How often do vaccinated cat


If a cat lives in the house, its owners should take care of vaccinations. Even in the case when the animal does not go beyond the threshold of the apartment, infection with some dangerous virus is possible. There is a chance to bring it on dirty shoes or some other things. In addition, any trip to the vet for an unvaccinated pet is dangerous, because in the clinic in the queue to the doctor there are animals with various diseases.

What is cat vaccination for?

The most dangerous diseases for these animals are rabies, feline distemper, viral leukemia, rhinotracheitis, etc. The vaccination of a cat will protect your pet from dangerous viruses. This is especially important if you plan to travel with an animal in the summer to the country or even travel. Well, and if your pet is a very thoroughbred person? and you will attend the exhibition, here vaccinations are a must. For each animal, the veterinarian gets a passport, which marks the dates of vaccination and the types of vaccine.

Cat vaccination by the rules

Only healthy cats are vaccinated. Not bad for 10 days before vaccination to carry out prevention - deworming. Worms produce toxins that weaken animals. It is useless and even dangerous to vaccinate such cats, since a vaccinated pet may even get sick with a weakened immune system. Also, on the eve of vaccination, antihistamines should be taken to avoid an allergic reaction. If a the cat is vaccinated, then the kittens begin to vaccinate at 12 weeks. If the mother is not vaccinated? or you don't know anything about it, then it is better to do it early - at 8 weeks. You can not vaccinate kids during the change of teeth. After the first vaccination of a kitten, revaccination is performed after a while. In babies, there is not yet enough time to develop a sufficient amount of antibodies, and those obtained with mother's milk disappear by this age. Immunity is established 10 days after vaccination. During this period, you should protect your pet from hypothermia, you can not wash, you can not walk with him. In the future, vaccination of the cat is carried out once a year.

In what cases it is impossible to vaccinate cats

Vaccination of cats that are "in position" is unacceptable, it is better to do this at least a month before mating. Nursing mom also can not be vaccinated. If the animal was treated with antibiotics, then in this case you will have to wait a couple of weeks after taking the drugs. There is a situation when a cat has been in contact with sick animals and is in the initial stage of the disease. Then the vaccination should be canceled. Here it is possible to use hyperimmune serum, which contains antibodies to viruses and will support the immunity of the sick animal.

What vaccinations are used for cats

Vaccinations are monovalent - from one disease, and polyvalent, which protect from several diseases at once. The vaccine Nobivac TRICAT manufactured in the Netherlands is currently very common. It protects against rhinotracheitis, panleukopenia and calcivirosis. Vaccination of cats for rabies is carried out by the preparation of the same manufacturer "Nobivac Rabies". Good results are achieved by the annual comprehensive vaccination of cats "Nobivak Tricket" and "Nobivac Rabies". The French preparations Quadricat and Fort-Dodge Laboratori made in the USA are also easily tolerated by animals. But the Russian vaccines are very heavy, after which the cats feel bad for several days.

Why do cats need vaccinations?

The method of vaccination consists in administering to the animal a special preparation containing viruses or bacteria in a weakened state. At the same time, the body begins to produce antibodies to protect against infection and disease.

Even if the cat is an absolute homebody, that is, it never goes outside, she needs vaccinations. Malicious organisms are present everywhere - in the air, in food and in water.

Starting to do the first vaccinations kitten must be from an early age - two months. This helps to strengthen the immune system and reduces the risk of disease. Vaccination should be subject to the rules and in compliance with the terms. Preliminary, it is recommended to treat a cat from fleas and ticks, to de-worming twice with an interval of 10 days. Immediately before vaccination, the necessary tests are taken, the pet is examined by a veterinarian.

List of mandatory vaccinations for cats:

  1. Rabies.
  2. Viral respiratory diseases (calcivirosis and rhinotracheitis).
  3. Panleukopenia.

Different countries impose different requirements on vaccination on animal owners. When traveling to the EU countries, a mandatory rule is a chip cat, the installed chip stays with the animal for life.

What diseases are vaccinated cats, drugs

The cat is given the first vaccination at the age of 8 weeks. It is this age line characterized by a positive immune response to vaccinations. First of all, panleukopenia or feline distemper vaccinations are usually done. The next vaccine is administered to the animal in a month - at week 12. According to the rules revaccination should be carried out in a year. You can get vaccinated later because of the deteriorating health of the cat and for individual veterinarian appointments.

Show bred kittens at two months of age put vaccinations against leukemia. Mandatory preliminary procedures are blood donation for FeLV oncovirus.

At the age of two months, kittens are vaccinated against calcivirosis and rintertoracheitis. All these diseases have a viral nature of occurrence, are hard tolerated by cats and are difficult to treat. Vaccinations are the only chance to prevent illness. It is useful for cats that frequently travel and visit the street to be vaccinated against ringworm or a fungus called trichophytosis of microsporia.

The owner of the note! According to many veterinarians, rabies vaccinations should be administered to all cats, without exception. The rabies virus is dangerous to humans and animals, infectious and viable in the external environment.

Vaccinations for chlamydia and peritonitis are not mandatory, but are recommended to many owners. Chlamydia affects the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract, organs of vision, respiration and the urogenital system. Infection prone to small kittens from one month of age. Infection of peritonitis in 100% of cases is fatal. It destroys the immune system of animals, can flow for years without symptoms.

Rules for vaccination and revaccination

By age, cats are vaccinated according to the established schedule. If the mother cat is vaccinated, the cub receives antibodies with maternal colostrum and milk. Therefore, the primary vaccination of a kitten is prescribed at the age of 3 months. In this case, the kitten’s immunity is formed only from those diseases against which the cat was vaccinated. If the origin of the kitten is unknown, the first vaccinations have been done since 2 months.

If there is a high probability of infection, it is acceptable to administer the vaccine to the kitten from 6 weeks after the birth of the animal.

Rules for vaccination of cats:

  1. Vaccinations make completely healthy animals. Before vaccination, a veterinary examination of the animal is carried out and a stool analysis is performed for the presence of worms.
  2. Vaccinations are prohibited for kittens at the time of teething, pregnant and lactating cats.
  3. A month after vaccination surgical interventions are prohibited in the animal.

The term of immunization and the type of vaccine selects a specialist - a veterinarian. The best are complex preparations containing several components at once. Their price is higher in comparison with single-component and two-component drugs. However, you should know that no vaccine will be an absolute guarantee for the health of the cat, but it will help to strengthen the immune system and in case of infection it is easier to transfer the disease.

What diseases do cats vaccinate

Developed vaccines that protect cats from seven viral and bacterial diseases:

  • Calcivirosis
  • rhinotracheitis,
  • panleukopenia,
  • rabies,
  • chlamydia
  • infectious peritonitis,
  • trichophytosis and microsporia (ringworm).

Vaccinations for cats make various drugs. Most manufacturers produce complex vaccines containing three or four components. An overview of the most common vaccines is provided below.

As a rule, annual vaccinations for cats make such multi-component drugs, attaching to them rabies vaccine (rabies). As a result, revaccination is carried out once a year with two injections. They also produce rabies vaccines with long-term protection (up to three years).

At what age do vaccinations cats

Newborn kittens have the so-called colostral (passive) immunity. It is provided by maternal antibodies transmitted by cat mom with colostrum in the first 24–36 hours of life. In this case, the kitten will be protected only from those infections against which his mother was vaccinated. Such immunity lasts up to a maximum of 16 weeks. Its duration depends on the number of antibodies in the cat, the timing of its vaccinations.

Passive protection can prevent the development of immunity in response to the introduction of a vaccine kitten, so it is undesirable to vaccinate up to 10 weeks of age. Another reason why it is undesirable to introduce a vaccine early is an immature system of lymphoid tissue, incapable of effective antibody production. It is believed that a good immune response to vaccination can be obtained only after two months of age kitten.

If there is a high risk of the disease, then vaccination is carried out earlier - after 6 weeks, at a time when the kitten still consumes the mother's milk and is not taken away from the cat. The fact is that antibodies are produced in a few weeks, so in the period from 6 to 16 weeks the kitten is most vulnerable. After all, maternal immunity no longer protects, and its own has not yet developed.

Vaccinations of cats by age (table)

What vaccinations do cats up to a year and when? When building a vaccination scheme, many factors matter: where the kitten will live, from what diseases and how long its mother was vaccinated, is there a threat of infection, is the region safe for infectious diseases. On average, the schedule of vaccinations for cats is as follows.

  1. 9–12 weeks - the first vaccine against respiratory viral infections (rhinotracheitis, calcivirosis) and panleukopenia.
  2. At the age of 12 weeks - rabies vaccination.
  3. Re-vaccination against respiratory viral infections (rhinotracheitis, calcivirosis) and panleukopenia takes place 2–4 weeks after the first one.
  4. Then vaccinations are given every year 11–12 months after the last vaccination.

If necessary, you can add chlamydia to the three viral diseases at the same time.

If there is a risk of contracting ringworm, then an additional vaccination is given against this disease at 8 and 10 weeks.

In a locality where infectious peritonitis of cats is common, the vaccine against this virus is administered at the age of 16 and 20 weeks.

Terms may vary slightly depending on the specific vaccine selected. All manufacturers are attached to the drug detailed instructions indicating the timing of vaccination and revaccination, preparation measures for vaccination, a list of adverse reactions and what to do in case of complications for the introduction of antigen.

Cat Vaccine Overview

What are the vaccines for cats in the Russian market? Recall that all drugs must be certified by veterinary supervision and have instructions in Russian. It is forbidden to carry out vaccination with drugs not approved for use on the territory of the Russian Federation. To date, the most widely used drugs are.

  1. "Nobivak Triket" and "Nobivak Forcat". Live three and, respectively, tetravalent vaccine from the leading Dutch manufacturer Intervet. It provides protection against respiratory viral infections and feline panleukopenia (plus chlamydia in Nobivak Forcat). Enter twice with an interval of 3-4 weeks. The age of the first vaccination is not earlier than 8 weeks.
  2. Quadricat - Quadricat, producer - Merial, France. The biological product consists of two vaccines. Inactivated vaccine "Korifelin" against herpesvirus and feline calcivirosis (protects against respiratory diseases) and live Rabif-Feliniff vaccine against rabies and panleukopenia. Before use, the vaccine is mixed and given one shot. It is possible to inoculate from the age of three months once, revaccination is done after 12 months.
  3. Leucofrelin (Merial, France). A biological product similar to Quadriket, but consists of Korifelin and Rabiff-Feliniff live vaccine (against panleukopenia). That is, the drug gives protection against three viral diseases of cats. Vaccination done twice.
  4. "Multifel-4". Inactivated Russian-made vaccine (Narvak). Active against four infections of cats: rhinotracheitis, calcivirus infection, panleukopenia and chlamydia. Kittens are vaccinated twice with an interval of 21-28 days. Revaccination is carried out at the age of 10–12 months.
  5. Fel-O-Wax - Fel-O-Vax. Inactivated vaccine manufactured by Fort Dodge, USA. It protects against four infections: panleukopenia of cats, calcivirosis (contains two strains of calcivirus), rhinotracheitis and chlamydia. Gives immunity to four infectious diseases. Kittens are vaccinated twice, starting at 8 weeks of age.
  6. "Eurifell RCPFeLV" (Merial, France). The drug consists of 2 components: dry live PfeLV vaccine against panleukopenia and leukemia, liquid - vaccine, inactivated RC against rhinotracheitis and calcivirosis.
  7. Purevax (Merial, France). The line of live vaccines: Purevaks RCP (panleukopenia, rhinotracheitis, calcivirosis), Purevaks RCPCh (same plus chlamydia), Purevaks FeLV (against cat leukemia).
  8. Nobivac Rabies. Inactivated vaccine manufactured by Intervet against rabies with a long duration of protection. Vaccinate once at the age of 3 months. Revaccination is carried out after 3 years.
  9. “Primutsel FIP” - Primucell (Pfizer, USA). Vaccine against viral peritonitis of cats. Contains live virus (strain DF2-FIPV). Recommended terms of vaccination: twice since the age of 16 weeks with an interval between the introduction of 3 weeks.
  10. "Microderm", "Vakderm", "Polivak TM for cats." Live depriving vaccines. They have a therapeutic effect, that is, they can treat the disease. Vaccinated twice since 1.5 months. The interval between doses of the drug is 10-14 days. The therapeutic effect occurs 15–20 days after the first injection.

Mandatory vaccination for cats

There are mandatory vaccinations for cats, without which the animal will not be allowed to be exported abroad. The list of required vaccinations needs to be clarified immediately during the execution of documents - different countries may have different requirements. Diseases that are required for vaccination primarily include rabies, viral respiratory diseases of cats and panleukopenia. The vaccination marks are made on an internationally certified veterinary passport. Vaccinations must be made at least one month before departure, but not more than 11 months.

By the way, if you plan to travel to EU countries, the cat should be chipped. You can chip an animal in a veterinary clinic, the procedure is painless, and the chip lasts for life.

For cats participating in exhibitions, also have their own requirements. They should receive rabies vaccine no earlier than one month before the date of the event.

What vaccinations should be done to cats, left for overexposure in the nursery? Virtually all institutions require the animal to be vaccinated against rabies. For the safety of your pet, 3-4 weeks before the intended time of moving to a jailbreak, it is better to insure and make a multivaccinate for four diseases.

Vaccination of breeding cats and cats

Separate requirements are imposed on animals allowed for breeding. In this case, the owner is responsible not only for his pet, but also for the future offspring.

Vaccination cats-manufacturers need to be done annually against such diseases:

  • panleukopenia,
  • rhinotracheitis,
  • rabies,
  • Calcivirosis
  • chlamydia

Cats are vaccinated against the same diseases not later than one month before mating. It is undesirable to vaccinate pregnant cats with live vaccines. In the extreme case, inactivated (killed) biopreparations may be introduced. Such a decision should be made by a veterinarian, after weighing the risks to the mother and the kittens.

Summing up, we note that there are many vaccines for cats imported and domestically produced from any one disease, and complex - from three or four infections. The timing of vaccination as well as the choice of a particular drug is best left to the discretion of the veterinarian. The general rule is to vaccinate kittens at the age of 8–12 weeks after weaning from the mother with revaccination according to the instructions (usually in 3–4 weeks). Subsequently, cats are vaccinated once a year to maintain a high level of protective antibodies.

When to give a rabies vaccine to a cat

Veterinarians secrete a number of common types of infections in cats. Максимально обезопасить животных от развития недуга, разработана схему уколы вакцины.

Кальцивироз: инфекция — у кошки наблюдается повышенная температура тела, могут появиться выраженные язвы во рту или на носу, кошка прихрамывает, наблюдается высокая сонливость. Despite such a considerable number of symptoms, the owners of pets sometimes ignore the treatment to doctors, which leads to death in 80% of cases. Most often, the disease affects street cats. The first vaccine against infection is done at 9-12 months, then annually.

Rhinotracheitis: a viral manifestation that proceeds in an acute form. Infected kittens feel very bad. Drowsiness is accompanied by inflammation of the mouth, eyes (there may be purulent discharge). Rhinotracheitis is transmitted by airborne droplets and serves as the first "bell" to the development of complex pathologies. Often this is transmitted to mother kittens. Vaccination is recommended to do for 9 weeks, followed by vaccination.

Panleukopenia is associated with lesions of the gastrointestinal tract. In this situation, the cat practically refuses to eat. Most difficult to tolerate panleukopenia kittens in infancy.

Death occurs often enough, because the cat is sick for up to 7 days, which is very hard for a weakened baby. The initial vaccination is given at the age of 9-12 weeks.

Rabies is characterized by a high probability of death. From the main symptoms, when it is necessary to urgently inject the drug, it is isolated - copious saliva, gag reflexes, lack of appetite. Most often, the cat weakens due to contact with other animals that are infected with rabies. Mandatory rabies vaccination is done at one-year-old kittens.

To prevent chlamydia, the vaccine is used at 9 to 12 weeks. This is a disease that affects the urinary canals and adversely affects the functioning of the respiratory system. In the first stages, a clear sign is a change in temperature. In this case, the kitten can be quite active, eat normally. At the second stage of chlamydia development, sneezing and purulent formations around the eyes are observed.

Infectious peritonitis differs from the above-listed diseases by a low level of knowledge on the part of veterinarians.

As a result of the spread of the virus, immunity is the first to suffer. Almost asymptomatic illness leads to disastrous consequences. In the list of vaccinations for peritonitis is to introduce a vaccine in 16 weeks.

Trichophytosis and microsporia are species depriving, with the diagnosis there are no problems due to obvious hair loss. In some cases, a crust may form at the bald spot. It is important to know that cats with deprive can pass it on to humans. The most susceptible are people with low immunity.

Review of drugs for cats against rabies

The Center for Veterinary Medicine is the only place where they can prescribe and inject the rabies vaccine correctly. In the market for drugs for rabies, there are several proven manufacturers and brands that are in demand and are highly effective:

  • "Nobivak Triket": prescribed cats against viral infections, in case of lesions of the respiratory tract,
  • "Kvadrikat" is a comprehensive protection, including two types of vaccines: against respiratory ailments and to avoid rabies,
  • "Leukorifelin" - prevents the development of three infectious diseases in cats: respiratory, rabies, to prevent panleukopenia,
  • "Nobivak Rabies" - an innovative drug relieves the rabies virus. The main feature is the long period of protection of the cat, which reduces the frequency - 1 time every three years,
  • "Microderm", "Vakderm" - reliable protection against depriving. Also used during the period of treatment from infection.

When you can not do without vaccines

According to the rules of transporting animals, there is a list of mandatory vaccinations required for the export of a cat abroad. Before traveling to a particular country on a particular type of transport, you need to clarify what information you need to move. Mandatory vaccination may vary due to the nature of the country in which you intend to take your pet.

Transportation of animals without a vaccine against respiratory diseases and panleukopenia is unacceptable. The dates of vaccinations should be marked on the passport. It is important that a protective drug must enter the cats at least one month before the trip. An additional condition for transporting abroad is chipping. At the same time, the special chip will remain with the cat for a lifetime, it is completely painless.

To participate in cat shows, the content in the nursery, there is also a list of vaccinations, they are reported directly at the place. Against rabies - the only universal vaccine, without which it is impossible to do. There are also multivaccines that can save the cat from common infections.

Features of breeding animals

Caring for cats that are used for breeding requires special attention from their owners. Cats are recommended to prick the vaccine a month before the putative mating. In this case, veterinarians do not recommend the use of drugs for pregnant animals, even for rabies. Any decision should be taken by the doctor, taking into account the peculiarities of the health and condition of the pet.

Every year, offspring producers need to be vaccinated against panleukopenia, rhinotracheitis, calcivirosis, chlamydia and rabies. In this case, timely vaccination is able to protect not only the adult pet, but also the fetus from congenital infectious diseases. Take care of your animals so that they can fully live and give joy!