Chicken egg production varies at different times of the year. Due to their physiology. In the autumn-winter period, they have less physical activity, and therefore egg production.
In addition, because of the short daylight hours, chickens eat less. Because of this, metabolic processes in the body slow down. But even in winter you can get eggs from chickens no less than in summer. You just need to know how to feed the chicken to carry a lot of eggs.
The main desire of the poultry farmer is that the chicken lay eggs every day. This is possible if you know not only how to feed chickens in winter. Certain factors affect egg production:
- bird health,
- conditions of detention,
- age and breed
- one of the most significant is the feeding ration.
Poultry farmers agree that it is necessary to feed the chickens in equal portions and at the same time. It is worth remembering that the overfeeding is equally harmful, as well as underfeeding.
Food intake is also important. Chickens are early birds. Therefore, they need breakfast as early as possible. After all, as for people, breakfast is very important for them.
In the morning, birds are advised to give a mix of bran, boiled potatoes, crushed grains, fish or meat and bone meal. Every day we make a fresh batch, because storing wet food is not recommended. Therefore, the number must also count.
The diet of chickens should vary with the seasons. For example, in the spring we include vitamins and mineral supplements in the diet. After all, during this period, eggs are selected for breeding. In summer, birds should eat a lot of greenery.
Conditions for a good egg production
Before you think about how to feed the chicken to carry a lot of eggs, create a comfortable environment. When equipping a chicken coop, you must follow certain rules:
- Have it in a quiet place.
- Spacious premises are not a guarantee of improved egg production. Even more likely the opposite.
- The floor is better to fill with clay, as it freezes through much less. You can pour sawdust.
- There should be enough windows in the hen house. But sunlight should not fall directly on the nests.
- The most optimal temperature for increasing egg production ranges from 23 to 25 degrees Celsius.
- Set nests at the same height, protected from drafts.
The diet also affects the number of eggs produced. We will feed the birds at a certain time. At the same time we install lamps in the winter. Include them at the time of the first feeding. When it is light, you can extinguish the lamp.
Separately, it is necessary to say about the period of molting. At this time, almost all nutrients are aimed at restoring feathers. Therefore, egg production is reduced. Most often, the molting period occurs in autumn. After it is worth feeding the birds more intensively, otherwise the birds do not carry well.
To know how to increase the egg production of chickens at home, you need to correctly draw up their daily routine. Here is an approximate feeding mode:
- At 6 o'clock in the morning we give the germinated wheat to the birds. It contains sulfur and vitamin E, which play an important role in the growth and condition of feathers.
- At 9:00 - mash. It is made from crushed grain. It is desirable to add a variety of vegetables. You can make mash not only on water, but also on fish or meat broth.
- At 14:00 you can give the hens a mixture of potato peelings with cereals. Well add vegetables, corn, grass. In winter, we give hay, which contains a large amount of protein.
- 18:00 give whole grains.
It should be noted that roosters should be kept together with the hens. They get along better if there are 10-12 hens per one rooster. In this amount, they are also better to endure the cold winter.
How much feed to give?
To know how to increase the egg production of chickens at home, the first thing you need to calculate the daily rate of feed.
On average, one cinnamon per day requires 240-270 grams of feed. This includes:
- a mixture of grain (wheat, corn, barley, oatmeal, peas),
- mash is wet,
- boiled potatoes and other vegetables,
- sunflower cake,
- a piece of chalk,
- table salt, feed yeast and bone meal.
Thanks to this diet, the increase in egg production of chickens is guaranteed.
The difference in feeding in winter
In winter, bird feed should be as diverse as possible. This is important because of the decrease in air temperature and bird movement. In addition, they can not independently obtain trace elements and vitamins from green food, as in summer.
It is worthwhile to dwell in more detail on how to feed the laying hens in order to be better carried in winter. Proper and balanced nutrition is not only a guarantee of maximum egg production, but also their nutritional value.
Fir legs can be given to chickens as green fodder. From the needles, they get useful trace elements, as well as air in the hen house is disinfected. We harvest hay for winter. Especially useful is dried nettle. Additionally we give germinated grain.
In winter we include in the diet of birds:
- fish oil and flour,
- egg shells or forage shells,
- heated water.
Especially for chickens it is possible to grow fodder beet, pumpkin, zucchini and carrot varieties in the garden. A significant proportion of the grain is desirable to replace the corn and buckwheat. They contribute to the accumulation of fat.
In addition to adjusting nutrition, we add vitamins for laying hens in order to increase egg production. In addition to ready-made mixtures, you can use natural bait:
- eggshell and salt strengthen shell,
- Ash contains a large number of trace elements. In addition, layers can swim in it, getting rid of parasites,
- chalk and limestone almost completely cover the daily calcium requirement of the bird.
Tip for increasing the number of eggs: Dilute 30 grams of fresh yeast in 1.5 liters of warm pure water. Mix with a kilogram of feed and give 20 g per individual.
What do you need to feed chickens to increase egg production?
It is possible to conditionally divide the life of layers for several periods, each of which requires a special feeding ration.
The period of growth and maturation lasts up to 5 months. At this time, high-quality food is important for growth, development, and the formation of the body of chickens, which later have very large loads.
Grain mixes should include:
- wheat, which contains a large amount of vitamins, as well as protein,
- rye, in which there is a complex of easily digestible vitamins and minerals,
- oats - fiber, necessary for normal functioning of the intestines and the entire digestive system,
- corn - fats and carbohydrates,
- barley - it is highly appreciated for its nutritional value.
Do not do at this time without green fodder - willingly eat growing layers of finely chopped onions, nettles, dandelions, carrot tops. Boiled and chopped vegetables (potatoes, carrots, beets) are also needed when cooking mash.
From 5-6 months comes the second period, during which the hen begins to trot and enters the peak of its development. At this time, it becomes extremely active, so it is necessary to monitor the diet very carefully.
With food, the maximum possible amount of vitamins and minerals should be ingested, because daily a hen spends most of the calories on the formation of a full-fledged egg. Feed mixes with special premix complexes should be added to grain mixes and mixers for laying hens. It is possible to switch to feeding with industrial feeds, in which the necessary dosages of all the necessary substances are calculated with maximum accuracy.
Important: in the feeders should always be chalk, bone meal, fish meal, clean sand. Layers need quality walking, where they can eat greens and roots, dig up worms, insect larvae.
From 48-50 weeks egg production begins to decline. But with a properly formulated diet for at least another year, you can get a normal number of eggs from each chicken, gradually updating the composition of the house. At this time, you can enter into the diet pumpkin, sunflower, minced fish or meat and bone balance will replenish calcium reserves.
In the wet mash add fish oil, vitamins, chopped greens. The germinated grain, which sprouts are just a storehouse of useful substances, will be invaluable.
All this helps to increase egg production in case the rules of feeding are not violated, but the feeding ration of the birds.
From the first days of life, chickens are threatened with various infections, especially if the chicks are weakened. Read more about this in our article.
What feed is suitable for chickens and will ensure full development? We told about it here.
The consumption rate of feed for laying hens
Most often, the bird will eat as much food as the body requires for normal life. Overfeeding chickens is difficult, but underfeeding will seriously affect their productivity. Even overflowed feeding troughs will not be able to insure against this: all the remnants of the table, crumbs, and sometimes slop with which village grandmothers feed their pets, are not suitable at all to justify the expectations of thoroughbred productive breeds of layers. The diet should be carefully calculated.
When using dry mixes, mixed fodder it is enough to follow the instructions and fill the feeders depending on the number and weight of the chickens. When self-cooking compound feed should observe the basic proportions:
- wheat - 60-70%,
- oats, barley and rye - 10% each
- 3-4% should be shell rock, fish meal, sunflower and other oil-containing crops.
The daily rate per head is considered optimal:
- grain as crushed and whole - 50 g,
- meat and bone mince or flour - 50 g,
- succulent feed (boiled or raw vegetables) - up to 70 g,
- salt, mineral additives - up to 6 g,
- protein - 15-20 g
The entire amount of food should be divided into 2 doses, feeding in the morning and evening in equal amounts. Water in drinking bowls should be constantly.
But if there are problems with egg production, the number of feedings is increased to 4 - 5. In the morning and in the evening dry mixes are given, and at 11 and 16 o'clock - wet mash, better warm ones, which are eaten more readily.
Rules for feeding the hens in winter
Winter in the home yard - the most difficult time. It is necessary to observe the light mode, to maintain the air temperature not below +15 degrees, so that at this time the bird would not cease to rush.
The time of walking is reduced, the bird receives less and protein, vitamins, all this should be taken into account when drafting the feeding ration. Harvested and dried nettle, boiled potatoes, carrots, turnips, turnips, squash and zucchini, pumpkin, cake finely chopped, mixed with grain mixtures. Give such mash 2 times a day, making sure that the bird completely ate the cooked food.
For each kilogram of the mixture, you must add 10 g of regular Baker's yeast, mixing thoroughly, 2-3 g of fish oil, salt. In the house is best to install and feeders with premixes that chickens can eat all the time.
Some owners of household plots mix germinated grain with litter in which chickens are constantly digging. Finding sprouts in the "ground", they eat the hens much more readily.
What can not feed layers?
Those remnants of the table, especially sour soup, spoiled moldy bread, rotten meat and fish are not suitable for laying hens.
This can cause not only indigestion, but also massive poisoning, loss of livestock. Grain is only necessary to clean, without impurities, in no case can not give treated with pesticides, with traces of vital activity of rodents.
You can not give the bird and fresh bread, which causes fermentation processes in the intestines, swelling, crackers is much more useful.
Horsetail, hogweed, wormwood and poisonous shrubs with bright fruits should in no case grow on the spot walking of curious creatures who like to taste everything unfamiliar to the taste.
What you need to know about feeding chickens
Nutrition is a key factor in effective chicken production. In feeding birds, the question “How?” Is no less important than the question “What?”. No matter how correct and useful is the chicken coop diet, you will not achieve maximum productivity if you ignore the diet and nutritional standards:
- Portions of feed for chickens should be equal. In small farms poultry houses often pour food "by eye", but this is wrong. Stronger individuals may oppress the weak by depriving them of food. From here, some chickens can get worse. Experts advise to make a control measurement of the mass of the portions.
- Feeding should take place at about the same time. In this case, breakfast for layers is required early, from 7 to 8 in the morning. If you feed a bird on a confused schedule, egg production will be lower than that characteristic of a particular breed.
- It is important that the amount of food does not exceed the norm. Underfeeding also has a bad effect on productivity. In the summer, one chicken usually has 130-140 g of dry food per day, in the cold - 140-160 g. The young hen is fed more often, up to 4 times a day, but the total portion size remains the same.
Attention! The normal portion of feed per one hen is calculated as follows: a chicken weighing 1.8 kg with good egg production rates should not exceed 125 g of food per day. Every next 200 g of weight increases the portion by 7-8 g.
Chicken Diet Basics
The easiest way to buy and use a specialized mixture for egg breeds. It is filled with all the necessary trace elements. However, in a caring owner, the proportion of such feed in the diet is not more than one third. If you feed the birds only with them, the egg will lose the bright color of the yolk and the characteristic rustic taste.
Experts recommend combining daily healthy food for laying hens with the following components:
- wheat - 50 g,
- crushed barley - 40 g,
- crushed corn - 10 g,
- bran - 20 g,
- shells, chalk - in the amount of 8 g,
- bone meal and salt - not more than 1.5 g,
- yeast - 1 g,
- special mixture to increase egg production - 1 g.
In the season, chickens are fed by root crops (spring and autumn) and by greens - 40 g each. At the same time, the rate of other feed decreases. Even a good chicken diet with lack of care, low mobility can lead to obesity. Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Kuchinsky, Plymouthrock and some other popular breeds are prone to this. In caring for them, poultry farmers make fasting days: half a serving of wet mash for lunchtime and greens with water instead of other meals.
Wet food - convenient food for birds. Prepare it easy. Cook and mash potatoes, chop vegetables, prepare cereals, wheat bran, greens. Also in the mash add the bread, meal and cake. The grass in the wet mix can be thrown whole, if the chickens live in an aviary or a chicken coop. If the bird is in cages, chop the greens.
Attention! Pure water or whey is used as a basis for the mash. It is important that portions be eaten immediately and completely, otherwise the dish will become sour and may harm the health and egg production of chickens.
Principles of proper nutrition of chickens
The need of layers for certain mineral elements depends on the time of year. The table suggests where and what adjustments need to be made in the diet of birds. For example, the total share of barley and wheat in the summer is about 10 g more than the norm, and in the autumn it is 5 g less.
In the hot period, roots and boiled potatoes are replaced by nettle, alfalfa and other greens. You can occasionally pamper a bird with fish or meat.
Experts remind that for successful breeding chickens and proper drinking. Keep the water in the drinker fresh and clean. For disinfection, it is better to slightly paint it with potassium permanganate. For chicken, digesting food is just as important as feeding itself. Therefore, there should be dishes with chalk or gravel near the trough.
In the process of feeding you should not overdo it with calcium. In normal quantities, it is useful, in excess - reduces appetite and egg production. Healthy nutrition of chickens depends on the full vitamin set, but it is equally important to adhere to the diet.
The goal of any poultry farmer is that his hen give eggs every day! This is possible to do when creating optimal conditions for it. The egg production rate of chickens kept in the home is most affected by such factors as:
- the breed of chicken, its age, health,
- conditions of detention,
- and the most important factor is the diet of feeding.
According to most poultry farmers, it is necessary to feed the hen regularly and in equal portions. Very negative impact on egg production overfeeding or underfeeding birds. Remember that chickens are early birds and since you have started a farm and expect high performance from it, adapt to their biorhythms and do not keep waiting for breakfast for a long time.
For the first meal, wet mash with the addition of crushed grain, crushed potatoes, bran, mineral supplements, meat and bone meal or fish meal are very well suited. You can do the preparation for the mash in the evening, but finally you need to knead it in the morning, every day a new one. This food is intended for one time, it can not be stored. It is better to make an evening meal for chickens about an hour before bedtime, and it’s good if you can calculate the time and portion so that the chickens can eat up all the food. For chicken dinner every day, the presence of whole grains!
Poultry farmers recommend feeding the bird with different types of grain in turn, and periodically giving the hens a grain mixture. Очень полезна для хорошей яйценоскости пшеница – это белковая пища, которая к тому же содержит витамины группы В и Е. Если 50% рациона несушки, содержащейся в домашних условиях, будет составлять пшеница в разных видах, значит нестись ваша курочка будет хорошо!
The diet of your hen must necessarily include greens, roots, mineral supplements and elements such as phosphorus and calcium. If you notice that the egg production of your hens for some reason fell, do not increase the amount of feed for them. The feed rate per hen should be in the range of 120-140 g. A lot of food leads to obesity and chickens carry eggs worse, it is better to reconsider the qualitative composition of the diet and feed the hens more fully.
If you are purchasing factory feed for layers, choose a trusted supplier for this, the feed should be well made, the rules for its transportation and storage should be observed. We invite you to watch the video, which tells about what and how you can feed your chickens so that they can fly well and give a lot of eggs!
The diet of your chickens can not be the same all year round, it should be slightly modified depending on the time of year. For example, in the spring in the diet include more mineral supplements and vitamins, trying to make feed more nutritious. Indeed, during this period, a certain number of eggs are selected for incubation in order to breed chickens at home. In the summer, when a lot of green fodder, increase its share in the total diet. In the summer, some breeders can only feed the hens with grass, grain and root crops grown on their land.
In addition to the delicious and rational menu, you need to properly care for your layers, then they will carry a lot of eggs and please you with eggs with enviable regularity. There is nothing complicated here, the main thing is to follow some recommendations.
- Make for your hens at least a small pen, when the hen has the ability to live a mobile life, this has a positive effect on its egg production. Besides walking on the street, chickens peck at individual blade of grass and larvae, “bathe” in the ground or ashes.
- Layers are very demanding on the length of daylight, it should be at least 14-17 hours. The fact is that the process of egg formation lasts about 22 hours. And the longer your hen is active and active, the faster it will carry an egg.
- Try not to create unnecessary stress for the hens, they lead to a decrease in the number of eggs. The stress can be attributed to the change of place of deployment of the chicken coop, moving, lack of feeding schedule.
- Layers are also sensitive to temperature fluctuations. Try to make a stable temperature in the hen house and avoid overcooling the hens.
- Pay attention to ventilation - clean air is one of the necessary components of high egg production.
If you can comply with these simple requirements, your laying hens will surely be better and please you with eggs every day all year round!
What to do in the winter?
Winter is a special time of the year, which requires some effort on your part in order for your hens to live comfortably. I must say that for these laying hens will thank you for their good egg production. The first thing to do in order for chickens to fly well during the cold season is to establish a source of artificial light for a long day. For a low-hen house with an area of 6-12 m2, a single bulb of 70-100 watts will suffice. Optimally, if it burns from 6-7 o'clock in the morning to 21-22 o'clock in the evening.
Next, pay attention to the temperature, it should be in the range of 10-20C. Chickens retain a high egg production rate if the temperature is constantly maintained at 12-14C. Do not allow the temperature below zero - egg-laying may stop altogether. Watch for humidity in the chicken coop, it should be in the range of 60-70%. Dampness, as well as drafts, adversely affects the health of your bird and reduces the number of eggs.
In winter, laying hens is best kept on a bed made of sawdust, straw or hay. It changes with pollution. As for the diet, it is not very different from the "summer", you must also feed the chickens according to the schedule 2 times a day. You can make mash and whole grain has not been canceled. Herb flour or vitamin hay from legumes (alfalfa, clover, vetch) harvested during the warm period will help to fill the deficit of greens.