Shiba Inu, Shiba-ken and Shiba-Inu (of. Name) - synonyms. "Ciba" per. from Japanese as "small", the words "ken" and "inu" are a dog.
Wild Japanese dogs lived on the islands already in the 5th century BC. From them came all the indigenous rocks of Japan, including Shiba Inu. Small dogs were valued by hunters for their briskness and ability to work in dense thickets, where the speed of larger Inu is decreasing.
Thanks to enthusiasts, the original appearance was able to be kept strictly according to the description of the Siba Inu breed. In order to avoid a repetition of the situation, they were declared national treasure of Japan. As companions are very popular in their homeland and in the USA. There are also many excellent nurseries and loyal fans in Russia.
Externally, Shiba Inu does not stand out among other Asian Spitz: strong build, not heavy, natural proportions, tight belly. Height varies from 37 to 41 cm. This is the smallest representative of the group.
Pointed muzzle should not be narrow. Slightly slanting small eyes with cunning, look firm and tenacious. The erect ears are slightly bent forward, which gives Sibe a concentrated look. The thick tail can be straight or wrapped in a ring.
A typical spitz's coat is a stiff awn and a soft short undercoat. Due to the thick down, the fur is raised, but an adult Shiba Inu, unlike a puppy, does not have to be too plush.
In the version of "black sesame" Shiba Inu looks bright and unusual.
For all colors, a white lower body is obligatory - chin, throat, chest, abdomen, inside of paws and tail. White hair on the face forms a mask, exciting cheekbones and eyebrows.
The standard describes several types:
- black and tan
- sesame (white and black hairs in equal proportion),
- black sesame (black hairs more than white)
- red sesame (black and red hair with a sallow shade).
Very effective completely white Shiba Inu. But such puppies can be considered only as pets, without plans for exhibitions and breeding - they do not match the description of the standard of the breed.
Quite a rare color of Siba Inu - red sesame.
All nippon inu (Japanese aboriginal breeds) have a similar disposition: independent, courageous, without a shadow of slavish worship. They accept only equal partnership and, if they are, render friendly service, and do not obey commands.
"He will bring you the ball. But there will be a special reason" - a quote about Akita Hachiko, perfectly describes Shiba Inu. At first glance, he may seem stubborn, unsociable, and gloomy. It's not like that at all!
They love the owner and the whole family. Very appreciated the attention and respect from home. Behave restlessly if you ignore the pet for a long time. However, violent manifestations of feelings - a great rarity. At home, they are compared to samurai - restrained, but infinitely loyal.
From the "flock" waiting for the same attitude. With rare exceptions, Shiba Inu can not stand obsessive long caress. Although the mood of the pet with pleasure puts the tummy for pruritus. They also play according to their mood, having fun indulging in fun without thinking about their restrained nature.
Relationships with children are different. If this is a schoolboy who was lucidly explained the rules of communication, Shiba Inu would be a great friend to him. For kids, adult dogs are more patient. They may resort to the “upbringing” of the crumbled crumbs - without self-mutilation, but tangibly bite.
To strangers alert or indifferent. They are reluctant to make contact, taking an observant position. Possible aggression towards the obsessive "alien". Growing up on the couch reinforces the innate tendency to keep a distance.
Among the representatives of the breed are many dominant individuals, aggressive towards other dogs of any gender. Often they write that the attitude towards cats is also hostile. But, in the opinion of the owners, Shiby get on well and are even friends with the Murkas, provided they are properly educated.
Breeders strongly recommend choosing a nursery, based on the conditions of the litter. If there are children in the family, then the Shiba Inu puppy should grow up with babies from the first days. Do you have cats at home? Look for a cattery in which cats are allowed to the nursery for puppies.
Shiba Inu get along well with cats - provided they get acquainted with them from puppyhood.
Nuances of education, training
In this case, it is absolutely impossible to "build" a pet, "crushing" it for yourself. Attempts to portray the leader will be ignored at best. At worst, they will lead to open conflict. And the harder the pressure is, the more obvious the response will be.
To achieve obedience, Shiba Inu must be recognized as equal. For the view, of course. In practice, this means the absence of rudeness for no apparent reason, game training, punishment with facial expressions and voice. And also readiness for the fact that even a perfectly educated dog will sometimes ignore commands. Just. With no reason. Well, now there is no mood to run after the stick.
It makes no sense to try to overcome the "bane" pet with the help of force. But you can outwit him.
But serious "violations" are stopped strictly and immediately. For example, if a cute puppy thinks of growling at a family member (and he will almost certainly think of one day, the character of a breed is like this), he should be sharply shaken by the scruff and pressed to the floor before "limping." Without a cry, without a single emotion. The goal is not in intimidation or humiliation, but in the designation of boundaries. So bitches chuckling guilty puppies - softly, but sensitive.
Most growing up Shiba Inu demonstrate independence, sometimes with a look as if to say: "I don’t really need me, man." This behavior is more common in males, and lasts from 4 months to a year with a "tail".
During this period, it is important to prove its worth, the dog literally has to understand: "I cannot do without him." It is necessary to deliberately put a pet in a position from which he can not leave without the help of the owner. No less effective are situations in which the dog feels insecure, and is forced to seek support. For example:
- travel by public transport
- leave the bag of food in a prominent position, on a raised platform
- often go with your pet for a visit, to dog grounds, to exhibitions (even if as a spectator).
The more such situations, the faster Ceba recognizes the usefulness of close trusting relationships. And as soon as this happens, problems with obedience will go to the level "sometimes I don’t want to do this, but you must be humbled for the sake of our friendship. "
The described disobedience can be activated at any time, but more often, the "I do not hear anyone" mode is activated on walks. Hunting instinct, innate desire for research, aggression to other dogs - the reasons for bad behavior weight.
At such moments, the favorite will not even turn his head at the cry "To me." And it can easily run away, not at all afraid to lose sight of the owner. That is, the usual tactic of “turning around and leaving” in such cases is unlikely to work.
In the city, even the educated Shiba Inu are walking only on a leash. Many breeders recommend to unfasten the leash exclusively in the fenced area.
Socialization reduces the frequency of problems. In addition, if Siba is not accustomed to an eventful street environment, the likelihood of impatience syndrome is high. Aggression or cowardice will prevail in any non-standard situation.
Give priority to meaningful activities, rather than just wandering around the yard.
Walking curious Shib loves. And plays with pleasure, if the contact between him and the owner is established. The need for physical and mental stress is high - the breed is not suitable for people busy from morning to evening.
Super speeds and prizes in agility should not be expected, but as a charge for the body and a discharge for the mind - the very thing.
Already at the age of two weeks, many puppies react violently to attempts at physical limitations: they squeal, hiss, scream and protest with the most unbelievable sounds. By the way, Siba’s bark is rare. But the range of other sounds being made is incredibly wide.
Punishing such behavior only hurts - the final loss of confidence will lead to a zealous resistance to any manipulation. Dogs of this breed are trained to care like cats! That is, without coercion, gently, after active games, acting confidently and calmly.
Resists? Distract and try again. And further. And so on until complete surrender. Of course, if instead of "death squeals," aggression is activated, by the scruff of the neck and towards the floor.
Natural appearance without the "show of excesses" implies easy care of the pet. But wool requires regular attention. They molten profusely, seasonally. Males undress on the stress of sexual arousal, bitches - after each estrus, after childbirth.
As a rule, the molt lasts about a month, except for the junior one: a change of wool for an adult fur coat can go for three months, and sometimes even longer. Vitamins during this period can not be given - molting will be delayed.
To speed up the process, breeders recommend combing a shedding pet daily. It is convenient to work with a puhoderka or a rotating rake - they do not damage the spine, easily “pulling out” the dying down. It is impossible to comb on dry - at first slightly moisten the wool with special oil or conditioner.
Well removes the furminator undercoat - a rake with two rows of blades. Sometimes one or two combings are enough to stop the molting. But with a lack of experience, you can take a trot, which will be restored for several months. Therefore, the furminator should not be used on exhibition dogs.
If in winter the dog faded to the bald spots, we recommend putting on the jumpsuit, going for a long walk. If the moult is moderate, it is not necessary to warm up - the Sibi can tolerate cold, as well as the heat.
Bathing Shiba Inu is not easy because of the rich undercoat.
- The fur coat only gets wet from above, remaining completely dry. To wash the wool well, you need to water it for a long time against the growth of the shower, occasionally zhamkaya strands.
- It is advisable to use a professional shampoo. Human cosmetics quickly drains the awn, which leads to constant molting.
- After bathing the wool is soaked in absorbent suede. It is sold in car dealerships (quality is not worse, but at a price several times cheaper than a "special" dog). An ordinary towel will not take half the moisture from a thick fur coat.
- Wash Shiba Inu for the night so that at least 8 hours pass before the first walk after swimming. Exceptions are made only in summer in good weather, when there is no danger of hypothermia in a draft. The dense undercoat remains wet for a long time, although when looking, it seems that the pet is already completely dry.
- Without the need for a hair dryer, it is better not to use it, especially if it is not a professional tool (it will dry out wool). The preparation for the exhibition is elementary, but there are still some tricks - take a couple of lessons from the breeder.
You're on the right track if your dog looks like this during a wash. 🙂
All Japanese root breeds are distinguished by good health. Among them, there are often long-livers, who retain their good form until old age. Of course, subject to proper maintenance, proper feeding and genetic "purity."
The list of hereditary diseases is small. The main problems include diseases of the eyes and joints: osteochondritis, patella, dysplasia of the elbow / hip joints. But since the size of Shiba Inu is medium, articular ailments are less common than, for example, among larger Akit or Molossians.
However, the choice of a nursery must be approached responsibly, since congenital diseases are not amenable or poorly treatable. Siba is not the most popular breed, but due to the high cost of puppies in breeding there are commercial breeders. It is desirable that both parents of the litter have documents confirming genetic health.
From the history of the breed
Historians and archaeologists claim that the Japanese Shiba Inu dog lived on Earth two and a half thousand years ago. But about a hundred years ago, she was on the verge of extinction. Thanks to the measures taken in time (in 1928) for the preservation of the ancient species, tangible positive results were obtained, and the livestock gradually began to increase.
In 1934, the first standard of this amazing breed was approved, and around this time it was recognized as the national treasure of Japan. Today, the hunting skills of these animals are practically not used. Now Shiba Inu's dog is first and foremost a great companion, friend, and pet. Over time, these animals became popular in Europe, North America, Australia.
Even non-professionals recognize that this is a very beautiful dog. Interestingly, Japanese dog show judges and manufacturers pay great attention to the sexual characteristics of these cute animals, which should be pronounced. Shiba Inu's dog should not be in doubt: the dog in front of you or the female is immediately understandable.
The backbone of a dog should be much more powerful than that of a bitch, the muscles are dense, the head is large and wide, with pronounced podzhechnye bones and a rather short nose. Even the look and the general position of the head look nobly masculine.
The bitch on the contrary, should always have a smaller bones, not so developed muscles, and the tail should be thinner. The expression of the eyes of the female shiba-inu is meek, and the whole posture of the body is very elegant.
According to the standard, the height of the dog does not exceed 39.5 cm, and the bitch - 36.5 cm. The tolerance is ± 1.5. Dogs weigh up to 14 kg, bitches - up to 13 kg.
A cute, well-built Japanese dog Shiba Inu has a large head that looks a bit like a fox. The wide skull is characterized by a pronounced transition from the forehead to the muzzle, which narrows closer to the nose. The lips are of medium thickness, fit snugly. The paws are short, the tail is set high and rolled into a ring.
Shiba inu: colors
This animal has a luxurious thick coat. It is short, dense, a little harsh to the touch. There is a dense soft undercoat. Very cute dog breed Shiba Inu. Its colors can be different, but always bright and saturated: it is sesame color (red hair with black tips) and white, black with yellow or ginger tan, tiger.
Any dark color according to the standard should have lighter areas located on the sides of the muzzle, on the cheekbones, on the chest and neck, on the inner surface of the paws, on the stomach.
The Shiba Inu breed is distinguished by an independent and rather capricious character, which, without proper training, can cause confusion with the owner. These are bold and hardy animals. A strong-willed and decisive owner who can break the stubbornness of his pet and prove his leadership in relations with Shiba Inu will cope with their upbringing.
Puppies of this breed are absolutely charming creatures, therefore owners often make the same mistake - they spoil the baby, and he very quickly begins to use it. If you feel that you can not resist the charm of this crumbs, ask for help from a professional dog handler.
Today Shiba Inu's dog is a great companion, because she still has a strong hunting instinct. That is why we should not forget about the early socialization of such a pet and its upbringing. Greater attention to itself does not require Shiba Inu. Puppies from the first days of appearance in the house show their independence and restraint. Despite this, in communicating with children, they seem to forget about "good manners" and can play with them, cheerfully, for several hours in a row. These are very energetic dogs that will make a company for jogging, cycling and sporting events.
Sometimes representatives of this breed may show aggression against dogs and strangers. This is explained by the fact that they are the exclusive owners and will not allow anyone to what they consider to be their own - furniture or toys, a plot of the house and even the owner himself. This dog will obey and will become a loyal friend only to an experienced dog breeder, who loves serious and productive work with "complex" four-legged pets.
Maintenance and care
These magnificent animals are distinguished by some incredible, not characteristic of the animal accuracy. Shiba Inu very closely monitor their appearance: do not go into dirty places, bypass puddles, very carefully lick paws after a walk.
The wool of this dog practically does not get dirty, and therefore care for it is quite simple. It is periodically necessary to brush the hair with a coarse bristle brush. Bathe this dog only when necessary.
In the fall and spring, Shiba Inu shed, and very strongly, therefore at this time they need to be combed twice a day. In addition, such a pet needs all the hygienic procedures that are required for all dogs - cleaning the ears and teeth, trimming claws. In food, the dog is not picky: it does not require a varied diet and costs a small amount of food. Quite comfortable feeling shiba-inu and in a city apartment, and in the aviary of a country house.
Upbringing and training
Cynologists are convinced that by nature an inflexible and weak person will not be able to make contact with this animal. These dogs are trying from a puppy age to establish their leadership in the house. Животное стремится, чтобы хозяин кормил его, когда собака голодна, уходил с облюбованного ею кресла, подходил по первому зову.You must agree that in many ways their wishes are similar to the owner, so there is often a confrontation between them, which should be controlled by a person.
At a very early age, Shiba Inu show their hot temperament and irrepressible energy. Puppies between themselves arrange noisy brawls, figuring out who is the main one in the aviary. Completely charming creatures in relationships with people and most other domestic animals, having met with representatives of their breed, they turn into temperamental fighters. For all puppies, this trait manifests itself in different ways, so each case should be discussed with the breeder.
The life expectancy of these animals is fifteen to seventeen years. Shiba Inu most often suffer from hereditary diseases - dysplasia, dislocation of the patella, hypothyroidism, von Willebrand's disease. Some owners have noted the deterioration of the view of their pets (not age). It is possible progressive atrophy of the retina, cataracts, and sometimes a volvulus (entropion).
There are allergic reactions to shampoo and food. In this regard, acquiring a puppy, do not be lazy to ask the breeder for a medical card of his parents.
Shiba Inu: price
Today, such a charming pet can be purchased in a specialized nursery, and from trusted and reliable private breeders. Only in the bird market, you are unlikely to acquire a healthy and purebred Shiba Inu. The price of a purebred puppy with all the necessary documents and vaccinations is at least two thousand dollars.
An animal without a breeding or exhibition perspective, as well as without a full package of the required documents will cost you five hundred dollars.
In the classification of the International Canine Federation, the dog is classified in group 5 "Spitz and breeds of the primitive type", section "Asian spitz and related breeds".
Shiba Inu are small dogs. They have a proportional body structure, have a stable bones and good muscles.
Males stronger, bigger and taller bitches. The height of boys is 38.5-41.5 centimeters, for girls - 35.5-38.5 centimeters, weight, respectively - 9-14 kilograms and 8-13 kilograms.
Lifespan 12-15 years.
The main color is red (80% of the livestock), black with tan, sesame is found. The specific Japanese term “urazhiro” is applied to the color requirements of this dog - it is white wool, which should be on the sides of the muzzle, on the cheekbones and further seize the underside of the neck, throat, underbelly, lower limbs and tail. The lack of "urager" is considered a disadvantage for the breed.
Health, typical diseases
Shiba Inu dogs are native and are in good health without significant genetic abnormalities.
Of the hereditary in the breed recorded cases of the disease:
- von Willebrand disease (spontaneous bleeding),
- thyroid disease (hypothyroidism),
- eye diseases
- separate disappearance of pigmentation,
- hip dysplasia,
- patella offset,
- Koenig disease (displacement of cartilage into the joint cavity).
To exclude provocative risks of hereditary diseases, self-medication should not be allowed. The use of drugs without a doctor's prescription can cause a reaction in the dog's body in the form of sudden bleeding, tearing, redness of the eyes.
Mandatory procedures should include regular visits to the veterinarian with a preventive purpose: they require inspection of the pet's eyes and ears, control of the development and formation of the joints, the general condition of the dog. It is recommended to take a cataract test.
Timely vaccination, deworming and anti-parasitic treatment of dogs is necessary. It is better to clarify the terms of these events in the veterinary clinic.
Follow the doctor's recommendations to avoid problems in the health of your pet.
Shiba Inu is a very interesting and spectacular breed. The dog has an independent character: it is waiting for cooperation with the person and will not be a dog-servant.
It is more of a companion dog. As for hunting instincts, they have been preserved in shiba-inu and, subject to their development, hunting may take place. The owner needs to be very careful when he is in a crowded place with a shiba-inu: because of the hunting instinct, the dog may react to any unfamiliar animal in its own way.
The pet is devoted to the owner, treats the family with a positive and waits for the same attention to itself. Gets along well with children. Shiba Inu is ideal for teens.
Most importantly, the owner was interested in communicating with the dog. If you do not pay attention to the pet for a long time, then the animal begins to get nervous, but it is also not inclined to long caress. This dog does not express violent feelings and tries to keep at some distance from the owner.
As for training, the animal must be interested, then Shiba Inu with pleasure and great desire to learn. The dog is intelligent and quick-witted, quickly realizes that the owner wants from it, but does not tolerate rudeness and coercion.
Shiba Inu gets along well with other animals, even cats, with the exception of rodents and birds, which he considers prey.
The dog is very enduring, on an instinctive level, has an instant reaction and a sensitive ear, walks at high speed on walks, gladly runs after a bicycle or on morning jogs with the owner. In case of suspicious sounds, be sure to notify with ringing barking.
To train a dog owner will need patience, perseverance, caution and delicacy. The dog is not recommended for beginners.
Due to its intelligence, the animal can occupy itself for hours. Favorite activity is contemplation of the outside world: a dog can sit and watch events in the yard from the window or follow a natural phenomenon, such as rain.
Education dogs should begin with puppy age. Shiba Inu needs early socialization: if a puppy is not immediately accustomed to people, then she will never get used to them.
He does not approve of a dog leash with a collar and this will also require considerable efforts by the owner to agree with the dog on a tolerant attitude towards accessories.
How to choose a puppy
European nurseries started breeding the breed at the end of the 20th century, and in Russia nurseries appeared about ten years ago. To purchase a healthy purebred puppy, it is best to contact a specialized nursery.
Inspection of a puppy should be carried out at home by the breeder in order to assess the conditions of the animal and, if possible, meet the parents of the four-legged pet. When examining a puppy and to exclude hereditary diseases, it is necessary to clarify the presence of tests of its parents.
A healthy puppy is playful, has a good appetite and a normal stool. The puppy's coat glistens, there are no fleas.
Shiba Inu puppies are clean, so do not require special care. The most important thing is to be allocated a warm place away from drafts.
If the puppy has played enough and fell asleep, then you need to wake him up.
The biggest problem in the care of Shiba Inu is the care of wool, fur in wild-type dogs, double: coarse guard hair and soft undercoat. The dog moult occurs in spring and autumn. During this period, you must properly comb your pet and clean the wool from dirt, first allowing it to dry.
In order for the fur to be in excellent condition, a balanced feed with sufficient amount of necessary fats is required. It must be remembered that allergic reactions to feed or care products are possible. Therefore, when choosing a diet and drugs, it is better to consult with a veterinarian.
Require regular care of the eyes and ears of a pet. If you find tearing or excessive plaque in the ears, it is better to contact a veterinary clinic specialist; do not self-medicate.
As necessary, the animal's claws are trimmed, which will be carried out by a specialist of a veterinary clinic using a tool intended for this purpose.
For the healthy development of a puppy and in the future an adult dog will require constant active walks.
Pros and cons of breed
- versatility: companion and hunting,
- smiling dog
- spectacular appearance
- intelligence and mind
- treats children well.
- actively expresses facial expressions and movements in relation to the owner’s unloved team,
- profusely shedding
- need the help of professional dog trainers during training,
- in the absence of loads, they can apply all their energy to the "destruction" of the house,
- tendency to escape.
Little Japanese "chanterelle" will become the best friend, if properly raised from childhood, and, of course, does not lose interest in this process throughout her life.
The origin of the breed
The Shiba Inu dog is from Japan. It is known for about 2500 years and for a long time was considered an exclusively indigenous breed. However, historians have evidence that the ancestors of these beautiful animals were known much earlier. The first mention of such dogs are found in the 3000s BC. It was an exclusively hunting breed, from which they walked not only on small animals, but even on wild boars and bears.
It is interesting! Despite the established cult of the breed in Japan, about 100 years ago, the breed began to rapidly degenerate. It began with the fact that Japan became more open to the country of foreigners, and many European dogs appeared in the country,
Because of this, the cleanliness of the Siba-Inu breed was disturbed. The breed was miraculously saved due to the fact that the Siba Inu was declared a national treasure. In 1934, the official breed standards and its description appeared, it received world recognition, becoming one of the favorite among dog breeders and breeders.
Description, the appearance of Siba Inu
Shiba Inu is a medium sized dog. The height at the withers of representatives of this breed ranges from 38 to 41 centimeters, and the weight is from 10 to 12 kilograms. Males are on average 15-20% larger than females. Despite its rather modest size, this is a very strong and brave breed of dogs.
Her beauty can be quite diverse, but the face of a Shiba Inu should be a few tones lighter than the main color, forming a kind of light mask. The main and main difference of this breed from others is a peculiar expression of its muzzle, when it seems as if she is smiling, which makes her very cute and fits perfectly with the cheerful and independent character of these animals.
Despite their good-natured appearance, these animals seem to be made for hunting.This says a powerful, perfectly developed jaw of a dog with a good bite. Paws of the Siba Inu are very strong, of medium length. The body is strong, well developed, and proportioned.
According to the approved world standards, the following colors of Shiba-inu are allowed: red, black and tan, sesame, a wide variety of combinations of black, white and red. Particular attention is paid to the mask on the face, it should be much brighter than the main color.
Completely white dogs are very rare, this is probably the rarest and most spectacular color, however such animals are not allowed to participate in exhibitions. The fact is that such a color, despite all the beauty, is considered a sign of breed degeneration.
Tail - medium in thickness, wrapped in a sickle or a steep ring. The eyes are small, slightly slanting. The ears are erect, with a slight inclination forward. The coat is hard, the undercoat is thick and dense, which is why the little shiba-inu puppies create the impression of a plush toy.
This breed of dogs has a very independent temper. Because of this, they are often considered a stupid breed, it is completely in vain. They simply demand respect and a decent attitude. In training, this is really a very difficult breed and is suitable only for experienced people.
To achieve the desired result can only be patient. In addition to high intelligence, many breeders note the cunning and insidiousness of some members of this breed.. Shiba Inu treats strangers calmly, but wary, playing and accepting affection by mood.
They get along badly with other animals, yet the hunter's instinct affects. Such hostility is also explained by the fact that the Siba-Inu zealously protect their territory from any encroachment.
Important! Relations with children at Siba-Inu are different. If the child explains the rules of behavior with such a dog, then there will be no problems.
In general, it is a very active and cheerful pet, not aggressive towards people. But the owners of this breed of dogs should not relax. During the upbringing, difficulties often arise because of the wayward nature of the Shiba Inu. Unfortunately, it often happens that illiterate owners, having failed to cope with a pet, refuse it and, at best, donate it to a shelter.
Hereditary diseases that can greatly shorten the life of your pet at Siba Inu virtually none. With proper care, good nutrition and regular visits to the vet, the dog can live 10-15 years.
It is interesting! The maximum age of the Shiba Inu, which was officially recorded is 18 years.
But usually the ceiling of longevity is 16 years. For a pedigree dog, this is a pretty good indicator for longevity. They retain their activity to the most respectable age.
Siba Inu maintenance
For the maintenance of such an active dog suitable large country house with a plot. Siba-inu requires daily long walks and exercise. The usual walk on the playground is not suitable for such active dogs. Long runs and even led walks - this is what is necessary for these restless hunters.
Although the Shiba Inu is a small breed, the city apartment will be cramped for such a dog, it needs space. Representatives of this breed are very attached to their territory and this makes them wonderful watchmen.
Such a dog will not be able to frighten uninvited guests with appearance, but it will do quite a lot of noise. At the same time, he never barks just like that, without doing anything. It is also worth considering that the Shiba Inu can be perceived as the subject of hunting of smaller dogs or cats.
Therefore, it is necessary to choose a time for walking, when the probability of meeting other animals is minimal. As a rule, this applies only to young dogs, with age and with proper upbringing, this harmful trait of character can be suppressed.
Shiba Inu are very clean dogs, they bypass puddles and try not to get dirty at all, so it is not necessary to wash them after a walk, you just have to clean them well with a special brush. In most cases, they lick themselves.
Important! You can brush your pet once every two or three weeks, and during the molt you will have to do it more often - in about a day, which is due to the thick thick undercoat.
Ears and eyes are cleaned as needed. Claws are usually clipped in the winter when the dog does not have the opportunity to grind them naturally. Bathe Shiba Inu enough once every half year, but if your dog likes it, then you can often. In general, they do not require special care and this is a big plus of the Shiba Inu breed.
Diet - how to feed Shiba
Siba Inu - the dog is very active and, accordingly, it needs to eat well. If you want to save yourself from unnecessary worries, then use premium feed. There is no special feed for this breed, therefore it is allowed to use any feed for medium or small dogs. However, you can use natural food. If you decide to go this way, it is better to give porridge in meat broth, lean meat, less often you can add offal to the diet.
Once a month, be sure to connect lean fish, (best fit tuna), as well as vegetables. As a vitamin supplement, you can occasionally add dry algae to food. Puppies need to be fed 4-6 times a day, adult dogs - twice a day. Such a diet will help your pet stay in great shape for many years.
It is imperative to pay attention to the fact that Shiba Inu did not transmit, these dogs are prone to obesity, which can provoke a number of diseases. Dogs of this breed are also prone to allergies, at the first signs of it, just change the feed. Older dogs older than 10 years old are fed wet food, as their teeth may deteriorate with age.
Diseases, breed defects
Siba Inu are animals with high immunity, however, they also have a number of serious hereditary diseases. Scientists are working on this problem. The first group of diseases is dysplasia of the joints, dislocation of the patella and hypothyroidism.. It is obesity that can provoke this group of diseases, since overweight increases the load on the musculoskeletal system.
Therefore, control how much food your pet eats. The second group of diseases refers to the organs of vision. This is a twisted century and a cataract. If you have problems, immediately contact a specialist. And the third group is a tendency to food allergies and hair care products. At the first manifestations of intolerance, you should change the diet. However, it should be noted that these diseases are much less common in Siba-Inu than in other purebred dogs.
Buy Siba Inu - Tips, Recommendations
Перед тем, как купить щенка этой редкой породы, стоит ознакомиться с ветеринарными свидетельствами его родителей. Таким образом, вы узнаете всё о состоянии здоровья и обезопасите себя от покупки животного с наследственными дефектами и пороками.
Ещё стоит обратить внимание на цену, если она слишком низкая, это также должно насторожить. Такие щенки могут быть от случайной вязки. These simple tips will protect you from unnecessary problems and waste.
Where to buy, what to look for
Buy puppies of the Siba Inu dog should only be in special kennels.. There are not many of them in Russia, therefore, inquiring from the owners, you can easily find a good breeder. So you will be sure that you get a healthy animal with a good pedigree.
It is worth paying attention to the state of the puppies, they should be active and fun. Also note the presence of vaccinations by age, it is very important.
The price of Shiba Inu
This breed is quite rare for Russia and the price of such dogs is quite high.
It is interesting! So a puppy of a show class of the Siba-Inu breed will cost you from 90,000 to 110,000 rubles, and if the color is rare, then the price can reach 150,000 rubles. With such a dog you will be able to participate in any exhibitions, and also get the right to elite mating in nurseries.
Puppies in a class below will cost from 50,000 to 70,000 rubles. If you take an animal without a pedigree from random mating, the price will be approximately 20,000 rubles. But with such dogs you will not be able to participate in elite international exhibitions. They may also suffer from hereditary diseases that will not manifest themselves immediately, but only in adulthood.
The Shiba Inu breed is an active animal with a unique appearance that will not leave anyone indifferent. Although it is of modest size and rarely barks, it is an excellent watchman. With such a dog, you will always be the center of attention of other owners, and it will become your loyal friend and helper. Good luck to you and your furry pet!
Shiba Inu history
Dogs similar in appearance to Shiba Inu lived in Japan more than three thousand years ago. This is evidenced by ceramic figures found by archaeologists, as well as genetic research.
After the mass delivery of hunting dogs to Japan from England, the appearance of the Siba-Inu began to change, the purebred individuals became less and less.
1936 is the year of recognition of the Siba Inu as a separate breed. To save the exterior, a group of enthusiasts made every effort. And now this breed is one of the most beloved in Japan.
Features of appearance
Shiba Inu is a small dog with a strong, proportional physique and noble appearance. The back is wide and strong, the paws are powerful, the fat tail rests on the back, forming a ring. The head is wide with a pointed muzzle, the ears are triangular in shape, and the eyes are almond-shaped, brown in color.
The coat of this dog is special, it is arranged in three layers: the upper one with the coarsest and most long hair, the middle coat is less long, and the undercoat is soft and short. The length of the hair is the same on all parts of the body except for the muzzle, where the hair is somewhat shorter, the hair is adjacent to the body over all surfaces except the bushy tail.
Such different shiba inu. Photo: Shiba Inu Hawaii Coat Color:
- Black or red with reddish or whitish spots.
- Zonary, that is, with a paler color at the base of the hairs and black color of the tips. This color is called sesame, and it can be of different types:
- Red sesame - red hair with black ends.
- Sesame - a mixture of white and black hair.
- Black sesame - with a predominance of black over white.
- Light sand and almost white colors - they are undesirable for the breed.
- Bright red - most often you saw just such a Shiba Inu, this color is preferred.
The main differences of Shiba Inu from Akita Inu
Sometimes Shiba Inu is confused with Akita Inu. Despite some similarities in the appearance of these Japanese breeds, they are independent.
Photo: Marie annick Parisot In addition to height, which in Akita reaches 70 cm, dogs also differ in character:
- Akita Inu is a calm and solid dog, it behaves “like an adult”, Shiba Inu also remains a puppy even as an adult
- Akita is an extremely unobtrusive and affectionate dog, Shiba Inu is an owner and often shows it with a militant attitude towards things and people
- Akita is more of a guard dog, Siba is a hunting dog.
Why you may not be suitable Siba Inu
Sibu should not start if:
- A person cannot give her enough time
- Can not provide regular physical activity
- Can't fight back and say no
- There are other animals or small children at home - these dogs can be owners, they can be jealous of things as well as people.
The decision to have a Siba Inu dog must be conscious. It is also not worth buying a puppy “as a gift,” the person to whom you will present him may simply not be ready for such responsibility.
To whom Shiba Inu fits first
Shiba Inu will be your faithful and well-bred friend if you:
- A man with a strong-willed and determined character,
- Lead an active lifestyle
- Have you already had a dog or are you responsible for raising animals,
- If you have grown children, dogs are very affectionate, but the previous points should be taken into account.
How to buy a Shiba Inu puppy
You can buy a puppy in several ways:
- Have an official breed breeder at a canine club,
- By an ad on the Internet,
- In the bird market, with the hands.
By choosing a breeder should also be consciously approached. There should not be many litters during the year; a large number of puppies increases the risk of various canine infections, and the puppies will not be given proper attention and care.
Photo: ChikoBirdyhof A breeder must give assurances that you can return the puppy for any reason, and the sale must be at least 8 weeks old. Puppies are sold only after twice giving the drug against worms and staging the first puppy vaccine at 4-6 weeks of age. These data are entered into the veterinary passport and secured with official seals of the veterinary clinic.
Male or bitch
The nature of the dog from the bitch is different: the males are more playful and sociable, while the females are calmer and require less attention than the males.
For beginner owners, the Shiba Inu bitch is more suitable: the female has a softer character, more gentle. This does not negate the educational measures, but with a dog should be generally stricter.
It should be noted that at the time of estrus, the female becomes more aggressive, and males, sensing a current bitch, can lose their head, break off the leash.
Photo: tadayoshi527 After mating, the character and the dog and bitch may change somewhat. Under the influence of hormones, animals will need regular mating. Without them, dogs can be more aggressive and disobedient.
Also, the lack of regular matings and pregnancies with childbirth can adversely affect the health of the animal. Therefore, the owner should decide for himself even before the purchase: whether he will let the dog into the breeding industry or sterilize it.
Choosing a puppy
Direct selection of the puppy from the litter is carried out after evaluation of the entire offspring. Puppies should be in good contact with each other during the game and boldly approach people. Temperament of a puppy should not differ aggression or excessive shyness.
Photo: Julie A puppy can be purchased by you both “for the soul” and for visiting exhibitions and competitions.
Regardless of the purpose of the acquisition, a Siba Inu puppy should:
- be agile and playful,
- have clean eyes, ears and tail,
- meet the basic standards of the breed,
- don't be afraid of people and other dogs
- Do not be angry or cowardly.
You will learn more about choosing a puppy from the subject article.
The show dog must comply with the FCI standard No. 257 dated February 9, 2017, which can be found on the official website of the International Canine Federation.
Content in the apartment
Shiba Inu is a very sociable and active dog, so in order to keep the apartment in order, the dog should be provided with regular, sometimes exhausting exercise.
Photo: Sal. A huge amount of energy sometimes becomes not a pleasant surprise for people who take a puppy to an apartment. In the absence of physical fatigue, the “destructive properties” of a Shiba Inu can be inferior only to the devastating nature of the Huskies. The presence of many interesting things makes Siba delighted, she wants to learn everything, try for a tooth. She does it not because of the harmful nature, she just wants to play.
What can a Shiba Inuu transform your apartment from boredom (video)
With the observance of the main rules of keeping a dog: physical activity and education - such situations can be avoided. Also stay in the apartment should be made safe: hide the wires and small objects.
The pet must have a personal bed, a separate place for meals, adjustable in height bowls for food and water.
Yard and captive content
When keeping a Shiba inu in the yard, it should be remembered that they do not like leads and collars, and a strongly developed hunting instinct gives a tendency to escape.
At a minimum, a dog should have a place to sleep and rest, for example, a booth with a stove bench inside. To put such an active dog on a chain is undesirable, this can lead to excessive aggression on the part of the animal.
Natural feeding can include varieties of fish containing healthy fats - salmon or tuna, meat products - duck or lamb, as the main source of protein and fat. The type of protein food should be one, and the fish or meat itself should be heat treated - this will reduce the risk of developing allergies. To transfer the animal from one type of feed to another need to gradually. As a source of carbohydrates suitable crumbly rice porridge.
Vegetables rich in vitamins and fiber should be added to the diet. Useful and fermented milk skim products, if they are well tolerated by animals.
If necessary, apply therapeutic and prophylactic food against allergies, in which the protein molecule is broken down into smaller components.
Before buying a puppy, you need to find out from the breeder what he ate before selling, what his mother ate.
A puppy is fed 4-5 times a day at the age of 2-3 months, the portion gradually increases, and the number of feedings by 6 months is reduced to three.
The basis of the small dog's diet is ready-made puppy fish food, low-fat dairy products, provided they are tolerated, raw and boiled vegetables and fruits (zucchini, pumpkin, apples) and rice.
It is necessary to give the puppy specialized supplements rich in fatty acids and calcium for proper skeleton formation.
Provided the puppy is well tolerated, such a diet is continued even after reaching 6 - 8 months, changing the volume of servings and their number per day.