But if you see a snake from afar, then you can examine it and observe its behavior. It is worth noting that human fears about snakes are exaggerated. If you study their behavior, you can understand - the probability of dying in an accident is much higher than from a snake bite. Yet, there are snakes who involuntarily evoke fear. So, what is the biggest snake in the world. The longest or largest snake in the world is the Asian reticulated python. It, in its natural environment, grows to 10 or even 12 meters in length. Each individual can reach 150 kilograms. But no more.
The biggest snake is anaconda
Giant or Green. It is only 10 meters long, but its weight can be 220 kilograms. However, the Green Anaconda can easily compete with the Asian Python both in size and length. The largest snake alive now lives in New York, in the terrarium of the zoological society. Her height is about 9 meters and weighs 130 kilograms. But the longest length of the anaconda, which was recorded - 11 meters and 43 centimeters. It was measured in 1944 by an oil geologist who studied the jungles of Colombia and searched for deposits of “black gold”.
However, it is worth noting that in Egypt were found the remains of a giant African python, which lived 55 million years ago. Part of the spine suggests that the snake was 11 meters long and 80 centimeters. Today, the average length of a normal anaconda is about 6 meters. And the cases of its sprouting to nine meters - are rare. The snake lives in tropical forests of South America, in particular, in the quiet backwaters of the Amazon. There the giant anaconda is looking for its prey and guarding. It feeds on small and medium-sized mammals. She pounces on the victim, covers her body with rings, after which she suffocates and swallows whole. Anaconda food is digested from several hours to several days. At this time, she does not eat anything, and also does not hunt. Just lies quietly half awake in a secluded place. And, despite numerous cinematographic and folk legends, anaconda is not dangerous for an adult. Cases of snake attacks on humans are rare. Hunters, as a rule, have no fear of meeting with anaconda. They destroy them just like wolf farmers, so that snakes do not exterminate birds and livestock.
Anacondas live in hard-to-reach places, therefore it is rather difficult to establish their numbers. However, it is already known that the recovery of this snake population is not a problem. Giant anacondas are egg-bearing. The average snake litter is up to 40 newborns. In addition, they quietly multiply in their natural environment and in captivity. Females and males do not pick and choose to choose a partner, it’s enough just to get one in sight of another. The biggest snake on earth is not poisonous. She kills her victim by suffocation. And the poison does not release, like other snakes. This is the main difference between the Giant Anaconda and the King Cobra - it is the largest poisonous snake in the world. She has the greatest amount of poison.
Burmese python or dark tiger python
It grows to 9, 15 meters. This is a record copy.
This python is the largest of the tiger python subspecies. It can grow up to 8 meters and more. However, individuals are usually found up to 5.5 meters long. The weight of the snake is about 70 kilograms.
Indian python or light tiger python
Reaches 6 meters in length.
A light tiger python differs from a dark one by the presence of so-called light “eyes” in the centers of the spots that are located on the sides of the body, as well as by the reddish or pink color of the bands on the sides of the head. In general, this subspecies is less than a dark tiger python. Large individuals can grow to just 6 meters.
It is the largest poisonous snake.
She has the greatest length among other poisonous. Individuals can grow to 5.6 meters. However, on average, the cobra is only 3-4 meters long.
This is a snake from the pseudopod family. Individuals can grow up to 3-4 meters in length.
The boa feeds on reptiles and mammals.
This snake is the most poisonous in Africa. In length, it grows to 2.4 - 3 meters. Some individuals - up to 4.5 meters.
Black mamba can crawl at speeds of up to 11 kilometers per hour. But with short throws and on flat terrain, the snake can reach speeds of up to 19 kilometers per hour.
It is one of the largest representatives of venomous snakes in South America from the subfamily of venomous snakes of the viper family.
The Bushmaster can blow up to 3 meters in length, less often to 4. At the same time the snake's body weight is rather low - only 3-5 kilograms.
Eastern brown snake
This snake can occur with different colors. But usually the color of eastern brown is exactly brown.
Body length is about 2 meters.
This snake can be found on the territory of Russia and the countries of the former USSR. Gyurza is the largest snake of the viper family.
Considered the longest snake in the world, inhabiting mainly South and Southeast Asia. The author of the work “Snakes-giants and terrible lizards,” the famous Swedish explorer Ralph Blomberg describes a specimen with a length of just under 10 meters.
In captivity, the largest representative of the species, a female individual named Samantha (born in Borneo), grew to 7.5 m, surprising visitors to the New York zoo of the Bronx with its size. There, in 2002, she died.
In their natural habitat, reticulated pythons grow to 8 meters or more. A varied menu of vertebrates such as monkeys, birds, small ungulates, reptiles, rodents, and predatory wyverra helps them in this.
It is interesting! Sometimes it includes bats in its menu, catching them in flight, for which it clings with its tail to the projecting parts of the walls and the arch of the cave.
Gaping domestic animals, such as dogs, birds, goats and pigs, also go to pythons for lunch. The most favorite dish is young goats and piglets weighing 10-15 kg, although there is a precedent for the absorption of pigs weighing more than 60 kg.
This snake (lat. Eunectes murinus) from the subfamily of boas has many names: the common anaconda, the giant anaconda and the green anaconda. But it is often called the old-fashioned water boa, given the passion for the water element. The animal prefers calm rivers with weak currents, lakes and creeks in the Orinoco and Amazon basins.
Anaconda is considered the most impressive snake on the planet, confirming this view by a well-known fact: a reptile with a length of 5.21 meters (without a tail) and weighing 97.5 kg was caught in Venezuela. By the way, it was a female. Males of water boas do not claim the role of champions.
Despite the fact that the snake lives in water, the fish is not included in the list of its favorite foods. Typically, a boa preys on waterfowl, caimans, capybaras, iguanas, agouti, bakers, as well as other small / medium mammals and reptiles.
Anaconda does not shrink from lizards, turtles and snakes. There is a case when the water boa strangled and swallowed a python 2.5 meters long.
The snake eater (ophiophagus hannah) is translated from the Latin name, which cobra scientists awarded, who noticed her passion for eating other snakes, including the extremely poisonous.
The largest poisonous reptile has one more name - hamadryad. These creatures, growing throughout their lives (30 years), are teeming with tropical forests of India, Indonesia, Pakistan and the Philippines.
The longest snake of the species was caught in 1937 in Malaysia and transported to the London Zoo. Here it was measured, fixing the length of 5.71 m, documented. It is said that in nature, specimens are creeping and longer, although most adult cobras fall within the range of 3-4 meters.
To the credit of the king cobra it should be noted that she is not the most poisonous and, moreover, quite patient: a person must be at the level of her eyes, and without making any sudden movements, withstand her gaze. It is said that after a few minutes the cobra quietly leaves the place of an unexpected meeting.
Included in the top four largest snakes on the planet, showing in some cases a decent weight (about 100 kg) and a good length (over 6 m).
Average individuals of more than 4 m 80 cm do not grow and are also not surprised by weight, gaining in a mature state from 44 to 55 kg.
It is interesting! Slenderness of the body is strangely combined with its massiveness, which, however, does not interfere with reptiles at night to climb trees and swim well.
There live hieroglyphic (rocky) pythons in the savannas, tropical and subtropical forests of Africa.
Like all pythons, it can starve for a very long time. In captivity lives up to 25 years. The reptile is not poisonous, but it manifests outbreaks of uncontrollable anger that are dangerous to humans. In 2002, a ten-year-old boy from South Africa fell victim to python and was simply swallowed by a snake.
Rock pythons attack leopards, Nile crocodiles, warthogs and black-necked antelopes without hesitating. But the main food of the snake are rodents, reptiles and birds.
Dark Tiger Python
This non-poisonous type of female is more impressive than males. The average size of the reptile does not exceed 3.7 meters, although some individuals are drawn to 5 or more.
Animal habitat - East India, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Cambodia, southern China from Fr. Hainan, Indochina. Thanks to man, a dark tiger python has penetrated into the territory of Florida (USA).
Record value differed dark python, who lived not so long ago in the American snake park safari (Illinois). The length of this captive resident named Baby was 5.74 m.
Dark tiger python consumes birds and mammals.. It attacks monkeys, jackals, civets, pigeons, waterfowl, large lizards (Bengal monitor lizards), as well as rodents, including crested porcupines.
On the table python is often livestock and poultry: large reptiles easily kill and eat small pigs, deer and goats.
Light tiger python
Subspecies tiger python. It is also called the Indian python, and in Latin - python molurus molurus. It differs from its close relative python molurus bivittatus (dark tiger python) primarily in its dimensions: they are less impressive. Thus, the largest Indian pythons do not grow more than five meters. There are other signs typical for this snake:
- light blotches in the middle of the spots that adorn the sides of the body,
- pinkish or reddish shade of light bands running to the side of the head,
- blurred (in its front part) diamond-shaped pattern on the head,
- a lighter (compared to a dark python) color with a predominance of brown, yellow-brown, red-brown and gray-brown tones.
The light tiger python inhabits the forests of India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Bhutan.
This representative of the snake kingdom is protected by Australian law. The biggest snake of the Australian continent, which include amethyst python, reaches an adult state of almost 8.5 meters and eats up to 30 kg.
On average, snake growth does not exceed 3 m 50 cm. Among its congeners, pythons, it is distinguished by symmetrical and noticeably large shields located on the upper zone of the head.
A serpentologist will understand that in front of him is an amethyst python by the peculiar color of scales:
- dominated by olive-brown or yellow-olive color, complemented by a rainbow,
- across the body there are clearly marked black / brown stripes,
- on the back there is a distinct mesh pattern formed by dark lines and light intervals.
The gastronomic interest of this Australian reptile is to small birds, lizards and small mammals. The most impudent snakes choose a victim among bush kangaroos and marsupial couscous.
It is interesting! Australians (especially those inhabiting the outskirts) know that the python is not shy about attacking domestic pets: a snake from a distance feels the heat emanating from warm-blooded animals.
To protect their livestock from amethyst python, villagers put it in aviaries. Therefore, in Australia, not only parrots, chickens and rabbits sit in cages, but also dogs and cats.
Many are known as Boa constrictor and now has 10 subspecies, differing in coloring, which is directly related to the habitat.. The body color helps the boa to camouflage in order to maintain an isolated lifestyle, hiding from prying eyes.
In conditions of captivity, the length of this non-venomous snake ranges from 2 to 3 meters, in the wild it is almost twice as long, up to 5 and a half meters. The average weight is 22-25 kg.
Boa constrictor inhabits Central and South America, as well as the Lesser Antilles, looking for dry areas for landscaping, located near water bodies.
The food addiction of the boa is rather simple - birds, small mammals, less often reptiles. While killing prey, the boa applies a special technique of acting on the victim's chest, squeezing it into the expiratory phase.
It is interesting! The boa is easily mastered in captivity, so it is often bred in zoos and domestic terrariums. Snakebite man does not threaten.
Lachesis muta or surakuku - the largest venomous snake in South America from the viper familyliving up to 20 years.
Its length usually fits into the interval of 2.5-3 m (with a weight of 3-5 kg), and only rare specimens grow to 4 m. The Bushmeister boasts excellent poisonous teeth growing from 2.5 to 4 cm.
The snake prefers solitude and is quite rare, as it selects the uninhabited parts of Trinidad Island, as well as the tropics of South and Central America.
Important! People should be afraid of the Bushmaster, despite the modest death rates from his poison - 10-12%.
Night activity is characteristic of the sukuruku - he waits for animals, lying motionless on the ground among the foliage. Inaction does not bother him: he can wait for a potential victim for weeks — a bird, a lizard, a rodent, or ... another snake.
Dendroaspis polylepis is a poisonous African reptile that settled in light forests / savannas in the east, south and center of the continent. He spends most of his leisure time on the ground, occasionally crawling (to warm himself) on trees and shrubs.
It is believed that in nature, an adult snake grows up to 4.5 meters with a mass of 3 kg. The average is slightly lower - height 3 meters with a weight of 2 kg.
Against the background of their relatives from the family of asps, the black mamba stands out with the longest poisonous teeth (22-23 mm). These teeth help it effectively inject poison, which kills elephant jumpers, bats, damans, rodents, galago, as well as other snakes, lizards, birds and termites.
It is interesting! The most toxic snake on the planet likes to hunt in the daytime, digging into prey several times, until it finally freezes. On digestion go more than a day.
What makes the king cobra different?
She has a hood that responds to the creature's emotions. Fear or anger is expressed in the fact that the hood is stretched. The ribs on the neck help.
What can a cobra fear? The main enemy is the mongoose. He can just bite through the neck of a cobra at a crazy speed. As we have said, the poison of the royal is considered the most poisonous. Compared with him can only poison the Australian taipan, which does not have such an impressive size.
The giant green anaconda is an amazing snake that belongs to the subspecies of boas. Once these creatures were called water boas.
- anaconda length from 5 to 8 meters
- maximum length - 11.43 meters
- maximum weight - more than 130 kg
- average age is 6 years
- The maximum age is 28 years.
Yes Yes. This is not a typo at all. Once in the terrarium of South America, a green anaconda lived for 28 years.
This is a predatory and dangerous creature that attacks very unexpectedly. Anaconda cleverly lurks its victim, then - sharply attacks.
These snakes live in flowing places of the river, periodically creep out to bask on the ground under the sun. Sometimes for the same purpose anaconda climbs on the lower branches of trees. This creature is an excellent swimmer. It is strange that a snake can stay under water for a long time. The paradox is that its nostrils are closed with special valves. In the period of drought, the anacondas burrow into the mud. Some individuals prefer to go into a daze. And only when the rains reappear, these persons will return to their normal activities.
Eats anaconda predominantly mammals, but in history there were situations when a creature quickly and mercilessly ate a jaguar.
Cannibalism is also inherent in them. At one time in the zoo, the green anaconda quickly strangled and then ate a python, the length of which was 3 meters.
Does a giant anaconda have enemies? In general, she is not afraid of anyone. Very rarely there were situations when a jaguar or a big caiman managed to eat it. Of course, these anaconda sacrifices were of the smallest size.
Surprisingly, but true. Anaconda rarely attacks humans. Such cases were only by mistake. If a creature sees a person under water, then it thinks that it is a danger, and only in this case does it attack itself.
The only burning incident occurred in India. A gigantic anaconda swallowed a boy who was only 13 years old in a matter of seconds.
Наверняка Вы видели фильмы, где анаконда является вечным хищником на людей. В жизни они предпочитают скрыться подальше от человеского запаха.
Как плодятся самки? Одна особь может родить даже 30 детенышей. Малыши рождаются длиною в 60 см. Интересно то, что новорожденные умеют плавать, и даже охотиться.
Местное население краев, где обитает анаконда, питается мясом этих змей. Оно считается невероятно вкусным и сочным. Потому жители Южной Америки постоянно охотятся на анаконду. It seems to you that this is a very dangerous occupation? In fact, these hunters have a huge stock of knowledge and experience. Therefore, they are sure that they will never fall into the trap. By the way, nobody here alone catches such snakes. Groups of the most experienced and skillful hunters gather specifically for tasty prey.