Chipping dogs is not mandatory, but it is impossible to take a pet abroad to a number of countries without it. The reason for the export of a pet abroad can be an international exhibition, mating, selling a pet.
Owners of exhibition dogs resort to e-tagging, even if they plan to participate only in exhibitions held in Russia. The tagged animal is easier to identify if it is suddenly lost at the exhibition or if it is replaced. By the way, the microchip will protect against the replacement of a puppy, which was left at the breeder until he reaches a certain age.
This procedure is carried out in case the animal is lost, assuming that it will be possible to find a pet with the microchip. In some cases it really helps to find the owner of the animal, but the difficulty lies in the fact that not every person who has found the animal will guess that there is a microchip. To find it you need to take the animal to a veterinary clinic, where they will help you find the owner of the dog in the database. Therefore, in addition, you still need to attach an adress to the collar of the animal, with the attached information about the owner.
Chipping dogs does not allow to find an animal by GPS. For this there are special devices that are attached to the collar.
The presence of a microchip simplifies the accounting system for animals in veterinary clinics, canine structures.
What does a microchip look like
The size of the microchip is comparable to the size of rice grain - only 2x12 mm. It consists of an inductance coil containing 15 digits of a unique code. The coil is enclosed in a capsule made of bio-glass and does not cause rejection by the body. The chip is programmed only once.
Microchips differ in terms of memory size, frequency, and housing material. Therefore, deciding on the procedure, it is important to find out whether the microchip complies with the ISO international standard (11784/11785), otherwise upon arrival in a country where it is mandatory, the microchip simply cannot be counted. If the electromagnetic frequency does not comply with the international standard, the pet owner must provide a personal reader.
By the way, some microchips can be read by mobile devices that support NFC (Near Field Communication) technology.
How is chipping dogs?
Immediately it should be noted that the procedure is painless and quick; it takes only a couple of minutes. Held in a veterinary clinic, but it is possible to call a specialist at home.
The procedure begins with the fact that the veterinarian conducts a clinical examination of the animal, checks the veterinary passport for the presence of vaccinations. Then, using a disposable syringe, implants a microchip already loaded into the syringe under the dog's skin in the area of the withers.
Then, with the help of a scanner, data from the implanted microchip is read and transferred to the computer. By the way, using a scanner, you can detect a microchip at a distance of 45 cm. From a computer, data that includes information about the owner of the dog, his nickname, gender, date of birth, animal vaccinations, as well as a fifteen-digit code and information about the institution where electronic tagging was conducted, entered into the database of chipped animals. In Russia there is no single database, but the most common are Animal-id and AnimalFace. In the future, you can make changes to the database, as well as transfer data from one database to another.
The veterinarian makes notes about chipping in the veterinary passport and fills in the registration certificate (identification card), which is transferred to the owner of the dog.
After the procedure, you need to ensure that the animal does not scratch the implantation site for 2-3 days, and refrain from washing the animal. Slight movements of the microchip under the skin are allowed until it fully acquires living tissue. The exit of the microchip to the surface of the skin is excluded. The microchip is visible on the X-ray.
How much is chipping a dog
The total cost consists of the cost of the service itself and the microchip. The approximate cost of electronic tagging is 900-1200 rubles. Price may be higher when calling a specialist at home.
Owners of dogs registered in St. Petersburg are given the opportunity to chip their pets for free. Free procedure is carried out in the state veterinary clinics. The promotion is valid from April 2, 2012, you can find out detailed information directly in the clinics, in particular in the state institution "Saint Petersburg City Power Station" (527-50-45, 527-50-43, 2 nd Zhernovskaya St., 46) , in the Veterinary Stations of the Admiralty, Vasileostrovsky, Central Districts (310-57-37, 321-99-12, B. Podyachna St., 5, V.O., 17th line, 56) and other veterinary clinics.
Description and characteristics of the transponder
A transponder is a microscopic device that contains a unique animal code. The size of the transponder used for chipping dogs and other pets, is 13 mm in length and 2 mm in diameter. The tiny device does not interfere with the life of the pet and does not cause discomfort when moving or at rest.
The device consists of:
- multi-turn antenna,
- memory block with a capacity of at least 96 bits
- protective capsule of biologically inert glass.
The microchip is programmed upon release by the manufacturing company. A 15-digit code is entered into the transponder memory. The first three digits are the country code corresponding to the ISO 3166 standard. For example, Russia is assigned the code 643, Ukraine - 804, and so on. The next 4 characters are the code of the company that issued the microchip. This is followed by 8 digits - an individual code that cannot be changed.
A large number of options for combinations of numbers excludes selection. The code is entered into the Unified National Base, which contains comprehensive information about the dog - the nickname, breed, age, color, contact phone numbers of the owner and the address of his residence. The transponder implanted in the dog fully complies with the ISO standard, which makes it possible to read the code in any country with a scanner.
The range of the transponder for small pets is 12-20 mm - this is the distance that you need to bring the scanner to read the code. Type of microchip - Read only (RO). This device does not provide for a change in the code, so it is used in the labeling of pets.
The kit, in addition to the transponder, includes a disposable special syringe, with which the device is inserted under the dog's skin and an ampoule with liquid facilitating the insertion and assimilation of the chip. Transponders from Germany, Bayer AG, are supplying transponders to Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus.
How is chipping carried out
Chipping dogs is carried out in veterinary clinics or canine centers. A puppy that is injected with a microchip must be at least 1 month old. Special training of the dog before the procedure is not required. Long-haired breeds of the chip is introduced into the area of the left shoulder blade or withers. In this case, the wool is moved apart, the skin at the injection site is treated with hydrogen peroxide or another disinfectant solution.
For hairless or short-haired breeds of dogs, a transponder is inserted into the inner part of the thigh. Before the procedure, check the performance of the chip, remove it from the sterile packaging and placed in a syringe. The puncture site is treated with alcohol. The whole procedure is painless, performed without anesthesia. Fluid allows you to enter the transponder without injury to the tissue.
Unlike previously applied marking or tattooing, chipping is a more humane and safer method. After the injection of the dog can not bathe or comb for several days. If the animal tries to reach the injection site, you can protect this area by restricting access with a plastic collar.
The glass from which the body of the chip is made does not cause an allergic reaction, it is not rejected by the body. The shape and material of the transponder prevents it from migrating in the body of the animal and rapidly growing into tissues.
The procedure of chipping dogs is not as widespread in the CIS as in Europe, so there is no such service everywhere. But in large cities, pet can be microchipped not only in a veterinary clinic. On call, the doctor can come to the house. The simplicity and safety of the operation allows you to chip the pet in the usual conditions for it.
Why do you need chipping
In the past, chipping was used to mark rare, expensive, elite animals and birds to protect them from theft. Today, the microchip helps:
- determine the owner of the lost animal,
- prove ownership of the dog,
- When buying an elite breed puppy, the chip data will help to ensure that the puppy is the one that was selected,
- to prevent the substitution of animals in international competitions and exhibitions.
Chipping dogs and other pets is not regulated by law and is a voluntary procedure. However, if the owner of the dog and his pet crosses the borders of the EU countries, the presence of a chip is mandatory. This requirement is stipulated by the special Regulation of the Council of Europe and the European Parliament of the EU No. 998/2003 (starting from 26. 05.2003).
Animal identification for participation in exhibitions from 01/01/2010 is carried out only if there is a transponder registered in the international database. Now breeders must indicate the individual parents' code in the puppy pedigree certificate. Many contests and exhibitions do not allow animals that do not have an implanted identifier and corresponding questionnaire in the database to participate in the contest.
As a rule, lost animals go to volunteers, to shelters or just to good people. To find the owners of the lost dog, it is enough to check the presence of a chip in the vet clinic and install the code. In each country there is a single database of animals that are microchipped, which is part of an international search engine. The registration card will contain the data needed to search for the owner and the institution that implanted the chip.
In addition, in the column “Notes of the owner” there is additional information that the owner deemed necessary to indicate. The column "Notes of the vetworker" provides information about the state of health, vaccinations, possible allergic reactions, etc. Such information helps when changing doctors, for example, when moving, traveling. After all, all the necessary information can be obtained quickly, which can save a dog's life in a certain situation.
What should the owner know about chipping?
When conducting pet chipping, the owner should know what to look for. It should be sure to make sure that the chip introduced to the dog conforms to the international standards ISO 11784 and 11785, otherwise the pet will not be taken abroad.
If the owner of the kennel sells already chipped puppies, then it is necessary to check whether the information about the dog has been entered into the Common Base. The same information is required when chipping in the clinic. If the institution enters the code only in the local or individual database, then identification will not be possible.
When chipping a pet, the owner must fill out a questionnaire, the data from which will be posted by the employee of the veterinary clinic in the database. A special barcode is pasted into the dog's veterinary passport, which corresponds to the microchip data. An identification card is issued to the hands of the owner of the dog, which serves as a legal document to confirm the rights to a particular animal in court. The owner should check whether the data is entered into the animal-ID system, whether there are any errors in the questionnaire.
A week after chipping, the owner of the dog should check if there is any information in the international and national databases, whether it is correct. Often, owners, knowing that a transponder is implanted in a pet, are shocked when, at the border crossing, for example, the customs veterinary service does not detect an electronic dog passport.
If the record could not be found, the owner can make a request, certify it in a veterinary clinic, provide a microchip for checking the code, and send the application by mail for registration. The same procedure is provided when changing contacts. Electronic identification is one of the points of the necessary documents for exporting a dog abroad to the countries of the European Union, Israel, the United Arab Emirates, Japan, etc.
When choosing a microchip, make sure that it complies with ISO standards, otherwise there may be problems with reading the code. There are no universal scanners yet and some transponders cannot be counted.
It will be interesting:
Chipped dog search
If a chipped dog is lost, stolen or replaced, you can find your pet owner using the Unified Chiped Animal Database.
The site has a virtual message board with information on the search for missing pets. The owner must fill in the advertisement, according to the sample, and it will immediately be posted on the page “Animals in search”, and the mark about the loss of a pet - in the dog's electronic passport card.
After 24 hours, the search information will be available to all Internet search engines. Now, if the kidnappers try to take the dog out of the state or go to a veterinary clinic, a dog society, then when you scan the chip and enter the code for verification, you will see that the dog is wanted.
The advantages of chipping dogs
Unlike the stigma, transponder is not a privilege of dogs with pedigree. At the request of the owner, he can be transplanted to any dog. Chipping has its advantages:
- over time, the stigma may become imperceptible under the coat, the tattoo may fade, and the chip will always provide undistorted information,
- Chipping is not traumatic, painless, unlike the common methods of labeling,
- individual code cannot be changed
- dog's electronic passport is always with her,
- information stored in the database will facilitate the recovery of lost documents,
- Since 2011, the presence of an electronic identifier is mandatory in the European Union and many countries. Even with properly executed documents, the lack of a chip is a reason not to let the animal out of state borders,
- the transponder facilitates the search for the missing animal,
- the presence of the transponder will prevent the substitution of the pet,
- the information entered in the special card, barcode and microchip code allows you to prove ownership in court,
- If necessary, a veterinarian in any part of the world, with a scanner and computer, can get comprehensive information about the health of the dog, vaccinations and individual characteristics.
Convenience and safety of the procedure, low cost and ease of identification have made the chipping procedure popular and in demand. If 20 years ago they knew about transponders only abroad, and expensive instruments were used only for marking elite, rare and expensive fauna representatives, then today this procedure is available almost everywhere.
Demand spawned a supply, and many companies launched their microchips on the market, which may not be readable by standard scanning devices. “Gray” transponders imported without documents, licenses and technical support are not registered in databases, either international or national. Accordingly, chipping a dog with such a device does not bring any benefit.
Experience chipping dogs in Europe confirmed the effectiveness of the procedure. Therefore, chipping quickly replaces the practice of branding.
What is a chip?
The capsule is made of a biologically compatible material (bioglass), inside which the chip itself is placed. This is an electronic micro device, which is assigned a unique fifteen-digit number. This number is entered into a single database, and an individual card is attached to it with all the information about the animal. In the database, you can add all the information about the dog, including color, special signs and even her photo.
The owner can specify several contact phone numbers, residential address and residence permit, so that if necessary it is easier to contact him. In a veterinary clinic, chip numbers are entered into a single database. The most famous databases are animal-id.ru and animalface.ru. Information from Russian bases goes to international (Petmaxx, EuroPetNet). The sticker with the barcode and the number is printed in the dog's veterinary passport and pedigree.
How is chipping done?
The chip is inserted using a special syringe subcutaneously, usually in the area of the withers or thighs. It does not require shaving of the coat; it is enough to treat the skin of the animal with antiseptic solutions. The procedure of injection at the time of puncture of the skin is a bit unpleasant, however, the anxiety of the animal passes in a few moments. The microcapsule with the chip remains localized in the subcutaneous fatty tissue, and even after years it can be found directly in the area of the injection site.
When wearing a chip, the dog does not feel it at all and does not experience itching or pain.
Для проверки номера чип сканируется специальным считывающим устройством до введения, когда еще находится в шприце, и после — под кожей собаки.
Когда чипировать собаку?
Процедуру чипирования у здорового животного можно провести в любом возрасте. Однако при оформлении справки для выезда за рубеж желательно, чтобы чипирование собаки было осуществлено до вакцинации от бешенства. Therefore, for the peace of mind of the owners, when submitting the documents, we recommend chipping puppies from two months on.
How is the chipping procedure?
The microchip, injected subcutaneously, is coated with a special bioglass, which is not rejected by the body and does not react with the tissues of the animal. Using a disposable applicator, the skin is punctured between the shoulder blades and a capsule is found. The injection site is pretreated with an antiseptic solution, and during the healing period it requires rest. The dog does not experience the stress of the procedure, however, in the first 7 days you should not wag the animal along the withers, engage in outdoor games and long walks. If the dog has a playful temper, during this period it may be recommended to wear a special collar that limits mobility and access to the puncture site. The chip stays in the body all its life, but the animal does not feel it. The probability of damage or loss of a capsule with information is negligible. After chipping, the dog becomes protected from non-return to the owner in case of loss or theft.
Chipping: risks and benefits of the procedure
Chipping refers to veterinary procedures, which in practice have no contraindications and complications. However, the owner must understand that it is possible to talk about minimal risk only if the operation is performed in a veterinary clinic by an experienced doctor. Vet clinic "Avers" offers this type of care under the supervision of doctors who have received special training and have a certified right to access identification databases. We guarantee that the code on the chips used is unique and the probability of its repetition over the next hundred years is zero. When applying for help to our clinic, the owner can be sure that when chipping, the antiseptic norms will be observed, the animal will not experience stress, and the owner will receive the necessary recommendations on the postoperative period and the use of the chip. During the life of the animal, the chip may migrate under the skin, which is slightly or even noticeably shifted relative to the initial injection site. If the dog is not worried, such changes are considered a variant of the norm. Localization of the capsule does not affect the ability to read and decrypt the code.
With the minimum risks indicated, the benefits of chipping are so significant that throughout the civilized world this procedure is highly recommended for all domestic dogs. The owner can be sure that no circumstances can separate him from the four-legged member of the family. Chipping is an easy way to solve the following problems:
- to find the missing animal anywhere in Russia, Europe, USA,
- to have the opportunity to travel freely with a tailed friend, even when crossing the border,
- in the case of theft, the dear dog will not be able to participate in exhibitions and breeding, and even if he goes to any veterinary clinic in the world, it will be returned to the owner.
The price of chipping is quite acceptable, especially if we relate it to the possible costs of the search, stress for the animal and the grief of the owner if the dog is lost. The capsule of the chip cannot be faked, the information encrypted in the code is confidential and entered into a database that no one can change. This gives a reliable guarantee that the pet will be returned to the family in any circumstances.
Features of chipping
- The inability to fake the chip. The chip is designed in such a way that the information on it (identification number) cannot be damaged or forged. The stamp can fade it can be interrupted, the microchip will remain unique.
- Electronic passport - the key to your peace of mind. Each dog or cat that received an individual chip is entered into a single electronic database.
- The effectiveness of the search for missing animals. According to animal-id.ru: “Studying more than 7,700 stray animals in animal shelters showed that 21.9% of dogs without microchips were returned to owners, while 52.2% of chipped dogs were returned to owners. Cats without microchips were only 1.8% reunited with their owners, while microchipped cats returned home 38.5% of cases. ”
- Simplicity and safety of the procedure. By the nature of the procedure, the introduction of a microchip can be correlated with subcutaneous injection. The microchip itself does not cause discomfort to the pet.
What do you need for chipping?
- Veterinary passport of an animal of the international sample. If you do not have such a document, you can arrange it in our clinic.
- Pet Owner Passport.
After that, for three days it is necessary to monitor the behavior of the animal and stop all attempts to comb the place where the injection was made.
Database, scanner, microchip
The unique number of the animal is recorded in a single Animal ID database. There are also stored veterinary passport data and contact details of the owner.
A scanner is a device with which you can “read” the number of a microchip. The doctor will check the information on this device with a scanner, both before implantation and after the introduction of the chip to the animal.
The microchip itself is a microcircuit with a unique number in the capsule. The dimensions of the microchip are insignificant, and the capsule is made of biocompatible material, which eliminates the possibility of rejection.