The British, who created this breed, believe that Pointers are reference, classic, almost perfect dogs. They are physically strong, and at the same time elegant, they are excellent hunters with the manners of true gentlemen. Pointer - a breed of dogs, originally bred for hunting, in modern conditions also showed itself as an excellent companion, happily accompanying the family of its owner in distant and not so travels.
A bit of history
There is no single version of the origin of this classic hunting breed today, but there are a lot of theories and hypotheses. Officially, the English Pointer is recognized as an island British hunting dog, but all breeders and breeders emphasize that it contains all the best characteristics of the French, Spanish and Italian ancestors.
According to one of the versions, the progenitors of modern Pointers came to England at the beginning of the VIII century from other European countries, such as Spain and Italy. British hunters, seeing the rack, which the dog takes, pointing to prey, called this breed a pointer - pointing. Modern researchers believe that the Pointer breed of dogs, the photo of which can be seen in this article, was obtained as a result of the crossing of Foxhounds and Greyhounds, Setters and Italian Pointers, Bulldogs and Newfoundlands. At the beginning of the XIX century, after the breeders, by crossing with the Italian and French menters, added lightness and elegance, its formation was completed. As a result of such fantastic mixes, a pointer appeared - a breed of dogs with a unique appearance and excellent hunting characteristics. Its representatives are attentive and intelligent, fast and hardy. Excellent scent and excellent eyesight allow them to notice the game, not only on the water, but also on the ground.
Pointer in Russia
In the middle of the XIX century, the first representatives of this breed appeared in our country. Russian hunters, following the English fashion trends, adopted the style of rifle hunting with a dog. The breed of dogs English Pointer quickly got accustomed in our country, as people who became enthusiastic began to practice it. Representatives of the Russian intelligentsia, such as L. Tolstoy and I. Turgenev, F. Shalyapin and K. Korovin, as well as many others, if they themselves did not keep dogs of this breed, did not refuse to hunt with trained foreign pointmen.
After the 1917 revolution, the number of hunters holding such dogs decreased markedly, but enthusiasts remained and were engaged in selection work. Only in the 60s of the XX century, the English Pointer becomes again popular. The breed description has not changed since that time. Its representatives are widespread in Europe, Russia and America, but it should be noted that standards, even in European canine federations, have significant differences.
The main characteristics of the breed
As a result of the centuries-old efforts of British breeders, a pointer was bred - a breed of dogs considered to be one of the best among hunting dogs. Excellent vision and search skills, the subtlest instinct and attentiveness, immediate response to the smell of prey are not all of its positive characteristics. Noticing the prey, the dog gets up in the "rack": freezes in place, pulling into the "string" from the tip of the nose to the tail, indicating the location of the game.
In home conditions, pointers are unpretentious, clean and tidy. Their hard and short hair does not require special care, rather regularly brush your pet with a special brush. Since dogs are non-conflicting, they easily get along with other domestic animals, with the exception of birds, which are considered only prey and, accordingly, hunt for it.
Modern representatives of this breed have a toned and proportional body. On a long, muscular and rounded neck is a large head. English Pointer has a wide skull, slightly squeezed between thin, low-set ears. The muzzle of these dogs can be both straight and slightly upturned, but in no case blunt or hunched. The upper jaw is somewhat longer than the lower. The eyes are quite large, expressive, lively and intelligent. The most preferred eye color is brown, dark shades. The nose is quite large, usually brown, but may be reddish. Lips normally developed and drooped not much.
Breed Pointer, photo of a representative of which you see, has a well developed and muscular shoulder girdle, “lean” and elastic belly, slightly concave back. The legs of these dogs are muscular, with clearly marked tendons. The tail, thick at the base, closer to the tip becomes thinner.
Pointer is a breed of dogs, distinguished by a variety of colors. The color is yellow, coffee, black, with and without burns. In addition, there are not only monochromatic, but also two- and three-color colors. A rather valuable sign is the presence on the body of the dog, and especially on the head, spots of the correct form, symmetrically located relative to each other.
Obedient and sustained, but at the same time independent, wayward and very self-confident - this is an English pointer. The photo below shows how sociable and livable with other dogs are the representatives of this breed. Pointers have no guarding qualities and will not work as a watchdog. Of course, the dog will be able to warn about the penetration of a stranger into the house, but he will not attack an aggressive person. Dogs of this breed will gladly hunt, chat with you or keep you company on a family walk. Pointers are active dogs, activities with which you need to pay at least two hours a day.
With the owner and members of his family, devotees and gentle Pointers always build close relationships. Dogs are attentive and obedient, therefore, even in everyday life, the owner's commands are happy to fulfill. Children love these dogs and are able to endure research activities on their part for quite a long time. In addition, these are quite large animals, so the child will not be able to cause them serious injuries. To unfamiliar people and guests, the English Pointer is restrained, one might say cold. With friends of the owners, often in the house - friendly, but without familiarity. Pointers do not tolerate long-term loneliness and tend to be close to people, so from early childhood puppies of this breed are taught not to be afraid of separation from the owner.
Pointer: breed standard
The official standard for representatives of this breed was approved on November 11, 1975. Pointer is a hunting dog and should look and behave accordingly. A dog close to the ideal should, at first sight, look strong, flexible and obedient. Both posture and head setting should be graceful and proud. The overall symmetry of physique and form are of greater importance than the dimensions with which the pointer is endowed. The description of the breed recommends the following optimal parameters for these dogs:
- Growing bitches from 58 to 66 cm, males - 63-71 cm.
- Weight can vary from 20 to 34 kg.
- Admit one-color: fawn, red, coffee and black, as well as two-color options color. If the dog has a two-color color, then on a white background large stains or specks of black-, coffee-, red- and yellow-piebald colors can be placed.
The rest of the characteristics mentioned in this document are well known to the breeders of this breed, but if you decide to purchase a puppy, then do not be lazy and read the standard carefully.
To say that the English Pointer is a very popular dog is impossible, but there are many fans of this breed. Most of the hunters, according to their own confessions, after the Pointers did not start any hunting dogs of other breeds, but again chose this English dog. All owners emphasize the intelligence, wit, observation of representatives of this breed, not only in hunting conditions, but also in everyday urban life. There are negative reviews about pointers, but they are all left by people who did not match their own capabilities with the needs of such dogs. For representatives of this breed are necessary: communication with the owner and high motor activity. Pointer, locked alone in an apartment, walking for 10-15 minutes a day, risks not only physical but also mental health. Once again we recall that dogs of this breed need daily 2-3 hours of active movement in the air along with the owner. If you can not provide such activity, then you should think about buying a dog less active.
Pointer breed of dogs received a clear and short name for its distinctive skill - stance when it detects a game. The dog freezes, presses the front paw, its body stretches in one line - it is so beautiful and unique sight that few of the eyewitnesses can forget it. “To point” means to indicate, “check point” is a control point, and Pointer is, so to speak, a pointer that helps the hunter to detect the “direction of the game”. After the “clearance” of the breed, its English name acquired a different meaning - to freeze, like a statue or to make a stand.
Today, Pointer’s dog is standard, classic and the embodiment of all the requirements of the English to the dog. In England, four-legged a priori have no competitors, their name sounds as usual as English tea or English thoroughbred horse. However, not all "owners" know that Pointer is a trophy.
It is interesting! Perhaps, in "tribute", Pointer was assigned the breed standard under the first number in the register of the FCI (International Federation of Canine Experts).
An early ancestor of the breed was introduced to the UK from Spain. The event took place at the beginning of the XVIII century, but nobody knows how the history of the breed developed further. Relying on logic and not always proven facts, Pointers are “like” with Foxhounds, Water Spaniels, Greyhounds, Setters, Catalburuns, and even Bulldogs. A very implausible conclusion suggests itself - the breed was lucky, it took only the best from its ancestors, and nature took care to eliminate the flaws. In the absence of other options, experts agree with this hypothesis, although the “role of the human hand” in the history of the formation of the Poynters is not disputed.
The final touch to the improvement of the breed was made in the XIX century. Already at that time, Pointer could be used for all types of hunting. Excellent scent allowed to use the cops as hounds - they tracked down the wounded beast and brought the hunter to it. Dogs with keen eyesight, noticed the slightest movement of game on the ground, in dense thickets or forest. Endurance, speed and agility helped four-legged work on the water and feed wounded. "Soft mouth" and the desire to please the hunter quickly raised Poynters to the rank of the best friends dogs, they are very pwildly spoiled the game and never fell into hunting rage. Mixing the blood of the original English Pointers with hounds from Spain and France, the breeders gave the four-legged people even more lightness, maneuverability and elegance.
Having a fairly wide population at hand, the experts created a final description of the breed, and in 1891 founded the Pointer Club. The organization opened in London and had clear goals - the preservation of working qualities and aesthetics of appearance, breeders called this principle "Golden mean". Surprisingly, purebred dogs still fit into the rules created at the end of the XIX century.
Character and training
It should not be taken as a guide to action, but even if you let the education of the Pointer puppy to chance, it will grow a nice pet out of it. It is so social and intelligent these dogs are by nature. They imitate, copy their owner, friends on walks and want to please the person in everything.
Pointers' innate nature is rather specific, which is explained by hyperactivity and inexhaustible energy. That is, if you decide not to train your pet, you will get a good-natured dog, destroying furniture, slippers and wallpaper, but always maintaining a positive attitude.
Pointer's training is a pledge of the safety of the dog and the comfort of others. About the health of children or other pets do not worry, if the dog is not provoked for a long time and deliberately, it will not show teeth. As for the protection of the house, the owner or his own life, the characteristic of the breed is quite clear - courage, determination, tactics. Do not be deceived by the graceful silhouette, Pointers are strong and agile, they are able to overcome a strong and large aggressor.
It is quite simple to choose a Pointer’s puppy for work, the essence of the dilemma often “rests” on the owner’s preferences in terms of color or “muzzle expression”. Most dogs, even those whose parents did not participate in the hunt, retain working skills and willingly demonstrate them. Pointer puppies already by 2–3 months of age instinctively take stance and become very observant. Caraps can even be seen on the hunt, confidently running alongside their mother or co-workers.
Hunting with Poynter has a certain "zest", it can be called self-education. For example, by 6–7, Setters retire and rarely appear in the fields, and Age Pointers are especially valuable because they are improved with experience. In fact, there are not so many important criteria for choosing a dog, more precisely, there are two of them - proven breeding value and strong health of the producers. Do not worry if the parents are trained to work on a hare, and the puppy will have to master the skill of making duck offerings. Nataska Poynter passes fairly quickly and usually does not cause difficulties, especially if the owner encourages innate skills and trains the puppy in a playful way.
Maintenance and care
Short hair and moderate molt make Pointer an excellent candidate for content in the apartment. Pretty impressive dimensions are not a hindrance, because quadrupeds are compact and behave very restrained when walking qualitatively. Living in a private house with the surrounding area is also a great option, but there is a nuance - you should not count on the fact that Poynter will selflessly guard territory. The dog will protect the owner, himself, children, but the breed is not burglar.
Active walks and sports, perhaps, more important question, than leaving in general. Pointer, locked in four walls, deprived of the opportunity to run, work and tire, will grow up unhealthy, both physically and mentally. In terms of daily care, the four-legged will not cause inconvenience even to the busiest owners:
- Wool short and tough, resistant to dirt, moulting takes 2–3 weeks.
- Bathing as necessary, but taking into account the natural love of water, the dog can enjoy bathing procedures without using shampoo.
- To save time and effort, buy overalls for walks in rainy weather.
- Eyes do not require special care, but once a semester, an examination by a veterinarian is necessary.
- Ear health controlled, if necessary, shells are cleaned with antibacterial solutions.
- Teeth and claws must be healthy and whole, it must be monitored, no special intervention is required.
- There are no strict instructions on how to feed a Pointer. There is no tendency to food allergies., but there is a need for a large amount of energy, that is, a nutritious, but balanced diet.
The average life expectancy of Poynters is estimated at 12–14 years. It would seem that a short life span is explained by the high loads that the dog endures due to temperament. And whether the four-legged hunts are not so important, Proper Pointer content requires very active walking.
The diseases inherent in the breed are very predictable and almost all of them are firmly “sewn” in its DNA:
- Dysplasia hip joint - a change in the shape of the TB joint of the joint or the heads of the pelvic bones. Usually, elderly animals suffer from pathology, their metabolism is slowed down naturally.
- Arthritis - a collective concept indicating the pathology of the joints, which is accompanied by inflammatory processes. It can lead to chronic pain, a tendency to injure or thinning cartilage tissue.
- Skin diseases - itching, rash, eczema, hair loss, ingrowth of guard hair. The reason may be poor nutrition, poor-quality overalls, frequent bathing, blood-sucking parasites, antibiotic treatment, etc.
- Pannus (chronic superficial keratitis) is a pathology leading to the formation of a scar under the cornea. Обычно, недуг обнаруживается после сильного воспалительного процесса, например, заворота века, конъюнктивита или травмы.
- Катаракта – чаще всего (но не всегда) возрастная патология, приводящая к помутнению хрусталика глаза и ухудшению зрения.
- Дисплазия роговицы глаза – возрастная патология, приводящая к видоизменению или даже отслоению роговицы глаза, т. е. слепоте. The reason may be unregulated loads, stress, trauma, poisoning, aggressive treatment of other pathologies or degenerative age-related processes.
- Progressive retinal atrophy - develops at any age, leads to a physical change in the cells of the cornea or their death due to non-metabolism. Most often, the impetus for the development of atrophy is trauma or oversight in the care.
- Epilepsy - a neurological disorder that may be due to injury or occur for no apparent reason.
- Congenital deafness - A degenerative disorder leading to the death of the cochlea in caged puppies or dogs under the age of 3 months. Usually, the pathology is detected at 3 weeks of age, when puppies begin to explore the world around them.
- Cryptorchidism - a disadvantage to which Poynters have no more, but no less aptitude than other breeds. Not letting the testicles in the scrotum is considered a genetic disease, although it is corrected by a simple operation. The bottom line is that cryptorchus males are unconditionally rejected from breeding activities, and if this fact is hidden, then a breeder or even a nursery can lose permission for breeding activities.
- Adult Growth: The height of the dog at the withers is 56-64 cm, females - 53-62. Has a slender physique with pronounced musculature.
- Weight. Weigh pointers from 19 to 30 kg.
- Characteristic color. Pointer wool has a monophonic or tricolor color. Dogs of this breed are black, red, coffee or any fawn color. If the color combines 3 colors, then most often it is black and piebaly or coffee-pieble spots of different sizes on a white background. The scores, symmetrically located on the head, are very much appreciated.
- Wool length. The coat is short and thin, straight and elastic, characterized by pronounced brilliance. On the torso and tail, it should be no more than 1.3 cm, on other parts of the body - even shorter.
- Lifespan. With good care live Pointers 12-15 years.
- Breed virtues. Pointer is a strong dog, well muscled, emotional, and highly intelligent. He is graceful from birth, and with age does not lose mobility and vigor.
- Breed difficulties. The dog is very active and needs constant walks.
- average price. It is possible to buy a puppy of a pointer for 80 to 130 cu depending on age. Pedigree dogs are more expensive - from 150 to 200 USD Bitches are a bit cheaper than males, the difference in price is 20-40 cu
The origin of the breed
For the first time the breed was bred in England back in the 17th century. Translated from English, the pointer means "pointer." This fully justifies the whole working nature of the dog - by sensing prey, it stand up and indicate to the owner the direction for further movement.
First, Pointers were taken to hunt rabbits paired with greyhounds. Over time they well recommended for catching birds.
Dogs got to Russia shortly before the First World War. Here they began to be bred, although this did not prevent at all the import of representatives of the breed from Belgium, Sweden, and England. At the end of the 20th century, pointers became popular among city dwellers.
What is the breed for
the main thing Pointer breed dog - hunting. It is inherent in her nature. Even without training, pointers do an excellent job with their duties in hunting, and grafting and practicing skills only increases the degree of innate ability.
If you start a pointer as a pet, be prepared that you have to spend a lot of time together. The dog loves to move and play "in the hunt." She is works only in close contact with the ownertherefore, morning runs, long walks in the parks you can not avoid. In a city apartment, the dog starts to get bored, an ideal place to live an animal is a country house near a forest landing.
When in contact with humans, dogs of this breed behave very carefully, they are gentle and calm, do not show aggression. Their love for children is caused by the increased activity of the little ones. With them, they can actively run and play, not reacting to children's screams and pranks.
Pointer is not suitable for the protection of the home. The dog is very sensitive and will always warn the owner about the possible danger, but to a stranger because of the good-natured nature of the special aggression will not show. Do not forget that this is not a watchdogand his main passion is hunting.
Character of pointer
Pointer characterized by high intelligence and ingenuity. They quickly establish contact with households and maintain close relationships with them.
Pointer breed dogs are very friendly and obedient. They get along easily with family members and pets. Only it is necessary to be careful with the birds - these representatives of the animal world still remain for the pointer only game.
On the hunt the dog is courageous and hardy, he actively competes with other dogs. At home, he is changing - now we face a kind and kind being, from whom there are no problems.
Pointer is very sensitive nature, hours of loneliness he endures quite hard. A long separation from the owner, to whom the dog quickly becomes attached, can be the cause of the disease. It is easy to offend him and his pet will be remembered and ignored.
The dog is very active and hardy, ready to perform any tasks of the owner. Poor exercise makes the pointer restless and naughty. Find a couple of hours a day for intense exercise, otherwise the dog will start to run out of boredom. Pointers are rightly considered ideal partners.
Breed overview video
If your choice fell on the English Pointer, watch the video offered by us. In it you will find answers to all questions - from the full characteristics of the breed and the indications of its individual characteristics to the tasks for training. Pointers are grateful dogs and you will not regret such a pet for a minute.
How to choose a puppy
Take a puppy for hunting only from trusted breeders, from high-bred and purebred dogs with good pedigree. In the document on the puppy the ancestors ’field quality and exterior assessment must be indicated. A large number of grandparents who are certified for working qualities, ensures that the small dog also inherited them.
Pay special attention to the physical condition of the puppy: whether it is the right tail, the standard number of toes on the paws, typical suit or not. Examine the future pupil for an umbilical herniaThis problem is often found in puppies. A puppy must have a correct dental bite.
Without documents, buying a dog does not make sense - it may not be thoroughbred or sick. This dog is not suitable for breeding and mating due to the unknown of its origin. When buying a puppy, ask the owner of the bitch to issue a metric. It should contain the following data:
- Date of Birth,
- Stamp number
- Name and address of the owner.
This document should contain information about the ancestors of the puppy to the 4th knee and data on the breeding use of the dog. It is important that it contains the estimates obtained at the exhibitions, diplomas with clarification of the work items for which they were issued.
Refine vaccination data. Pointer first planted at two months old. This is a comprehensive vaccination against leptospirosis, glanders and hepatitis. Required vaccination against parvovirozaTo which puppies are subject in 1,5-4 months.
You can buy a puppy of this breed immediately after weaning from the mother, 6-10 weeks old. At this age, you can already take it on the hunt. The grown individual can also be taken. Pointers are not aggressive to outsiders, and quickly get used to new people.
Care and maintenance
Pointer from early childhood need a permanent active lifestyle. Even if the dog is not intended for hunting, it will be necessary to satisfy its hunting needs. Start a ball or frisbee for your pet with which he can play on walks.
Wool does not require special care. It is enough to wipe it with a damp cloth and comb it out with a special brush during periods of seasonal molting.
To protect against ticks and fleas pick up hypoallergenic means, Pointers have delicate skin, should be protected from irritation.
Bathe the dog as needed, washing with soapy water and carefully rinsing clean.
Walking the dog at least two hours a dayso he can spend his supply of energy.
Best of all, Pointers feel in a private house, especially if there is a small forest belt nearby, where you can run a lot. In the apartments they are deprived of this pleasure, although well adapted to this way of life.
English Pointer Training
Pointers from an early age perfectly amenable to training. Their it is important to teach only the execution of standard commands, no tricks to this hunting breed are needed. All acquired skills are aimed only at the development and improvement of innate instincts.
Important give command not in a cry, but in a calm, confident voice. Do not expect a lightning-fast effect - the animal will remember the commands not immediately, but after several training sessions on consolidation.
Advantages and disadvantages
The breed has its advantages:
- Friendly and obediently executes the owner’s commands,
- Unpretentious to care,
- Easy to get along with other animals,
- It has a sensitive nose,
- Easy to learn.
But also limitations also have:
- No walk will replace the real hunting pointer,
- Afraid of drafts and low air temperatures
- Does not like water, and drive the dog into the pond is quite difficult.
Alexander Ivanov, 48 years old
“I am a dog breeder with great experience and I consider the best dog of English Pointer. For 20 years I have been keeping such dogs and I doubt that according to their characteristics any other breed can compare with them. Now I am the owner of two adult dogs and one puppy, they are all selected, purebred, the real pride of their breed. I am sure that they will satisfy all lovers of beautiful, hardy and active dogs. ”
Dmitry, animal trainer, 54 years old
“For 18 years, my life is closely connected with the education of Pointers. Males are stronger than bitches, but they are less susceptible to nataske and constantly strive for leadership. Bitches calmer and faster give in to commands, but in hard places they are not suitable for work. For the period of estrus to the hunt are not allowed. "
Characteristics of the breed Pointer
The origin of the pointer is shrouded in mystery and various legends.
Modern Pointers, the descendants of the French and Spanish marriages, which were used in hunting to search for and scare away partridges.
Although, the breed is considered to be English, the British themselves are confident in its Spanish origin. The first representatives were brought to England in the early 18th century. In those days, the fashion of hunting for a bird that had been ripped up was in fashion; in this case, it became the best breed of a breed. The name of the English was chosen not by chance, the pointer in translation means - “making the rack”.
It came to Italy at the end of the 19th century, thanks to hunters - dog breeders: Marozetti, Meine and Marteo. Many were not enthusiastic about the new breed, as they got used to the slow Italian pointer, and for a long time they adapted to the crazy temperament and Pointer's gallop. In those days, disputes even arose between connoisseurs of Italian and English breeds.
Faster than all, the dog was appreciated by game hunters. Since more and more fast and dexterous animals were brought into the country, after a few years, it gained popularity, which favorably affected working and external qualities.
English Pointer description of the breed and the standard MKF
English Pointer - a graceful, energetic, muscular and hardy breed with a light gait. It has an innate ability to concentrate on work. By athletic properties, English Pointer is classified for plain hunting.
Body type: dry, with strong bones and strong muscles. The skin is tight.
Format: slightly stretched, closer to square.
Head: dry, proportional to the body. The cranial - facial lines and the lines of the face converge. The skull is elongated, moderately wide, with a noticeable hollow in the middle. Occiput is well developed. Cheekbones do not protrude. The transition from the forehead to the face is clearly defined.
Muzzle: long, strong, the back of the nose is deep, rectangular. Nose is large, dark or in color, with large, widely developed nostrils. The lips are thick, fleshy, tight-fitting, rounded at the side, slightly overlapping the lower jaw, without folds. The jaw is strong.
Ears: drooping, thin, slightly pointed at the ends, slightly close the edge of the lower jaw, tight to the head. Are located relatively high, at eye level, closer to the back of the head.
Eyes: large, not too round, kind, dark brown or light brown. Eyelids dry, tight.
Teeth: large, white, strong. Scissor bite.
Neck: moderately long, muscular, set high, smoothly moving into withers.
Withers: The shoulder blades are long, sure-cut, pressed tightly against the back. Shoulder sloping, it is an important factor for a gallop.
Chest: lowered to the level of the knees.
Back: strong, slightly sloping from the withers to the rump.
Loin: medium length, powerful, slightly arched.
Croup: moderately sloping.
Tail: straight, tight at the base, tapers towards the end, fastened high enough.
Sexual type: perfectly pronounced. Males more and stronger bitches.
Were limbs: direct, are substituted under the body, muscular, parallel. Elbows pressed to the body, pointing back.
Hind limbs: powerful, pulled behind the line of the ischial tubercles. Hips and legs well developed. The angle of the knee joint is well defined.
Paws: oval, long fingers with thick pads, tightly pressed.
Movement: smooth, graceful, with a strong push of the hind limbs. Gallop, important gait. With his help, he finds traces of game. At the same time, his body is elongated diagonally in a rectangle. The line of the back is straight, the neck is tense, the head is set high, the shoulders are free, the nostrils are wide open, the tail sways from side to side in motion with the movement. Stand tall, tense, with an elongated or half-tailed tail.
Color: Monotonous, piebald and tricolor.
English Pointer Color: White with yellow, orange, dark brown or black spots.
English Pointer character
English Pointer is a very clever, loyal and loving creature. He loves hunting, running and frolicking in the open. Needs a host company and is ready to fulfill his commands.
He loves family members without exception, he especially likes active games with children, patiently demolishes their pranks.
English Pointer is a friendly, cheerful, affectionate and devoted pet. Good for training and education, he is obedient and docile.
She gets along well with various pets in the house, except for the bird, it is her prey.
English Pointer badly tolerates loneliness. Therefore, if you rarely stay at home, train a pointer from an early age to stay at home alone and not be afraid of separation.
Strong, resilient and energetic, ready for long walks and an active lifestyle for the owner. Remember that an insufficient amount of physical activity has a bad effect on both the emotional and physical development of the animal.
Endowed with innate hunting instinct, and have an excellent sense of smell. Despite the lack of skills of the guard or defender, copes well with the protection of the house, will warn about the arrival of someone else.
Training and education of a pointer
Pointer is considered one of the best cops. It can perfectly hunt in any locality for different game, thanks to innate enthusiasm and love of hunting. English Pointer is not for beginners, wanting to buy a point, ask in advance how to bring up this particular dog.
During the hunt, the English Pointer likes to move at a wide gallop in order to explore the territory as much as possible, so the owner must be able to keep a distance and stop or order a return in time.
Pointer is a born hunter, therefore, having sensed the smell of game, he can follow him without slowing down the run. Particular attention should be paid to the stand of the English Pointer, this spectacle is fascinating when it suddenly freezes and stands in complete immobility.
Be sure to teach the game to apporte, as soon as he understands the essence of the team, he will fulfill it with pleasure. It will help when hunting for pheasant, partridge, black grouse, wood grouse, it can perfectly hunt for these types of game.
A trained dog adheres to the technique of securing or patronizing - this is the ability to respect the position of another individual and not to interfere with it. This is useful when hunting with other dogs, or in competition.
Poor puppies possess innate hunting talent, but timely training is necessary for their management.
Puppies in 2 months already know how to do a stand, to check it, take a fishing pole and attach a whisk of bird feathers to it. Then stretch or lift the "prey" in front of the baby, depicting the flight of a bird. He must stop and freeze, but do not let him catch the bait. If the pet grabs the bait, it means that it reacts very primitively and does not want to give the "prey" to the owner.
With the help of a fishing rod, you check the doggie for an instinct to do a stand on an unfamiliar object and continue to develop it. Thus, you can test puppies from the litter, see the innate instinct, and choose a real hunter.
A dog is obliged to take a trail, to stop the smell, while the hunter is always there to finish the job.
In the absence of the innate instinct of the rack, it is possible and not to talk about training, for the cop it is only needed for honing the qualities, for understanding the host.
The only drawback of the pointer, weak body protection, the absence of thick and tough wool cause discomfort in the cold and wet season. With the passage of dense shrubs or thorny thickets, it can often get hurt due to the absence of dense fur cover.
English Pointer care and maintenance
English Pointer smooth-haired breed, care for her is simple and does not take you much time and effort.
The coat is short, hard, tight to the body. Shedding seasonal, light. When kept indoors with warm air, a whole year can last. Pointer is combed twice a week, with a rubber brush or natural bristle, a special glove, or a coarse cloth. Thanks to this procedure, the dead wool is removed, the skin is massaged and blood circulation is improved.
Photo English Pointer with a glorious look
Inspect the skin regularly for injuries, injuries and cuts. Pointers are prone to various skin diseases. Noticing signs of the disease in the form of redness, peeling and others immediately contact your veterinarian.
Once every three weeks, especially in the spring - summer period, treat the surface with a remedy for parasites, ticks and fleas. Like any hunting breed, a pointer is at risk of infection from parasites.
Means (Advantiks, Front Line) is applied to the area between the shoulder blades. Do not bathe for 10 days, and for a day, make sure that the children living in the house do not stroke the dog. If the product gets on baby hands, wash them well with soap and water.
Paws regularly inspect. Once a month, claws are clipped for large breeds. Always remember the fifth toe on the front paws.
Photo English Pointer near the door of the house
Examine your eyes; in a healthy dog, they are clean and shiny, for prevention of souring, you can wash it once a week with a soft cloth dipped in tea brewing.
Ears every two weeks, wipe with a damp cloth moistened with warm water. A healthy ear with a pleasant pink color, without excess sulfur and an unpleasant smell.
It is rare to bathe, unless it is polluted. Hard wool, has the ability to self-clean.
When keeping a pointer in a city apartment, it is necessary to walk 2 times a day, for at least two hours. Walks are always active with elements of dressage. Keeping in a country house with a spacious yard is the best option.
Description breed Pointer
According to standard data growth males of this breed varies in the range of 57-65 cm, females - 54-63 cm, weight 19-30 kg. The following external data is taken as a standard:
- Pointers are large headwith a wide, slightly squeezed skull between the ears. In the area of the nose there is a small groove dividing the skull into 2 halves.
- Muzzle wide, dull by the end, can be straight or upturned. Eyes small, look lively, smart. Most often there are individuals with dark eyes, but their hue depends on the coat color.
- Ears high set, triangular, with hanging rounded tips.
- Back Pointers have a strong, slightly sloping, which goes into a powerful, slightly convex loin. The croup has a weak bevel towards the base of the tail.
- Hind limbs representatives of this breed are strong, with well-developed muscles, allow dogs to push off strongly during movement. In general, the limbs of the pointers are characterized by long hips and legs, as well as pronounced joints. Paws oval-shaped, with clenched fingers, pads are dense, thick.
- On the front paws of dogs, dewclaws are most often removed.
The coat of the pointers is short, dense, adheres well to the body. In the area of the head, ears and front of the limbs, it is somewhat shorter than in the rest of the body.
There are various colors of pointers - one-color: with black, coffee, red and fawn wool, two-color: piebald with black, coffee, red or yellow wool. Two-colored dogs against the background of white wool may have specks and large spots of the same shade.
The nature of the representatives of the breed Pointer
Pointers have developed intelligence, everyone understands and is easy to learn, especially when it comes to the development of hunting abilities. In a normal setting - at home, the pet behaves calmly, you can even say phlegmatic. However, he is transformed in the process of playing, practicing or hunting. Pointers have leadership qualities and a sense of rivalry in their blood, because these properties were cultivated in the selection process so that the dogs would strive for victory and not lose.
The dog always strives to move forward, especially if it is properly raised. And we are talking not only about physical development, but also about intellectual. Pointers are very convenient companions, they sensitively catch the mood of the owner, always show devotion, but do not bother. Like other hunting breeds, these dogs have aggression in their character, but it manifests itself exclusively in the working frames.
Pets are obedient, possess a steel restraint, but at the same time they are independent and some wayward. And one more quality of pointers is self-confidence. Dogs are quite sociable, real diplomats, so they always try to avoid conflicts. But the British have no protective instinct, so they are not suitable as guards.
If such a pet gets into the house, he will try to improve relations not only with the owner, but also with all family members. He is always ready to execute commands. Despite the leadership, the pointers get along well with other dogs and even cats. But in the latter case it is possible, if the cats do not show harm and try to dominate, the dogs themselves will not start to fight with them.
Keep the same birds with these hunters is not worth it, since they can hardly overcome the instinct. Dogs are good to children, and sometimes even cope with the role of the nurse. They show patience during inept and even rude games with babies.
Dogs meet strangers without much enthusiasm, but with restraint, but their friends respond with friendliness. Pets guard the house, but their only reaction is to warn the owners of the invasion. But they will not rush into battle, for this they do not have enough aggression. In any case, in order to raise a guard, it is necessary to go through a special course with the dog that will help correct the correct behavior at the moment of danger.
Read about the most common breed in Germany - kurtshaar.
It is necessary to begin the process of bringing up a pointer from the first days of its location in a new house. If the dog is not trained, then it may be unkind to the people who came to the house. Therefore, such zeal is important to stop. Thanks to the natural curiosity and intelligence, it will be easy enough to train a pet, he will easily master the commands and tricks.
And you can teach both at home and in vocational schools. In the latter case, it is important to choose an instructor who knows how to work with this group of dogs, because hunting dogs have their own characteristics in character and behavior. With pointers, it is advisable to attend individual instructor lessons, of course, they are expensive, but more effective than group work.
In no case should not neglect the general course of study, because it is the basis for the next steps of the educational process. After its development, it will be possible to choose a narrower focus. If you plan to get a real hunting dog, then you should contact special clubs that are oriented towards this type of activity.
Pointer is a hunter, an excellent companion, and if necessary, a watchman, but before buying a puppy you should talk to the owners of such a dog in order to find out in advance all the nuances. It is better to know in advance whether such a dog fits to the vital rhythm and character.
How to care for a pointer
In care Pointera unpretentious. Their short hair should be brushed or velvet every 3-4 days. In addition to cleaning, this procedure is an excellent massage for the skin and will give pleasure to the pet. The weak point of the breed is dermatological diseases, so you should often inspect the skin for signs of skin ailments. At the first symptoms, it is important to immediately consult a doctor.
Like other four-legged pets, pointers need protection from external parasites. Lice, ticks, eaters and other insects can cause protracted diseases. However, choosing prophylactic or therapeutic agents, one should be careful, as they can cause allergies. Preference is better to give drugs, which are composed of natural ingredients.
Claws need to be cut off by dogs - in the summer this procedure is rarely required, more often in winter. The ears of the pointers are closed, so you need to periodically look into them, but they need to be cleaned 1-2 times a month. Pets of this breed do not need frequent bathing, wash them only when necessary. Contaminants can be removed with a damp cloth, less often rinsed with water without detergents, and shampoos should be applied once every 10-12 months.
Pointers require daily physical exertion, so when you keep a pet in an apartment, you will have to walk with it for a long time every day. If there is no time for such walking, then you should give up such an active dog in favor of a less demanding breed in this regard. It would be ideal to keep them in a private house, where there is a large fenced area. Running as much as you like, the dog will always be in great shape and in a good mood. Pointer is a great companion for jogging, cycling, rollerblading and other sports activities and entertainment.
How much is a puppy
To date, this breed is widely distributed, including in Russia. There are quite well-known kennels here, so there will be no difficulties in acquiring a pet.
The cost of a puppy with a pedigree on average is 30,000 rubles. Of course, on the Internet you can buy cheaper, but will it meet all the requirements for the breed? For the soul of such a pet fit, but for hunting is unlikely.
Pointer is handsome, self-confident, very aristocratic, but not as straightforward as it seems, and requires a special approach. Also do not forget about his activity. If you dreamed about such a dog, it means that you can safely go in search of your four-legged friend!