Many experts in dog breeding recognize the Karelian-Finnish husky (CFL), or in another way the Finnish spitz, one of the most beautiful breeds. Of course, one can argue with this opinion, as they say, “to the taste and color,” but it’s useless to argue that the dog is an excellent hunter. Karelian-Finnish Laika is beautiful, elegant, compact in its own way. From this pet gets a great helper for the hunter, fisherman, with him you can safely participate in sports competitions. But the inactive homebody CFL is not suitable, it is too active, hardworking and independent.
The first mention of the representatives of this breed refers to the middle of the 17th century. At that time, the French traveler Pierre la Martiar, being in Finland, saw dogs with dark red hair, made a detailed description of them. The dogs were hunting, they were bred by the ancient Suomi tribes.
Gradually, the number of purebred individuals decreased, this was particularly sharp during the wars, but the breed lovers did not let it disappear from the face of the earth. In 1880, a group of enthusiasts began to revive and actively breed CFL.
By the end of the 19th century, the breed received recognition from the Finnish cynological club, and in 1897 the standard data was revised. Later, representatives of the breed were brought to England, and in 1935 the English club registered KFL, but changed the name to Finnish spitz.
Breeding "Karelian" engaged in Russia, because at the time of the appearance of the breed Finland was part of the Empire. After its collapse, the KFL red husky remained in the Leningrad Region and Karelia. Hunters and breeders paid attention to them in the 20th century and began to restore the breed.
In the middle of the 20th century, these dogs appeared in the USA and the Netherlands, where they almost immediately became popular. But still these dogs are more common at home.
Breed description Karelian-Finnish Laika
CFL - spitz-shaped dog modest sizes with an almost square body, a very pretty, intelligent face and tail-bagel. Among other huskies CFLs are distinguished by the color of the coat, they have it rich, honey. Maximum weight males do not exceed 15 kg, females - 12 kg.
Husky males have a sloping stand, their body is square, the bitches of the bitches are more even, and they are slightly stretched due to the function of procreation. The standard offers the following description of Karelian-Finnish likes:
- Head has a triangular shape, wedge-shaped, with a spacious, wide frontal and occipital part, this is especially noticeable in males. Stop is not sharp, but clearly visible.
- The muzzle is slightly shorter than the forehead, ending in rounded jaws. The cheekbones are clearly delineated, eyebrows are well defined, again this quality is more noticeable in males.
- The lips are of medium thickness, tightly pressed, completely covered with pigment. The jaws are strong, with a full set of white teeth, the dentition is dense, without gaps, the bite is correct, like a “scissors”.
- The nose is small in size, very sensitive and mobile, its edge bulging a little beyond the line of the lower jaw. The nose is pigmented black, brown tone is allowed, but only with a light awn.
- Eyes small, oval, with an expressive, interested look. The inner corners are lowered to the bridge of the nose, giving the eyes a small spacing. Eyelids fully pigmented, adhere well, hide conjunctiva and proteins. Eye color varies from nutty to dark brown.
- Ears commensurate with the head, medium-sized, in the form of standing triangles, the corners of which are clearly pointed. Ear cartilage thick, elastic.
- Torso compact, closer to square format. The neck is elongated, strong, rather oval than round. Accurate visualization interferes with abundant coat.
- The withers are developed, raised, the back is straight, of medium length; it passes into a short loin and croup with gentle tilting.
- The sternum is full, dropped to the elbows, the inguinal line is tucked up, a clear transition line is noticeable.
- Limbs parallel to each other, covered with dry muscles, strong bones and joints. The hind limbs are laid back and set wider than the front. Brushes collected. The standard allows if the middle fingers are longer than the rest.
- In natural length, if tail straighten it, it should not go down below the hock. It is carried, as a rule, in the form of a tightly twisted ring, its end is located on the back or is lowered to the side and pressed against the thigh.
Wool quality and possible colors
Like all huskies, the “Karelka” has a rich, two-layer coat of wool. It is believed that the more luxurious the coat of a representative of the breed, the better. The skeleton hair is straight, completely covers the body, and, although the standard does not indicate whether the dog should have hair, in expert judgment their lack is considered a disadvantage.
Color light tone is an undesirable breed characteristic. This is a rather vague wording, since in the Russian standard it is defined as a fawn color. It also notes that the wool should be red, of any shade.
In the international standard description it is indicated that the purebred Karelian Spitz has a coat of reddish or golden brown, bright colors are preferred.
Features of CFL character
"Karelka" has a temperament similar to the character of all huskies, but she is more excitable. This is a lively, emotional and very agile dog, which in all dangerous situations used to be careful. CFL cleanliness and quickly attached to one place.
Despite the fact that the dog depends on its owner, trying to keep him satisfied, the pet does not lose self-esteem. He notices how her family members treat her, and reciprocates them.
The dog begins to show excessive independence by the 4th year, it is by this age that the animal is fully formed into an adult. This concerns not only physical development, but also the psyche.
Karelian husky is not a go-go, which will be ready to jump to the ceiling at the sight of the owner and move at his feet. If the owner expects such worship from his pet, he may be disappointed. Such behavior in Laika is laid at the genetic level, in a harsh climate, the dog had to be hardened, both in body and spirit.
The dog will not fully merge with the family, subject to the general regime. He has his own rules, habits, if they do not cause inconvenience to others, it is better for them not to resist.
CFL is a hunter, these qualities are passed on to dogs from generation to generation, so you should not expect a pet to make friends with other animals. Yes, she likes the likes of herself and quite well, the rest for her will remain the prey with which she will pursue.
Education and training "Karelki"
The representative of this breed is a working dog, it is an excellent hunter, a guard is a person, at home or a territory. You can train your pet from puppyhood, at first the training will seem like a game to him, but as an adult, he will take the training as serious work. Education is better to start with the development of a general training program. Having fixed the main commands, you can gradually complicate the task.
Training in hunting craft is a specific matter. Dogs give sniffing skins of various animals, feathers of birds. In addition, it is important that the pet is not afraid of loud, harsh sounds. The dog quite willingly takes to the development of new knowledge - for her constant movement is life.
They start the pre-treatment when the husky reaches 4-6 months of age. At first they train squirrels and other small game, and only after move on to larger animals - otter, fox, raccoon. The last on the list are bears, wild boars, badgers, but still Karelians are small dogs. Hunters say that fearless huskies often suffer and even die when they encounter such large and dangerous opponents.
How to care for Karelian-Finnish husky?
In general, like all likes, CFLs are pretty unpretentious. Pet's hair deserves special attention - it is combed out weekly, and during periods of seasonal, the feeder is treated with a pond-downer every 1-2 days, which allows you to get rid of faded and dead hair, giving the fur a healthy, aesthetic look.
The deterioration in the quality of the pet's coat is a disturbing signal. Its loss, tarnishing, white flakes of dandruff can be caused by eating disorders or food allergies. In this case, you will need to consult a veterinary specialist, who will help determine the cause of the violation and select the most effective treatment.
It is enough to bathe a pet once in 6 months, and also if the dog is very dirty. More frequent washing of the dog is contraindicated. If she hunted waterfowl, then upon returning her it is advisable to pour clean water from a hose or basin.
Mandatory procedures are: deworming, vaccination, treatment of external parasites. If the dog is often involved in the hunt, for this period it is desirable to provide him with an anti-parasitic collar.
Usually, the claws of the CFL are stacked on their own, but if this does not happen, they should be shortened with a special claw. Eyes and ears should be inspected regularly, if necessary, wipe with a cotton swab, which is pre-moistened in an antiseptic or chamomile broth.
For the prevention of dental diseases, it is advisable for the dog to be given chewing bones, solid food, dentological delicacies, and taught to brush teeth from puppyhood.
The Finnish Spitz is a representative of the indigenous breed, which was formed in natural, natural conditions. And thanks to the natural selection, dogs have acquired excellent immunity and are distinguished by enviable health.
However, as practice shows, modern CFLs can still develop some diseases: dysplasia of large joints, sprained paws, epilepsy is rarely diagnosed. On average, Karelian spitzs live for about 12 years.
How and what to feed husky?
For all huskies, including Karelian, natural food is preferred. An active, agile dog must consume raw meat, which forms the basis of the diet. The product recommends cutting into pieces, but it is not recommended to give mince to the animal. Also from the dog's menu is removed pork.
Soft cartilages and chicken necks are a useful treat for “Karelki”; offal products are also useful, but they should be boiled before serving. Additionally, the huskies are given porridge, they are boiled in broth, adding meat, vegetables, greens, and it is advisable to fill the dish with vegetable oil.
There are a number of products that should be included in the pet's diet, but it is recommended to give them no more than 2 times a week:
Experts recommend treating the husky with boiled pumpkin, as it has a pronounced anthelmintic effect. In addition to the natural diet include vitamins and minerals.
Modern owners of huskies are often inclined to the option of feeding the pet ready-made industrial rations. This is allowed, only here the feed should be of premium or super premium class and it is desirable to alternate it with dishes from natural products.
Buying a CFL puppy
Usually for sale offer puppies 2-3 months of age. You can also find an advertisement for adult dogs, but such a dog can be acquired only if it has passed the general course. Quite often, ill-mannered properly, “Karelians” do not take root in a new family.
Highbred puppy with documents and excellent performance is better to buy in a certified nursery. If a pet is needed for hunting, then the child should be taken from working parents, it is desirable that they have a positive experience in this field.
The offspring of purely show dogs, although it will have a luxurious exterior, may be unsuitable for work. The latter option is suitable if the owner is not a hunter and read a future show career for your pet.
Cynologists in the family recommend taking a bitch of Karelian-Finnish husky, because females are much calmer than dogs, they are more attached to the owner and the household and less manifest dominant qualities.
In Russia today there are not so many QFL kennels, as well as experienced private breeders. But if you wish, you can buy or reserve an excellent puppy from them. Of course, for the baby from the nursery will have to pay an order of magnitude more - the cost can reach 60000-70000 rubles. Private breeders have an average price tag of 30,000 rubles.
On the Internet, you can find ads and with a lower price - 5000-15000 rubles. In this case, the offspring may not have a pedigree or have any defect, or a pet may turn out to be a mestizo.
Karelian-Finnish Laika is a purely working animal, with a specific orientation. It is not suitable for lying on cushions and imposing walks around the house. To get such a dog is desirable for further work, if there are suitable conditions. Otherwise, due to the constant presence in the four walls, without the ability to be active, this beautiful, red-like husk will literally wither.
The history of the Karelian-Finnish husky began in the middle of the XIX century. A dog appeared in Finland when it was still part of the Russian Empire. Therefore, until now, from time to time disputes arise between the Finnish and Russian cynologists about the "nationality" of this dog.
At first, Finnish experts decided to use this small, but very active dog in bird hunting. She even got an appropriate name - a bird dog. However, hunting with a Karelian-Finnish husky showed that the dog cannot cope with the tasks set for it. It was decided to improve the exterior to create an exclusively decorative animal.
Over time, the Russian Empire collapsed. Finland gained independence by becoming a separate state. The countries dispersed, but the dogs remained on Russian territory. They lived for a long time in Karelia, the Leningrad region. Until a certain time, no one paid special attention to them until, at the beginning of the 20th century, they did not interest the Russian hunters. As it turned out, this small, fast and agile dog shows excellent results in the hunt for fur-bearing animals. In the middle of the 20th century, the Karelian-Finnish Laika was interested in the Soviet cynologists. She began to breed not only for hunting, but also for participation in exhibitions, as experts noted its outstanding external data.
Nevertheless, in those years she still remained in most cases more working than decorative dog. Gradually, the popularity of this cute animal grew, but then began the Second World War, and the population of huskies almost disappeared. Our scientists barely managed to save her.
In the late sixties in the Soviet Union held a large exhibition of hunting dogs, which got this red-haired beauty. Her first exit was very spectacular. Eyewitnesses recalled that from that time began the rapid growth of its popularity. Although I must say that this applies only to the northern regions of our country. In the south and east of the country the Karelian-Finnish huskies have not spread. Unfortunately, this situation has not changed today. For example, such a husky is almost impossible to buy in Rostov-on-Don, and in our northern capital buying and selling Karelian-Finnish Laika does not cause any problems. Moreover, since the seventies of the 20th century, this breed has been bred in the Leningrad Region, and by factory means.
Karelian-Finnish huskies were bred by Soviet dog handlers to hunt for boron game: squirrel, hare, wild boar, poultry, marten. These animals can be used to bait bears.
A keen mind, dedication and magnificent external data eventually allowed these dogs to be used as companions. Now they can be kept in apartments and cottages.
Today, the owners of such dogs in our country quite a bit. Nevertheless, most of them claim that they are very happy to be the owners of these particular animals. Especially a lot of positive feedback from hunters. They think this is a great dog. Karelo-Finnish husky is easily trained, has an excellent hunting instinct, is obedient and picky.
A separate group of reviews belongs to the owners, who contain such a dog as a companion. Here opinions are a little divided. Most believe that the animal fits perfectly for this purpose - it is clever, devoted, neat, practically does not shed, does not have a specific smell. However, there are complaints about the stubborn and wayward nature of their pets. The dog is very wary of strangers, although it does not show aggression.
Characteristics of the breed of Karelian-Finnish husky
Karelian-Finnish Like (Karelka or Finnish Spitz) - hunting breed of dogs of medium size, the smallest of all breeds of huskies. Good companion and great family dog.
It was bred on the basis of Karelian and Olonets commercial dogs. It shows good results when hunting for birds (wood grouse, black grouse, pheasant, duck), ungulates (roe deer, elk, deer, saiga) and on fur-bearing animals (squirrel, marten, mink, sable, ermine). Feel free to go to the bear, badger and raccoon. Опытные охотники любят и уважают карело финскую лайку за ее специфические, ярко выраженные особенности в характере и поведении.
На сегодняшний день в России они наиболее распространены на Северо - западе и центре.
История карело-финской лайки
The history of its occurrence is deeply rooted in ancient times, and perhaps the ancestors of the current Finnish Spitz hunted along with a man in the Stone Age. Since during excavations of pile dwellings of that time, remains of spitz-like dogs were found, which in their skeleton structure strongly resemble the current Karelian-Finnish husky.
Until the 19th century, nobles used hounds and hounds for large animals, and hounds, of all varieties, were not considered to be a hunting breed for large animals. The grandees considered them courtyards and more likely peasants.
Northern hunters, who used the huskies to hunt fur animals, are not interested in sharing a good working dog with competitors. Accordingly, the selection was done only for oneself, therefore, in each yard where the hunter-fisherman lived, his own species was formed, which was very different from his relatives from the neighboring village. Although all of them are also likes and were used for hunting, housing protection or as a rideable husky.
In 1895 the first serious work devoted to likes was printed. Prince Shirinsky-Shikhmatov, being a passionate hunter, often went north to hunt the bear, drew attention to the beautiful fiery red dogs. He called them northern witty and was fascinated by the abilities and hunting instinct of these cute animals. Curious, he began to study their nature. Soon the prince made the distribution of the offspring. Because as a breed Karelo Finnish husky did not exist. According to the scheme, their offspring occupied Karelia, Finland, the western part of the Arkhangelsk and the northern part of the Leningrad regions.
And the breed itself (a group of animals that arose as a result of human labor) - the Karelka appeared in 1947.
Finnish hunters are among the first to become interested in this group of dogs. After seeing them in the village, they acquired two individuals and brought them with them to Helsinki.
Photo Karelian-Finnish husky
In Russia it became known about them at the beginning of the 20th century, after the revolution, when they began to organize dog shows. Leningrad dog handlers A.P. Barmasov and EK Leontyeva were able to distinguish among the variety of huskies who arrived at the exhibition, smaller individuals, differing not only in their red or jackal colors, but also in their manner of behavior. Cynologists began to pair small red individuals among themselves. Having received beautiful offspring of small size with a red color, a dry type of constitution and a cheerful, lively character, they made a description of the species.
In 1928, A.P. Barmasov organized the first tests of huskies for squirrels, in which, the 2nd place and the highest diploma of the 2nd degree was earned by the red dog from the new progeny. After 9 years, the first two prizes on the squirrel trials have already been taken by two Karelians, proving their inclination to hunt fur-bearing animals.
Hunters - hunters of the Arkhangelsk region, hunted with this interesting breed for centuries and always divided them into 3 categories:
- Like to search for edible squirrels. She found the animal on the ground during its feeding, using hearing and sight. Her sense of smell is very weak.
- Likes on marching squirrel. They found the animal in the tracks feeding in the trees. This group is well developed hearing and vision.
- Wind huskies (upper chucks) - during the hunt they used smell and sight, and were always valued above others.
The first breed standard was approved in 1939.
At the end of the war, when leaving Karelia, the Finns took a lot of red dogs with them. But the villagers still managed to save the deaf, because there were simply no others there. Therefore, dogs running in the villages of Karelia can be safely called huskies.
The International Cynological Federation (ICF) recognizes only the Finnish line of origin, since Finland had previously joined this organization and reserved the lead in breeding Karelian Finnish husky.
Carelo Finnish Laika Care
The Karelian-Finnish Laika possesses a plush, shining hair of medium length with a soft undercoat without the specific smell of "dog", sheds. Shedding seasonal 2 times a year, spring - autumn. When kept in an apartment with dry warm air, it can molt all year round. If dandruff appears, the shine of wool disappears, or it climbs in scraps, the reason is food allergy or improper diet of the husky.
Karelo Finnish Like - photo in the forest
It is recommended to bathe no more than 1-2 times a year so as not to wash off the natural natural film from wool. In addition, with frequent hunting for ducks, in the summer she will take a sufficient number of water procedures. After swimming in open water, rinse your pet with clean water.
Comb regularly 2- 3 times a week with a metal comb. During the molt, the Karelka must be combed daily. Thus, you will quickly remove dead hair and make your pet a massage.
Claws cut once a month with a nail clipper for medium breeds. Smooth sharp ends with a nail file to avoid burrs. After walking, wipe the paw pads with a damp cloth and inspect for cracks or cuts.
The eyes of a healthy Carele Finnish husky are clean, shiny, tear-free and acidic. Having noticed a small accumulation of mucus in the morning, do not be alarmed; this is most likely the dust that had gathered the day before. Simply remove it with a soft, lint-free cloth dampened with a chamomile cloth. We treat each eye separately with a clean cloth. But noticing redness, excessive tearing or pus in the corner of the eye, immediately contact your veterinarian for help.
Teeth should be brushed 2-3 times a week with a special toothpaste for dogs using a toothbrush or a toothbrush. For the prevention of tartar should be given to chew on solid food and include in the diet of fresh tomatoes.
Inspect the ears and wipe the auricle once a week with a damp cotton pad dipped in warm water. The auricle should be of a pleasant pink color, it should not smell bad from the ear or liquid will stand out. These symptoms indicate an inflammatory process. Seeing this, be sure to contact your veterinarian.
In the photo, the Karelian-Finnish Laika looks thoughtfully into the distance.
Ticks and fleas Regularly treat your dog with ectoparasites. Which is best suited exactly your Finnish husky advise the vet.
- Drops on withers are applied 1 time in three weeks, do not bathe after applying 10 days.
- Tablets are given internally with a small amount of water (they are valid for 12 weeks)
- Spray - pet spray immediately before going for a walk
- The collar is effective at constant wear.
Karelka is more than other breeds for a long time in the forest and is attacked by ticks. Ixodic tick is a carrier of the most dangerous disease for dogs - piroplasmosis (babesiosis), often causing death without proper timely medical care. The peak of ectoparasite activity is May - July - September.
After a walk in the forest or park, inspect the pet for a tick. The stomach, neck, armpits, ears, head, these are the places where it is most easily grasped. Of course, the wool of the pig will not allow the parasite to immediately cling to the skin, so regularly inspect the dog.
Finding tick, carefully inspect the bite. Using tweezers or "tick twister" twisting the parasite with twisting movements. Treat the bite with antiseptic.
The following days, watch your pet's health. If he is active, eats with appetite, he does not have an elevated temperature, you are lucky, the tick was not contagious.
But having noticed the following symptoms, immediately contact the veterinarian, only an experienced specialist will prescribe a treatment and save your pet:
- Increased body temperature (39 - 42 degrees)
- Refusal from food and drink
- The whites of the eyes turn yellow.
- Falls on his hind legs
- Urine becomes reddish brown
Food of the Karelka (Finnish Spitz)
Karelo for Finnish husky is suitable for food, natural food or ready-made premium food. Most importantly, never mix two types of feeding for one feeding.
In the photo, Karelo Finnish Laika lies near an empty bowl.
- At the age of 1.5 months - 56 times in small portions
- At 34 months - 4 times a day
- 57 months - 3 feedings per day
- 812 months and an adult 1 2 times a day
When feeding with natural food, you need to provide your pet with a complete, balanced nutrition with vitamins and trace elements.
- Cooked food should be given at room temperature, a portion should be eaten in a lick for 15 minutes.
- If the husky refuses to eat, hide the portion in the refrigerator until the next feeding.
- Always make sure that there is fresh water in the bowl.
- Bowls are washed with hot water after each feeding.
- Never feed the Karelian leftovers from the table
- Fat Meat (Pork, Poultry)
- Spicy food
- fried food
- Raw river fish (possibly infected with worms)
- Bird tubular bones
- Low-fat meat (rabbit, beef, chicken - scalded with boiling water)
- Sour milk products (yogurt, low-fat cottage cheese, kefir)
- Sea boneless fish (boiled)
- Vegetables (zucchini, carrots)
- Fruits (apples)
- Cereals (rice, buckwheat)
- 1 hour l. vegetable oil per day (add to food)
Modern Laek is extremely difficult to consider separately, because their "genetic trees" are tightly woven. In the conditions of constant cold, impassable forests, wet plains and other climatic conditions, the multinational population of Russia (and not only) brought out different types of game dogs. Before the concept of Laika, the four-legged was simply called "yard" or "domestic". In fact, we are dealing with aboriginal breed lines, which were brought “to mind” in the 20th century.
It is even difficult to imagine the scope of work on the inspection and selection of manufacturers that are similar in exterior and character. Nevertheless, such works were carried out, and canine specialists interested in the development of Laek met regularly and corrected the basic standards. As a result, two breed groups, Russian and European, reached the official registration:
- East Siberian.
- West Siberian.
- Karelian-Finnish Like.
- Karelian Bear Dog.
- Finnish spitz.
- Norwegian black and gray elkhound.
The dog breed Karelo-Finnish Laika is descended from three aboriginal dogs - Finnish, Olonets and Karelian. The obtained Laika had suitable, small dimensions, but the exterior remained "unstable." To strengthen the external data, the early Karelians were actively knitting with the spitz imported from Finland. Thus the double name of the breed was formed.
It is interesting! According to the rules of the international canine association and generally accepted tradition, the breed receives its name from the country's patron, for example, German Shepherd Dog or English Mastiff. Karelian-Finnish Laika, this is a rare case when a dog was “tied” to two territories at once.
Despite the presence of a temporary but approved breed standard, the massive importation of dogs from Finland gave the expected result. Almost all of the exhibited carrels were mestizos, which gave rise to a “offensive” on the part of Finnish breeders. The question of combining the two breeds under the same name was first raised in 1984. The Union of Laek amateurs made a decision to assign a single name - Finnish Spitz. Naturally, the decision was challenged and the dog trainers were expected to have a rather violent reaction from dog owners. In fact, all registered Karelian-Finnish huskies had to re-register or were recognized as outbred.
The next deadlock was the attempt to register the breed at the International level. Documents were not registered due to the presence of the names of the two countries in the name of the breed. This argument turned out to be indisputable, and the Karelo-Finnish Laika rolled its independent existence in favor of the Finnish Spitz.
Despite the documentary facts, the Karelian fans do not consider their dogs Spitz. The Karelian-Finnish Laika is a descendant of serious native dogs, which successfully played the role of bear-hunters. Spitz dogs, noticeably inferior to the old-type Karelian on working qualities. Fans of the breed defend the position that the admixture of blood is the process of the formation of the gene pool. Given the history of cynology, the process of the formation of many well-known and recognized breeds began with the production of a half-breed, whose working qualities satisfied the breeder.
Character and training
Karelka is a complete companion. The little boy, who had just begun to walk, immediately began to reach out to the person. Accompanying and guarding bipeds have been inculcated in the breed for centuries, so there is nothing surprising here. The cheerful nature of the Karelian-Finnish husky contrasts with the general mood and distrust of strangers. Carrels are not prone to spontaneous aggression, but can and will fight if necessary. In relation to the family, the breed shows a strong affection, loyalty to children, other dogs and cats. You should not get animals that may seem to your four-legged prey - rodents, martens, birds, reptiles, insects.
The training of Karelo-Finnish likes is based on the use of her skills. The standard approach of coercion and praise will be a failure, because your ward will prefer to drive the crow, rather than monotonously execute commands. All training should be conducted in the form of a game, optimally, use the scent and hearing of the dog. In fact, this method of learning is even more complicated than it looks in theory. The owner must show stamina and patience, understand that it is better to move in small steps forward than to waste your nerves and stand still.
You may be disappointed in your abilities and decide to resort to the help of a professional. When choosing a trainer, give preference to dog trainers working with a hunting group of dogs. You should also think about individual trainings, as there are too many stimuli in the group.
No matter what difficulties the owner of a Karelian would wait for during basic training, hunting training is always quite quick and easy. Modern hunting with Karelo-Finnish husky involves tracing prey (bird, fur-bearing animal), indicating the location of the stanchion, barking and retention (if necessary). A working dog should not bite or kill prey, of course, if we are not talking about self-defense.
Training in hunting begins at the age of 7–12 months, depending on the moral maturity of the dog. Before entering the field and getting acquainted with the "training game", the ward must overcome fears of noise, gunshots, loud cries, water and weather conditions. Also, the four-legged must clearly carry out the basic commands: "Next", "To me", "Fu", "Sit", "Lie down", "Place". If necessary, the dog is taught commands "Voice" and "Quiet."
The grown-up Karelian-Finnish husky is trained to stand and hold back the hunting excitement. As a "simulator", use a bird that is released from the shelter. After performing the ritual of "eating up", the bird is caught and placed in a cage. According to many hunters, the destruction of game at the first training may scare the dog.
A full-fledged, adult hunt, young Karel'k is displayed in the group. A prerequisite is the availability of documents on the breed and the passage of working tests. Training shots are conducted to ensure the safety of dogs. If a quadruped shows disobedience in the hunt, he may become a victim of a “stray bullet”, and this is a tragedy for both the owner and the shooter.
Maintenance and care
The small dimensions allow keeping the Karelo-Finnish husky in an apartment, which attracts many dog lovers. However, thick fur and undercoat allow content on the street. Naturally, the dog should be insulated booth and an aviary in which she can hide from the wind. Also, it is not necessary for a four-legged person to forbid the entrance to a dwelling if it is cold outside. As practice shows, the Karelka would prefer to be on the street around the clock and move than to sit in a warm, but limited space. Caring for a puppy involves keeping exclusively in the living room. After the first adult moult, a pet can be taught to take a longer walk and gradually "move" to an aviary.
Caring for wool is not burdensome, despite its length. Weekly combing is enough to maintain an attractive appearance. During the molt, the dog is intensively combed out every day. Swimming 2–4 times a year or more often if the dog participates in exhibitions. Dogs claws, eyes, ears and teeth do not need daily care, but an inspection to prevent inflammation is a must!
The main aspect of care is proper feeding. The future exterior of the ward, the quality of his coat, and the whiteness of his teeth depend on the quality of nutrition. The lack of a tendency to food allergies, allows you to feed the Karelian-Finnish husky both natural and industrial products. It is important to understand that the natural diet should be supplemented with vitamin complexes, which, in turn, must be alternated.
It is interesting! For a richer coat color, dogs are fed algae food supplements.
The statistical indicator of the life expectancy of Karelian-Finnish huskies varies within 10–12 years. With proper care and maintenance of physical fitness, quadrupeds live 15–16 years. The breed is characterized by an optimal ratio of size, activity and natural data. Достаточно того, что карелка не имеет породных болезней.
Однако два тревожных момента все-таки есть:
- Щенки Карело-финской лайки очень проворны, активны и обладают охотничьим инстинктом. Чаще всего, навыки содвигают малыша искать падаль или пищевые отходы. После обнаружения «сокровища», щенок желает извозиться в «благовониях» с ног до головы, а то и пожевать находку. From the above, there are two conclusions - do not delay the basic vaccination and walk fidget in a muzzle. Remember that active immunity is not a guarantee that the dog will not get sick.
- Obesity - "Sick Question" Karelian, especially if the dog does not hunt. Being alone, the four-legged acquires the habit of eating from boredom. In this matter, the responsibility lies fully on the shoulders of the owner. A dog that is so active by nature should receive “feeding” of its physical data - a balanced diet, full-fledged walking, active games, and sports.
The origin of the breed
The Karelian-Finnish Laika is a domestic breed, in the formation of which aboriginal domestic dogs were used, as well as Finnish spitz dogs imported from Finland. The ancestors of Karelian-Finnish laika follow their ancestry from the Old Karelian, Olonecian, Finnish bird-like huskies, common in the territory of modern Karelia, Arkhangelsk and Leningrad regions, Finland.
Until the twentieth century, dogs developed without human intervention in a limited area, practically without crossing with other breed groups. In the spring-autumn period, red-headed, energetic hunters independently obtained food for themselves, lived freely in the open air. Survived individuals with good physical data, high intelligence, developed working qualities.
They were successfully used for hunting game: wood grouse, black grouse, furry animal, badger, hare. A flock of dogs walked on a large animal, including a bear.
In 1880, hunters Hugo Zandberg and Hugo Roos, who were fishing in the northern forests, brought two red huskies to Helsinki. After 12 years, the Huskies received the status of an independent breed and were registered by the local Kennel Club as the Finnish Spitz. By the middle of the twentieth century, Finnish spitz-dogs became popular as hunting dogs and companion dogs all over the world.
In the USSR, work on breeding "his" breed began in the 20s of the last century. A selection was made among small red huskies, with well-expressed working skills, a temporary standard was developed and the name of the breed was marked - Karelian-Finnish husky.
In the war years, the Huskies population declined. By the beginning of the 50s, work on the breed in the USSR was resumed. In 1959 the half-breed of the Karelian-Finnish husky and the Finnish spitz won the title of champion of the country, from that time the breeders actively used in the selection of Finnish purebred dogs.
In 1960, the Karelian-Finnish Laika was registered in the USSR as a separate breed.
However, the crossing of domestic and imported individuals, the presence in the name of the breed of the designation "Finnish", led to disagreements about the name and the birthplace of the breed.
In 2006, the Russian Cynological Federation (RKF) and the Finnish Kennel Club (SKZ) adopted an agreement to merge the Karelian-Finnish husky and the Finnish Spitz into one breed - the “Finnish Spitz”.
The agreement caused a split among Russian breeders. On the one hand, the Finnish Spitz is recognized and standardized by the international canine organization FCI. This allows dog owners to take part in international exhibitions and competitions, working trials, testing. On the other hand, such a decision actually means the disappearance of the Karelian-Finnish husky as a breed.
Important. The current adherents of the domestic breed adhere to the standard and description of the Karelian-Finnish husky taken in Soviet times and do not welcome the “blood injection” of Finnish Spitz.
Standard and features photos
The standard of the Karelian-Finnish husky is almost indistinguishable from the standard of the Finnish Spitz.
These are compact dogs, weighing from 7 to 13 kg. Growing males 44-50 cm, bitches 39-45 cm.
- dry constitution type
- square format
- pointy ears,
- ring-twisted tail,
- proud posture.
Here are the main characteristics of the Karelian-Finnish huskies:
- Head with a bulging skull. Narrow, wedge-shaped muzzle, having a smooth extension from nose to ears. Nose with straight back and coal-black lobe. The lower jaw is clearly marked. Lips are dry, thin.
- Bite scissor shaped.
- Ears standing, high landing, mobile.
- Almond-shaped slanting eyes dark color. Blue, amber eyes are disqualifying faults. Look attentive, meaningful, lively.
- Neck muscular, without dewlap, medium length. In males with a pronounced collar of thick wool.
- Back strong, straight. Withers well expressed. The loin is short, strong. Croup with indicated slope, medium in length. The belly is taut. Chest long, with convex ribs.
- Front and rear limbs straight, parallel. Dewclaws removed. Fingers collected in com. The paw pads are black only, thickly pubescent on the sides. Movement fast, easy, free. The dog is able to instantly go from a trot to a gallop.
Wool and colors
The body is covered with a sufficiently long, separated from the body or raised hair. On the back and neck woolen cover more rigid. On the head, the short coat fits snugly. On the back of the hips characteristic pants. The undercoat is plentiful, rich, soft. Glossy coat with gloss.
Karelian-Finnish huskies can be fiery, golden and brick color, white markings are allowed.
A variety of shades of red: golden, calm, brick, fiery.
White markings are allowed on the paws, chest, or the color “red with black” - with the presence of black on the ears, along the spine, around the eyes.
Character of Karelian-Finnish husky
Karelian-Finnish huskies have a wonderful character. They are mobile, energetic, cheerful, efficient.
Differ strong attachment to the owner. The dog catches the mood of a person, seeks to enjoy, to be useful. A frustrated, disgruntled dog unfolds the ring of the tail, lowers it down. He misses a lot even with a brief separation. But with the manifestation of rudeness, cruelty becomes willful, stubborn, difficult to control.
Well-educated dogs get along well with other pets, happy to communicate with children. With outsiders behave cautiously, but not aggressively. When a danger arises, at the sight of unusual unfamiliar objects or living creatures attract the attention of the owner with bark of bark.
Karelian-Finnish huskies bark loudly when they see a stranger on their territory.
Like all likes, they have steady attention, good memory, developed intellect, and a strong nervous system.
Important. Due to the easy temper, friendliness, loyalty in the UK and the United States are widely used as companion dogs.
Training and education
Karelo-Finnish Laika needs a permanent job - hunting, protection of the owner or territory. At first, the puppy perceives training as a game, but as it gets older, it starts treating it as a serious job.
Education begins with the basic commands of the general course of training. For a working field dog, there are fairly well-established teams: “To me!”, “Near!”, “Road!”, “Sit!”, “Lie down!”, “Foo!”, “Aport!”.
Learning to hunt begins with an acquaintance with the smell of the skins of various animals, bird feathers. It is important as soon as possible to accustom the young Karelian to the sharp loud sounds imitating a shot.
Karelian-Finnish huskies are well trained, they are in constant motion.
Beginning of the beast begins at 4-6 months. Training begins with squirrels (martens, minks, ferrets), then they move on to larger animals (otter, fox, raccoon, beaver), and only then show badger, bear, boar.
In the development of hunting qualities for the stimulus, the dog is shown carcasses of animals or a live animal. Effective co-operation of an experienced hunting dog and puppy.
With room content like can get bored. For a splash of energy, she needs long runs, active games, trips out of town. Some carrels show agility and jumping abilities.
What to feed Karelian-Finnish husky
Due to the compact size and balanced energy metabolism of the Karelian-Finnish huskies, it is quite simple to provide natural food. Nevertheless, often inexperienced owners ask the question: “We have a Karelian-Finnish like - what to feed?”.
In a well-designed diet include:
- Finely chopped raw lean meat (beef, lamb, saiga meat, moose, roe deer).
- Raw large bones without sharp edges with meat residues.
- Kaltyk, offal. Dried pieces of the liver, heart, tripe are used as a treat.
- Low-fat poultry.
- Buckwheat, wheat, rice porridge on the lean broth or with the addition of vegetable oil with pieces of meat.
- Kefir, ryazhenka, yogurt, cottage cheese.
- Vegetables and fruits (dry and fresh).
- Rye crackers.
- Boiled meat, high-quality boiled sausage, sausages without pork in small quantities in the form of baits for vegetables or cereals.
- Tubular bones.
- Dry feed. Production feed often clog the ureter of the Karelian-Finnish huskies.
- White bread.
Health and life expectancy
The average lifespan of a Karelian-Finnish husky is 12-15 years.
During the breeding, the carrels were predisposed to certain diseases:
- dislocation of the patella,
- eye pathology,
- food allergies,
Karelian-Finnish husky live an average of 12-15 years.
Pros and cons of breed
The advantages of the breed include:
- the beauty of addition and color,
- economical content
- universal working qualities.
Disadvantages include increased excitability and excessive activity, the need for daily long walks, the tendency to bark strangers.
How to choose a puppy
Choosing a puppy, first of all, they are interested in its parents, their working qualities, exterior, and conditions of detention.
Pay attention to the activity of the puppy, coordination of movements. On examination, check whether there are pronounced defects in the exterior, signs of skin diseases, rickets, hernia, lesions of parasites and insects.
Puppies of the Karelian-Finnish husky can be purchased from breeders in Moscow, the Moscow Region, St. Petersburg, Arkhangelsk, Yekaterinburg, Perm, and Karelia.
Not bad established nurseries:
- Hunting club with Karelian-Finnish husky Arsik, http://poisk-druga.ru/pitomniki/1271-karelo-finskaya-lajka.html, cost from $ 180.
- Suomen, Reutov, Moscow Region, http://karel-fin-layka.ru/news/1441/, puppies cost from $ 260 to $ 670.
- Ridge Yakutia, village Shiltsevo Leningrad region, http://www.lajki.ru/, prices are similar to Moscow.
Vladimir. I have a couple of Karelian huskies. For more than five years, he got more than a hundred squirrels with them, went to grouse, wood grouse, and otter. A couple of times ran into a bear. They are not afraid, but they behave very carefully and sensibly. On the rampage do not climb.
Arseny. My Karel's specialty is capercaillie and ducks. Wood grouse in any forest and in any weather will find and expel under a shot. The ducks are brought out of the water by the criminals The working qualities of the dogs are wonderful. Many hunters are jealous.