The sea cock is a predatory fish belonging to the order of scorpiform. Its second name is trigla. It can be simultaneously considered ugly and beautiful and, without a doubt, exotic. Her pectoral fins are large, resemble wings. Three finger-like “feathers” unrelated to each other, so-called "legs". The head is large, flattened at the sides. A huge mouth with a split upper lip, hanging over the bottom, is located across the head. The huge forehead is not typical for fish. Her eyes are large, mobile, above them there are sharp thorns that perform a protective function.
The sea cock has a spindle-shaped body. Along it, spines stretch in two lines, between which there is a dorsal fin consisting of a high barbed front part and a short one reaching to the tail of the back. Bifurcated tail well developed.
In color, there is a predominance of brick-red flowers, and closer to the tail - brown. The abdominal region is silvery white or light pink. Gill fins when folded down reach the tail, outside they are the same color as the belly. In expanded form, the upper surface in lilac tones turns into mauve. There is a blue border on the edge of the fins. That such an unusual appearance has a sea cock. The photo shows all its non-standard.
"Legs" of his are indispensable during the hunt for sedentary organisms. The predator also hunts fish, as a rule, at a depth of about 20 m. While waiting for the prey, the sea cock lays on the bottom or climbs into the algae. Red mullet, digging in the sand, and shrimp - the best food for him. Seeing the prey, he rushes at her with lightning speed, pushing himself off from the bottom with his feet. With the rapid movement of the fins are folded and do not interfere. Having filled his belly, exotic fish is resting in seaweed.
The sea cock not only floats, but also flies. Wanting to drive small fish, he jumped out of the water, dissolves the "wings" and flies over the surface of the sea. Overcoming 15-18 meters, he falls into the water with splashes. Flight speed reaches 40 km / h.
Surprisingly, the sea cock is capable of making sounds similar to snoring, grunting, rumbling or grumbling. This he gives his location. Sounds he publishes throughout the year, and not only in the mating season and spawning. For this ability he is also called sea cuckoo.
Males of the sea cock become sexually mature by three years, females - by four. They spawn in the summer at a depth of 15-20 m. Females spawn several times (up to 4) per season. The eggs can be up to 14 thousand, they mature for a week, then the fry hatch. Incredibly, cubs at the age of 2-3 weeks are exact copies of the parents. Young animals lead near-bottom lifestyle.
The rooster can grow to 75 cm and reach 5.5 kg. But in the Black Sea, as a rule, specimens of up to 35 cm long and weighing up to 1 kg are caught.
Fish usually stay in flocks at a depth of 5 to 60 m. Preference is given to areas of the sea with sandy bottom and aquatic vegetation. When cold, go to a depth of 100 m.
The French and the Turks consider the meat of the sea cock to be tender, similar in taste to the pair of chicken. Perhaps it was from this that his name originated, and not at all from the appearance and “voice”.
Where did the name of the fish come from?
The sea cock, the photo of which can be viewed in this article, got its name for several reasons:
- This fish can make loud noises.
- Trigla meat to taste is very similar to chicken.
- The fish has fins that resemble wings, and can fly several meters above the water.
- The trigla has six “legs” on which it moves along the bottom. These limbs are more likely to resemble long rays, modified into finger-like appendages.
Description of the sea cock
The sea cock has a conical long body covered with scales with jagged edges. The head is well protected by bone shell, on which there are small spikes. At the tip of the snout there is a pair of protruding bone plates, on which there are 3-4 spikes on each side. There are no transverse stripes on the body.
Trigla (sea rooster) has 2 dorsal fins with different number of spines and rays. The back is covered with 27 small bony plates. Pectoral fins are very beautiful - outside they are purple, inside are blue-green. They are pretty big. Six mobile processes, which serve as a kind of "legs" for the fish, depart from the fins. The anal fin has almost 20 soft rays.
Rooster - fish, photos of which can be viewed in this article, may have several colors. In the Atlantic Ocean, trigla usually has a gray color, sometimes with a brown or reddish tinge. Yellow-white spots are scattered throughout the body. On the first dorsal fin there is a black spot.
In the Mediterranean, the sea cock is red in color or has a brown tint. Dark spot on dorsal fin. Fish differ in both bodies of water and in length. In the Atlantic Ocean, trigla reaches on average up to 50 centimeters (in rare cases up to 90 cm), and in the Mediterranean Sea it reaches up to 30.
Areola and sea cockle habitat
The most common areola of the sea cockerel:
- Indian and Atlantic oceans.
- North, Azov, Marmara, Mediterranean, Black Sea and the western part of the Baltic.
- Strait of the English Channel.
Sea cock - sea fish, bottom. It prefers muddy or sandy bottom. Mostly lives at a depth of 10 to 200 meters. In the warm season triglu can be found at the very banks or in the river beds.
What feeds on and how trigla hunts
The diet for the sea cock is clams, shrimps, small fish and crabs. But the favorite prey is red mullet. Trigla traps this fish, hiding in the algae bordering the open bottom. When the red mullet appears, the sea-cock is pushed off from the bottom by "feet" and in one swift leap overtakes its prey.
Trigla eats several times a day. But it is enough for adult fish to eat once a week. Hunting trigly mainly at a depth of 30 meters. The processes in the form of "legs" are not only for movement along the bottom. It is also the external organs of taste. When the trigla gropes in the bottom of the prey, it makes a lightning shot. Due to its quick response, these fish are considered excellent hunters. Having been fed, the fish rests in the algae thickets, and in the evenings floats to the surface - bask in warm water.
Features of the sea cock
In addition to flying over water, sea roosters have a rare ability to "talk." Trigly often make loud sounds that are perfectly audible above the water. These fish are able to grunt, grumble, rumble and snore. The sounds are so loud that during World War II, they drowned out the noise of enemy boats, making it difficult to know their exact location.
Can the sea cock fly?
Roosters can fly up to 20 meters above the water. With a force jumping out of the water, the trigle flies over a surface of almost 3 seconds. At this time, its fins are dissolved, like wings. Then the fish is immersed in the water with a lot of noise, creating a fountain of spray. Flight speed can reach 40 km / h. Sea cocks fly mainly after a storm, in the evenings, far from the coast. It was at this time that a lot of small fish gather on the surface of the water, for which the trigles hunt.
Reproduction of sea roosters
Sea roosters start spawning from June and continue until the end of August. Depending on the habitat, this period can be from January to September. For spawning fish choose ponds with a sandy bottom. Females are able to spawn four times all summer. An individual in 2 kilograms lays almost 14 thousand eggs. Then ripening begins, and after 7 days fry appear. At the age of two weeks, young trigly very similar to adult fish.
Despite the large number of eggs that females spawn, the sea roosters are getting smaller. The main factors affecting the reduction of the population is the deterioration of the ecological situation and the activity of anglers. Sea roosters are tasty enough, and many gourmets are ready to pay big money for delicacies from trigla. Demand stimulates supply - in some places poachers arrange a targeted hunt for this fish.
What does the sea cock (trigla) look like?
Trigly have an elongated body shape. On the head there are several bony outgrowths - plates.
The body of the sea cock grows in length to 50 - 60 centimeters. The body weight of an average adult is about 5.5 kilograms.
The body of the fish is covered with scales. On the back are two fins. And the fish got its name because of outgrowths on its head, resembling a crest of a rooster.
The name of the fish was due to its "scallop".
The color of the sea roosters is diverse and depends on the habitats of the fish. Fish can have both a yellow body tint and gray. The brightest part of the body can be called the side fins of the sea cock. They are painted on top - in a purple hue, and below - in greenish-blue.
Way of life
These strange underwater creatures have not only an attractive and unusual appearance. They can make sounds like snoring, rumbling, grunting. Scientists jokingly call it crowing.
With the help of bone outgrowths on the face, the sea cock moves along the bottom.
By the way of feeding, the sea cock is a real predator. He does not just pursue his sacrifice, but with great zeal pounce on her, doing something like a jump.
After the sea cock feeds his body with food, he sets off to rest. Usually, he does this by climbing into the seaweed, so that no one would disturb him. When the day is nearing sunset, the rooster fish floats closer to the surface of the water in order to warm up.
Another unique property, which is owned by the sea cock, is the ability to fly. Yes, these fish belong to the category of those who know how to jump at high speed from under the surface and overcome small distances above the water surface. In this, sea roosters are similar to flying fish.
What does a sea cocker feed on?
Since these representatives of ray-finned fish belong to predatory animals, their food is completely based on the absorption of living organisms. Small crustaceans, various mollusks can become prey of the sea cock. These fish also enjoy the other inhabitants of the underwater element, for example, the sultan (a small fish from the goatfish family).
How is the breeding triglovogo fish
Spawning time is in the summer months. The female sea-cock ejects about 200–300 thousand eggs. A week the eggs ripen in water, after which fry of sea roosters are born. It is surprising that even at a young age, small individuals of these fish are like two drops of water similar to their parents.
Sexual maturity in sea roosters comes in 3 - 4 years.
Rooster cocks are valuable commercial fish.
The body of Trigla is elongated, covered with scales, the head is covered with bony or spiny plates. Pectoral fins large, unfolding in the form of fans. At the beginning of the fan-shaped fins there are ray processes, resembling not small legs. The head is large and powerful, the eyes are large and planted in eye sockets that are protected by thorns, similar to the horns. The upper lip hangs over the lower jaw and is divided into two distinct halves.
Color triglovy depends on external conditions, the body is from bright red to gray with stains. The pectoral fins are almost violet on the outside, green inside with a blue tint, and bright blue bands along the edges.
The length of an adult sea cock is about 50 centimeters and weighs up to three kilograms. It happened that in the nets of the fishermen of Anapa there were individuals up to 80 centimeters.
Habits of the sea cock
The sea cock is a bottom inhabitant, at depth it lives and hunts. Trigla populates the seabed up to 70 meters, only young small roosters can walk in shallow water up to two meters.
Trigly females are ready for mating in 3 or 4 years. Spawning occurs in the summer, the female lays several hundred thousand eggs, which float on the surface of the sea and ripen. After hatching, Sea cockerels are ready for adulthood and are as beautiful and agile as their parents.
Roosters, predators and are cunning and intelligent hunters. Trigly's favorite dish is a small fish that feeds on the bottom. A little red mullet doesn’t notice how a predator slowly creeps up to it, using its fin legs on the bottom. Then, when the distance between the victim and the hunter becomes critical, the Sea Rooster makes a sharp push by the tentacles and catches the prey. Also Trigly do not disdain small crustaceans or mollusks.
Scientists have noticed that after stormy weather, Trigles love to drive fish on the surface. Thanks to its large fins, similar to the wings, the sea cock flies over the water and can fly a dozen meters.
You must know that the sea roosters are listed in the Red Book. In Anapa, fish tours and excursions are practiced; if you catch a rare fish on a hook, you should carefully release and release a rare animal.