Dogs are considered not only the best friend of man, scientists have long known that they are also the first friend of man. Dogs are the first domesticated animals. Despite the fact that the exact timing of the domestication of dogs is unknown, researchers from the University of Durham in England estimate that the dogs were domesticated about 15,000 years ago.
According to recent studies, the genes of modern dogs differ from the genes of gray wolves by no more than 0.2% (percent) of DNA. This is a very small difference, considering that the close relative of wild wolves, the coyote, differs from them genetic by as much as 4%. Thus, based on genetic data, dogs are associated with wolves 20 times stronger than coyotes! Nevertheless, although genetics show an obvious connection between the gray wolf and modern dog breeds, thousands of years of crossing have led to significant changes in appearance. Therefore, it is very difficult to choose any single breed that is most similar to a wolf.
The closest breeds
Despite the high complexity of determining the similarity of a dog to a wolf, scientists have tried to do this. In a project called CanMap, scientists collected the DNA of nearly 1,000 dogs from 85 breeds. They found that 4 dog breeds are closest to the wolf: Shiba Inu, Chow Chow, Akita Inu and Alaskan Malamute. However, only 85 breeds participated in the study. Future studies conducted with a large number of dogs and breeds may provide additional results.
Volkosob - dog crossed with a wolf
Another dog like a wolf is a wolftail. This breed crossed with a wolf is a successful hybrid of a German shepherd and a she-wolf. This mixed breed is probably the most similar to the wolf today.
The origin of dogs - several versions
According to Professor Merete Fredholm from the University of Copenhagen, scientists are accustomed to thinking that all dogs are descended from one wolf pack in China. However, recent studies show that many other civilizations domesticated dogs at different times. But at the same time, researchers from the University of Durham found that almost all modern dogs originated exclusively from gray wolves.
Another difficulty is to trace the direct connection of modern dogs with a single breed that descended directly from the wolf. However, due to the many crossbreeding of dogs in recent history, it is almost impossible to detect this connection.
Researchers at Durham University also point out that our modern dog breeds have little in common in behavior and appearance with dogs that lived only a few hundred years ago. Many breeds of dogs have been bred for millennia to perform specific tasks. And over the past few centuries, in particular, breeds have been bred that have specific features as purely domestic animals. This constant genetic selection and mating has completely changed the modern dogs and made them unlike the wild wolves they once were.
Growth: 58-64 cm
Weight: 24-38 kg
Classification IFF: group 5, section 1, № 243
This is a big sled dogwhich was developed by the Eskimos to work in the extreme conditions of the north is an aboriginal factory breed. Malamute is really very similar to the wolf and is one of the oldest breeds.
He needs constant physical exertion and long walks. Malamutes are very attached to the family, love children. But in bringing up the dog requires a "firm hand." It is easy to care for such a pet: Alaskans are neat and eat a little.
Read more about the Alaskan Malamute here.
Growth: 50-60 cm
Weight: 15-28 kg
Classification IFF: group 5, section 1, № 270
it native sled dog Far East of Russia. It was received from animals belonging to the tribes of the peoples of Anadyr, Kolyma, Kamchatka. At the beginning of the 20th century, during the “gold rush” era, the Huskies were brought to the USA, where they were registered by dog handlers.
The Husky is a smart, hardy breed with a bright hunting instinct. However, they are not suitable for hunting and protection. Husky will be an excellent companion for people with an active lifestyle, because they need constant work of muscles and mind. If you live in the middle lane or in the north of Russia, you dream of devoting a lot of time to your pet and love luge, then this breed is for you!
Wolf dog of sarlos
Growth: 60-75 cm
Weight: 35-48 kg
Classification IFF: group 1, section 1, № 311
Dutch breeder Lander carlos in 1925 he crossed a she-wolf and a dog of a German shepherd. After the death of Sarlos, his wife and daughter continued their breeding work and in 1981 the Dutch breeding club recognized the new breed.
Wolf dog of Saarloos (Saarloos Wolfhond) looks like a wolf, but is devoted to man and is amenable to training. In Holland and other countries they are used as guide dogs blind and for salvation people in extreme situations.
They are simultaneously independent and very attached to the host animals.
An interesting feature: Sarlos's dogs do not know how to bark, they just howl like wolves.
Czechoslovakian wolf dog
Growth: 60-65 cm
Weight: 20-26 kg
Classification IFF: group 1, section 1, № 332
The Czechoslovak wolf dog appeared relatively recently - the breed was recognized by the International Film Festival in 1999. Vlchak arose as a result of the crossing of the German Shepherd and the Carpathian wolf. They are all reminiscent of wolves, even the inability to bark. But vlchak able to howl in different manners.
Vlchak has a strong and independent character, the future owner of the pet must comply. Training can not be called easy, but training is still possible. The main thing is to avoid the routine and dilute the lessons with fun games.
Growth: 60-70 cm
Weight: 23-45 kg
Not recognized by the ICF
This breed is from Finland. Siberian Huskies, Alaskan Malamutes, German Shepherd Dogs participated in the crossing.
The result was a family dog that gets along well with children. The Tamaskans, like their ancestors, have good working qualities and endurance. They need constant physical exertion and long walks. To care not demanding.
Growth: 59-76 cm
Weight: 25-50 kg
Not recognized by the ICF
Another unrecognized breed that originated in Canada and developed in the UK. The purpose of breeding - to make a domestic dog look like a wolf. The Siberian Huskies and German Shepherds participated in the crossing. The result: a big dog that looks like a white wolf. Inuit is a balanced and calm dog with excellent working qualities.
Inuit are often attracted to filming movies as wolves. They can be seen in the popular TV series "Game of thrones."
Growth: 61-73 cm
Weight: 25-50 kg
Not recognized by the ICF
Was bred in the United Kingdom. The word "Utonogan" means "the spirit of the wolf." Utonogan is a cross between Siberian Husky, Alaskan Malamute and German Shepherd. Representatives of the breed are very similar to wolves, but look more fluffy.
Utonogany cope with the role of a family companion dog and are suitable for the protection of a country house. They were created for life in the harsh conditions of the street, so they have a powerful undercoat.
It is also worth noting that drowning animals are famous for wolfish appetite, the pet’s diet will have to be closely monitored to prevent obesity.
Wolfies are a cross between a dog (canis lupus familiaris) and a wolf (canis lupus). Volkopsy not recognized by any canine organization of the world.
Hybrid bred in the Perm Institute of Internal Troops. The project’s research supervisor is Professor V. Kasimov. In crossing, individuals of wolves and German shepherds were used.
Wolfcat to guard the Mongolian and Chinese borders of Russia. The frontier guards working with wolf catches note their advantage over other service breeds: a more developed sense, quickness of reaction, high intelligence and dimensions of the wolf.
Volkopsy also distinguished by good health and unpretentiousness. However, with accuracy we can say that not a family pet. Wolfies require professional education and training. They are definitely not suitable for an inexperienced owner as a first dog. This is an option for employees of special services.
In other parts of the world, attempts are also being made to bring out wolffoss. For example, there are mentions of a certain Texas breeder trying to create a hybrid of a dog and a wolf with stable external signs.
What do breeds have in common?
Most wolf-like dog breeds share common characteristics and similarities in appearance. Animals require early socialization and training, thus avoiding aggressive and destructive behavior in the future.
Animals tend to howl and bark, they do not tolerate loneliness. Because of boredom, they can destroy everything in the house, such as gnawing shoes, furniture, tearing pillows. You can avoid such problems if you pay attention to your pet and daily load it physically, stimulate mental activity, do not allow to be bored.
Animals molt profusely twice a year, and when kept in a house, molting can continue throughout the year. Will require regular combing wool and cleaning. Representatives of the listed breeds are suitable for keeping on the street and for people who are ready to spend a lot of time with a pet.
How to educate?
Taking a wolf to the house, be prepared for gradual training and a smooth upbringing. If you act with pressure, you will get a stubborn dog.
The first thing that should be remembered by the owner of a puppy of a given breed is that the dog must understand why it is required to perform a particular command. That is, if you teach the Sit! Command, you should also sit down yourself, for example, in order to stroke it.
You should not try every day to learn a single command, even if the dog is not yet fulfilling it. Monotony will quickly get bored with the wolf, and he will refuse to do anything at all. He needs diversity.
Be sure to acquaint the dog with family friends, relatives and other animals from a very early age. The dog must gradually get used to other people and beasts, otherwise it may behave unpredictably.
Never yell at the dog. Develop a command voice. Not only will the wolf not react as it should be to the "bestial roar," but also the constant feeling of fear will eventually turn into aggression.
Do not even try to ask the dog to execute the command "Voice!", Since the wolf simply does not know how to bark.
Attention! Outbred puppies
Northern Inuit is a wolf-like breed of dog. In whelping them almost impossible to distinguish from the usual mongrels. The breed, though not recognized, is increasingly gaining popularity. Unfortunately, in Russia there is not a single club that would be engaged in their breeding. There are amateur clubs abroad, and the cost of one puppy can exceed five thousand dollars, you see, this is a lot of money!
Chasing prey, Russia began to imitate the breed, reducing the Huskies and the German Shepherd. The result is the usual "defective" puppies, but they give out for the Northern Inuit or Wolfcat (also a hybrid of a wolf and a dog). Some are not even afraid to sell ordinary mongrels. Such sellers after the purchase can not be found.
Of course, there are people in Russia who have managed to acquire real Inuit, but they are so few that it is almost impossible to buy a puppy from them.
The nature of the Inuit and its training
Inuit owners claim that this breed is difficult to train, a stubborn character. But nevertheless, these dogs proved to be excellent in the service of rescuers and organizations fighting against drugs. The Inuit have unrivaled flair! They also showed themselves well on the set, for example, starring in the roles of lyutovolkov in the popular television series "Game of thrones". A wolf dog, if you find an approach to it, will be well trained.
Domestic wolves are dominant and sometimes aggressive. They should not be brought to people who have other pets. Also, do not buy such a pet weakly and unbalanced individuals.
Inuit can be made as a friend or guard, he will not carry life on a leash. The wolf dog will not perceive monotony in the training, so it is necessary to educate and train the teams in a game form. By the way, she is very playful!
With the acquisition of such a dog get ready to spend all the holidays together with her. In the long absence of the owner, she first yearns, then falls into stress, in the future she develops a nervous distemper. This is a condition when the dog falls on his paws, even with joy. Such an illness is incurable, and only a strong sedative can prolong the life of a pet a little.
Special care dog wolf does not require. It is necessary to comb it during the molt, cut the claws as needed.
Since the Inuit wool is thick and double-layered, treatment for fleas, ticks and worms is required.
Eat it is peculiar to everything from homemade food to dry food. It is necessary to pamper the bone, so that the plaque is cleaned from the teeth, the chewing joints remain strong.
It is important to remember that the Inuit need a vaccination schedule.
Their life expectancy does not have accurate data, ranging from 10 to 14 years. Also, because of the small livestock, it is impossible to say exactly which diseases are most often affected by domestic wolves. Timely vaccination will help avoid a variety of dangerous diseases.
Czechoslovak Wolfwalk, photo by Sonja Pauen.
One of the two recognized wolf dogs is the Czechoslovakian wolf dog. This breed was bred in the middle of the last century by crossing German shepherd dogs with Carpathian wolves. The results turned out to be a dog, which is very similar to a wolf in body structure and hair. Czechoslovakian vlchak equally attached to all family members and get along with other animals in the house, but to unfamiliar animals may be hostile.
Unrecognized wolf-dog breeds
In addition to the above, there are quite a few breeds obtained from crossing a wolf with a dog, but not recognized by canine organizations. For example:
- Lupo italiano
- American tundra shepherd,
- American Wolfdog,
- Perm Wolfcat,
- Russian Wolfhund,
- Yulan Wolf Dog,
- Canary Labita
White wolf dog breed
Samoyed breed dogs, photo by Tundra Ice.
As a rule, driving in the search query "breed of dogs white wolf" people are looking for a Samoyed dog. Like the Malamutes, and the Huskies, the Samoyeds are sled dogs. Yes, they are a bit like white wolves, but in fact they are far from them in terms of parameters.
Video about wolf-like breeds
The story about the Siberian Husky breed from Animal Planet:
The story about the Alaskan Malamute breed from Animal Planet in the 101 Dogs program:
The story about the Czechoslovak breed wolf in the program “Through the Eyes of Animals”:
This is where our story about wolf-like dog breeds ends. We hope you find it interesting and informative, and offer to get acquainted with other materials on the site "Give Lapu".
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