Animals

Content of the red-eared turtle at home

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The shell of a rather adult turtle is usually covered with wrinkles. Its length depends on a specific subspecies and, as a rule, reaches 28 centimeters. Red-eared turtle has a small spot on the eyes. The peculiarity is that their colors are diverse and tend to change over the years. Thus, in their youth they have a green color, and in old age they are completely black. The abdominal shield of the shell has a bright yellow color with darkish round spots. The turtle grows as follows: in the first one and a half years of life, their growth reaches 7.5 cm, then the pace becomes slower and it increases by only 1.25 cm per year. In two years, growth can be more than 20 cm, that is, mistakenly to consider it dwarf. And do not listen to sellers who convince otherwise.

The length of the species Scripta Scripta reaches approximately 27 cm. This tortoise has a bright yellow infrared spot. Her plastron is rich yellow.

Another subspecies - Elegant, has a length of 28 centimeters. The reddish orbital band is located on the head, and there are narrow stripes on the chin. The ventral shield of the shell has large specks on all the scutes.

The third type of turtle, Scripta Troostii, is the smallest among all - about 21 centimeters. On the head there is a narrow, yellow-eyed strip of yellowish color, and on the chin there are wide stripes. And its plastron consists of unusual patterns in the form of "eyes", and it happens also from ordinary small black specks.

Habitat

Turtles live in shallow lakes with low swampy shores. You can find them in the USA in Florida, Virginia, Kansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, as well as in Mexico, throughout Central America, in the north of Colombia.

Breeding

Sexual maturity occurs in females and males in different ways and this is also influenced by their lifestyle. If they are in captivity, then this period starts from 4 years in males and from 5-6 years in females. And in the wild, they reach maturity by about 8 years. Mating season begins in the spring: in March - April. They have the following process: the male creeps very close to the female, buries her face in her face and tickles her chin with long claws.

The laid eggs do not exceed 4 cm in size. They are laid on land, but not in water. But the place for eggs should be wet, so the female moistens it with water from the anal blisters and then pulls out a small hole. The turtles - females lay no more than 10 eggs in their nests, which are subsequently buried. The incubation period is up to 150 days. An interesting feature with temperature. If the temperature was maintained above 30 degrees, then the females hatch, and if below 27, the males.

What should be an aquaterrarium for a Pontiff tortoise

It should be rather long, but at the same time narrow and low. By volume not less than 120 l. The water level must match the proportions of your turtle's shell so that it can roll over. At the aquarium should be equipped with a small beach. To maintain the water temperature within 25 degrees, on land - 31 - 33 degrees. In order for the temperature to remain at a level, a special heater must be provided.

Water must be changed and cleaned depending on the degree of contamination. But you can use a special filter. For young turtles, preferably external, and for adults - only internal. The ultraviolet lamp doesn’t hurt, but it should not be low, the approximate height is 25 cm so that the tortoise does not get burned eyes. Another option for arranging aquaterrarium is an incandescent lamp with the same requirements. Both of them should be turned off at night.

If outside the window is a good warm weather, then try to make turtles more often warm. But remember that the first time you do not need to keep it in the sun for more than 5 minutes. And it is important to increase the time spent in the fresh air gradually. They need a dark place where they can periodically hide from the sun, as they are prone to overheating.

Some recommendations have been developed regarding the temperature maintained and the duration of illumination for all turtles of this species. This is not mandatory, but highly desirable for adults.

So, for the other two turtles from January to March, the temperature should be 18 degrees, and the duration of lighting - 8 hours, April - 21/8, where 21 is the temperature, and 8 - the duration of lighting, May - 24/10, June - 27 / 13, July - 28/13, August - 28/11, September - 25/10, October - 22/8, November and December - 18/8.

And for Trachemys scripta troostii the requirements are as follows: January - March - 18/8, April - 20/8, May - 21/10, June - 23/13, July - 26/13, August - 25/11, September - 20 / October 10 - December 18/8.

Interesting Facts

Red-eared turtles live up to 45 years, and European marsh can stretch up to 80.

Many fishermen use their eggs to bait fish.

Be careful, as turtles can bite not only their own kind, but also a person! But if they are accustomed to hands, there is nothing to fear.

And do not forget that a balanced diet is a guarantee of active growth of the turtle and its longevity!

How to choose a red-eared turtle and where to buy

Buying any pets is a responsible business and should not be bought in natural markets. Buying red-eared turtles is no exception. It is best to purchase them at pet stores or from breeders. Buying on the market, you risk to get a sick animal. Sometimes it is dangerous for the health and the person himself.

However, you should pay attention to the condition of the animal and when buying at the pet store. It is possible that there can sell a sick animal. Here are some recommendations:

  • Your future pet should be active, not sluggish. These animals, despite the myth of their slowness and clumsiness, are quite active, inquisitive.
  • Special attention should be paid to the condition of the eyes, skin, shell. They must be clean, without raids and various inflammations. Otherwise, you will probably need to start treating the turtle. And this is an additional financial cost.
  • Better not to buy newly hatched turtles. At this age, they are not yet sufficiently strong, they are badly undergoing stress and have a large percentage of mortality.

If you live in a big city, then after the purchase is best to show the animal to herpetologist. A reptile specialist will examine your bug. If you have problems, tell you how to deal with them. And also will answer all questions from the point of view of a professional.

What does the maintenance of a red-eared turtle at home

The content of the red-eared turtle is question number 1, which should concern you. Before buying you should take care of where the red-eared turtle will live at home. That is, you need an aquarium. An adult needs an aquarium of 100 liters (take into account the volume of water, not the total). Best suited elongated, rectangular shape. Water is poured only half or a little higher, but not to the brim, otherwise the animal may crawl out of the aquarium.

In no case should not equip the bottom of the sand and small stones. Reptiles can swallow them, and this is deadly for them. It is better to purchase large stones. From them, or from special ladders, clay products, you need to equip an island of land, which is vital for the eared turtle. After all, it is an amphibious animal.

The domestic turtle also needs the sun at home, but where do you get it at home? There is a solution: hang a lamp with UV rays over the island, which will replace the reptile sun. It can be purchased at the pet store. You will also need an ordinary incandescent lamp. It will help maintain the desired temperature on land (28-32 degrees).

For an aquarium, you need a filter to clean the water. After all, the water will be quickly polluted. For a small turtles fit and internal filter. But for an adult reptile with a size of more than 20 cm, experts recommend purchasing an external one. The reason is that she can try it for a tooth. After all, her jaws are powerful enough for this, and you probably don’t want to buy a new filter.

Also need a heater. After all, the critical temperature for these animals is 18 grams. heat The ideal temperature for a small turtle is 26-28 g., And for an adult - about 25-27.

Nuances of feeding a red-eared turtle

The reptile health directly depends on the correct diet. Turtles up to 1-1.5 years old must be fed once a day. Then, 2-4 times a week. What should be in the diet:

1. Low-fat river fish with bones. Give 5-6 times a week.

2. Shrimp with shell. Give once a week.

3. Liver, chicken hearts. Give once a week or two.

4. Sepia should be in the tank. It contains calcium, and this is the “building material” for the shell of a red-eared turtle.

Algae, duckweed, lettuce, carrots, dandelion leaves should also be included in the diet of an adult. But it is important to bear in mind that this animal is a river predator, therefore fish should come first on the menu.

Subject to the conditions of your pet will please you for many years. After all, the correct content of the red-eared turtle will allow her to live at home for 30 years or more.

Red-eared turtles at home

The home turtle of this species is very durable and is great for those who are just starting to care for animals. However, in order for your pet to be healthy and happy, you need to properly care for it. Red-eared turtles need a shore (land), which should be warm, and the water, warm and clean, in addition, the liquid should be changed regularly.

Red-eared turtles are strong, fast, and can be aggressive. They easily attack both other turtles and each other. In addition, they have charisma and personality, and this is what distinguishes them from other species. Red-eared turtles are very skillful when it comes to stealing food from other animals. In the wild, they are invasive and destroy and supplant endemics.

Red-skinned bug and baby

Turtles of this species can be wonderful pets, for example, because reptile allergy is extremely rare. Care for the eagles at home is not a big deal for an adult. However, if you decide to have it as a gift for a child, then it is worth remembering that the entire responsibility for the life and health of the animal lies solely on you. Children are not able to provide proper care for red-eared turtles, in addition, they can quickly cool to a new toy and forget about it. But it is necessary to feed, warm, wash and change the water in the aquarium.

Appearance

Red-eared turtles, whose care requires some effort, are easily recognizable. They cannot be confused with any other kind. Characteristic of this species is a red or sometimes orange band, which starts from the eye and continues along the neck. The upper part of the shell is round and smooth. The color is olive green with yellow and black lines. The lower part of the shell is yellow, but it darkens with age. Also dark spots on the shell, and the red stripe on the head loses brightness.

The dimensions of this reptile are measured by a ruler from edge to edge, and irregularities of the shell are not taken into account. The newly hatched small red-eared turtles are about 2.5 cm in length, and after a year of life they grow to 5-7 cm. The average reptile size is from 25 to 30 cm, depending on the conditions of detention.

Dimensions can not be a sign of the age of the bug. At home, these reptiles grow faster than in nature. This is the result of an abundance of feed and ideal conditions. However, if you take care of the eagles at home correctly, then it will delight you much longer. The wild reptile will not live longer than 20 years, and the domestic can reach 40 years.

It must be remembered that when you pick up a reptile, you need to be careful. It may be slippery, hiss, resist and empty the bowels. The turtle has sharp claws, powerful paws, it bites painfully. You need to hold the reptile with both hands. Because of the mishandling, many hosts and much more turtles have suffered.

After you hold the bug in your hands, they should be washed with soap and water. This is especially true of children. The reptile lives in different conditions and with other bacteria. It is especially important to monitor the freshness of the food and the purity of the aquarium, as turtles can tolerate salmonellosis.

The turtle should not have access to the kitchen and to places where food may be located. In addition, do not wash the reptile, aquarium and accessories in the sink in the kitchen.

Handling babies

In most cases, turtles that appear in the home aquarium are babies. They are very gentle, and it is important to ensure that they are comfortable and eat well. Turtle calves have a high mortality rate, they can die without an external cause and are susceptible to disease.

If you notice something on the bottom of the turtle shell, then this is most likely a gastric sac. The reptile that has just hatched consumes all the necessary nutrients from it. Therefore, it should not be touched or removed. During the first time, turtles may refuse to eat until the gastric sac has resolved.

It is better not to take in the hands of small turtles, as they can be afraid, hurt and fall into stress. Do not stand near the aquarium, knocking on the glass. Give them some time to grow thin and start eating. It is important that the temperature of land and water is stable.

Do not place the aquarium in a draft or in direct sunlight. Do not keep adults and small turtles together. Small reptiles should have access to land. The water temperature for keeping babies is 26-27 degrees, and sushi is up to 32. Water should be clean, and if there is no filter, then it should be changed every couple of days. Feed turtles can be branded feed. Remember that most problems can be avoided if you just create the necessary conditions.

Red-skinned turtles: care and maintenance

You will need an aquarium or a terrarium for keeping a red-eared turtle. Its volume is 150-200 liters. Remember that your little bug will get bigger over time. She needs such a height of water so that she can freely roll over, that is, no less than the width of her shell. However, this is the minimum water level that the red-eared turtle needs. The more swimming space she has, the better.

In addition, it needs artificial land, on which the red-eared little turtle will crawl out to warm up. The island can be purchased at the pet store. In principle, this is all that is needed. The island should be stable, have a sloping rise, it should not be burrs and sharp corners.

Land must occupy at least 25% of the surface of the terrarium and meet the following requirements:

  1. The island should be heated. The temperature on it should be no less than 10 degrees higher than water. Remember that too much temperature will cause the reptile to overheat.
  2. Land must be submerged (at least one of its sides is in the water).
  3. The island should be safe. The turtle should not get stuck between it and the glass of the aquarium.
  4. When heated, it should not release toxic substances.
  5. Reliability and stability are important, as turtles of this species are very strong and can turn it over.
  6. Land must have a textured surface.

The turtles are omnivores, they feed on various types of food. For them, diversity is important. You can feed a red-eared turtle with artificial feed, vegetables, feed for aquarium fish, insects, aquarium plants, fish and invertebrates. In addition to diversity, it is important to ensure that the reptile diet is balanced and with a high level of calcium. They, like other pets, have a tendency to overeating.

Hibernation is the period in which the turtle falls during the winter. There is no need for the red-eared turtle to hibernate. In addition, it is highly not recommended! Therefore, you should not stimulate hibernation! Why this process may be unsafe?

For example, because you may not have enough experience to care for the reptile during this period. You will not have the conditions for the bug to hibernate. A reptile may not need it at all. Patients turtles or young may be too weak to move this period.

Those reptiles that hibernate in natural conditions, burrow into the vegetation and silt at the bottom of the reservoir, which has a large area and small depth. Turtles do not rise to the surface during this period: they absorb oxygen through the membranes that are located in their mouth, cloaca and pharynx. At the same time, the depth of the reservoir, its temperature and its oxygen content are extremely important. The vast majority of artificial ponds do not provide the necessary conditions.

Thus, the red-eared bug grown in captivity, there is no need and should not be introduced into the state of hibernation. What is the key condition for this? Температура воды в террариуме не должна быть менее 24-26 градусов. В противном случае низкая температура напомнит красноухой черепахе о зимних месяцах, которые необходимо провести в спячке.

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