In the article I will consider the conditions of care and maintenance, cultivation of the plant Anubias nana. I will list the features of appearance. I will consider with what other aquarium plants it is compatible, and with which the neighborhood is unacceptable. I'll tell you the rules of landing and possible problems with breeding.
Description and characteristics of Anubias Nana
Anubias barter is able to reach 45 cm. This species does not belong to small-sized, therefore it is popular.
- It grows in the form of a bush and covers the bottom of the aquarium.
- Large leaves have an oval shape. In length, they reach 6 cm. The shoots are powerful, so they often overlap each other. The result is a dense layer of greenery at the bottom of the aquarium.
- The leaves are tight to the stem. From the base they have a bright color. Green color glitters. A large number of veins are visible on the stems. At the same time they are thin and fragile.
- It grows quickly and develops due to creeping root system. It does not go deep into the ground.
The view is characterized by the following advantages:
- Does not respond to changes in water quality.
- It does not require a certain intensity of sunlight.
- Unique decorative properties.
- Reproduction by vegetative means.
- Low shrubs. They do not need regular pruning.
When buying it is recommended to pay attention to its disadvantages:
- Optimal for the plant is considered a tropical climate.
- In heavy water, growth is slow.
- In the aquarium blooms extremely rarely.
- The soil must be nutritious.
Application for decoration of the aquarium
The plant is recommended to have in the foreground. With its help it is possible to create the effect of a lawn or bushes.
Due to this, it is possible to create an optimal landscape design.
The adaptability of Anubias Nana to a variety of conditions allows you to keep it in aquariums
To create a forest effect, it is recommended to alternate with higher plantations. The plant is ideal for the implementation of design ideas. Man does not have to limit imagination. He can safely take up the implementation of the idea.
Reproduction and growth
The plant reaches up to 15 cm in length. The young shoot must be in optimal temperature conditions. A person will need to create a tropical climate in the aquarium. For escaping soft water is optimal. Moreover, its temperature should be more than 1 degree. If you follow these rules, the escape is actively growing and multiplying.
It grows at the expense of rhizome. A detailed examination can reveal small buds above the surface. The process indicates readiness for reproduction. From each kidney over time should mature bush.
When planting the appendix rhizome should be buried in the ground to the base of the leaves
The child process can be separated during the formation of the root system. The process does not require human intervention. The plant reproduces in shifts only in its natural habitat. They fall to the ground and germinate. A young shoot is formed quickly.
The process takes place in the spring. After its completion, seeds that quickly germinate enter the soil. Vegetative reproduction is effective. However, this is not the fastest way to form a green space. The young plant is quickly formed from shoots. They can be transplanted only after the escape becomes quite strong.
Possible plant problems
Bushes nana resistant and hardy. They do not suffer even with prolonged transportation. Appearance persists for a long time. Leaves may be mechanically injured. After it, they are quickly restored. Cases of continued growth are recorded even after damage to the root system. After transplantation, the shoot quickly recovers its strength and continues to grow actively.
It grows slowly, but releases several sheets at once. The shrub can also be dormant for a long period of time. Such a process is considered normal in winter or during adaptation.
When choosing an aquarium plant, you should carefully analyze its advantages and disadvantages.
. The grass has a bright color and quickly fills the area. The planting continues to grow throughout the year. It does not require special care and reproduces in a vegetative way on its own. With the help of the bush you can decorate not only the bottom, but also the surface of the aquarium.
Appearance and structure
Anubias nana (another name "dwarf") - subspecies of Anubias Barter. Hydrophyte. The plant feels great not only in water, but also in moist air.
Anubias nana is short. It grows up to 10 cm in height, sometimes a little more, but not higher than fifteen. Its leaves are hard, dark green, glossy, almost oval, 3-4 cm in size, sometimes larger, but not more than 7 cm. Strong stalks, leaves tightly cover the rhizome.
The root does not penetrate deep into the soil; rather, it spreads over it. In this case, the plant firmly clings to the substrate by small branches of the roots.
The central part of the root is strong and thick, lengthens as the bush grows, and new leaves grow from the creeping rhizomes. Individual individuals eventually form dense thickets.
As a result of selection from the dwarf anubias, several varieties were obtained, differing in size, shape and pattern on the leaf plates.
In other words, when placed in other conditions of existence, new varieties will not retain their distinctive features.
How to care and maintain
Anubiasas nana do not complain about their content because of the high ability to adapt to environmental conditions. Content is possible in almost any home aquarium or aquaterrarium. They, like algae, can live a long time without water, without saturated lighting. This plant is unpretentious to the parameters of water.
To plant Anubias nana, the rhizome should be fixed on a tree or stone. Also able to grow in the ground. The parameters of the soil do not have special significance, as the soil will be suitable unwashed sand, soil with admixtures of clay and peat.
A deep pit is not required for planting, the roots of the plant are dense and diverge horizontally over time, forming branches. In the rivers of its roots bloom on stones and kryagam. Enough to land Anubias, putting it on the sand without deepening the rhizome.
For Anubias Nana requires lighting with a large supply of shadow. They are accustomed to the fact that they were covered by coastal plants, hiding from the sun's rays. On tropical shores, shadow or half-shade always reigns. Even the name Anubias is derived from the name of the ancient Egyptian god Anubis, the patron saint of the kingdom of darkness and shadows. In the twilight of the rainforest, some plants die without light, but Anubias survives there. All botanical publications confirm the resistance of plants to shady conditions.
Thermophilic Anubias nana is found on the territory of Cameroon, that is, it grows in well-lit places. This is an exceptional plant of its kind, which makes it versatile for planting in an aquarium. It can be settled both in shady corners, and in places where light falls.
What explains the endurance of the plant?
In nature, Anubias nana grows in tropical regions of West Africa. There, in a protected area on mountainous slopes, these hydrophytes inhabit relatively gentle coastal areas of shallow but fast rivers and streams.
Large fragments of porous volcanic rocks, snags and snags, which are carried to the area by rapids from higher sections, serve as anubias as a kind of anchors. Clinging to them with powerful roots, he resists the onslaught of water.
With the onset of the rainy season, the rivers change the line of the banks, and the plants are under water. And during the period of drought, the bushes remain in the open air much of the time.
High adaptability, ability to exist with a large range of water parameters and resistance to mechanical damage make Nana an almost universal companion for most fish.
It can be used in the design of tsikhlidnik and aquariums with herbivorous fish: a hard plant is not in the teeth of any inhabitants, and those fish that dig the ground, can not damage the durable root of the bush.
But here the mechanical suspension harm it is quite capable. Therefore, in an overpopulated aquarium, where there is no proper level of filtration, the pores on the leaves of the plant quickly become clogged, which can lead to its death.
Anubias snails are not scary. This plant they are not full of holes.
It should be remembered that nana prefer dim light, so they will feel great in aquariums designed for twilight fish, in particular, catfish.
Dwarf Anubias successfully endures low temperatures and may well live in tanks with cold-water inhabitants, in particular, with discussions.
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Features of the plant
Anubias is a plant from the aroid family. In this kind of marsh plants there are a small number of representatives. Anubiases grow in tropical forests of Africa, in places with a humid climate. The plant can be found on the cliffs of rivers and other bodies of water. It happens that they are partially immersed in water.
It is because of this feature that the plant was chosen when creating aquariums. Despite this, the wet greenhouse is an ideal environment for the presence of bog representatives.
In pet stores or bird markets, a large number of ornamental plants are represented. Near them it is impossible to pass by. In appearance, they are completely unlike the aquarium.
Anubias aquatic plants are very different. Some representatives of their pomp and large number of leaves resemble a bonsai tree. Some are covered with leaves of small diameter, while others are constantly pulled up by leaves-blades. Anubias is the only plant of its kind. It can not be confused with other "inhabitants" of the aquarium. Anubias can be recognized by its leaves. They are very dense and covered with a glossy film. Their texture is very durable, unlike pampered aquarium plants.
Aquarium lovers prefer Anubias Nana the most.
Content in an aquarium
The first thing that can push the choice of this plant - unpretentious care. Due to its high adaptability does not require extreme attention. However, there are requirements for the aquarium in which it will germinate. This is a tropical climate.
At first glance, it may seem that the Anubias will not endure a sharp change of conditions, but this is not so. Acceptable temperature - from 24 to 27 degrees. In practice, it is verified that they survive at temperatures below or above the indicated values. However, this may affect its growth. Lowering the temperature brings slowing vegetation. Water hardness for Anubias is from 2 to 15 ° (dGH), acidity is from 6 to 7.5 (pH).
The plant is vulnerable to the following nuances:
- Anubias does not tolerate bright light. The most suitable conditions for it are dimly lit aquariums. If there is no such place in the house, the question can be solved simply - it is planted in the shade of another plant.
- Water should not be turbid. Anubias' habitat must be clean. If you ignore this rule, he may die. Particles settle on the leaves, disrupting its diet. To remedy the situation, you must install a filter that will not allow this process.
It does not need natural ventilation and CO2. More favored silted environment. Nutrients are derived from water, and therefore also do not need additional feeding. Therefore, Anubias, the content in the aquarium, which does not cause trouble, is becoming more popular.
How to plant
Landing should be done according to the rules. The root never digs deep. It is enough to slightly tuck into small shoots. The central root trunk is left on the surface. If this is not done, the root will rot. The role of the soil is usually performed by small pebbles or sand.
Practice shows that Nana can grow on limestone and parts of trees. However, the bush may float. To prevent this, it is slightly pressed with a stone or tied. After 12 days, the bush firmly rooted in the chosen substrate for it. If after the transplant, the upper part of the nana dies, you should not rush to throw it away. After some time, Anubias will come to his senses and create a new one.
Growth rate and methods of reproduction
Unfortunately, Nana cannot boast of a high growth rate. A year later, its root system increases by only a few centimeters, from 5 to 10. The growth of leaves begins at the root. When new leaves appear, the central part of the root is also extended. Conditions of detention may affect the size of the new leaves, they become more previous.
If desired, this process can be stopped, it is only necessary to cut the rhizome near the very point of growth. After that, branching of the root is observed and Anubias begins to grow faster. Over time, even the bush itself becomes more magnificent.
For home use nane suitable vegetative mode of reproduction. To get a new plant, you need to cut off the root processes with the leaves that have just appeared and plant them in a new place.
What fish can be combined
Due to its resistance to mechanical damage, the ability to exist in a large water volume and high adaptability to any conditions, the nana is a universal neighbor for almost any kind of fish. In the design of the aquarium Anubius are not afraid of plant-eating fish. Because of the rigidity of the leaves, it turns out to be too tough for them. Fish who love to dig the ground, also can not damage the strong root.
The only thing that can damage it in this case is a mechanical suspension. Typically, this phenomenon is observed in an aquarium with a large number of fish. The existing level of filtration is not enough and the pores on the leaves are very quickly clogged. In turn, this leads to the death of the green bush.
In the aquarium, where live beasts, goldfish and armored catfish live at the same time, it is necessary to observe moderation in feeding. In addition, monitor the purity of water and periodically replace most of it.
Nana is not afraid of snails at all. Such a plant they can never perforate. Due to the fact that the bushes love dark places, they will live well with twilight fish, for example, with catfish. Dwarf plants can tolerate low temperatures and live in parallel with lovers of cold waters. Discussions should be preferred.
Aquarium Anubias boasts good resistance to stress. Endurance and mechanical resistance allows the shrub to tolerate transportation that is long lasting. The attitude towards injuries is also very good. With the loss of several leaves it does not affect the well-being of the plant, except for the very appearance. But do not be upset about this. After all, Nana will release new leaves. In most cases, the bushes can carry even a fracture of the root system.
For transplantation are normal. As a result, the disposition to slow growth on the appearance of new leaves can take a long time. Sometimes it seems that Nana is in a sleeping state. Often this phenomenon is confused with the period of adaptation, and inexperienced lovers begin to feed the plant.
Role in the design of "home" for fish
Anubias plays an important role in the design of aquariums. Attractive appearance and unpretentiousness to the living conditions make Nanu a favorite detail of spot decoration of aquariums. Nana can be one of the main elements of compositions with a high level of complexity. And even its small size does not affect this fact.
Low growth dwarf only goes to his benefit. Because of this, the bush is always trying to place in the foreground. It is verified that in such places the green looks much more spectacular. Anubias in an aquarium can create whole thickets, turning a dull bottom into a living carpet. In large aquariums, it can be used to grow whole valleys. In the foreground, Nana perfectly emphasizes the perspective. This method of location of the bushes visually adds space. The composition created for a very long time can not be changed. This is due to the slow growth of the plant. But this is a kind of plus, as it facilitates the task of the designer in carrying out the order.
The arrangement on a large stone or a log will only add mystery at registration of "a fish lodge". The ability to live in water in whole or in part allows it to be located anywhere. Nana - a bright accent aquarium. Very beautiful look bushes, which have new leaves. The combination of dark green and light green will complement the composition on any topic.
Role in the design of the aquarium
The unpretentiousness, small size and attractive appearance made Anubias not only one of the favorite details of the decoration of aquariums, but also a significant element of complex water compositions.
Низкий рост позволяет располагать карликовый гидрофит на передних планах — здесь его зелень смотрится наиболее эффектно. Способность образовывать плотные заросли используется для создания ощущения тёмно-зелёного травяного ковра, имитирования долин и равнин.
In combination with tall plants placed on the background, a low-growing shrub perfectly emphasizes the perspective, visually adding space.
Attached to a bark, a large stone or an element of decor, Anubias Nana becomes a bright accent of the overall design of the aquarium. And the ability to live in moist air makes it possible to place it submerged in water by half or even above the water's edge.
That is, Nana is able to cover with itself the vertical space of the tank, and at any height. Such a technique is often used in decorating paludariums and aquariums without lids.
The rich greenery of adult hydrophyte bushes in contrast to the delicate light green tint of new leaves can decorate almost any aquarium, regardless of size or design.
Conditions of detention
Nana is highly adaptable, it is easy to care for him, but the aquarium in which he will be kept must be tropical.
Surprisingly, acceptable for hydrophyte indicators of total water hardness range from 6 to 20 ° dGH, the pH level can be 6-9.
The optimum temperature is 24-27 ° C, but Anubias will successfully reduce the drop to 18 and the rise to 35 ° C. True, extreme temperature indicators can affect the rate of its growth. So, lowering the temperature slows down the growing season.
But the dwarf Anubias also has vulnerabilities:
- He does not like bright light. It is much more pleasant for him to be in low or medium-light aquariums. In extreme cases, the nana can be placed in the shadow of another plant.
- An extremely important condition is the purity of water, the absence of turbidity in it. Otherwise, suspended particles will begin to settle on the leaves of the bush and disrupt its nutrition. To avoid this, a reliable filter and water change will help.
The plant successfully develops without CO2 and without active aeration. Preferring silted substrate, hydrophyte nutrients can still absorb from the water, so making special dressings in the soil is not required.
In conclusion about the advantages and disadvantages
All the listed advantages of Nana make him a truly universal inhabitant of aquarium tanks:
- endurance minimizes the trouble of his condition,
- the ability to adapt to the most diverse conditions makes it a convenient neighbor for other aquatic inhabitants,
- small size and visual appeal allow the use of nana in the design of a wide variety of aquariums.
The disadvantages can be attributed perhaps to the low growth rate (when it is significant) and the relative high cost. But even despite this, Anubias nana is considered almost perfect aquatic plants and is often used in the design of various tropical aquariums.
Video: rules for caring for anubias nana in the aquarium:
Features of the content in the home aquarium
Before you put anubias in the aquarium, you need to consider several important features of the content. One of the pledge of the popularity of the plant is unpretentiousness, this is due to the high degree of adaptability even to the most negative environmental conditions. However, this does not mean that it is possible to deprive Anubias of attention, there are a number of requirements that an aquarium must possess, otherwise the plant will not take root. The main thing is to create conditions for Anubias, close to tropical.
Many may think that Anubias in the aquarium is not able to live for a long time due to a sharp change in climatic conditions, although this is far from the case, because it is enough to observe the minimum requirements. The best water temperature for Anubias will be 24-27 degrees, practice shows that the indicator may be lower or higher than this indicator, but this has an impact on development. Reducing the temperature significantly slows the degree of vegetation. For Anubias, 2–15 dGH is the best hardness, and acidity is 6–7.5 pH.
One of the pledge of the popularity of the plant is unpretentious
The real problems for this plant are the following factors:
- Anubias can not cope with the bright light, the most suitable conditions for its existence are aquariums with poor lighting. If this place in the house is not, then you can plant Anubias after another plant, more precisely in its shadow.
- Turbid water is also included in the list of negative conditions for Anubias, so it is very important to monitor its cleanliness. If this rule is neglected, then in the near future the plant will die. Elements of dirt are deposited on the surface of the leaves, which significantly complicates its nutrition. To remedy the situation, you need to install a special cleaning filter in the aquarium.
The plant does not need natural ventilation or artificially CO2. Anubias grows best in a silted environment, all nutrients are obtained directly from water, so there is no need for additional feeding. From this it follows that the content of the Anubias in the aquarium does not need to comply with special rules or exquisite nuances of care, so it is suitable even for beginning aquarists.
How to plant a plant
Such a plant in the aquarium as Anubias requires some rules for planting in the ground. Root can not be buried to great depths. Small shoots simply crush some soil. On the surface, the central root trunk must be left, otherwise the root will rot and eventually Anubias will die. The soil used is sand or pebbles of small size. As practice shows, nana grows on wood and even in limestones. However, the Anubias bush may, under certain circumstances, resurface to avoid such a situation, is fixed on a stone or other heavy object, but it is not possible to pinch the green parts strongly.
After 2 weeks, the plant is securely fixed in the selected location, if after the transplant the upper part has died, then you should not immediately throw it away. The fact is that after some time period, Anubias will come to its senses and give a new sprout. It should be noted that the bush does not differ by rapid growth, after 12 months its root system increases slightly, by about 5-10 centimeters.
As the soil is used sand or pebbles of small size.
The leaves begin to grow right at the root, with the emergence of new leaves, the central root area also increases in size. The closer the conditions are like tropical, the faster the growth of the plant. If desired, the development of the bush in this way can be stopped, for this you need to cut off the rhizome of Anubias at the growth point. Thanks to this event, Anubias Nana will grow much more intensively, and the root will be branched, after a while the bush will be much more magnificent.
For home use, vegetative reproduction is excellent. To obtain a new plant, it is necessary to separate the process with the leaflet formed from the root and transplant to a new place.
What kind of fish does the plant live with?
Due to the high resistance to mechanical manipulation, the ability to exist in a large body of water and increased adaptability to negative conditions, Nana can make a company of almost any kind of aquarium fish. Moreover, for Anubius, even small fish, in whose diet plants are present, are not dangerous. The fact is that the surface of its leaves is very hard, so they cannot even bite off even a small piece. The root is firmly fixed in the ground, so the inhabitants, digging holes, also will not cause harm.
A mechanical suspension can have a negative effect on Anubias, as a rule, this phenomenon is observed in an aquarium that inhabits a large number of fish. The filtration level is insufficient, therefore the pores quickly become clogged and do not perform their functions. The green bush dies after some time, if you do not clear the water. Earlier, we determined that the content of Anubias Nana in the aquarium only requires pure water. If goldfish, live beetles and carapace-type somas temporarily dwell in the domestic pond, then moderation must be observed in feeding so that the water does not quickly become polluted, it is systematically replaced, at least partially.
Nana is not afraid of snails, these inhabitants of the aquarium never perforate the bush. Anubias plant prefers dark places, so it gets along well with twilight fish, for example, such is catfish. Anubias is able to withstand low temperatures, although this will affect its growth, so a wonderful bush is combined with lovers of cold water, for example, discus.