A hunting dog is from the foothills of Germany, where this breed was bred for hunting badgers. Currently, there are three types of dachshunds: dwarf, standard and rabbit.
From the history of the breed
Hunters are well aware that in order for a dog to work effectively in any weather, it is necessary that its wool is dense and thick, with undercoat, the covering hair is hard and not permeable to moisture. This will protect the animal from serious injury when working in dense bush or underbrush.
It was these goals that were pursued when the hard-haired dachshund was bred. The first information about experiments with their breeding refers to 1797. In the second half of the XIX century, there were already three known varieties that are distinguished by their coat, including the wire haired dachshund.
For its breeding, blood of dog breeds with hard wool was added to smooth-haired individuals, including terriers: scotch terrier, dandy-dinmont, fox terrier, and some others. Participation in the formation of the breed and schnauzer is possible. The problem was that breeders dreamed of leaving the typical structure of the classic dachshund, its hunting qualities, flair, courage, anger to the beast, voice unchanged.
Therefore, securing this type of dachshund required a lot of effort and time on the part of dog breeders and professional breeders.
The Germans divided the types of wool in 1915, after which each of them was bred independently.
Wire-haired dachshund in Russia
On the territory of the Soviet Union and Russia, wire haired dachshunds first appeared in 1946. At the international exhibition in 1947 already registered four individuals. But this variety did not become very popular among Russian hunters, so there are quite a few working dogs with field diplomas listed in the breeding book. Therefore, the haired dachshund purchased on the market is not always purebred. Kennel breeding these animals can give you a guarantee that you buy a purebred and healthy dog.
Probably, it is not necessary to say that all dachshunds are outwardly very funny, but a wire haired dachshund, perhaps, can be considered a leader in the nomination “the most unusual appearance” among all types of dachshunds. An unusual wool is added to the crooked legs and stretched body. In these dogs, it is straight, thick, tough, no longer than three centimeters. It fits tightly to the body. Well developed undercoat. Bristly, coarse hair forms a thick mustache, beard and eyebrows.
The unusual structure of the wool makes it almost invulnerable to dirt, it justifies itself in our climate during walks in the winter. Caring for her is easy. It consists in regularly combing the hair with a comb or brush. Also the dog needs trimming. If you can not do this yourself, contact a specialist, otherwise the animal will suffer.
A shepherd dachshund comes in different colors, mostly one-color or two-color, in addition, there are brindle, marble and spotted colors. The most valuable is considered to be auburn.
Height 22-27 cm, weight 7-9 kg.
Experienced dog handlers and dog breeders recommend combining dry food with natural food. It is possible to feed both with one type of feed, and by mixing natural food with dry or canned food of high quality.
From natural products, adult dachshund is haired, puppies after three months should receive cottage cheese, lean meat, kefir, vegetable proteins. Dachshund products from your table are strictly contraindicated.
The basic rule of feeding these dogs is not to overfeed. Overweight and obesity can seriously affect the health of your pet. Up to four months, it is advisable to feed your puppy no more than four times a day. Then, up to six months - no more than three times. From six months to the end of life - no more than twice a day.
Rabbit dachshund (wire-haired)
This species differs from its “relatives” in the first place by its miniature size. Its height does not exceed 15 cm, weight not more than 3.5 kg.
This is a dachshund with a long body and short legs. Her body is elastic and muscular, the backbone is powerful.
The head of the rabbit dachshund, despite its elongation, is not too pointed towards the nose. In relation to the torso, it is quite massive. Hanging ears, tight to the cheekbones, they are elongated, but not too. The eyes are medium in size, painted in different shades of brown, very rarely, but there are dogs with blue eyes. Wool tough enough. It resembles a wire. It fits tightly over the body along the entire length and has an undercoat.
Rabbit dachshund has a friendly character towards people, despite the excellent hunting instinct and sufficiently developed skills of a guard dog, a small pet creates a relaxed and cheerful atmosphere in the house. During the hunting off-season, the dog’s tireless energy forces her to demonstrate various funny tricks and entertain her owners.
Dog Breeders Reviews
Anyone who owns a dachshund believes that this is a great companion - smart, funny, able to get along with all family members and pets. The hunters are delighted with the working qualities of this small dog.
Also, many owners are confident that their pets have an innate gift for psychoanalysis. One thing is indisputable - the dachshund always seeks to be in the center of attention and to give pleasure to its presence to family members. The dachshund feels keenly the owner's mood and very skillfully adapts to it. These dogs are incredibly active and affectionate, brave and attentive. For strangers are wary.
Peculiarities of the dog breed: haired dachshund
Scientists have established the age of the most ancient remains of tax-like dogs, found during archaeological excavations in Egypt - they are more than 4 thousand years old. But most of the remains were found on the territory of Germany, so this country is considered the birthplace of wire-haired dachshunds. Those ancient ancestors of modern dachshunds descended from hounds.
Later, in the Middle Ages, dachshunds were used as hunting dogs for burrowing wild animals. The modern type of wire-haired dachshunds began to form in the 16th century, fully formed by the 18th century.
In Russia, dachshunds were not used for hunting, in our country they have always been exclusively pets. After the Great Patriotic War, only 11 dachshunds remained in the USSR, the population in the country was on the verge of extinction.
The breed received international recognition in 1915, at the same time the breed standard was approved, including the following parameters:
- country of origin - Germany,
- medium height - 35 cm
- weight - no more than 9 kg,
- wool hard and thick with undercoat,
- color - marble, black, gray, red, black-red, gray-black, gray-red,
- muzzle elongated and narrow with pronounced eyebrows, mustache and beard,
- torso squat and elongated,
- paws short and powerful with strong joints,
- eyes oval regular almond-shaped forms of different shades of brown color; blue eyes are allowed for marble color,
- tail flat, narrowed to the end, crescent,
Rules of maintenance and care
Leaving is somewhat more difficult than for her shorthaired dachshund. For example, it includes such aspects and subtleties as:
- after eating pet you must wash your face or at least wipe your beard, as food particles stuck in the hairs will become a beneficial environment for the emergence and development of various bacteria,
- to participate in the exhibition, the animal will have to trim the mustache, eyebrows and beard,
- for swimming you need to use special shampoos for hard-haired breeds dogs,
Wire-haired dachshunds are heat-loving animals, so living in the yard in the open air will not work for them even in the warm season. In addition, in winter they need additional warming, drafts and overcooling of the animal are not allowed.
Nutrition of the animal should be as balanced as possible and include cereals, lean meat, boneless boiled fish, dairy products, vegetables and fruits. A puppy eats 4 times a day, an adult dog - 2 times a day.
It is also necessary to provide the animal with free access to water. It is strictly forbidden to feed the pet tubular bones, raw pork, sweets, salty, pastries.
Also care includes the following subtleties:
- once in 3 weeks you need to cut the claws,
- you can bathe the animal often enough, but with the use of detergents no more than once every 3 months,
- you should regularly inspect your ears and eyes for damage and infection, and clean them,
- Once a week you need to brush your pet's teeth.
This is a loyal and faithful animal. The greatest happiness for her is life in a large and close-knit family, where she gets along with all her members, from young to old. At the same time, it is a brave dog who, without thinking, will rush to protect from the danger of his master.
In addition, such a pet will be a great partner in games with children.
But you can not show indifference or cruelty to the dog, otherwise it becomes angry and aggressive. Dachshunds are obstinate and stubborn animals, prone to escapes.
These features will bring the owner a lot of inconvenience. But such qualities of their character, like wit and wit, coupled with agility and agility, more than compensate for their waywardness.
Experts recommend raising a pet immediately after purchase. In the first days it is necessary to teach the animal to recognize its name, to know where its place is, to walk on a leash.
There is a certain waywardness in the character of dachshunds, therefore, when training an animal, it is impossible to show softness and make concessions.
For the proper performance and humility of the puppy you need to treat a delicacy. But cruelty in the education and training, except for distrust of the owner and resentment at him, will not bring any fruit.
They have long been recognized as one of the smartest breeds of dogs, so they easily and quickly memorize commands, and also carry them out.
In general, experts consider dachshunds to be animals with good health. But it happens that they are unable to avoid certain diseases peculiar to their breed. These include obesity, dysplasia, epilepsy, back problems, and dysfunction of the thyroid gland.
A puppy must be well-groomed, active, playful and have a good appetite. After acquiring an animal, one should not forget about regular preventive visits to the vet and timely vaccination against viral and infectious diseases.
The first vaccination is given to a puppy at the age of two months; after a few weeks, a revaccination is performed on the doctor’s prescription. Further vaccinations are given once a year.
Nurseries and price
In our country, standard wire-haired dachshunds are quite rare. The cost of a show-class puppy with a pure pedigree and titled parents is 25-35 thousand rubles, sometimes more expensive. A puppy with documents will cost 15-20 thousand rubles, without documents, respectively, even cheaper.
You can buy a puppy in the nursery of the city of Moscow "From Novo-Peredelkino".
There are no difficulties and peculiarities in breeding dogs, it is enough to follow the rules for keeping and caring for animals.
Wire-haired dachshunds are very rare representatives of the breed, therefore acquiring a puppy of this breed, you will find not only a devoted friend, but also a truly unique pet.
Optimum conditions of detention
Understanding the characteristics of the breed will help the owners to create optimal conditions for the maintenance of fees, in which communication with the pet will bring only positive emotions.
It is interesting! The care of both long-haired and wire-haired and smooth-haired representatives of the breed is very simple.
It is enough to comb the dog with special brushes to avoid traces of wool on clothes and furniture. Taxes need to be washed with special shampoos no more than 2 times a month, unless something extraordinary happens. Toddlers do not always maintain the intervals between walks, but the size and ingenuity of this breed can teach them to walk in a tray or on a special diaper.
The dog must know its own nickname, at the first call to approach the owner's foot, be clearly focused only on him and his family members. “Own” and “alien” are two more words that the dog should understand.
Important! Even a small dachshund needs full walks.
It is imperative to accustom the animal to the leash and the collar, since having fascinated by the rustling in the bushes, chasing the cat or something else not less interesting, the dachshund forgets about everything. It is good to have a muzzle in the arsenal and a leash - a tape measure. The muzzle is useful in order to wean the little dog to lift everything from the ground, and the roulette wheel will create the appearance of freedom of movement, but will not allow to escape.
A mischievous, mobile pet will always attract the attention of strangers, but you should not be allowed to iron and treat it to everyone in a row, this can cause trouble.
It is mandatory to walk with a dachshund in the morning and in the evening;. The walks should last at least 40-60 minutes, it’s great if in the mornings the owner will run 2-3 km with the dog and go the same distance in quiet evenings. A couple of times a week it is good to arrange longer raids on nature, the dachshunds are not only good hunters, but also swimmers, so in the summer you should go with them to the reservoirs where dogs are not forbidden to swim.
In winter, the dog may need special clothes that do not interfere with the natural needs, but can protect from hypothermia.
Taxi is recommended from the first days to teach one type of food: either dry food or natural food.
Up to 4 months, babies are fed 5 times with cereals with meat or by-products or 4 times with dry premium class feed, taking care of fresh water in sufficient quantities. From 4 to 9 months, the dog is taught to 4-time feeding with natural products or 3-time - with dry feed.
After that, you can switch to 3 meals a day (porridge, dairy products, fish without bones, offal), if the dog eats dry food, then the food becomes 2-time.
Important! It is imperative to monitor enough vitamins and minerals in the feed so that the dachshund normally grows, develops and maintains health.
The portion is determined by a simple rule - as soon as the dog is distracted from food, moved away from the cup, it should be removed. In the next feeding, if the owner does not give up under a close, unhappy and hungry look, he does not feed the dog, the dog will eat the whole portion needed by the body. True, very few survive - dachshunds - excellent psychologists and know how to achieve their own.
Read the details: What to feed dachshund
It is strictly contraindicated residues from the table, sweets, can not overfeed as puppies, and adult animals. Measures these dogs do not know, and any overeating is fraught with both digestive problems and obesity, which leads to problems with the spine, cardiovascular system.
Upbringing and training
After the first teams and puppy naming, you should think about the “school” - special training grounds and, if necessary, dog handlers. Coaches will help you choose the right set of exercises for training, if the owner does not cope himself.
It is interesting! Dogs intended for work are trained by experienced specialists. Indeed, in the field untrained dachshund may die. But hunting with dachshunds today is a rarity, therefore dogs are trained only in basic commands.
From the first day of stay in the house, the dog must be brought up affectionately, but aggressively and stubbornly. Dachshunds usually easily accept the conditions of coexistence with people; they quickly find their owner, making him a subject of adoration, get used to the rules of behavior at home and on the street. Socialization fees are also not difficult. Although, feeling threatened, the animal is able to rush at the enemy, much larger than him, but more often friendly towards everyone who does not show aggression.
Care and hygiene
Dachshunds are very clean, so care for them is easy. Eyes and ears should be monitored in a timely manner to remove contamination with antiseptic wipes. Claws can be trimmed independently with a claw cutter, but it is better to contact a veterinarian with this procedure. Doggie must be combed at least once a week, and washed once every 2 to 4 weeks. Shorthair members of this breed are simply wiped with wet wipes 1 time per day during shedding or serious dirt. Special bones are needed to clean the teeth and remove the stone.
A puppy purchased from breeders or from a nursery must be vaccinated. As a rule, certificates of this are attached. Vaccination schedule owners will also give the owners of the parents. The vaccination calendar should be taken seriously, dachshunds easily become infected with infectious diseases that lead to irreparable consequences, become the cause of death.
Dachshund attitude to children
Friendly and funny dogs love kids very much. Но особенности характера некоторых из них, неприятный опыт или проявленная к ним агрессия могут навсегда испортить отношения. Ведь помять у такс хорошая, некоторые могут даже мстить за обиды.
So it’s worth explaining to children at once that the dog is not a toy, it cannot be insulted, deceived, dragged on a leash, when he does not want to move, tease, scare. Having played, the dachshund can slightly bite the game partner, but a healthy dog can stop and should not cause pain. Usually, kids and dachshunds perfectly find a common language.
The high cost of puppies from reputable manufacturers implies appropriate conditions for dogs. It will be necessary to change toys and equipment 1 time in 3 months, 2 times per season you will need to change clothes if you need them. For these purposes it takes from 3 to 30 thousand rubles, it all depends on the financial capabilities of the owner. 1500 rubles should be budgeted for food, another 1000 - supervision by a veterinarian.
It is interesting! Prices vary in a very wide range, you can always find everything you need for an animal for the cost, which corresponds to the capabilities of the owners.
It will come as a surprise to many, but the most “oldest” remains of tax-like dogs were found on the territory of Ancient Egypt, their age was estimated at 4–5 thousand years. It is known that two lines of modern canid dogs originated from the ancient hound dog - the brakki and taxa-like dogs. Another surprise is that the innate burrowing hunter is, in essence, a hound dog.
After the invention of firearms, hunting priorities have changed. Pedestrian hunting was not as effective, and people needed dogs that could drive a victim out of their shelter - a hole. The English widely used terriers, but the Germans preferred the more short-legged Taks. Germany knowingly recognized as the birthplace of the breed, in the southern regions of the country found a huge number of early and already formed taxopods dogs. The names of four-legged animals corresponded to their purpose - beaver, badger, otter, earthen and even shooting dog.
It is interesting! Hard-haired dogs are more efficient and unpretentious, but less attractive, from the point of view of most Taks lovers.
The popularity of burrow hunting literally broke out in the XVI century, during the active growth and development of cities, farms, exchange-commodity relations. By the 18th century, the breed was formed and not only hunters, but also lovers of companion dogs became interested in Taksami. Professionals were engaged in breeding, even before writing the first breed standard, the long-haired and wire-haired varieties were bred.
Without a doubt, The smooth-haired breed is the oldest and the rest comes from it. It is believed that Dachshunds with soft and long hair are descended from interbreed matings with Spaniels. Wire-haired dogs are supposedly descended from Shorthair Tux, Dandie Dinmont Terriers and Schnauzers.
It is interesting! The original breed name sounds like Dahsa from the words derDachs. And the official name Dachshund translates as a badger dog.
After the invention of an artificial hole for the breed, working tests were introduced. In breeding works, dogs with excellent exterior and excellent working skills were valued. Thanks to the rigor with which the Germans bred hunting dogs, modern Dachshunds retained their skills. Puppies born from manufacturers of a show class successfully learn the art of hunting.
The first club and breed description appeared in 1980. Officially, the club began to function since 1888. At the beginning of the 20th century, the breed was first divided in size. Thus, the standard, rabbit and wire-haired miniature Dachshund appeared. By the way, the separation occurred for dogs with all types of wool. The measure was justified by working needs, standard Dachshunds could not hunt in sandy and rocky terrain, they were stuck in burrows and died.
By the middle of the XX century, the Dachshunds were at the peak of popularity and became the national breed of Germany. By the 20s of the 20th century, the Dachshund became a source of pride and indicated respectability of the owner. However, the fashion did not last long enough to find it the reason for the popularity of the breed. From the middle of the XIX century, the dogs quickly spread throughout Europe and were actively bred in the USA. Interestingly, in America, Taks was not considered as a hunting breed, rather sporting or family.
It is interesting! The 1972 Olympic Games were held under the symbol of Taksa!
Character and training
The nature of the wire-haired dachshund can be described in two ways. On the one hand, tailed slightly rested, prone to escapes, stubborn, and at puppy age can bring a lot of inconvenience. On the other hand, the Dachshunds are fascinating, intelligent, agile and very intelligent.
Wire-haired dachshund puppies are very energetic, but surprisingly smart. If the owner pays enough attention to raising the pet, the half-year-old puppy is able to master all the basic commands, even if not with guaranteed performance. Naturally, the kids are perky and their seriousness can at one moment switch to playfulness and the owner should support all the activities of the tax kid.
Important! An address token is not a decoration, but a necessity especially for dogs prone to escapes.
By 6–7 months old, the puppy's hunting instinct wakes up he explores the area with interest and everything that may resemble a burrow. At this stage, the dog should be encouraged or redirected to a different direction - outdoor games, more in-depth training, sports, etc. If this moment is missed, the already grown-up pet will run away, barely sensing the game.. By the way, a mouse, a rat and even a cat can be game in a city. According to the experience of the owners, Dachshunds get along well with cats in the same house, but going out on the street is not averse to chasing them. Such desires need to be stopped, sharply and categorically.
Dachshunds are very attached to the owner and are friendly with each member of the family. The gentle attitude of dogs can be traced to children, especially in a vulnerable period (1–4 years old). The dog will protect itself from too much embrace or dragging by the tail, but it will never bite the child (if the Dachshund grew up in a family with a child). Guests and strangers are perceived wary, but if the owner does not feel discomfort, the dog becomes indifferent or friendly.
Important! Do not let your pet off the leash if you are not sure of its controllability.
When choosing ammunition, it is worthwhile to dwell on a harness-vestat least until the puppy has grown, and its bones are not strong. A collar can serve as a control tool, but you should understand that an adult dog can easily remove it. When choosing a leash, many people prefer to buy roulettes, but with Taksa this option is not optimal. The fact is that representatives of the breed tend to pull the leash, and the tape measure is designed so that the leash is always taut.
Maintenance and care
Choosing a pet, potential owners decide that caring for a haired Taksa is more difficult than for a short-haired one. There is a part of the truth in this, the difficulties concern the following nuances:
- Dog need wipe your beard after eatingand if this is not done, thick wool will be an excellent home for disease-causing bacteria.
- Not show dog grooming includes haircut, quadrupeds with a show career need trimming. A haircut involves shortening wool on the ford, if necessary on the eyebrows, in the genital area and between the fingers. Trimming held 2-4 weeks before the show. Dead hairs are removed with a trimming knife, the wool in the above areas is leveled, but not shortened.
- Bathing is done with the help of special shampoos for hairless dogs. Emollient shampoos spoil the quality of the guard hairs, but the products with silicone will facilitate combing.
The molting process takes place standardly, twice a year, in the spring the dog sheds the undercoat, so it needs more thorough combing. Despite the elongated wool, Dachshund must live in the house. For walking in rainy weather, you must use a waterproof suit that will save the dog from excessive pollution. In winter, the tail does not need clothes, but a warm lounger, far from drafts and radiators, is still needed.
Important! Dachshunds need long walks and daily loads. Dogs do an excellent job with almost all sports. It should be understood that a pet aged 7 years or more needs strict control of loads that can adversely affect the state of the spine, for example, jumps.
Usually, wire-haired Dachshunds do not have eye health problems, however, daily examination for inflammation is necessary. Ears are cleaned regularly, if the dog does not participate in exhibitions, it is better to shorten the hair in the auricles. Claws, if necessary, are cut with a guillotine claw cutter of a suitable size. When properly bite, the dog's teeth remain strong and healthy until old age, but their condition, like the health of the gums, must be monitored.
Note! When tartar appears - contact your veterinarian, trying to clean it off yourself, you are guaranteed to harm the dog!
Food puppies should be dosed and very balanced. Particular attention should be paid to products that contain calcium. An adult dog can be kept on natural food or industrial feed, it all depends on the availability of free time at the owner. Natural food involves regular cooking of meat porridge (33% for meat, cereals and vegetables) and regular vitamin courses. Industrial feed must meet the level of premium (or higher) quality.
Important! It is necessary to exercise caution, and with a lack of experience, contact a veterinarian, because an excess of vitamins and trace elements is no less terrible than their lack.
With an average life expectancy of 12–15 years, Dachshunds are prone to a number of very specific diseases. Puppies should receive basic vaccination against the plague of carnivorous, rabies and other deadly viruses. Not because of physique, but because of genetics, Dachshunds are prone to diseases of the spine and many dogs suffer from hind limb paralysis in old age. The future owner should understand that any member of the breed is inclined to:
- Dysplasia of the joints in old age.
- Sliding disc syndrome, resulting in the pinching of the spinal nerves.
- Swimmer syndrome, 2–4 weeks of age.
- Skin diseases, dermatitis, eczema.
- Papillary dystrophy of the skin.
- Hormonal disorders, diabetes.
- Urolithiasis in old age and various kidney diseases.
- Heart failure, cardiomyopathy.
- Loss of wool, alopecia.
- Classical and idiopathic epilepsy.
Important! Dachshunds are prone to obesity and overeating, which is detrimental to the condition of the joints, heart muscle, metabolism, and hence the health of the dog as a whole.
The origin of the breed
Dachshund is one of the oldest breeds of dogs, images of pets with short paws were found in the letters and pictures of rock art in ancient Egypt. The first extensive descriptions of the breed were dated to the 15-16th century, at that time the dog was used as a quick and brisk hunter who could penetrate holes and bring badgers, rodents and other small game. The dog was not just fast and strong, it was distinguished by excellent sharpness and sharp acumen. In addition, the dog had thick fur, which protected the animal from small spines, branches and other obstacles during the hunt.
The breed was so popular with people that breeders took it. They wanted to preserve all the primary indicators of the dachshund, but to make her temper more aggressive and vicious in relation to the prey. The goal was to increase efficiency in hunting. Purebred dachshunds were crossed with short hounds and toy terriers. Long and rigorous selection, long selection did the trick and as a result, the breeders presented the world with three main types of dachshunds. In Germany, the wire-haired dachshund was officially registered at the beginning of the 20th century, and already in the post-war years appeared in Russia. Today the wire-haired dachshund is not so popular. The reason is that smooth-haired dachshunds are more loved by people. However, the wire-haired representative of an unusual breed has many advantages, which we will discuss today.
Description of wire-haired dachshund
The wire-haired dachshund has a characteristic beard, due to which the face visually acquires a rectangular shape. In appearance, you can immediately determine the female haired dachshund - she is more graceful and feminine, in other dog breeds this is less pronounced. At the same time, the female is not inferior to the male in terms of performance - the animal is just as fast and nimble. A haired dachshund has a rather long, tough and straight coat, with a pronounced undercoat, the dog is not afraid of cold weather. Such wool can protect not only from low temperatures, but also from rain and other types of precipitation. But in the snowfall, the dachshund moves with great difficulty, even small drifts are an obstacle for the short-legged breed, not to mention the fact that in the long wool snow mats are constantly formed. In addition to the beard, wool has elongated areas on the eyebrows and mustache, which gives the image a special touch. Color of wool is allowed any - from gray to brown and red dachshunds, often there are mixed colors and a combination of shades.
The nature and character of a wire-haired dachshund
Dachshunds have long enjoyed great popularity, even among celebrities, they were loved for their cheerful disposition and good nature. Dachshund gets on well in the family, loves to play with children, gently and reverently refers to the elderly. This is a rather active and agile dog, which all the time seeks to throw out its energy. Dachshund will have to walk often and for a long time - the pet cannot do without physical exertion. Moreover, you will have to find ways to entertain the dog, so that it does not just walk, but run, hunt, satisfy its natural instincts. If you do not, the dog may begin to spoil the property. Remember that the dog behaves in this way is not out of evil, it is physically necessary for him to throw out the accumulated power.
The dachshund, despite its clumsy appearance, is incredibly active and agile, so this breed of dog is perfect for sports people. If you regularly go for a walk in the woods, go jogging, organize picnics, the tax will suit you perfectly. She carries the road well and constantly entertains fellow travelers, because the dog knows perfectly well that a good pastime awaits her, and this raises the mood of the dog. Hunting temper can play a cruel joke with dachshund. If the dog sees a rodent or other small prey, it will go straight to the hunt, despite the surrounding circumstances. This can be dangerous for the dog itself.
At the same time, the dachshunds are very smart and sometimes even cunning. From the very first day of the appearance of a pet in your house, you should clearly show who is the boss in your family. If the person is soft or inconsistent, the dog may begin to dominate, disobey the commands. From the age of one month, the main commands should be taught that should be pronounced clearly and loudly. During training try to abstract from extraneous affairs and irritants. The main problem of the dachshund is its incredible curiosity. She will be distracted by the door bell, the singing of birds outside the window and other extraneous sounds. Stand your ground and give the dog a treat only if the dog executes the commands correctly. Otherwise, the dachshund will find a loophole to trick you, be sure.
The content of wire-haired dachshunds
The main care for dachshund is to maintain the normal appearance of the animal's coat. Many hard-haired breeds - dachshunds, terriers, schnauzers, etc. need a trimming procedure. Breeds with a hard coat have a soft undercoat and long and very hard single hairs. Over time, they grow, but do not fall out, and become similar to a long wire - stick out, spoiling the entire appearance of the wool. As a result, the dachshund looks unkempt and disheveled. Dachshund can not be cut, because the new wool can grow soft, it will not only spoil the appearance of the dog, but also reduce its working qualities. Therefore, for such breeds, trimming becomes an ideal solution. This is a procedure for single removal (plucking or cutting) of hard hairs. Trimming is done by a specialist using certain tools, the procedure is relevant every six months. After such a "haircut" the appearance of the dachshund is completely transformed, the dog looks well-groomed. It will be necessary to bathe the dachshund often, as the dog likes to dig in the ground and dig deeper in the most unprofitable lawn areas. However, hard wool can repel dirt, so ordinary rinsing will be enough. Wash the dog with detergent should be every few months.
Dachshunds are considered quite strong dogs in terms of health. The most frequent diseases occur against the background of the extraordinary structure of the body. Diagnoses are usually associated with disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Obesity is especially dangerous for a dog; this owner must clearly monitor the nutrition and physical activity of the pet. If you do not feed the dog with special dry food, a natural diet should be made as competently as possible. The menu should include meat, fish, offal, cartilage for healthy joints, cereals, vegetables, fruits, herbs, dairy products. Обязательно обеспечить собаку питьевой водой в неограниченном количестве. Взрослую таксу кормят дважды в день – этого вполне достаточно.
Dachshunds are an amazing breed of dogs that get along with almost any person and in any conditions. Dachshunds feel equally good in an apartment and in a private house. But remember that at the dacha beds and plantings can suffer from the dachshund - the whirling excavator will not refuse from the pleasure of picking at the soil. Love the dachshund and take care of it, and the dog will certainly respond to you in return.