Fungal disease of the skin in pets is not uncommon. Dermatophytosis (ringworm, trichophytosis) is transmitted not only through direct contact with a sick animal, but also through contaminated care items and the environment.
Ringworm affects not only domestic dogs and cats. A person with a low level of the immune system can become infected with trichophytosis. Treatment of the animal is long-term and should be carried out under the supervision of a veterinary specialist.
Read in this article.
Ways of infection
The causative agent of skin infections are the fungi of the genus Trychophiton and Microsporum. Pathogenic microorganisms are characterized by high resistance in the environment. Once on the skin, fungi multiply actively in the upper layers of the epidermis, affecting the hair follicle. Damaged hair breaks off, and therefore the lichen is called "ringworm."
In veterinary medicine, the pathways of infection of four-legged friends are well studied. Dog infection with pathogenic fungi can occur in the following situations:
- In contact with a sick animal. Most often, fungal infections are exposed to homeless individuals. Pathogenic fungus with pieces of skin falls on the healthy tissue of the pet and infection occurs. Not only stray dogs are dangerous, but also cats.
- With indirect contact. In this case, the infection occurs through fungus-infected items: plates, toys, combs, combs, beds, etc. The risk of infection of a healthy dog when using fungus-contaminated fungi (collar, harness, muzzle, etc.) is high.
- Through the environment. The high resistance of the pathogen in the environment and to disinfectants makes it dangerous when walking a pet on the street. Spores of the fungus in the ground, sand, debris, dust can get on the skin and cause infection.
- Vector of fungal spores are often rodents - mice and rats.
In the pathogenesis of the disease, the state of the dog's immune system plays an important role. Veterinary specialists, based on many years of experience, believe that individuals with a low level of immunity are susceptible to dermatophytosis. Malfunctions in the body's defenses are a triggering factor for the ringworm. In connection with this, puppies and young individuals are affected, as well as elderly dogs weakened by diseases.
The risk group also includes individuals living in nurseries and shelters. The high density of animals contributes to the rapid spread of infection. The situation is aggravated by dampness in the rooms, lack of ventilation, unsanitary condition of the cells.
According to the observation of veterinarians, outbreaks of the disease are most often recorded in the autumn-winter months. This phenomenon is due not only to the low resistance of a living organism due to vitamin deficiencies, but also to insufficient ultraviolet radiation, which has a destructive effect on fungal spores.
How does it look in the initial stage
From the moment of infection until the first symptoms of a fungal infection appear, it usually takes from several days to 2 - 3 weeks. If a four-legged friend has thick and long hair, then it is very difficult to detect the initial stage of the disease.
Once in the upper layers of the epidermis, the pathogenic fungus penetrates the hair follicle. This process is accompanied by an inflammatory reaction, which leads to redness and skin itching. Pet worries, scratches the damaged areas with paws. The initial stage of trichophytia is manifested by the presence of reddened and slightly swollen areas on the skin in the form of tubercles. Foci of baldness in this period is not observed.
An inflammatory reaction at the site of penetration of a pathogenic fungus leads to itchy skin. Combing with paws and licking affected areas leads to secondary infection of the skin by viruses and bacteria. The fungus spreads to healthy areas of the body.
Lesions become contoured, as a rule, rounded shape. Infected skin dries quickly, asbestos gray crusts and scabs form on it. Inflammatory foci are observed in the center and along the edges of the damaged area. On the periphery of the follicular nodules. During this period, pockets of baldness appear on the body of the animal.
Pathologically altered skin patches are observed on the face and neck of the animal, on the limbs, in the area of the croup and stomach. Fungal lesion affects not only the epidermis of the skin, but also the claws of the dog. They become thickened, deformed.
Common symptoms of ringworm
At the initial stages of dermatophytosis, the owner does not observe any deviations in the general condition of the pet. However, in the case of infection of damaged skin with bacteria and viruses, not only a local inflammatory reaction can develop, but also a general one. Suppuration is accompanied by a depressed state of the dog, a rise in body temperature, a decrease in appetite, and in severe cases, a refusal to eat.
Under adverse conditions, an animal can develop not only pyoderma, but also sepsis.
Having discovered the symptoms of a fungal skin lesion in a pet, one should not hesitate to visit a specialized institution. A graduate will examine the animal and conduct a series of diagnostic tests.
A preliminary diagnosis is usually made using a Wood's lamp. Pathogenic fungi under a special fluorescent lighting begins to glow in emerald color. However, this method does not always reveal trichophytosis and makes it impossible to determine the type of mycelium. In this regard, conduct a deep scraping of the skin from the damaged area, followed by mycological examination.
In order to determine the type of pathogen, biological material is sown on a special nutrient medium.
The complex and differential diagnosis of the disease also includes a clinical analysis of blood and urine, allergy tests. Differentiate trichophytosis in relation to pink lichen, psoriasis, seborrheic eczema, dermatitis, pyoderma.
Dermatophytosis is a complex disease requiring long-term treatment. There is no question of any self-treatment for the diagnosis of ringworm. The fungus affects the deep layers of the epidermis, which makes it difficult to effectively use local preparations.
Visible attenuation of the process, the owner may take for recovery, while the fungus is embedded in the deeper layers of the skin. Relapse in this case is inevitable. In this regard, treatment should be carried out only under the supervision of a veterinary specialist with regular mycological examination.
The effectiveness of ointments that have antifungal effects, mainly depends on the proper preparation of damaged skin. To do this, you must first sanitize the lesions of any antiseptic: furatsilina solution, chlorhexidine, salicylic acid.
After that, the blunt-end scissors cut the hair around the pathological area. Wool is burned. If there are crusts, they are softened with a soap solution, then removed and disinfected. The skin is dried with a napkin and apply healing ointment.
The following ointments are used in veterinary practice as local antifungal drugs: Zoomicol, Mikoseptin, Yam, Tiabendazole, Griseofulvin, Fungin, Ekalin, Vedinol, etc. The preparations have a pronounced fungicidal and fungistatic effect, have anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effect, reduce skin itching. The regularity of applying the ointment is determined by the attending physician.
In cases where the disease acquires a systemic form, veterinary specialists use, as a rule, the introduction of fungicidal preparations and antibiotics orally in the form of tablets or injections. As antifungal agents used Nizoral, Intraconazole, Fluconazole, Levorin.
High efficacy in dermatophytosis is noted with the use of antibiotics with fungostatic effect: Griseofulvin, Amphotericin. Drugs are used for 3 to 5 weeks at a dose and frequency, prescribed by a veterinary specialist in each case.
In addition to antifungal and antibacterial agents, immunostimulating agents and vitamins are used in the complex treatment of trichophytosis in dogs, in particular, vitamin A. The sick animal is isolated during treatment. Quarantine is removed only after two negative mycological examination results.
Given the complexity of the disease, folk remedies in the treatment of dermatophytosis in dogs are used as auxiliary. Broths of chamomile, Hypericum, tansy, sage are effective for soaking crusts and antiseptic treatment of damaged skin. With the same purpose apply a solution of apple vinegar.
For information on how to treat ringworm at home with folk remedies, see this video:
Is it contagious for a person?
Trichophytosis is an anthropozoonosis - a disease that affects both humans and animals. The most susceptible are children who do not have a well-developed immune system. The risk of infection is also great in people weakened by the disease and elderly family members. Given the high virulence of the pathogenic fungus, the owner of the sick dog should take personal preventive measures when caring for a pet.
Therapeutic measures (skin treatment, application of ointments) should be carried out with gloves, after which hands should be thoroughly washed with soap and disinfected with an antiseptic. At the time of medical procedures until complete recovery of the dog, confirmed by repeated laboratory tests, the animal should be isolated from other family members and especially from children.
Vaccine as a reliable method of prevention
Modern veterinary medicine has a wide arsenal of specific means of preventing trichophytia. Most often, vaccines such as Microderm, Vacterm, Polivac are used to protect the dog from a fungal infection. As a rule, immunization is carried out twice, side effects are not observed.
However, if infection with a pathogenic fungus has occurred prior to vaccination, the introduction of some immunological preparations may lead to the appearance of clinical signs of trichophytia. In these cases, therapeutic administration of the vaccine is used.
The vaccine in this case is administered 2 or 3 times. At the same time, fungicidal agents and ointments are administered to a sick animal.
General recommendations for the prevention of infection
Veterinary experts recommend the owners of four-legged friends to adhere to the following tips and rules to prevent trichophytia in dogs:
- Make a diet of a balanced selection of products.
- Provide pet with satisfactory conditions of detention. The room should be dry, without drafts and moisture.
- Do not allow the dog to contact stray and stray animals, including cats.
- Regularly carry out preventive treatment of wool from parasites.
- To vaccinate a pet in terms established by the veterinarian.
- To treat the dog's paws with an antiseptic after a walk.
- Regularly disinfect the room and habitat of the pet, dog care items.
Ringworm in dogs is a contagious skin disease of fungal etiology. An informative diagnostic method is the cultivation of fungal culture on nutrient media with subsequent identification of the type of pathogen. Treatment is long-term in nature and should be carried out only under the supervision of a veterinary specialist. An effective method for preventing disease is vaccination.
About the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of lichen in dogs, see this video:
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Introduction to lichen in dogs
Your dog may become infected with this dangerous disease:
- During a walk, in contact with another sick animal,
- If for the care of hair used comb or other devices that were previously treated wool of a sick animal,
- In addition, some animals can be depriving carriers, even without being sick, that is, without external signs of skin lesions. Get infected
Your dog can almost everywhere, the most important thing is that depriving pathogens are very tenacious: some types of fungi can be active in the environment for up to 18 months. Some types of lichen in dogs are characterized by a high degree of danger of infection to humans. Particularly susceptible to infection deprive people with reduced immunity, children and the elderly.
In total, there are several main types of lichen in dogs: weeping, ringing, pink and scaly. Let's talk about each and the form in detail: including about how to treat a lichen in a dog in each particular case.
General video about the disease with an explanation of the main points:
Ringworm in dogs
What does ringworm look like in dogs? It is believed that This is the most common and most dangerous type of this disease. As a rule, depriving symptoms in dogs are small spots (up to 2 cm in diameter) of pink or brown color with a clearly defined border, which appear most often on the paws and at the base of the dog's tail. For this type of disease is characterized by complete hair loss at the sites of injury. Spots itch, bringing painful discomfort to the animal. If untreated, ringworm in dogs quickly spreads throughout the body and can be fatal. The disease is infectious and is caused by fungi of the genus Microsporum or Trichophyton.
Ringworm in the dog in the initial stage on the photo:
Attention! Ringworm is transmitted from dog to person. Some statistics:
- Children are most affected by this disease.
- Boys are sick 5 times more often than girls.
- And among adults, women are prone to the disease ringworm more than men.
- People with red hair rarely suffer from this disease. So, if you are a red-haired girl - you are definitely lucky 🙂
Due to the threat of infection, as soon as you have found ringworm of your dog, you need to immediately limit contact with the animal, if possible, by giving it a separate room. And the floors and furniture where the dog was located should be thoroughly cleaned with any disinfectant.
Treatment for ringworm
How to treat ringworm in dogs? If you find the first signs of the disease, you should immediately contact your veterinarian and pass the appropriate tests. If there is no possibility to contact the veterinary clinic, it is permissible to start treatment at home. The area around the affected skin should be carefully cut out, washed with warm water and treated with an antiseptic. Further, it is recommended to use antifungal ointments (Miconazole, Clotrimazole) as a treatment. Ointment YAM BK is also suitable for treating ringworm in dogs. There are a large number of veterinary drugs based on clotrimazole (Sanoderm, Fungin). Well proven in the fight against fungal skin lesions in dogs means Imaverol.
Miconazole Ointment - a synthetic drug with a pronounced antifungal and antibacterial effect against a wide range of pathogens. Miconazole is applied in a thin layer in the morning and evening on the affected skin of the dog. Treatment of ringworm in a dog continues for 3-6 weeks until full recovery. Side effects in the case of the correct use of the drug is not observed. Allergic reactions are possible with individual intolerance to the components of the drug.
Clotrimazole Ointment - an effective synthetic medicinal product intended for the treatment of various kinds of mycoses, including and ringworm in dogs. Clotrimazole is applied 2-3 times a day on the affected skin surface and continue to apply for 4 weeks or more until full recovery. Side effects in the case of the correct use of the drug is not observed. Allergic reactions are possible with individual intolerance to the components of the drug.
Sanoderm - a complex veterinary drug based on betamethasone, gentamicin and clotrimazole. Бетаметазон обладает мощным антигистаминным и противовоспалительным действием, гентамицин – антибиотик широкого спектра бактерицидного воздействия, а клотримазол – антигрибковый компонент. Санодерм применяют 1-2 раза в сутки, нанося тонким слоем на места, поражённые лишаём в течение 2-4 недель.The drug is not recommended to continue to use in the absence of positive dynamics of treatment of the disease. With caution apply ointment in violation of the liver and adrenal glands in the dog. Sanoderm is quite a strong and toxic agent for the dog's body. Be sure to consult your veterinarian before use.
Fungin - antifungal veterinary drug, based on clotrimazole with the addition of glycerin and propolis. Glycerin and propolis, which are part of this drug, not only enhance the antimycotic action of clotrimazole, but also relieve irritation and have a beneficial effect on the skin in the areas of damage, restoring and healing it. They release Fungin in the form of a spray, which is sprayed on the affected skin, or apply a dressing soaked in this solution for 1.5-2 weeks. Fungin refers to non-toxic, and therefore preferred, means of dealing with ringworm in dogs.
Imaverol - a substance containing in the composition as an active antimycotic component of Enilconazole. This drug is available in liquid form and is recommended for use in diluted form in the ratio of 1/50. In 500 ml of warm water dilute 10 ml of Imaverol. This solution is used to treat fungal-affected areas of the dog’s skin at intervals of 3 days. All you need to spend 4 processing. The preparation divorced in the necessary proportions is rubbed into the affected skin, also accurate immersion of a dog in capacity with active substance is also admissible. This emulsion is used in the same proportions for the treatment of the room where the sick animal.
Soaking lichen in dogs
The soothing lichen in dogs has the following signs (plus photo):
- This inflamed and gradually growing balding spot, hot to the touch. The stain in appearance at first resembles a burn.
- Next, the affected area is covered with small abscesses and a rash.
- After some time, small bubbles begin to burst, and purulent contents follow from them. By this time, the hair on the affected area falls out completely, and the skin becomes covered with purulent mucus, subsequently the formation of crusts, consisting of dead skin of the upper horn layer, begins.
Without proper treatment for weeping licking inflammation, it quickly grows and spreads throughout the dog's body. The animal may comb or lick affected areas. It is characteristic that the weeping person in dogs is not contagious to humans.
In general, weeping eczema cannot be called fully deprived; rather, it is an inflammatory skin disease caused by problems with hygiene, improper care of an animal, or a decline in immunity due to stress or endocrine disorder.
Treatment for licking lichen
How to treat dog weeping? If you find the first signs of the disease, you should contact your veterinarian, who will prescribe a course of treatment. It should be noted that it is very difficult to completely cure a dog that has weeping. The slightest deviation from the course of treatment, and eczema again spreads throughout the body. In this regard, the approach to the treatment of this disease should be comprehensive and take place under the supervision of a specialist. As a general rule, first you need to install an allergen, which provoked the appearance of eczema in a pet.
How does the infection occur?
Photo depriving dogs
Fungal spores are among the most resistant microorganisms to various conditions and can live in a wide variety of environments, so even outside the body they remain viable for many months and even years. The most beneficial for mushrooms is wet weather with high humidity, in which case they begin to multiply rapidly, affecting the upper layers of animal skin.
A dog infected with a lichen becomes dangerous for its environment. He is able to infect not only his relatives, but also man. Deprive is transmitted during contact with sick dogs.
Experienced dog breeders know that they should walk their pet with proven domestic dogs, and by all means avoid contact with stray dogs and cats.
Also deprived of a pet can become infected while lying on someone else's bed, eating from the plate of a sick animal, or even playing with his toys. The source of the disease can be and ammunition lichen dog.
Factors that increase the risk of infection
There are a number of conditions that favor the development of an infection in an animal. All of them, above all, affect the immune forces of the body:
- gestation and subsequent raising of offspring,
- poor diet,
- recent disease caused by viruses,
- age - most often lichen infected young and dogs older than 8 years old,
- diseases caused by oncology.
The main signs of depriving dogs
First of all, the disease gives itself off by the appearance of skin rashes that can appear in any place or area of the body. With the development of infection, the area of the lesion increases significantly, the skin becomes covered with crusts of a reddish hue, and hair begins to fall out intensively. Absolutely bald bald spots appear on the body, with clear boundaries. With advanced stages of the disease, purulent exudate flows out from under the crusts.
This is what a dog's ringworm looks like - Photo
Deprive, as a rule, is accompanied by severe itching, forcing the pet to comb the affected areas to the blood. If the pet is not shown to the veterinarian in a timely manner, then the following warning signs of depriving the dog should be expected:
- the appearance on the skin of inflamed color spots, which are quite peeling,
- severe hair loss, which can lead to complete baldness, this symptom appears due to severe damage to the hair follicles,
- Pets infected with lichen, become inactive, lethargic, often fall ill.
Lichen species in dogs and their signs
There are several main types of lichens developing in pets:
- Pink lichen. It is considered one of the most dangerous types of lichen, threatening the health of the dog. The development of the disease begins with the appearance of the 1st spot, which is called the maternal plaque. After it occurs a branch of other spots, which are foci of infection. The plaques have a rounded shape, about 2 cm in diameter, the color of the affected tissues is yellowish-pink. This form of lichen is characterized by severe itching, so the dog is constantly itching. Independent resolution of scaly lesions 4-6 weeks after the appearance of the first lesion is possible.
- Ringworm or shingles in dogs. This type of lichen is able to affect any part of the pet's body - body, paws, paw pads, nose, claws. You can find out the disease by round or oval spots, intensively affecting the pet's skin. The foci of infection are covered with scales, which grow bald and bother the animal with unbearable itching. Looking closely at the affected areas, you can see hairs that seemed to be cut with scissors. Due to this symptom, pathology got its name.
- Soaking lichen. Not an infectious disease of the skin. It develops on the background of allergic manifestations and is inflammatory. The main signs of the disease are tissue edema, rash all over the body. The affected areas give the animal considerable discomfort in the form of burning and itching. Spots appear on the dog’s torso, the shade of the affected tissues varies from pale pink to blue. Also, the weeping lichen look is manifested in the form of skin cracking, blisters, and the damaged areas are subsequently covered with crusts.
- Pityriasis versicolor. A fairly common reason for treating dog owners to a veterinarian. Initially, the disease manifests itself in the form of a small pink spot. At this stage, the disease proceeds without other symptoms. Later, foci appear on different parts of the body. They acquire a painful color - yellowish or brown.
- Shingles. The causative agent of this type of lichen infection is the herpes virus. The initial stage of the disease is accompanied by itching in the abdomen and ribs. Later on the papules appear on the skin with liquid contents. Subsequently, they burst and become covered with crusts. In the later stages, the disease also affects the rest of the body.
As soon as the primary signs of depriving are detected, the pet should be kept separate until the pathogen is identified. For disinfection, it is necessary to treat the habitat of the dog with chlorine-containing agents.
Treatment for lichen in dogs
Only using the complex therapy, you can save the four-legged friend from depriving. To facilitate the use of external means it is necessary to cut the hair near the affected areas.
Standard care for damaged skin that includes the following manipulations:
- it is necessary to wash the skin with warm water,
- wipe damaged tissue with iodine,
- make treatment with drugs with antimycotic action - Zoomicol, Mikozolon and others.
Care should be taken to ensure that the pet does not lick off the medicinal products from the skin. It is possible to use a veterinary collar for this purpose.
Veterinary collar for dogs
To cure ringworm in a dog, it is necessary to use stronger drugs with antifungal action: Itraconazole, Yuglon, Dermatol, etc.
To support the work of the liver, a simultaneous reception of hepatoprotective agents is prescribed.
It is highly effective in treating dogs with deprive of vaccine injections — Vacderm, Mentavac, etc. Drugs are intended for intramuscular administration, the course is calculated individually by a veterinarian. The term of this therapy varies from 2 to 2.5 months, and the result depends on the degree of development of the disease.
With the exacerbation of the disease, the dog begins intensive hair loss in shreds. Multiple bald spots can appear on the body, but their absence is also possible. In this situation, it is recommended to wash the pet with shampoos with antifungal effects - Nizoral, Dermazole, Kenazole, Imaverol, etc. These products have a mild, gentle action, but they must be applied according to the attached instructions.
To avoid allergies to medications, veterinarians prescribe the simultaneous use of antihistamine drugs (Tavegil, Suprastin, Diazolin, Dimedrol, etc.)
After vaccination, the pet may deteriorate. However, this is a completely standard state - the body naturally fights against pathogens that have penetrated with the vaccine.
In addition to the activation of protective mechanisms, special attention is paid to supporting the immunity of the animal and improving the general condition. For this, doctors can prescribe the funds of the following groups:
- probiotics (normalize the activities of the digestive tract),
- immunomodulators (Katozal, Glykopin, Ribotan, Immunofan, etc),
- vitamin complexes (Aminovit, Gamavit, Placentol and others).
To eliminate the causative agent of the disease - the fungus itself, spray Fungin and Yam is applied in the form of an ointment. Apply them not only on the affected tissue, but also around the hearth, capturing healthy areas. To facilitate the application, it is recommended to trim the coat in the affected area.
For local treatment, salicylic acid or iodine is used prior to the use of external agents. But this can be done only after the recommendation of a specialist, since improper use can cause necrosis of the surface of the dermis.
In modern veterinary medicine, there are no standard depriving treatment regimens, since the causative agents of the disease constantly mutate. New strains of parasitic microorganisms are becoming more resistant to previously used substances, they adapt to the new environment arising on the background of drugs.
However, the disease is still treatable; this requires a timely visit to a specialist and a full comprehensive examination. An experienced veterinarian will make a treatment plan individually, based on the results obtained and the degree of development of the disease. For the owners it’s important not to miss the first alarm bells. Hopefully we told you how to treat a shingles in a dog.
Ways of transmitting the disease
A dog may become infected with a dog during a walk when it comes into contact with a sick dog, as well as if a brush or comb of a sick animal was used. Some animals may not be sick with the disease, but be his carriers. A dog can get infected almost everywhere. It is important to bear in mind that depriving pathogens are very tenacious, some fungi can live in natural conditions for up to 18 months.
Some types of lichen in dogs can be very dangerous for humans. There are several varieties of depriving, so in order to cure the ringworm of a pet as quickly as possible, you need to determine the type of the disease. Since the versicolor is transmitted from the dog to other animals and even to humans, treatment should begin as soon as possible. To begin, consider the general signs of this disease, learn how to determine its appearance, and then find out what measures should be taken to combat this unpleasant disease at home.
What looks like shingles in dogs
It is not difficult to identify a lichen, but most owners notice this disease only when there are already pronounced spots with fallen hair on the skin. The first signs of lichen is not so easy to determine, it is a barely noticeable skin rash. In most cases, the ringworm in dogs is manifested on the nose, on the muzzle, in the area of the ears and on the tail. Here are the common symptoms of depriving: a rash, spots on the skin, hair loss at the site of the rash and the formation of a crust. Next, consider each type of depriving, because each of them manifests itself in different ways.
The causes of depriving the dogs are different, therefore, the types of depriving are also different. Some symptoms may vary, such as the color of the spots, their size and nature. The treatment is also not the same. To cure a pet as soon as possible, you must first determine the type of depriving, and only then choose a treatment.
Deprive in dogs: signs and treatment
This is the most harmless kind of lichen that causes fungus. This lichen is not even necessary to treat, it passes itself in 5-6 weeks. It differs in the formation of round pink spots that itch a lot and then peel off. To quickly eliminate the symptoms, you just need to avoid water treatments and walk your pet in the shade. In extreme cases, you can wipe the affected areas with apple cider vinegar.
Shorn versicolor in dogs, treatment
This is a dangerous skin disease caused by a fungus. This kind of lichen quickly attacks the body of the animal. At the beginning, oval spots about two centimeters in diameter appear, later the wool on these places disappears and the skin is covered with scales. The dog needs urgent treatment. Scalp and ears are most affected.
Pityriasis (varicolored) versicolor
This disease, as well as ringworm, is caused by a fungus. Pityriasis versicolor - the most common type of disease. A small pinkish spot appears on the animal's skin, without inflammation. The location of the lesion varies from yellow to brown. Most often spots appear on the neck, back and paws.
This is an inflammation of the skin, the second name of which is eczema. This is a kind of allergy, so it is not transmitted to other animals or humans. On areas with a rash, swelling appears, then there is a burning and itching. Redness, bubbles, scabs, cracks and stains from pink to bluish color are possible.
There is versicolor caused by the herpes virus. First, the animal appears itchy in the intercostal space and belly, sometimes on the back and legs. After that, bubbles with a liquid are formed, which over time burst and, drying out, become covered with a crust.
Deprive in dogs: symptoms and how to treat
Pink versicolor can be cured independently at home with folk remedies. For the treatment of ringworm will have to use ointments and antifungal drugs. If the ointment can be purchased without consulting a doctor, then it is better to purchase antifungal agent after a vet examination. It is important to know that you have to begin to treat the lichen immediately after its detection, otherwise terrible and irreparable consequences are possible. It is best to suspect the disease to take the animal to the veterinarian, who will accurately determine the type of deprivation and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
Now we will analyze how to treat versicolor in dogs at home. Perhaps our advice will be able to help. First, it is necessary to shave all the hair on and around the affected area. Next, you need to make a warm soap solution and treat the crusts on the skin until they soften, then you need to carefully remove them and treat the spots with iodine or brilliant green. This procedure requires a repetition every two days. If at home there is neither iodine, nor brilliant green, instead of them it is allowed to use sulfuric ointment or even antifungal agents intended for the treatment of humans. Then you should carefully read the instructions to know the frequency of repetition of the procedure. Removed crusts and trimmed wool must necessarily be burned, and the depriving treatment site must be thoroughly disinfected.
Ointment for depriving
If you are not aware of the remedies that can be used to treat depriving, we provide you with a list of possible drugs:
Обрабатывать лишай мазью нужно 2-3 раза в сутки, нанося ее тонким слоем на место поражения лишаем и на кожу, окружающую его. Такие мази обычно используются при небольших поражениях кожного покрова. When the presence of bald patches is noticeable on the skin, Clotrimazole, Exoderil or Miconazole is prescribed. It is very important to cut the wool. It is necessary to ensure that the animal does not lick ointment, so it is important to purchase a special protective collar.
Sometimes a solution of "Clotrimazole", salicylic acid or iodine solution is prescribed for treatment. But they need to be taken carefully and as prescribed by a doctor, as it is possible to cause tissue necrosis, which will complicate the treatment process.
But it happens that the bald patches are quite a large number, or they are not there at all, but the wool creeps up. Then special shampoo from depriving, for example, "Keto plus" is used. On the package there is an instruction with detailed information about the frequency of use. With it you need to carefully read. Typically, these shampoos are used 3-5 times with a break of two days. It is necessary to completely wash off the foam with a large amount of water, since if the product gets into the dog's stomach, serious poisoning can occur.
If the animal's hair is shaved off, then it is necessary to purchase an overalls for walking, because staying outside without wool leads to overcooling of the body and a significant decrease in immunity.
- Perhaps the appointment of tablets for large skin lesions, as well as if the fungus did not respond to ointments and other drugs. Usually, specialists are prescribed Fluconazole, Griseofulvin, Ketoconazole or Intraconazole. Hepatoprotectors, special drugs that protect the animal's liver from the side effects of drugs are prescribed along with the pills.
- Immunomodulators will not be redundant in the treatment of lichen in dogs. If a dog has picked up a lichen, it means that its body is currently weakened and most susceptible to all sorts of diseases, therefore its immunity needs help.
- Antibiotics. A secondary infection, which is picked up due to a weakened immunity, needs treatment, therefore, in such cases antibiotics are prescribed. Without the use of antibiotics, versicolor contributes to the reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms such as staphylococci and streptococci, as a result of which wounds fester, and an inflammatory process develops. Then the treatment becomes useless and the condition of the animal worsens even more. Only a veterinarian can prescribe antibiotics, in serious cases it is not worth self-medication.
- Vaccination. This is an ambiguous method of treatment, more prophylactic. This is due to the fact that at this time there are no definite drugs for the treatment of lichen. All vaccines are experimental methods. Many dog owners refuse vaccination because dogs do not tolerate them well, and the pathogen becomes more resistant to drugs. Therefore, in the early stages of the disease is not recommended to vaccinate the dog.
Home Safety Precautions
It is important to consider that there is a certain risk group that is most susceptible to this disease. This group includes puppies, old animals and animals that have suffered any disease, which means that their immunity is weakened. It is necessary to isolate the sick animal from children, the elderly, and people who have lowered immunity, as well as other pets. All family members must follow the rules of personal hygiene. In the room where the sick animal is located, it is necessary to carry out regular wet cleaning with disinfectants and airing the room. It is important to disinfect all items with which the sick dog has contact. Make sure that the dog does not scratch or lick the treated areas, for this you can wrap sections with gauze, bandages, or purchase a special protective collar. Dietary supplements and vitamins must be added to the diet of the animal - this will help strengthen the immune system.
Any disease is easier to warn in advance than to spend time, effort and money on drugs. To do this, just remember the rules of prevention and safety.
The basic rules of preventive measures are:
- Daily you need to carry out wet cleaning with the use of disinfectants, regularly ventilate.
- Regular water procedures for your pet, including washing the paws after each walk.
- Keep dogs away from infected and stray animals.
- Provide your dog with good nutrition with the addition of vitamins and essential trace elements to the diet.
- Ensure the hygienic maintenance of the dog in the living room, provide it with its own sleeping place, regularly comb it out with specialized brushes for dogs.
- To carry out preventive measures for the treatment of an animal from skin parasites (special drops, flea and tick collars).
An effective preventive measure is considered timely anti-infective vaccination with a mark in the passport of the animal. Such vaccinations can save the animal from the appearance of depriving. After this vaccination, the dog may deteriorate health and general condition, but this reaction is considered normal. When the ailments pass, the dog's immunity will increase significantly.
Ways of transmission and infection of the dog is deprived
What is deprive, more precisely, what diseases are called deprive. In general, lichen is a skin disease of fungal origin. For unknown reasons, there appeared "popular names" with the prefix "deprive", which denote diseases that are absolutely not associated with fungi, but we will deal with this a little lower.
Deprive of fungal origin - it is an "omnipresent" disease, from which it is impossible to protect themselves. The good news is that as long as the body of an animal or person is healthy, fungi are not afraid of it. These invisible parasites begin to attack the body when the immune defense is reduced. Fungi actively grow and develop only when they are warm, humid and have something to eat.
Ways of transmission and infection of lichen are very diverse. Spores of fungi can be inseminated plants, soil, and absolutely any objects from your environment. However, in order for disputes to appear in one place or another, they must be “brought” by infected media.. Following this logic, the root cause of the infection is the infected animal or person.
Is it versicolor from dog to person
Is it versicolor from dog to man? The answer depends on the type of depriving:
- Ringworm is one of the few common diseases of humans and domestic animals. Ringworm is often confused with scabies, which is caused by subcutaneous mites and is also a common disease for people and animals.
- Both people and animals can get sick with a wet lichen, but they are not infected from each other.
- Pink lichen can occur in both people and animals, but the origin in both cases is different.
- Pityriasis versicolor is only a four-legged disease, but people also have a similar skin disease.
- Shingles is an exclusively human disease, but herpes can produce similar symptoms in dogs.
As you can see, it is not so easy to catch a pet from a pet. The only type of disease that is truly contagious and quickly spread is ringworm. However, regardless of the type and origin of depriving, a person can become infected from a pet only if there is a significant reduction in the body's immune defense.
Ringworm or ringworm in dogs
Ringworm or ringworm has a fungal nature. Infection occurs through direct contact with spores against a background of weakened immunity. It is important to note that a variety of factors can have a negative effect on immunity, from poor-quality nutrition to hot weather.
Ringworm develops rapidly, acutely, and is transmitted to humans. Oddly enough, the record holder carriers of ringworm are stray cats. It is from them that dogs are most often infected while walking.
If the dog is sick with ringworm, it is likely to infect your other pets and all family members, so it is extremely important to observe the conditions of the septic tank and adhere to quarantine.
Wet lichen (eczema, weeping dermatitis)
A wet lichen does not always have a fungal nature. A skin affliction develops on the background of injury when a dog itches. Injured skin is inseminated and replaced by bacteria, fungi and other germs. As a result, in place of combing, a weeping wound appears that does not respond to local treatment. Lichen or eczema can cause discomfort to the dog for many years. The wound may not heal for months or recur from season to season.
The owner can not be infected from the dog with a lichen weeping, although a similar skin lesion in humans is quite possible. If weeping eczema has a fungal nature, there is a rapid development of the clinical picture and the spread of lesions.
Pink lichen in dogs
Pink versicolor is a skin lesion that can occur on the background of an infection, allergy or hereditary factors. Communication pink lichen and fungi is not proven. Moreover, this species of lichen is the least studied, since it is not contagious and does not threaten the life of the dog.
Pink lichen occurs due to skin injury. The dog may injure the skin during a walk or due to obsessive itching. If in the course of the study there were no illnesses that provoke itching and inflammation of the tissues, pink psoriasis is treated symptomatically.
Pityriasis versicolor versicolor
Pityriasis versicolor versicolor has a fungal nature. The problem is that the pathogen is constantly living on the skin of a healthy dog. The attack of fungi begins if there are appropriate conditions for their development: high temperature, humidity and a sufficient amount of food.
Experience shows that dogs suffer from pityriasis versicolor due to lack of care, imbalance in the diet or recently suffered ailments. In order for the fungi to create a favorable atmosphere, the body’s immune defenses must be significantly reduced.
Shingles (viral herpes) versicolor
Shingles in dogs is the "popular name" of herpes virus, or rather the symptoms of its course. When running a herpes virus, the dog develops a skin lesion, which “results” in large, reddened spots. Unfortunately, puppies are generally sick with viral herpes and it is almost impossible to cure them.
At the age of 3 weeks, when infected with herpes virus, almost all puppies die. At the age of 3 weeks after infection with viral herpes, puppies die or recover, but they have impaired development of the central nervous system.
Adult dogs also suffer from viral herpes, but the course of the disease is often asymptomatic. This factor is a particular danger, because viral herpes is transmitted by contact and airborne droplets.
Note! An adult dog may experience overt symptoms of viral herpes, including shingles, with a significant decrease in the body’s immune defenses.
Symptoms and signs of depriving dogs
Symptoms and signs of lichen can vary depending on the type. Whatever kind of deciding your pet does not get sick, it is important to understand that the illness developed as a result of weakening the body. There may be many reasons, but therapy, regardless of them, must be complex.
Common symptoms for all types of lichen:
- Restless sleep, apathy, fatigue.
- Perverted appetite - the dog constantly asks for a sweet, high-calorie meal, because this rap requires fungi. Possible failure of food on the background of stress or fever.
- Nervousness on the background of severe itching.
- Increased temperature in all cases except shingles.
- Pale mucous membranes.
Symptoms of ringworm or ringworm:
- The formation of lesions in oval areas of the skin of which falls wool. Contrary to popular belief, the wool does not break, but falls out together with the bulb, since ringworm fungus affects the hair follicles.
- Itching and scratching of the affected skin.
- With no treatment, literally after a few days, the spots begin to get wet.
- The rapid progression of the disease, an increase in the areas of the affected skin, the appearance of new lesions.
Symptoms of licking lichen:
- The formation of one or more large wounds on the face, head, neck or at the base of the tail.
- Severe itching.
- Permanent allocation of ichor from wounds, and if untreated, bleeding is observed.
Symptoms of pink lichen:
- The appearance of numerous patches of skin without wool. The overall picture is more like a rash.
- Increased skin pigmentation from pink to red.
- The size of the spots is not more than 2 cm in diameter, but most often the affected areas are smaller.
- Dry, yellowed skin in the center of the spots without wool.
- After 3-4 days without treatment, pronounced desquamation and increased itching.
- After 7 days 10 days without treatment - an increase in the area of skin lesions.
Symptoms of scaly or multicolor lichen:
- Almost always elevated body temperature.
- The appearance of large areas of affected skin throughout the body, which falls on the hair.
- Pigmentation of the affected areas of the body from brown to bright pink.
- Severe peeling of the skin.
- After 3-4 days without treatment, the affected skin begins to get wet.
- After 7–10 days without treatment, the affected skin areas become inflamed, as a result of which the course of the disease may become purulent.
Viral herpes in dogs is asymptomatic to a weakening of the body’s immune defenses. If the adult dog has obvious symptoms of herpes virus, this is considered an acute, critical situation.
A symptom called shingles is expressed as follows:
- The appearance of large spots without hair on the face, in the ear, on the back of the head and on the neck.
- During the day - the spots become inflamed, swell, the local body temperature rises.
- Within a few days, the spots start to peel off and the dogs develop severe itching.
- Against the background of skin injury, the affected areas of the body are infected for the second time, purulent inflammation develops, and tissue necrosis is possible.
As you can see, the clinical picture of the flow of different types of lichen is very different. Moreover, the therapy that helps your pet recover is completely different. If you are not sure that your dog has versicolor or that it has been in contact with the carrier, it is best to contact your veterinarian for an accurate diagnosis.
What is the incubation period and why is it important to consider?
The incubation period is the period during which the disease can develop without any signs or symptoms. If we are talking about viral or infectious diseases, during the entire incubation period, the carrier may be contagious.
When considering a situation with deprivation, the prognosis depends on the type of pathogen:
- Ringworm or ringworm - the incubation period is from 3 to 12 days.
- Lichen versicolor - the incubation period is 3-4 days from the time the skin is damaged.
- Pink lichen - the duration of the incubation period is unknown.
- Pityriasis versus versicolor versicolor - the duration of the incubation period is unknown.
- Shingles (viral herpes) versicolor - the duration of the incubation period is unknown.
It is extremely important to remember the incubative period of ringworm, because it presents the most danger and brings enough discomfort to both pets and owners. In all other cases, even if the dog fell ill and was in contact with healthy animals during the incubation period, it is not contagious.
Despite the comparative safety of the above mentioned ailments, veterinarians recommend adhering to the rules of asepsis and personal hygiene, since it is almost impossible to establish which process “launched” development depriving.
How does dog versicolor look and manifest?
How does dog versicolor look and manifest? It all depends on the type, extent and area of damage. Experience shows that all types of lichen, except ringworm, primarily affect the face or head. Focusing on the visual symptoms and dynamics of the clinical picture, you can make a more accurate history for diagnosis and treatment.
How the skin lesions look at different types of lichen described above. For a more accurate diagnosis, it is desirable to know on which parts of the body the spots appeared earlier. In addition, the lichen is a fungal disease, so the dog's body can overcome it on its own. If some blemishes appear and disappear without interference, the affected skin areas must be controlled, since a relapse, after the start of treatment, is practically guaranteed.
Deprive on the nose
Deprive on the nose usually leads to the appearance of round spots right on the back of the nose. Since in this area the blood vessels closely adhere to the surface of the skin, the spots quickly become red and hot. If untreated, suckling starts to stand out from the spots.
Nose is covered with mucous membrane, which is very vulnerable to inflammation and fungal infection. If untreated, the affected skin quickly grows and affects the mucous membrane. The rapid progression of the disease is due to fever and increased blood supply to the skin.
При появлении пятен без шерсти и царапин на ушах собаки, важно не ошибиться с диагнозом. При ушном клеще, зуд заставляет собаку чесаться, что приводит к обламыванию шерсти. В случае с лишаем, шерсть выпадает вместе с волосяными фолликулами.
The fungal infection on the ears quickly spreads in size as the temperature of this area of the body is elevated. There is practically no fat between the skin and blood vessels in the ear area, so they are actively supplied with blood, which gives fungi an additional stimulus for growth and reproduction.
Fungal lesions on the face, most often, are the first symptom of depriving dogs. Usually, spots appear on the lips, chin and immediately behind the cheekbones. As the spots itch and the dog injures the skin with its claws, the area of the lesion is rapidly increasing.
In addition, if the spots appeared on the lips or nose, most dogs will be able to lick them. Moisturizing the skin areas affected by the fungus leads to an immediate aggravation of the clinical picture. Spots on the forehead, cheekbones and face of the muzzle, occur when a sharp decrease in immune protection, for example, due to severe stress in the background of any disease.
On the back and body, fungus-affected areas of the skin appear last. However, in rare cases, the first spots associated with fungal infection appear not on the face, but at the base of the tail (on the back). Especially often this symptom is missed during the molting period, when the dog's undercoat is not completely removed.
Spots of the affected skin on the back and the body, most often, occur with a scaly, pink and weeping solution. Note that the lesion on the body, formed as a result of fungal activity, is not as dangerous as the spots on the face and mucous membranes. Usually, the situation can be stopped by regular treatment with antifungal ointments and diet.
Lick stains on the dog's belly appear immediately after foci on the muzzle. Fungal lesion spreads including contact, when the dog licks the spore belly, falls on the open, moist and hot skin. If the body’s immune defenses are weakened, the fungi begin to develop, leading to the appearance of visual symptoms.
Licking stains on the stomach can be quickly stopped, provided the dog is kept clean. To defeat does not spread along the body, it is better to use an Elizabethan collar. In addition, by licking the abdomen, the dog can “add” disease-causing fungi to the mucous membranes of the mouth.
If lichen spots appeared only on the tail, we can assume that your pet is lucky. The tail of dogs is covered with coarse skin, the temperature of which is comparatively reduced. Noticing the first symptoms, it is important to prevent the spread of the fungus to the base of the tail and the anus.
At the base of the tail is the “weak spot” of all dogs, so if fungi get there, the lichen will most likely recur even after complete recovery. With the defeat of the anus, fungi attack the mucous membranes, and this is fraught with the rapid development of inflammation.
Deprive Dogs - Home Treatment
Diagnosing fungal skin lesions is better to trust the vet. After establishing the diagnosis, on the spot, the veterinarian will perform manipulations that will facilitate the clinical picture. Most often, doctors use antihistamines or corticosteroids to relieve itching, ointments or sprays are applied topically, which quickly relieve swelling and pain. After visiting the veterinary clinic, it is important to receive detailed appointments for further treatment at home.
Regardless of the type of fungus that struck your pet’s skin, the disease must be treated responsibly. Follow all veterinarian recommendations, because if you stop treatment, when the visual symptoms disappear, the disease will resume, and quickly.
Important! Failure to comply with the terms of treatment and instructions of the veterinarian can lead to the re-development of fungal skin lesions, and for some dogs relapses become lifelong.
How to choose antifungal drugs
Antifungal and complex therapy is used to treat herpes. It is important to understand that it is simply useless to fight fungi with antibiotics, antiviral drugs and other drugs. The fungus is affected by specific substances that inhibit the activity of the culture and neutralize spores.
In case of extensive fungal infection, it is necessary to act in advance. The most serious therapeutic effect have antifungal pills that must be given to the dog before meals or during feeding. It is important to understand that the stronger the antifungal drug, the greater the burden on the liver.
For the treatment of depriving dogs, tablets are used which are intended for the treatment of fungal infections in humans. The dosage is calculated by the veterinarian. Many of the following drugs are analogues, that is, they can be replaced with each other:
Important! When treating lichen in dogs, only one course of pills is administered. If the treatment did not help or the disease recurred for some reason, local therapy is prescribed.
For the local treatment of the affected areas of the body using an ointment with antifungal effect. The minus of ointments is that their dosage is difficult to calculate and for large lesions, the risk of intoxication increases. The advantages of ointments are that they create a film that does not allow oxygen and literally smothers the fungal culture.
For treating depriving dogs, you can use the following ointments, Many of them you will find in ordinary pharmacies:
- Mazya Yam.
- Ointment Yam Fungibak.
- Beila Wei Skin Cream.
Note! Treatment with antifungal ointments is not more than 3-4 times a day. If the pet's skin becomes wet or flaky, in between, it is better to treat the affected areas with folk remedies.
When we deprive the person of contact with water is contraindicated, if we are not talking about bathing with antifungal shampoo. For therapeutic purposes, shampoos containing the active active ingredient in high concentrations are used. The curative effect is not in the shampoo itself, but in its foam, which must be kept on the wool for at least 5–10 minutes.
Most antifungal shampoos are designed for humans, so their concentration is too high. Before use, the shampoo is diluted in water to obtain a 50 or 10 percent solution. Judging by the reviews of the owners, the following shampoos help in the fight against lichen in dogs:
Note! When treating a dog for depriving people with antifungal shampoos, there is a risk of intoxication. Before using the shampoo, be sure to consult a veterinarian if the affected skin in diameter exceeds 3–4 cm.
Antifungal spray is the safest medicament form of active substances in the treatment of depriving a dog. By spraying, the active ingredients cover the skin with a very thin layer, which significantly reduces the risk of intoxication. To treatment with antifungal sprays, it is recommended to resort to owners of small, weakened or convalescent dogs.
Unfortunately, the range of antifungal sprays is not rich:
When processing an antifungal spray there is a risk of inhalation of the drug.
If the spray got on the mucous membranes, you or the dog inadvertently inhaled the sprayed preparation, you must carefully monitor the clinical picture. If the dosage of the active substances inhaled respiratory tract is small, mild dizziness may be observed. In case of contact with mucous membranes, they must be thoroughly rinsed with water.
When are antibiotics needed in depriving dogs?
Contrary to logic, many owners believe that antibiotics help to prevent it. Antibiotics only affect bacteria, as is evident from their name. The mindless use of such strong agents can aggravate the health of the dog due to dysbacteriosis.
Broad spectrum antibiotics are really necessary if the spots of the skin affected by the fungus have been infected.
Again, the drug will work if the infection is bacterial in nature. If a dog’s health worsens due to a viral illness or suppression of the body’s immune defenses, antibiotics will aggravate the situation.
Folk remedies treatment - iodine, brilliant green, birch tar
Many owners consider it to be a harmless disease that does not require medical treatment and use exceptional folk remedies. Innocent fungal skin lesions just can not be called, because it can turn into a chronic form, and in some cases, be fatal.
When infected with ringworm, the affected areas of the body can be treated with iodine once a day. In addition to the disinfecting effect, iodine cauterizes the wound and destroys the spores of the fungus. Birch tar perfectly helps to relieve irritation and speed up recovery if the lichen is caused by dermatitis, especially flea.
Note! Zelenka is toxic for dogs!
It is important to understand that absolutely all folk remedies in great concentration can harm a dog! Any medicine, even the most wonderful panacea, with an overdose, becomes poison.
Carefully track changes in the state of health of your pet! If the dog has an allergic reaction or other symptoms that are not associated with fungal infections of the skin, immediately stop using folk remedies and consult a veterinarian for advice.