Although this is a very beautiful fish, which attracts the attention of aquarists, but you can not recommend it to beginners. Akara turquoise is a large and aggressive fish, for the maintenance of which you need a lot of free space. A pair of cancer can literally terrorize their neighbors and they need to be maintained with large and strong fish. In addition, they are very sensitive to water parameters and abrupt change. Because of these circumstances, turquoise crayfish can only be recommended to aquarists who already have experience in keeping large cichlids. True, a beginner can successfully support them only if he is able to create suitable conditions and pick up large neighbors.
Turquoise Akara is primarily a predator, it eats all kinds of feed, but it can be capricious. In the aquarium, she eats both live and frozen shaker, bloodworm, Artemia, gammarus, crickets, worms, fish fillets, shrimp and mussel meat and other high-calorie foods. Modern food for large cichlids may well provide a healthy diet, and in addition the menu can be diversified with live food. You can also add vitamins and vegetable foods to your feed, such as spirulina.
Feed turquoise akara must be 1-2 times a day, trying to give as much food as she can eat at a time.
Turquoise cancer successfully diluted for many years. The main problem with spawning is to get a well-established pair, since not every fish fits together and their fights can end with the death of one of the fish. Usually, several fish are bought for this and grown together, until such time as they are determined. Because of this, they often spawn in the general aquarium, and they carefully guard their eggs, and if there are not many neighbors, the fry can be raised.
Water for cultivation should be slightly acidic, with a pH from 6.5 to 7, soft or medium hardness 4 - 12 ° dGH, and a temperature of 25 - 26 ° C). The pair thoroughly cleanses the suitable stone or snag, and lays up to 400 eggs. The larva appears on the 3-4th day, and on the 11th day the fry of the turquoise Akara begin to swim and eat freely. How to raise the fry? They feed the fry with nautilia of artemia, egg yolk and ground feed for adult fish. At first, the fry grows slowly, but after reaching a body length of 2 cm, the growth rate of the fry increases significantly.
Difference from other types
Turquoise akara is similar to the blue-spotted representative of the species. For some time these fish were not isolated as separate individuals. In fact, an inexperienced person may confuse them. Although a detailed comparison of the difference can be seen.
The turquoise inhabitant of the aquarium has scales of light blue and light green, the center with a dark spot of irregular shape, on the dorsal and caudal fins has an orange or light border.
In addition, turquoise fish can grow up to thirty centimeters in length. Mature males grows growth on the frontal part.
For the first time akara was discovered by Güntern in 1859. In the wild, it is found in the western part of Ecuador, in Peru, Brazil. She prefers to live in quiet waters with clear or muddy water. It feeds on insects, crustaceans, worms, vegetation.
Its name is translated from Latin as “stream”. In fact, turquoise akara is a selective form of blue cichlid.
Treats fish to the cichlid family. In the wild, turquoise akara is eighteen to thirty centimeters long. In captivity, these figures are significantly less - sixteen to twenty centimeters. The individual lives seven to ten years. With good care, an increase in life expectancy is possible.
The body of the fish is wide, flattened from the sides. Its snout and gill covers are decorated with mother-of-pearl and turquoise stripes.
Difference male from female
Fish is quite easy to distinguish by gender. The male acara turquoise has a relatively larger size, its anal fins are colored blue, and there is a wide red edging on the caudal fin. On his forehead, he forms a fatty growth of a rounded shape. It indicates the maturity of the male.
The female Akara turquoise does not have a specific growth, but shows more aggression. Her anal fins are colored green, and her entire body is slightly darker than the male.
Conditions of detention
Most negative reviews from cancer owners are related to the complexity of their content. Therefore, before acquiring these beautiful pets, you should make sure that the conditions created will be optimal for new tenants. Then the photo Akara turquoise will cause only positive emotions. These fish are recommended only to experienced aquarists.
All South American cichlids require a lot of space. On one individual should be one hundred and fifty liters of water. If there are several fish, the aquarium should be no less than three hundred liters.
Ideally, use soft, slightly acidic water for an aquarium. It should circulate at a low and medium level. It is also important to ensure effective biological filtration. The habitat needs to be well lit. Part of the space should be occupied by stones, caves, all kinds of shelters. To reduce the level of acidity and soften the water, you can use snags, which is placed in the aquarium. In the center should leave plenty of space for swimming.
Coarse gravel is placed on the bottom. The water temperature should range from twenty-one to twenty-six degrees Celsius above zero.
Akara turquoise - fish carnivorous. She is very picky about food. Her diet should consist of a variety of foods. From food cichlid agrees to bloodworms, krill, shrimp, plankton, green vegetables. Good fish refers to the granules, which are produced in an industrial order specifically for its type. Flakes are also suitable. To maintain a beautiful color, you should give it red earthworms. As vegetables fit green peas, cucumber, lettuce. They need to be shredded before serving.
Do not give her beef and other red meat. It contains a large percentage of protein, which will cause disorder of the digestive system.
An adult should receive food once or twice a day. It is better to still break the portions into several parts. Then Akara will eat all the food. If, however, giving her food once in a large volume, she will leave part of the feed. Organic matter will start to rot, and the water in the tank will deteriorate faster.
Turquoise Akaras can get along in one tank only with species of similar size. Be careful when choosing your neighbors. Despite its alarming nickname, fish belongs to moderately aggressive cichlids. There are much more dangerous species to others. Akara can be kept with other fish.
An important condition for reducing aggressiveness is a lot of free space in the aquarium. With the required amount of space, the individual will not chase away their neighbors. It is also important that she had enough room to grow.
Akara can not be settled with other types of aggressive cichlids. It has already been mentioned that the female behaves most violently. Her nervousness increases during the spawning period, so she needs to provide a lot of personal space; she may need to be resettled.
Smaller fish akara eats, and those who are larger can offend cichlids. The best neighbors for it may be the following types:
- Severum is a fairly peaceful cichlid that does not require a lot of space. Adults reach a length of fifteen centimeters and are distinguished by bright colors of various shades. The most popular are red and blue fish.
- Som is the perfect complement for most aquariums. They live in the lower part of the reservoir, eating the food that fell to the bottom. Their sizes and colors are various. Have a peace loving character.
- Angelfish - are attracted by an unusual body shape, a pleasant color. Aggression is shown only during spawning.
Specialists also do not recommend that more than one pair of cancer live in a reservoir. Otherwise, the tenants will constantly be hostile to each other.
Description of the species and features of aquarium fish akara turquoise
In nature, fish live in Ecuador, South America, in northwestern Peru.
The color of the Akara turquoise varies depending on external factors and the spawning period from silver to green with a characteristic turquoise hue. Grown fry and females are painted more often in silver-gray color with bluish glitter.
Along the gill arches and on the face there are winding lines of turquoise tonality, and a dark spot is located in the center of the body. Males are painted in more bright colors. Especially valuable representatives of Akara turquoise are easily identified by the red-orange edge on the fins.
The color of akara turquoise can vary from silver to green.
You can distinguish a female from a male by the following features:
- the size of the female is smaller,
- male has a fat growth on the frontal part,
- the color of the female becomes brighter when spawning than that of the male,
- fins (anal and dorsal) of males elongated and pointed at the ends.
Breeding and reproduction
The fecundity of the female is average - 300-500 eggs, in rare cases, large fish can lay off up to 1000 eggs.
Before spawning, the steam looks for a flat stone, after which it begins to clean it. Fish can also attract pot or ordinary bottom glass. In addition to preparing the place for caviar, Akaras make small holes in the ground to shelter the offspring from danger.
During the spawning season, the color of the fish becomes brighter.
The period of incubation of eggs is 3-8 days, depending on the indicators of water (hardness, PH). And after 4 days the fry begin to feed on starter feed.
The most suitable food for them is:
- nauplii of crustaceans,
- crushed enkhitreus and others.
It is not difficult to breed Akara, there are no problems with choosing a partner. Occasionally, the male does not show interest in the female, in this case it is worth making a replacement. During the spawning period, the color of the fish becomes much brighter, and aggressiveness and belligerence are observed in the behavior.
Fry appear from calf after 3-8 days
These changes are explainable by natural processes, so you should not worry about pets. But while nursing fry, both parents manifest themselves exclusively on the positive side.
Water indicators should be the same as in a normal environment; the chemical composition of the liquid does not have any effect on fertilization and development of the fry. All the efforts of aquarists are reduced to the installation of the sprayer above the clutch and the timely selection of whitened eggs.
Among the lovers of aquarium fish Akara are popular. For about 50 years, cichlids have moved into artificial reservoirs of private houses and aquariums apartments. This makes it possible to observe the wondrous inhabitants of the rivers of South African countries, without crossing the borders of continents.
Description of Akara turquoise
Akara fish turquoise belongs to the family of cichlids. This is an unusually large resident of the aquarium, which has a bright blue-green color.
An ignorant person can easily confuse it with another species of this species - the bluish-spotted acara, moreover, these two inhabitants of the aquatic world were previously considered representatives of the same species. But if you compare them, the turquoise inhabitant of the sea is much more aggressive and large.
Akara turquoise, as previously mentioned, a fairly large fish, has a bright, beautiful color, which attracts attention and leaves no one indifferent. It is presented in colors ranging from delicate turquoise to silvery shades. Female acara turquoise, and also young individuals can brag of bluish spangles on an abdomen. Muzzles and gills are colored in turquoise stripes.
An interesting distinguishing feature of this species is a large spot in the center of the body, which has irregular outlines. On the head of Akara there is a drawing that is somewhat similar to the coloring of the Indians, reflects the light and shimmers. The tail and fins on the back have a wide border, which can be of various colors, such as bright orange or even reddish tint. If the fish itself has a not very bright color, then the edging may be white or yellowish.
Males always have a brighter color than females. Besides, akara turquoise male much larger and in size. If you properly care for them, create the right conditions and keep them in a spacious aquarium, they can grow up to 30 centimeters in length.
Akara turquoise content
Content and care akara turquoise - This is quite an exciting process, but at the same time it requires certain knowledge from the owner of these fish. In order to avoid problems with their maintenance, it is advisable to have an aquarium with a volume of 100 liters or more.
For two individuals, a vessel with a capacity of 300 liters is ideal. If you plan to settle cancer with other types of fish, then the volumes should be even greater.
This species feels comfortable in water with a neutral pH (from 6.5 to 8.0). The ideal water temperature in an akara aquarium is 20-27 ° C. Once a week it is necessary to change one-fifth of the liquid in an aquarium. It is also advisable to install a special water filtration system. As a decor you can use stones and roots.
It is very undesirable to plant any plants in the same container with Akaras, since these fish really like to dig everything in the aquarium and they can just float up.
Sex differences Akara turquoise
Determining the sex of cancer before puberty is difficult. But adult female and male individuals easily differ from each other. Males on the forehead grows fatty growth (bump), which females do not.
Also female representatives have a brighter color. The ornament on the females' head is more blurred, and the lines are very curved.
In terms of character, the female is much more aggressive than the male, especially during spawning.