The amazing name for dogs - Petersburg Orchid - very accurately describes the representatives of this breed. The variety of color and spectacular exotic appearance are consistent with the name of the breed. Fragile, graceful creatures with an aristocratic disposition fully meet the requirements for home decorative dogs.
History of creation
St. Petersburg is not for nothing that they call it the “Northern Pearl”. This city can not be loved. Here and dog breeder Nina Nasibova, the owner of the kennel "From Lake Dolgoe", in a rather peculiar way, confessed her love to her native city. In his honor, the new breed she bred was named - the Petersburg orchid.
Work on the breed began in 1997. The ultimate goal is to get a new variety of decorative dogs, namely Russian selection. Three years of hard work, hard selection of the initial pairs and offspring gave their results. By the 300th anniversary of St. Petersburg, a new breed of dog was bred - the St. Petersburg orchid.
The breed standard provides for a maximum animal weight of 4 kg, there is no lower limit. Height at withers is from 17 to 30 cm. The torso is somewhat stretched in format. Petersburg orchid is a strong dog with a well-developed bulk chest.
Long, dry, set neck with a slight bend. The head is graceful, medium size, raised high. The forehead-muzzle transition is clearly visible. Nose to match the color or black, small. Scissor bite. Eyes oval, medium-sized, dark.
Color can be any other than white. Allowed white spot on the chest, but no more. The coat itself is straight, fluffy, long, moderately thick with undercoat.
The tail, set below the line of the back, has a saber shape. According to the breed standard, the Petersburg orchid is shortly arrested.
The average litter is 3-4 puppies (from 2 to 7), weighing up to 180 grams. Life expectancy up to 15 years.
Nature of dogs
Representatives of this breed are very friendly, with a stable psyche. The dog is not aggressive and not shy. She gets along well with children, allowing them to do almost anything. There are no problems when communicating with other animals. A cheerful and cheerful Petersburg orchid dog copes with the role of a companion.
It will be quiet to sit in the hands of the owner while traveling or visiting. She is not tied to a specific owner, but equally loves all family members, their distant relatives and friends. The complete absence of aggression and distrust of strangers has its own minus - it can provoke the theft of a dog.
Features care and maintenance
- Wool. A huge plus is the lack of molting in animals. In addition, it is devoid of a specific smell, which allows it to keep people suffering from allergies. Daily combing, bathing once a couple of weeks. Several times a year, dogs are given a branded haircut. It has its own characteristics: on the case, the wool is cut along the pattern of American Cockers, the tail is cut off. On the front legs, the fur is removed up to the fifth toe, on the hind paws - up to one third of the hock. Ears, fringe, mustache, beard do not touch. In cold weather, it is better to protect the pet and purchase clothes for it. The choice is huge, you can pick up not only things for the street, but also homemade pajamas.
- Ears. Clean at least once every 10 days with a special lotion.
- Eyes. Require daily wipe. A lotion is applied to a cotton swab (it can be wetted with boiled water) and rubbed to the nose from the outer edge of the eye.
- Teeth. The weak point of all decorative rocks. It should immediately teach the animal to brush your teeth. A kit for this procedure can be purchased at a veterinary pharmacy. A systematic examination in the clinic will help to avoid periodontal disease and other problems associated with the oral cavity.
- Anal glands. To prevent inflammation, you need to clean them 3-4 times a year. After squeezing the contents of the glands, the anus is thoroughly washed with warm potassium permanganate.
Breed breed for the maintenance in apartments of megalopolises. Features of care allow you to get maximum pleasure from communicating with an animal at minimum cost.
An energetic "toy" will not let all households be bored. And no one will object if the little hooligan is located in the master's bed - soak up and get your portion of caress.
Orchid breed dogs Petersburg differ intelligence and ingenuity. Perfectly trained. They can be taught to cope with their natural needs in the usual cat tray. In nasty cold weather, this is especially true.
The main task of animals is to be a companion for a city dweller. It is exclusively domestic, "pillow" dog. Due to their natural acumen, representatives of the St. Petersburg orchid can successfully perform a dog show.
In the list of decorative dogs, a young St. Petersburg orchid breed has taken its rightful place. Photos with these creatures cause affection and desire to acquire a living miracle.
This breed is quite young, as it was bred in St. Petersburg only in 1997. The breeder Nina Nasibova used several representatives of miniature representatives: Chihuahua, Toy Poodle, Yorkshire Terriers, Russian colored lapdogs.
The work turned out to be painstaking, and far from immediately managed to achieve the desired result, but after three years Nina received small dogs with a bright appearance and excellent qualities.
The author herself timed the emergence of a new breed for the 300th anniversary of the northern capital. Kind, beautiful and loyal pets have become an original gift for the anniversary of the city. This explains the name "Petersburg", and "orchid" emphasizes how these four-legged friends are fragile and tender.
Wool and colors
Coat of Petersburg orchids is rather long, of moderate thickness, a slight wave is allowed. There is another species - “Neva Orchid”, these dogs have short hair. The color of the dogs can be any, but not white. There are both monophonic and multicolored individuals, some of them have a mask on their muzzle.
Dogs with a tiger, muruyu, black and black with tan points have a bright appearance. And the burns can be of various shades: gray, yellow, red, red, smoky, cognac. This contrast looks very impressive.
In addition, a dog may have a coat of any of the following shades:
- red - from light wheat to dark cognac,
- red - from cream rose to dark red with black,
- chocolate - from light cocoa to dark chocolate,
- blue or silver.
If we talk about the combination of two or more colors, the colors can be the most impressive. In addition, the author of the breed continues breeding work aimed at obtaining dogs with spotted hair - white-red or white and black.
The most popular are "orchids" color "mahogony" and bright red with black. This is due to the beauty of this "coat" and its effectiveness.
Representatives of the breed are very clever, quick-witted dogs that adore the owner, but they very sensitively react to the mood and will never be imposed. This is a tender, gentle pet that needs a warm attitude. When a sad, depressed mood, the owner is enough to look into these beady eyes filled with love for the blues to recede.
Orchids are friendly to everyone, and both to people, including strangers, and other animals. The dog will be happy to welcome guests, and on walks for it will not have to blush. He is completely devoid of aggression and has a natural burden to new acquaintances.
Pet happy 24 hours a day to be near the owner, but it is not in his rules to interfere and get underfoot. He is too aristocratic to fuss. But if the dog is in the spotlight, she will be immensely happy, feeling love and answering in triplicate.
Puppy breed "Petersburg orchid" is recommended to bring people who want to find a little friend with a huge, loving heart. The owner should have free time to caress the pet, the dog should not feel lonely and abandoned. But at the same time, “orchids” can periodically retire to be alone with each other.
Like most decorative breeds, Petersburg orchids need regular care, which does not require special knowledge and skills and consists of simple hygienic procedures:
- Cleaning the ears - they should be regularly inspected, and cleaned of dirt with a cotton pad soaked in a special lotion, at least once a week.
- Eye treatment - they are washed every day, using lotion or boiled water.
- Oral cavity care - dogs of this breed must brush their teeth 1 time in 5-7 days, regular veterinary examinations and periodic removal of tartar are also required.
- Care of the coat - a plus of the breed is the absence of natural molts, which facilitates home maintenance, but in this case the risks of formation of tangles are high. To avoid whipping wool, the pet should be bathed weekly and combed using a special comb. It is rarely necessary to treat pet fur with Pooderkoy. It is recommended to trim the dog once every 8-10 weeks. This can be done in the zoosalon or independently, after consulting with the breeder. For the neck used machine, which is shaved wool.
- Treatment of anal glands - this area is considered the most vulnerable for almost all representatives of small decorative rocks. If the gland's nutrition is disturbed, then inflammation occurs in it. In order to prevent this pathology, it is recommended to more closely monitor the feeding regimen, the pet's diet, and once every 3-4 months, clean the glands from the contents by pressing on them, and wipe them with a cotton swab soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
- Claws haircut - the procedure is carried out as needed.
It is advisable to begin to teach the puppy to care activities from an early age, then the older dog will bravely endure all the manipulations. If the owner does not want to do pet hygiene on his own, then you can always turn to professionals.
Such lap dogs are usually not trained, because they immediately acquire the status of family members. But still, orchids have animal instincts that need to be adjusted. To the dog knew the boundaries of what is permitted, it must be brought up. Ditty baby can become a real tyrant, if the family allows him to feel like a master.
From the first days you should show the baby what is allowed and what is strictly prohibited. It is important that the pet immediately became acquainted with the hierarchy of the new “pack”, that is, the family, and understand what place it is allotted. But a delicate orchid will not tolerate rudeness or neglect.
Where to buy a puppy
Those who want to acquire such a puppy may encounter a problem - the author of the breed still forms the base stock of Petersburg orchids, therefore, only animals that do not have pedigree value are taken out of St. Petersburg and the region - too large males or low-weight females unable to independently produce offspring. That is, to get a baby of this breed, you need to apply to the monobreed club created by Nina Nasibova.
As for the cost of puppies of this breed, it depends on various criteria: age, coat color, sex and other factors. The average price of males is 30,000 rubles, bitches - 50,000 rubles. Naturally, the breeding value of animals plays a significant role in price formation.
An exclusive representative of the breed can cost 100000-140000 rubles. Cheaper than the rest of the baby, having a slight drawback, for such a pet will have to pay approximately 15,000-20,000 rubles.
In their hometown, orchids are no longer a rarity, but dog lovers around the world are just discovering this new, original breed. But the breeders warn that it has not yet received international recognition, which means that St. Petersburg orchids cannot participate in some exhibition events or are allowed only without obtaining any titles. But the owners are so fascinated by their pets that they are not at all overshadowed by this state of affairs.
Each country is proud of its dog breeds, bred exactly on their territory. Naturally, the Petersburg orchid became an attraction of the Northern capital and added to the list of breeds that appeared due to the efforts of Russian breeders. These dogs are created to be close to the person, to delight him with his presence and to cause a smile even on the gloomy day.
From the history of the breed
In 1997, the famous St. Petersburg breeder Nina Nasibova conceived to replenish the collection of domestic breeds of dogs with a completely new decorative animals. Breed Petersburg orchid was developed for three years. As a result, dozens of animals were obtained, from which several individuals suitable for breeding were selected.
Several breeds of small decorative dogs were involved in the selection, but Nina Nasibova still does not disclose their list. According to the breeder, the St. Petersburg orchid is a breed of dog that got its name rather quickly. According to Nina, in the year of the 300th anniversary of St. Petersburg, the dog could not be named otherwise. These are unusually fragile and gentle creatures that can be compared to exquisite orchid. Pretty soon the name stuck. This is how the Petersburg orchid appeared, the photo of which you can see in our article.
In order for the new breed to become better and better with each generation, the strictest culling and selection of breeding animals, a serious analysis of the quality of the puppies obtained is necessary. A breed can only be considered valid if it does not even resemble any of the currently existing varieties in the world in terms of its colors, conditions of detention and care, parameters, and external features. She certainly must surpass similar breeds in all respects. And I must say that Nina Nasibova was able to create just such an animal.
The Petersburg orchid has already taken place as a new unique breed, bred in accordance with the law on breeding achievements. And this is recognized by many experts in the field of cynology.
The tiny tender miracle born on the banks of the Neva delights and surprises at the same time. I want to believe that the Petersburg orchid will take a leading position among the many decorative species of the world. But while the dog is still not very common even in our country.
Petersburg orchid is a compactly folded dog, dry and light, highly carrying its beautiful head on a refined graceful neck. Height at withers is from 17 to 30 cm, and the minimum limit is not limited. Weight - no more than three kilograms. An animal of a slightly stretched format should not be unnecessarily thin bone.
The muzzle is one third of the length of the head, slightly pointed to the nose. Paws are small, oval. Movement balanced, smooth, fairly confident.
Petersburg orchid has a rather hard wool. Dogs with whom they walk for a long time in winter can have a rather thick undercoat. Color can be any, with the exception of only white color. Ginger colors, as a rule, have different shades - wheat, cream, cognac. Tiger - from fiery to gray, black and tan with contrasting light cream or red color.
One of the advantages of this breed is the complete absence of a specific smell, as well as seasonal molting. The special charm of this baby gives a haircut. To keep your beauty always in great shape, you should cut your dog at least once a month and a half. Daily combing is not required. Enough little baby to bathe with a special shampoo with the action of "antikoltun", then treat with balm conditioner, and your pet will look decent for two weeks.
Unlike many ornamental species, the St. Petersburg orchid has a pleasant, kind and light character. She is very clever and smart, but not obsessive at all. Such a little girl can win the heart with one look of her intelligent beads.
This charming dog is always in the spotlight, it is impossible not to notice. She loves the whole world, and he reciprocates her. Infinitely charming and playful dog will be a great companion and loyal friend to all members of your family.
This animal has truly aristocratic manners. It never gets under your feet. Если вам необходим маленький друг, наделенный огромным любящим сердцем, то, бесспорно, эта порода вам подойдет.
Maintenance and care
Уход за этой собачкой не составляет большого труда и сводится к общим гигиеническим требованиям. Одним из достоинств этой собачки является ее способность справлять свои физиологические потребности дома, в специально отведенном месте. This is very important for elderly owners who can not always take their darling to the street.
Particular attention should be paid to the care of teeth, as they are a vulnerable point of all dogs of dwarf breeds. They are regularly cleaned with special paste for dogs.
The pledge of the health of this baby is a balanced and proper diet. When breeding this breed, one of the criteria was the possibility of feeding the animal ready-made dry food. Using it, you will not need to think about the balance of the diet, because the manufacturer has already taken care of this.
History of origin
In 1997, in St. Petersburg, Nina Nasibova had the idea of breeding a completely new breed of dogs. She wanted to create a variety of decorative dogs that would become popular even outside the country. I wanted the pets to have a small size, which would allow them to take with them on any trip or journey. Friendliness and playfulness were another distinctive feature.
To achieve this goal, representatives of the following breeds were used:
- Russian colored lap dog,
- Yorkshire terriers,
- toy poodles
The work was very difficult and was carried on for 3 years. Many attempts were made, among which the majority became unsuccessful, and only a few gave positive results. In the end, we chose several copies for subsequent breeding, during which the breed was tried to be improved.
The derivation was timed to the three-hundredth anniversary of St. Petersburg, hence the name "Petersburg".
To select a Petersburg orchid puppy, consider the following criteria:
- Before acquiring a pet, you need to know exactly the purpose for which you are buying it.
- It is worth knowing that only members of the Orchid Peterburgskaya club have the right to reproduce these dogs.
- By purchasing a puppy from representatives of the club, you will receive a contract and all the necessary documents for a pet.
- Be careful when choosing a puppy. The Moscow Orchid, Nevsky Fleur - these are purebred puppies, which are sold by fraudsters.
- Official sources have the names of people who have the right to sell such puppies.
- All pets in the femoral part have a stamp that starts with the letter "T".
However, the orchid differs from other breeds by a special haircut:
- The hair on the back and chest part should be removed using a typewriter.
- Mustache, beard and bangs do not need to cut off.
- Ears also can not be cut.
- The coat of the tail is cut all over.
- The tips of the coat are regularly trimmed.
- The paws and the gaps between the fingers are also free of excess hair.
- Cut the dog preferably 1 time in 2 months
Do not forget that the representatives of this elegant breed tend to get tired. Although the breed is very enduring, it also needs rest. Since childhood, a puppy should be taught to bathe, and after - to blow-dry. The dog should be bathed at least 1 time in a week and a half and in no case should one comb the contaminated wool.
If there is no possibility to wash the dog, then use special sprays, which should be evenly distributed over the wool and then wiped with a napkin.
While bathing the dog, a rubber mat is placed on the bottom of the bathroom in order to prevent the paws from slipping. So the orchid will feel comfortable. Wool is lather in the direction of its growth. You can not rub very much cosmetics - this leads to a mess of hairs. Wash them must be very carefully, leaving no shampoo residue. After bathing, the Petersburg orchid should be wrapped in a towel so that it absorbs moisture. Careful wiping does not require wool. Cosmetics use only according to the instructions.
As for feeding, the dog needs a full and balanced diet. It is suitable granulated food, which must be given at a certain time.
How to train and raise a dog
The breed of St. Petersburg orchid dogs is among the indoor, so they do not need training. But at the same time, we should not forget that the orchid is an animal that has natural instincts, so it’s worth a little to adjust them. If the dog is allowed a lot, it can cross over all facets and feel like a real owner. Therefore, education should be given special attention.
From the very first days try to give the puppy to understand what he can do and what is strictly prohibited. It is important that the animal knows the rules of the new family and the place that it has in it.
These dogs are very calm, intelligent and obedient. They should not raise the tone and apply physical force to them, because after that they can go into depression for quite a long time.
This dog breed has a lot of advantages:
- She has a long, beautiful coat that does not shed or smell.
- The dog is small in size, so it can be transported on anything from a bicycle to aircraft.
- She is very obedient and intelligent, loves children and is always devoted to her masters.
- Easily accustomed to the tray, and with a long absence of the owners will not bark and interfere with the neighbors, and will quietly wait in the apartment.
- Wool has many colorings for every taste except white.
- An orchid is not at all aggressive.
Of the drawbacks, you can select only one - the dog must be combed every day. In addition, a puppy of such a breed is quite expensive.
How much does a Petersburg orchid cost?
This breed is not cheap. The average cost of males 30 thousand rubles. Females can cost about 50 thousand. The cost is affected by age, color, gender. Exclusive puppies are estimated at 100 - 150 thousand rubles, but you can buy a child with a small disadvantage of thousands for 10 - 15.
Petersburg Orchid is a small mobile dog of stretched format with lean muscles and a skeleton of medium strength. Gender is well expressed. Not only visible, but also behavior. The growth of dogs should not exceed 30 cm, and the weight - 2.5-4 kg. The bitches should not weigh less than 1.5 kg, because in this case they rarely give birth on their own.
The head of the orchid is dry, light, medium in size, the lines are rectangular. The muzzle is shorter than the head and is 1/3 of the length. Not narrow, slightly pointed. The lines of the muzzle and forehead are parallel. Stop is not sharp, but well expressed. Nose is small, black or in color. The eyes are oval in shape, small, set straight and wide. Ears of medium size, hanging on cartilage, set on high, rather large. The teeth are small, the bite is correct.
Neck set high, slightly curved, long and dry. The body extension index is 106-108. The back is straight, wide. The withers are well defined, as is the bulging, muscular loin. The tilt angle of the croup is 15-30 °. The tail is set below the back line, can be stopped, then 2-3 vertebrae are left. In the natural state of saber or kept ring. Chest deep, wide. The belly is well tucked up. Limbs parallel dryish.
The coat is rather long, moderately thick, slight waviness is allowed. Colors: brindle (from gray to bright red), red in various shades, fawn. White spots on paws, muzzle, chest are allowed. To date, there are no two orchids with exactly the same color. Small orchids are long-haired and short-haired. The second variety is called Neva Orchid.
Petersburg orchid has a cheerful, cheerful nature, these dogs are cute, playful and loving. They are very active on the street, at home they are usually more balanced and calm. As a rule, get along well with other pets. There is absolutely no aggression or cowardice in the character of the Petersburg Orchid. Even to strangers doggies often show interest and friendliness. Many are very vigilant, catch the slightest rustle outside the door and inform the owner about it with a ringing voice. They are very good at children, they love to play with them, only from the “care” of very young children it is better to protect the fragile orchid.
Breeders have developed a specific hairstyle that emphasizes the dignity of the breed and allows you to create a characteristic original appearance. The hair on the neck and on the body is removed as if cutting the American Cocker. Along the back and chest to the level of the shoulder joint is cut off. On the head remains bangs, beard and mustache. The long coat covers the ears. On the front limbs, it is removed to the metacarpal joints, and on the hind legs on 1/5 of the hock, then it is neatly equal. Carefully cut the hair between the fingers and pads. Fully trimmed tail.
Clothes for orchids
In order to prevent hypothermia of his beloved pet, it must be protected from rain, wind, snow and cold by picking up clothes according to the weather. And without that cute dogs in clothes look even more lovely and attractive. Choose clothes should be in size. It should not hinder the movement of the dog or be too spacious. You can focus on clothes for other miniature breeds. In addition to street outfits, pet stores offer a wide selection of clothes for home and parties.
The best option for the St. Petersburg orchid would be the selection of high-quality dry food from the series for miniature breeds. The amount of feed is calculated by the weight of the dog. It is not necessary to supplement it with natural products, but as a treat, the dog can be given galetny cookies, hard cheese and boiled lean meat. Petersburg orchid can also pick up wet food, only to mix the two types is not recommended.
Health and life expectancy
It is still too early to talk about some characteristic breed diseases. Petersburg orchid has just begun its development. In general, dogs are strong enough, but have some problems. Like other miniature breeds, they have problems with their teeth. At a young age, dogs are prone to fractures. In adults, stronger bone tissue and paws, they break less often. Dogs are sensitive to temperature changes. In the cold season they may catch cold and get sick. Some dogs have sensitive digestion. The average life expectancy is 13-14 years.
To keep the breed characteristics and avoid degeneration, you can only follow a strict culling and careful selection of couples, as well as a strict analysis of the offspring. Non-specialists in this field who do not know all the subtleties of selection work should not engage in independent activities. And if they breed dogs, then only under the guidance of experienced breeders. Any mating of Petersburg orchids are registered in the club, couples are selected there, based on the characteristics of each individual dog.
Choosing a puppy and the price of a dog breed Petersburg Orchid
The choice of a family member for the next 15 years does not tolerate haste. First you need to decide for what purpose the dog is purchased, whether it will be a companion only on the couch or whether it is planned to participate in exhibitions and breeding. If the family has small children it is not recommended to take very small dogs. They often become victims of childish inaccuracy.
Future owners should understand that the breed bred by Nirova is called the Petersburg Orchid variety - Neva Orchid. That is what is written in the patent, which the author of the breed received. But there are also dogs in the market called Nevsky Fleur (Fleur). At the moment in appearance between dogs is almost the difference. Some scammers plant orchids, following their own rules, without the permission of the author, and then, taking advantage of the ignorance of the buyers, sell outbred dogs under beautiful names, for example, the Moscow orchid.
When buying a puppy in a kennel, the owner of a small Petersburg orchid receives a whole package of documents, which includes a puppy card with a logo, the club's seal and the signature of the breed author, a sales contract, a veterinary passport with vaccination marks. All dogs on the inside of the thigh have a stigma that starts with the letter T.
On the official website of the club breed of St. Petersburg and Nevsky Orchid you can find a list of breeders and nurseries who have the rights to breed and sell puppies.
Dogs stand differently. The price of an orchid puppy “for the soul” is on average 25,000 rubles. Dogs for breeding and show career cost from 30 000 rubles. There is no clear limit in the price range, but usually the amount does not exceed 60,000 rubles.