By biological characteristics, you can accurately determine the age of the animal. For kittens up to one year, puberty is a major factor in determining age. Cats begin to demonstrate a desire for freedom at the age of 7 months. About this owners prompt small pools in the corners. Cats begin to demand a free life later, in the period from 8 to 9 months.
The period from one and a half years to three years can be attributed to the feline "youth." At this time, the cat is no longer like a kitten in appearance, but intellectually still far from an adult animal. She plays and worn like a little.
Next comes the period of youth. The pet calms down a bit, it is full of strength and energy. During this period, health is strong, and the cat is intelligent and active.
After six years, the activity of the cat is declining. Laziness can be seen in his movements, but for mobile games, it can only be forced. Favorite moves from racing to couch mode. During this period, the first signs of inadequate care appear: health may fail if the living conditions of the animal during these six years were not the best.
At the age of ten years, the cat crosses the threshold of old age. The health of the animal during this period depends entirely on the quality of its care. It should be noted that yard cats rarely live to this age. Domestic is more fortunate.
Finding the age of a cat by its behavior is difficult enough. There are animals that continue to rush like mad until the very "pension", and there are pets who spend all their youth in the bowels of the sofa.
Age determination scheme
For a more accurate determination of age, a philologist was drawn up a scheme to determine the maturity of a cat by the state of its teeth:
- In kittens, milk teeth begin to erupt at 1 month, and alternate at 5-6,
- if the central incisors of the lower jaw are visibly erased, the cat is a year and a half,
- average incisors are erased in the period from 2.5 years to three years,
- the central and middle incisors of the upper jaw are erased from 3.5 years to 4.5,
- on the canines erasures appear by 5 years of cat's life,
- in the incisors of the mandible, the surface changes from 7 to 9 years,
- incisors begin to fall out at the age of 10,
How to extend the life of a pet
With age, the cats' immune system begins to fail. From about five years old, special attention should be paid to the condition of the animal. Signs of diseases that are often susceptible to pets may not appear for a long time. Unfortunately, the pet's aging process cannot be stopped.
But the owners are able to slow it down, thanks to good care:
- Outwardly, it is not always clear what worries the animal. It is necessary to observe all changes in his habits, mood and appetite.
- Good food - not the only guarantee of well-being Murka. With age, the cat increasingly needs additional nutrients. It is necessary to treat your favorite multivitamin bought in a wet pharmacy.
- The health of your ears, teeth and general hygiene will significantly improve the life of your pet.
- By eliminating the parasites, you will provide not only a comfortable life for your pet, but also protect it from infections that carry all sorts of fleas and ticks.
- Another undisputed winner of aging is care. An animal surrounded by attention will be happy with good mood and good health.
Nutrition depending on age
In each separate period of life cats need a certain diet. That which will give vigor to the active kitten, the stomach of the old pet simply does not digest.
Owners of small kittens should definitely make up a menu rich in vitamins. Dairy products, boiled meat and fish should be present in the diet. The yolk is also useful for babies. Vegetables and semolina will help kittens grow healthy and active.
An adult cat needs a nutritious diet no less. Depending on the breed, the menu should include meat products. Occasionally you can treat your pet fish. But only if it is not sterilized!
Older animals need a special menu. Due to dental problems, cats need soft or chopped food. It should also prevent obesity in a pet. If the cat's body is difficult to grope ribs, then it's time to reduce the portion. The diet of an old animal must be balanced, it must contain calcium and taurine.
The age of the cat by human standards
For its size, cats live quite a long time. Usually the life span of an animal is proportional to its size (the only exceptions are humans, turtles, whales, and some other animals).
The tiny mouse has a short lifespan, rabbits live a little longer. Dogs, depending on the size and breed, have been living much longer, from 7 to 20 years. Cats are not much more than rabbits, but while rabbits usually live no more than 7 years, the average life expectancy of cats is 12 to 14 years, and it is not uncommon when cats live at home to 20 or even 25 years.
In cats, conditionally distinguish 6 stages of life:
1. Kitten: 0-6 months
The period when a young cat grows rapidly, develops and barely reaches its mature age.
2. Young cat: 6 months - 2 years
The cat reaches its full adult size, learning life and survival.
3. A cat in its prime: 2 years - 6 years
The cat is fully developed physically and intellectually, she is healthy and very active, her coat looks smooth and shiny.
4. Mature cat: 7-10 years old
A cat is called mature when, by human standards, it can be given from 40 to 50 years.
5. Mature cat: 11-14 years old
The age of the cat is about 70 human years.
6. Old cat: 15 years and older
Many cats reach this stage and show no signs of senile diseases! Although the age of these cats by human standards is more than 70 years.
We translate the cat's age to human
There are several ways that translate the age of the cat on the human, but each of them is not accurate:
The first year of life is considered a period of puberty and approximately corresponds to 14-15 human years. She takes care of herself, extracts food, and orientates herself in space.
By the age of 2 years, the character and habits of the cat are already formed. The cat fully physically matures and is ready to conquer space, claiming to females. This age is equivalent to 24 human.
Each subsequent year is equal to 4 human and is calculated by the formula:
where n is the age of the cat, starting from 3 years.
Calculation table using the coefficient (click to enlarge).
Another way to:
- From 1-5 years old every cat year is equal to 7 human
- From 6 - 12 every year is 4 human.
- From 12 to 20 every year is 3 human.
Calculate the age of the cat can be using the coefficient. When calculating it, physical development, social intelligence, emotional sphere of a cat and a man were taken into account.
The most popular method, but also not considered as accurate as possible, since the cat's intelligence is almost impossible to measure.
At the same age, one cat can find a house, thousands of kilometers away, another can get lost in an apartment.
See the table for calculating the age of cats by human standards using the coefficient.
Determine the age of the cat
Sometimes the owners do not know how old the cat is, which most often happens when an adult animal has fallen into the house. It is possible to determine the age by the condition of the teeth, eyes and appearance, with which the veterinarians can easily and quickly cope. But if there is no opportunity to visit the vet, then you need to know the following.
This method cannot be considered absolutely reliable, since in an adult cat they can fall out and deteriorate due to illnesses and unforeseen effects.
When viewed in addition to erasing, yellowing and loss of teeth, attention is also paid to the bite, the general condition of the oral cavity, which can be said about premature damage.
The age characteristics presented in the table may vary depending on the diet, habitat conditions, and breed of the animal.
Old cat's eyes
When buying feed you need to pay attention to the composition. They should be rich in minerals and vitamins that will save your pet's teeth.
Young cats have eyes of rich color with a bright iris and a clear pattern. In aging individuals, the eyes become dull with a cloudy lens, not a bright iris, disturbed by the pattern.
- Young cats are rich in shiny beautiful hair, which with aging pet thins, dims, turns gray.
- Juveniles more clumsy. Possess relief muscles.
- Adults have a rounded body. Moves more calmly and lazily.
- Older individuals are thinner with protruding bones of the shoulder girdle and loose skin.
Eyes of a young cat
Maturation of a kitten is much faster than in humans (in a few weeks). Being born absolutely helpless, blind and deaf, during this time he becomes acquainted with the world, learns to walk.
A week after the birth, a rumor appears (the protective film falls off), eyes open. Vision forms gradually over several weeks. In the second week, teeth begin to erupt. In a human child, this occurs at 5-9 months.
In the month of kittens are already actively running, that human children do in 1-1,5 years. A kitten at 3 months is comparable in social intelligence with a human child of 2 years.
The table below shows the age of kittens by human standards (by month):
This period is the most difficult to compare, due to the rapid growth of kittens.
At 4 months, the kittens are already actively playing with their brothers and sisters, they determine who is a stranger and who is their own, build relationships with their owners, can cope without a mother with licking herself, washing her face, turning claws, eating.
The age of cats in the first year of life in human terms is 18, which encourages owners to more closely approach the issues of raising a fluffy friend, forming only positive habits (going to the toilet in the tray and sharpening the claws in the right place, not peeling wallpaper, not spoiling furniture, do not bite, etc.).
A kitten at the age of 6 months, like a true teenager, begins to experience the limits of what is permitted. Therefore, the owner must promptly respond and stop the unlawful. You should not forgive mischief and mischief, thinking that the kitten is still a child and its behavior will be corrected.
Also approximately during this period (6-7 months) in females heat begins, causing a definite reaction in males. It is advisable to avoid mating, as the female is not physically ready for childbirth and especially maternity, but she can become pregnant.
From one to two years, the pet already looks adult, but still behaves like a child, playing, hiding, etc. In movements the clumsiness disappears and grace appears.
During this period, the pet shows its strength, dexterity, and tirelessness to the maximum. Youth lasts up to 5 years, which in human years is 40. The ideal period for the establishment of healthy offspring.
From 6 to 10 liters. (about 40-55 human) pet calm, sometimes it can play. Problems may begin in the kidneys, liver, gastrointestinal tract. Non-sterilized pets may suffer from hormonal disruptions.
From 10-12 l. Cats are considered to be elderly, although there are individuals that live to 20 liters. It all depends on the conditions of the pet and his health. For example, yard cats live to 10, and pets often live longer than 16.
There are also long-lived cats that live up to 20 and longer. For example, the Texas cat Fluffy lived for 38 years, and the cat Gruppa Rex Allen lived for 34 years. Both pets lived with the same owner. Their owner said that they had lived for so long only because of their diet: bacon, eggs, broccoli, asparagus.
There is also information about the cat Lucy from England, who lived up to 43 liters. Her last owner in 2015 found documents that she was born in 1972.
Factors to extend the life of a pet
- Balanced diet,
- A place to rest and sleep (cozy and warm),
- The absence of a traumatic situation and the possibility of physical injury,
- Regular visits to the vet,
- Unlimited love and caress.