Tibetan mastiff (other names: “Tibetan Shepherd's Mastiff Dro-Hi”, “Tsang-Kkhi” (Zang-Khyi), “Bho-Thai” (Bho-Thia), “Ke-Khor” (Ke-Khor), Tibetan Dane, Tibetan Molos) - a large breed of dog, guard, watchman and companion.
It is considered a very ancient breed guarding Tibetan monasteries. His ancestors served as a working dog, protected nomadic pastoralists in the Himalayan valleys from predators, and helped them overcome the difficult path. In ancient times, mastiffs could protect entire villages, whose inhabitants greatly appreciated their excellent guard qualities.
Each village had its own type of Tibetan mastiff and each had its own stories and legends. Therefore, to understand what is true and what is fiction is very difficult today. Modern Tibetan mastiffs also differ in appearance, depending on the region and habitat climate.
In the past, stories about the existence of a huge dog looked more like a myth than true. But the stories about their fierce temper did their work, people were afraid of them and treated them like wild creatures.
Several individuals of this huge and luxurious dog were brought to Europe in the time of Atilla of the Hun leader. There is a version that the offspring from them gave birth to dogs like molossi: boxer, mastiff, St. Bernard.
In the works of Aristotle, and later in the notes of Marco Polo there are historical documents that describe the power, strength and fierce temper of these giants.
Today they live in the foothills of the Himalayas, where herds graze and protect dwellings, like their ancestors many years ago. They are courageous, vigilant and reliable.
In the homeland of the Tibetan mastiffs, individuals with spots stained above their eyes are most valued. The ancient people believed that this is the second pair of dog eyes. Thanks to them, these breeds could see evil spirits even with their eyes closed and watch over them.
The first mastiffs brought to London were immediately sent to the zoo. Unfortunately, several individuals who could not get along in a new for them, the European climate died. And the survivors, attributed to a number of wild animals. On their cage even hung a sign with the inscription "Do not fit."
Interesting fact: 1 Tibetan Mastiff weighs 25 Chihuahuas.
Tibetan Mastiff breed description and standard MKF (FCI)
- Group 2 (pincher and schnauzer, moloss, Swiss herding dogs and other breeds).
- Section 2.2 (dogs like moloss and mountain shepherd dogs). Without workers test.
In the photo, the Tibetan Mastiff guards a private house.
General appearance: large, heavy, proportionally folded with well-developed bones, strong limbs, powerful muscles and a dense build of a breed. Under the skin should not be too much mass. It is perfectly adapted for life in extreme high-altitude and cold climatic conditions. Its thick coat is weather resistant, the massive undercoat retains heat. It combines strength, endurance and is able to work under any climatic conditions. The age of majority reaches rather slowly, females form by 2–3 years, males grow up not earlier than 4 years. Tibetan mastiffs can differ in physical structure and type, which is a result of the influence of the habitat, ecology and methods of breeding puppies.
Behavior / temperament: Character independent. Very loyal to his family and his territory.
- The length of the skull, from the occipital crest to the foot (transition from the forehead to the muzzle) is equal to or slightly shorter than the length of the muzzle from the transition to the tip of the nose.
- The length of the body slightly exceeds the height at the withers.
Format: almost square.
Head: large, wide, heavy. In adults, a crease from the line above the eyes down to the corner of the mouth is permissible.
Skull: slightly rounded with pronounced occipital protuberance.
Stop the transition from the forehead to the face: well pronounced.
Nose: Wide with well open nostrils. Black color or as dark as possible in accordance with the color.
Muzzle: wide, square, deep, well filled.
Lips: developed, fleshy overlap the lower jaw.
Jaws / Teeth: regular scissor bite, upper incisors tightly overlapping lower, strong jaws. Straight bite is valid.
Eyes: Brown, the darker the better or in accordance with the coat color. Medium size, oval, slightly oblique. Eyelids tight.
Photo Tibetan Mastiff in a rare red color
Ears: medium, triangular, hanging, set below the level of the skull, but above the level of the eyes, slightly falling forward. In the excited state they rise. Densely covered with soft short hair.
Neck: strong, muscular with a small suspension. The neck is well defined. The hair on the neck is thick, protruding, forms a mane, at the bitches the mane is less pronounced.
Back: straight, muscular.
Chest: deep, of moderate width, with ribs rounded at the top, giving the chest a heart shape. The lower part of the chest is lowered below the elbows.
Tail: set high on the upper line of the back, medium length. In a wary state and in motion, the Tibetan Mastiff holds its tail high, freely thrown on its back. Densely covered with long hair.
Were limbs: direct, with strong bones and good angles of articulation, covered with dense wool.
Shoulder: oblique, muscular.
Elbows: looking strictly back. Should not be turned neither in nor out.
Forearm: straight with strong bones.
Pasterns: strong, slightly sloping.
HINDQUARTERS: Strong, muscular, with good angulation. Seen from the rear parallel.
Hips: long, strong, with voluminous, strong musculature.
Knees: well pronounced.
Hock:strong, low located. Dewclaws at will.
Feet: Large, strong, rounded. Fingers curved, gathered in a lump with thick hair between them.
Paw pads: thick, black or in accordance with the color.
Movement: strong, confident, at the same time light and elastic, with a good reach and push. Increasing the speed puts the legs closer to the center line. In step looks very unhurried. Tibetan mastiff adapted to move on different terrain, showing endurance and agility.
The coat is coarse, thick, the guard hair is not too long, with a thick undercoat that becomes rare in the warm season. The hair is thin, but coarse, straight, and protruding. The neck and shoulders are abundantly covered, which look like a mane. The tail is densely covered with long hair. Feet on the hind legs.
Disadvantages / defects: Any deviation from the above provisions should be considered as a disadvantage, and the seriousness with which this deficiency should be assessed should be proportionate to its severity, as well as its impact on health and well-being.
- Lack of physical condition and form.
- The head is light or overly damp.
- Pendulous fry.
- Pronounced suspension.
- Big and low-set ears.
- Light eyes.
- Light nose.
- Barreled ribs.
- The tail is twisted in a tight ring, lying on the thigh.
- Excessive or straightened corners of the hind limbs.
- Chained movement.
- Height below minimum within 2 cm.
- Aggression or cowardice.
- Undershot or undershot.
- Other colors, except the above listed: white, cream, gray, liver, mauve, brindle and spotted.
A dog with physical or behavioral abnormalities will be disqualified.
PS: Male animals should have two normally developed testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Tibetan Mastiff color
- The black
- Black and tan
- Blue with marking marks or without.
- Golden, from rich fawn to deep red.
All colors should beat as pure shades as possible. The color of the tan can be from rich chestnut to light shade. A white spot is allowed on the chest. On the paws acceptable minimum amount of white color. Above the eyes, on the lower legs and the lower side of the tail, spots are allowed. On the face are allowed glasses around the eyes of tan.
Tibetan Mastiff character
By the nature of the Tibetan mastiff is a calm, affectionate, good-natured and balanced breed. He is self-confident, independent and used to making decisions on his own. By his very appearance, he evokes respect and admiration. Behind them you will not notice the cowardice, nervousness or unreasonable aggression inherent in small breeds of dogs. He is so self-sufficient that he never barks over nothing.
Mastiffs have excellent guard and guard instincts, they are strong and enduring, they perfectly feel their territory. They will always warn the owner about the arrival of a stranger, with a strong loud bark, but they do not bark over trifles.
Tibetan Mastiff listens to the owner and without his team will never go first to attack. In the presence of the owner calmly refers to strangers, does not show aggression, but also does not let the stranger out of sight until he leaves his territory.
Photo Tibetan Mastiff with a sweet and kind look
Good attitude to the children of the owner, gets along with all members of the family in which he lives. But remember this dog is huge, so never leave small children alone with it. Treat other pets and dogs of the same sex well.
He is stubborn and capricious, not easy to train, so it will be difficult for a novice breeder to subdue him.
The Tibetan Mastiff needs a fair owner with a strong character and a loving heart. He needs rigor, discipline and caress, but not cruelty. Never beat him, it will increase anger and cowardice. Learn to find a common language and you will have the best friend in the world.
He loves to spend time with the owner, can lie for hours at your feet, peacefully sapya. Adult Mastiff is silent and calm. Tibetan Mastiff puppies in turn are full of energy and strength. They can tear down any obstacles in their path, so they need early socialization and proper upbringing.
If you do not have time or not enough experience in the plan of training, be sure to ask for help from specialists in education. Experienced people will teach your mastiff to the necessary teams how to behave properly in a society of people, and you will be given valuable advice on the education of this giant.
This breed is created for life on the street. Comfortable most of all, he feels in a dry cool climate. The yard where the mastiff walks is fenced.
He loves to tumble in the snow or lie in the shade of the trees in the summer heat. Sometimes it seems that a strong wind, snowfall or snowstorm bring him pleasure.
Tibetan Mastiff content in the aviary
Photo Tibetan Mastiff in the aviary
If you live outside the city and plan to maintain a Tibetan mastiff on the street, you should build an aviary with a paddock and place under the booth. The size of the enclosure for one individual is at least 2x3 meters wide, and 2 meters high.
The aviary is conventionally divided into three parts:
- In the third part there will be a booth and a dog bed, the floor can be covered with wooden planks. Above the booth and stove, be sure to make a shed.
- 2/3 must be planted with grass, special turf or covered with sand.
- Pour concrete resting place
- Make an open-air cage without a canopy, the animal may die from overheating or catch a cold from rain and snow
- Keep mastiff in an aviary without a booth
Even with the content in the aviary with the Tibetan mastiff, you must walk at least once a day. Always keep on a leash and in a muzzle, and you will get rid of unpleasant glances of passersby. It is necessary to teach a puppy to a leash from the age of two months. Calm long walks will help keep your pet's muscles in good shape.
Tibetan Mastiff Care
Adult Tibetan Mastiff - photo on the lawn
Caring for a Tibetan mastiff is simple but time consuming. Since this is a large breed that has thick hair, even simple combing will take a lot of time. A loving owner is always happy to take care of her pet, and hostess - needlewomen will always find use of combed wool and knit warm socks, gloves and scarves from it.
Combing: Tibetan mastiff coat is thick, with a dense undercoat, odorless “dog”, sheds. Shed abundant, seasonal spring - autumn.
Coat pleasant to the touch in its structure resembles mohair or down. This prevents the mass formation of mats and it can be said that it is self-cleaning. It is enough for a dog to shake off, and it looks clean again.
Comb a mastiff 1-2 times a week with a metal brush, after sprinkling wool with water or a strongly diluted conditioner.
On the neck, ears, armpits and on the "pants" on the hind legs sometimes appear mats. They must be treated with a spray to disentangle tangles and comb through with a tangle cutter. Finally, remove the remnants of tangles with a pukhoderka or furminator.
During the molting, you will have to comb daily to remove dead hair and to give a neat look. To facilitate the process of molting, use a pukherka or furminator.
It is not recommended to cut the mastiff with a machine, as this will lead to disruption of the hair structure, thermoregulation and may cause pneumonia.
It is necessary to bathe the Tibetan mastiff as rarely as possible 1 time in 3 months, or as far as it is soiled, so as not to wash off the natural protective fatty grease that protects the skin and coat from soaking and promotes its self-purification.
After any washing with shampoo or other cleanser, the restoration of the natural lubrication of the skin occurs within a few days, and too frequent washing leads to hyperfunctioning of the skin glands, which will increase the smell of "dogs".
Bathing Tibetan mastiff is quite a laborious process, since it is huge and has a rather thick coat that dries for a long time. In winter, it will be enough for him to tumble down on pure snow and his fine wool will self-clean. It is best to wash such a giant in summer, as it dries for a very long time.
Another way to clean the mastiff is dry shampoo. The tool is rubbed into the wool, and then well combed.
Claws are cut 1 time per month with a nail clipper for large breeds. To make the claws softer and more pliable, lower the pet's paws for a few minutes in warm water. Sharp ends smooth nail file to avoid burrs. Between the fingers it is recommended to cut off, and lubricate the paw pads with vegetable oil in order to avoid cracks.
Teeth and gums regularly inspect healthy white teeth without plaque, gums of a pleasant pink hue.
2 - 3 times a week, you need to brush your teeth with a special toothpaste for dogs using a nozzle on a finger or a toothbrush. To prevent the appearance of plaque, a pet is given to chew solid food or special toys, such as ropes, treated with a means of tartar.
Ears: Wipe the auricle with a damp cloth dipped in warm water 1 time per week. In the cold season, make sure that your ears are dry, and only then let your pet out, or refrain from this procedure.
Healthy ear mastiff pleasant pink color, without excess sulfur or unpleasant smell.
Having noticed reddening, an unusual odor, fluid flows out of the ear, immediately contact a veterinarian for help and do not self-medicate. There are several reasons: from otitis to ear mites, and only a specialist will be able to make a correct diagnosis and prescribe the necessary treatment.
In the photo Tibetan Mastiff - puppy waiting for dinner
The eyes of a healthy Tibetan mastiff are shiny, without redness and heavy tears.
Small morning discharge in the corners of the eyes is permissible, and can be easily removed with a clean, soft, lint-free cloth. This is allocated dust accumulated during the day.
To prevent souring, wash your pet's eyes once a week with a soft, lint-free cloth moistened with chamomile broth. Each eye must be cleaned with a clean cloth.
With a strong tearing, redness, swelling of the eyelid, decay, immediately contact your veterinarian.
You need to teach the mastiff to any procedure from an early age, otherwise you simply can not cope with an adult pet. Always praise and treat her with a treat after any procedure.
Ticks and fleas: Treat your pet regularly with ectoparasites. Tibetan mastiff has a thick coat, in which it is very difficult to see a flea or tick.
Fleas - the cause of skin allergies, worms, various infectious diseases, itching and anxiety dogs.
Ixodic ticks are carriers of a deadly disease for dogs - piroplasmosis (babesiosis). They are especially active in the period spring - autumn, but the peak of activity comes in May - August - September.
- High body temperature, more than 39 degrees
- Lethargy, apathy
- Refuses from water and food
- Yellow eyes
- Urine red brown or brown
- Falls on his hind legs
If you notice similar symptoms, immediately seek help from a veterinarian. Only a specialist will make the correct diagnosis and help save the life of your pet.
Today, there are several types of parasite products:
- Drops on withers - up to 3 weeks
- Give pills only after consulting a veterinarian.
- Спрей – опрыскивать собаку перед прогулкой, а при сильном заражении блохами также опрыскивать лежак и прочие вещи питомца
- Ошейник действует при постоянной носке
Питание тибетского мастифа
Тибетский мастиф - фото на диване
Питание тибетского мастифа питательное и сбалансированне, обогащённое витаминами и минералами необходимыми для поддержания здоровья такого гиганта. A long period of growth, large body size and physical activity make the owner think about the best way to feed the Tibetan mastiff, while maintaining a healthy and energetic dog.
The joints of large breeds are always a big load, so it is very important to provide a puppy mastiff during the growth period a balanced diet with the necessary amount of calcium.
Tibetan mastiff can be fed with high quality ready food or natural food. Most importantly, never mix two types of food in one feeding, it is very harmful to the digestive tract.
In the bowl should always be fresh, clean water. Natural food is given fresh, room temperature. Portion should be eaten within 20 minutes.
- Beef scalded with boiling water
- Rump, bouillon parts, lungs, heart - boiled
- Ground beef give little puppies
- Chicken, Turkey, Rabbit
- Sea boiled fish
- Porridge (rice, buckwheat, you can mix 1: 2, boiled in low-fat broth)
- Fermented milk products (kefir, low-fat cottage cheese, yogurt, ryazhenka)
- Vegetables carrots, pumpkin
- Fruit apples
- Vegetable oil 1 tsp per day
Attention: introduce fruits and vegetables one new product per day, and monitor the body's reaction to avoid allergies!
- Fat meat pork, lamb
- Chicken tubular bones
- Raw eggs
- The nuts
- Bakery products
- Smoked meat
- Carbonated drinks
- Fresh Veal
- River fish
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Tibetan mastiffs are rare, expensive breeds that, due to the isolation of China, were able to preserve almost pristine appearance. The impregnable Himalayan mountains were an excellent defense for the southern side of Tibet, and in the north in this capacity was a lifeless desert. This helped the dogs to maintain their original, impressive appearance. Then the dogs were used to protect the monks, shepherds and nomadic tribes.
In such harsh conditions, only strong, resilient animals with thick coat of coat could survive, and the dogs possessed such qualities. But nevertheless those dogs are evil giants, there is more heritage of legends than, truth. According to some myths, such giants with a fierce temper were held by Genghis Khan and Buddha. Many researchers believe that Tibetans are the progenitors of all Molossian breeds - rottweilers, bulldogs, St. Bernards, and others.
Breed description Tibetan Mastiff
The Tibetan Mastiff is a mighty giant with a strong, harmonious physique and well-developed muscles. The dog has a luxurious thick hair with abundant undercoat, which forms a real mane in the neck. This makes the dog look amazingly like a lion.
As for the use of dogs of this breed, today they play the role of companion, watchman, bodyguard. But the dog can fully fulfill its functions when it matures, in males it happens by 24-36 months, and in females only by 4th year. Representatives of the breed have a well-defined sexual type - males are larger than the body size and power.
Dogs have a strong build, with some dampness and rudeness. The skin is thin, elastic, tight to the body and slightly loose around the head and neck. Minimum growth males of Tibetan mastiff is 66 cm, female dogs - 61 cm. Medium weight - 60 kg.
The standard provides for the appearance of Tibetans:
- Wool in males longer and thicker, tough and brilliant - it is able to protect the animal from any weather. The coat, in addition to the collar, also forms tows on the limbs and suspension in the area of the tail. Hair should be straight, wavy hair is considered a defect.
- Head large, strong, with a wide forehead, on which, in case of anxiety, wrinkles are formed. In adult dogs, wrinkles appear on the head and above the eyes. In dogs, the occipital tubercle is well visible and the transition from the frontal bone to the muzzle, but without sharp outlines.
- Muzzle short, square-shaped, with a large, wide nose and thick, slightly drooping lips. The jaws are strong, with a complete set of large teeth, scissor or less direct bite.
- Ears medium, triangular, rounded ends. Hang on the cartilage, and when the dog is excited, they rise a little.
- Eyes small, slanting, with hazel or walnut iris (depending on color).
- The neck has a convex nape and pronounced dewlap, developed musculature. Hips hides the collar, it is also well expressed.
- Back straight, with excellent muscle mass, goes into a wide, slightly convex lower back. The croup is somewhat oblique, also has a developed musculature.
- Tail medium, set high, rolls back or pressed against the croup.
- Rib cage it differs in depth, the ribs are convex and slightly flattened on the sides. The stomach is tucked up, but not much.
- Limbs with large compact legs, set in parallel, straight, strong bones, all parts muscular. The rear are a little wider than the front.
These giant dogs move confidently, freely, easily and naturally. They have sweeping steps, however, because of the massiveness it seems that dogs are unhurried.
There are Tibetan mastiffs of the following colors:
- anthracite black,
- black and tan
- gray and tan,
- monochrome gray,
- golden (from pale yellow to red)
The standard states that the coat color should be as clean as possible. Carrion can be different - from light shades to intense chestnut. The presence of a white speck on the chest, limbs and back of the tail is allowed.
If there are no external stimuli, the Tibetan Mastiff is the very charm, soft, discreet and calm. But this is as long as nothing threatens the home and family. The qualities of the watchmen of dogs from the Tibetan mountains are well developed - despite their orientation towards humans, they are always ready to protect the territory entrusted to them. If people come with the owner or the owner himself opens the door, then the dog behaves with restraint, but does not take his eyes off the newcomers, assessing the situation.
Dogs of this breed are self-sufficient, so they can be alone for some time. They like attention, but in a dosed quantity and only when they want to feel affection. Tibetans have developed intelligence and ingenuity, but are prone to showing obstinacy, defending their own point of view. But in this case, they do not go beyond the framework of good relations with their master.
Tibetan mastiffs adequately relate to other dogs, but they can even respond to aggression from large individuals. They do not pay attention to small barking dogs. For centuries, they carried the guard service, and they have developed a specific schedule - they sleep during the day and go to work at night. Most often, the pet settles at the highest point of the yard and from there conducts observation. However, if they are contained in other conditions, they adapt well.
In the family, the mastiff is a universal favorite, friendly, obedient and very charming. He is glad to participate in common affairs and can follow the owner on his heels. A dog will pick up a person’s mood and act accordingly. Tibetans are great for children and stand firmly all pranks. In this case, the threat hangs not over the baby, but over the pet. For older children, the mastiff is a great companion for games, and the child can even walk the giant - the dog will not tear from the leash and will try to adjust to small steps. No wonder, once upon a time they were used as nannies.
However, pedigree representatives have very pronounced protective instincts, and they are not always able to discern where a violent game takes place and where there is a real threat. Therefore, when extraneous children participate in general fun, it is necessary to be extremely attentive. Tibetan mastiff can be kept with other animals. He is not a hunter and is quite friendly, even in relation to cats.
Features of training and education
Tibetan mastiffs are perfectly human-oriented, however, they require training, early socialization and mastering the discipline. The future owner, who decided to have such a dog, should be ready to spend a lot of time on training and education. If this is not done, the pet will take the lead role and become uncontrollable. In addition, thanks to a competent approach, the dog will get rid of excessive suspicion of strangers.
Tibetans are formidable guards and the one who penetrates their territory will not be good. This must be considered by owners who choose a puppy of this breed. It is important to teach your pet to unquestioning obedience from a puppy age, later it will help to control the actions of the hairy giant.
For fruitful training, it is important to choose the right tactics - to be patient, but firm, to show determination, but not to forget about kindness and praise. A well-mannered dog will not cause inconvenience, will understand the team at once, and cohabitation will be quite comfortable.
How to care for Tibetan Mastiff
The ideal place to keep the Tibetan mastiff is a private house with a spacious adjoining area. It is enough for a dog to equip a spacious open-air cage and a booth, it is also suitable for keeping in a house, but with access to the courtyard. Naturally, the fence should be such that the dog does not break it and jump over it.
Due to the density and density of the coat, Tibetans do not tolerate hot, humid climatic conditions very well. It is easier for them to tolerate heat in a dry climate. Dogs of this breed need daily physical exertion, for this dog you need to walk for 40-50 minutes in the morning and evening, or give him the opportunity to frolic in the yard during the same time.
Tibetans love to play with other dogs, of course, the companion should not differ significantly in size. Щенки довольно быстро набирают вес и растут, однако, о полном физическом развитии можно говорить только после 2-х лет.The owner must take into account that his pet, despite its impressive size, remains a puppy for some time.
In order to avoid problems with articular tissues that occur in all representatives of giant breeds, long walking tours are undesirable for a year, you also need to limit the time for a free stay in the yard. You need to communicate and practice with the dog regularly. A dog who does not receive emotional and physical relief will be sad, but not silently and quietly, but rustling and destroying everything around.
Tibetans are not subject to frequent molting, this process occurs once a year. But in some climatic zones, molting may not occur at all. Wool requires regular care, and so that it does not go astray in mats, and the dog looks neat, it is combed out every 2-3 days. Representatives of the breed do not have a specific smell, so they are not often bathed, mainly as needed.
In addition, the teeth and claws of the animal need care. It is recommended to brush your teeth every two to three days. Claws are clipped 2-3 times a month or as they grow. Given the size of Tibetans, to teach your pet to hygienic procedures should be from puppyhood.
Acquisition and price of Tibetan puppies
The fact that this breed is the most expensive in the world, many people know. However, how much does a Tibetan puppy actually cost? According to the announcement or from the hands, it is possible to acquire a baby of this unique breed in Russia for 50,000-60000 rubles. The lower price should alert, or it is kids who deviate from the standard, or do not have documents. In this case, for his health - physical and mental, no one takes responsibility.
The cost of puppies from the nursery is much higher and can reach 300,000 rubles. In European countries, the breed is so valued that a puppy can cost up to 600,000-700,000 rubles. Probably, there is no other breed in which the price would vary so much in different limits.
Tibetan Mastiff is a dog that requires a firm hand, good care and proper conditions of detention. In addition, starting a similar pet, the owner assumes a number of obligations, and their failure to do so can turn into a tragedy. A Tibetan is not a toy, and this must be taken into account when choosing a dog. If you fulfill all the conditions, the family gets an excellent guard, protector and loyal friend.
Tibetan Mastiff - the largest mastiff in the world
The Tibetan Mastiff is a breed that is one of the five largest world breeds. Growth of individuals reaches 90 centimeters. Record holder for growth dog Shi Lung received the title of the most beautiful Tibetan mastiff. At the exhibition in 2014, the title of a handsome man won a mastiff named Grand Lioness Yuu Akbar.
The world's largest mastiff weighed 113 kilograms.
Along with large growth, this breed has the greatest weight. The largest Tibetan mastiff weighs 113 kilograms. But some breed lovers testify that he was a representative of the breed even harder. The weight of a Tibetan mastiff named Lio Chang, who lived in China in the 20th century, was 120 kilograms.
Description, breed standards and photos of dogs
The current standard of the Tibetan Mastiff breed was approved in 2004. According to the classification of the ICF, it belongs to group 2, section 2.2. This is a big, heavy dog with a proportional addition, a massive physique. Growth of the Tibetan mastiff - 69-71 centimeters in a dog, 58-61 centimeters in a bitch. The weight of the Tibetan mastiff is from 60 to 70 kilograms.
- The body is powerful, muscular, with a straight topline. Elongated. The chest is deep. The back is flat.
- The head is wide and heavy, square in shape. The skull is rounded, with a pronounced knoll on the back of the head.
- The neck is strong and muscular.
- Eyes oval, dark, set wide.
- Ears are triangular, medium sized, drooping.
- The muzzle is wide, does not taper to the nose.
- Nose with open nostrils, wide, black.
- The lips are fleshy.
- Jaws are strong. Scissor bite.
- Limbs straight, straight, strong, with well-marked knees.
- The tail is long, towering above the back.
- Paws rounded, collected.
- The coat is of medium length, coarse, with a thick undercoat. The hair on the head forms a mane. On hind limbs pronounced lines. In bitches, wool is somewhat thicker than in males. In summer, the wool thins, in winter the undercoat thickness increases.
The disadvantages of the Tibetan mastiff are:
- Light head.
- Light eyes and nose.
- Hanging flies.
- Pronounced suspension.
- Ring-shaped tail lying on the hip.
- Big ears.
- Short stature
- Not enough massive body.
Disqualifying faults are:
- Increased aggressiveness.
- Deviations in color.
Tibetan mastiff is hardy, it easily overcomes fairly long distances. The movements of the dog are elastic and light, at the same time strong and powerful. Mastiff moves quickly, but, despite the massive body, from the side it looks calm and at ease.
Tibetan Mastiff Color Options
The color of the mastiff is monochromatic. A white spot on the chest and a small amount of white on the feet are permissible. Fell rich chestnut color from light to dark shades.
Basic standard colors:
- The black.
- Black and tan.
- Blue or gray (sable) with or without tan.
- Golden, fawn to deep red.
Initially, Tibetan mastiffs were intended for the protection and grazing of livestock and the protection of the home. The impressive size of the animal cause fear among the uninvited guests. Therefore, today the mastiff is the best guard. There is no need to specifically train him to defend the territory, he will do so thanks to his natural instinct.
Tibetan mastiff is intended for grazing and home security.
The quality of the guard does not prevent the Tibetan mastiff to be affectionate with all members of the family. Therefore, it is ideal for the role of companion and family pet. For children, it will be an excellent partner for games.
Features of training
Specially designed training of the Tibetan mastiff is an important condition, otherwise stubbornness will prevail and it will be impossible to subjugate a strong dog. With properly organized training mastiffs become quite obedient.
A special training program has been developed for the Tibetan mastiff; it is necessary to train this breed otherwise, it will be unpredictable.
Mastiff is smart and quickly remembers commands. In training, you need to show perseverance and firmness of character. But you need to communicate with a puppy respectfully, then quality results can be achieved more easily.
Important. Screaming at a puppy or hitting him is impossible - this will cause aggression.
Maintenance and care of the breed
The Mastiff is absolutely not an apartment dog, as it needs a lot of space and some freedom. The most suitable place to keep is a country house with a large plot for free range. But the area must be fenced with a high fence. To the dog did not go on a long walk alone.
A dog should spend the night in the house. For her, you need to build a soft litter. The best option is a children's orthopedic mattress covered with dense fabric.
Features content in the aviary
Mastiffs are a breed suitable for keeping on the street, but for this they need a special aviary with a place to sleep - a booth and a fenced territory for walking. The size of the site 3Х2 and not less.
Aviary is divided into zones:
- One third is reserved for the booth and the couch next to it. Above the booth build a canopy.
- Two thirds are sown with lawn grass or covered with coarse sand.
You can not:
- Fill the area with concrete.
- Keep mastiff without booth.
- Do aviary without a canopy.
Important. Keeping in the aviary does not eliminate the need to walk with the mastiff at least 1 time per day.
Care of the breed consists in regular combing, washing wool, active walking for at least 30 minutes 2 times a day. The dog should not be bored, long standing alone, especially at the age of 1-2 years. A bored mastiff has a destructive power, he will remind himself of loud barking and gnawed things. To avoid any problems with the joints. In the first year of life, the duration of a puppy's walk should be reduced.
Mastiff is scrubbed 2-3 times a week, especially carefully remove mats and matted wool. Bathe the dog once a month using shampoo for long-haired dogs. Especially carefully you need to comb the mane and legs on the ground, so that the wool does not get tangled.
To keep the Tibetan mastiff in the aviary without a booth is impossible.
An important event - the care of teeth and claws. Teeth brush 1-2 times a week. Claws are sheared once a month. If necessary, clean the ears with a damp cotton pad. All puppy procedures need to be taught persistently from early childhood, otherwise it will be impossible to overcome the resistance of a strong dog later.
How to feed the Tibetan mastiff
To feed a dog you need one type of food throughout life, changing the diet adversely affects his health. You can not mix natural food dry and dramatically change the brand of dry food.
When feeding with dry food, you should choose brands of premium or super premium class: Brit, Dog Show, Bosch (see more about the composition of Bosch Korma), Araton (see more about Araton dog food), Belkando. It is important to monitor the safety of the granules: they must remain hard or be slightly soft. Soaked granules can not be given.
The basis of the diet for natural nutrition should be raw, scalded meat, cut into pieces of small size. It is worth starting with a serving size of 100-150 grams, by the age of 5 months the weight of a serving is 500 grams. Occasionally, the menu includes cottage cheese and kefir. Meat ration supplement cereals, boiled in water, lightly boiled or stewed vegetables.
The most suitable feed for this breed dogs, brand Bosch, Araton, Belkando.
The dog can not be overfed. A puppy should receive food 5-6 times a day, an adult dog - 2 times. For any type of food in the bowl should always be clean water to drink.
Important. For feeding, you must purchase a special stand and place a bowl on it. If the bowl is on the floor, a tall dog will have to eat in an unnatural state, which will increase the load on the spine and leg joints.
Health and life expectancy
Health in Tibetan mastiff is strong, but it is susceptible to some diseases. Most often the breed affects hereditary diseases:
- Dysplasia of the hip and elbow joints.
- Hypertroic neuropathy.
- Autoimmune hypothyroidism.
Mastiffs live on average 13-14 years. Maturity dog reaches 6-7 years.
Rules for choosing a puppy, kennels and prices in them
It is extremely difficult to buy a thoroughbred mastiff on the market or from random breeders, so you need to contact a specialized nursery or trusted breeders. When choosing a puppy, special attention should be paid to the pedigree and the conditions of the animals. Be sure to check the dog for the presence of hereditary ailments.
You can buy a purebred Tibetan mastiff in nurseries:
- Moscow - at a price of $ 1000 (http://grandbis.com/, http://tibetandog.ru/, http: //tibetsky- mastiff.Moscow/nashi-pitomcy).
- St. Petersburg - priced from $ 900 (http://petro-prestige.ru/, http://dokhyi.ru/).
- Ukraine - at a price of $ 1500 (http://mastiff.pro/, http://www.tibetanmastiff.com.ua/).
Bunin. The dog is hardy, calm, the guard is just super. The disadvantage is one - dear. Very smart and not noisy. Loves to walk.
Olga Doroguschy dog. The price to a puppy comes to 500 thousand rubles. But the appearance is worth it! The coat is so thick that it can sleep in the snow. But in the summer it is hot to her, and you have to water it. The dog looks aggressive due to its size, so it’s not even necessary to bark to protect it from unwanted guests. But there is no anger in it. You need to take care of the wool, and the look will immediately become untidy.
Michael. For me, an important quality that the dog does not smell dogna. As explained to me, this is because the mastiff has no sweat glands. Sheds only once a year. Combed wool goes on socks and mittens. I live in the courtyard, so there is no problem walking.
It will be interesting to see the video on the dog breed Tibetan Mastiff, we wish you a pleasant viewing.
The origin of the breed
Tibetan mastiffs were first mentioned in ancient times, but this breed is still surrounded by various legends and myths.. Marco Polo and Aristotle, as well as many other authors, praised the natural strength, intelligence and power of Tibetan mastiffs. Even the barking of such dogs is considered to be a unique and highly valuable breed trait. Many outstanding dog experts, including Martin, Yaatt, Menen, Beckmann and Sieber, as well as Strebel and Bilandt, were simply fascinated by the origin of the Tibetan mastiffs and their place in the cultural heritage of Tibet, so they were actively studying the breed.
It is interesting! The current opinion, according to which Tibetan mastiffs are the ancestors of all the breeds of the Molossian group, has not received scientific substantiation at the moment, and therefore is most likely erroneous.
The very first known Tibetan mastiff that reached the coastline of Western Europe is a dog that was sent as a gift to Queen Victoria by Lord Harding. In the eighties of the nineteenth century, a pair of dogs of this breed was brought to England by Edward VII, and in 1898 the Berlin zoo was supplemented with an officially registered offspring of the Tibetan mastiff.
Breed standards of the Tibetan mastiff are not only represented by the general appearance and basic proportions, but also by temperament and movements, coat and its color, height and weight.
Pedigreed animal has:
- wide, heavy and strong head with several folds, going from the eye area to the corners of the mouth,
- a large, slightly rounded, well-filled and deep skull with a square end of the muzzle,
- well developed lips, completely covering the dog's lower jaw,
- strong jaws, having perfect and correct, scissor bite,
- medium in size, brown, rather wide apart, oval, very expressive eyes with tightly pressed eyelids,
- medium in size, triangular and hanging, falling down slightly forward and rising in a state of excitement with ears covered with short, but soft hair,
- strong and muscular, arcuate, with a small suspension neck, covered with thick and mane-shaped wool,
- a strong body with a straight and muscular dorsal region, as well as a wide and fairly flat croup,
- relatively deep, moderately wide chest area,
- medium long, set high and loosely thrown on the dorsal region, fluffy tail,
- straight, with well-developed corners of articulations, covered with strong wool with forelegs having straight forearms, slightly inclined and strong pasterns,
- powerful and muscular, with well-developed articulation angles and with strong hips and hind limbs, with well-bent knee joints, low set and strong hock joints,
- fairly long, strong, rounded and compact legs with characteristic arched fingers.
Tibetan mastiff is characterized by strong, light and elastic movements, which have a very good push and reach.. The dog of this breed has the ability to easily and fairly quickly overcome significant distances, while maintaining almost the entire amount of vital energy.
The qualitative characteristics of wool are more important than their quantitative indicators. The coat is hard and thick, with not too long top coat, dense and sufficiently wavy undercoat, which thins during the warm season. In the area of the neck and shoulders, a “mane” is formed with a thick layer of wool. Coat can be represented by several types of color:
- saturated black with the presence of scorch and without
- blue with the presence of scorch and without
- gold, from rich pale yellow tones to deep red.
It is interesting! Often there are representatives of the breed with tan markings above the eyes, on the lower limbs and on the tip of the tail.
All types of color should have the maximum purity, and the tan marks have a rich chestnut hue or lighter tones. The standards allowed the presence of white spots in the chest and minimal white spots on the legs.
By character and temperament, Tibetan mastiffs are fairly calm and restrained dogs, combining not only impeccable protective qualities, but also the ability to live in families with children. In relation to other dogs, mastiffs show relative friendliness, but they can quite adequately respond to aggression. One of the main, important distinctive features of this breed is represented by independence in relation to its owner. Bred to protect the dogs prefer night wakefulness, so during the daytime hours can sleep.
Important! It is the watchman’s mission that explains the dog’s certain closeness and suspicion towards strangers, so experts do not recommend starting a mastiff with no experience in dealing with such a breed.
Tibetan mastiffs resemble the Great Dane in terms of their intelligence, therefore they are very smart, but they can often be stubborn. Такие особенности потребуют от владельца способность проявлять несомненные лидерские качества, а также очень хорошо разбираться в собачьей психологии.
The complete lack of strict discipline or a consistent process of training can cause unpredictable dog behavior, so it is extremely important to pay sufficient attention to the socialization of the mastiff.
Tibetan Mastiff Content
To maintain physical and mental health, the content of the Tibetan mastiff must strictly adhere to strict adherence to several rules, including balance of nutrition, optimal performance of physical activity, proper and daily care of coat, consistent communication and proper training. Dogs of this breed can be kept not only in the house or apartment, but also in open-air cages.
Care and hygiene
Increased attention and proper care requires thick wool mastiff, which is the real pride of this breed. Your pet should also be provided with eye, ear, teeth and claw hygiene:
- the moult of the dog will require combing out with special brushes three times a day,
- you need to bathe your pet a couple of times a year
- if necessary, mats or tangled wool balls are neatly clipped,
- prophylactic teeth cleaning is carried out a couple of times a week, and when you change teeth, it is required to monitor the formation of the correct bite and the general condition of the gums,
- the claws are cut a couple of times a month by means of special clappers,
- after walking the dog, you should inspect the paws and wash them with clean water, then wipe them with a soft cloth,
- ears are wiped with moist sanitary napkins in order to remove excess sulfur or dust accumulations,
- the eyes are periodically washed with an infusion based on a pharmaceutical chamomile.
It is interesting! In order not to cause violations of breed standards and to promote its further development, it is advisable to apply to nurseries or clubs specializing in breed to select a decent pair.
It is important to remember that the Tibetan mastiff matures late, so you can use dogs older than three or four years old in mating.
Diet Tibetan Mastiff
Compliance with the proper diet of feeding and diet - one of the main conditions of the Tibetan mastiff. You can feed your pet with natural food or fully prepared dry and wet food. Mix these types of food is absolutely impossible.
The best option, according to experts, is to feed the dog with natural, natural products. A puppy at the age of 1-2 months should be provided with six-fold feeding, in which the total daily feed volume is evenly distributed. The main products are presented:
- lean meat such as beef or turkey,
- thermally processed offal
- fermented milk products, such as kefir, acidophilic mixture or cottage cheese,
- cereals: rice or buckwheat,
- boiled eggs in the amount of a pair of pieces in seven days,
- boiled vegetables, such as carrots, pumpkin or cabbage,
- fresh fruit, such as apples,
- vegetable oils: olive, corn, linseed, rapeseed or sunflower,
- dried fruit, cheese and raisins as a food reward in the process of training,
- various greens.
It is interesting! The total daily volume of food should be about three to four percent of the weight of a pet.
Vitamin-mineral supplements are added to food, which, depending on the age and health of the dog, are prescribed by a veterinarian. From the age of two months and up to six months the dog is transferred to the five-time feeding regime, and the diet is supplemented with boiled sea fish without bones.
Diseases and breed defects
The Tibetan Mastiff breed is characterized by the appearance of the following infectious diseases:
- Nervous paralysis,
- parvovirus enteritis,
- infectious hepatitis.
Through timely vaccination, it is possible to prevent the appearance of many problems with the health of the dog and to protect its immunity. Hereditary diseases include hip dysplasia, malignant tumors and allergies, as well as osteochondritis, bone degeneration and dermatitis. Any deviations from the established breed standards are considered to be shortcomings, the degree of which is determined by the level of manifestation.
Vices may be represented not only by physical inconsistency with the agreed standards, but also by the following deviations:
- light or overly wrinkled head,
- drooping lips,
- the presence of a pronounced and well-marked suspension,
- large or insufficiently set ears,
- bright-colored eyes with a wide and open look,
- lack of pigment, especially on the nose,
- barrel-shaped rib section
- a tail with a tight torsion over the thigh,
- stiffness and too heavy movements
- growth below the minimum standards allowed.
Dogs with aggressiveness or excessive timidity who have overshot or undershot food are disqualified. Disqualifying signs also include the wrong color. Dogs with obvious deviations from physical or behavioral standards are subject to mandatory disqualification.
Upbringing and training
Tibetan Mastiff is a breed that requires compulsory education, and it is necessary to start the socialization of such a dog from an early age. The standard training of such a pet is presented:
- the study of the general course of training.
In the process of socialization and education, a puppy is sometimes able to show some stubbornness and aggression, which is due to the peculiarities of character and the presence of self-esteem in this breed.
Important! After imprinting, the dog should be socialized to encourage the animal to learn to calmly respond to society and the outside world. Only a socialized animal can well master the course of the basic commands of training.
Imprinting is the use of techniques by which the puppy ceases to be afraid of the owner and begins to trust him. Such exercises at the first stage of upbringing allow the dog to be taught an adequate attitude towards society and the environment.
Buy Tibetan Mastiff
It is advisable to acquire the Tibetan mastiff on the recommendation of the club or in nurseries that have long specialized in breeding this breed and have had time to positively establish themselves with dog breeders. Experienced breeders are able to give clear and competent instructions regarding the pet's feeding regime and its maintenance, including hygienic care and preventive measures.
What to look for
You need to acquire a puppy with complete physical and mental health. If there are no valid reasons for a particular choice of a pet, then experts advise to acquire the most plumped, most agile and most powerful puppy from the litter. It is important to remember that the adult female of the Tibetan Mastiff breed always has a slightly smaller size than the dimensions of the dog.
A good, purebred puppy of the Tibetan mastiff should have a thick and rather fluffy coat with a developed undercoat. The eyes of the purchased animal must be clear and clean, with no external signs of any disease or deviations from the established standards.
Tibetan Mastiff Puppy Price
The price of a purebred puppy depends on very many factors represented by the opportunity to participate in an exhibition career, pedigree parameters, the origin of the parents, as well as the natural type. In the capital's nurseries, the cost of a high-class mastiff boy can start from 100-120 thousand rubles.
It is interesting! At the fair in 2014, the most expensive one-year-old Tibetan mastiff was sold, which cost the acquirer from China a couple of million dollars, thanks to which it went to the Book of Records.
Adult Tibetan mastiffs from the category “pet-pets” in our country cost about 40-50 thousand rubles or a bit more, which is caused by the insufficiently high class and the main characteristics of puppies sold by domestic breeders.
For example, the average cost of purebred puppies "extra-class", sold in China, may be 25-35 thousand dollars, and sometimes higher. In the Middle Kingdom, the presence of a dog of this breed is an indicator of the high status and wealth of the owner.
Males of the Tibetan mastiff are larger and more courageous than bitches, have luxurious coat and almost “lion's mane”. Bitches are very loyal to the family, have a more subtle, rich and complex psyche, so they show a sharp mind and intelligence in the process of education or training.
It is interesting! In the family, the pet of the Tibetan Mastiff breed participates in almost all common affairs and feels very well the mood of the household.
According to the owners of such dogs, the main features of the character are represented by distrust of strangers and the absence of aggression towards family members, restraint and ability to protect familiar objects or their owner, balance and calmness. For no apparent reason, pets of this breed do not rage.. A large-sized mastiff can easily take root not only in a small, but also a large family, where it quickly and deservedly becomes a universal favorite.