In the article I will analyze the description and characteristics of the dog, what distinguishes the miniature Sheltie from the Scottish Sheepdog. What features of feeding, care, maintenance, training are inherent in this breed, and also I will acquaint with features of its character and behavior.
Look around walking in the evening in the park. How many dog breeders are walking their pets? Lots of. And rarely meet the same breed during such walks. Recently, you can quite often see a small, brisk and energetic dog with long hair and a friendly, sharp attractive face. She looks like all the once beloved Collie - Lassie, only in miniature. The breed is called Sheltie or Shetland Sheepdog.
Description and characteristics of the breed
The Shetland Islands is an archipelago in the northeast of Scotland. The history of the sheltie breed begins from these islands. It appeared about 11 - 10 centuries BC. But the worldwide recognition of the Shetland Sheepdog was awarded only in the 19th century.
She appeared as an independent breed. The main role in its breeding was played by like dogs, which at one time were brought by fishermen from Greenland to the Shetland Islands.
Initially, the color of the breed was very diverse, and the exterior strongly did not reach modern standards. Thanks to the collie genes, the constitution of the body of the sheltie was stabilized, and the riot of wool colors was reduced to a minimum.
It was only in 1914 that the breed standards were published and recognized, and at the same time ea received a sonorous name - "Shetland Sheepdog".
The modern Shetland Sheepdog is a great breed with unique working skills. It is characterized by amazing activity, quite strong, mobile.
The ideal growth of a bitch is 35.5 centimeters. The height of each individual can vary by 2.5 centimeters.
The weight of representatives of the breed is not documented and ranges from 6.4 to 12 kilograms.
According to the constitution, sheltie differs in strength, lightness, and the coat is abundant and tight to the body, the guard hair is hard, the undercoat is soft and fluffy.
Currently, there are four types of coat color, but a great many shades.
- Intense black with white scorch. This color is the most spectacular. He emphasizes all the best qualities of the article. Dogs of this color often become prize-winners of exhibitions.
- Sable. This color is very fond of dog breeders. Since it has a huge number of shades.
- The combination of black and sable colors. In the people such color is called "tricolor". He is a mixture of intense black color with bright, tan markings, and complement his white spots on the tip of the tail, paws and chest.
- Marble (Blue Merle). Primary colors - white and blue with small patches of black. Pets with this color look very interesting and original.
There are also other interesting varieties of Shetland Sheepdogs coat color. Such combinations are obtained by crossing individuals with incompatible colors. They are considered non-standard and are not allowed to exhibitions.
Mixing sable and marble is unacceptable
- "Sable-merle" - mixing sable and blue-merle.
- White Merle - white marble.
Rules of maintenance and care
As with any other dog for the sheltie is required to care for and properly maintained. Basically it is not difficult, but there are some nuances.
- They can live excellently both in a private house and in an apartment. If you live in your own home, it is contraindicated to keep a dog of this breed on a chain. The best place will be a specially equipped enclosure.
- For a well-being Shetland Sheepdog needed daily walks in the morning and evening, the duration of which is 60 minutes. Walking should be interesting and with moderate physical exertion. Sheltie loves to run. The time specified for walking is minimal.
- The sociability of dogs of this breed is extremely high and she needs to communicate with four-legged friends. They also get along well with other animals in the same house, for example, with cats.
- Wool should be carefully looked after and combed to avoid the formation of wool clumps. If they are still formed, they can be neatly cut. If a dog of this breed is not intended for exhibitions, then she can periodically do grooming, that is, from time to time to shorten the hair in the groin, inside the ears and between the fingers on the paws.
- Sheltie is bathed as it gets dirty. The most suitable moment for this is the end of seasonal moulting even when all the faded wool has been removed from the croup.
- Shelties are prone to dermatitis.
- Important in the care of any dog is the prevention of fleas and ticks. This is not to be forgotten!
- For such an active dog you need proper nutrition. But overfeeding them is also not worth it. The main rule in feeding - a portion of food should be proportionate to physical exertion.
Shelties by nature do not eat much and that is why many dog breeders prefer high-quality, professional food.
These are dogs with a soft and friendly character. They love and become attached to the owner very much. Connoisseurs of the breed are united by one opinion in the character of the sheltie - this is the best companion for humans.
If on her way there is a stranger, then she will not show aggression in his direction. And it will be as discreet and careful as possible.
Sheltie is an excellent companion who will never leave his master. If an animal spends all its energy on walks, then at home there will be peace and grace. This breed is not prone to damage to property.
By cons sheltie can be attributed a large amount of wool during shedding.
But this is not a lack of a breed, but an improper upbringing at a puppy age.
Shetland Sheepdog Training
All dogs begin to raise with puppy age, and especially since the puppy was brought to a new home. In childhood, the dog is most susceptible to how the owner treats it. For a sheltie, a new home is a new, uncharted world. He studies it from the first minutes, as it turned out in your apartment.
Dog training must be approached from day one, as it turned out in your home.
Shelties are smart enough and savvy dogs that become smarter over the years. If you first decided to have a pet, then for its training it is best to contact a specialist. From the wrong education depends on the future life of the dog and its perception of the world.
In order to raise an intelligent dog with a balanced nervous system, it is best to turn to a specialist. It can be found in a specialized canine club or through familiar dog breeders.
Little Collie's Health
Animals are endowed with excellent health and excellent immunity. But there are some predispositions to diseases, such as:
- Eye disease that is transmitted from generation to generation, for example, cataracts,
- Dysplasia of the hip joints.
- Dogs of this breed may have epileptic seizures,
- Dermatitis of the skin.
First stage: Preparatory. De-worming of the animal is performed.
Second stage: Primary vaccination. It is held seven days after the first at the age of 2 - 3 weeks.
The third stage: Re-vaccination. Occurs after the change of all milk teeth to the root, at about the age of seven months.
Next, the animal is vaccinated annually. Dates of vaccination can be viewed in the dog's veterinary passport.
If you want to buy a Sheltie puppy, then there are several possibilities for buying it. Accordingly, prices will differ from each other. Also, the price is directly related to the fact for which you purchase Sheltie. If for an exhibition, then because of the documents, the cost will be higher, and if you do not need documents, then the money will be spent less.
A purebred puppy on average can be bought for 20,000 rubles.
- Nursery. Here it is possible the purchase of a puppy will be the difference - from 13 to 50 thousand rubles.
- Private breeders. Prices are lower than in nurseries - from 25 to 40 thousand rubles.
There are many kennels for breeding Shetland Sheepdogs in Russia. Most famous:
- "Black Diamond", Moscow.
- "Lieb Kinder", Yekaterinburgburg.
- “Aytalin” S ”, Yakutsk.
- "Jetston", St. Petersburg.
- Gold Hizbel, Saratov.
- "Black Fox", Tyumen.
Dogs of this breed breed well. Since they are distinguished by excellent health, puppies are born mobile and healthy.
If you want exhibition copies to be born, then parents should be chosen not only by the exterior, but also by the color of their color.
Sheltie or Shetland Sheepdog is a great friend, companion and babysitter for children. They are sociable and love everything around. They will protect you and your family until your last breath. This is a small, active and cheerful dog.
What so how? Or features of collie and sheltie breeds
Those who are planning to have a dog have a lot of questions related to the nature, behavior and maintenance of animals. In this article I will try to answer some of them.
Is a sheltie a smaller copy of a collie? - Not. Certainly the dogs of these breeds are similar to each other, but no more than cousins. Collies and shelties are completely different breeds that differ in both exterior and behavior. Sheltie externally differs from collie not only in size, but also in the structure of the head - in size and position of the ears and eyes. There are differences in the exterior of the hull and limbs, and, importantly, in the standard sheltie allowed a greater variety of colors than the collie. With regards to the characteristics of the behavior of collie and sheltie, there are also significant differences in this. The nature of most collie dogs can be illustrated with a phrase from a poem - "... a dog aristocrat - a collie." Collie - with all his behavior shows that this is a royal dog, full of self-esteem. Collie is friendly to people and other animals, unobtrusive. The nature of the sheltie, like most small dogs, is very cheerful. If you have a sheltie, then her long nose is sure to visit all the lye of your home. These dogs are often very "talkative." In general, if you lead an active lifestyle, the sheltie is your dog.
Is it true that dogs of these breeds are good nannies? Partly true. I think that this conclusion people made from the general behavioral characteristics of dogs of these breeds. Collie and sheltie are very good-natured
and patient. Such a dog will not allow itself to bite, and even to roar or show teeth in response to not always good children's games. Owners of dogs of these breeds will tell you a lot of stories about how well their dogs and children communicate. When my daughter was born, my first collie dog, Wilde, was already 8 years old. I was a little worried about how the dog would react to the appearance of a little man in the family. But it was all in vain. When Katyusha woke up at night and began to groan and toss and turn in the crib, Dunechka (as we called Wilda at home) came up to me and started poking me with her wet nose, as if to say: “Wake up! How much can you sleep! ”But, in any case, you should not humanize dogs, and their interaction with children should be supervised by adults.
Collies and shelties are so clever by nature that they need no training.. No, this is one of the deepest delusions! Any dog, any breed, any size and any character needs socialization and training. Firstly, attending club courses will unite you, teach the dog to understand the person, and the owner to understand your pet. Secondly, no matter how clever a dog is by nature, all its tricks are initially aimed at how to achieve what one wants, and not about how, in your opinion, the dog should behave. Remember - “smart” and “educated”, as they say in Odessa, are two big differences.
The collie and sheltie have long and thick wool, which requires tremendous care. I can not agree with this thesis. If your dog has the correct coat structure, then it does not require any special care. Enough once a week to comb the dog well and wash as needed. Of course, during the molting period, this will require additional efforts, but the owners of almost all dogs, not only long-haired breeds, are faced with this. But what gorgeous warm products knit calligans from the wool of their pets!
Of course, there are a lot of questions that future dog owners ask. Here are those without which, as a rule, not a single conversation about my dogs is complete. All the theses of this article are supported by photos from the life of our breeding plant, all that is written here is my personal experience of communicating with beautiful dogs of collie and sheltie breeds. I tried to tell you how beautiful these animals are.
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No matter how paradoxical it may sound, but it is precisely the different origins that explain the similarities and differences between these breeds.
Homeland Colley - the territory on the border of Northern England and Scotland. Initially, it was a shepherd's dog, adapted for working needs - strong, stocky, with warm shaggy wool, allowing it to survive on the street in a rather harsh climate.
Subsequently, the breeders significantly worked with the breed, adding blood to Scottish and Irish setters, Greyhounds and other breeds. Thanks to them, Colley became not only more resilient, but also acquired an aristocratic appearance.
Sheltie was also originally a shepherd dog, with the only difference being that she was from the Shetland Islands. Her ancestors were small dogs, similar to Spitz. They owe their modern appearance to crossbreeding with King Charles Spaniels, Spitz, Papillon, Chipperke and Colley.
Sheltie inherited its appearance from Scottish Sheepdogs. Because of this, they are so similar in appearance. But other breeds influenced the character and temperament of the Shetland Sheepdogs, making them different from Collies.
The difference in size and appearance
- The main difference is the size of the dogs. According to breed standards, for a Scottish shepherd, the height at the withers should be between 51–61 cm, and for Sheltie - 33–39 cm.
- The second important difference lies in the color - for the Collie, three standard coat colors are acceptable, and Sheltie has five.
- In addition, these dogs have a different head shape - the Scottish Shepherd is narrower and longer at the base, while the Shetland Sheepdog is shorter and wider, and it also has a more pronounced transition from the forehead to the muzzle.
- Compared to Collies, the ears of the Sheltie are wider at the base and set closer, and her eyes are larger relative to the size of the head.
What is the difference between intelligence
Both of these breeds are highly intelligent dogs. They are easy to train, able to learn many teams, without showing obstinacy.
Both of these breeds are emotionally very attached to their masters, trying to please them, anticipating desires. They are not difficult to adapt to the lifestyle of their owner. Both Collies and Shelties get along well with children, playing the role of nanny. They generally not characteristic of domination. They do not seek to show "who is the master of the house." However, these intellectuals of the dog world, if necessary, are able to act independently, choosing the right solution.
Differences in temperament
Both Scottish and Shetland Sheepdogs have a cheerful and cheerful disposition. They absolutely do not tolerate ill-treatment, physical punishment. It is much more effective to reprimand the dog, moral punishment will work faster.
The difference lies in the fact that Collie is more calm and reasonable. And little Sheltie is more active and energetic. And if on the street dogs of both breeds will happily rush along the lawn, then at home the Collie prefers to lie quietly on the sidelines, not far from the owner. If the owner leaves, for example, in another room, then Colley will first assess the situation. And if he realizes that there is no owner for a long time, he will move to another room after him. Sheltie will follow you on the heels. This "energizer" is in perpetual motion, the main thing for him is not to be separated from his beloved master for a second.
Both of these breeds do not belong to the guard dogs. However, the Sheltie protective instinct is more developed. If any stranger invades, she will try to expel him from her territory. Although due to its size can not serve as a strong opponent. A collie will not waste energy. But, although it does not belong to aggressive breeds, in case of need, it will be able to protect property and family members due to ingenuity, the natural mind, as well as its mass and dimensions.
Care and maintenance
Initially both of these breeds served as shepherd dogs. During the breeding, the Shetland Sheepdogs lost their skills, and Collies are still in demand in some countries as sheep herders.
Длинная густая шерсть позволяет этим собакам жить во дворе. В некоторых частных домах для них специально устраивают уличные вольеры. Но чаще всего их содержат дома, особенно Шелти, так как благодаря своим габаритам их проще разместить в квартире.
Обе породы нетребовательны в уходе и кормлении. Особое внимание требует лишь их шерсть. But this does not mean that they need to be combed daily, and often they do not need to be bathed.
Small Shetland Sheepdog puppies develop much faster than Collie puppies. They finish their growth earlier, becoming adult dogs. Therefore, Sheltie bitches are ready for mating by the age of 15 months, and in Scottish shepherds the first mating occurs no earlier than 18 months. In the litter, Collie usually gives birth to 6–8 puppies (not more than 11), and Sheltie - 4–5 puppies (no more than 7). The price for puppies of these breeds is about the same.
For Scottish Shepherd puppies characterized by stable growth. With proper care, rarely there are undersized or overgrown ones. In Shetland Sheepdog puppies, the growth is unstable, in this regard, there are cases that puppies grow with deviations in size from the standard of the breed in both the larger and the smaller direction. Therefore, when selecting a pair, it is necessary to consult with breeders who have experience in breeding Sheltie.
Sheltie is beautiful, smart, active. She is intelligent and needs good physical exertion.
Each club had its own standard, and of course the Sheltie puppies were noticeably different from each other. The latest version of the current standard was published in 1986, a clear description is given without intersection and references to other breeds. So they became independent breed, and to call Sheltie - small Collie is considered a bad form.
Size and physique
Sheltie puppies grow to 37 cm (females up to 35.5 cm) and reach a weight of up to 12 kg with a lifespan of 12 to 15 years. The skeleton has a slight stretch with powerful small legs, straight back and a harmoniously athletic physique. The tail is normally set short, lowered to the hock or bent ring up.
The head has the shape of an elongated blunt wedge, the skull and the muzzle must be of equal length. Ears set high on ¾ stand, and the tips are bent forward. The nose is black, the eyes are almond shaped, set obliquely, medium in size. They are black or brown, the exception for the color blue merle (blue or blue tint).
Due to its small size Sheltie moves smoothly and gracefully. With proper care, she should have sports data and actively develop muscles.
Sheltie dog belongs to the long-haired members of the family. Her coat is straight and long, and the fluffiness and softness gives a rich undercoat. The coat on the face, ears and bottom of the paws is smooth and short, adjacent to the skin. A special feature is the presence of the mane, more pronounced in boys.
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Wool takes several colors:
- Sable: from golden to bright mahogany color.
- Tricolor: pure colors of red, black and white, clear, not mixed.
- Blue Merle: A light or grayish blue background with marbled black splashes.
- Black and black - tan: white spots are required.
According to the owners, the main characteristic of Sheltie is mobility. She lives well in an apartment, but she needs both physical exercise and mental. Special attention should be paid to nutrition, grooming and upbringing.
Sheltie puppies by the age of one can be transferred to 2 meals a day, when feeding with dry food it is better to stop at 3 meals a day.
So in the morning it is better to feed them with cereals (rice, buckwheat, oatmeal), boiled meat and fish with the addition of greens. Evening portion of raw meat and fish with steamed vegetables. It is important that the bowl of food does not stand constantly, the puppy will be satisfied within 10-15 minutes. However, the water should always be clean.
All long-haired breeds are distinguished by their special care for wool. Sheltie puppies love water treatments, so you can not bathe them more than once a week, and special shampoos are best used once a month.
Wool will have to comb often up to 4 times a week, and during the molt (in summer) every day. Tangled and dead hair shreds will not give beauty to your pet. Be sure to conduct this care.
Shelties are herding guard dogs that are active and alert. Owners give feedback about them as noisy dogs. Approaching a stranger will always be marked by a puppy barking, but with proper upbringing, barky bark can be eradicated.
Dogs are very responsive, sociable and conservative, like to be in a big loving family and in the center of attention of their owner. Strong embrace, consistency in the situation and the desire to always please the owner, that is what the Sheltie puppy needs.
Upbringing and training
Sheltie, like any sheepdog, takes only one owner and will obey only its training. A developed mind and intellect gives advantages in education and learning.
The Shetland Sheepdog will not accept strength, cruelty, pain and criticism, and training must be built on friendly relationships. Tactile methods and methods of encouragement help well, although the dog almost always wants to please the owner.
Advantages and disadvantages of the breed
Each breed has its strengths and weaknesses, and Sheltie is no exception.
Let us see what difficulties can be encountered when bringing a puppy home:
- resentment, even painful reactions to criticism of actions,
- loud and filthy barking, as a reaction to strangers.
What advantages have Sheltie puppies:
- mind, intelligence and learning,
- speed, activity, dexterity and jumping,
- quick adaptability (well struggling with their fears, but not without the help of the owner),
- calm and balanced temperament
- miniature breed,
- constantly express devotion and love.
The structure of the body in a miniature collie (Sheltie and Border Collie) is very well-coordinated, muscular with the correct forms.
The growth of the dog at the withers reaches 36 centimeters. Bitch can reach 35 centimeters. There is practically no difference between the sexes.
Canine experts assume that if there is a large deviation in height over two centimeters, then this is considered a serious defect of a dog.
The maximum weight of a mini collie reaches ten kilograms.
The head is wedge-shaped and the skull has a mild occipital tubercle. Eyes beautiful almond-shaped, set a little askew.
Sheltie has a dark brown color and a black and white border collie. Ears are small and close ends set forward. Very strong paws with dense pads.
Sheltie and border collie are very energetic dogs. The little puppy gets along well with children, plays games with them.
In the character of the dog there is loyalty to the owner. If the dog sees that the child is in danger, he will definitely protect him and will not give offense.
Compared with other subspecies of collie, sheltie grows small size.
The guard at home from it obviously will not work, but as a pet and a decorative dog will fit.
It is important to know! Shelly collie has very fragile bones, so you should not start it if there are children under the age of three in the house. They can harm her in a random way.
As a rule, all decorative dogs tend to aggression. Such aggression is not observed.
She very quickly gets along with strangers, receives quietly guests at her master's house, easily get in touch with strangers.
The tail of a small collie, if raised to the top, this means that the dog is in a state of tension and excitement. This condition is often manifested for no apparent reason.
Sometimes, at the sight of strangers, the dog may immediately leave or leave the room with the guests.
This does not mean that the dog did not pay attention to strangers, it is just that shyness is still present within her character trait.
After some time, the dog undergoes adaptation and habituation, it comes out to people with ease. Immediately begins to behave in a friendly, calm, sometimes flirting with people.
The little collie has a very clear voice. Sheltie in spite of its small size has a good light and strong ligaments in the throat.
If the dog is used as a guard, it is better to put it with a larger relative in the pair.
She gets along well and fits with her fellows. High intelligence Sheltie and Border Collie, one can only envy the rest of the dogs.
The pet is easy to learn, seizes everything on the fly, it is enough to show once how the puppy starts to copy everything.
She can learn several teams at once, and even learn how to perform circus tricks. Such talent is transmitted to dogs by genes.
The little collie loves walking and outdoor activities. With her, you need as much time as possible in the fresh rest.
They love to play with children and people, regardless of whether their dog knows or not.
On a note! Miniature dogs (Shelties and Border Collies) love to drive cats, so if a cat already lives in your house, then it is better to abandon the institution of a small collie.
A dog can seriously damage a cat, and it can end with a sad result.
If the animal is dissatisfied with something, it is vehemently expressing loud barking. She starts barking even at night, and it will be difficult to calm her down.
You may notice that the dog may get annoyed without occasion every day. If such moments behind the sheltie are noticed, it is worth changing the diet.
Pets are very active in walking their pets, so you should follow him. Dogs love to chase, not only for cats, but also for cars and bicycles.
Maintenance and care
Despite the fact that miniature collies are pets of small size, they have a very thick coat.
Wool is prone to stalling, so the dog must be combed out. Combing should be done whenever possible daily.
The dog is constantly going wool in lumps. Lumps cause discomfort and pain. If such lumps are found, they should be immediately cut with scissors.
For a beautiful and silky coat, a dog needs to buy a vitamin complex and add it to the diet.
Once a week, give the dog dairy products, for healthy and strong teeth, calcium is needed. Dog teeth should be brushed twice a week.
Miniature Collies, despite their small size, love to eat. It is worth a little to limit the food of dogs. Very often from obesity in dogs obesity occurs.
Miniature collie dogs are susceptible to disease. They can often be found:
This disease can be detected by taking a urine test at a veterinary clinic. Periodic inspections of dogs should be held at least twice a year.
Von Willebrand disease
This disease is genetic and deadly for small collie dogs (sheltie and border). These dogs are potential carriers of the disease.
If the diagnosis is made by a veterinarian, then the dog is left to live for long. As a rule, detection occurs in the first months of puppy life.
If the dog has been exposed to a dangerous disease, it is better to put it to sleep in order to avoid further agony of the puppy.
This disease can be detected in a puppy up to six months. The skin is prone to flaking, rashes and inflammations.
If the disease does not start to heal in time, then it will penetrate into the nervous system and the dog will die.
If the first signs appear, you should definitely seek medical help at a veterinary clinic.
We suggest once again to look at the representatives of the mini collie: sheltie and border collie. For owners of a small living space, their reduced dimensions will be an absolute advantage over full-sized relatives.
Watching the video, you will learn interesting facts of the Sheltie breed. You will also be told why these dogs are such popular pets and are suitable for almost everyone.