- Other possible names: scottie, aberdeen terrier, aberdeen terrier, scottish terrier, scottie, scottish terrier.
- Adult dog height: from 25 cm to 28 cm at the withers.
- Weight: from 8.2 kg to 10.5 kg.
- Characteristic color: black, gray, wheat, motley black-red-white, acceptable white spot on the chest.
- Wool length: long, soft, thick, with a dense undercoat.
- Lifespan: an average of 13 years.
- Breed advantages: active, cheerful, do not bark without a reason.
- The complexity of the breed: stubborn, persistent, independent.
- The average price of a Scottish Terrier: from $ 100 to $ 1000.
The origin of the breed
The small, but very brave Scottish Terrier has the same dark as its wool, the mysterious history of its origin. This is most likely due to the fact that the Scots lived with hunters, farmers and foresters from distant areas of the northwestern part of the country, who barely maintained contact with the rest of the world.
Until 1561, nothing is known about the breed. The first mention of the possible ancestors of this dog was made in his book by the bishop of the town of Ross in the north of Scotland, John Leslie. The following mention of the breed is found only in the first half of the XVIII century. On the engravings of this era there are images of similar dogs.
Over the next almost one hundred years, until 1815, a gap in the history of this breed again arose. This year is the date of the first description of the dogs in the essay by Captain Gordon Morrey with the title "The Spirit of the Mountain Valley". This man can be called the first breeder of scotch terriers.
In 1837 appeared them first description in the book of Thomas Bell "Stories of British quadrupeds". In it, the Scottish terriers are described as long-haired dogs of gray and variegated colors or red-piebed with black tips of the ears and the same muzzle. By the way, the more familiar color Scottish Terrier was not popular until 1890. And then, from 1930, began to actively gain popularity. First standard this breed has been adopted in 1883 at an exhibition in the UK.
Scottish Terrier is considered a breed recognized by all canine organizations. The dogs of this breed quickly gained popularity and became the favorites of such world-famous people as Charlie Chaplin, George W. Bush, Eva Brown and Roosevelt. Such a dog named Blot was at the Soviet clown Pencil. And the black scotch terrier, along with its white counterpart West Highland White, is still the symbol of whiskey.
Originally Scottish Terriers were used for hunting small animalsthat live in burrows, such as a badger or a fox. Due to the small growth, the dog easily penetrated into their home, tearing the passage with strong, short legs. Also, these little dexterous hunters, along with the cats, guarded the houses, the outbuildings, and the farmlands from mice and rats.
When the breed became more famous, the Scotties began to actively participate in exhibitions. So, from the brave hunters, they turned into representatives of the show class. Currently they continue to wind up for visiting exhibitions, as well as unusual, beautiful pets and companion dogs.
Description of the nature of the breed scotch terrier
These are dogs with controversial character. Independence and independence are clearly expressed in their behavior. Despite their small stature, Scotti is endowed with confidence with a sense of leadership, sometimes bordering on superiority and arrogance. Scottish Terriers will always fulfill your requirements, but only if they consider it necessary at the moment. By this they resemble their big, same stubborn and wayward fellow terriers. Therefore, from the first minutes of the appearance in the house of such a pet, you must firmly, but not firmly, make it clear which of you is in charge.
Scotches are seen by strangers as an enemy who has violated the borders of their legal territory And they are wary of them. Protecting what belongs only to them, can bite fairly. Scotch terriers, despite such an extraordinary character, energetic, cheerful and very active. Sat down in anticipation of walking, they begin to rush around the house, sweeping away everything in their path. Such little naughty girls can gnaw on pretty shoes and some pieces of furniture. These dogs tolerate long solitude, after which they need a long and active walk with physical exertion.
Little four-legged Scots quiet and not barking without a very good reason. Those who first encountered this breed often have doubts if they have a dumb dog. This quality is especially appreciated by those who leads them into the apartment. In addition, with regular care for the wool scotch shed.
They are very loyal to their masters, singling out of all the one who has earned them greater authority. And can not only serve as a living decoration of the house, but also become a fun and attractive companion.
How to choose a puppy
Before the trip for a puppy clearly define why you need it. It will depend on how much the Scotch Terrier costs.
- To participate and win in exhibitions suitable scotch terrier puppies belonging to the show class. They perfectly meet all standards of this breed. Future champions for the entire litter may be one or two. Accordingly, these are the most valuable puppies that breeders greatly value.
- Next come Breed class pets. They are often purchased for breeding. They give remarkable offspring, but rarely win prizes. Puppies of this class are much cheaper.
- Remaining pet class - these are puppies with some discrepancies in the exterior or behavior. In the metrics of such babies, appropriate notes are made. At the exhibition of course they are not lucky. But this is a great option to purchase a purebred pet with all the attached documents. In addition, the price of such scotch terriers is more acceptable.
Diligent breeders will not replace classes. But for confidence, you can use the services of an independent dog handler or dog breeder who knows the finer points of the breed. All pedigree puppies with documents in the groin area are clearly marked. His data must match the entry in the metric.
Of course, you can purchase a purebred friend without a pedigree at a very nice price. In this case, you should find out whether the helminthization and carried out vaccinations. If not, then immediately go with the puppy to the vet, which will give recommendations for further action. After selecting, ask the owners in detail how they fed the puppy. For several days, try to stick to this diet, so that your little pet will not have problems with digestion.
Of course, this funny, proud and courageous dogs need a suitable nickname.
- Scotch boy such sonorous and noble names as Waigar, Jay, Melvin, Orson, Stam, Tabir, Citron, and so on may come up.
- Scottish girl It will be good to call such names as Alfira, Bessi, Wendy, Raychil, Tracy, Childa.
Care and maintenance
Main care over scotch terrier focused on his wool. You should purchase a special brush that you need to brush your pet every day. Twice a year needed a haircut for a handsome scotch terrier. To do this, the dog is taken to the groomer or call him to the house.
To avoid overdrying and skin irritation, scotch tape It is not recommended to bathe often. If your pet gets dirty while walking, you need to wash and wipe the paws, and wipe the smeared wool with a damp cloth. After the wool dries, it should be well combed. This will help get rid of dirt and dust. And also periodically use preparations for fleas.
After eating, you need to remove leftovers from the beard and mustache. From the first days teach your pet to do their business in one place. Keep your eyes and ears clean. This breed It has long become room and pampered. In cold and wet weather, it is better to reduce the walk or do without them.
Possible health problems
In general, this strong dogs with good immunity. But quite often there are cases of various types of cancer. More often, women suffer from this after 10-11 years. According to studies conducted this contribute to dry ready-made feed. They can also cause kidney and vascular disease in adulthood.
Immunizations can help protect your pet from certain dangerous viral infections. And to avoid a decrease in immunity and possible problems with digestion, you can regularly carry out prevention from worms. The average life expectancy for this breed is 12-14 years. But in many respects it depends on you how much your scotch terriers will live.
Eating puppy and adult dog
As mentioned above, the Scottish Terriers not recommended to feed with dry feed. Ordinary food from your table is also hardly suitable for them. An exception may be if you are an adherent of healthy and dietary food.
AT natural diet Pet includes tender, lean meat, such as chicken, veal, or turkey meat. Meat offal: liver and heart. Sea lean fish and seafood. And also eggs. All these products are given only in boiled form. It is useful to give cottage cheese, kefir or yogurt and yogurt, but without sweeteners and dyes.
Also include fresh fruits and vegetables on the menu. In this case, add a little oil to the grated carrot, and boil the potatoes. Various vitamin and mineral supplements will be useful. And sweets and smoked foods are generally excluded from the diet of your pet. Do not forget to follow the bowl of water. It must always be complete and freely available.
Training and education
Training in one form or another is necessary for a dog of any breed, especially for any terrier. When bringing up scotch need patience and endurance. You will have to face his stubbornness and waywardness.
Learning the simplest commands and adjusting behavior should be carried out in a strict and solid sequence. If you are not an experienced dog breeder, it is better to take the help of a specialist and spend a few lessons with him.
Advantages and disadvantages
Scottish Terriers conquer their unusual appearance. If you get to know them better, they surprise their valor, pride and independence. Like all terriers, scotch stubborn and wayward. Especially if it concerns the execution of any commands. They will do everything they want from them, but on condition that they need it and have such a desire. To achieve good obedience, you need to become a dog leader and from an early age regularly, firmly and confidently engaged in her upbringing.
This little and wonderful little dog really very brave and strong. When meeting with large representatives of the dog world, he will never get into a fight first. But if necessary, he will quickly recall hunting skills and close his teeth on the opponent’s head with a strong grip. With great caution, even with some aggression refers to outsiders.
Before you get Scotch in the family with a small child, you need well study the characteristic this breed to avoid possible future problems. To make the character of a pet softer, it should first be surround with affection and love. And in return you will receive a gentle and loyal friend.
With proper upbringing, these shaggy Scots will become your favorite, cheerful companion. It is impossible to walk with them without catching the enthusiastic glances of passersby.
My wife and I dog lovers. After the loss of the faithful Rottweiler decided to get scotch. As in many cases, we did not choose Benya, but he us. He climbed into my arms and bit my nose. So we met.
We live together for four years. During this time, many gnawed shoes, furniture legs, books left by chance, and so on appeared. The character is still. He is very wayward. It was easier for me to raise a rottweiler.
Independence also rolls over. In the summer we live in the country. So Benya several times managed himself to walk on the lake and back. There were attempts to steal it. But, firstly, it is not given to the wrong hands, and secondly, for those who managed to take it, it all ended in good bites.
Despite this, we love him very much, and he responds to us with sincere reciprocation.
Before choosing a breed, I studied her character for a long time. Decided and took Tosca. We recently turned two years old. I can say Scotchs need timely, solid education. Otherwise, their obstinacy will take over you, and you will no longer manage, but you. Up to ten months all the shoes were cleaned, but keeping track of the baseboards and legs of stools is simply not realistic, especially in your absence.
The apartment behaves like a mouse. It is not visible and not audible. By the way, really rarely barks.
A bit choosy about food. Serve meat only soft, and from cheese and sausages turns up the nose. Madly in love with apples and cucumbers. He likes to walk very much. If I am smeared on a walk, and I wipe it badly, it will only lie on my rug or next to the chair. It will not climb until it is well cleaned. In short, the girl is clean. Playful, very active, funny and beautiful.
Scottish Terrier or Dog Blot
Who does not know this cute dog? Let us recall at least the old recordings of the performances of the last century by the clown Pencil and the dog Blots: it was thanks to this debut that the Scotch Terrier became so popular on the territory of the former union. Even today, this breed of dog has enough fans. Of course, this is a wonderful burrow dog for hunting foxes and badgers. And the Scottish Terrier is a good friend for the whole family!
Scottish terriers or Scottish terriers are descended from medium-sized hard-haired terriers who lived in the north of Scotland. For the first time (in 1561) about such dogs is mentioned in the notes of the famous Christian preacher, the Catholic Bishop John Leslie. However, at that time the breed was not yet formed. Only in 1860 was a group of terriers identified, called scotch terriers, which were displayed in England, in the city of Birmingham. But at that time there was a lot of controversy about the appearance of the dog.
Blot and Pencil
Only in 1880, JB Morrison compiled the breed standard, which was subsequently officially recognized. Subsequently, changes were made to this standard, but the main characteristic still remained. And the first United Anglo-Scottish Terrier Fans Club was created two years later.
It is not known when the Scotch Terrier first appeared on the territory of the Soviet Union, but already in the 20s of the last century, the poet Vladimir Mayakovsky had Scotch tape. And since the end of the 30s clown Mikhail Nikolayevich Rumyantsev (Pencil) has been accompanied by a scotch terrier named Klyaksa.
Scottish Terrier is a short-legged, undersized, active dog with a slightly longer head.
The head is long with an almost flat skull. The transition from the forehead to the face is quite pronounced and located before the eyes. Scissor bite. The nose is large and black. The eyes are almond-shaped, dark brown, deep-set. Ears neat with pointed tips.
The neck is of medium length, muscular. The back is short, strong. The loin is deep. Chest wide, brisket protruding, ribs rounded. The tail is of moderate length, slightly curved, set vertically.
The forelimbs are bony and straight, the hind limbs are very powerful. The movement of the dog free and smooth.
Wool scotch terrier tough and thick, fits tight. The undercoat is short and thick. The color of the Scottish Terrier is black, wheat or tiger.
The height of the dog at the withers is from 25 to 28 cm. The weight of the scotch is from 8.5 to 10.5 kg.
Scottish terrier is mobile in character, restrained, courageous, intelligent and peace-loving dog Blot. In general, a true friend!
If the Scotch Terrier was a man, they would say about him - prone to mood swings. These are obviously not dogs for round-the-clock games and close communication at the first call of the owner, but also not isolated loners. With proper upbringing, they are not inclined to bark without an excuse and spoil things, calmly remain alone for the whole day.
Like almost all terriers, the heroes of our article are very clever and inquisitive. But they are more likely observers: they carefully watch and evaluate in situations where a more active dog wants to take part immediately. The pet will love long quiet walks, acquaintances with unobtrusive people and animals, funny games (but right here - by mood).
At home, Scottish Terriers are called "die-hard", i.e. facing death. This character trait is manifested in the protection of the family and itself from everything that Scotty considers dangerous. To strangers, they are more alert, but without obvious aggression (if there is no reason). The same applies to other dogs and children, even members of the family: the child gets along with a proud dog, only if he treats him carefully.
Perhaps aggression to cats is nothing more than insinuations? 🙂
With cats it is more difficult - many terriers consider them their prey (but not all, see the photo above). But if the Scottish Terrier puppy matures next to an unobtrusive cat, their relationship will be at the level of neutrality. But all the little things like birds and mice must be kept in cages - Scotty did not forget about the hunting past.
Suitable for people for whom the dog is a loyal friend, requiring a lot of attention, but not fussing around the clock.Even a well-educated Scottish Terrier may suddenly rush to the oncoming dog, nip the child who has played, or refuse to come to the call! Therefore, the breed is not suitable for people from the category "Do not be afraid, my dog never ...".
Nuances of education
Compare the description of the Scottish Terrier breed: excitable, mistrustful, dominant or calm, docile and friendly. Both characteristics are fair when it comes to them. In a small compact dog fit two personalities, each of which is ready at any time to come to the fore.
This is the most "terrier" and gambling within the group of dogs. They are incredibly smart, but they obey only the team that has (for them) meaning. Those. in the process of raising and training the Scotch Terrier, you must be interested - this dog will not be stupid to carry out all the whims of the owner.
In this video we invite you to meet Reggie, Chernysh from Sweden. The hosts do circus training with him with good results for his age (he is only a year old).
Here it is shown how he performs the commands of early (general course of training): sit, lie down, stand, place, close and more complex (Stop! Turn over! Circle), etc. Read more about what else you can teach your crumb, read our article.
A certain snobbery, which is considered almost the hallmark of the breed, makes the Scotch Terrier contact and capricious at the same time. If the owner is prone to physical stress, nervousness and constant shouts, Scotty will “forget” even what has already been learned. But if you choose the tactic of "equal" partnership and respect for the dog as a companion, the Scottish Terrier will try his best not to upset the family.
In general, they are easy to learn and do not dream of taking a leading position. But with a reservation to a proud temper and the highest ability to analyze! The owner should be balanced, persistent and consistent. If you can not, then you can not always, but not in mood, if sometimes it is permissible - it is always possible, from the point of view of Scottie.
Scotty confidently (behind only in speed) pass the agility route, can successfully hunt, and show good results in obedience competitions. Those. the owner can easily find what to occupy the dog - not too active, but in need of consistent intellectual training.
He is capable of more than it seems at first sight! (photo from agility competition, Vienna, 2013)
In terms of content, Scottish Terriers are great for city life. They do not need to constantly bathe and comb, and the small size of the pet "fit" even in a small apartment. The only nuance is wool, which requires haircuts and regular trimming.
The old wool that has lost its elasticity and luster is plucked by hand. Trimming with Scotch tape every 3-6 months. The frequency depends on the age, nutrition and characteristics of a particular dog. The first time this procedure is carried out at the age of six months, ideally - under the guidance of a groomer or breeder.
When it comes to the exhibition Scotch Terrier, you cannot do without the services of an experienced groomer. But the "home" hygienic haircut is much easier to do - the wool is cut so that the pet does not interfere with excessive length.
Variant haircut "for every day" for Scotch terrier (pictured - male Miguel Sneiland, Novotritsk).
Hair on the head, cheekbones, neck and throat is shortened with a machine or scissors. To give a concentrated look leave long "eyebrows" and "beard" so that the coat does not prevent the dog from seeing. Briefly remove the hair along the back of the nose (it turns out "parting") and on the ears, giving them a pointed shape.
To make the Scotch Terrier look neat, the hair is shortened on the back and sides, under the tail and on the shoulders (from the side, starting from the base of the ears and down, with a gently expanding wedge). Here you can insert rice. 2, there the main sections are shown. The lower part of the fur on the abdomen, body and paws forms a long skirt: at the request of the owner, from a few centimeters to a "skirt to the floor."
We remind you that this is a haircut exclusively for the home. Exhibition grooming Scottish terrier is complicated because of dozens of nuances, from thickness and length of wool in certain areas to meet the standard (you must hide the flaws and emphasize the merits, without going beyond it).
An example of professional trimming can be found on this photo:
Genetically healthy Scottie is a strong, hardy dog, active until old age. But there are several serious diseases in the breed, including hereditary ones:
- Scottie cramp (neuromuscular disease). In a state of excitement, the dog begins convulsions without loss of consciousness. Incurable, but never progresses - the dog will live, the frequency of convulsions is individual,
- VWD and hemophilia (diseases of the hematopoietic system). Bleeding due to bleeding disorders. In severe cases, spontaneous bleeding in internal organs, joints, muscles. Incurable, often sick Scotches die at puppy or young age,
- Cushing's syndrome (endocrine system). Surplus of cortisol produced by the body. By resorting to diagnostic measures, if Scotty began to lose weight, drinks a lot and often pees, the pet's skin has darkened, and the hair falls out. The treatment is long, expensive. Without therapy, the dog gradually fades away.
In addition, dogs of the Scotch Terrier breed suffer from achondroplasia and other skeletal disorders, dysplasia, retinal atrophy, and pulmonary stenosis. Many diseases and carriage are detected by genetic tests, the results of which a conscientious breeder will necessarily show in the process of choosing a puppy.
Scotty, despite being widely known, is not a commercial breed. Therefore, prices do not go too far, and with a thoughtful approach to choosing a kennel, buying a healthy Scottish Terrier puppy will not be a problem.
On average, in large cities, the cost of a puppy "for the soul" starts from 15 thousand rubles, an exhibition from titled parents - 25-30 thousand.
The country of origin of Scotch terriers, or in another way “Scottish earthen dog, is Great Britain and the Hebrides archipelago. These dogs in those days were used in hunting - they deftly penetrated holes, dug them out and pulled the animals out.
Officially, the breed was recognized in 1879, and at the same time its first representative was allowed to participate in the exhibition. The standard was approved a little later, in 1883, at the same time the first Scottish Terrier Club was founded by lovers of the breed. This was the starting point for this breed, which in a short time was able to gain world popularity.
Description of Scotch Terrier breed
Scotch terrier is a small dog with a compact body, short, strong legs. Head small, with a long, medium body width, but proportional to the body.
According to the standard, representatives of the breed should have a dense complexion with a heavy bone frame. Also, special attention is paid to symmetry and balance of addition:
- Muzzle in dogs elongated, has a slight narrowing to the nose. The color of the lobe does not depend on the color; in any case, it should be black. The teeth are large, even, scissor bite, which is preferable, or straight. Square jaw, powerful.
- Eyes small, almond-shaped, set wide apart and deep set. The look is penetrating. The iris is dark, best of all, if it is black.
- Auricles small, standing, high up, sharpened, not subject to stopping. Give the dog a wary, serious look.
- The neck is moderately shortened, thickish, with developed muscles. The transition to the shoulders is soft. If the neck is too short, then the dog looks overly awkward.
- Torso shortened with the same loin, wide sides and muscular hind limbs.
- Tail thickened at the base, narrows at the tip, is high and is in a raised position when moving, but does not lie on its back. Covered with short hair.
- Front and rear limbs strong, straight, with a good muscle mass and parallel hock joints.
The coat of scotch terriers is long, hard, the undercoat is short, soft. The elongated fur on the beard, limbs and abdomen is usually softer than on other parts of the body, but its fluffiness is not allowed.
The standard allowed three main suits:
- monochrome black
Often, dogs with a black or yellowish-brown color have silvery or white patches.
Scottish terriers are charming and they are very captivating. However, they have a rather changeable character - only just playing, a cheerful little dog can suddenly turn into an irritated, angry dog.
Another quality of these dogs, which can complicate relations with the owner, is pathological stubbornness. In order for the pet to become more flexible, the owner must show firmness and show the puppy from the first days who the owner is in the house.
Despite their modest size, Scottish Terriers have the courage and dignity. They often show capriciousness, trying to go where they want, and do what they want. They value their space and protect it from alien invasion. In addition, some representatives of the breed have pronounced leadership qualities, and in this case they will show aggression towards their own kind.
In order for a dog to get along well with other pets, it should be socialized very early, otherwise his innate hunting instincts will prevail. In this case, living together will turn into a permanent hunt. This quality should also be taken into account when walking - the dog can jerk off the spot when he sees suitable prey.
The sensitivity of dogs is rather high, they clearly determine by the intonation of the voice whether the owner criticizes the actions of his pet or praises. And if the dog does not perceive his master as the leader, he will constantly test his patience.
Scottish terriers are very dedicated, alert, so they are excellent watchmen. Dogs of this breed tend to choose one or two people, with whom they will establish a closer relationship. Pedigreed dogs do not make friends with a person who is not a member of their family. With strangers behave with restraint, trying not to touch them.
The Scotch Terrier is a very playful dog who adores various ball games, frisbee, and runs a lot both at home and while walking. But the minus can be called their volume - these pets bark, oh, how they love. Little Scots are not recommended for families with small children, and for older children a pet can be an excellent companion and friend. Breeders of the breed warn - if you find a common language with scotch terrier, he will become the best friend until the last day.
How to train Scotch Terrier
From the foregoing it is clear that the representatives of this breed are by no means simple dogs. Having a small height, they are very strong and independent, and, moreover, they are not used to giving in even to larger relatives. Mind and ingenuity they do not hold, so they are perfectly trained. But do not use physical strength and other harsh methods, scotch terrier will gratefully respond to kindness and warm attitude.
The sooner you teach your pet to the teams, the better he will master them. Training and education should begin as soon as the new member of the family crossed the threshold of the house. If the owner hesitates, then you have to make much more effort to get obedience from the Scotch tape.
You need to train regularly, devoting a lot of time to this process. And one of the most important qualities that it is recommended to develop in hunting breeds is walking on a leash. Otherwise, the pet may run away, starting to pursue the "prey".
Terriers are very greedy for praise and this should be used when training. Experts recommend not to skimp on the praise, as the pets will not be able to refuse to perform the task, only to once again hear good words addressed to him from the mouth of the host. It should be borne in mind that representatives of this breed are prone to independent action. And even being brought up, the dog will have some time to decide how to act in this situation.
How much is a scotch terrier puppy
If you are interested in the question, for how much you can buy a Scottish Terrier puppy, then it is worth considering the available options. First of all, if the goal of acquiring a purebred pet is pursued, then it is better to buy a puppy in nurseries, bypassing bird markets and private announcements. Here are often offered mestizos, externally similar to scotch terriers or puppies with pedigree, but with significant defects. The price of terriers varies within:
- The cost of a puppy with a pedigree from the titled parents from the nursery can reach 60,000 rubles. In this case, the pet will have excellent qualities, and in the future there is a chance to build an excellent show career.
- 17000-25000 rubles worth a puppy of a brid class - with excellent health, suitable for breeding, but not reaching the show class. Usually, these dogs are bought by people who do not want to exhibit their pet in the ring.
- The most affordable puppies are pet-class. They are not used for breeding due to small flaws, for the same reason they can not participate in exhibitions. The rest is healthy, strong kids. Their price is 10,000-17,000 rubles.
Regardless of class and cost, the pet will be a great friend. Scottish Terrier - confident, brave and independent dog. He is not a decorative dog, and therefore requires a serious approach. Its owner, first of all, should understand and, most importantly, accept the characteristics of the character of the four-legged friend, be able to handle him and give him enough attention. And only then the scotch terrier will become a loyal friend, loving family and protecting it from foreign invasion.
Scottish Terrier Kennels
1. Scotch Terrier Nursery "Merryfidgety" (Kherson), Ukraine. Owner Natalia Kovaleva. Phone mob. + 380677183986, +380505985980. E-mail: [email protected] Site: merryfidgety.jimdo.com
2. Nursery Scotch and Cairn Terriers "Alecta Prima" (St. Petersburg), Russia. Phones: +7911-938-1213, 8(812)304-5571.
3. Nursery Scotch Terriers Alba Omega (Moscow), Russia. Phones: +7 905 702-76-91, +7 926 146-71-78. Site: alba-omega.ru