In comparison with other chickens, broilers have a number of undeniable advantages. This bird is able to gain very large weight. Moreover, the increase in muscle mass in her is observed as soon as possible. Even the word "broiler" in translation from English means "meat on a spit" or "grilled meat." Rapid weight gain is thus the main advantage of broiler chickens. Growing, feeding and caring for this bird, however, is quite complicated. At the very least, it is harder to maintain than the same layers. Many farmers call this bird a "greenhouse chicken."
What factors should be considered
To grow chickens of this variety is thus much more difficult than the same hens or even poultry meat breeds. In order to get good results when breeding broilers, the farmer should take care to:
- acquired youngsters were not a mixture, but a real broiler,
- in the room in which chickens are kept, the air temperature always remained stable,
- the poultry diet was balanced
- chickens were getting food on time
- the house was always warm and dry.
Ways to keep broilers
This bird is raised for meat. And therefore usually contain it directly in the barn. That is, if they let out broilers, it is very rare. Caring for broilers at home may involve the use of both outdoor and cellular methods of maintenance. Both of these technologies have both advantages and disadvantages. In the cages, chickens gain more weight. But most often farmers grow broilers by the floor method. This technology is good, above all, in terms of ease of care and the absence of significant material costs at the initial stage.
So, success in such an enterprise as broiler care and cultivation depends, first of all, on the quality of the acquired young. The best meat hybrids today are:
- Cobb-500 (maximum weight 3.6 kg),
- Ross-308 (5.5 kg),
- arbor eikers (3-4 kg)
- Hubbard (3.2 kg).
To buy chickens of any hybrid should only be from a trusted supplier. Otherwise, you can easily run into a fake. It is best to buy young at any large poultry farm. You can also buy an incubation egg. In this case, the risk of forgery will be minimal.
What temperature should be in the house
At this figure when growing broilers should pay special attention. Meat hybrids - the bird is rather frail and easily forgives. Chicken broilers will receive proper care only if there is a brooder on the farm. In this device, chicks are kept in the first week of life. The temperature of the air in the brooder is set at 30 C.
Starting from the second week and up to the age of 14 days, this figure is gradually reduced by 2-4 C. In the third week of the life of the young in the poultry house, the temperature is kept at 22-24 C. From the month until the slaughter, the figure is reduced to 20 C.
In the house for broilers should arrange two zones - the shadow, in which they will rest and lit with feeders.
Broiler chickens, growing and care: what should be the diet
At the initial stage, chickens of this variety are usually fed with special starter mixtures intended specifically for broilers. Ordinary millet and boiled egg can also be used for this purpose. On the second day after hatching, each chicken should receive in this case one drop of trivitamin. This will allow to reduce the lunge, which among chicks of meat hybrids is usually significant.
Broilers, care in the first days for which should be especially careful, need and succulent feed. Greens and vegetables to these chickens can be given as early as the fifth day. At this age, the young stock also consumes cottage cheese, yogurt, soft food waste. Some homeowners feed small and young broilers with boiled potatoes. But experienced farmers advise to do it as carefully as possible. A large number of cooked potatoes in hybrids often causes inversion of the intestines with a fatal outcome. Corn to chickens of this variety is usually offered for the first time on the 11th day.
From the second week to slaughter, broilers are fed, therefore, with hanks and concentrates. At the finish, the number of the last cut. At the same time, more succulent feed is introduced into the diet of the bird.
Broiler care: what you need to know
Green mixture in broiler feeders poured as much as they can eat in 30-40 minutes. In no case should they sour the mash. Otherwise, broilers can catch some infection. The same goes for drinkers. Water chickens should be changed after each feeding. At the same time, it is necessary to use a warm one (about 20 C). Small chickens should add a little potassium permanganate to the drinking bowl to protect against infection.
The ratio of feed / water for growing broilers should be about 1: 7.
Features of growing broiler chickens
In order for broiler breeds and crosses to fulfill their purpose, they need competent care and a carefully selected diet. If the bird is not used for procreation, broiler chickens are usually raised at home for no longer than 70 days. Then the bird gains physiological weight gain, but feed consumption remains at the same level, which means that the benefit from such livestock drops sharply.
The focus of the poultry farmer in growing broiler chickens is the care and feeding of poultry. Both need to be adjusted from the first day of the chicks staying on the farm, since the delay often becomes the cause, if not the death, as well as the weakening, lagging in growth and pain of the livestock.
In the backyard, broilers are settled in poultry houses on a deep bedding or cellular contents are used.
In the first case, the room for broilers should be protected from external weather factors, and the floors should be warm and dry. As a litter it is most convenient to use sawdust, which is pre-dried well. You can take other materials that provide constant dryness, cleanliness and looseness of the floor covering.
Before settling chicks:
With this method of growing broiler chickens, a square meter should have no more than 12–18 birds per square meter.
As long as the broilers are small, and their own thermoregulation is imperfect, they need an increased air temperature of about 26–33 ° C. After 20 days, the air in the house can be cooled to 18–19 ° C. It is important to ensure that the bird is comfortable, otherwise it is too cold, and excessively warm air adversely affects the growth and well-being of the chicks. Neglecting the rules of poultry housing threatens to get acquainted with the symptoms of diseases of broiler chickens and the treatment of poorly growing herds.
Growing up in cages, especially a multi-layered structure, allows you to significantly save the area of the house, simplify its hygienic processing and control the feeding of the chicks. At the same time, the temperature and humidity conditions, as well as the average daily feed intake rates are similar to the content on the litter.
The cultivation, care and feeding of broiler chickens are greatly influenced by cell or poultry lighting. In the daytime the bird actively eats and moves. The darker the room, the more sluggish the growth of chicks.
Therefore, within 14 days from the moment of birth, the chicks are organized around the clock coverage, and then gradually switch to the natural mode.
Feeding broiler chickens at home
However, it is not enough to create suitable conditions for the chickens and provide them with the proper amount of feed. For the early receipt of large, well-fed birds, it is important to choose a balanced, age-oriented diet.
How to feed broiler chickens? This question is the most relevant for all novice and experienced poultry farmers who have not previously encountered the rearing of such birds. In household farms often use the use of wet and dry self-made food.
The first weeks of the chicks staying at the farmstead are fed with wet mash on the basis of boiled eggs, millet, crushed oats and wheat, which make up a little more than half of the total feed volume consumed. From 3 weeks of age, boiled potatoes are introduced into the menu, replacing them with no more than one fifth of the cereals.
We should not forget about protein feed, which lay the active growth of muscle and bone mass. To this end, the bird is given cottage cheese, yogurt, reverse and other dairy products. The source of animal protein from 10 days of age becomes fish and meat and bone meal. These products should be given first at 5–7 grams per day per head, and then double the consumption.
Feeding broiler chickens at home involves the use of protein-rich vegetable products, including cake from sunflower seeds, all sorts of meal, crushed seeds of legumes.
From three days of age, green broiler chickens are needed. In spring and summer time - this is a juicy grass, tops of garden crops, chopped carrots, 3-5 grams per chicken. In the cold period, when there is not enough fresh greens, grass meal of no more than 2–5 grams and sprouts of barley or other cereals are introduced into the diet.
A surplus of grass meal in feed can cause diarrhea in broiler chickens, the treatment of which involves the mandatory correction of the menu, the use of antibiotics and other drugs.
To prevent digestive problems, broilers are given:
- every other day, as a drink, a pink solution of potassium permanganate,
- fine gravel with a diameter of not more than 5 mm, which activates the work of the intestine and improves the digestion of grain and other feed for broiler chickens.
From 5 days the bird is given a crushed shell, but not sand, and chalk at the rate of 2-3 grams per chick. Mineral feed and gravel do not mix with other components of the diet and poured into separate containers, which are always in the house.
Clean water at room temperature in the house should be constantly. To exclude the development of pathogenic flora and the development of intestinal and other infections, the dishes are regularly washed and disinfected.
For better growth and as a preventive measure, with the first symptoms and the treatment of broiler chickens, young chickens are given vitamin supplements. From the fifth day on the menu, they use the oil solutions of vitamins A, D, and E, avoiding an overdose of the drugs used.
How many times a day and how to feed broiler chickens at home? A lifelong bird should not suffer from food shortages. The first 7 days of chickens should receive food at least 8 times a day, then the bird is fed every four hours. In the third week, the number of meals is brought to four, and from one month of age, broilers are fed in the morning and evening.
All wet food for broiler chickens is prepared so that the bird eats them for 30–40 minutes.
If the bags are kept warm longer, it is possible:
- sour products,
- insect insect eggs,
- development of pathogenic microflora.
All these factors most often become the cause of broiler chickens for diarrhea, the treatment of which weakens the population and reduces the growth rate.
Use of feed for broiler chickens
In order to intensify weight gain, today ready-made and self-made compound feeds are used that fully meet the physiological needs of the bird. Such a diet gives especially good results in the first four weeks.
Ready-made feed for broiler chickens vary in particle size and composition. Most often resort to a three-stage system of feed, which is designed for all ages of chickens from birth to slaughter.
Although such mixtures are more expensive than homemade mixers, they significantly improve the performance of growing stock, simplify the care of broiler chickens, their growing and feeding, as well as the control of food consumption.
At the initial stage the compound feed helps to strengthen the immunity, to create all the prerequisites for good health and rapid growth of the bird. To this end, the amount of mineral additives in the diet increases, the ration is built on easily arranged components.
During active growth, compound feed for broiler chickens is a source of protein, calcium, vitamins and fats, which ensure rapid growth of the backbone and increase in muscle mass. Before slaughter, use finishing mixtures to increase fatness.
Growing broiler chickens in cages - video
Thus, they require exact observance of the feeding time for the broiler chickens. This indicator also depends on the age of the hybrid. Feed broilers:
- in the first week - 8 times a day,
- the second - 6 times
- third - 4 times.
Starting from 4 weeks before slaughter, the number of feedings is reduced to 2 per day.
Growing broiler chicken is very, accelerated, as it lasts from seven to eight weeks, which is very fast. During this time, the young broiler is gaining in weight from one and a half to two and a half kilograms. With careful and proper bird care in one year, one or even two lots of broiler poultry can be grown, even if we consider the presence of a small farm.
Broiler breeds of chickens have a very large purpose, in connection with which they need to properly care and monitor the timely supply of the necessary food. In the case of broiler chicken not grown for further development of the breed, the care for them lasts no more than seventy days, since after this time they actually cease to gain weight, which is connected with the physiology of broiler chickens.
Care for broilers and their feed are the main conditions for breeding a broiler breed of birds. Both of these aspects need to be adjusted from the very first day of the arrival of the broiler chickens, because if you do not start in a timely manner look after behind them, the weakening of the birds, the disease, to the point that the chickens will begin to die.
In the household broiler breeds, poultry is settled in special, equipped poultry houses, on deep bedding, or kept in cages.
Home care for broiler chicken in the house
If the poultry farmer chose to care for broilers, the maintenance of which is carried out in the poultry house, it must be taken into account that the place for the chicken must be covered from the influence of climatic conditions on it, and it is also necessary that the floors be dry and warm. For litter used sawdust, which is pre-dried. But you can use other materials that will provide dryness and warmth for the bird.
Population of domestic broiler chickens
In order to settle the chickens, you must do the following preliminary procedures:
- disinfecting and drying work is being done in the house,
- the floor covering is covered with quickened lime (one layer is enough) when calculating from 0.5 to 1 kilogram per square meter,
- next begins a layer of sawdust, which should be ten centimeters,
- It is important to choose a regularly ventilated room as a house.
- must be maintained at a special temperature for domestic birds, which is twenty-six degrees,
- for daily broiler breeds, round-the-clock light supply should be adjusted.
With the above content of broiler poultry in the house should be no more than twelve - eighteen broilers per square meter of the total area of the room. For such species, an elevated temperature (within 26-33 degrees) is necessary, due to the fact that small broilers have an imperfect natural flow. heat. With a lapse of twenty days, the air temperature in the room can be cooled from eighteen to nineteen degrees. If you do not implement these rules in birds, diseases can begin to manifest, and therefore, you will have to treat domestic birds, in which growth is significantly slowed.
Chicken Broiler Cage Care Terms
If you care and feed broiler chickens in cages, this will greatly save the area of the house itself, make it easier to process it with hygienic means, and exercise careful control over the delivery of timely stern the birds.
The growth, care and feeding of such a bird is greatly influenced by the presence of the necessary cell illumination or the placement of the house. When it is light outside, broiler chickens are actively moving and feeding. If the small domestic broilers do not have enough light, this will affect the growth, which will begin to slow down significantly.
The implementation of feeding broiler chickens at home
Creation of favorable conditions for birds and timely feeding of broiler breed is not enough for full growth, and the main factor will be the selection of a balanced nutrition of birds, given their age. Многие задаются уместным для этого случая вопросом: Какую пищу следует давать цыплятам бройлера? При ведении приусадебного типа хозяйства птицеводы самостоятельно разрабатывают diet для бройлерных пород, включающих самостоятельное их приготовление, с применением как сухих, так и влажных видов кормления.
Каким должен быть расход корма
Уход за цыплятами бройлерами, помимо всего прочего, предполагает разработку для них достаточно разнообразного рациона. A farmer should take care that the bird receives the amount of nutrients it needs. About the approximate consumption of feed for one chicken of one or another age can be found in the table below.
Feed rate (gram)
Possible increase (grams)
Weekly feeding broiler chickens
The diet of such poultry species is calculated weekly, and starting from certain weeks, something new is introduced into their feeding. Consider how is it carried out:
- In the first week after the arrival of a batch of broiler chickens, their feed is represented by wet mash potatoes, which are based on boiled eggs, millet, crushed oats and wheat, which make up exactly half of the food consumed.
- Starting from three weeks, boiled potatoes are introduced into the ration of broiler chickens, which will replace no more than one fifth of the grain. Necessary food containing protein, which is an active component for the growth of muscles and bones of domestic broilers. To achieve this kind of growth goal, the diet of broiler breeds must include cottage cheese, yogurt, and other dairy products. To enrich the poultry, which is ten days old, with protein, fish meal and meat and bone and bone products are used. Such components should first be given five or seven grams per day for one broiler chicken, and then give this kind of food in a double volume.
Also, while feeding, chickens in conditions of personal homestead farming use products of plant origin, enriched with protein, which include cake from sunflower seeds, a variety of meal and crushed bean seeds.
Upon reaching the age of three days need green food. In spring and summer, you should pick juicy grass, tops of crops from the garden, chop carrots finely and give it from three to five grams per broiler chicken.
When cold occurs, during the period when fresh grass is picked, it is not possible, in feeding broiler poultry are injected with grass flour, but not more than two to five grams per broiler chicken. Barley sprouts and other cereals are also included.
But do not overdo it with grass meal, since its oversupply will cause diarrhea in broiler chicken, whose treatment will take place with the procedure for correcting food intake, which will include antibiotics and other types of drugs.
Broilers - the result of targeted breeding work on the breeding of a hybrid for the rapid production of high-quality dietary meat products.
Chickens broilers KOBB-500
Most popular at Russian poultry farmers, broilers of KOBB-500, ROSSy-38, 708, Gibro-6, Broiler-61, M. Cross Smena and Hubbard F 15 crosses.
It is safer to buy broiler chickens in reputable private farms and specialized incubator stations. As a rule, chickens purchased from such producers are viable, active and already vaccinated against major diseases.
Price of broilers offered by large poultry farms below, but there is a vicious practice in the sale by factories of culled weak stock.
The cost of chickens varies depending on age, breed, region, time of year from 35 to 95 rubles Per head.
Experienced poultry farmers, who know the finer points of housing and have equipped areas for growing, prefer to buy cheaper daily chickens.
Broiler chickens with plumage
For beginners it is recommended to acquire young animals at the age of 5-10 days, since it is easier to care for them.
Healthy, viable broiler chickens are selected by following features:
- Chickens are active, mobile, react to sounds, with good appetite.
- Clear eyes with glitter.
- Soft tummies.
- Little wings tightly pressed to the calf.
- Feathers on cockerel wings of the same length.
- The absence of kala on plumage.
- Smooth downiness, without "shreds".
On average, about 4 kg of feed is used to produce commercial birds. In the first two weeks the chicken gets 35-38 g of feed per day, the daily rate from two to four weeks will be 100 g, then 150 g.
The most effective for growing in home or farm content recognized combined feeding. With the constant availability of feed in the feeders twice a day, the birds are given wet food, the grain is poured overnight.
All for combined feeding
- Dry industrial feed. In the selection of finished feed is recommended to carefully study the composition, quality. Most of the feed produced in Russia and the near abroad do not comply with the accepted state standards.
- Dry food from grains of wheat, corn, barley, pulses, mill grains and legumes.
- To reduce the cost of production at private farmsteads successfully use food waste - dairy (reverse, whey, yogurt, cottage cheese), fish, meat, fruit (apple, pear, banana and others), garden products (small root vegetables, frozen potatoes). Feed harmful insects and their larvae (May and Colorado beetles).
- Zelenka - nettle, alfalfa, clover, dandelions in the crushed form, tops of the peel, carrot pulp, beets, zucchini, pumpkin, cabbage leaves.
- Supplements - vitamin complex supplements, meat and bone and fish meal, eggshells, shell rock, table salt.
- Wet mash.
In the drinkers should always be clean, fresh water. Should be respected temperature condition:
- Chickens 1-3 days life is watered with water t +33 С °.
- On 4-7 days t +30 С °.
- From the 8th day life weekly reduce the temperature of the water by 2 °.
- Stop on t +20 С °
It differs in periods of physiological development of broilers.
- Starting, primary diet (up to 2 weeks of age).
- Fattening (in the period of active development and growth).
- Finishing with a lower percentage of protein (grown young, adult bird before slaughter).
At the age of up to 5 days Chickens receive either growth ready feed, or feed containing up to 50% saturated with carbohydrates and proteins. These include cereal mixtures (crushed grain of wheat and corn, boiled millet, barley and oats without films), wet mash.
From the 2nd day finely chopped chicken eggs are introduced into the diet of chicks. Two boiled eggs for 50 chickens are enough. They give quail eggs, cottage cheese, vitamins A, E, D3 in the form of a preparation of the type Trivitamin.
Feeding frequency during this period, every two hours, at least 5, preferably 8 times per day.
With dry feeding enough 3-4 times. Morning feeding is carried out as early as possible, evening as late as possible.
At the age of one week ration enrich. As an anti-silver agent for 5-7 days in the flour mixture, wet mash is added at 0.1-0.2 grams per chicken fish oil. Gradually, carrot, a gruel of nettle leaves, dandelions, chalk chalk, shell rock or hardened egg shells, fish waste, utilization meat are gradually introduced into the diet.
Poultry farmers with experience recommend breeding mash milk derivatives, give chickens a small amount of boiled potatoes, sunflower seeds, soy cakes, corn, wheat flour (mill grains without special cleaning).
Feeding frequency - 6 times a day. With a balanced diet to the monthly age of broiler chickens gaining weight 500-700 g
Weakened chickens support raw yolk stirred in milk. The yolk is introduced into the beak with a pipette 8 times per day. On day 11 Chicks should feed on their own.
What is needed to prevent problems with the digestion of a broiler chicken?
In order to avoid further problems with poultry boilers, you should follow these steps: the rules:
- It is necessary to give a solution of manganese as a drink.
- It is necessary to give gravel, the diameter of which should not exceed five millimeters. It is used to improve the functions of the intestines and improve the digestion of grain crops and other broiler feed.
Following such simple rules of care and feeding of broiler breed chickens, you will keep them healthy, which will ensure further rapid growth of the poultry, and in future will provide excellent meat for cooking using the meat product obtained from the broiler chicken. The main thing is to study all aspects that are worth paying attention to in order to avoid the appearance of all sorts of health problems with a broiler.
At the age of one month, broiler chickens are transferred to protein-rich food.
Mixes from a mixture of equal parts of crushed corn, wheat, peas, barley, diluted with meat broth, add more fish and meat waste, meat and bone, fish, herbal flour, dairy products, green mass. Welcome peanut and sunflower oilcakes, germinated grain.
In the diet of monthly young animals, the presence of baker's yeast - at least 2 g daily per head, fish oil, ready-made dry vitamin mixtures. In the winter they also give vitamin D.
Feed needs to be updated every 2 hours; it must be fresh, not weathered.
In the summer, provide the opportunity to receive 50 percent or more of the daily rate grass feed. This not only reduces the cost of maintenance, but also increases the immunity of the young, nutritional and taste value of meat.
Feeding frequency 7-8 times.
Immediately before slaughter, the broilers are transferred to finish food.
The transition to a whole grain. How supplements offer brilliant green. Mushrooms diluted with broth, add to them boiled potatoes.
Food stored in tightly closed metal, plastic containers.
When buying ready-made mixtures, feed carefully observed shelf life.
Maintenance and care at home
In the conditions of home, farmer cultivation of broiler chickens, proper maintenance and care. It is necessary to properly equip the premises, to comply with veterinary and zootechnical standards, to show constant care and attention to the young chicks.
Broilers in a grid on a personal plot
Coop, cages, bedding, street
There are two breeding routes broiler chickens: intensive and extensive.
- Intense (production) maintenance consists in restricting the movement of broiler chickens from the moment of hatching with a cage or deep floor bedding and feeding the chickens with complete dry feed.
- With extensive method cultivation, the most appropriate for the peasant or farm, the bird is contained in equipped chicken coops, cages, moves freely along the range, gets a variety of types and composition of food.
With "Free" the maintenance of the bird house is equipped. Daily Chicks and Marketable Poultry Required square at the rate of 12-15 heads on 1 m ².
With cellular Up to 18 broilers are placed per 1 m², but the meat of such birds will be denser and harder. There are several options for cells that are manufactured independently or purchased in finished form. Cells are assembled in the design of the type of cassettes or batteries.
Most poultry farmers prefer floor method growing in a chicken coop on the litter. For this, the floors are covered with sawdust, straw, chips, fibrous peat. To comply with sanitary and hygienic standards regularly remove raw lumps, mix and add filler.
AT summer period growing broiler chicks and adult chickens are released into the fenced range. If the walking is well protected from drafts, for example, previously used window, greenhouse frames, chicks are released on the “weed” from a month of age.
Broiler chickens require strict compliance. temperatures and humidity in places of detention. Humidity throughout the growing period should be in the range of 60-70%.
For heating Household and industrial heaters, infrared lamps are used.
Heating broiler chickens
Daily chicks enclose, limiting their removal from the heat source, maintaining t + 32 ° -35 ° C. From the second week begin a gradual decrease in temperature. 6-10 days old chicks t + 32 ° -30 ° С is required. 11-20 days - t + 28 ° -26 ° С. Beginning from the third week t + 24-20 ° C is required.
Till 5th day in the chicken coop is lit 20-24 hours. AT weekly agewhen chickens begin to distinguish between day and night, they begin to interrupt the lighting for 10-15 minutes every 2 hours, gradually bringing the light day to 16-17 hours.
Feeders and drinkers
Until reaching week old the feeder is filled to the brim. As soon as the chicks acquire self-feeding skills, feeders and drinkers fill up with ¼ and raise above the floor level to avoid contamination of the litter with food.
Grow broiler chickens profitable. Observing simple requirements it is possible not only to provide a family with an ecologically clean, dietary chicken meat, but also to achieve a small benefit when selling broiler meat.
Arrangement of the house: bedding
Broiler slaughter weight, care for which was carried out correctly, reach very quickly - in three months. This bird is raised in most cases in summer. Heated barn with this method, of course, is not needed. If, however, broilers are grown for sale "stream", the house should be built from "warm" materials and equipped with heaters.
As already mentioned, most often broilers contain an outdoor method. In this case, even in summer, at least a thin straw bedding should be provided in the shed. Change it in the future will have at least once a week. Broiler mortality often happens precisely because they are kept on a cold floor. Drifts this bird also absolutely does not tolerate. The fact that they were not, the owners should take care necessarily. Otherwise the chickens will catch cold.
Growing and caring for broilers is also quite complicated because the upper layer of the litter will need to be constantly loosened. At the same time, it is necessary to remove dirty straw, and pour clean net instead. The total thickness of the litter should not exceed 35 cm. Otherwise, broilers will not be able to dig it to the floor. As a result, the litter will turn sour. In winter, meat hybrids are supposed to be heated with the help of special equipment, and not due to rotting of the litter.
Features of the cellular content
Proper feeding and care for broilers with outdoor content can give excellent results. But in some cases, such a bird is grown in cages. This method is usually chosen when broilers are kept in very large quantities for sale. The main advantages of cell culture, in addition to the rapid weight gain, in this case is the possibility of saving room space and a decrease in mortality due to illness.
The temperature regime in the poultry house at the cellular content is observed the same as at the floor. At the same time, the farmer must also comply with the following requirements:
- cells must be sorted by age
- it is necessary that the floor in the cells was made of fine-meshed mesh.
Cleaning in cages for chickens should be done when applying this method of keeping daily. In the part of the house in which the youngest broilers live, you need to arrange additional lighting.
Since the bird cannot move freely in this case, and the landing area is significant, it is also necessary to provide at least primitive ventilation in the barn.
In terms of care, broilers are thus quite demanding. When growing such a bird, farmers often have various kinds of problems. So, for example, if:
- the bird fell to its feet, which means it lacks vitamin D,
- broiler plumage was dull and brittle - in the barn is too dry,
- breathing in birds is difficult and intermittent - should reduce the humidity of the air.
How to make a cage yourself
Often farmers in the cultivation of broilers use industrial structures. Such cells are initially equipped with feeders, and sometimes automatic drinkers. They represent racks in several rows. Good care feeding broilers assumes the right. In industrial cells, this procedure is certainly very convenient. However, these designs are quite expensive. Therefore, in some cases, the owners of private farms make their own cells.
It is not too difficult to make such structures, for example, from a chain-link and a bar. In this case, at first, it is usually just to knock the rack frame completely. Further, with the help of a beam it is divided into sections. Then sheathe the floors of future cells. In this case, use a fine metal mesh. Next, the cells are sheathed with a rabbit.
At the final stage, the feeding troughs are knocked down along the entire length of the racks in each tier. Also establish drinking bowls.
Walking on the street with broilers in the outdoor mode of content is sometimes still released. It is believed that fresh air within reasonable limits is good for this bird. With cellular content, chickens can be provided with comfortable conditions in this regard. For this, you should use not too large racks with wheels. If necessary, the bird contained in this way is simply taken from time to time into the courtyard.
A sign of health in broilers are soft tummies and clear eyes. Such a bird is active and has a good appetite. Перья у здоровых бройлеров чистые, а крылья плотно прижаты к телу.Most often when growing meat hybrids, farmers face such a problem as indigestion. To prevent this from happening, the bird should be given water in a day with a small amount of potassium permanganate added to it.
Chickens should also receive fine gravel. From five days of age, chickens can already be given not only vitamins, but also chalk. With a lack of vitamin D, broilers often develop rickets. At the same time the birds begin to fall when walking.
Infectious diseases most often broilers suffer from coccidiosis and chicken pox. For treatment in this case usually call the vet.
Instead of conclusion
Thus, broilers require proper maintenance and feeding at home. In the event that the farmer will comply with the basic recommendations for the cultivation of this bird, it will gain weight very quickly. In addition, the lunge in the herd will not be too much. At the same time, the farmer himself will necessarily get the profit he expected.
Features breeding broilers at home
And now, the long-awaited moment has arrived. You brought home a box with small, squeaking yellow lumps. Have you already prepared a place for them? If they took smoke in March or April, they will first have to keep them in the house. First we build a house. Two cardboard boxes are joined together, fastened to the sides with wire, and cut a hole - the entrance. The first box will be a bedroom for kids, the second - a kitchen and a place for walking. Chicks should always be warm. Boxes should not be put on a cold floor. We put a house or foam, or on the old carpet. In the box they put a cloth litter that needs to be shaken out and dried daily.
Above the “bedroom” they hang a light bulb with a cone-shaped dome so that the light does not diffuse, but the luminaries in the house. You should not hang huge white and red lamps of 250 watts - the bird will be hot. Newborn smokers do not regulate body temperature and may overheat. Bulbs 25-40 W will be enough. The first 10 days of the light bulb is left on for the night. Then we reduce the light day to 16 hours.
When illuminated with green and blue lamps, the bird gives a greater increase.
If the floors are warm, then you can fence off the corner for the young with the help of boards. To achieve the desired temperature put the heater. Place troughs and drinkers.
How to feed and fortify chickens
As soon as they brought the chickens home, they should be given sugary water: a teaspoon of sugar is diluted in 1 liter of water. Then the hens are given a boiled egg.
To keep broilers at home, you need to provide them with a complete feed. The diet in the first week consists of a wet mash and dry starter compound feed. In the mash we add boiled chicken egg, millet crumbly unsalted porridge, boiled in water, cake and poultry feed. Instead of water, it is better to give a decoction of onion peel and pine needles, reverse (milk after separation, that is, removing the cream).
Feeding troughs and drinkers are set in the second box. It is the drinkers, not the lids with water.
From ten days of age, fish is introduced into the diet. Will fit blue whiting, any fish waste. The fish is boiled whole and scrolled through the meat grinder along with the bones. Ground fish is mixed with the feed and distributed to the chicks. Food should always be present in the feeders, but not sour.
Small smokers feed is better to give a little. Pegged, add more. Feeders need to be cleaned daily and rinsed with a solution of potassium permanganate. When the chicks are eating, we carefully look at whether everyone has enough food, whether they all come up to the feeding trough. Also in the diet injected bone meal and shell. You can give ground egg shells, calcined in the oven.
As soon as greens appear on the street, we immediately add finely chopped greens and nettles to the diet. Greens begin to give a little. If there is cottage cheese, then we give it too. From ticks and fleas we powder the chickens with ashes which have lain for at least 2 months. If there is no old ash, then nazhite it. It will be useful to you: then put a trough with ashes in the hen house.
Growing meat chickens at home is impossible without vitamin supplements.
- The very next day, the day they brought home smoke, we give them in the morning enrofloxacin at the rate of 1 cube per liter of boiled chilled water. This antibiotic is given for the prevention of infectious diseases. Vypivaem 3 days each time with a fresh solution. Instead of an expensive antibiotic, 3 days in the evening you can drink 1 drop of each chick with vodka.
- Within 3 days every morning and evening moisten feet smoked vodka, immersing paws in a bowl.
- The next 3 days give ascorbic acid solution. Vitamin C stimulates the immune system and improves the digestive process. The contents of the package must be dissolved in 3 liters of water and given 1 liter per day.
- On day 7, they start giving biovit and chiktonik. Biovit give with food for 1 tsp per 50 animals 1 time per day for 1-2 weeks. Biovit give for the prevention of hypovitaminosis and as a growth promoter. Chiktonik - feed vitamin supplement. It is given at the rate of 1 cube per 1 liter of water for 10 days.
- On day 14 they give Baycox solution at the rate of 1 cube on 1 l of water.
With this treatment, about 90 out of 100 birds grow strong and in 4-5 months can reach weight: chickens 3-4 kg, roosters 4-5 kg.
The content of broilers at home
- in the first week is 33 0 С,
- in the second - 30 0 С,
- in the third - 28 0 С,
- in the following - 20-24 0 C.
Broilers at home quickly gaining weight. The cardboard house will have to be expanded, because it's still cold outside, and they need more space. Every night you need to get up and slightly stir the sleeping young. This must be done so that the little ones do not get stuck and not stifled.
Chickens are prone to razlevu. Most often they peck in the head. Wounded bird is deposited separately. Wound smeared with green paint. If the baby is immediately put together with others, then curious individuals will begin to peck the green crown. A fishwave signals insufficient nutritional feed. Improve the quality of feed, enter the bone and meat meal, feed yeast, greens, grated carrots.
From two weeks of age begins the plumage - the most difficult period in the life of a chicken. It is important to provide the bird with all the necessary vitamins, be sure to introduce fish into the diet.
Translation of young animals in the chicken coop
It is time to transfer the youngsters to a permanent place - in a chicken coop. Breeding meat chickens requires constant maintenance of cleanliness. Coop clean and lime. Sawdust is placed on the floor, which is regularly sprinkled. The excrement is mixed with sawdust and interrupted with the release of heat, forming a warm litter.
The feeders are washed with potassium permanganate and dried. Place for walking should be clean. Trough with a shell, sand and ash for swimming. Birds should not use the feeder handle as a perch, otherwise excrement may fall into the feed. The handle must be rotating.
Not all owners have a brand new block shed. Often the cracks in the wooden old shed plug in rags. Before weeding the young, we remove all the rags. Curious birds like to poke their nose, or rather the beak, where not necessary. the hen may become tangled in the threads with his paw or even his tongue. Of particular danger are nets for potatoes.
Top dressing and compound feed
Bird food to buy for teens is expensive. They eat it a lot. It is necessary to switch to conventional feed or ground grain. Compound feed can be prepared independently by mixing crushed barley, peas, corn. In the morning, boil the feed with mixed feed and stir with a stick until swelling. The cooled mash is distributed to youngsters. Dry food in the feeders and water should be constantly. Once a week hens are given a barely pink solution of potassium permanganate.
The two-month-old little chicken weighs 1300-1500 g and is theoretically ready for slaughter. But I want to grow a huge carcass and break all records. Broiler is a bird responsive to good food. Only males from chickens are better off at the first sign of affection. Heavy cocks with their claws leave wounds and scars on the backs of their girlfriends. Agree, it is unpleasant to eat the skin with traces of love joys to neither you nor your guests, or maybe even the buyers. By the way, chicken production decreases too.
Meat chickens carry eggs, very nutritious and tasty.
Roots in the shed should be low. A bird can manage to climb a high perch, but falls from it at night and cripples.
Often the largest broilers sit on their feet. The reason may be a lack of vitamins. The skeleton needs calcium. Set off the chick and give him more vitamins. Alas, he will not rise to his feet anymore, his leg joints will quickly turn out.