The site has collected more than 300 species of aquarium plants. For ease of navigation, they are divided into three categories based on the location of the leaves: rosettes, stem and mosses / ferns. Plants come mainly from the tropics, growing in shallow reservoirs or in swamps. Not all of them are truly aquatic; most grow in very humid places or partially submerged in water. However, in home aquariums successfully adapt to other conditions.
In the process of setting up an aquarium, there is often a need to find plants with certain parameters (the need for light, low temperature tolerance, rooting or floating, etc.); for these purposes, you can use the convenient filter "Choose plants" by selecting the desired parameters and clicking the To find".
The difference between plants and algae
Do not confuse algae and aquatic plants. With algae in an aquarium fight, and aquatic plants are bred.
Seaweed - This is the lowest plants, the most ancient representatives of the flora. Algae are single-celled and multicellular, the structure they have the most diverse, but one quality unites them all: reproduction of spores. Algae never has flowers.
Aquatic plants - This is the highest flowering plants. The only exceptions are mosses and ferns. Plants have a root, a stem, and a leaf, and propagate by seed, not by spores. Sometimes it is difficult to find roots, or stems, or leaves in aquatic plants, they have changed so much, but by studying the structure of their tissues, botanists unmistakably refer them to higher plants.
The most unpretentious aquarium plants
Owners of small aquariums or just busy people who do not have the opportunity to devote a lot of time to caring for the plant world, it is best to start some unpretentious aquarium plants. The best and most popular among them are:
- Madagascar Bacopa,
- small duckweed
The most unpretentious aquarium plants
Bacopa is not only beautiful grass, but also a water attendant. It purifies the water, preventing the development of green algae. The cabomba aquarium plant is also very cute in appearance, but it can be up to two meters tall. It is propagated by dividing the shoot or parts of the stem. Small duckweed is also found on ordinary water bodies. In the aquarium, it creates shade and serves as a vitamin supplement for fish.
Vallisneria is an easy-to-care and habitat-free plant. On external parameters it is perfectly combined with other inhabitants of the aquarium. Looks great both in the background and near the side wall. It grows quickly and multiplies. Ideal for beginners who want to quickly gain practical experience and not be disappointed.
The Vallisneria aquarium plant does not have requirements for light, hardness or acidity of water. Absolutely any soil is suitable for it. When the plant grows and prevents the flow of light into the water, it is better to thin out. Pruning is not recommended, because after it is held, the leaves turn yellow and may start to rot.
The hygrophilic aquarium plant is one of the most accessible and durable aquarium plants, which is recommended for cultivation to beginners. Even in the absence of proper care, it will not disappear completely from your reservoir. Illumination can be absolutely any, but in a brighter light, leaves and stems acquire a beautiful and rich color.
For hygrophil growth, it is not necessary to add CO2 to the water. With its abundance, it begins to thrive and grow and over time will require thinning. The range of recommended water temperatures is from 18 to 30 degrees. Soil for growing can be taken absolutely any.
Kobompa in the aquarium looks just gorgeous. Only this plant requires some care. It does not tolerate the presence of copper sulfate or rivanol in water. Suspended particles that tend to settle on the leaves must be removed using a filter. It is necessary to get rid of the presence of mollusks in the aquarium that can eat up the lower leaves.
The water temperature for growing Kabumps is from 18 to 28 degrees. Stiffness and acidity should not be above average. Otherwise, this beauty can significantly pummel, and its leaves begin to crumble. Water should be perfectly clean and transparent, because the sediment appearing on the leaves not only damages the decorative qualities, but also can lead to the death of the plant.
A bright representative of the aroid family, numbering many subspecies. Depending on the level of illumination, the leaves can change their color from green to deep red. Attractive are inflorescences that have an unusual structure.
Growing cryptocorynes requires a layer of nutrient soil 5 centimeters thick. Water temperature should be maintained at a level of 24-28 ° C. Hardness and acidity - medium. The plant has long been mastered in a new habitat, so it is often not desirable to replant it.
Aquarium plant lemongrass got its name due to the fact that it has a pleasant lemon smell. With the right content grows quite large and can protrude from the water. Looks great in the background of the aquarium, without closing other plants. The temperature for optimal growth and development should be maintained at 22-28 ° C. At lower temperatures, growth slows down, and the leaves become much smaller.
Water hardness should not be more than 8 units. Otherwise, the leaves begin to break down. Weekly a quarter of the water needs to be drained and replaced. Chemicals must be present in a minimum amount. The soil is recommended to use silted, enriched with nutrients. To grow lemongrass you need good lighting.
This plant has many varieties. The aquarium plant Ludwig belongs to the family "Cypriot". Under aquarium conditions, it can exist in both free-floating and rooted forms. It is characteristic that when the conditions of maintenance change, the plant changes its color, loses its decorative qualities and grows dull.
The optimum temperature for the maintenance and development of Ludwig is 20-28 ° C. When this indicator drops, growth slows down. It is necessary to ensure the hit of direct rays of light. Thanks to them, the leaves become saturated color. Propagated by cuttings or shoots. Coarse sand is excellent for growing.
This beautiful and picky plant can be a godsend, both for beginners and for professionals in the field of aquarium business. It is a basic plant and helps to prepare the composition of water for the rest of the inhabitants. It serves as an excellent background for another flora.
The ideal temperature for growing an aquarium naias plant is 24-26 ° C. At below 22 ° C, the plant dies, and at higher rates, the stems become very brittle. Regularly you need to change the water in the aquarium, otherwise the growth will be slow. Absolutely any soil is suitable, all the necessary food is obtained from the water.
A very unusual plant that requires special conditions of maintenance and care. If you do not comply with them, the young plant may die, and not beginning to develop. First of all, the depth of the aquarium should be at least half a meter. Water should be soft and slightly acid. It should not be too often to change the water in the pond. The temperature should be maintained at 22-28 ° C. At lower rates, the nymphean aquarium plant not only slows growth, but also becomes impossible to bloom.
Weekly should be feeding mineral fertilizers. The content of iron salts in them is mandatory, otherwise the plant will turn yellow.
In no case can ordinary light bulbs be used for organizing lighting.
Its appearance resembles a lettuce bush. Pistia aquarium plant is not demanding and has managed to gain immense popularity. A characteristic property of leaves is that they do not get wet in water. Propagated by lateral layers. In good conditions it may even bloom.
For normal development of the gun, the aquarium should be covered with a loose lid. Thus, the microclimate necessary for it will be provided. Since the plant is floating, the degree of development of its root system can be judged on whether it has enough nutrients in the water. If the root system is powerful, then fertilizer needs to be applied.
Riccia belongs to the family of liver mosses. Under the conditions of the aquarium is a floating plant. Very hardy, not demanding, quickly developing. Requires bright lighting.
Regarding the temperature range of water aquarium plant Riccia unpretentious. However, you need to update the reservoir weekly. It is recommended to install a filter, because in dirty water the plant fades and darkens. In summer, you can prune the plant if it has grown too much.
Perhaps the most popular aquarium plant, especially among beginners. It is not only undemanding to the conditions of habitat and care, but can easily put up with their violations. Among other things - it is an excellent biological filter.
For the cultivation of an aquarium plant, a rodentary is preferred is soft and mildly acidic water. For lighting it is undemanding. Additional feeding is not needed, as well as the supply of CO2. The temperature of the water is recommended to be maintained at 23-25 ° C. Needs periodic washing.
It is the most famous and widespread representative of aquatic vegetation throughout the world. Easy to grow and maintain, the fast-growing and breeding elodie is a beginner's dream. In addition to all these advantages, the plant has an attractive appearance and serves as an excellent decoration of an aquarium.
Despite the pickiness, the aloe plant aquarium has some peculiarities. For example, if you transfer it from softer water to tougher water, the plant will most likely die. She also does not tolerate excess salt in water. If it becomes necessary to treat fish from ichthythyriosis, then it is better to remove the elodea from the aquarium for this period.
Aquarium plant Echinodorus does not need special conditions of maintenance and easy to get along with other inhabitants of the aquarium. The temperature of the water for its cultivation should be maintained at 19-30 ° C. Stiffness and acidity should be average. In soft water, the plant loses its decorative qualities and quickly fades.
Soil for planting should choose a clean and fine-grained. It should be washed only in the case of accumulation of organic deposits. Illumination should be good. To this end, the water must be maintained in a clean and transparent state.
Causes and symptoms
The obvious signs that something is wrong with the plant are considered as such:
- yellow leaves,
- holes in the leaves,
- presence of brown, green or black algae on the plant.
The most common causes of disease in aquarium plants:
- unsuitable chemical composition of water
- poor water filtration
- improper temperature conditions
- inappropriate lighting level
- improperly selected soil
- the presence of parasites in the aquarium,
- improper feeding,
- lack or excess of micro or macro elements,
- thickened plantations.
Changing habitat conditions is a very strong stress for the aquarium plant. It may also be one of the causes of the development of diseases and deterioration of appearance.
First of all, as measures of prevention and treatment, it is necessary:
- increase the light level
- if necessary, thin the plants,
- fertilize and feed (if required).
Not the last role is played by water temperature. It is precisely its imbalance that can lead not only to the development of diseases, but also to the death of the flora. This indicator should be adjusted in accordance with the recommended parameters.
Sometimes in order to save the plant and cure the disease, it is required to transfer it to another aquarium. It creates optimal conditions for growth and development.
With algae, treatment is a long and laborious process. First of all, it is necessary to carry out mechanical cleaning of algae. After that, it is necessary to land fast-growing plants, as well as reduce the feeding of fish. Soil is cleaned twice a week. Exactly as many times and replace 25% of the water in the aquarium.
Nutritious soil for aquarian plants
For different types of aquariums there are different types of nutrient soil. Now the market has a huge selection of grounds for aquariums. This allows you to choose the material that is most suitable for your inhabitants. Most of them do not have anoxic zones, good bacteria develop well in them.
Soil for aquarium
A universal soil must be neutral and contain a comprehensive set of micro- and macroelements necessary for plant development. In general, ready-made substrates differ by brand issuing. The use of sizzling soils should be avoided, as they tend to increase both the hardness and the acidity of the water.
Fertilizers for aquarium plants do it yourself
Fertilizers for aquarium plants can be prepared independently. Knowing the basic principles, this procedure will not be difficult. To get a supplement that contains iron and other trace elements, you need to purchase the right product and add vitamin C there. Dilute it with distilled water and add 5 ml for every 200 liters of water in the aquarium.
It is very good to prepare fertilizers for aquarium plants from blue clay. For this purpose, dry clay is mixed with ascorbic acid, as well as iron chelate. Balls roll out of the mixture and bake in the oven. This dressing is placed under the roots of the plant. It dissolves gradually, regularly feeding your algae with beneficial substances.
At what price you can buy aquarium plants, catalogs
The price of aquarium plants can vary greatly by region. If you take, for example, Moscow, you can buy a hygrophile for 3200 rubles, but cabomba for only 170 rubles. The price of vallisneria ranges from 1,200 rubles. The aquarium cryptocoryne plant is estimated at about the same. The cost of Ludwig - 170 rubles. Valisneria is estimated at 250 rubles.
Catalogs of online stores can be easily found by typing the corresponding query for your region in any search engine.
What plants do not require special care
Undemanding species include flora, for which:
- rather small illumination of 0.3-0.6 W / l,
- there is no need to organize a CO2 supply,
- it is not necessary to add various mineral and organic fertilizers to the soil, water - all that remains after the fish is enough for the plants.
Hardy strong representatives are present in many plant groups.
Living fauna helps to maintain the home water world in optimal condition, fulfilling its purpose, namely:
- decorate the aquarium
- provide the fish with a place of rest, shelter from predatory neighbors,
- provide food to the inhabitants of the water world
- a great place to spawn and grow fry,
- increase the oxygen content in the water,
- neutralize harmful substances, such as ammonia,
- compete with lower vegetation, suppressing its development.
We are constantly not happy that algae appear on the walls of the aquarium and fight them, but this beautiful representative is the exact opposite of them. Kladofore is the only species that gives the underwater world mysteriousness.
The filamentous algae forms a whole colony in the form of a green lush ball, which is overwhelmed, beautifully giving a variety of aquarium design. The ball can be divided into parts and attach it to the very bottom, thus equipping a small lawn or a rug. Small fish, shrimps are just in awe of the clavophora, because they not only hide in the algae, but also find nutrient microorganisms there.
Kladofore need lighting from 0.5 W / l, neutral, medium hardness, clear, clean water. Preferred cool, in a warm environment loses its shape.
Therefore, if the ornamental algae lives in warm water, then every month it must be placed in a cool environment to maintain the colony.
Java moss decorative
This is a champion among undemanding aquarium plants. It is well tolerated by the lack of light, various acidity coefficient, temperature. Can live on the surface, in the water, easily attached to objects with fishing line.
Но при недостатке освещенности лучше не помещать яванский мох на самое дно, ведь света, проникающего сквозь воду, будет недостаточно для стойкого красавца. Пагубна для яванца – сильно загрязненная вода, когда органические частицы оседают на его листочки, покрывая налетом, лишая доступа кислорода, возможности фотосинтеза.
Аквариумные плавающие растения
Плавающие растения данной подгруппы обитают только на водной глади. They have a root system hanging in the water column, through which the plant gets the nutrition it needs. Such vegetation blooms very often, decorating the surface of the aquarium with its pristine beauty. The most interesting representatives of such a flora: duckweed, swimming riches, frog.
Lemna and frog resembles clover. Lemna - many small plants. Experienced aquarists often abandon this flora, as it is almost impossible to get rid of it. Lemna breeds from a separate stalk, leaf. But the flower is a reliable shelter for fry, providing them with good nutrition.
The frog looks like a duckweed, only a little larger and easily removed from the aquarium. To decorate the underwater world at home most often used Riccia - small lumps of openwork green moss, according to other characteristics, it looks like a duckweed. The plant does not like powerful lamps placed close to the surface of the water. With a strong sprawl on the surface, Ricci simply removes his palms.
Undemanding aquarium plants include Indian and Thai ferns.
The pterygoid, Thai plant has embossed beautiful leaves, shaped like willow leaves. Similar flora grows very slowly, forming owls of time with lush, bushy bright green thickets about 30 cm high. They place it mainly near the walls, in the corners and in the rear landscape of the aquarium.
Bush can be placed in the center. Special soil for the plant is not required, as its roots do not penetrate into the depth of the soil. With a fern you can decorate the decoration, snag, creating an amusing design, for example, castle ruins, through which trees penetrate.
This kind of fern lives in light from 0.5 W / l, in warm, soft, slightly acidic or neutral water. Massive and permanent replacement of water does not tolerate.
Water Indian fern, looks different from its fellow. It has open, dissected bright green leaves, the root system is well developed, it is formed into a tall large shrub. But the conditions of its growth are similar to the Thai representative. A nutrient primer is required, a layer thickness of at least 4 cm.
This plant is capable of living in both tropical and cold environments. A hornberry is presented as a group of a large number of plants floating above the water or growing securely attached to the scenery.
The plant quickly grows in size, providing reliable protection for small inhabitants of the aquarium and fry. Its reproduction does not depend on the aquarist, a small part simply moves away from the parent sprout.
Flowering aquarium plants
These representatives include the numerous green inhabitants of the domestic underwater world. A variety of sizes, shapes, colors, sometimes even hard to make a choice. For this, it is worth considering a few of the brightest representatives of this group, taking into account the decorative role in the aquarium.
Lush funny backdrop
Plants are quite large, used to decorate the landscape and the side walls of the aquarium. Multi-seed hygrophilous - a representative of hardy species is popular among aquarists, thanks to its pointed, long leaves of light color.
It feeds on nutrient microorganisms, collecting them from the entire surface, helping to reduce the level of phosphorus, destructive nitrogen compounds in the aquarium. Favorite food for snails and herbivorous fish species.
Prefers shallow soil of small fractions, temperature about 24 degrees Celsius, water of medium hardness, medium illumination. Quietly related to any level of acidity.
The sister of this representative is a straight hygrophil, lemongrass or a simple nomafil, a bit more decorative: in bright light, the border gets a bright pink shade, are located close to each other, with good care the plant forms a bush. Lemongrass looks out of the water, which gives the aquarium an interesting look.
We decorate the central part of the aquarium
To revitalize the center of the home pond suitable sprawling large bushes, for example, Amazonian Echinodorus. Vegetation tolerates shade well, lives in a large range of acidity, prefers hard water. What it requires for its full growth - nutrient soil.
In a large “house” for small fish near the ends and in the center, low Vallisneria can be placed, for example, twisted-leaf mini-twisters - a couple of bushes located nearby, a beautiful grove. It refers to the characteristics of water and light calmly, it lives in different conditions.
Glossy dark green Anubiasy decorate the average plan. They tolerate a lack of light, various indicators of water hardness, expanding correctly, but slowly. Plants require nutritious soil, while planting them should be subject to certain rules: only the roots should be immersed in the ground, leaving a squirming stalk on the surface. Anubiases are added to the koryag, and small representatives are placed in the foreground, for which due to the average light it is difficult to select vegetation.
Dilute aquarium design in red
The greens in the miniature underwater world are very beautiful, but you can bring some originality, diluting it with a bright shade. But most of the colorful representatives of the aquatic flora picky in acidity, light intensity.
Marsh Ludwig, Indian Rotala - exceptions to this rule. The leaves are red-tinged, painted in lilac color below, creating bright accents on a malachite, emerald background. With medium illumination, the leaves acquire a bright red hue, while the light must penetrate through the water column not only from above, but also on the sides, then the leaves located nearby form a bushy bush.
Plants require a clean warm, medium hard, slightly acidic or neutral habitat.
As it turns out, the choice of unpretentious vegetation for decorating an aquarium is diverse. All of them are interesting, different in shape, shade and height. Thanks to this flora, you can turn any idea into reality when decorating a home aquarium. Just need a little patience, time!
What else do plants need?
As already noted, unpretentious species are not demanding, so they need very little:
- carbon dioxide,
- a small amount of light
- micro and macronutrients,
- water that meets certain characteristics - acidity, optimum temperature, hardness.
Only if all these elements are present in the required amount of bushes and grass will grow, live and delight the view, improving the habitat of the fish. But, for some species, it is rather difficult to create certain conditions and requires knowledge, skills, appropriate experimentation, so you should give preference to hardy plants.
How to choose aquarium plants for amateur beginner
Characteristics of unpretentious aquarium plants, which they must meet:
- The hardy aquarium species of flora can live in water of various parameters. They are best suited to the stiffness coefficient of 4 and 20. Beginning aquarists do not check this figure and do not even suggest under what conditions their vegetation lives. The same applies to water temperature.
- Attitude towards lighting. Rather, the lack of light. Prefabricated aquariums are equipped with weak lamps that cannot provide proper lighting. But it significantly reduces their cost.
- Resistance to sudden change in habitat conditions. Often, inexperienced lovers forget about their aquarium for a couple of months. During this period of time, water, its acidity increases. And after cleaning, the index drops, thereby a pH jump occurs, which only unpretentious plants can withstand.
- No need for constant care. For several months of independent living, the aquarium flora will not perish due to shading, lack of mineral fertilizers, planting density and other circumstances related to maintenance.
- Resistance to inferior algae. Beginners may not respond to such a serious problem. Unpretentious representatives of vegetation should wait for "help".
Hardy plants die slowly, if you take at least some measures, you can correct the situation for the better.
Peculiarities of rare aquatic vegetation
There are many professionals who are not satisfied with the content of ordinary and most popular plants in aquaristics, such as, for example, echinodorus, ambulia or kladofora. No, give them something unusual and exotic!
It is necessary to understand that rare flora in aquaristics requires special treatment. Experts recommend to always begin with a study of one type or another, and for this there are many different sources of information.
Be sure to really evaluate their capabilities. Say, some rare plants (crinum, for example) can exist only in high aquariums, since a thick layer of soil is needed for the development of their roots. Other species, on the contrary, develop better in low artificial reservoirs.
Problems can also arise when organizing proper lighting, because almost all rare species of aquatic vegetation need bright light. Its features are also available when creating optimal temperature conditions, as well as the chemical composition of water.
Peristolist red or Myriophyllum mattogrossense
We note right away: the plant is very beautiful, it looks very impressive, but even in nature it is extremely rare. Not to mention home aquariums. However, there are enthusiastic people who successfully grow peristristum, reaching 30-40 cm in a home pond!
Grass is found in the marshlands of India, Bangladesh, in some places in Pakistan. Red-leaved metropolis was also met in parts of Peru and Ecuador. For the first time, vegetation was discovered in India, in the state of Matto Grosso, which is why it received the name mattogrossense.
main feature Myriophyllum mattogrossense has an unusual leaf color. They have a red color, but this can be observed not always and not everywhere.
From this it follows that at home breeding water grass requires fertilizing, containing trace elements iron. In addition, a periodic supply of CO2 with a carbon dioxide generator is required.
Appearance. A peristyle is difficult to confuse with any other underwater plant. On a long stalk there are a lot of very narrow, needle-like leaves, which are evenly distributed throughout the trunk. The length of one leaf can reach 5 cm. 5–6 of such leaves depart from one node (whorl), therefore one plant resembles a coniferous twig. In the aquarium, such a "pine" twig looks just great!
Content Features. Myriophyllum does not need a high aquarium, it also grows in natural conditions in shallow water. As the soil is suitable fine river sand with a small admixture of silt. It is often not recommended to wash the substrate, as sludge itself is a nutrient.
Illumination requires an average power of at least 0.5 W / liter, and the lamp should be chosen such that its spectrum is dominated by red.
Optimum water parameters:
- temperature ranging from +20 to +26 degrees,
- rigidity - 5–15 degrees (grass can withstand up to 25 °, but it’s better not to experiment),
- pH balance in the range of 6.6 to 7.3 units.
Breeding. There is information that breeding is possible from the seeds, but this is rare in nature. Positive breeding experience in aquariums - with the help of side twigs or a process from the top of the plant. A sprig before planting into the ground is recommended to be lowered onto the surface of the water for acclimatization. After the appearance of the roots of her carefully planted. It should be borne in mind that the roots even in adult blades of grass are very tender.
On the whole, the peristyristum red is characterized as a tender and capricious plant.
The scientific name is Eriocaulon cinereum or "Eriocaulon Sinerium". The original plant, in appearance resembling the shape of a sea urchin. Due to the high decorative effect, it is often used in a professional aquascape, not only as a spectacular decoration of the landscape, but also as a demarcation of individual zones.
Appearance. Adult grass has the shape of a round green shrub, the stem is almost absent, and long and very narrow needle-like leaves grow directly from the root. The width of each leaflet does not exceed 1 mm, and the length can reach up to 7 cm.
Care features. For the maintenance of this plant, the aquarium should be low, but the thickness of the soil consisting of coarse sand with the addition of peat is needed at least 8 cm. This is due to the fact that the root of eriocaulon is very developed.
Eriocaulon cinereum is very sensitive to the parameters, physical and chemical composition of water, to lighting. He doesn’t tolerate turbidity in the “bank” absolutely, so the purity is maintained with a powerful filter. Required water parameters:
- temperature 26–28 ° C above zero,
- acidity in the range of 5.6–6.7 units,
- hardness not higher than 8 degrees (soft water).
Weekly should be water changes at the rate of 20% of the total.
For normal development of the plant requires intense lighting, at least 1 W / liter. Also in the ground should be periodically add fertilizer from trace elements, including iron.
Breeding. What does not cause any problems is reproduction. After the appearance of new sprouts on the peduncles, it is necessary to separate them from the mother bush and plant them in the ground. The bush grows very slowly, and if all the conditions for existence exist, in 6 months it grows up to 10 cm in diameter.
There is information about the successful reproduction of the bush by dividing into 2 equal parts. Perhaps, but experts say that it can destroy the whole plant.
Very rare African aquatic plant, in aquariums is not common. Although it looks very, very elegant.
Under natural conditions, crinum (in Latin Crinum calamistratum) is found in fast and clear streams of West Africa and nowhere else, that is, the plant is endemic.
Appearance Crinum calamistratum, of course, surprises those who see it for the first time. It is rather difficult to describe this unusual vegetation, which released curved wavy leaves from 1 to 2 meters in length directly from the bulbous root!
Green long leaves grow from a short stem, which is a continuation of a long and thick root. The root itself in natural conditions can reach a length of 10 cm and a diameter of about 5 cm. Imagine which layer of soil should be poured into the aquarium! The depth of this layer should be not less than 9-10 cm, the substrate is a small pebble with a small amount of silt.
Crinum - blooming vegetation. On a long peduncle (up to 80 cm), 3–4 small strongly smelling flowers appear periodically.
Aquarium It requires a spacious enough, the leaves of grass will travel along the surface of the water, its appearance resembling water snakes - it looks very extravagant!
The required water parameters are ordinary:
- pH balance from 6 to 8 units
- temperature in a wide range: from 20 ° to 28 ° above zero,
- rigidity in the range of 5-12 degrees.
Reproduction occurs by the bulbs that germinate on the parent plant. In artificial conditions, forced pollination is required.
Didiplis diandra (Didiplis diandra)
Homeland plants are shallow ponds of North America. There are also other names: butyrlak dvuhtychinkovy and peplis. In the wild, grass grows as a group, forming thickets that resemble a coniferous forest in miniature. In aquariums, it is also planted in groups in the foreground or along the sides. Didiplis does not like blackout.
Appearance. In its structure, the diander is a stalk of medium length (10–15 cm), from which short and narrow leaflets extend in all directions. In the axils of the leaflets, tiny white flowers periodically bloom. The grass is very similar to the Indian rotalus, but is more compact in size.
Content Features. Didiplis soil should be sandy (coarse fraction) or from small pebbles. Experts strongly recommend to add humus to the aquarium soil, and it should be in the lower layer. But its surface should be left clean. Pretty hard, isn't it?
Didiplis diandra has one important feature: if there is a sufficient amount of carbon dioxide, its leaves turn red. In principle, this is the natural state of the plant in nature.
Didiplis is considered to be a capricious plant, and experts advise planting it in an aquarium with an established biosystem and a water temperature of 24–26 ° above zero.
Intensive lighting (with a capacity of at least 1 W / l) is very important, and the duration of daylight hours should be at least 12 hours.
There are quite a few rare species of aquarium vegetation, but it is not easy to create the necessary conditions for them. However, the successful maintenance of the capricious inhabitants of aquariums will bring satisfaction and pride in a job well done.