Cat skin diseases


Auricle skin disease. Not transmitted to humans. A microscopic mite settles in the ear, which is easy to diagnose by the presence of almost black dirt in the cat's ears. Copes with ear mite Otoferonol. Double treatment with drops with a break of a week eliminates the pet's ears from a tick. If it is not removed, inflammation (otitis) develops in the ear canal, scratching and wounds appear. When handling cat ears, follow the rules of personal hygiene. Although otodektoz is not dangerous for a person, it would not be superfluous to treat your hands with an antiseptic.

3. Lishai of various etymologies - common skin diseases in cats.

Details of depriving them, their treatment, symptoms and photos of cats, patients with deprive - in the article Deprive of cats: photos, signs and treatment. Deprive is contagious, dangerous to humans. The causative agent is a fungus, it grows rapidly through the body of the Murka rapidly, it requires immediate therapy. Treatment produced by medical preparations. Folk remedies (for example, oak bark) take place in the treatment of this skin disease, but recovery occurs much later than from veterinary medicines.

6. Bacterial infections on the skin.

The reason is acne. If you do not treat acne, bacteria that get actively proliferated in the upper epithelium are ulcers, wounds, dry crusts, redness. Treating skin infection with ointments Levomekol and Miramistin. If these drugs do not improve the skin condition, an antibiotic is needed, for example, Tetracycline.

7. Dandruff in a cat.

Dandruff may appear on the back, on the tail, on the pet's head. There are several reasons. The main ones: food allergies, too dry air at home, reaction to the sun, the presence of parasites, vitamin deficiency (lack of vitamins A and B). First of all, eliminate potential allergens, get wool health food and for some time include in the cat's diet foods rich in vitamins A and B - meat, fish oil, eggs. Learn proper nutrition for cats.

Daily combing is a beneficial effect - a kind of massage that provides the hair follicles with oxygen.

Also try to bathe your cat veterinary shampoo with antifungal action - SynergyLabs Veterinary Formula with Ketoconazole. Means is applied twice a week for 10 minutes, then washed off. What is good? The shampoo contains a powerful antifungal component. Excipients - aloe and lanolin soothe the skin, nourish it and protect against bacteria. If the cause of dandruff is a fungus, shampoo will fix the problem.

A rare disease for cats. Dangerous to humans, as versicolor. The causative agent - itch mite. Manifested by hair loss, itching, rashes with white liquid inside. Treated by bathing pet hexachlorane emulsion or using soap. Oils have a healing effect: tea tree and sea buckthorn.

9. Demodecosis.

The most dangerous skin disease of cats. The causative agent is a skin mite. When a bite forms an inflated red spot, hair falls on the muzzle, bloody specks appear, and pimples - by clicking on which, you will trigger outflow of white liquid with a large number of microscopic larvae. Copes with demodicosis Sulfuric ointmentveterinary drugs Stronghold and Advocad. You can also use human shampoo from the series StopDemodex.

For prevention, provide your pet with a balanced fortified diet.

10. Allergy.

Cats are highly susceptible to allergies. As a rule, it is manifested by skin problems. Loss of hair, especially on the stomach, says that the pet is allergic. Note that chicken protein is a powerful allergen. Long-term nutrition of chicken fillets leads to the development of allergies and the general depletion of the body due to nutritional deficiencies. Feed the cat rarely.

How to diagnose, what cat hurts

In the matter of determining the skin disease, do not try to make a diagnosis yourself. Here only the vet and scraping analysis will help. Given that the pathogens are different, the treatment is also different. In order to quickly achieve recovery of your pet, contact a specialist, do not experiment on your own.

For prevention, keep the bowls, tray, bedding, cat house clean. Regularly feed with a balanced feed, brush your fur and inspect for the presence of parasites or wounds. After learning how the skin diseases look in the photo and the treatment of ailments, conduct immediate therapy. A skin disease is treated quickly if its cause is not a tick or fungus.

Let your pets be healthy, and their hair will be shiny and silky.

Cat skin diseases - types and list

By their nature, they are divided into parasitic and non-parasitic diseases. In addition, it is on the skin of cats most often appear allergic reactions.

1.1. Flea infestation,

1.2. Fungal infections,

  • Trichophytosis
  • Microsporia.

1.3. Tick-borne infections:

  • scabies,
  • notodrosis
  • demodicosis,
  • sarcoptosis,
  • otodecosis,
  • cheyletiosis.
  1. Bacterial infections:

  1. Allergic reactions:

3.1. Feed intolerance,

3.2. Atopic dermatitis,

3.3. Miliary dermatitis.

Flea infestation

Flea infection is the most common skin disease that every cat has had at least once in their lives. Infection occurs from sick animals or in areas where there are fleas.

Some pet owners mistakenly believe: if a cat is not allowed out, it will never catch fleas. Fleas and their larvae easily penetrate the house through human shoes. At each entrance someone fleaish can run. Fleas are not permanent parasites. They can and must be fought. But, if you do not remove parasites, flea dermatitis will develop in a pet.

The first and most important symptom of a flea infestation is severe itching all over the body of the animal. In the most severe cases, anemia can develop. If you push the cat's fur, you can see fleas and their excrement with the naked eye.

Fleas feed on the blood of their prey. They bite through the skin and send saliva to the bite site, which thins the blood - this is the cause of itchy skin. A cat continuously combing the bite site, damaging the skin, causing an infection - the inflammatory process begins. Besides the fact that fleas cause itching and dermatitis, their saliva can provoke allergic reactions. Also through the bite of an insect in the cat's body can get worms larvae.

Flea infestation is one of the diseases that can be treated without the help of a veterinarian. For treatment to be effective, it should be remembered that fleas only feed on cats. They live in crevices, carpet rugs, under furniture, and in other secluded places. They also breed and lay eggs there. Therefore, treatment should include the following activities:

  1. Antiparasitic treatment of the animal: "FrontLine", "Hartz", "Bayer", "Advocate", "Bars".
  2. Processing of the room: "Pyrethrum", "Dichlorvos", "ParaStop".
  3. Anthelmintic treatment: "Drontal", "Prazitsid".
  4. Introduction of antiallergic drugs: "Pipolzin", "Tavegil".

The processing of the cat and the room is carried out with insecticides in several stages in order to completely get rid of the adult individuals and their eggs. Such treatments should be repeated every few months.

Fungal infections: trichophytosis, microsporia

Trichophytosis and microscopy are two fungal infections that cause a serious skin disease known as ringworm. The danger of this disease is that it is easily transmitted from cat to man.

Children are especially susceptible to infection. Infection occurs from a sick animal, and spores of the fungus easily enter the apartment through the shoes of a person. Ringworm is a disease that spreads quickly to the body of an animal. Symptoms of the disease:

  • on the head, paws, back of the cat appear rounded areas of the fallen out hair,
  • irritated skin in the affected areas has a scaly, ash-colored surface,
  • the localization of the fungus is painful, cats experience discomfort.

Early diagnosis is the key to successful treatment of ringworm. It is necessary to localize the fungus and prevent it from spreading through the main part of the cat's skin. The smaller the area of ​​infection, the faster and easier you can cure a pet. Therefore, at the first suspicion, the animal must be shown to the veterinarian. Treatment should be comprehensive, it should be prescribed by a doctor based on the results of tests.

In the treatment of ringworm use as an internal antimycotic drugs, and drugs of local importance. Treatment consists of several stages:

  • places around the affected areas are shaved and treated with any antiseptic,
  • my animal shampoos, which include antifungal components: "Sebozol", "Nizoral",
  • bald spots are treated with antifungal ointments: Miconazole, Clotrimazole, Sanoderm. Treatment with ointments continues until full recovery. On average, the course of treatment ranges from 2 weeks to 2 months,
  • instead of ointments, you can use spray "Fungin" - a drug based on clotrimazole. Spray applied directly to the affected skin or treat them with a gauze bandage, which is applied to problem areas.

In some cases, veterinarians prescribe vaccination drugs "Polivak", "Vakderm." The vaccine is administered 2-3 times with an interval of 1-2 weeks.

Tick ​​infections

The scabies pathogens are microscopic scab mites that destroy and gnaw cat's epithelium. They are always present on the body of the animal, but are activated only on a weakened body. Most affected are cats with a weakened immune system and those animals that lack vitamins.

Scabies is a contagious and rapidly parasitic disease. Symptoms of the disease: persistent itching, scratching on the skin of the animal. In places of scratching, the appearance of secondary bacterial infections is possible. The correct diagnosis can only be made in a veterinary clinic after dermatological research.

The treatment is carried out strictly according to the appointments of the veterinarian. It may include:

  • subcutaneous injections (shots) of the drug "Ivermectin",
  • drops of tick-borne action: “Bars”, “Inspector”, “Lawyer”. Drops fall on the withers of an animal,
  • anti-itchy ointment: "Ivermectin", "Aversectin".

Before using any preparations for scabies, the cat can be bathed with any dermatological shampoo - this will relieve itching. During the course of treatment can not bathe the animal.

One type of tick-borne infections caused by the subcutaneous mite Notoedres cati. The parasite penetrates the skin of the neck of the cat's head, gnaws in them the moves, causing intense itching. Animals try to comb themselves, which can be complicated by purulent dermatitis. The final diagnosis can only be made by a doctor, based on research on scrapings from affected skin. The treatment is carried out with the use of anti-tick drugs: "Sulfuric ointment", "Amitrazin", "Amit".

Very dangerous tick-borne infection. The causative agent is the mite Demodex cati. The peak of the spread of demodicosis is the warm season, when these ticks are activated.

Symptoms: hair loss on large areas of cat ate, redness of the skin, pustules. Simultaneously with the external signs in animals decreases activity. Animals suffer demodicosis painfully.

If time does not reveal the disease and do not begin the correct treatment, the animal may die.

The treatment regimen is prescribed by a veterinarian. Owners of cats should listen carefully to medical appointments and improve nutrition, conditions of the sick cats. Demodecosis severely undermines the immunity of the animal. In order to eliminate the source of infection, injectable drugs are prescribed: Novomek, Amitrizin, Ivermectin. In order for the cat to quickly fill the lack of mineral substances, you can water it with non-carbonated mineral water.

Another type of tick-borne infection that can affect both cats and dogs. Diagnosis is carried out in laboratory conditions. Symptoms of the disease resemble scabies: itchy skin, scratching. The disease is contagious, dangerous for humans. Stronghold drops are used to treat sarcoptosis.

Otodektoz - ear mite. The reason - insufficient care for the animal. Sulfur accumulates in the auricles, which serves as a breeding ground for the reproduction of the tick. When infected, a cat shakes its head all the time, trying to comb its ears. The animal in this period suffers from severe itching in the ears. The clinical picture is complemented by brown crusts in the ears.

The disease only at first glance seems harmless. If it is not detected in time and treatment is not started, it can lead to the defeat of the eardrum.

Complications: deafness and meningitis.

The treatment is performed with the use of ear drops: Otibiovin, Surolan, Otovedin. For the removal of inflammation used "Sulfuric ointment" and "colloidal sulfur."

“Dander” or cheilosis is caused by mites of the genus Cheyletiella. Animals get dandruff along the spinal line. Cats experience severe itching and start rolling on their backs, trying to calm it. The disease is diagnosed only in veterinary clinics.

The treatment is carried out with special injectable preparations: “Pyrethrin”, “Fipronil”. Additionally, animal hair is treated with anti-seboric shampoos. In long-haired cats, you must first cut the wool.

Feed intolerance

Food allergies are one of the most common allergic reactions in animals. It may develop during the transfer of the cat to another diet. Symptoms of the disease: loose stools, urticaria, vomiting, nausea, sneezing, coughing, itching. In some cases, manifested eosinophilic granuloma - nodules in the mouth and lips. In the most severe cases, anaphylactic shock may occur. The first thing to do is to cancel the feed that caused the reaction. Further treatment should be carried out under the supervision of a physician.

To relieve itching, antihistamines can be prescribed: Suprastin, Tavegil, Stop Itch. Depending on the severity of the disease, it is prescribed: hormones, probiotics, immunomodulators, hepatitis and gastroprotectors, vitamins. The affected skin is treated with antibacterial ointments.

Atopic dermatitis

One of the types of allergies that are caused by irritating external factors: pollen, dust, synthetic detergents. If a cat has hair on its withers or has bald patches on the abdomen, on the ears, or between the thighs - one of the possible diagnoses will be atopic dermatitis. Accurate diagnosis should conduct a veterinarian.

In the course of the development of the disease, baldness is progressing, there may be pustules on the skin, itching. The doctor may prescribe a broad spectrum of antimicrobial drugs in combination with antihistamine drugs ("Chlorpheniramine", "Clemastil").

Miliary dermatitis

It can occur as a result of fungal skin lesions, infection with worms, due to autoimmune disorders, or a reaction to allergens. Symptoms: active skin loss and small rash. Animals experience severe itching in their lesions. The diagnosis is made on the basis of a comprehensive laboratory examination of the cat. In severe cases, biopsy is prescribed.

The treatment plan is determined by the doctor on the basis of the diagnosis. First of all, the cause that caused the dermatitis is eliminated, then maintenance therapy is carried out.

Preventive actions

In the complex of preventive measures for the prevention of skin diseases in cats must be present:

  1. Regular visits to the vet.
  2. Timely treatment with antiparasitic and anthelmintic drugs. Use flea collars.
  3. Control over the quality of food. It is unacceptable to feed a cat feed economy class.
  4. Observance of hygiene of premises in which there are animals. The cat bowl and tray should be kept clean.

If your pet has at least one of the signs of skin pathology, it should be immediately shown to the doctor.

Types of skin diseases in cats

There are a number of diseases that cats are prone to. However, in different conditions, the symptoms may manifest themselves in different ways. Consider the most common:

  1. Ringworm,
  2. Acne
  3. Scabies,
  4. Bedsores
  5. Demodecosis,
  6. Miliary dermatitis,
  7. Allergy,
  8. Eczema.

Diseases of the skin of cats may differ in damaging factors. As well as treatment methods. For timely help, the kitten is best to know what you are facing. Many diseases are easy to identify using the description of diseases of diseases in cats.


One of the infectious skin diseases in cats is ringworm. It has a fungal nature and is dangerous to all animals and people. The fungus can be easily transferred from one animal to another.. Contagion through common toys or a bowl, and it is quite possible brought controversy on shoes or clothing. Therefore, if your cat does not go for a walk, it does not guarantee her protection from the disease.

Опаснее всего лишай для котят и молодых животных, так как у них еще не сформировалась иммунная система и они подвержены большинству инфекций.

В группу риска попадают и кошки недавно перенесшие тяжелые болезни. А также питомцы, получающие некачественное и плохо сбалансированное питание.

Lichen is characterized by small, round, bald specks on the cat's skin. In the center of which the skin is red and flakes. The most common lichen begins in the head, pet's tail and limbs, as well as damage to the skin of the ears. The animal begins to actively comb and lick them, thereby contributing to the spread of spores throughout the skin.

The disease is diagnosed in a veterinary clinic. After carrying out a number of procedures, such as:

  • Inspection of a cat under ultraviolet.
  • Analysis of scraping from the skin.
  • Sowing fungal culture.
  • Visual examination by a doctor.

If you identify the disease in its initial stages, the treatment will not take much time. A pet's health will not cause serious harm. With a small number of spots (lesions), Enough to use ointments from the fungus and antiseptic. In a more severe form, the cat will have to take antibiotics and inject vaccines.

As a preventive measure, kittens and adult animals are given annual vaccinations. Especially those who are in groups. Pay attention to the diet and quality of nutrition of your pet. Poor quality food and violation of the rules of pet care - can cause his illness.

Due to improper care of the pet, or after suffering severe stress, the cat may develop acne. These are small ulcers and ulcers on the cat's skin. Able to develop into foci of severe inflammation.

The disease, which is contagious in nature, provokes a microscopic mite. The cat is tormented by severe itching, it combs the skin, which leads to the appearance of wounds and purulent abscesses on the body. Pet becomes irritable and restless.

Initially, ticks appear at the head and neck. Then, actively multiplying, spread throughout the body. At risk, first of all, weak animals. As well as young individuals with not yet formed immunity.

At the first signs of the disease - contact your veterinarian immediately. Taking the scrapings and examining the cat, he will diagnose and prescribe treatment. When scabies are confirmed, the animal is urgently isolated. Pet washed and shorn wool. The course of treatment consists of antibiotics, drugs for parasites and vitamin complexes to strengthen the immune system.

There are pressure sores as a result of prolonged lying in one position. For example, if the cat was sick or suffered a serious injury. As a result, the skin in this place begins to rot and die. Most often, pressure sores are found in aged animals and leading a sedentary lifestyle.

The treatment of such foci consists of surface disinfection and ointment treatment (Levomekol). And also the animal must be shifted so that the skin is not damaged. Periodically change the position of the cat, in order to quickly heal and prevent the appearance of new lesions.

In no case should a bandage or patch be applied. The skin must remain open to improve regeneration and speedy healing.

A skin parasite like a tick infects a cat. The disease develops very rapidly. After a bite, the tick gets under the pet's skin and actively reproduces. Painful blisters and redness appear on the skin. Ticks themselves are not dangerous, but their decay products infect the body and kill the animal's immune system.

To diagnose a skin disease, can - only a veterinarian. The cat is being treated for parasites, given vitamin complexes and treated wounds with ointment. However, the problem is that demodicosis is not treated. You can stop the disease and eliminate the acute form. But at the slightest deviation in the body of the pet - the disease will return. Most often it is hereditary. If you caught a pet with such a disease, you will have to carefully monitor the diet and often see a doctor.

Parasitic or flea

When a cat is bitten by a flea, saliva is released into the body of the animal and can cause an allergic reaction. It is worth noting that fleas are present in many animals, but they do not develop dermatitis. This is due to the sensitivity of some individuals to the components of the parasite's saliva. Most often the disease develops in kittens and cats up to three years. The animal combs the bite spots and sores and boils appear. Such dermatitis is treated by getting rid of fleas and preventing reinfection.

One type of dermatitis, but has a slightly different form of infection. It is also called atopic dermatitis. Such a disease is caused by external factors. Such as dust, plant pollen or mold. It may well occur even on the perfume mistress. In cats, skin disorders of a chronic nature are observed.

The animal actively combs the skin, rashes, severe itching and hair loss may occur. This type of dermatitis is mainly seasonal, and cats are subject to it for up to three years.

The diagnosis is made by the veterinarian, after the tests. First of all, the cat is protected from the allergen and prescribed a course to relieve the inflammatory process. This is usually sufficient, if the pet does not have contact with the pathogen, then the dermatitis will not resume. However, it so happens that the pet can not be protected from an allergen. Then most often, the treatment will be carried out all his life.

The disease is absolutely versatile, it can appear from the incorrect wearing of a collar or against the background of an existing exacerbation. Eczemas are wet and dry, and also have an acute or chronic form.

Problems with the skin of a cat can occur for the following reasons:

  • Internal diseases,
  • Unbalanced nutrition
  • Injuries and bites
  • Severe contamination of the skin surface,
  • Allergy,
  • Metabolic disease,
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Genetic (hereditary) predisposition.

At the first signs of eczema, redness and itching appear on the cat's skin. If you touch such stains, they feel hot to the touch. The animal is actively combing the lesion sites, damaging the skin. Microbes and bacteria get into scratches. As a result, bubbles filled with liquid are formed on the skin surface. If eczema is dry, the bubble will burst and dry.. The skin will be covered with a crust, which will begin to peel off. In the case of wet eczema, the bubbles burst, the contents leak and the skin becomes infected with purulent bacteria. Ulcers begin to form.

The skin in such places is swollen and a foul odor emanates from the cat. Wet eczema is treated quite easily if it is detected at the initial stage. However, it proceeds in an acute form. Since dry is much more difficult, it usually occurs in a chronic form. The disease can return if the owner of the animal does not follow the advice of a veterinarian.

The veterinarian cuts off the hair near the foci of infection. The skin is treated with an antiseptic solution and ointment. The animal is given antibiotics and sedatives. Vitamin complexes and immunity enhancement agents are added to the diet.

Causes of skin diseases

Diseases of the skin in cats are very common. The reasons for their appearance are many. The main task of the owners is to notice the unusual behavior of the pet (nervousness, scratching, refusal to eat) and consult a doctor.

The most common causes of illness are:

  • Bad ecology,
  • Sedentary pet lifestyle,
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Malnutrition,
  • Refusal from the prevention of parasites and vaccinations,
  • Violation of hormonal background.

Treatment and prevention of skin diseases

Only a specialist can determine the symptoms and treatment of skin diseases in cats. Therefore, contacting the vet, you must strictly follow his instructions. From the moment the diagnosis is made, the animal must be kept under constant supervision. Do not isolate the pet, the stress resulting from loneliness will only aggravate the course of the disease.

Treat your pet prescribed drugs and monitor his health. Under no circumstances should a sick cat be allowed outside. Otherwise, it will infect other animals.

Preventive measures are fairly simple. Proper and balanced nutrition. Do not save on the cat, and do not buy the cheapest feed. Periodically show your pet to the veterinarian and carry out the prevention of parasites. Required vaccination courses every yearwill help protect the cat from most of the possible diseases and ailment that affects the skin and not only. Always keep in mind the simple rules of hygiene of the room and the animal itself.

By following the simple rules of care for a kitten, you can avoid the majority of unpleasant and dangerous diseases. Prevention and timely assistance - the key to rapid recovery and minimal consequences.

Fungal otitis

The disease is an inflammation of the external auditory canal. The development of fungal otitis occurs due to a weakened immune system. Pet shakes his head and scratches his ear.

Ears quickly and strongly redden. When studying the ear with the help of an otoscope, there is a strong inflammation of the skin and many deposits of fungal rock.

Every day, you need to clear the accumulated secretions of the ear with napkins and cotton buds. After you need to handle them with antiseptics on alcohol.

Ear Ticks

Ear mites result from improper care. Symptoms: scratching, offensive odor from the ears, dark gray discharge, redness of the skin of the ears, temperature increase.

Treatment can begin after a visit to the vet. Apply various aerosols (on the basis of Dermatozol or Tsiodrin), drops (Leopard, Tsipam, Amitrazin) and ointment (Nikohloran, Fenotiazin). Dark discharge should be removed with a soft cotton cloth or cotton wool.

Psychogenic Alopecia

Due to the careful and prolonged licking of cats, bald spots can appear. This behavior means that the pet has a stressful state. Sometimes baldness occurs due to allergies and fungal diseases.

First you need to check your pet for the presence of parasites and make sure there is no hypersensitivity to external stimuli.

Therapy is to eliminate the factors that caused the emotional distress in the cat. Sometimes a mechanical barrier is required that limits the pet in licking.

Lice and Fleas

Lice and fleas are small insects that feed on blood and the top layer of skin. If the case is running, they can not be overlooked on the pet. Favorite localization - a place near the tail and head.

At an early stage, there is a noticeable accumulation of black matter, the product of flea. Also, the pet has itching, hair loss, skin redness, wound formation.

Lice are removed with a special shampoo. Fleas are derived by treatment of items with which the pet contacts, carriers, bedding, and all carpets in the house.

Allergies are usually due to parasites. Symptoms: baldness of certain areas, itching, spots of different colors. Allergies will disappear after removing fleas after 5-6 weeks.

Also, allergies can be due to external irritants and feed. The treatment in this case is complicated because it is not easy to identify the allergen. As a local antiallergic well help shampoos with hydrocortisone.

They give an instant, but short-term effect. Hydrocortisone ointments are used when pets have itching. They are applied to small areas inaccessible for licking.

Tail gland hyperplasia

If the tail gland has enhanced hyperplasia, an excessive accumulation of sebaceous secretions appears. It stands out and envelops the wool at the growth point, blocking its further development. Because of this, she falls out of hair, there are areas of baldness.

Therapy involves monitoring the problem area. Cats can help castration.

In elderly cats, single tumors can form under the skin. Therapy is surgery.

White-eared cats can have skin cancer. Symptoms: change in appearance of a certain skin area, darkening, bumps. Depending on the type of cancer, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgical intervention can be applied. The main thing is to consult a doctor in time.

List of skin diseases in cats

There is a whole range of skin diseases that are diversified and manifest themselves in absolutely different ways. Skin lesions can be triggered by a variety of reasons - hereditary, man-made, infectious, even the usual change of diet can cause a rash on the body.

Some types of skin diseases are unexpressed, which is why a pet can suffer for a long time. In order to prescribe a suitable treatment in a timely manner, you should familiarize yourself with the main clinical signs of certain skin ailments.

Skin parasites

One of the causes of lesions on the skin is the presence of ectoparasites, among which the most common are fleas. During the bite, they inject saliva into the wound that causes itching. The animal begins to comb the bite site, bringing the infection inside, which causes the inflammatory process. He begins to fall wool, the skin turns red and covered with wounds.

For treatment, it is necessary to treat the animal's coat with anti-parasitic preparations, as well as to disinfect the pet's habitat. To relieve itching, prescribe antihistamines and hormones.

Attention. We should not forget that fleas are the carriers of helminths and are able to infect an animal through a normal bite. Therefore, along with treatment for flea infection, the animal must be dewormed in a timely manner.

Learn more about this disease, like flea dermatitis cats.

Allergic skin diseases

Allergic reactions are the result of inadequate response of the cat's immune system to ingestion of foreign substances. The cause of allergies can be anything: a certain component of the feed, household chemicals, plant pollen, synthetic fabrics, dust in the house, etc. When exposed to an allergen, there is a hyperemia of the skin, the presence of inflamed areas, severe itching, hair loss and an increase in body temperature.

Important. The long-lasting effect of the allergen is fraught with the development of atopic dermatitis, eosinophilic granuloma and asthmatic syndrome.

Therapy for allergic reactions includes taking antihistamines to relieve itching, hormonal agents and antibiotics for urgent needs. To alleviate the condition of the pet using medicated shampoos and decoctions of herbs.

Ear mite

The ear tick Otodektes is parasitic in the ear canals of an animal, often due to improper care. The disease is manifested by severe itching, scratching, unpleasant smell from the ears and dark gray secretions. The skin in the affected areas turns red, the body temperature rises, the animal constantly shakes its head and scratches its ears. Because of the unbearable itch, cats can scratch their huge wounds behind their ears.

The progression of the disease is fraught with inflammation of the outer ear, which is able to go on average, which in turn is dangerous imbalance. In such a situation, the animal will constantly keep its head to the side. Sometimes the infection reaches the parotid space, causing severe inflammation.

Treatment for ear mites includes the systematic cleaning of the ear canals and the use of acaricidal drops.

Learn more about the common disease - cats ’ear mite.

Cushing's syndrome

Cushing's syndrome (or hyperadrenocorticism) is an extremely rare disease that develops as a result of an excessive amount of the hormone cortisol in the body. An overabundance of cortisol can occur when a large number of corticosteroids are taken by mouth, in place or by injection, with tumors of the adrenal cortex, as well as as a result of pituitary disease.

In Cushing's syndrome, the following phenomena are observed:

  • increased thirst and increased urination,
  • voracity,
  • enlarged abdomen,
  • amyotrophy,
  • lethargy,
  • hair loss
  • thinning of the skin.

In the treatment of this serious disease, Trilostan is usually used to suppress cortisol production. In some cases, it may be necessary to remove the adrenal gland or pituitary gland, as well as radiation radiation therapy for a pituitary tumor.

Sarcoptosis is a disease caused by microscopic mites of the genus Sarcoptes, parasitizing the skin of domestic animals. It is more common in dogs.

Important. Sarcoptes mites belong to the category of parasites transmitted from cats to humans. Turning to human skin, they are not able to multiply and die. Despite this, entering into contact with an infected animal, the owner risks getting pseudo-scabies with characteristic signs in the form of rash, redness and itching. Symptoms persist for up to 4 months.

The clinical picture of sarkoptosis is similar to other diseases: the affected areas dry and cause itching, later on these places the hair falls off, and the scabs form unattractive ulcers.

In the fight against ticks, Sarcoptes have well recommended Stronghold drops, which are applied to the withers of the animal.

We offer to read the article about the disease of cats sarcoptosis.

Notoedrosis is another parasitic disease caused by ticks of the Notoedres cat genus.

The symptoms of this disease include:

  • severe itching
  • на мордочке, ушах, животе и паховой области наблюдаются пузырьки, которые после расчесывания покрываются корочками,
  • выпадение шерсти, зачастую в местах сосредоточения корочек,
  • при прогрессировании болезни кожа утолщается, сохнет и трескается – как следствие раны открывают ворота инфекциям (бактериям, грибкам и вирусам).

The therapy of notohedrosis includes bathing with acaricidal and keratolytic shampoos, as well as local application of drugs (Demos, aversectin ointment, neocidol water emulsion, sulfuric ointment, Stronghold).

Good afternoon, and health to your pets! About a month ago my aged cat had irritations on the skin. It was thought that one hundred stress due to the temporary stay at our Mopps, plus hormones or feed ... it would take place to think. Then, suddenly, the cat did not eat or drink anything for 2..3 days, they even thought that everything, not a tenant, but after washing, forcedly feeding on feeding at first literally from a finger, went out. We decided that a feline micro-stroke. Then, on the contrary, the feeling of satiety disappeared, began to eat for two. Irritations increased. They stroked, slept nearby ... and we could not understand what was happening. That antistress it, then anti-itch, then wash my. Who would have thought that a purely domestic cat from where there appeared fleas and lice. I saw a flea by chance on an open notebook, looked in the wool, and there louse. That's the whole secret. But from this and allergies and dermatitis, etc. Such a simple explanation turned out to be. In the pharmacy they gave expensive drops, which are applied once between paddles and all on the tiles for 2 ... 3 days die, and the means for processing the room. Looks like it does! The cat did not behave very well, but it turns out she was so attracted attention.