After a four-legged friend has appeared in the house, it is necessary to start raising a puppy as soon as possible, imparting to him certain skills and standards of behavior. Before you raise a puppy, let him get comfortable in a new place. Then you should begin the development of primary skills. This is a training for the place, leash and toilet.
Secrets of raising a puppy are that it does not need to wait for the onset of a particular age in order to start raising your pet. Rules for raising a puppy say that this process begins with the first days of the appearance of a puppy in your home. Everything that you do with him and for him is education.
The most important period - this is the puppy's getting used to the new environment and its socialization. At this point, the baby must be given a lot of time. The first day he will be bored - this is normal. Your patience, care and affectionate attitude will help the child cope with stress after separation from the mother. Take a puppy in your arms, stroke it, play with it. Try to have your family members spend an equal amount of time on your puppy. Let the little dog get used to the sound of your voices and their intonation.
When the baby gets used to the new environment, he will begin to show curiosity about all kinds of objects that surround him, unfamiliar sounds. Carefully ensure that there are no dangers such as a skein of threads, needles, bare wires (they should be hidden very carefully), Christmas decorations and dangerous plants (there are such flowers among the indoor flowers) in his reach.
The little puppy is very sensitive to your emotional state. He catches the slightest change in your mood and attitude towards him. Love, but know how to punish. On this page, some thematic puppy rearing lessons are offered.
Below you can see the video on how to raise a puppy properly and without prohibited methods:
How to punish a puppy for disobedience?
It is necessary to learn how to punish a puppy for disobedience - which principles should be followed. If your little dog decided, for example, to cling to you in step with a “terrible” roar or to chew on new shoes, then he should be called to order. And it must be done immediately - otherwise the puppy will not understand why he was punished. Do not use physical strength and beat the baby. You can try a simple but very effective method of punishing a puppy: take him by the withers and, having lightly patted him, press him to the floor for a few seconds. At the same time, you can immediately start learning the “Fu!” Command, repeating it while performing the above manipulations. Believe me - it will affect him no worse than harsh physical punishment!
In addition to knowing how to punish a puppy properly, you need to know about gratitude: if a kid tries to do something right, encourage him with a treat for dogs and praise him - this is the best motivator.
Methods of raising puppies worked out by many generations of specialists in dog training, and you should not invent your own ways where already known methods work well. Teach your pet to perform simple, but necessary commands, can every owner.
How to teach the team "place": training
Teaching the “place” team is worth starting with the fact that you, having taken a puppy in your arms, carry it to the heel. At the same time, stroking the baby, repeat: "Place, well, place!". And so doing several times during the day. Soon the puppy will learn that his heel is “the place”. Never punish a puppy in its place and do not forcefully expel it from it!
Before you teach the team "place", remember the following rule: if you do not plan to continue to sleep on the bed with the dog, it is better not to allow the puppy to go there. Then it will be difficult to explain to a grown up dog, why it was possible before, and now it is impossible.
If you want to call him, do it with the help of treats or toys for dogs and the team “Ko me!”. By the way, this team is good at working out on a walk: when the puppy finishes with its important “chores”, call him with the help of this team. Make it calm and even. Place your four-sided bowls somewhere in a certain place in the apartment and show them to them - let them stand there always. The puppy will eventually remember their location. Food, unlike water, should not be kept in a bowl all the time: it is put just before feeding.
Feed the dog always after eating yourself - this is one of the main canine rules, according to which the leader is always saturated first. And you are the leader!
Teaching a puppy to the toilet at home: how to teach
Teaching a puppy to the toilet at home and to the fact that in the interval between the short walks while doing his "tricks" in the place you need, requires little skills. Before you teach a puppy to the toilet, you need to prepare the necessary equipment for this. Use absorbent diapers as a “toilet” - they are sold in any pharmacy. When the puppy woke up, ate or played, his first desire, as a rule, to go to the toilet. As soon as you notice that the baby is spinning on the spot with well-defined goals, gently take it to the handles and take it to the diaper. Once the “deed” is done, praise the puppy.
Teaching a puppy to the toilet should be gradual: if the baby wrote not on the diaper, but on the floor - do not scold him abruptly, tell him about your dissatisfaction with a calm but firm voice (not to be confused with a rough shout!). Sooner or later, the puppy will understand that praise will follow the correct actions, and reprimand the wrong actions.
How to teach and tame a puppy to a leash
Teach your puppy, collar (or harness) and muzzle to teach a puppy from three months. At this time, the first vaccination has already been done, and you can go out for a while with your four-legged friend. Before you tame your puppy to the leash, you can start training at home by putting a soft collar or harness on the puppy (which is much more convenient at first, as it is more difficult for the puppy to turn out of it) and fastening it to the leash. Do it in the form of a game: let the leash be long and fall to the floor. Pretend to run away from the puppy - he will run after him.
When the baby understands that this object does not threaten him, gradually reduce the length of the leash. Of course, the first time the puppy will not be very comfortable in the ammunition, but over time he will get comfortable. Adjust the direction of its chaotic movements, with light movements of the leash, repeating the command "You can not!" In the event that the puppy is too actively pulled out and pulls. It is also better to teach a dog to the muzzle from the very beginning. Then it will be much more difficult. These are the basic rules of how to teach a puppy to a leash, but do not forget about the correct choice of ammunition.
From 4 to 8 months puppy shows independence of character. This period requires special attention of the owner and intensive training with the dog. This is the best time to start training the dog and increase the load on walks. Begin gradually working out the commands “Sit!”, “Stand!”, “Lie down!”. If the puppy refuses to perform the team, it is strongly recommended to get what he wants from him: otherwise, the confrontation and the struggle for leadership will increase. Always encourage the dog with a treat for the performed command - this will help to consolidate the acquired skill.
From about one to three years, almost all dogs go through the so-called transitional period - the period of maturation. At this age, they may try to take a higher rank position. This can be expressed in the demonstration of disobedience and even in an attempt to bite the master. Any such attempt must be harshly suppressed, otherwise serious problems may subsequently arise.
If you are new to such a difficult task as raising a dog, you should learn the basics of training under the control of an experienced dog specialist - a person with professional knowledge of the physiology and behavior of dogs.
There are several types of dog training courses. for quadrupeds of human satellites, including highly specialized ones, but for dogs living in urban environments, the most basic course is the general course of puppy training.
On the ZKS course (protective karaulnaya service - for service breeds of dogs) they learn not only to protect and protect the owner, but also to “slow down” the dog in the case when it tries to show aggression to the stimulus. Now many canine centers offer to go to the owners and their four-legged pets the course “Managed City Dog” - essentially the same early start, but only with adaptation in real urban conditions to various noises and stimuli.
Some owners ask: “Why should I train my dog? I have it and so smart. The fact is that no matter how clever a dog is, it does not guarantee its adequate behavior in any situation. A dog living in the conditions of a city where there are a lot of irritants: people, cars, other animals, should be able to behave correctly and implicitly obey the owner.
An unruly dog in a city is a disaster for the owner. And what a pleasure to walk with a pet, if he endlessly pulls you in different directions and rushes at everything that moves nearby? In addition, and you, as the owner of a rude dog, may have difficulties with other people and with the law. Try to make it comfortable for you to go for a walk with your dog, and the animals and people around you do not suffer from his uncontrolled behavior.
Parenting course for puppies
Our educational complex is designed for puppies aged from one to three months.
Upbringing and adaptation of a puppy begins at one month of age, and it is better to take a puppy up to three months.
At this age all phobias (obsessive fears), all wrong behavior patterns are laid. And also laid all the right skills.
What can we teach a puppy at the age of one to three months. Very much:
• do not jump on the host
• sleep well at night
• run on the street for the master's feet
• sit quietly and wait for food to be served.
• do not bite people for limbs and clothing
• get acquainted with the commands "to me", "fu", "sit"
How to teach your baby all this?
Your willingness and patience is required.
Many people ask: “What is it possible for, and why should a puppy not be punished at such a young age?” It is better to do without punishment at this age. Take care of your puppy and nervous system.
I especially want to draw your attention to this listing.
Puppies under the age of three months should not be punished for:
- heaps and puddles on the floor or carpet
- for all the material damage. If at this age the puppy took out one of the valuable things and gnawed it, it means that you did not remove it in time to the place inaccessible to the kid. If you have electrical and similar wires in an accessible place, immediately remove them. This is a favorite treat of many puppies.
- running around, jumping on furniture
- nibble pieces off the walls. If the puppy does this, consult a doctor, perhaps he lacks minerals and vitamins, or he has worms.
- grabbing and scutching your clothes when you pass by.
- biting master's arms and legs. These are typical puppy games and they usually disappear by themselves after changing teeth. Sometimes I even tell my clients: “If your puppy under the age of 4 months does not run after your feet and does not nibble them, but lies quietly in a corner. He is sick. Measure your puppy's temperature. ”
Maintaining a positive emotional attitude in dogs is necessary. But in puppies from 1 month to 3 months, it is necessary to cause such emotions, which strengthen the nervous system and in the future will lead the dog to balance and restraint. The dog will choose the right situation where you can throw out your emotions, and where you need to maintain complete calm.
Puppies, starting from 1 month to 3 months, are brought up by methods that only cause them joy and satisfaction and give them hope that everything will be fine. Therefore, the methods of working with a small puppy are based only on positive reinforcement (weasel, dainty, game). Or targeted exercises based on the right to choose.
In order to begin to engage with the baby, learn to prepare a delicacy, give it correctly and, most importantly, learn the correct intonation of the voice. This will be the preparatory stage for you. As long as you do not learn these exercises yourself, you should not begin to engage with the baby.
We learn to prepare a delicacy.
From today, you have introduced a new form of home clothing. It is called "The owner of a large pocket with cheese." Carry a treat at all times, and for each correct action of the puppy reward him with treat and affection.
It can be tiny pieces of hard cheese. Hard cheese can be, if a little lie down without packaging.
The size of the treat is important. If the pieces are large, then the puppy eats quickly, and further training will not interest him anymore. If the pieces are very small, they will fall out of the baby’s mouth.
Therefore, we take the best option with a pea. It is not necessary to round them, the main thing is not the shape, but the size. I foresee the question: what if my dog is dry, can he be given cheese? I answer as a vet: You can. But only during class. Another question: why cheese, and not dry food, which we feed? Because dry food is given strictly according to the norm - this time, and secondly, the puppy can choke on dry pieces and cough as well as from dry biscuits. And sausages can be? You can, of course, but your hands and clothes will be greasy, and this is just unpleasant. So cheese. Learning to give a treat. It always lies with right-handers in the right pocket, with left-handers in the left. Cellophane packages do not use. Otherwise, the dog will react to the rustling of cellophane. And we do not need this. Consequently, the clothing is selected appropriate. We do not mind her a little dirty, and pockets on these clothes are available.
Between the actions of the dog and their promotion should take no more than 5 seconds. Otherwise, promotion is not effective at all.
Treat is given in two ways. On the open palm and pinch (between the thumb and index finger). Both ways have a place to be. And in the class we will use both.
So, the owner goes around the house "big pocket with cheese" and begins to teach the dog the correct behavior. You can train your puppy in parallel with several techniques of the right behavior.
Teach puppy to his nickname.
The name of the dog needs to come up short and sonorous. It may not coincide with the name of the pedigree. The site has many names for dogs, look and take one of them into service. Example: Siegfried is a good name, but very long to attract the attention of a puppy, better than Zigi or Reed.
And when the baby grows up, you can use the full name. And he will respond to it. I like to teach the puppy to the name in the process of feeding. Take a bowl and call a baby in a tender voice: "Zigi, Zigi, Zigi" - often and repeatedly repeating the nickname. At the same time show a bowl of food. The kid from the second day will realize that his name is his and that he needs to run faster, as they will give tasty food. So fun and on a pleasant note you will teach the puppy to respond to the name.
Teach the dog to respond to the word "Good."
The question is, why do we need this so that the puppy responds to the word “Good.” Everything is very simple. You may not always be able to give a treat to a dog for a job properly done. For example, working at a distance implies that your dog is 10 meters away from you. And how can you let him know that you are pleased with him? That's how. Say the word "good," and the dog will be aware of your mood. And so we learn a puppy. We offer him a delicacy and, sentencing him with a tender voice, necessarily affectionate, the word "good", we feed him with a hand with delicious cheese. About the treat you have already read in the previous post.
You can at this time to stroke and caress the baby. Learn to properly stroke a dog. Pat her lightly on the chest. Intimidate. But make sure that the puppy was nice. Do not iron on the head and back. Why I will explain to those who will be engaged in our virtual group.
Practice the skill only when the puppy does not do anything illegal at this moment. For example, he simply lies on the spot or approached you and has not yet put his paws on your knees. Praise and give dainty.
Here are three pillars that will help you in the future to raise a puppy.
How does it all start?
And it all starts with psychology, or rather with instincts. After all, a dog is a pack animal, and in a pack there is always a leader. Therefore, the task of the owner of a small puppy in the first days is to show who is in charge at home, and to do it so that on the one hand the child remembers, and on the other - that the lesson does not become stress. There are plenty of ways to show the animal its primacy, but it’s better from the first days not to let the little household manage you. The main task in raising a puppy is a skillful combination of rigor and love, delicacy and certain demands. At the same time, the smaller the months to him, the greater the chances of success.
Как правильно воспитать щенка?
То, что для дрессировки взрослой собаки лучше привлекать профессионального инструктора, знают все. Но вот как воспитывать маленького щенка? Неужели его так же нужно отводить на специальные уроки в специальную «собачью» школу? На самом деле нет. Воспитывать маленького щенка можно и нужно в домашних условиях, причем с первых дней появления в доме. Посмотреть, как воспитывать щенков можно на видео в сети.
К первым воспитательным процессам относят:
- приучение щенка к туалету,
- weaning from biting,
- schooling for walks, games, etc.
Some dog owners do not understand, or rather do not know at what age you can begin the process of education. The answer to this question depends on various factors, including the initial state of the baby and the peculiarities of his character. But, as practice shows, it is better to raise puppies from the earliest possible age. After all, the older the pet, the harder it is to cope with it without the help of a professional canine.
For example, a puppy who is 4 months old is still the material from which you can “sculpt” at home. But individuals older than 5 months are more difficult to educate and require more stringent methods of exposure for an hour.
In fact, raising puppies, even at home, is not difficult. The main thing to approach this process with all seriousness, to show perseverance, patience and delicacy. You can watch various video tutorials online, and thus choose the best method for interacting with your pet.
By the way, despite the fact that the process of raising a small puppy and its training are different concepts, they are nevertheless very closely related. So, training is the process of teaching an animal to perform certain commands. Also during training, an animal acquires certain skills, develops better traits characteristic of its breed, etc. They start training from 3 months of puppy life.
Whereas raising puppies, regardless of breed, is the process of establishing a hierarchy in a host-pet bundle. Your dog will depend on how well your dog is raised, including the quality and effectiveness of the training. By the way, in the process of rearing, not only the dog acquires certain skills, but also the owner. See what is different education and training can be on the video on the network. You can also get advice from an experienced dog handler and decide how old your baby should be toilet-trained or to teach teams. After all, it should be done in a certain period, in the range from 1 to 5 months.
There are certain rules in bringing up a little puppy, you can get acquainted with them on nursery sites, and with the help of video lessons posted on the net, etc. The basic rules with which you can properly raise a puppy are order and discipline. That is, from an early age a puppy should be taught to go to the toilet in the place set for it. Separately, you need to allocate a place for feeding and sleeping. In no case can you feed a little puppy where you have to (on the couch, in the kitchen, etc.). A new member of your family should have a dedicated place to eat.
By the way, one of the ways of raising a puppy's sense of obedience and understanding its place in the hierarchy is to feed the animal after the whole family eats. This is very important, because if you pay too much attention to your pet, you can spoil a small puppy and then, when he is 5 months old or more, he will have to retrain. True, this will require much more stringent measures.
Also, do not lose sight of such a trifle as the passage first to the room. That is, if you need to go into the room with a puppy, then the owner must go through the door first, even if you have to keep the dog on a short leash.
And finally, in game processes, the winner must always be the owner. Even if you are tired, with the help of the “give up” or “to me” command you need to complete the game in such a way as to leave the winner.
As for a place to rest and sleep, it should also be allocated for the baby and the puppy should fall asleep in his “bed”. As much as you would like to once again caress the baby or feed him something tasty, and even in the wrong place, you should initially abandon this idea. Otherwise, the animal will grow spoiled. Well if this is a small lap dog. And if this is a large dog weighing under 70 kg and with large and sharp teeth?
Up to a certain age, the owner has every chance to wean his pet from such a bad habit as biting the hands and feet of family members. By the way, if we are talking about individuals younger than 4 months, then the biting of the hands of the host is nothing more than a game, or an opportunity to get acquainted with the outside world. If the puppy continues to bite and attack after 5 months and does it with all its strength and seriousness, then we are talking about the desire to become the first in the pack, which must be stopped at the root. And this is also part of the educational process.
From what age to raise a puppy?
In addition to the question of how to properly raise a puppy, the owner of the animal also cares about the question, at what age it is better to do it. There is a stereotype that the sooner the better. But this is only partly true. After all, quite a tiny puppy is unlikely to be able to understand what the owner wants to achieve from him. Therefore, the educational process with the development of basic skills is better to start from the age of 2 or even 3 months. As for the deadline, it is possible to bring up an animal, however, like a human, all his life. Another thing is that if you do it on time, then there will be no problems in the further interaction between the owner and his pet. So it is better if your dog to 5 months master the basics and basics of the correct behavior both in your home and outside. Well, after the rules of a good dog tone are learned, you can move on to more specific, or even highly specialized, training.
And one more question that may worry the owner of the puppy is how to influence the baby so that it is effective, but not harsh and, all the more, not traumatic for the pet.
The optimal is the system of carrots and sticks or rewards and prohibitions. Not punishments, namely prohibitions. Punishing the animal in the process of education is not worth it because it will only cause aggression and disobedience on his part. Starving as a punishment is also not recommended.
The question of how much is also important, because you need to raise any puppy, starting from his age.
Well, how many lessons to spend per day, and how long should the class have - each owner decides for himself, given the pet's abilities and mood. This is the only way to understand how to raise a little puppy so that a good and reliable friend grows out of it.
2. “Bite” to explain something
The leader (and before the meeting with you the puppy was the leader - his mother) acts roughly, but in a different way: he bites the “subordinate” in the neck or simply falls on his back. It is in these two ways that dogs show their discontent.
To imitate a bite, strain your fingers and just hit the tips of the neck (above, where the skin is rougher). If the dog’s behavior doesn’t climb at all gates, go ahead: after the “bite”, do not withdraw your hand and throw the dog on your back. Most likely, the first few times will be difficult - the dog can resist. Then you need to hold it by the neck until it calms down. From the side it looks scary, but believe me, the dog does not hurt.
4. First, you eat, only then - dog
Again we return to the pack: first the leader eats, after him all the rest. So first you have breakfast / lunch / dinner, and only then eats a dog. However, do not forget about the regime: upbringing education, but the dog should not be hungry. Another important rule: while you eat, the dog should not sit near you and beg for food. Of course, you should not give anything from the table.
5. Pick a bowl of food.
When it is time to feed the dog, first make it calm down (if he knows the commands, let him do it). When the dog is eating, take the bowl from her, hold it in your face, pretend to eat from there. It sounds strange, but it reminds the dog who is in charge here (all the food is on demand from the leader). Another such exercise will teach the dog to quietly give you everything and not growl.
6. Calm the dog before walking.
The walk begins at home. If the dog happily jumps at the sight of the leash and keys, then wait until it calms down. Understand that dog joy is bad for education: the dog does not hear you, does not see, he is over-excited. If you have to wait an hour - wait for an hour. Never go out while the dog is excited. Soon she will understand that the streets can not be seen if she jumps or whines.
7. Keep your dog strictly behind you.
Walk on a short leash. First you leave the door, only then the dog. If you are trying to creep forward, that is, consider yourself a leader, repeat again and again until it goes strictly behind you.
On the street, you must lead the dog near the foot, its body slightly behind yours.
You must walk with your dog for at least 40 minutes a day. Of course, the more active the dog, the longer the walk.
8. Do not let the dog reach for other animals.
If the dog desperately pulls forward, pull the leash or bend down and “bite” it. In case a dog / cat / bird walks past and the dog reaches out to him, make him sit down and calm down. Of course, this does not mean that she absolutely can not communicate with anyone. Just the opposite - you need it, but only after you fully calm down. Remember that looking into the eyes is a sign that there will be a fight soon: this is a challenge.
9. Do not let the dog fight you
For dogs, games are not the same as for us. In the animal kingdom, all games are training. Jumping at each other and nibbling, puppies learn to fight. Keep this in mind when your dog jumps on you and tries to bite and stop. Better throw him toys and learn to bring and give. The first time the dog is likely to happily run away from you with prey in the mouth. Take away the toys: the leader does not ask, he always takes his.
10. Do not let us pick up food
First, one thing must be understood by the owner himself: it is very harmful for a dog to pick up food from the ground on the street. There may be a poison, and then the dog may simply die. As soon as the dog begins to actively sniff the ground, know that it has smelled food. If you try to lift it, pull the leash and say "fu". Of course, like any exercise, you will have to repeat it many times, but sooner or later the dog will understand and stop “vacuuming” everything.
11. Do not allow to jump on people.
As a rule, the owners are not satisfied with the two extremes of behavior of dogs towards other people: excessive joy and aggression. If you are lucky a little more and your dog just loves everyone around and is ready to jump and kiss, then just do not let him do it.
The tactic is simple: pull the leash every time a dog reaches out to a person. If joy goes beyond all limits, make you sit down and calm down. If necessary, "bite" in the neck. The secret is that the tactics of behavior with an aggressive dog is the same.
12. Keep yourself confident, but do not calm the dog.
You should be calm, no matter how difficult it is. Dogs all feel, including anxiety and anger.
The leader can not be nervous and afraid, keep it in your head.
The dog also should not be nervous. If she is afraid, in no case do not touch her, do not iron, do not calm. She does not understand what you are saying, she only picks up a good intonation and understands this as a “well done”. So you tell the dog to fear and shake (or growl and bark) correctly. In all such situations, it will behave that way.
13. Help her relax
When the dog calms down by itself, forgets about what happened, you can give it a massage. It's simple: simulate the mouth with your fingers and lightly “nibble” the dog on the back. Do it slowly, flinging your back with a “mouth”. Another secret: a massage near the withers soothes, and near the tail, on the contrary, it excites.
14. Build relationships with other family members.
If there are other dogs, cats or people in your house, do not forget to build a novice relationship with them. The dog must understand the entire family hierarchy (it is the last link). Hug and caress all family members and all animals. The dog must look from afar. So he will understand that the leader is favorable to these members of the pack and it is better not to touch them.
If this approach does not help, throw the dog on his back, and put the other quadruped on top - this is a subordinate position. Family members must also put the dog in place: "bite" or throw on his back, do not feed and do not let him in his place.
15. Come up with interesting activities for your dog.
If you are busy with something and there is no time to play with the dog, build quick toys for her that will take your pet for a long time. The best way is to give him an old magazine or telephone directory. Good puppy a couple of hours will be very busy, and then go to sleep.
You can make a lot of boxes of cardboard. In some of them, hide the treat and give the boxes to the dog - let him sniff and search for food. You can also turn on the fan: it buzzes and blows, and the dog will definitely be busy.