Cultivation of meat breeds of hens considered quite profitable and low-cost businesswhich is resorted to both by farmers in small subsidiary farms and owners of large poultry farms. Most of the meat crosses most popular for breeding, suitable for slaughter mass gain in the first two or four months of age, which is why the cost of food is not very long. In addition, broilers are more enduring, the level of resistance to disease is higher than that of other chicken species. However, it often happens that broilers start falling to their feet. Why is this happening and what to do in such situations?
Why broiler chickens and chickens fall on their feet, possible causes
More often chickens fall to their feet solely through the fault of the owner, and only in rare cases can the disease be caused. The most common factors of this phenomenon are associated with violations committed in the process of keeping birds. Chicken maintenance is not only profitable, but also requires a responsible approach from the very beginning, from the moment of purchase of chicks. Basic mistakes that breeders make when breeding young animals:
- Unsuitable conditions of detention. When finding an increased number of heads in a room with a limited area, very often the chicks begin to fall on their feet. Of course, chickens are kept in cages, but nobody canceled the density of planting, and the recommended density of the number of heads per square meter from birth to one month should not exceed 30. At an older age, chicks are placed at the rate of no more than 10 heads per square meter .
- Vitamin deficiency or lack of minerals. If the rules of feeding are not followed and the feedstock of the hen is insufficiently balanced, the nutrients needed by the growing organism will be less. As a result, the paws disperse and are taken away.
- Rickets. Rickets develops due to a lack of vitamin D. Simply put, chicks simply do not have enough sunlight to synthesize this vitamin.
- Diseases. Many diseases to which chickens can be exposed, one of the main symptoms are the fall of a bird to its feet. In this case, only a qualified veterinarian can determine the cause.
In the event that, from a medical point of view, the reasons for such a condition are not found, you can help the bird yourself.
Self-solutions to the problem, what to do and how to treat
In order to find a way out, you should analyze the situation. For example, if it is clear that the degree of planting density is more than permissible, then most likely the reason lies precisely in this. If a in order to save the chicks were given cheap feed without vitamin supplements, the behavior of the bird can be attributed to the lack of nutrients in the body. Finally if livestock kept in a dark room without access to the sunperhaps the cause is rickets. Measures that can be taken in such cases:
- Add crushed shells to feed, shell from under the eggs, chalk, thus enriching the diet with calcium.
- Add greens to food. Herbs have a high content of vitamins required by broilers for active growth and maintenance of immunity. Chicks begin to give finely chopped greens already three days after birth. Initially the amount of greens should not exceed one tenth of the total feed intakeGradually, the amount of grass is reduced to ½. Great for chicks finely chopped nettle.
- Desirable to transfer birds to animal feed. Specialized combined feeds are optimal in their composition and perfectly digested by the bird.
Youngsters get on their feet, paws disperse: disease prevention
The condition when the young broilers can not hold on to their own paws, it is easier to prevent than to look for causes and take urgent measures. For the normal development of chicks, a number of factors are important:
- Compliance population density.
- Compliance temperature conditions.
- Security fresh water and balanced nutrition.
- Compliance clean house.
- Security ventilation and lighting in the house.
It is very important that the coop was not only moderately clean, but the necessary amount of light was present, there was no mold, the room was well ventilated. This should avoid drafts. Newly hatched kids at first need additional heating in the region of 27-32 degrees. Because of the low temperature, the chicks sit on their feet and die.
Feeding young stock is desirable to carry out the feed from the first days. This will avoid the problems associated with vitamin deficiency and as a result, the fall of the bird on its feet. If it is impossible to feed broilers with ready-made combined feeds, it is necessary to independently enrich the diet with vitamins and minerals. For this already daily chicks fish oil is added to the mash, on the third day, chopped greens are mixed in, on the fifth day of life add to the diet of vegetables, then feed enriched with calcium using chalk, bone meal and small shells.
Emergency assistance to chicks aged 10-15 days
Experienced farmers say that vodka helps to get babies younger than a month on their feet. The method is common for a long time, widely used by people from time immemorial. If the chick fell on its paws and does not want to get up, it simply buried in the beak a few drops of vodka, after which the baby soon rises, his appetite wakes up. The method is controversial, causing a number of questions, but, according to those who used this technique, is very effective.
Chickens drip vodka into the beak
Treatment of monthly broilers
At the age of one month, the condition of broiler chickens, when they cannot keep their feet, is most often caused by rickets, unless there is a serious infectious disease behind it. Treat young animals with the addition of tricalcium phosphate in food, as well as fish oil or synthetic vitamin D3. In the absence of serious reasons that caused the inability of the birds to stay on their own paws, tricalcium phosphate, due to the content of phosphorus and calcium, in a short time has a beneficial effect on the organism of birds. Tricalcium phosphate is added at a dosage of 2% of the total weight of the daily feed.
Treatment of adults
Older birds often cause arthritis of the joints to prevent chickens from holding on to their paws. For treatment, ampicillin is used at the rate of 15-20mg / 1 kg of body weight.. You can add the drug in food or water for 5 days. The treatment is carried out only if it is reliably known that the condition of the broilers is due precisely to arthritis. An accurate diagnosis, establish the causes and recommend treatment can only be a veterinarian.
Arthritis joints in broilers
Preventive measures so that chicks do not die
The main factor in avoiding chick subsidence on the paws is competent approach to growing broilers with all the details. Proper care, good nutrition, compliance with the norms of housing and timely preventive measures can prevent mortality, ensuring a high profitability of domestic poultry breeding.
Why do broilers fall to their feet?
Despite the fact that chickens in general do not get sick so often, these birds have a common symptom that is inherent in many diseases. Broilers fall to their feet, become lethargic, movements are inhibited, appetite decreases. Nothing worth losing all livestock, if you delay. To determine if a chicken has fallen or just sat down to rest, it is very simple - on a flat surface a healthy bird prefers to stand, it simply has no reason to fall. The hens are perched on the nest, the chickens are perched on their fingers, and can actively wallow in the dust or in the ashes. If the chicken can not stand on his feet, limbs ridiculous disperse, then this is an alarming symptom.
The main reasons: vitamin deficiency, infectious diseases, the consequences of improper content, serious violations of the diet. It does not necessarily have one reason, they often appear in the complex, because of this, it is more difficult to fix the problems and literally put the bird on its feet. Understand the relationship of these reasons.
Lack of important vitamins
If the reason is still a lack of vitamins, then in the first place in the frequency of detection is ordinary rickets. A lack of vitamin D leads to a weakening of the bones and cartilage, the chicken is really unable to stay on its feet. In this case, a young chicken can still fight with the disease simply because of small age, but as the weight gains, weak legs can no longer cope. This is treated with vitamin supplements - most often added fish oil. Sunbathing is also extremely useful if the owner of the house can afford to equip the paddock for their feathered wards.
With absolute certainty that everything is in order with vitamin D, there can still be a lack of vitamins A and E. If these elements are included in the diet, but still broilers fall on their feet, what should be done in this case? It is worth remembering that these are fat soluble vitamins. It is advisable to give them in a complex, with fish oil. Including grated carrots, beets and greens in the diet of young broilers, it is worth pouring fish oil into these vegetables to help the vitamins to dissolve in fat - so they will fully assimilate.
Infectious diseases of broiler chickens
Despite the fact that chickens in general are distinguished by quite good health, this does not concern broilers - they are stronger than layers, are susceptible to all sorts of infectious diseases. Salmonella is dangerous for them, in rare cases, chickens can be just carriers, more often they get sick and die. Avian influenza is no less dangerous - they can even get chicken from past a passing foreign bird, if infected litter gets into the place of walking. As a result, broilers fall to their feet and can literally die within five to six hours.
If the livestock is small, then you can take a chance and try to drink the birds with alcohol, but by and large this method refers to “treatment at random,” no one guarantees that the bird will recover. If there is even the slightest suspicion that there is an infection in the chicken coop, it is necessary to immediately isolate all suspicious individuals, disinfect and call the veterinarian, this will save livestock.
Incorrect content: paw paw, rheumatism, cramped
Mesh or concrete floors make it easy to keep the house clean, but for broilers it is not useful. Of course, serious rheumatism just does not have time to develop, because the bird is grown only 2.5 months, but if the problem is aggravated by rickets or infection, serious violations are not excluded.
Rheumatoid brokers fall to their feet - what to do in this case? In most cases, the symptoms of this disease appear closer to the end of the second month of life, it is not economically feasible to treat a bird. If the vet confirms the absence of infection, then the broiler is best scored. Let it be a small carcass, but quite usable in food.
Cramping is usually declared a mandatory parameter for growing fatty meaty carcasses. However, everything is good in moderation - the first month it is desirable to provide chickens walking in the open air, in not very large farms this can be arranged without any particular difficulties. In the first month of life, broilers are actively building up a strong skeleton, they need to move, take a sun bath. A little attention to the simplest needs of the chicken, and the problem related to the fact that broilers fall to their feet, what to treat and what to do simply will not arise - a strong basis will be laid for further accelerated fattening.
Correct and timely diagnosis
At the heart of the meat poultry industry lies the speed and profitability - you need to grow an industrially fit carcass for a limited time, while not spending excessive feed content. So, the diseases of broiler chickens should be diagnosed in due time especially for making a decision: to heal or score early. It only makes sense to treat a broiler chicken in the first month and a half of life, after which it approaches the threshold of transfer to a meat product.
If you adjust the diet in advance, enrich the food with vitamins, exclude the development of rickets, beriberi, place the bird in the correct conditions and ensure that the chicks will walk in the first half of their lives, this will allow to exclude in advance a whole range of reasons for broilers to fall on their feet. The reason in this case is very likely to be in the infection. It remains only to call the veterinarian and determine the most economically verified actions.
Compliance with all conditions for growing broilers has a main goal: to minimize the cost per kilogram of meat. This policy simply has no other goals. Therefore, the enrichment of the diet with vitamins and compliance with the norms of content are not due to humanism, and economic feasibility. Follow the rules of maintenance of broilers, and the output will get a good profit.
Causes and measures
Any meat breeds of chickens suggest a rapid growth of the skeleton and the muscles on it. To achieve this, the birds are kept dense flock on a small footage. If you even deviate a little from this technology, complications with the bronchi, lungs and skeleton cannot be avoided.
What can prevent the proper development of musculoskeletal tissue?
- unbalanced feed, lack of vitamins A, E, D,
- calcium deficiency
- improper thermoregulation in the house,
- large space for rampant chickens in the house and on the promenade,
- inadequate hygiene measures.
When broilers fall to their feet due to improper care, it can still be fixed.
1. Give the birds a balanced diet. Broilers will receive vitamin D if fish oil or special supplements are included in the feed. Adequate walks in the fresh air also contribute to the accumulation of this element. Vitamin A is dangerous both by its deficiency and excess. In both cases, the broiler will fall to its feet. If three-day-old chicks begin to give green grass, this can be avoided. At first it is shredded, then, when broilers grow up, grass is put in brooms and hung in the house, which also serves as entertainment for birds.
2. Ensure that the bird receives enough calcium. This is the main building assistant for bones. It is found mainly in the eggshell, shell, chalk. If you give a chick to a chick, it must be extinguished, stood for a long time in the bucket until it is completely dry. If the lime is quickened, the birdworms will burst from the stone.
3. Watch the temperature. Daily chickens need 30-34 degrees, and at the age of one month they will suffer 15. Also, if the chickens feel comfortable, you will understand by their behavior. If the bird is agitated, then something is wrong. When chicks are cold, they crowd each other or tend to climb higher. And in the heat the chicken is laid on the floor, spreading its wings. Humidity in the house should be 75%.
4. Replace the litter in time. It should be dry, about 10 cm thick. The top layer needs to be replaced twice a week, not more often. Because chickens chuck a lot of valuable additives out of the bedding.
5. Do not allow drafts, but ventilate the room in a timely manner. Take care of moderate lighting.
6. Observe the density standard: 10 adult birds per square. meter.
If it's about infection
Marek's disease is considered to be the most dangerous condition for a broiler when it does not stand on its feet. The infection of the chicken is infected in the first day, and it only manifests itself after a month and a half. The movements of the chicken are uncoordinated, which is why he falls. Marek's disease affects the nervous system of a bird. Even in the litter, the virus lives up to 16 weeks, and its strain is constantly changing - therefore it is sometimes impossible to pick up a vaccine. However, the meat of such a chicken is still edible.
If there are suspicions that the broiler has become infected, it should be vaccinated with antibiotics, like all livestock. Chickens are treated with the following drugs:
Only a specialist can make an exact diagnosis for your broiler. He also prescribes a course of treatment. Farmers advised to put on the meat of the chicken that fell to his feet at the age of 2 months. Since during treatment, his body weight does not increase, and the taste of meat will deteriorate.
If the owner noticed the problem, but did not take any measures, there will be big complications in the flock.
If a chicken has rickets due to a lack of vitamins, its bones will weaken, and the beak will become soft even to the touch. Broiler will lag behind in development. The disease usually begins at two weeks of age and lasts up to 2 months.
Another problem threatening a complication is poor cartilage formation. This usually happens with males aged 1-2 months.. Along the way, the condition is complicated by a bacterial infection. Недуга не избежать, если цыплёнок постоянно получает избыток кальция и фосфора, а также ест корм, покрытый плесенью. Самец, к тому же, не должен до 4 месяцев слишком быстро набирать массу тела, иначе скелет не успеет корректно сложиться.
Arthritis, synovitis and inflammatory processes in the tendons relate to broilers at any age. Look carefully at the bird joints, if they turn red, most likely the broiler is already sick. It may have a high fever and swelling inside the joint.
If the bone system starts to develop incorrectly, it threatens the bird with perosis - a violation of tendon development, when the leg turns in the wrong direction. The disease is usually triggered by a decrease in tubular ossicles in the legs, which arises due to the lack of beneficial elements: nicotinic and folic acids, pyridoxine, biotin, manganese, choline.
Pododermatitis - plantar inflammation, threatening ugly growths with pus on the surface. If you do not take action quickly, inflammation will spread to the tissues that are located above. Provide such a disease bad litter, an excess of sodium in the diet and lack of vitamin B.
Help the bird
Any attempts to self-heal your chicken will most likely lead to even greater complications and the death of the pet. In some cases, the bird does not even need medicines, it is enough to correct the care and nutrition.
- In the diet of broilers injected egg shell powder, vitamin supplements, green herbs. You can feed a special granulated animal feed to the table that contains the correct nutrient balance.
- You can add to the feed tricalcium phosphate, but not more than 2% of the whole mass of the entire meal.
- Rickets is cured by adding to the birds menu shellfish, vitamins of group Das well as bone meal and hydrated lime.
- Bone diseases are adjusted by supplements. calcium and phosphorus, copper sulfate, chlorides. And all the salt in the feed is replaced with food.
- Many farmers praise the popular way of raising chickens on their legs. A few drops of vodka are poured into the chick's beak. But there are many opponents of such a way to treat a bird.
Any pathology is easier to foresee than to treat later. Initially, monitor the conditions of the chicks and their diet. Often, farmers overfeed their chicks, and this is the only reason why a broiler under its weight falls on not yet developed limbs. It is best to start feeding chicks with starter feed, observing hygienic and temperature standards in the house.
Features content of meat breeds of chickens
Initially breeds and hybrids of meat birds are designed for intensive growth of the skeleton and muscles attached to it. Rapid weight gain is accompanied by a restriction in movement due to the density of birds per square meter or in cages. Any deviation from the content technology threatens with complications in the bronchopulmonary or skeletal sector.
The correct diagnosis of the disease can only be made by a veterinarian. It is impossible to give the bird any medication and vaccination without an appointment.
The following factors affect the development of musculoskeletal tissue:
- balanced nutrition for vitamins D, E, A,
- sufficient calcium content
- observance of climate in the place of keeping of birds,
- the number of individuals per square meter, depending on age,
- hygienic requirements for the maintenance of livestock.
If broilers fall to their feet due to inappropriate care, the situation can be corrected.
How to achieve a balanced diet for vitamins? Vitamin D is formed when you include in the diet of fish oil and daily walks in the fresh air. Ultraviolet rays contribute to the formation of a vitamin for preventing rickets. With an excess of vitamin A, broilers also fall on their feet, as well as with a deficiency. The best way to reduce vitamin hunger will be feeding the chickens with green grass from the third day. First, they cut a chop out of it, then you can knit brooms and hang them. In this form, pecking healthy food becomes entertainment.
With the rapid growth of bones, the reason why broilers fall to their feet can be a lack of calcium. This is the main building material for the skeleton. You can get it from the shell of eggs, shells and chalk. Many poultry farmers give chickens pieces of hydrated lime. This means that the whitewash has already been bred, stood for a long time and dried in a bucket. A dry limestone stone will rip the goiter chicks.
The temperature of the content should be comfortable. Proklyovysham need 30 - 34 degrees, and by the month enough 15. Sign that the chickens are comfortable, calm behavior will be. If the kids get together and climb up, it's cold. In the heat, the chick spreads out on a pallet, spreading its wings. Humidity should be 75%.
When the content on the floor litter should be dry, about 10 cm thick. Change the top layer 2 times a week, more often it is impossible. Chickens find useful supplements in the litter even in guano.
Drafts are not allowed, and airing is useful. At first, 18 chickens are kept in the room, gradually expanding the corral. Ten adult birds per square - normal. Lighting should be moderate.
What if broilers fall to their feet? Check whether the above conditions of detention are met. Make adjustments.
How to raise broilers to their feet
It is easiest to fix the conditions of detention, and to fill the body with the necessary ingredients is more difficult. If the veterinarian determines that there is no infectious disease, it is necessary to adjust the diet. If broilers sit on their feet, what to do to quickly raise them? It is necessary to include in the diet starter feed for broilers. It should be given from the first days of life within 3 weeks. A balanced composition, incoming vitamins and minerals will help meet the body's need.
Carefully consider the amount of food eaten. One of the reasons why broilers fall to their feet is overweight.
Weekly weighing chickens will show how they add. Normally, when the monthly chicken gained 500-700 grams, and two months about 2 kg, it is no longer necessary. When kept in cramped conditions, broilers fall to their feet due to immobilization, and treatment consists of transplanting birds into a spacious cage.
From green fodder it is most useful to use nettle leaves. This supplement is a remedy for chickens, as it contains many essential trace elements. In addition, spurge, clover, alfalfa, plantain, dandelion are useful.
Some amateurs, if broilers sit on their feet, choose vodka from ways than to treat, for some reason it helps. One pipette poured down the throat and the chicken runs.
Broiler infectious diseases
The most dangerous infectious incurable disease, when broilers fall to their feet, consider Marek's disease. The infection enters the body in the first day, and makes itself known in the second month. The chick falls to its feet due to lack of coordination of movements. The disease captures the nervous system. The virus remains in the litter for 16 weeks. Meat can be consumed. The virus strain is modified and it is difficult to find a vaccine.
In case of suspicion of infectious diseases, the whole population of broilers is vaccinated with antibiotics:
Poultry farmers advise that if a broiler fell to its feet at the age of two months, it should be used for meat. During treatment, he will not gain weight, and the taste of meat will deteriorate.
The main conditions of the broiler
Breeding of meat birds is based on the structure of the broiler. The skeleton frame of a broiler chicken overgrows muscle mass somewhat faster than other breeds of chickens. Breeders keep broilers in cramped spaces, restricting the freedom of movement of the chickens. Broilers are a rather capricious bird, therefore proper nutrition is important for the prevention of foot-related diseases. For proper and complete breeding of broilers, you must:
- provide the bird with balanced nutrition, with the obligatory content of vitamins A, E, D,
- provide sufficient calcium in the chicken’s body,
- choose the right climate for broilers,
- correctly calculate the number of birds per square meter,
- comply with all hygienic rules for the maintenance and breeding of broilers,
Why chicks fall to their feet: causes
In fact, neither farmers nor even veterinarians know the exact reasons why broilers fall to their feet. In most cases, monthly chickens fall on their feet, and the responsibility for this lies with the breeder. The breeder is required to respond quickly to the poor health of the chicks.
The first reason is considered improper placement of the broiler, that is, overcrowding (too many broilers live on one square meter) and cramped rooms. Broiler joints are weak, they need to walk a lot, with a seated lifestyle, the broiler falls to its feet. Treatment in this case is not necessary; it is enough to simply expand the area of chick maintenance.
Second reason It is considered insufficiently fortified food. A sufficient amount of vitamins and calcium contributes to the rapid growth of the chicken. If the answer to the question "why broilers fall to their feet" is found, and the reason is in vitamin deficiency, then the breeder needs to take action as soon as possible. The first step to cure a sick chicken is the addition of all the missing vitamins and, above all, calcium.
Third reason the fact that the broiler sits on his feet, it is considered to be rickets. Rickets is caused by a lack of vitamin D, the young brood of chickens sits on their feet and refuses food. Rickets is also able to develop due to malnutrition. If an adult is able to eat not always high-quality food, young chickens are more vulnerable to intestinal diseases. After the first symptoms are detected, it is urgent to take action.
Fourth cause of disease it is considered an outbreak of the epidemic. Diseases affecting other breeds of chickens are no less dangerous for broilers. Outbreaks of epidemics kill both adults and young. If symptoms of a disease have been identified, if at least one chicken is sick, the infected must be urgently isolated from a healthy brood.
Prevention and diagnosis of diseases
The most difficult in diagnosing - rightto diagnose. Many diseases affecting birds are often similar to each other: the bird falls ill and sits on its feet. If the cause of the case is a lack of calcium, then the diagnosis by external examination is extremely difficult. The veterinarian will have to rely on his own experience and decide how to treat a sick bird.
Inaction is considered dangerous, as well as improper treatment. Sometimes an experienced veterinarian is confused what to say about a breeder who does not have a special education. In no case can not self-medicate, be sure to call a specialist.
As a preventive veterinarians recommend organizing the life of broiler chickens right from the start. The primary task is to provide the bird with spacious and clean cages, first-class food, the availability of essential vitamin supplements. Do not forget that the dirt and litter should be promptly cleaned. Why? Because a dirty room is the most favorable environment for the reproduction of pathogenic bacteria, clean broilers are practically in no danger.
Before you begin treatment, you must first establish the correct cause. Having identified the cause, the breeder is able to eliminate all harmful factors affecting the health of the entire brood.
. First thing To call the vet, he will help the breeder properly and in the shortest possible time to cure the chicks. For example, if a bird fell due to improperly arranged food, the breeder, on the advice of a veterinarian, changes the composition of the “wrong” feed to a more suitable one.
Most often, breeders manage to cope with the problem without medication and chemical additives. Veterinarians advise breeders in the fall of broiler chickens on their feet to focus on:
- "green" additive in feed (grass, green onions),
- correct diet
- natural calcium supplements (chalk, eggshell),
- some folk remedies
Veterinarians and breeders with extensive experience are advised to focus on more natural calcium-containing products. Regular white chalk, powdered or shelled, finely ground, is considered an excellent means by which broilers get the necessary dose of calcium. Be sure to remember that the bird will not be able to swallow large particles of the additive;
It is the lack of calcium in the body of chickens or adult broilers most often leads to the fact that the bird falls to its feet
As for the "green" supplementthen experienced breeders note that chopped greens have a very positive effect on the health of the bird. Most often, green onions and chopped nettle stalks are used as a green supplement. These two plants contain a lot of vitamins. They can be added to feed for both chicks and adult birds. Why do many breeders make a mistake by refusing to feed? Compound feed contains balanced components that not only accelerate the growth of brood, but also help to avoid seasonal outbreaks of epidemics.
It must be remembered that an oversupply of vitamins adversely affects the body of the bird, as well as the lack of useful minerals.
Vets believe that tricalcium phosphate - the richest food supplement rich in vitamins and minerals. The daily rate of this supplement for 1 individual is only 1% of the daily share of the total feed.
At the first symptoms of a bird's disease, if at least one individual has fallen on its feet, it is necessary to call a specialist as soon as possible, in no case