Hamsters are charming furry pets. Their main advantage is that they do not require special supervision. But, like any other animal, the hamster needs care and care. It can be argued that hamsters are very neat little animals, because every day they lick several times and wash more often. In some ways, this contributes to their good health.
Symptoms of ailments
Very often, children in the summer take out the hamster to take a walk outside, to run around the fragrant grass. If it happened that the pet escaped, and then it was found - do not put it in a cage, you must first show the animal to the doctor.
But even this will not be a guarantee that the pet is healthy, so you will need to independently assess its condition over several days.
The main signs that a hamster is sick:
- change of behavior to a more aggressive or sluggish,
- hard breath,
- prolonged sleep
- wet fur,
- hair loss
- sores on the skin
- appearance of blood-sucking insects,
- loose stools
- dirty genitalia
- lack of appetite.
First measures for diseases
If your hamster is still sick or you just suspect something was wrong, we recommend:
- Catch him from other animals, the disease may be contagious,
- observe other specimens in order to notice and cure the diseases of relatives, in time, do not touch them with your hands after contact with the patient (be sure to wash your hands),
- replace the food from the bowl and the old litter with new ones and sanitize items with which the hamster interacts.
Quite often, an illness can be caused by stress, for example:
- check-in of a new pet in a cage,
- violation of the daily routine,
- changing the location of the cell / cell itself,
Dzhungar hamsters diseases
The main diseases of dzhungar hamsters do not differ from those of other species. However, Djungar hamsters can have hereditary genetic diseases, such as type 1 diabetes and malignant neoplasms.
Symptoms of the Jungar hamster disease (diabetes):
- the animal drinks a lot,
- goes to the bathroom a lot because of a little need
- urine has an unpleasant sharpish smell,
- a change in mood (for example, from lethargy to activity),
- eats often, and weight only decreases.
It is worth noting that these symptoms may indicate kidney disease, therefore, before drawing conclusions, you should consult a doctor.
Hamsters are very sensitive eyes, they are often exposed to damage and infections. For example, conjunctivitis may begin. Eye disease in hamsters is a common occurrence. To avoid infection, care should be taken to keep the cage clean.
If infection could not be avoided, then the pet must be isolated and transferred to the grain ration. The cage in which the animal was, respectively, disinfected.
It is recommended to treat the eyes with Albucidum drops.
Hamster can get sick and common cold. Moreover, there is a chance of being infected by a person. Therefore, if you have a cold, try to minimize contact with the animal. The disease is characterized by sweeping, wheezing and malaise.
Bladder diseases, cystitis
Rodents sometimes suffer from bladder diseases or kidney infections. The disease can be identified by frequent urination (sometimes mixed with blood), cries during urination, and thirst. Treat the hamster with such symptoms with antibiotics, so you should immediately consult a doctor. To avoid such diseases, do not give him high-fat foods.
Heart problems in hamsters are rare. However, this also happens. The main cause of heart disease is severe stress or high temperature in the room. Symptoms: rapid pulse and heartbeat. If the animal becomes very bad, the veterinarian should give him an injection of effortila and put a small piece of ice on the back of his head. In such cases, any delay can be fatal to the pet.
Signs of stroke in hamsters:
- skewed mouth
- the animal cannot feed on its own,
- poor coordination
- withered or constantly open eyes.
In no case can a hamster be treated at home. If you notice similar symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor. Most likely, the veterinarian will recommend drugs to improve cerebral circulation.
If the rodent cannot eat on its own, it may be able to lick the food. So try giving it instant baby cereals and vegetable purees. Be sure to let your pet drink, otherwise dehydration may occur.
See how to care for new-born jungars, and do not make simple mistakes in the future!
Like other pets, hamsters can break a foot or a tail. To do this, they do not even need to leave the cell. A damaged limb can be identified by a characteristic limp.
Due to the small size of the rodent, it is impossible to put plaster or splint on its bone. In order for the bones to grow together more quickly and correctly, you need to restrict your pet as much as possible, and it is better to temporarily put it in the aquarium (so as not to climb up the cage). In the diet is to add food with a large amount of calcium (soft bread, milk). Fractures heal within a week or two.
Good day! Please help. Hamster Dzungarik 1 year 4 months. He lives in a cage, he used to go to sleep in a house on the second floor, now he doesn’t go there, it is hard for him. Removed even the stairs today. Since The week is sluggish, moves a little, does not dig, sleeps a lot, eats as usual and starts to drink more often. Three days ago, they noticed redness on one paw (right below, where the claws) were treated with chlorhexidine. Today, all the other legs are also red and swollen. He becomes weak in his eyes, tries to sleep, in a dream, moans and breathes in his sides. We feed litlle one, give an additional apple, carrot, banana, cucumber, egg white. Litter sawdust. What to do? No experience at all.
So, the first category of diseases Dzungarian hamsters - mechanical injuries. This can be attributed to dislocations of extremities, strokes, fractures. Such a "set" your hamster can earn during a fall from a height, or during the manifestation of your love. How to determine that the hamster is not all right? This is primarily visual distortion and deformation of the limbs, as well as, the problematic movement of your pet. This condition can also very often be accompanied by a painful shock. In this case, the hamster self-medicates - just a pointless exercise, rather take the rodent to the veterinarian, where he will be able to objectively assess the severity of injuries and the possibility of their treatment.
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Rodents, like us, are prone to colds. And treatment, similar to ours, is to enhance immunity, with help. fresh fruits and vegetables.
The second category of diseases - colds hamsters. The symptoms in this case are quite typical - the hamster sneezes, sniffs, his activity is reduced and he does not behave as actively as before, refuses to eat and play ... Here, on the face is a viral infection. It is quite clear that you will not give antibiotics and prick injections in this case (too small baby and it is very difficult to determine the necessary dosage of medicines), but to provide the rodent with fresh fruits that contain vitamins and to increase the pet's immunity in a natural way - do it just needed. If the body of the rodent is strong enough, and the infection is not too serious, your hamster, after a few days, will already forget about his illness ...
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Diseases of the eyes of the Dzhungar hamster can be attributed to the third category of rodent diseases. Symptoms of these ailments are sticking of the eyelids, conjunctivitis, purulent discharge in the eye area (see details). In this case, we can recommend that you, as the owner of a rodent, wash the hamster's eyes several times with salted water several times a day. If you notice that a hamster has a gray spot in the pupil's area, and the lens of the eye itself is quite cloudy - then it may be a cataract, unfortunately, this disease cannot be cured in hamsters, so with such a diagnosis you just need to take better care baby
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Very often rodents appear. problems with teeth.
The fourth category of diseases of hamsters - dental problems. If your rodent suddenly lost his appetite - the reason for this may be an injury associated with his teeth. To do this, you need to inspect the mouth of the hamster and check whether all the incisors are safe and sound. Also, as an option, it may be that your jungarik is hampered by too long teeth - in this case, you will need to seek help from a veterinarian to shorten their length, or try this procedure yourself. However, if you still doubt your abilities and have never done anything like this before - contact the experts!
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Skin and wool diseases
The fifth category of diseases - problem conditions of hair and hamster skin. If you notice that your small rodent suddenly began to lose wool and his skin exfoliates and flakes off - these are symptoms of eczema or dermatophytosis. Their cause can be as the stress of the Jungar hamster, and an allergic reaction. In order not to guess what it is - contact your veterinarian, who will be able to determine the cause, and, accordingly, prescribe appropriate treatment in this case. If you notice that hair has appeared on the skin of your hamster, then perhaps the reason lies in such parasites as ticks and lice (for more details why a hamster can be scratched is described here.). They must be fought with the help of special sprays and aerosols that are specifically designed for hamsters.
It is strictly prohibited to poison ticks and lice in a hamster with a flea medicine for cats - by this you simply kill the rodent!
The sixth category of diseases - diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in hamsters. They are usually accompanied by a liquid stool (diarrhea) with an unpleasant odor and rumbling in the stomach. You can defeat this ailment with a diet, or, if the symptoms remain unchanged for several days, refer to a veterinarian and prescribe special drugs (not human).
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Tumors and neoplasms
Well, the most serious category of diseases is tumors and neoplasmsthat are very common in hamsters. And, it may not necessarily be cancer, as many rodent owners think, but also the consequence of an unsuccessful lump as a result of a bruised limb. But, in order that all your doubts dissipated, and the rodent was made the correct diagnosis - contact the experts.
Sometimes hamster owners are simply banal and ashamed to ask for help at a veterinary clinic with their small pet. In their opinion, veterinarians are doctors for cats and dogs, but hamsters are too small to treat them. Such a wrong opinion very often becomes the cause of the neglected disease in the Djungar hamster and its death. But, this is not the right approach. The Dzungarian hamster, like any other animal, is a veterinary patient who requires attention. Therefore, if the behavior (see the hamsters behavior peculiarities) and the state of your dzungarik cause you to have doubts and fears - contact the specialists, perhaps this will save your little, but this pet hamster's life ...
Video about Dzungar hamsters:
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What to do when a hamster gets sick
Hamsters - one of the most common pets, pets of children and adults. They are quite unpretentious in content. But, unfortunately, the diseases of hamsters are diverse, so breeders need to know about the most common ailments and how to prevent them.
After the little hamster has fallen from the store into the hands of its new owners, it is incredulous and aggressive. But within a few days the baby will get used to the new situation and your hands. By their nature, hamsters are quite calm and friendly animals. The manifestation of aggression may indicate a poor state of health of the pet.
Healthy hamsters are friendly and calm animals.
In summer, children love to take hamsters outside, walking them on fresh grass. If suddenly the hamster escaped, but then you still found him, do not rush to return him to the cage. The first thing to do is to show the fugitive to the veterinarian, and then carefully observe his behavior for several days.
If the hamster is still sick, then some symptoms will appear:
- the behavior suddenly became irritable and aggressive,
- breathing became heavy
- sleeps a long time
- the fur became wet,
- when stroking the fur began to fall out,
- any apparent change in stool
- appearance of sores on the skin,
- appearance of blood-sucking insects.
Like any beast, a sick hamster hides and wants to lie down. If you go to the vet in time, in most cases you can help your pet.
Diseases of the digestive tract
If the hamster began to loose stools, but you are sure that the cause is not an infection, then you can give a piece of raw potatoes. Also pomegranate peel will help. From medications you can give phthalazole and etazol 1/8 tablet 2 times a day.
Diseases of the digestive tract most often occur as a consequence of malnutrition or from inappropriate water. Remember that ever-growing teeth require solid food. For disinfection, a couple of potassium permanganate crystals are added to the water so that it only turns pink a little.
For constipation, pour a teaspoon of castor oil slowly into the hamster mouth.
Specific Syrian disease
Breeders of Syrian hamsters should be aware of such a specific disease as a “wet tail.” This disease occurs most often in individuals of the Syrian breed.
Syrian hamsters are also called golden, this is their middle name.
Wet tail is rarely diagnosed and is very difficult to treat. If nothing is done, the animal dies several days after the onset of symptoms. This is an infectious disease. Young individuals up to three months suffer the most. The incubation period can last up to two weeks. Then the main symptoms appear: severe diarrhea, possibly even with blood, lethargy and refusal of water. Most often, infected animals die from dehydration.
The name of the disease acquired due to the fact that the entire back of the animal, (not only the place at the anus), becomes wet. The disease is very contagious and is transmitted with secretions. Even with the right treatment, only about 50% of patients survive.
After recovery, there may be side effects such as obstruction of the small intestine and prolapse of the rectum. If the Syrian hamster suffers a disease, he will receive immunity from the "wet tail" for life.
If all of the symptoms indicate that your Syrian hamster has this disease, immediately take it to a veterinarian. Accurately establish the diagnosis possible with the help of laboratory studies of animal secretions. The sooner treatment begins, the greater the chances of survival for the hamster.
What to do if there is no opportunity to quickly go to the vet, and the symptoms confirm the terrible disease?
The treatment is carried out by a course of antibiotic and prevention of dehydration. Bacteria that cause a “wet tail” are resistant to many antibiotics. Such drugs as Tetracycline, Trimetoprim-sulfa combinaties and Baytril are effective. Ringer-lactaat is injected injected from dehydration. In addition, you need to give a hamster pribiotiki, because during illness and treatment the intestinal microflora suffers greatly.
It is also important to strengthen hygiene and keep quarantine. If you have more than one Syrian hamster, then seize the infected into a separate cage and into another room. All procedures the patient needs to do in disposable gloves. The cage should be washed every day with soapy water.
If the pet is still dead, the cage must be treated several times with bleach and soapy water. Then leave the cell empty for two months. During this period, a new Syrian hamster should not appear in the house and other hamsters should not be transported from the house either.
Fragile nervous system
Dzhungariki prone to stress. Irritating factors (competition with congeners, noise, disturbance of daytime sleep) by themselves can lead to diseases.
Nervousness leads to impaired stool, coat, itching and alopecia.
It should be borne in mind that transportation for the animal can be a stress factor. If the hamster is sick, it is necessary to visit the veterinary clinic, but the following procedures are best done at home. The doctor can show how to fix the baby in a safe way and perform manipulations.
Some diseases are found in dzhungarik much more often than in other hamsters. This is primarily obesity and diabetes. Изначально к диабету предрасположены хомячки Кэмпбэлла, но они так похожи на джунгарских, что эти два вида часто скрещиваются между собой.The owner can not be sure whether his pet is not a half breed.
Hereditary diabetes occurs at the age of 2-4 months.
Dzungarian hamster: diseases of non-contagious nature
Rodents are often raised as the first pet. People count on the unpretentiousness of these animals. And Dzhungar hamsters may well become favorite pets: they rarely have diseases when properly maintained. It is enough to devote time to the prevention of major diseases, so as not to suffer later with treatment.
For a small hamster, they often get a smaller cage than for a large Syrian or a guinea pig. But in nature, tiny dzungarik runs several kilometers daily in search of food. In captivity, he must provide the conditions for physical activity, otherwise the rodent will quickly become fat. Favorite delicacies of hamsters (seeds, nuts) are very high in calories. Although the fat hamster seems funny to the owners, overweight greatly reduces the life span of the pet, leads to liver and heart diseases, and sometimes provokes diabetes.
Prevention and treatment of overweight is a suitable rodent diet and exercise (walking, running in a wheel or walking ball, game mazes).
This disease of the pancreas, in which the hormone responsible for the absorption of glucose, insulin, ceases to be produced sufficiently. The disease can be inherited, but most often the owner is to blame, feeding the animal delicious, but difficult to assimilate delicacy. Even ordinary carrots are dangerous for dwarf hamsters, not to mention honey sticks, fruits and berries.
- behavior change: lethargy or vice versa - unnatural activity: the animal scratches, runs back and forth, digs, jumps,
- a dramatic change in body weight: depletion or obesity,
- the animal drinks a lot and pisses a lot,
Small rodents are not prescribed insulin for diabetes, so care is a special diet. Sweet foods are strictly contraindicated.. Give more white vegetables (in red more sugars): zucchini, cucumber, turnip and radish, celery, Jerusalem artichoke. Limit fats in the diet, increasing the proportion of protein foods (low-fat cottage cheese, boiled meat and eggs).
How to understand that a hamster has diabetes
Instead of a blood test, you can easily do a home urine sugar test. Test strips are bought in an ordinary human pharmacy. The day before the analysis, the hamster does not give any sweet food (fruit, treats). In the morning, the animal is planted in a clean container without filler. A droplet of urine is sufficient for the test (it is convenient to collect it with a syringe). The color change of the test strip is evaluated by eye. If the urine glucose is higher than normal, the pet is sick.
Inflammation of the cheek pouches
Due to the small size, the jungaric often injure the mucous membrane of the cheek pouches. Wound can be received when feeding seeds in husk (pumpkin, sunflower), hay, dried pasta. The wound becomes dirty, inflamed and an abscess is brewing.
The main signs of such a problem are swelling in the area of the face and loss of appetite. The treatment consists in cleaning the cheek pouch, for which it is completely turned out. After opening the abscess, a systemic antibiotic is prescribed.
Like many other rodents, Djungarian hamsters have teeth that grow throughout life. It is vital for the animal to grind them during a meal, as well as with the help of a mineral stone or twigs. An unsuitable diet causes little occlusion - improper abrasion of the teeth. They grow, injure the tissues of the mouth and jaw bones. As a secondary problem, malocclusion appears after the animal refused to eat for several days, and received only soft food.
Signs of dental disease:
- refusal of food or selective eating of food,
- the hamster is losing weight, the process of defecation is disturbed,
- abscesses in the area of the face, discharge from the nose, eyes,
- excessive salivation: the hair of the chin and breast is wet, inflamed,
- deformation of incisors, their growth beyond the limits of the oral cavity.
It is almost impossible to cure bite disorders if they once arise. Correction has to be done again with an interval of 1-4 months. The teeth are trimmed only under general anesthesia (inhalation anesthesia). Without anesthesia, only grown incisors can be trimmed, while the real problem often lies in the chewing (cheek) teeth.
Feeding the jungar “forbidden” products inevitably leads to disruption of the bowels. Knitting (persimmon) and dry food provoke constipation, fermenting (cabbage, bread, legumes) - bloating, and substandard or toxic - diarrhea. It is much easier to prevent such a problem than to treat it, but the owner should be able to provide first aid to a pet. Broths of medicinal herbs will come to the rescue: with diarrhea, the chair is bark of oak, chamomile, rice decoction.
When flatulence they drink dill water (fennel). For constipation, use mucus flax seed or plantain, liquid paraffin.
If there is a suspicion of poisoning, then the hamster can be given sorbents from a human first-aid kit (smect, enterosgel), but in microscopic amounts.
Dzungarian hamster: contagious diseases
With isolated maintenance and cleanliness infections Hamsters are extremely rare. The animal can become infected with feed, bedding, or from humans - so it is important to wash fruits and vegetables and hands before contact with a rodent. Treatment viral diseases does not exist, and if the doctor has determined bacterial infection - use antibiotics.
Not everyone has the opportunity to turn to a specialist with a rodent. Therefore, the owner may resort to antibiotic therapy at his discretion in some situations:
- the hamster had a cold and nasal discharge not transparent, but greenish-yellow, (pneumonia),
- a sore is inflamed, or a lump with pus (abscess) is poured,
- profuse diarrhea "out of the blue" (intestinal infection).
Hamsters are sensitive to medications, so it is impossible to use human antibiotics - do not calculate the dose. Use the veterinary drug "Baytril 2.5%" at a dose of 10 mg / kg (0.4 ml per 1 kg). Dzungarik weighs about 40-50 g, the dosage for such a baby is 0.02 ml. Enter subcutaneously, ottyagya skin in the area of the blades. Injections once a day, as prescribed by a doctor, 2 times a day, a course of 1-2 weeks.
A healthy Dzungar hamster has thick, thick, shiny fur. Only on the puzika the males have a yellowish “sore” of a rounded shape - a marker gland. If the hamster begins to go bald, combs the skin to the blood - these are signs of serious problems. Most often rodents infect fungus (mycosporus) and microscopic subcutaneous mites (demodicosis, itchy scabies). A small bald patch and scratches can be treated with iodine, but in order to make a diagnosis, you will have to go to the clinic. Sometimes doctors prescribe injections of ivermectin (a drug for ticks) "at random", without finding the parasites themselves. This practice is absolutely justified, it is only necessary to carefully select the dose depending on the weight of a small rodent.
By type of hamster diseases, like people, are divided into infectious and non-infectious. The following diseases are contagious.
- Bacterial infections. Cause gastrointestinal, skin and other inflammatory processes.
- Viral infections. They affect the eyes, mucous membranes, cause tumors.
- Fungal. Mostly cause skin diseases.
- Infection with parasites (fleas, ticks, worms).
Some of these diseases can get people. You need to be extremely careful when contacting a sick animal and deliver it to a veterinarian as soon as possible. Only the doctor, having made analyzes, will make the final diagnosis and will give the forecast on a possibility of recovery. Unfortunately, many diseases are deadly to the hamster. But in any case, the loving owner will do everything in his power so that the hamster recovers.
Non-communicable diseases include noncommunicable diseases.
- Injuries and bruises caused by a fall from a height or a fight with other inhabitants of the cell.
- Metabolic disease. For example, diabetes mellitus, the more often the Jungar hamsters are ill.
- Diseases caused by stressful situations. These include heart disease, heart attacks, strokes.
Syrian hamster diseases are more often associated with gastrointestinal infections.
When to sound the alarm
How to understand that the hamster is sick. If the animal is healthy, it is active, it has a smooth shiny hair, clear, clean eyes and a good appetite. But if you notice that the pet behaves unusually, immediately take action. Your hamster got sick if
- eats badly or refuses altogether
- his eyes are watering or festering
- loose stools,
- constipation, stools dry or absent,
- blood is dripping from the anus,
- difficulty breathing or wheezing, coughing,
- discharge from the spout or excessive salivation,
- wet or dull, clumped wool,
- ulcers, wounds, peeling of the skin, bald patches on the skin,
- swelling, bloating,
- lethargy, low mobility,
- the hamster is trembling, although the room is warm.
A sign of illness may also be an insufficient weight of the animal. To find out if your pet is sick, periodically weigh your pet. The weight of an adult Syrian is about 90 g, the weight of a dzungarik is at least 30 g.
Infectious diseases in hamsters
Bacterial or viral infection of the animal can become infected in several ways.
- From other sick animals by direct contact or through the products of his life.
- Through infected feed or water.
- Insect bites.
- Through litter and uncleaned excrement.
Respiratory infections are activated by hypothermia, stress and lack of vitamins in the body. Understand that the hamster is sick, you can by his behavior. He will become lethargic and apathetic. You can notice the discharge from the spout. The young strong hamster will recover in a few days. In weak individuals with reduced immunity, the disease can develop into pneumonia. The animal will cough and breathe heavily. In a few days he will die.
Tuberculosis develops in a weakened body when ingested by a tubercle bacillus. There are two forms of this disease, depending on the mode of infection: pulmonary and intestinal. In the case of pulmonary tuberculosis, a hamster has a cough, shortness of breath, loss of appetite. The intestinal form is characterized by severe diarrhea. This disease of hamsters, unfortunately, is incurable.
For the prevention of tuberculosis, the animal must receive adequate nutrition with the necessary amount of vitamins, the cell must be kept clean constantly, the room is periodically aired. It is necessary to exclude contact with sick animals and people. Not only can a person get a hamster with some ailments, but rodents can also be affected by contact with a sick person.
Colibacillosis - an infectious disease of the gastrointestinal tract caused by E. coli. It is characterized by very strong diarrhea. The stool is so thin that it looks more like urine, so the disease is also called “wet tail”. The hamster becomes sluggish, eats poorly, quickly loses weight. If you notice such signs, the rodent urgently needs to be carried to the vet. The doctor will examine the symptoms and prescribe treatment. Antibiotics of the tetracycline group are usually prescribed, they are added to food or drinking water. In severe cases, chloramphenicol injections are prescribed.
Colibacillosis disease is very contagious. If the sick animal was in contact with other pets, they will also have to be treated. The sooner you consult a doctor, the more successful the treatment will be. Disease prevention - maintaining cleanliness in the cell. As well as the content of each animal in a separate cage.
Cystitis. Wet tail can be an indicator not only of colibacillosis, but also of cystitis - inflammation of the urinary tract. The animal experiences pain when urinating, constantly wants to drink. The disease arises from hypothermia. Maintain the optimum temperature in the room where the baby lives, do not put the cage with a hamster in the draft. Cystitis is also treated with antibiotics.
Diplococcosis - an infectious disease of the respiratory tract, caused by diplococcal bacteria. Symptoms - weakness, lethargy, refusal to eat. The hamster shakes and shakes, it flows from the nose. Death occurs in 2 to 3 days, unless a special anti-bacterial serum is administered on time.
Salmonellosis - Acute intestinal disease caused by E. coli with salmonella. Also leads to death, if time does not begin treatment.
Pneumonia - Frequent complication after respiratory infections, if the patient does not receive proper treatment and nutrition. Or if the animal lacks vitamins in the body and lowers immunity. The disease can occur after severe hypothermia.
Conjunctivitis - inflammation in the eyes and eyelids. Diseases of the eyes of dzungarik arise from hypothermia or have a bacterial nature.
Intestinal parasites. It is possible to determine that a pet is infected with worms by feces and by the fact that with a good appetite the animal loses weight. The condition of the fur is not the same as in a healthy animal, it is faded or, on the contrary, fat. In this case, you can buy a comprehensive anti-worms drug in a veterinary pharmacy (for example, Shustrik).
Demodecosis - A disease caused by a microscopic subcutaneous mite. The animal itches, the coat falls out. The disease is treated by injection of invermectin.
Ringworm - fungal disease. Scaly patches appear on the body and extremities of the rodent, and hair falls out. The disease is contagious, transmitted to man. The doctor will make a scraping and prescribe treatment with ointments and special creams.
Non-communicable diseases of the Dzungarian and other hamster breeds primarily include injuries. They are injured mainly due to the fault of the owners. Rodents should not be let out for a walk on a table or other surface from which the homa may fall. When buying and installing a running wheel, it is necessary to eliminate narrow (less than 0.5 cm) gaps so that the baby does not put his foot in there and does not cripple. If you have several Dzungarik, settle them in different cells. Otherwise they will fight and may also inflict injury to each other.
Improper nutrition can cause
- dental diseases
- inflammation of the cheek pouches,
- food poisoning
- hemorrhoids (if blood is dripping from the anus, your pet may have a crack there).
Non-contagious diseases are also complications of pregnancy and abnormal labor in females. Sometimes the blood under the tail of the female appears as a result of miscarriage.
Metabolism is the proper functioning of all body systems. Food processing, energy production, removal of unnecessary and harmful products. The central nervous system is responsible for all this, but glands that release hormones have a great influence on metabolic processes. These include the thyroid and pancreas, adrenal glands, pituitary, sex glands. Improper nutrition, poor ecology, hereditary factors affect the work of these bodies. Disruption of their normal operation leads to a malfunction of the body as a whole. Diseases of Dzungarian hamsters are often associated with metabolic disorders.
Diabetes may develop due to excessive carbohydrate intake. Hereditary predisposition to the disease is also important. To find out that the hamster is sick with this disease, you can by the characteristic smell of acetone, which comes from the saliva and urine of the rodent. But the final diagnosis will be made only by the doctor, having made a blood test. Prevention of the disease of dzhungar hamsters is a balanced diet, elimination of sugar from the diet, good care and a mobile lifestyle.
Stroke - can also be attributed to diseases arising from metabolic disorders. With age and as a result of malnutrition, cholesterol plaques are deposited on the walls of blood vessels, which prevent the normal passage of blood. At some point, the plaques completely block the vessel, it bursts, and hemorrhage occurs.
If the hamster is shaking, he has cramps, most likely the end is near.
Sometimes the attentive owners are concerned that the rodent on the stomach sore yellow. In fact, it is the odor gland, with the help of which the male marks his territory.
Diseases caused by stress
Stress factors for a small rodent can be loud cries, the work of various electrical appliances, other pets and much more. Diseases that develop as a result of the stress state in Syrian and other hamster breeds:
- eczema (ulcers and peeling of the skin, hair loss),
- heart attack, cardiac arrest,
- complete or partial paralysis (may occur if the animal is greatly frightened).
To avoid such trouble, never shout at the baby, do not punish him for any pranks. Do not place the cage near the TV or speakers. Isolate the rodent from cats and dogs if they live in your home. If you have just purchased fluffy, give him a few days to get used to a new place of residence, do not immediately start playing with him or raising him.
Any disease is easier to prevent than to cure. Не пренебрегайте профилактическими мерами, и вам не придется мучиться с больным животным. Вылечить хомяка гораздо труднее, чем соблюдать нехитрые правила содержания грызунов в домашних условиях.
- Кормите грызуна только свежими продуктами или качественными кормами. Вода в поилке всегда должна быть чистая и свежая.
- The cage should have a mineral stone or sticks for grinding teeth.
- Regularly clean the cage, destroy stocks that can deteriorate.
- Temperature and humidity should be comfortable for the baby. Do not allow drafts, do not put the cage close to the radiator or under direct sunlight.
- Provide a restful nap for your pet.
- Isolate from other pets (cats, dogs) that may scare fluffy.
- Buy your child a sufficient number of toys and simulators (running wheel, walking ball) so that the baby can move.
If you brought a hamster, pay attention to him, watch his behavior, play and educate. The baby will live in your home a long and happy life, and will delight you with a cheerful disposition and a healthy appearance.