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Siberian cat - description of the breed, its character and tips on education

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The pride of Russian felinologists, such a native "Murka" - Siberian cat - is one of the most amazing breeds.

Having traveled from the village bench to the stands of world exhibitions in record time, the Siberians became real "cinderers" of the cat world.

The fascinating story, spectacular appearance and amazing character of these cats continue to gain popularity throughout the world.

Breed history

Siberian cats are an aboriginal breed, practically formed naturally. Domestic felinologists could only hone to perfection and certify the breed.

Not without myths about the origin of the Siberians. Many believe that they are natives of the wild forests of Siberia. But the “forest” appearance was not inherited by the Siberian cat from wild ancestors, but was formed under the influence of Siberian frosts. However, initially there were no cats in this territory - they were brought from the European regions by the Cossacks in the 18-19 centuries. and peasants of small-scale areas in the 20th century.

The first imported cats did not differ in long hair and large build. The genotype changed under the influence of the same natural selection. BUT There are two versions of the long-hair gene:

  • the influence of the Persian breed (through the Silk Road),
  • or cats of northern Europe (in the process of migration of the 18th century).

Do not know how to wean the cat shit? Article under the picture - you to help.
Whether the Siberian cat looks like a Maine Coon, learn from this article.

After the war, large breeds with warm, waterproof wool were taken from Siberia to the largest centers of the Union - to fight with mice and rats. And it was the Leningrad and Moscow cats in the 80s that became the basis of the Siberian breed.

The cat Roman, born in 1987, became the first representative of the standard of the Siberian breed.

Then the "career" of these cats began to rapidly gain momentum:

    • 1987 - in Germany, the first European nursery of Siberian cats - "Nevsky" was opened. The cat of the founders of the nursery - Tim - received the highest marks at exhibitions, forcing the whole of Europe to learn about himself,
    • 1989 - The Association of Felinologists of the USSR certified the "Siberian" breed, rejecting the name "Moscow",

  • 1992 - the representative of the domestic nursery "Marcellus", Dimka Gentle Beast received the "World Champion" in WCF,
  • 1995 - Moscow organized the special show Siberian Miracle,
  • 1996-1997 yy - the breed was recognized by TICA and FIFe, an association of breed lovers (OLSK) was opened,
  • 2006 - Siberians recognized in the USA (CFA), and a cat from Sybaris Moscow - Fenya Lynx Ionessi - won the European and World Champion, the title holder of the DSM.

Nowadays, Siberian cats are actively bred abroad. But in Russia there is a heterogeneity of the type of animals and the disappearance of the basic colors of the breed.

Breed standard

Siberian cat lives up to its name with external data:

    • muscular body of medium length, strong bones,
    • the back is just above the shoulders, the belly is hard, the neck is massive,
    • trapezius, rounded head, large or medium,
    • slightly tilted ears of medium size, tassels are desirable,
    • impressive, round eyes of all shades of yellow and green,

  • limbs of medium length, strong,
  • hoisted round and large,
  • the coat is hard, the length is medium, has a water-repellent property and a double undercoat,
  • the tail is wide and long enough, with thick hair that should not fall down.

Siberian cat weight - about 6 kg, while cats significantly outperform them, reaching 12 kg.

Siberian breed includes countless colors. For the motley "coloring" it is often called the "Siberian colorpoint."

This is usually a combination of gray, black, white and ginger. According to the standard wool color is allowed any, except:

Breed characteristic

Siberian cat is one of the "universal" breeds.

    1. It easily adapts to any dwelling.: having guard skills and being an excellent hunter, it is ideal for a private home, and the innate sense of tact and accuracy allows it to live without problems in an apartment.
    2. Siberian cats have strong characterbut at the same time they are tender and loving. Being able not to annoy the owner, they will be infinitely glad for his caress.

    Want to have a kitten? Under the picture, read the good cat Scottish Fold.
    And from this article you will learn about one of the best cat food - Hills.

    1. Siberian breed, though it looks clumsy, incredibly agile and graceful. These cats welcome any toys and adore "climbing". But their playfulness coexists with a sharp mind: before you do something, the cat will think about it, and then make the only right step.
    2. Due to its natural strength and characteristics of wool, Siberian cats can treat osteochondrosis, neuralgia and rheumatic pains.

    Breed content

    In the care of Siberian cats, of course, there are features. For example:

    • this breed loves daily walks and needs them even in winter,
    • they also prefer to relieve themselves on the street, although it is believed that Siberians are easier to teach the rest of the breeds to the toilet,
    • It is better to feed a Siberian cat with natural food - meat, fish, eggs, with herbal supplements and vitamins,
    • The Siberians, in principle, do not need to cut their claws, they have a rather good claw scratch,
    • it’s great if you can organize a pet play and play corner,
    • if the cat's ears are polluted, it is necessary to wipe it with an oil swab, eyes - just wet,
    • The health of the Siberian breed is excellent, however, vaccinations as prophylaxis do not interfere.

    How to care for the wool of the Siberian cat

    The “fur coat” of this breed is a separate story. Many potential owners are frightened by the care of such a luxury, but “do you know how long”?

    In the fall and spring, Siberian cats shed and need to be combed.

    To care for their wool will need special brushes:

    • pukhoderka
    • wide flat brush
    • comb from fleas and dirt
    • metal comb with rare long teeth
    • rough gloves for massage,
    • suede or terry cloth flap.

    Combing occurs in several stages:

    • rare teeth - frequent teeth - frequent comb,
    • brushing the tail,
    • the undercoat is removed by puhoderka (only during the molting period).

    Do not use brushes with artificial bristles - they contribute to the breakage of wool.

    This breed is not afraid of water, but it is often not worth bathing it - wool and remains clean for so long. Before bathing the cat must be combed out. Finish the procedure of bathing by applying a special balm.

    Do not leave the animal in the sun for a long time - the color may fade.

    Watch an entertaining video about Siberian cats:

    Ricat

    Siberian kitten raised with a shepherd puppy. The tandem turned out great - friends for life. Perhaps, having “brought up” by a dog, Chip began to hooligan for a couple, or even “for” her: he manages a lot around the house, with age he is not indifferent to wooden furniture, it scares the guests. Despite the explosive nature, he gets along well with the child and carries toys to him.

    Catherine

    Our Siberian is already 2 years old, the cat is very affectionate. He sleeps at his feet, calms when he cries, even “cries” for the company! Beautiful, smug muzzle, incredibly intelligent look. He eats everything, right up to the Rollton, endlessly washes himself, loves to sit in the washstand and drink from the tap.

    Laura

    Siberian kitty wish everyone! The only drawback of our Sonia is a strong molt. The rest is a luxurious animal: clean, intelligent, calm. Always near, but not annoying, not screaming and not capricious. She got used to the tray and natural food quickly. Children - in a wild delight from the cat and it seems that it is mutual!

    It is not important to consider the Siberian cat "grandmother Murka" or the queen of the cat. The main thing is the ability to understand, sympathize, and faithfully love - it cannot be taken away from her.

    In addition, you will need knowledge of how to choose the right cat food, so as not to overpay for the “brand” and not harm the health of the pet with poor-quality nutrition. Feeding a kitten is slightly different, more info here.

    9 comments

    I have such a breed, but did not know such historical details. Now I understand where she has such a character. What I like most about this breed is that it is as real as a Siberian is not whimsical in content.

    Wonderful article! I didn’t even imagine that the Siberian cat has such an interesting story. Now, together with our pets, we think what breed should be purchased, so such subtleties as the nature of the breed and the conditions of detention are very useful for me. Perhaps we’ll dwell on the Siberian one - in our family from childhood they are inculcating restraint that will not hurt the animal.
    Thanks for the information!

    I was given this cat for my birthday. I have long wanted to get a cat, but could not decide on the breed. And then they gave me my miracle! Buska called her Siberian. She became a real member of the family, playing well with her daughter. In the care is not whimsical, just need to comb. but she loves this thing, purring while you scratch her fur. In general, a great breed, we are very pleased with her appearance in our family!

    I have a Siberian cat. I live for 3 years. Remarkable, smart, handsome. Real friend. Very clean, loves when I comb it. Very much loves to be photographed. Close-knit, weighs 7 kg. A full member of our family. When there are animals in the house, people become kinder

    grew up with such a beast, dad brought it in a mitten from a bird market in the distant Primorye. calm and balanced in old age and a fool in his youth. strange, but got along with a rat, although an experimental trip to the cottage showed that the cat is able to kill everything that moves or threatens the health of the owners. in the conditions of a city apartment showed humility, coupled with a groovy creativity. He pressed his father to bring chicken bones, after having pulled them out of the bin. opened any doors in any direction. Affectionate and caring cat, he treated me when I had a sore throat. He slept in the legs, and sometimes on the pillow of the owner instead of the owner. perfectly understood the team "Syoma, yepanamaat. ", Which was used if the cat was a great nagger, and immediately turned from a clockwork bullies to a tender kitten. was the star of the attraction- tore the flounder frozen to death in half. the whole army dorm came to watch)) Semka went to die at age 12. silently pulled out the door when someone entered. He, of course, was looking for. not found. I grew up and got married. when in my family it was a question of choosing a pet, for me this question was already resolved.

    I bought a kitten on the bird in 1980. They said that the cat, but it turned out - the lady - was discovered when the pregnancy became apparent. She lived for 20 years, the son grew up with her, she licked him like a kitten.
    Kittens were about a hundred, all friends were provided. When I lived in the country, I caught mice and sometimes brought me a mouse as a gift. She preferred to mess with dogs, but when, as she thought, the dog threatened her kittens, she could even get rid of the dog, giving in to the dog with its paw anywhere.
    I felt in advance that my son would come in 10 minutes and walked to the door, and sat down to wait, looking at the door.
    And what kind of wedding suit! Pieces of twenty crazed cats collected, but allowed only one for many years. Dying crawled into my lap. We still remember her. We do not have another one.

    The Siberian Shurochka cat lives with us. Almost an adult boy) - 4 years. And it appeared interesting - I had a dream in a cage of a pet store with other kittens and muttered: “take it, mistress”. I went to the zoomag, and there he sits like in my dream. That's how I chose). The cat is certainly wonderful, intelligent, affectionate, non-conflicting, knows his own worth and loves his people. And we have learned some simple commands, which he is ready to demonstrate to the joy of everyone. I can recommend a friendship with a siberian to everyone, of course, if the future owner has enough strength and patience to survive the feline adolescence and properly educate his ward).

    I do not like cats. All my life I have had large breed dogs. The eldest daughter got married and my grandmother's son-in-law has a "Siberian". Due to my health I cannot get a dog and therefore I was upset. On my birthday, the children brought me a kitten, which greatly grieved me. What to do? Do not throw away the same. Expect meowing, obsession. To my great surprise or anything like that. One time was enough to accustom to the tray, nor any whims in food. Now my Sonya is my friend, my companion. My last dog was Amstaff, the characters of my Siberian Sonya and Amstaffki Irma are like 2 drops of water. I love my Sonya.

    I’ve got a Siberian kitten, I’m going to take my acquaintance with my German shepherd dog to the dacha, I don’t even know how my Hans reacts to her, and he rarely sees me, misses me, and I also tense with a kitten

    The origin of the breed

    There are a lot of rumors and myths about the origin of the Siberian cat breed. According to some sources, Siberian cats appeared in the Siberian taiga, thanks to which they have some features of their appearance that helped them survive in difficult climatic conditions.

    The Siberian cat belongs to the aboriginal long-haired breed and is obliged by its features (appearance, character and endurance) to nature. It is believed that the ancestors of this cat were wild steppe (forest) Siberian cats - predators, which are excellent hunters.

    The standard of a cat of the Siberian breed was defined not so long ago - at the beginning of the 90s. Breeders have identified specific features of how to identify the breed. They studied what a Siberian cat should be, and gave a detailed description of what it looks like, what are the characteristic signs, what is the character and what other features.

    Breed description Siberian cat

    The Siberian cat differs from its other relatives by its stocky build, muzzle, fluffy coat, character, physiology ... Let's look at the main characteristics of the Russian Siberian cat breed in more detail.

    Character and some features

    The origin of the cat makes itself felt. Siberian cat is a great hunter. The hunter's instinct is so developed in her that she will not disappear in any "extreme" conditions. She dexterously catches not only a mouse, but also a rabbit. The same hunter instinct makes the cat look like a dog. She (with joy) brings things in her teeth. Based on these data, you will know how to name and pick up a name for a kitten, a collection of beautiful nicknames.

    Fearlessness. "Siberians" protect their space, do not allow extraneous animals and people, informing the owners that "strangers" have come. They are absolutely not afraid of dogs, people, and that frightens ordinary cats (sharp noise, the roar of cars, sirens ...).

    Learnability Siberian cat is smart and obedient. It can be accustomed to a particular place for the toilet.

    Mind, prudence. A cat will never climb anywhere without making sure that it is safe. Before you get a toy from under the chair (cabinet, bed), she will think carefully about how to do it.

    Siberian cats are not picky. These cats will play with any object (toy, piece of paper, string ...) that will be offered to them.

    Restraint in relation to people. Siberian cats are affectionate, but restrained. They will not constantly ask for their hands, but they will never leave their master when he is bad (ill, upset about something). They will not adapt to their masters, since they themselves consider themselves as such. Siberian cat will be friends with the owner only if he respects him.

    Health and immunity are much stronger than their counterparts. Life expectancy is on average 15-20 years.

    Progeny. Siberian cats can give birth to 5-9 (rarely) kittens. The reproductive age of a cat can last up to 18 years, the cat - only up to 11.

    Care and maintenance

    • Cats can keep track of their own hairs, so their owners only occasionally need to comb it: during the molting period (about 10 days) and constantly (1-2 times a month is enough).
    • If we talk about nutrition, then feed these cats is not difficult. The fact is that this breed has a genetically laid program for natural and diverse food, which facilitates the choice of feed and food for them. There is only one feature that is important to consider when feeding Siberian breeds - the amount of protein (during growth). Taking into account the fact that the kitten's muscles are formed by 3 years, its nutrition in these years should be predominantly protein (about 70%).
    • Do not forget about their love of freedom and periodically set free.


    Photos of Siberian cats

    If you do not want to spend time on loading the plots, you can look at the photos of the Siberian cat, which presents various options for its color:

    • blue
    • Neva Masquerade
    • red (which has a golden hue)
    • white
    • silvery
    • black
    • tricolor
    • tortoise

    Conclusions about the breed

    The Siberian soul is hidden in the powerful body of the Siberian cat. The benevolent and open being has retained many of the habits of their ancestors - the love of hunting and natural observation. There are legends about the intelligence of these cats - Siberians do not need to be trained in the tricks and wonders of dressure; while watching the people themselves, they begin to understand what they want from them.

    Siberian cat is a great companion, able to maintain self-esteem. They have a very developed sense of home and in this quality Siberians are close to dogs. Fearlessness is also their trait. What scares the usual cat - Siberian is perhaps amused. Siberian cats are silent and you don’t get any extra sounds.

    Наследственных болезней у сибирской кошки нет.

    Отзывы владельцев сибирского кота

    Константин: “A stuffed animal with a weight of 9 kilograms is all about our Masika. We got a cat extremely friendly. Despite the fact that we took him as an adult, Masik somehow quickly adapted to our family and today the family does not even think of itself without this Siberian. Masik is kind and playful - when he is bored, he finds a toy-mouse hidden somewhere, brings him into the room and moves his paw with a tender expression on the muzzle. He has become a dad more than once and I must say that all children adopted his best qualities. ”

    Albina: “We raise our Siberian cat from young claws - when we took a kitten, he was only six weeks old. Then it was a scratching ball of wool and for three years nothing has changed. Unfortunately, our cat never learned to play without claws and we all walk year-round scratched. Siberian cat is vindictive and does not forgive even occasional offenses. If you accidentally hooked a cat, then be sure that in about 15 minutes it will jump out at you from around the corner with its claws at the ready. But on the other hand, he sleeps so beautifully, the belly to the top - for this spectacle we forgive him all the flaws!

    Gleb: “Lexus requires special tuning. Lexus is my cat, which needs only the most expensive sausage, only fresh meat and only collective farm sour cream. For these riches, he is ready to pay me, firstly, with vigorous jogs around the apartment at 5 am, and secondly, the sofa wonderfully tattered with claws. Despite its size, Lexus is a coward, cunning and at the same time very charming. He is friends with me and his son, tolerates his wife and mother-in-law - a real man! ”

    Where to buy a Siberian kitten?

    You can buy Siberian kittens in the nursery or at the breeder. The cost of a kitten is influenced by many factors (pedigree, color and other features). The lowest price for a purebred Siberian cat will be about 5 thousand rubles (1 200 UAH), the maximum cost can reach 20 thousand rubles (8 000 UAH).

    Where to buy a Siberian kitten? We invite you to pay attention to the following nurseries, reviews of which are only positive:

    • Siberian cats cattery "Dauria" (http://www.dauriacats.ru/about.html) and cattery "Gloria" in Russia, Moscow.
    • Kennel “Girasole” (http://girasole.by) in Belarus, Minsk.
    • Kennel "Zaimka" (http://zaimka.com.ua/) in Kiev.

    Choose your fluffy kitten in any cattery or from the breeder and you will not regret that the Siberian cat has become your friend.

    Character and life with people

    Being an active, long-haired cat does not need excessive attention from the owner. In the family, the cat chooses a pet and becomes attached to it. Affectionate and benevolent Siberian does not like harsh and loud noises, to which he will react with a hiss if the sound is heard nearby.

    The character of Siberian cats is brave and resolute. In common people they are called guard. If you look closely, then in some photos they look like German shepherds. There have even been cases when cats of this breed attacked street dogs that entered their territory.

    photo: Siberian cat looks like a sheepdog

    Because of the thick coat, the cold is not alien to them. They like to stroll through the fresh snowball, they are perfect hunters. You will no longer have to worry about rodents if, for example, you live in the private sector, where their dime is a dozen.

    Siberian cat shows its character in relation to children. You can not worry, she will react to your children with love and special attention. If the child is still very small, she will show maternal instinct, if she can already run and play, she will gladly make a company!

    But there are also cases when the manifestation of aggression towards people does occur. The reasons are different. The cat, after all, is wild. If a person begins to restrict freedom, the Siberian, in turn, will defend it. A person can get bites and scratches of varying severity. That is the nature of the breed. So be careful.

    Living in the private sector, the cat will not walk on the tray. She will go out to the courtyard, meowing in front of the door to be released. Or go to the hole, made in the floor, especially for the needs of the four-legged friend. And if you live in an apartment, then try to teach a cat to the toilet. They adapt perfectly to this.

    Breed distinctive features

    The breed features of this cat are surprising. They have a muscular body structure, a broad chest, a large head, limbs due to the hair and bone structure look powerful. The elastic area of ​​the abdomen and the strong neck part distinguish its advantage over other breeds.

    The back seems a little higher, because shoulder corset slightly lowered down. The shape of the ears is angular with tassels on the tops. Have a slight slope. Long, beautiful and fluffy, as if with a fringe, tail slightly lowered down, but does not touch the ground. Eye shape is rounded.

    Watch the TV show "Zoo Academy", where the authors and guests will tell you about their pets Siberians. The guests, they are the owners, very interesting color Siberian!

    It is considered that the color of the eyes they are yellow. But depending on the DNA and pedigree color may vary. The muzzle has massive cheekbones, wide forehead, slightly elongated. On the neck may be a wool collar. The entire body of the cat is covered with long hair with undercoat to prevent the ingress of water and dirt.

    The weight of these males of this breed reaches 10 kilograms! Girls weigh half less. They are considered one of the largest breeds. Only the Norwegian Maine Coon can fight with them.

    photo: Norwegian Maine Coon.

    The color of Siberian cats contains black, gray, red, white color. Additional colors that may be present: blue, beige. Some females wear tortoiseshell coat. There are uniform colors, bicolor, patterned (tabby, or tabby). In our gallery we have placed a collection of photos, with Siberian cats of various colors.

    As for the kittens, their development continues for a long time. Five years is necessary for this breed to reach medium sizes. Siberian kittens will be a good anti-stress and will delight their playfulness for a very long time!

    On the Siberian cats, we can say that they have a sense of self-worth, remain calm, in almost any situation. Without consequences, they will survive a housing change and a complete change of home environment. Releasing a Siberian cat on the street, do not be surprised if on arrival he brings a trophy in his mouth.

    Peace lovers in relation to people, as mentioned earlier. This is claimed by both the owners and experts. When young children pull their tails or drag them by their fur, a four-legged friend will never lift a claw on a defenseless baby. The cat will try to leave or pretend that nothing is happening.

    You can ruffle a Siberian, but you don’t need it. Yes, and it will take a lot of time to begin to show aggression. Then "be healthy!". They will not be imposed with affection or abundant attention to themselves.

    Feel like leaders. Do not offend and do not attack other animals without special need, what self-defense or manifestation of hunting instinct can become. If there is a rabbit or a feather in the neighborhood, it is better to take care of their safety so that the children do not shed bitter tears while watching their pet eat up.

    Possess high intelligence, perfectly respond to the nickname. Do not disdain to play toys you bought at the pet store. Try a special bone for the point of the teeth. You can also buy a house and scratching post. They distinguish what a game is, and when a real action takes place.

    Neva Masquerade

    photo: Neva Masquerade

    A distinctive feature of the eyes - have a bright blue hue, in the colors brown-white eyes brown. The structure of the body is muscular, the hair is long, the shoulders are wide, and the paws are powerful. On the face wears a mask, as a rule, the color is darker than the main one. It all depends on color.

    Pleasant character for a person. Smart, balanced, always committed to one person. Not lazy, like to play often, especially with children. They are excellent defenders of their territory. In a game with children, they show patience. They are wary of guests in the house or strangers. You can’t iron such a toy on the street!

    Felinologists (people who breed cats) constantly argue about the color of this breed. In order not to change the characteristics of the breed and preserve the natural color of Siberian cats, it is necessary to cross two types: the traditional form and color-point. What do you think about this? Write in the comments.

    Neva Masquerade cat perfectly adapts to the climate. If she lives in a warm climate, then the need for wool disappears. Over time, it sheds, leaving only short hair. But the tail remains the same - as long and fluffy.

    In this video, Evgenia Timonova will tell about the Siberian breed, and she will have just Neva masquerade in her hands. We recommend to see how it looks on the video. We really liked the video of Eugenia, and especially her pet! Very beautiful!

    They understand and respond to the evaluation of their actions and intellectual abilities. Their dignity is always with you. Do not impose, share with the owner, what is happening around. Careful, have excellent response. They feel upset host and are always ready to support his purring tune.

    The genetic level of these woolen clumps is good. They will never nightmare your home or household, will always behave prudently. For the cleanliness of the house can not worry. But, time for time it is not necessary.

    The colors of Siberian cats and the popularity of the breed exceeded all expectations. The owners constantly participate in exhibitions with their pets. But for such cats exhibition criteria make special demands.

    • following the correct color
    • contrast lines of transition from the main to the point,
    • color uniformity
    • Point intensity in certain areas (paws, tail, etc.) should be evenly colored,
    • in the abdomen should not be dark spots.

    If the jury sees dark spots on the cat's body, your contestant will lose a certain number of points at the exhibition. To avoid this, you need to pay attention to the kitten, which you take into the family, if you are going to continue to participate in exhibitions.

    Black brindle color

    photo: brindle color

    A distinctive feature of this color is the letter "M" of a dark color on the forehead. If you look closely, you can see it. In the continuation should be a strip along the back, there may be equally directed stripes on the sides, necklaces of wool in the neck, overflowing stripes from the back to the abdomen. The main color is present on the abdomen in the form of small, button-like spots.

    An expressive look complements the light contour. Eye color is exclusively yellow or green. The tail of this breed resembles the tail of a raccoon, very fluffy. Ears of a triangular shape with tassels in black on the tops. Black color is present on the tail, paws, sides and back. Dilutes this inflorescence brown, orange and gray.

    Marble Color

    photo: Marble color

    It is a bit similar to the previous color, but there are still differences. The same letter "M" in the forehead, along the back passes a strip, on the sides there are two long stripes, necklaces in the neck, circular spots on the sides, butterflies may be present on the shoulders. Due to the fact that the wool is too long a clear pattern can not be seen.

    Black spotted color

    photo: black spotted

    Siberian cats are spotted black color constantly confused with tiger color. Yes, they are consonant, similar, but there are differences. In one case the stripes, in the other spots on the sides. The spotted color has a variety of “torn marble”.

    Beautiful color has large clear spots, tracing of the central part of the spot is traced. Such spots are called rosettes. This color is similar to the breed of Bengal cats.

    Striped Tabby

    photo: Striped color

    A distinctive feature is the pattern or pattern on wool. On the face there are thin lines. The Siberian cat keeps the breed standard, repeats the same letter "M" on the forehead. Stroke around the eyes and nose, on the paws there are rings of a dark color, as well as on the tail, a necklace around the neck of a gun.

    A Siberian cat may not have a pattern or stripes. This color is called Solid (solid). Common colors of Siberian cats: black, red, cream and blue (wool grayish-smoky shade). In rare cases, gold and silver can occur.

    Siberian chinchilla

    photo: Chinchilla coloring

    This cat is distinguished only by two types and colors of stripes. The first lane is located at the very root of the hair and has a light shade. The second band is located at the tip and has a dark shade. In total there are two types of color: dark shaded and veiled, which is very rare.

    Siberian gold

    photo: Golden color

    The study of this color continues to this day. Felinologists fight minds to fully study the colors of Siberian cats and the origin of such a beautiful and exotic shade. The outer hair, like the coverslip, has a reddish (apricot) color. Terms of color proportionality for this species:

    • 50% of the outer and outer hairs are colored apricot in the golden tabby,
    • 65% for shaded gold for each hair,
    • approximately 87% for awn and outer hair of golden chinchilla color.

    The color of the eyes is highlighted in saturated green, green with a blue tint, bright yellow. But practice has shown that it is very difficult to develop and maintain a population of such a breed. It takes money and a lot of time.

    Tortoise and red (red) color

    photo: Tortoiseshell

    The gene Orange "O" of the sex chromosome "X" affects the formation of red color. The sex of the cat plays a direct role in coloring. Siberian cats can only be black or only red (red), but female cats can be two-colored: black and red. This color is called tortoise. There is a three-colored cat, with the addition of white.

    The offspring of cats with tortoiseshell color has a variety of colors. The color of the eyes is dark orange. Similar eye color in other breeds may indicate a pathology or a malfunction in DNA and is undesirable. Formation of color occurs throughout the maturing of the pet.

    Smoky color

    photo: Smoky color

    Cat Siberian breed with the color looks very nice. Sometimes they are confused thinking that these are British cats. The color is formed by recessive and silver color by mixing them. An important role in shaping is the color of the parents.

    Some varieties of colors:

    • black smoky
    • red smoky
    • blue smoky
    • tortoise smoky.

    Colors are well distinguishable when the cat is in motion. Then the bright undercoat begins to appear, which looks good in contrast to the basic color. A Siberian smoky cat may contain uneven coloring of the color, or an unfinished pattern on the sides. This is considered a serious disadvantage.

    Siberian bicolor

    photo: Color bicolor

    The Siberian cat leaves the character of the color mostly white. Allowable white standards, in combination with various stains and basic color, are unlimited. The ratio of white is different: small spots in the necklace area, white and another color (bicolor) can share exactly in half.

    Siberian women of this color have blue, yellow or green eyes. There are cases when a cat has eyes of different colors. If you have such a cat, send us her photo to the post office or to the group!

    The norms of the breed say that the color has a uniform structure, be bright and white, do not contain spots throughout the body. If a kitten eats spots, then do not worry. When he grows up and stronger, the spots disappear. If your pet's eyes are blue, this may indicate the presence of pathology, and, possibly, will lead to the deafness of the animal.

    Forest Cat

    Siberian forest cat looks massive. The weight of adults is up to 12 kilograms. It has a great advantage over other species. She has a long thick hair, has a compacted undercoat. The undercoat tends to thicken in the seasons when the cold comes. Wool does not pass water and has a different color.

    This breed is famous for its devotion, intelligence and independence. Not afraid to swim in the water, even can play it with toys. Its massiveness does not limit its movement. Easily climbs on high surfaces in the apartment. Every day this rare breed is becoming more and more popular among cat breeders.

    Shorthair cat

    photo: Smoky Shorthair

    Siberian Shorthair cat also refers to the type of long-haired individuals. This breed was born on the Siberian islands, with the participation of rocks of Britain and the European continent. Unlike the previous breed, its size does not exceed the average. On the color of the color can be tortoiseshell, chinchillas monophonic and smoky.

    It is distinguished by its slightly shortened paw length. The tail is not very long, the head is rounded, large in size, the massive, strong neck, middle ears, the forehead is extended slightly forward, and the nose, on the contrary, is sunk. The coat is short, has the same length.

    Calm, difficult to aggression. Parenting does not allow aggressively reacting or attacking an animal, in the struggle for an object, territory or food. Будучи самоуверенными, они без труда и боя завоют все то, что им пригляделось.

    Сибирская гладкошерстная кошка преданна только хозяину, легко найти общий язык, чистоплотная. Своенравная – не позволит вам диктовать свои условия. Требует надлежащего ухода. Также, как и длинношерстных эту кошку нужно расчесывать, чтобы убирать лишний пух. Даже, если питание правильное, то он все равно будет, только мало.

    Вислоухая кошка

    photo: Lop-eared Siberian

    The Siberian Fold Cat, like all characteristic cats, is devoted to its beloved owner. It is a great friend for all households. Playful, loves to ride the tum on the floor. Adults are poorly trainable and reeducated. Need to start from early childhood. Vindictive. In retaliation for your cries, you will spoil you in slippers or drop a vase with flowers. It is not recommended to shout at her.

    Very similar to the Scottish, but still it is ours, Russian! Lop-eared ears gently adhere to the head. Sometimes wool appears in clumps around paws. It has a water repellent wool structure. Big, round eyes of any color. Not allowed green.

    Character calm, loyal to everything and everyone, proud. It's harder with kids. She doesn’t like it when kids are bothering her; she can bite or snort. It is better to choose this breed in about five months. So you can accurately determine the true breed of the cat, and you will not be able to slip the Scottish.

    Blue cat

    photo: Blue color

    Siberian blue cat gained its popularity not only in Russia but also abroad. A long neck, an elongated body, a long conical tail determine its recognizability among other breeds. Paws are rounded, high.

    By the color of wool in this breed silver color with a soft blue tint. The coat is thick, uniform as well as the undercoat. Wool does not contain any patterns, buttons, and spots. The eyes are in the usual position and not sunk deep into the skull. In all other cases, it is, or an admixture in the pedigree, or vice.

    Blue Siberian cat got its color by crossing the silver and one of the non-dominant colors. The result was a uniform color throughout the coat, without pigments.

    Independent character gives this person a sense of self-worth and importance in this world. Siberian blue cat will never be imposed, will not allow her to stroke, when you want it. But when the cat is in a good mood, then please. At home, peaceful. Sometimes shows his hunting instincts.

    Russian Siberian cat has good health indicators. But the genes do not resist. A kitten, even at birth, can get a heart defect. What adversely affects his future life. But proper care and proper education will help to live a healthy life. But this is a rare case.

    When all is well, it is necessary to observe the vaccination sheet, regularly visit the veterinarian, undergo a parasitic program, clean the ears and, if possible, teeth. To do this, you can buy something at the pet store.

    If you live in the private sector, then do not be afraid to let this creature go outside. They are very well adapted to the Siberian frosts, because they were originally Siberians. Moreover, their walks are even shown for good and good health.

    It is believed that the cat breed is hypoallergenic. Therefore, your baby will not harm her. But you need to bathe her with special shampoo. The playground will be a cozy place to spend your pet. Do not forget to regularly change the tray so that the cat does not catch the infection.

    Be sure to have a separate place for meals. Under the bowl, preferably, lay the litter. Food in one bowl, water and milk in another. Plastic or metal bowls are up to you. Wash bowls regularly after they are drained.

    If your pet is not even three months old, it is best to feed it 5-6 times a day in small portions. After three months, begin to observe and give food by emptying the bowl or by asking. An adult cat can be fed a couple of times a day, for example, in the morning and before bedtime.

    But what to feed the Siberian cat you choose based on its characteristics of the body. The main thing is not to constantly feed the same food. Periodically, you can feed egg yolk, dairy products, sour cream, finely chopped raw chicken meat, fresh fish. Try giving some vegetables.

    Caring for a Siberian cat for the owners is not a problem. When the period of molting begins, the wool falls out so little that it cannot roll into a ball. An ordinary cat comb can quickly assemble it all. Furminator will be your perfect assistant.

    Furminator for wool

    So that the pet does not swallow its own wool and does not receive an intestinal infection, it is necessary to supplement the diet with oats and natural grass. Care and maintenance of this breed will favorably affect the atmosphere in the house. After all, bathing a cat is still fun! They don't really like water. Prefer to pour out on their own.

    But if you teach water from an early age, you will avoid the bloody consequences in the form of scratches and bites. Be sure to get a kogtetochku, if the claws are very sharp, then it is desirable to cut them. Now you know how to care for a Siberian cat. If you have any questions, ask them in the comments!

    Lifespan

    How many Siberian cats live in a house or apartment, in the conditions of our Siberian region and its climatic conditions? The breed pleases us with these indicators. They live longer than other breeds. Let this figure is not strongly rushed up, but still, nice.

    Recently, experts, according to statistics, found that the life expectancy of the feline world and its inhabitants has increased markedly thanks to modern veterinary medicine, modern medicines and healthy food.

    On average, a Siberian cat lives up to 15 years. How many years allotted to your pet is unknown. Everything is determined by external factors and care. Timely sterilization and castration will bring many happy years of life.

    Until what age Siberians grow up is difficult to say. There are various colors and breeds of Siberian cats. Some grow to a year, others for several years are formed completely.

    Nutrition plays an important role on longevity. Specialized food, according to experts, prolongs life, in contrast to cats, which eat where and what they eat. The longer the kitten will eat the mother's milk, the better for him. It has all the power and nutrients.

    Heredity and genes influence how long a kitty lives. From ancestors along the line are transmitted, and disease, and health, and many other factors affecting life. But there are individuals that live from 20 years and longer, but this is rare.

    How many Siberian cats live in the harsh living conditions of the apartment? They may be injured or poisoned. Contact a veterinarian in time for help if something happens to your pet. Do not tighten at all.

    What do the owners say?

    Catherine writes: “We have already turned 3 years old! Kind and gentle cat. Sleeps constantly in the legs. If something happens to me, it always comes up and begins to calm, for example, when I cry. Very smug and intelligent. Omnivorous, even gave "Rolton" and devoured him! Often sits in the sink and drinks tap water. ”

    Laura writes: “I wish you all such happiness in the form of a purl of wool. Name is Sonya. One problem - sheds heavily. Neat and calm. Always understands me, always near, does not yell at the moon and at night. We go to the tray, eat the usual food. With children quickly found a common language "

    Says Rishat: “Our kitten grew up with a second pet - a German Shepherd puppy. Since childhood, they have become loyal friends to this day. Called kitty Chip. Grew up a bully! Affected dog education. Scares friends, scratches and gnaws wooden furniture, but these are trifles. I found a common language with our baby, he even brings toys. ”

    Siberian cat and its colors

    Breed description does not exclude color. Siberian cats are beautiful, and all her colors are impressive. Chocolate and lilac color of wool, as well as fawn and cinnamon are not appreciated. Burmese color is also not recognized.

    Siberian cats can have a monochromatic color or with a pattern in the form of butterfly wings, spots on the sides or stripes like a tiger.

    Here is a real Siberian cat, if its color:

    • The black
    • Blue
    • Red or Red
    • Cream or clarified red

    If the cat has distinct spots of red or cream color, then this is a tortoise color, which may be black and red, white or blue and cream, depending on the prevailing base color.

    You should also separately divide the two most valuable color: gray with a pattern or smoky monophonic, as well as golden with a yellow or apricot undercoat and always with a pattern.

    Neva Masquerade or Siberian cat in color-point color belongs to the group of temperature-dependent colors. Contrasting points or markings on the face, paws, tail and ears are very well seen. The eyes of these cats are blue.

    There is also a white variation when there are white blotches in the base color.

    Siberian character

    The Siberian cat is a good-natured, sympathetic animal that will treat all family members favorably. A Siberian woman knows her worth - it reads in her eyes and in every movement. She is also very attached to one person from the family - always waiting for him at the threshold and running after him everywhere.

    The amazing qualities of this breed of cats is their dedication, tact and special flair.

    A Siberian, like a real psychologist, will not demand attention if the owner has a bad mood or, on the contrary, is satisfied with the game, if he feels that they want it.

    Cats of good Siberian breed are very inquisitive and active. They are not characterized by vindictiveness and touchiness, therefore the Siberian is quietly turned on by families with children, aware of their wide soul and peaceful nature.

    The Siberian cat is the leader by nature, so if there are other animals on the territory, then the Siberian is likely to be the main one. Even dogs are often in second positions if there are Siberian cats in the house.

    Being exceptional hunters, thanks to their wild relatives, Siberian cats will not miss the rodent running through. Therefore, let your pet have his personal Siberian mice, bought at the pet store or created from improvised means, which will help the pet in the development of muscles, and protect live hamsters and decorative mice.

    Cats of the Siberian breed love attention, communication and appreciate regular care from the owner, but the measure must be observed in everything: excessive love and caress will not be appreciated by your pet.

    Physical and intellectual abilities

    Nature has endowed the Siberian cat with stamina and well-developed muscles - it can survive in the most severe conditions. Jumping on a chandelier or bookshelf, endlessly chasing a paper bow or a yo-yo - it's all about her. Such games rarely bear any consequences, since In Siberian cats, accuracy and dexterity are laid, therefore in 99% of cases your vases will remain intact.

    Wild nature and Siberian roots require free movement and space, therefore, in addition to home games with a cat, it is necessary to make street walks 1-2 times a week.

    Interestingly, these cats do not fear water.

    They all love to look at the water and splash around in it.

    Siberian cats love to learn new things and do it with ease. Train your mind, setting new tasks for them: let them overcome barriers, jump over obstacles, get out of the maze. Use the reward system and have patience, because the results are not long in coming.

    The Siberian cat breeds, like the Siamese, are excellent guards who react to any rustle and desperately defend their territory.

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