In the article I will consider the features of the rabbit dachshund breed. This is the smallest species of this breed. Thanks to their cheerful disposition, mobility and fearless character, these small “hunters” are very popular all over the world. I will tell you what a rabbit dachshund looks like, to whom such a dog is suitable, where and how to contain it.
Description of the breed rabbit dachshund
The first mentions (drawings) of these animals were found on the walls of the tomb of the Egyptian Pharaoh. However, the formation and development of the breed began in the XVI century in Germany.
Initially, the dachshund was used exclusively for burrowing, a little later, these dogs became indispensable fighters with rodents.
These animals were distinguished by purposefulness, passion and incredible endurance. But they could not keep up with the fast foxes or hares, but they beautifully designated the prey in a voice and pursued it in narrow burrows.
No breeding work on the breeding of this breed was carried out. It is believed that the ancestor of the dachshund are small dogs of the Brakk breed, which endowed the dogs with an excellent instinct and ability to follow the trail of the beast.
However, over time it became necessary to reduce the size of animals, since many of them died in burrows, without the possibility of getting out of it. That is why local breeders selected miniature animals. This is how a rabbit dachshund appeared, capable of not only penetrating into the holes, but also maneuvering in them.
Appearance can be characterized by a compact body, elongated, muscular body, oval chest and very short limbs.
Appearance can be characterized by a compact and strong physique.
- height at withers: up to 15 cm
- weight: 2-3.5 kg (not more than)
- head: wedge-shaped, elongated to the nose
- ears: long, hanging, set high
- eyes: widely spaced, oval-shaped, dark brown, blue or pearl iris colors allowed
- nose: black or brown, tinted with wool
- teeth: regular scissor bite
- limbs: strong, short, evenly spaced, sometimes with a small spread, back - muscular, straight
- tail: medium length, flat or sickle-shaped, not very thin, carried freely or at the level of the spine
- wool: depending on the type, it can be smooth, tight, long, soft or the dog may be hard-haired
- color: red (all shades), fawn, black and tan, marble.
Black color without tan and white are not allowed.
The life expectancy of rabbit dachshund is 12-15 years.
Rules of the maintenance and care of the dog
Content in the aviary or on the chain is unacceptable. However, these animals feel great in open space, love to walk, dig the ground. You need to walk at least twice a day. Long walks must be accompanied by games.
Care is not difficult, but there are some points that need to be emphasized.
Shedding dachshunds twice a year. The hair of a long-haired dog should be combed with a special brush with a length of bristles and a comb with sparse teeth.
Smooth-haired representatives of the breed enough to wipe with a towel
Smooth-haired representatives of the breed enough to wipe with a towel or comb with a soft brush. For coarse wool coat care, you will need a comb with wide teeth.
It is necessary to bathe a pet no more than two times a year, except for washing paws. Up to 6-7 months bathing a puppy is not recommended at all.
Regular care involves clipping the claws with a special claw, eye treatment with clean water, and examination of the ears and skin for tumors and dirt.
Pet feeding must be taken responsibly. Feed the animal no more than twice a day. In between feeding, you can give fruit, but only as a reward.
The diet of the pet should consist of fresh meat, lean sea fish, cereals, dairy products and vegetables. It is forbidden to feed an animal from the table, smoked, salty, fatty and sweet food.
Improper diet will increase the possibility of manifestation of genetically determined health problems, in particular obesity. Puppies are fed 5-6 times a day, gradually decreasing their multiplicity to twice a day.
Despite the good nature and cheerful disposition, the character of the rabbit dachshunds is not so simple. These animals are very intelligent and alert, and they are able to make independent decisions quickly.
Dachshunds are very attached to the owner and family members, as they are the real owners. Even their own toys and things they are very jealous.
Dachshund family dog, gets along well with children and pets. However, if the dachshund is not given due attention, it can exhibit undesirable behavior by biting family members, chasing pets and destroying furniture.
- courage and courage
- good nature and cheerful disposition
Like all breeds, dachshunds have their own few drawbacks:
- sometimes gratuitous barking unauthorized people or animals
- touchiness and rancor
- digging habit
- frequent diseases associated with the physiology of dachshunds.
Possess a softer and docile nature, compared with other varieties of this breed.
Proper education and training fees will transform all the flaws into advantages. It is possible to tame the willfulness of these animals only with the right approach and regular training with a dog from puppyhood.
Dachshunds are easy to train and remember all the commands from 2-3 times. However, the process of educating and training teams requires patience and calm from the owner. You can start learning from two months.
A young dog must be taught to walk on a leash. Thanks to a pronounced hunter instinct, they love to dig the ground, to run away from the owner. Therefore, before you let the animal free-range, you need to make sure that the pet implicitly executes commands.
The manifestation of rudeness in relation to the animal is unacceptable. It will be very difficult to return the dog’s trust and it will become an unruly and arrogant dog.
Rabbit dachshund, like other breeds, has a predisposition to certain genetic diseases.
- eye diseases (atrophy of the optic nerve, cataracts)
- kidney disease
- discopathy (deformity of the vertebral discs)
- skin diseases
With excessive and improper feeding dachshunds quickly gaining excess weight. For the prevention of skin diseases and obesity, the pet must be fed high-quality natural or dry food.
In order to avoid infection with infectious diseases (plague, rabies, leptospirosis, adenoviroz), as well as enteritis, puppies and adult dogs should be vaccinated in time.
Puppies are vaccinated according to the standard for all breeds scheme of complex vaccines. The pet must be completely healthy and undergo deworming. Adult animals are vaccinated once a year.
How much is
You need to acquire a rabbit dachshund puppy in a specialized kennel, registered in RKF. Here are some of them: “Emerald Tale” (Moscow), “Doksi Dream” (St. Petersburg).
- individuals (without documents and pedigree) - from 2-5 thousand rubles.
- nursery (without further breeding, without the possibility of participation in exhibitions) - 10-20 thousand rubles.
- nursery (puppies with documents titled by parents) - from 30 thousand rubles and above.
It is best to get a pet at the age of 2 months, by this time the puppy is already eating independently, begins to show character.
The puppy must be clean and well maintained. The skin without damage and hair loss, wool shiny. You also need to pay attention to the behavior of the animal.
It would be useful to look at the parents of the puppy, at least the mother. Also do not forget about the verification of documents and vetpasport on a puppy.
Rabbit dachshund is the smallest species of this breed. These brave dogs are distinguished by their small size and softer character. Therefore, the "rabbits" are perfect for housing maintenance, they love children very much and are loyal to the owner.
This is an ideal family dog and lovers of an active lifestyle.
Rabbit dachshund was bred in Germany for hunting. For representatives of the breed is characterized by short legs and a very elongated body. Such a constitution allows the animal to be considered one of the most versatile useful breeds of hunting dogs. Dogs are equally good at working underground, on land and on water.
Rabbit dachshund (photo is given in the article) is considered to be a very ancient breed. The exact time of its appearance is still unknown. Some experts suggest that dogs, very similar to modern dachshunds, appeared in ancient Egypt. But other dog experts believe that the breed appeared in the south of Germany. The first mention of it in this region dates back to the beginning of the sixteenth century. The forebears of animals are considered undersized German hounds, which were originally considered to be a marriage of a breed because of a disproportionate build. But later, this flaw was rightly recognized as a virtue. Due to its physique, the rabbit dachshund is recognized as the best in the burrow hunt. This title is worth a lot.
One of the oldest German clubs for many decades has been breeding several varieties of the breed, which differ in wool quality and size. In total, there are nine species, each of which has its own standard.
Dachshunds are divided into standard, rabbit and dwarf. Rabbit fur, depending on the length of the coat, is represented by three types:
- Shorthair, or smooth-haired.
The official establishment of the breed occurred in Germany in the nineteenth century after a significant increase in the number of dachshunds. The first standard was adopted in 1870. Currently used standard adopted in 1979 in Germany. Taxes deservedly occupy their place of honor in the popularity rating. They are incredibly widespread on all continents.
For breeding, breeders crossed simple dachshunds with pinschers. But animals often had a snout of the latter, a narrow chest, high legs, were completely non-gazing on a hunt and had a nervous character. Therefore, in the future, it was decided to display rabbit dachshunds, selecting the smallest representatives of the breed with good hunting qualities.
Only small individuals took part in breeding animals. Breeders are faced with the problem of maintaining the correct proportions in dwarf dogs. And still managed to bring two breeds: rabbit and dwarf.
The small size of the animals was necessary for the dogs to work in the holes of the rabbits. By the way, the breed is good for hunting, not only for rabbits, but also for other animals that live in burrows. But due to its modest size, the dachshund cannot overcome an adversary that exceeds it in size. Rabbit dachshund (photo given in the article) is also used for hunting on the surface of the earth.
She takes the mark well and pounds the animals with her voice, pointing her master to the location of the prey. But such a hunt with dachshunds should not get carried away, because the animal has a predisposition to back diseases that lead to paralysis.
In addition to hunting rabbits, the dachshund can take over the function of retrievers, searching for game on the water and in the thickets. Representatives of the breed can swim and calmly relate to water. Therefore, they can be used for water hunting. Dachshunds hunt for squirrels no worse than ordinary rabbits. But this will have to train puppies of rabbit dachshund, starting from 7-9 months. According to statistics, only 30% of dogs use for hunting purposes. Mostly dogs are bred for decorative purposes. Well representatives of the breed cope with the guard functions, because their barking is heard from afar.
Rabbit Dachshund: breed description
Breed representatives are considered the tiniest. The breast volume of its representatives is only 30 centimeters, and the weight does not exceed 3.5 kg. Animals have short legs and a muscular long body. The paws of dogs are very strong and strong, which allows the dogs to jump out of the holes of the rabbits. Dachshunds have very well developed fingers with thick claws. Hind limbs smaller than the front.
Proud posture gives the animal a funny look. The head of the animals is elongated and extended to the nose. Muscular neck smoothly passes into the shoulders. Animals have 42 teeth. Jaws strong with bite-like “blunt scissors”. The eyes are widely set, they can be blue or dark. Ears of medium length hang down. Their unusual length is associated with adaptation to hunting. They prevent dirt from entering the auricle while hunting in burrows.
The skin of dogs is elastic and not wrinkled. Body squat with a powerful chest. In animals, the belly is perfectly matched. In height, males reach 12-15 centimeters, and females - 10-13 centimeters. The coat depends on the subspecies of the breed, since animals can be short-haired and long-haired. Rabbit dachshunds (the photo is given in the article) are very mobile dogs.
As we have already mentioned, there are several subspecies of the rabbit dachshund: sleek, long-haired and wire-haired. They all differ in the structure of the coat. Long-haired rabbit dachshunds (photo is given in the article) have wavy hair. It reaches its greatest length on its hind legs, on the ears, under the neck, on the chest. But at the same time the whole body can not be covered with long hair. At the same time, it should not be too curly.
Smooth haired rabbit dachshund has a short and shiny cover. But at the same time the wool is not hard. The coarsest pile is at the hard-haired subspecies, since it has undercuts. Such dogs have a beard and eyebrows, unlike other subspecies. The tail of animals is also thickly covered with wool.
Nature of animals
Representatives of the rabbit breed dachshunds from childhood have a soft and friendly character. They perfectly adapt to each family member. Dogs are very curious and intelligent, but at the same time they do not tolerate rudeness. Dwarf and rabbit dachshunds have a milder character. They are incredibly hardy and viable, their nervous system is resistant. Pets are very fond of active walks and games with elements of hunting tasks. Even the smallest doggies are very brave and courageous. They have a very developed sense of dignity. Dogs - these mischievous. They are able to cheer up everyone around. Dachshunds are incredibly sweet, but at the same time jealous. Animals easily adapt to urban conditions. Dogs can walk into the tray without forcing the owners to go outside each time. But do not forget that animals really need long walks and love them. Dachshunds get along well not only with all family members, but also with other pets.
With improper upbringing, animals become extremely stubborn and disobedient. If the pet is guilty, it can not be punished physically, as the dog will hate you. It would be more appropriate to ignore the animal for some time. The playful nature of the dog does not tolerate the owners indifference, so this will be the best lesson. Training a pet must begin at the age of a puppy.
Dachshunds are undemanding in care. And yet some points need to be monitored. At the age of two months, puppies need to be vaccinated. A couple of weeks to do revaccination. The next vaccination is done after the animal's teeth change (approximately at the age of 6-7 months). Only ten days after the procedure, you can go for a walk. Despite the fact that dogs are extremely active, it is necessary to avoid jumping so that the vertebrae do not move.
The main question asked by the owners is how to feed the dog? Rabbit Dachshund prefers natural food. Animals love dairy products, cereals, meat and vegetables. Meat products are better to give at night, then they are much better absorbed. Dogs do not need to overfeed.
Pet grooming is very simple. Long-haired and wire-haired dog must be combed with a brush and wiped with a towel. After walking, the feet are wiped with a damp cloth, and the body is washed in warm water under the shower. Full bathing animals with shampoo should be rarely carried out. Detergent is selected depending on the type of wool. Very small puppies aged 4-5 months are not recommended to bathe.
Require special attention eyes of dogs. If you notice that mucus appears in the corners in the morning, it must be removed with cotton wool dipped in tea. Dachshund ears must be inspected daily. If sulfur appears, it must be removed with a cotton swab treated with hydrogen peroxide or boric alcohol.
You can not poke around too deep in the auricle, so as not to accidentally injure the animal. Если ваш пес не любит чистки ушей, то можно использовать очищающие ушные капли.
Уход за таксами включает в себя обрезку кончиков когтей. Процедура требует аккуратности исполнения. Для ее проведения придется приобрести когтерезку. Adult animals independently grind off claws on asphalt.
Like other hunting breeds, dachshunds have excellent health. And yet the breed is subject to certain ailments. Most often, dogs have back problems. Therefore, anxiety of a pet should be taken as a signal to action. If the animal takes unusual postures, you should immediately contact the veterinarian. Excessive delay can turn the dog into a cripple.
Puppies with a lack of minerals and vitamins are prone to osteoporosis. Also, dachshunds may appear diseases associated with skin dystrophy. Dogs are prone to obesity, ocular ailments, epilepsy and ear diseases. To avoid trouble will allow regular visits to the vet.
Buying a puppy
You can buy a pet in nurseries and ads. The first option is the most preferred. Now on the Internet, you can find many forums where people share information and post photos of puppies and his parents. Before buying, you need to choose which type of dachshund you want to purchase. Be sure to analyze the reviews of people who contain such a dog.
Sometimes potential customers meet the breeders and order a puppy from the next mating. In Moscow, a rabbit dachshund can be purchased for 300-800 dollars. The cost of a puppy depends on the pedigree of the parents. Titled dogs, which act on the inserts, give excellent offspring. But the cost of such a puppy will be considerable. But pet pet-class can be purchased much cheaper.
Who is suitable dachshund?
Small dachshunds were originally bred for hunting, but now most of the people have such pets as cheerful companions. Dogs easily adapt to any conditions. It is easy to characterize the people who would suit such a pet. The owner must be active and easy to lift in order to provide the animal with the necessary loads. Dogs get along well with everyone. They find a common language with children. For the youngest children, the dachshund will become a protector and a nanny. The dog will not let anyone get bored, for which representatives of the breed are valued.
It is necessary to acquire puppies only in nurseries with good reviews. Very often, customers are deceived by selling not the kind for which people pay. Sometimes, under the guise of a rabbit breed, customers are handed a dwarf species. And they can even sell the most ordinary dachshund, recommending to feed it less. So do the dishonest breeders. It is impossible to make a miniature dog out of a normal dog, by reducing its diet, it can only be harmful to health, since the puppy should receive good nutrition and develop well. With insufficient feeding, the dog will never grow up healthy. Even if you fell for tricks and purchased not a miniature breed, but a standard one, you should not worry. The main thing is that your pet is healthy and full of energy. With his cheerful disposition, any dachshund will bring fun and laughter to the house. You don’t have to miss this funny friend.
Characteristics of the rabbit dachshund breed
Rabbit dachshund - hunting hole breed of dogs. This is the smallest representative of the kind of dachshunds.
Other breed names:
- rabbit dwarf
Initially, they were bred for hunting small animals (hares and rabbits), later the rabbit dachshund acquired the status of a room-decorative breed. But the hunting quality has not lost.
Rabbit Dachshund breed description
Rabbit dachshund owner of a proud posture and head held high. Breast volume up to 30 centimeters, weight - about 3.5 kilograms. Fully formed kids to one and a half years.
The small size should not be misleading about the strength of these dogs. They have a harmonious build, strong bones and well-developed muscles.
Externally, they are no different from standard or miniature, have a muscular compact body and short strong limbs.
Getting into the burrows, often covered with earth, is helped by the fact that the front legs are larger than the hind legs and very well developed.
- Muzzle oblong, tapering to the tip of the nose.
- Eyes oval, medium size, dark brown.
- The ears are high, rounded at the ends, hanging down.
In accordance with the type of coat, rabbit dachshund is divided into three types:
- long haired
- hard haired
Shorthair have smooth short hair.
In the long-haired she is soft, slightly wavy, long in the ears, neck, torso, tail and back of the legs,
In wire-haired, the coat is close fitting, thick with undercoat. Unlike the rest of the breed, there is a small beard, mustache and eyebrows.
Color rabbit dachshund
Photo of a rabbit dachshund with a favorite toy
Rabbit dachshunds do not differ in color from other representatives of the breed:
- Monochrome color: red, fawn, black, all shades of red (ranging from yellowish and ending in mahogany).
Nose black, as well as claws.
- Two-tone: black - brown with burnish reddish brown
- Brindle and marble (gray, brown, white, with black, red, dark brown or red spots)
- Sable (there are splashes of hair with black ends)
- Combinations of black, gray or chocolate color are possible.
- White markings on hind and front paws are acceptable.
- Tan color (light spots above the eyes, on both sides of the muzzle, chest and paws)
Rabbit dachshund character
The nature of the rabbit dachshund is softer than its big brothers, but still it is a courageous, energetic and cheerful creature. They are independent, balanced, friendly with a highly developed sense of self-worth.
The breed of dogs is playful, cheerful, mischievous and curious, always ready to cheer up the owner.
Rabbit dachshund puppies easily socialize, quickly get used to keep clean and are friendly even to cats.
In urban conditions, they feel excellent, their maintenance does not require large expenditures, but life in a country house with a spacious courtyard is a real paradise for it.
If necessary, the baby can be accustomed to the tray, but it is worth considering that they need long walks.
Thanks to these qualities, they rightfully deserve the status of ideal pets.
Rabbit dachshund is a tireless, hardy, unpretentious, courageous, purposeful, intelligent breed. Like any hunter from the animal world, has a great sense.
Photo smooth-haired rabbit dachshund
Easily adapts to any conditions, has good health, adapts to the nature of each family member.
Does not endure long loneliness, begins to miss, misbehave, spoil things in the house.
Loud and sonorous voice makes them excellent watchmen, perfectly coping with the role of a devoted companion.
They are tender, but at the same time very jealous and ardent owners.
Initially displayed as hunters, they can be capricious and not always obedient, so you should not be light-minded about education and training.
Like other dachshunds, the rabbit is smart and intelligent, but does not forgive rudeness. The most effective punishment for them is ignoring.
With improper and cruel upbringing, the character of a pet can be easily spoiled by making it stubborn, naughty, capable of pranks and arrogance.
In the training of the dachshund, it is necessary to show patience, enthusiasm and love, and then the result will please you.
You can not persuade the dog to perform commands, they must be served loudly, clearly and clearly.
After completing the command, praise and be sure to treat your pet with your favorite delicacy.
Rabbit Dachshund Care
Caring for a rabbit dachshund is not difficult, nature itself has taken care that the hunter's fur is easily cleaned of dirt. But, nevertheless, care for your pet is necessary. Moult seasonal, with good care, unobtrusive.
Comb a wool haired, long-haired or sleek-haired dachshund 2 times a week with a brush or a massage mitten. This procedure removes dust, dead hair, and a pleasant massage improves blood circulation.
Inspect the ears daily for excess sulfur or dirt. If necessary, treat your ears with a cotton pad dipped in water, boric alcohol, or hydrogen peroxide. Take care to avoid ear damage.
Walk 2 two times a day, at least 1 -2 hours.
After the walk, wipe the face, paws and genitals with a damp cloth or rinse with a shower.
It is recommended to bathe every 10 days or as needed, with a special shampoo for dogs, respectively, according to the type of your pet's coat.
Once a month, be sure to treat your pet with an anti-parasite agent (ticks, fleas). The drug (Advantiks, Frontline, etc.) is applied on the back of the dog, the area between the shoulder blades, closer to the neck, so that it cannot lick.
Do not bathe for 10 days after treatment, so as not to wash off the drops, do not iron the first day (protect children from contact with the animal during the day).
In addition to drops, there are other means to combat parasites:
- the sprays
- collar collars
Rabbit dachshund photos of kids on a lounger
Before treating drugs, consult your veterinarian. It will help you choose the means suitable for your pet. Be sure to take into account her age, weight, susceptibility to allergies, the type of coat and the degree of infection with insects.
By nature, the dachshund is often in contact with animals, domestic and wild, respectively, is subject to infection with worms.
1 time in three months, carry out deworming (prevention of worms), the drug is sold in a veterinary pharmacy, in the form of tablets and suspensions.
Claws cut 1 - 2 times a month with a nail clipper. Do it better after swimming.
Eyes healthy dachshund clean without accumulation in the corners. With a slight souring, wipe with a cotton pad dipped in a weak tea brew.
In case of heavy tearing and strong acidification, contact a veterinarian for help.
Teeth brush once a week, with a brush or a fingertip, using a paste to remove plaque in dogs.
Only the veterinarian removes tartar with special tools. For the prevention of stone, the dog is allowed to chew a piece of fresh tomato.
Clothing . In the cold season, a smooth-haired dachshund must be dressed in a sweater or overalls, she is without an undercoat, and these crumbs are cold.
Rabbit Dachshund food
They are fed with balanced ready-made food or home-made food, for each pet the owner chooses the diet. Feed only fresh food, room temperature. Provide constant access to drinking water, change it every day.
Products prohibited for dogs:
- fatty meat (pork)
- smoked meats
- spicy food
- seasonings, salty food.
You can not mix organic foods and ready-made food in one feeding. If the dachshund is not finished, the food should not be left in the bowl, hide the food in the refrigerator, and in the next feeding give a smaller portion.
Pay attention to the amount of delicacies you give out to your dog every day, and take this into account when drafting a diet. In feeding the dachshund, it is important not to overdo it, the breed is prone to obesity.
In addition, it is necessary to provide them with the opportunity to participate in active games, but jumping up and down is undesirable, as they lead to the displacement of the vertebrae.
Owners of rabbit dachshunds leave positive feedback on the breed. People say that the animal has a very friendly and peaceful nature. Pets are incredibly smart and smart. They get along well with all family members and even with other animals. With the owners of the dog very quickly find a common language, becoming the best friend. Breeders believe that the cute appearance of the dachshund is the best characteristic of its character.
Sometimes animals can show their character and stubbornness. But it happens rarely. In addition, negative traits are quickly corrected by education and training. No matter which subspecies to choose - with long, short or hard wool, in any case, you get a faithful friend who will thank you for your love and attention. Even if you are far from hunting, a rabbit dachshund will be a good companion for you. Well, for small game hunters, you can't find a better helper. Due to its versatility, dogs can walk on various small animals.
History of origin
Dachshunds are dogs with an ancient history. On the wall in the tomb of Pharaoh Thutmose III an image of a dog with a long body and a muzzle, with short legs, and high-legged hunting dogs were found. This image dates from the middle of the 2nd century BC. But even more ancient sculptural images of “short-cut” are in Assyrian culture. But it is hardly these ancient hunting dogs that became the ancestors of the modern dachshund.
Presumably they lead their pedigree from small hunting dogs - the bracke. They are close to the dachshund on the exterior and character. A large role in breeding the breed must be assigned to German breeders. They set themselves a difficult task - to bring tiny dachshunds, which not only could penetrate the hole for prey, but also maneuver in it.
In the quest for miniaturization, dwarf pinscher, spaniel or miniature schnauzer blood was added to the normal (standard) size dachshunds. But with such a crossing it was rarely possible to get an animal with the desired parameters - either the character and working qualities, or the exterior suffered.
Breeders have gone from the idea of interbreeding and began to apply the selection. They reduced the smallest representatives of the breed, choosing the smallest dachshunds from the resulting offspring. Only at the end of the XIX century was it possible to “put on stream” the receipt of copies with the specified characteristics.
In dachshunds there is a one-color and two-color color. Monochrome:
- light red or reddish yellow,
- pale yellow.
The presence of sable (with black tips) color and white, small size, spots on the chest.
- black and tan
- chocolate - brown and tan.
For marble dachshunds, the base color should be dark:
Spots of medium-sized, randomly located, gray or beige. Brindle color - fawn or red with dark tigers.
In wire-haired subspecies, in addition to those listed above, there is a “boar” color from light boar to dark boar. For all subspecies of rabbit dachshunds, black color without tan and white color are disqualifying.
Rabbit dachshund is not at all inclined to aggression, with a stable nervous system. It is a dog of dignity, alert and courageous. Due to the combination of such features, the dachshund easily gets along with the inhabitants of the house and is an excellent companion.
Owners and breeders celebrate intelligence, autonomy and speed in decision making. The dog does not tolerate pressure and rudeness. The friendliness and softness of the character in the rabbit dachshund is even more pronounced than in the standard.
Dogs of this breed are jealous owners. They demonstrate this trait, both in relation to the owner, and personal items, toys. Quickly get used to the rest of the family and treat them well. They love to play, they are happy to participate in children's entertainment, outdoor games.
Dogs are curious, happy to meet and communicate with strangers, but after the permission of the owner. In the nature of the dachshund, stubbornness and cunning are noted, which are the essential quality of the hunting instinct. The dog, stubbornly, despite the danger and inconvenience, will sit in the hole, blocking the prey, until the hunter pulls out the prey and the dog.
The dachshund is famous for its courage - it can safely rush to a big game, for example, a wild boar, but, nevertheless, its courage is not reckless. She is weighing her chances and planning an attack. She is aggressive towards prey; in relation to others, the dachshund is able to control her emotions.
The well-known Russian zoologist and popularizer of hunting art, L. P. Sabaneev, described the nature of the dachshund as a very intelligent, pet-sensitive animal. He noted the touchiness and rancor of the dachshund. The scientist stressed that the dachshunds are the best dog for home keeping. Thanks to keen hearing and intelligence, a dog will never bark in vain.
Upbringing and training
Rabbit dachshund, like its larger relatives, requires early socialization and education of a tender, attentive, patient and consistent owner. The ability to independently make decisions and assess the situation may look like stubbornness and unwillingness to execute commands.
The dog as if gives the owner the opportunity to reconsider the order. If the team disagrees with the dog's consideration, he may not obey, then the coach will need perseverance without violence. Pressure and rudeness make the dog angry. She perceives punishment painfully and remembers for a long time.
The dog's mind allows it to quickly learn and remember a large number of teams. The most important period for training for the rabbit dachshund is “adolescence” (2-8 months). The dog begins to "misbehave" - to spoil things, toys, furniture. Only long walks calm him down. The bad nature of the dog is the omission of the owner, who did not bring up the dog in time.
From an early age you need to teach a dachshund to a leash. These curious dogs get away to explore or chase. The hunting instinct drives a dog after cats, squirrels and other animals. До того, как пес твердо освоит запрещающие команды, необходимо его контролировать. Это относится и к выгулу. Даже с огороженной территории песик может совершить побег, сделав подкоп.
Такса легко поддается дрессировке в любом возрасте. From 4 months she is ready to master a minimum of commands, but adult dogs are not averse to learn something new. Especially if the training takes place in the form of a game.
The breed of dachshunds is a representative of the hunting breed of dogs. They require a lot of time and patience from the owner. This type of dachshund - one of the smallest, bred - for hunting rabbits, which often hid in holes and thus saved their lives, ordinary dachshunds couldn’t chase the beast in their burrows because of their size.
For a long time according to the description, the breed served as hunters, but soon the little dachshunds became decorative dogs, if desired, and now the breed can develop this skill, but more often the dog remains home-dwellers.
Rabbit dachshund can be of 3 species:
- long-haired dachshund,
- shorthair dachshund.
Character and features
The small size of the dog does not mean that she is weak and sees life only from the sofa. Due to their small size and breeding for active hunting, the breed is smarter, agile and inventive, and the endless flow of energy and the restless character of this dog are not always controllable.
The character of the dog is ambitious, the dog is always cheerful and playful. A distinctive trait of character is that the dachshund is fearless, with it you will never be afraid of dark places, despite its size, this breed will never leave the owner in danger.
It is difficult for her to be alone - it seems so boring that she cannot survive the separation from the owner for a long time.
Therefore, when leaving for work - leave the rabbit dachshund as many toys as possible, let them be in the accessibility zone, if this is not done, she herself will find toys for herself - it is better to remove the shoes, wires, adapters, small appliances from the floor beforehand, all that the dog can chew on and mess up.
Rabbit dachshund - a curious dog, always has time to find what is bad, and by virtue of its nature, it will surely gnaw and destroy.
But this may not save you to the end either, it is not possible to hide the wallpaper or live without flowers, and the neighbors will tell you more than once that the dog howls in your absence - but do not be alarmed, with age the dog will be calmer. To prevent such cases, walk more with the dog in time, play and give plenty of running.
Walks without boredom
An ordinary walk for a dachshund will not be enough. If you are not very active in your life and like to sit at home, then we do not recommend acquiring just such a breed.
She needs active walks, games in the park, trips to nature, a company for games - this is what is required for her. And do not hesitate, it will hunt all the small animals in the area - so frogs, squirrels and small birds can become potential prey, do not scold the dog, there's nothing to be done about it - this is the nature and instinct of the hunter.
In the cold season, the dachshund rabbit sleek and long-haired is no exception, needs protection from rain, wind and snow. Wearing a dog in the cold is a must. Take care in advance about the purchase of overalls for your pet.
Do not forget about some of the features of the breed:
- It is not recommended for puppies to descend and ascend on their own; it is better to carry the dog for a while, when the bones are not strong due to anatomical features, the formation may not be right
- All elevated surfaces in puppyhood are dangerous to the pet, if the baby falls, then the probability of damaging the spine or breaking a paw is very high, this applies to all breeds of dwarf dogs
- Dogs adore their owner, if at a small age you allow the dog to sleep in your bed, believe me, it will stay there forever. The dachshund should have its own place, secluded, quiet and soft, where it will calmly rest, preferably if the whole room is viewed from it.
Appearance and description of the breed
The smallest dachshunds in the breed weigh up to 3.5 kg, the height at the withers is 10 to 15 cm, and the breast volume is about 30 cm. The standard of the breed comes into effect only at the age of 1.5 years, when the formation is complete.
Often there is a practice when people sell regular smooth-haired or long-haired dachshund under the guise of rabbit dachshunds, try to take a puppy only from trusted breeders.
Do not take dogs in the bazaar or with hands, you will never be able to determine just by description whether the puppy of that breed got to you until the dog grows up.
With age, the dachshund takes on a beautiful view: the long-haired dachshunds look very nice, the flowing hair has a very beautiful look.
Smooth-haired dachshund does not lag behind: a strong muscular body of the dog, it looks very stately, a strong neck and a beautiful character, distinguish the breed from the total mass of other dogs.
A hard-haired dachshund is a very interesting dog, it looks rather unusual, funny and interesting.
The description of the care of the long-haired dachshund is not so much different from the smooth and wire-haired. Rabbit dachshund does not require complex or special care, the main thing is not to forget about the need to vaccinate in time.
- It is not necessary to bathe often, up to 6-8 months it is advisable not to bathe at all, it will be limited only to washing the paws
- Nails must be cut regularly, long-haired and wire-haired - with caution, the coat can interfere with the process and you can inadvertently injure the dog.
- Pay attention to the eyes, especially for long-haired and hard-haired dachshunds, the eyes must be clean, without secretions.
- Shorthair representative of the breed, it is enough to brush once a week and wipe with a damp cloth after a walk.
- A hard-haired dachshund should get a haircut twice a year and periodically comb out with a brush.
But the long-haired dachshund requires frequent and thorough combing, occasional swimming and professional grooming.
- A hard-haired and long-haired dachshund needs a thorough examination of the wool after a walk, a dog with it can bring anything, given its energetic character and hunting instinct, after running through the bushes and chases for squirrels and pigeons, sticks, leaves, chewing gums, turnips and much more.
- Do not forget to inspect the oral cavity for damage to teeth, odor. Ears should not slip away from your attention either, especially if the dachshund is haired or long haired.
- Rabbit dachshunds are well accustomed to the tray, they are very neat, but do not forget about full walks.
How to feed
The description of this breed makes it clear that the dog is very active, but often the owners make a big mistake - they overfeed the pet. Never do this, for a dog with such an active character, overweight is painful.
Decide on what feeding the puppy will be: food or natural products.
The feed is convenient, it does not need to be cooked, it is balanced and designed specifically for members of your breed.
Natural products are separately cooked food, calculated, balanced by you personally, and not the food that you eat, do not feed the dog from your table.
Begin gradually to accustom her to the food she will eat throughout her life. If you still cannot decide, consult a veterinarian or breeder.
Care and health
Rabbit dachshund is unpretentious in care, but this does not mean that the animal does not require care. Wool once a week brushed with a natural bristle. Longhaired dachshunds can be combed with a furminator - a brush-comb, which prevents the formation of tangles and accelerates molting.
During the molting procedure must be carried out daily. It is necessary to bathe the dachshund no more than once every 3-4 months. Rabbit dachshunds are very clean and avoid getting too dirty. They love water and can themselves take water procedures in an open pond.
Dachshund teeth need care, as they have a tendency to form tartar. To remove plaque will help a toothbrush, dry food or chewable "bones" of the veins. Claws also require care. They need to be cut every 14 days.
Care requires ears and eyes dogs. They need to be checked and cleaned regularly to avoid infections and breed diseases. Due to the nature of the structure, the spine of the dachshund is unstable, so you need to make sure that the dog does not jump from elevations - sofas, stools and does not stand on its hind legs.
At puppy age, you should not even allow the tax to go down the stairs. It is better to carry the dog while holding it. You can not raise the dog for the scruff of the neck, it can also cause the displacement of the vertebrae. With proper care, the rabbit dachshund lives 13-14 years.
The structural features determine the characteristic pathologies of the breed:
- black acanthosis (pigmental papillary dystrophy of the skin) - the pathology of the sebaceous glands, accompanied by compaction of the epidermis and hyperpigmentation,
- swimmer's syndrome - genetic pathology, accompanied by weakness of the ligaments and muscles, in which the puppy can not rise on its feet,
- intervertebral disc anomaly - discopathy,
- epilepsy of unknown etiology,
- pathology of the visual analyzer - cataract, eyelid reversal, optic nerve atrophy, retinal detachment, distichiasis, trichiasis,
- alopecia - focal baldness.
Rabbit dachshund puppies can detect rare autoimmune diseases:
- hormone-dependent alopecia,
- leaf-shaped pemphigus,
- sterile pyogranuloma,
- juvenile cellulite.
Statistics of veterinary clinics shows that the most common diseases in dachshunds are spinal pathologies (
30% of cases). A significant group of diseases are metabolic pathologies, so you should carefully choose the diet of the tax.
Mode and diet feeding
Tendency to obesity and indigestion require from the owner of the rabbit dachshund careful selection of the diet. Food should not be abundant in fats. The diet should include meat or fish (2/3 volume), vegetables, cottage cheese and other fermented milk products, cereal flakes.
The small size of the rabbit dachshund does not mean that food should be minimal. An active dog requires high-grade, high-calorie nutrition at the rate of 85-90 calories per kilogram of weight.
Propensity to the pathology of the skeletal system requires the introduction of vitamin-mineral supplements, products containing calcium. But it is necessary to maintain the balance of the mineral in order not to provoke its excess and the deposition of salts in the joints and the spine.
There should be enough fiber in food to avoid the onset of enteritis, colitis and other gastrointestinal diseases.
Where to buy a puppy?
Up to 15 months it is difficult to determine whether the puppy will be a rabbit dachshund, a dwarf or standard. Therefore, you should not buy a dog "from the hands" or from an untested breeder. In our country, the rabbit dachshund is a rather rare animal, but there are kennels engaged in professional breeding of dogs of this breed.
Before acquiring a pet, the owner should decide not only on whether he will use dogs for breeding, exhibitions or hunting, but also on the sex of the dachshund, as they have differences in character.
In Ukraine, the cost of puppies ranges from 800 to 4000 hryvnia. In Russia, the price ranges from 20,000 to 30,000 rubles. The maximum price is the cost of a pedigree puppy with a pedigree and an exhibition outlook from the nursery. Minimum - price in the province or puppies without documents.
The following kennels are engaged in breeding and selling puppies of rabbit dachshund in Moscow:
- "Emerald Tale", http://izumrud2008skazka.narod.ru/,
- Caladium Vis-a-vis, http://caladium-vizavi.narod.ru/,
- Norden Licht, http://www.norden-liht.net/,
- Formula of Success, http://www.formulauspeha.ru/.
In Kiev, rabbit dachshunds can be purchased in the Country of Limonia nursery, https://stranalimonia.jimdo.com/.
Rabbit Dachshund is an intelligent, dedicated, intelligent companion for a family who loves outdoor activities. Today, these dogs are used less and less often for hunting, but as a pet, a cheerful and sociable friend, a miniature “taksenysh” is simply irreplaceable.