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Dalmatians: description and characteristics of the breed

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Dalmatian - charming, seemingly slightly frivolous dog with black spots all over his body. These spots are really scattered everywhere. If you open their mouths, you will be surprised to see that there are spots too.

Dalmatians is a big dog with an even greater personality. This is a very active breed of dogs, and some individuals are over active. They love to party and love to play, play and play.

Temperament and characteristics

Dalmatian - charming, seemingly slightly frivolous dog with black spots all over his body. These spots are really scattered everywhere. If you open their mouths, you will be surprised to see that there are spots too. Imagine at birth they do not have these points. Puppies are born completely white. Spots appear as they grow older.

Dalmatian is as funny as a toy. Dalmatians became especially popular after the release of the Disney film “101 Dalmatians” on screens. But this popularity was paid to owners who thought they were getting a loving creation, like in the movies. But these friends are not Hollywood. There were so many undesirable crosses in the Dalmatian that the progeny factory became unpredictable. They are overly aggressive.

But this does not mean that all Dalmatians have problems. With proper breeding and training, these attractive dogs can be great friends. This is one of the few breeds that was bred as carriage breed. The task of the Dalmatian was to run ahead of the carriage and clear the way from people. These dogs first protected the rich in their carriages, and then began to be used to protect mounted fire wagons.

If you do not like it when a dog attacks you with all its love and weight when you get out of the car, then the Dalmatian is not for you.

Dalmatians need daily physical exertion and it takes them a long time to get tired. They enjoy running, playing with a ball. They can spend hours running after you while you are riding a bike nearby. Usually Dalmatians adore water. If a Dalmatian does not get enough exercise, his behavior can become destructive. For this breed of dogs, you must complete an obedience course at an early age.

Dalmatian can assume a dominant role in the family, so it is extremely important to let him know who is the leader in the house. A Dolmatist will use it if the owner does nothing with his bad behavior. However, they are quite well amenable to home education. But even a well-trained Dalmatian from time to time can surprise his master with unusual (usually not very pleasant) behavior. Dogs of this breed quickly become attached to the owner and love the family atmosphere.

Dalmatians will try to follow you from room to room, and at night they will want to jump into your bed so that you embrace them. If a Dalmatian is left aside from what his family is doing, then he often starts barking loudly, nibbling things and making digs. Dolmatins were bred as a guard breed, so they zealously protect their family. They will always let you know when a stranger approaches. They almost never bite unless specifically provoked.

The ideal condition for the life of a Dalmatian is a warm climate and the ability to run a lot. Keep such a dog in a city apartment is not recommended.

If you decide to start a Dalmatian, understand - this is a bunch of energy. It should fit your lifestyle.

The size

The height of the male at the withers is from 56 to 61 cm.

The height of the female is from 54 to 59 cm.

Weight 27-32 kg. and 24-29 kg. respectively

Dalmatian training

Dalmatians can be independent and stubborn. But do not be deceived, the Dalmatian is extremely smart. Because of their minds, it sometimes seems that they think bigger and better than you. For Dalmatians, early socialization is very important. Start as early as possible from your puppyhood start classes consistently and patiently. In general, if you abide by the above, the Dalmatian is easily trained and learns new commands fairly quickly.

Read more in the article Dalmatian training.

Moult

Dalmatian very shedding. He leaves behind a large amount of wool. You can find it everywhere throughout the apartment.

Caring for a dalmatian

They do not require special grooming. It needs to be combed as needed. But since it sheds heavily, you may have to comb out the loose fleeces daily. After all, what remains on your comb will not fall into your apartment.

Dalmatian

In the world there are dozens of dog breeds: known and not very large and small, bred by man for various purposes. But if we talk about the most charming breed of dogs - then Dalmatian or dalmatian will definitely be among the applicants for prizes.

This is a very ancient breed that has been pleasing man for several thousand years. Most likely, she got her name from the name of the region in the Balkans - Dalmatia. Currently, Croatia is officially recognized as the birthplace of this breed.

Breed standard

The standard for this breed was first written in 1882 by the Englishman Vero Shaw. He became the official standard of the Dalmatian breed.

Dalmatian is a rather large animal, with harmonious proportions of the body, muscular and strong. Differs in big endurance and can promptly move.

  • Dog weight. In males about 27-32 kg, in bitches - 24-29 kg.
  • Height at withers. For males should be about 56-61 cm, and for females - 54-59 cm.
  • Color Body color is white. Black or brown spots are evenly scattered over the white body. They should be round, not merge and be well delineated.
  • Wool. It should be short, tough, shiny and shiny.

Two important proportions for the Dalmatian standard. The length of the muzzle to the length of the skull should be treated as 1/1, and the length of the body to its height - 10/9.

Breed species

There are two varieties of this breed: black spotted and brown-spotted. To distinguish them is very simple. The first variety has dark spots on the body of black color, also a black nose and dark brown eyes, and the second one has dark brown pigmentation, a brown nose and lighter eyes. True, there are blue-eyed Dalmatians.

General description, character

Dalmatians are large, muscular animals with an elegant body. Well picked up belly. The color is white with dark spots. Muzzle of elongated shape, ears of medium size, adjacent to the cheeks. Eyes are light brown or dark brown. The nose is black or brown. The neck is long. The tail in a free state is lowered down, according to the standard - it should not twist and stand vertically. Pigmentation on the tail is desirable.

Dalmatians are one of the most popular breeds today. Hollywood advertising played a big role here. After the release of the film "101 dalmatiansThis breed of dog has become especially fashionable.

However, in animal shelters Dalmatians are very frequent "guests".. Often when people watch a movie, they think that by purchasing a Dalmatian, they will immediately get a smart, kind and well-bred dog. But in life it's a little different. Dalmatian is a large, strong animal with great energy and often uneasy character. But if you can make friends with him, you will get a great friend for life..

The dog is very mobile and active, has a calm and friendly character. Sometimes the owners do not even know what to do with the excessive energy of the animal. The dog does not stand in one place for a second. Pets are very attached to their owner, courageous, although somewhat vindictive - they well remember those who dared to offend them. Dalmatian has a pretty strong will, so its better to keep people who already have experience in communication and dog training.

Lifespan about Dalmatians 10-13 years, taking into account, of course, proper care and maintenance.

Dalmatians are very intelligent animals, quick-witted, independent and resourceful.. But this breed of dog simply can not do without human society. Negative reviews about the intelligence of this breed and complaints about its behavior are often associated with improper upbringing of the dog and here the owners of the animal themselves are more to blame.

Dalmatians - a great dog for a large family in which there are children, even small ones. This breed is excellent for children and you can safely leave a child on it. Relations will be especially harmonious if the puppy and the child grow up together.

It will be interesting to you to read the description of the Drathaar breed, because it is famous for its versatility: it is an unsurpassed hunter, and a watchful watchman, and a devoted friend.

These creatures are compact and picky in content, and their main chip is appearance. Guess who it is?

These dogs are affectionate and affectionate, easily get along in human and dog society, in the house you can keep more than one animal of this breed. About the nature of Basenji our detailed article.

Dalmatian can be used as a watchdog, it turns out great security guard.

In general, it should be noted that a lot depends on the particular animal, but even more on the education that was given to him. With proper upbringing and training, an excellent friend and an almost equal member of the family grows out of the Dalmatian. If you did something wrong, you might get a problem with the dog’s behavior. From the first months, the pet should clearly accept you as the main one and learn how to carry out your orders.

Dog care

Dalmatians do not require complex care. Firstly, they are very clean, avoid as fire, dirt and puddles. Dalmatians have short hair, they molt all year round. From time to time they need to be combed out. But the most important thing in caring for a Dalmatian is regular exercise and walking - for this breed is required. This dog has a lot of energy. Even for a Dalmatian it is important to constantly communicate with the owner.

Dalmatians should be daily in the fresh air for at least an hour and a half, and it is better not to do it all at once. The ideal option may be joint jogging or cycling.

The popularity of rottweilers at different times varies, but they always know about them and all. If people need a true friend who will accompany him anywhere in the world and in any weather, then this breed is chosen. Get acquainted with a detailed description of the Rottweiler breed on our website.

German shepherds emit energy, for lovers of morning runs such a dog will be a good companion. The link - the pros and cons of this beautiful breed.

Dalmatians are omnivores. You can give fish, meat, vegetables, dairy products. You can also give dry food, but in this case, those that contain a lot of dyes and other additives should be avoided. they have dalmatians often have allergies.

Sometimes a dog may not eat a day. Do not worry - the dog itself decided to make a “fasting” day for itself.

Features of training

From about five months you can proceed to training Dalmatians and there are some important points. This breed is very intelligent, intelligent and clever, but with obedience they sometimes have problems. Rather, even not so: the dog does not want to mindlessly do what is demanded of it.

Dalmatians are dogs with a rich inner world, true individuals. And in training for you the most important thing is to find the way to her inner world. Tough methods of education are useless and even harmful - you just embitter the dog.

Advantages and disadvantages of Dalmatians

Virtues

  • Dalmatian is a very clever dog, with a cheerful and kind character.
  • Excellent for people who lead an active lifestyle.
  • Differs excellent health, almost no ill.
  • It requires minimal care and gets along well with children.

disadvantages

  • This is a very active dog, they need to pay a lot of attention and time. Not everyone can afford it. Looking for long and frequent walks, a lot of movement.
  • The apartment is not very suitable for the maintenance of this breed. More comfortable dalmatian will feel in a country house.
  • Quite a "wayward" dog and can deliver certain difficulties trainer.
  • Dalmatians are subject to frequent allergies.

This animal needs a lot of time and attention. If you do not have such an opportunity - it is better to buy another dog. Dalmatians are intelligent and very active animals, they are more suitable owners, who also lead an active lifestyle. This dog needs both a master and a friend in one person, and if you can become one and the other, you will not regret it. Dalmatians just should not start the elderly, people who do not have free time, phlegmatic and couch potatoes.

But if you have an active life position, you often do not sit at home and regularly go on weekends to nature, and your hobby is biking and hiking - then this dog is created for you.

Doberman - a characteristic of the breed and its features

Fashion for dogs changes frequently. But there are rocks that are not influenced by fashion. There are many reasons for this - the indispensability of any qualities, an outstanding mind, excellent adaptability, an interesting appearance or something else. It is precisely such that the Doberman breed is always in demand.

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28 Comments

Dalmatian - really has its rich inner world! It's true. He loves communication very much - there is no one left - he will be together with you to cook and eat TV. Very inquisitive. We were lucky - at home almost no children in the process of growing up. Not whimsical in food, even more vegetarians. I would like to add to the article - there is another drawback - wool. Dogs of this breed do not have undercoat and wool easily falls out. Especially spring-summer. It is recommended to comb - then the percentage of wool on the floor - of course decreases.

My Dolmatite is 9 years old. But by activity he is a one-year-old. Cheerful, good dog! All the kids in the yard adore him! He doesn't bark at all! To make him make a voice command, you need to work hard! He hmyknet or quietly blather, but in order to properly bark, no! Here is a silent! Rybakov does not like only !! Here then it will be uttered, the silence will come again and again!

The dog is susceptible to allergies, and yet they can’t be given a liver, but otherwise I got a hardy and good-natured specimen. He is still a whiner, when we go on the bus, he whines all the way and sings, probably boring to him!

My girl is also 9 years old, in the car whines all the way))) In general, Dalmatians remain children until the end of their life ...

Our Dalmatian lived a long happy dog's life - 16 children and 8 months! They were fed with cereals, they never gave food. The liver was given raw, but only as a delicacy. In general, he could pick up everything on the street — he ate packets, candy with candy wrappers, then it all came out — packets and candy wrappers. He did not like aggressive dogs. He fought fearlessly against Dobermans and staffs. Sewed and head and ears. They even removed the second eyelid in one eye and injured a staf of eyes. We love the owners of the staffs to walk their dogs without leashes. Songs "sang" always when they were going for a walk, when they were driving in the car for a walk, when they were returning from a walk-waiting for paws, he sang his song of impatience. Friendly, adored all family members and all our friends. Shkodil a lot. I could not stand loneliness. I read and cooked with us, and watched movies — everyone always had to be in his field of vision.

Thanks for the hint very good dog.

Hello. here such a thing was offered to him by the Dolmatins for 7 months, it’s just a pity for the dog, the hosts played enough and they don’t need it (((do you think you should take it for yourself? We have two children 5 years and 11 months

Take it! We took 1 year and the child was 3 years old. Now it does not get off the dog) there were no great difficulties, but in a couple of months we overcame everything)

Take it. I took my Dalmatian, he was 9 months old, after 2 days he didn’t move a step away from me, I love this breed)))))) My child is 4 years old, they get on well

class! it was interesting to read, thank you)))

I have a bitch 16 months. Tell me when dolmatov estrus begins?

Hello, but please tell me, I took a 2-month-old girl how to teach her to use the toilet. Thank.

Well, now we have a Dolmatian .. already had one dog, Husky, 9 months .. offered Bandyusha (Bandin Dalmat) .. son and decided to shelter him (the owners didn’t need it) ... his house, the dogs in the yard, cheerfully chase each a friend .. + a cat with kittens and a stray kitten about 3-4 months ... and all this "flock" lives together with my son ... I live next to it, so every day I go there several times and nurse and help with the feeding of all our friendly and beloved menagerie :)))

Our Dalmatian lived 16 years and 8 months! And I wish you many years

We took when she was already 5 years old))) did not regret for a minute. The dream of a dog has come true, 😁😁😆

Our Dalmatian is already 12 years old, nicknamed May, older children have grown up with him, now the younger son is growing up. The most beloved friend of the family and the whole yard, but in any place where they would not be, we get good attention from others. But…. something happened that did not even suggest. My husband became allergic to dog saliva. All his life since childhood, he reacted only to cats. Мало того,проблема очень для нас большая. Папу жалко и собаку жалко. Как решить, что делать? Многие говорят, решение одно-……Как на это можно пойти7 Скажите?

Do not throw Dalmatian pozh-ta! For such an allergy you can and simply need to pick up a histamine preparation! Their huge amount. There is a way out, but not the one everyone is talking about. These are little people who do not love and never will love dogs, especially such clever and igrenov. Without him you will be very uncomfortable and reproach yourself for the rest of your life.

I also have a Dalmatian boy 11 months. honestly speaking, the nerves can no longer stand, but I love him very much.
He gnawed almost all the toys of his son)))) and if the children come to visit to play duck, he generally goes off playing with them, and in the end he doesn’t allow them to play nichrome and they go outside.
Yes, and how much he chewed my shoes))))
Yes, and to the toilet, I have it up to 6 months. I taught Sal, I can say everywhere even on the furniture. But I’ve dealt with this. Now we ask the toilet for some reason
somehow like this))))

My dog ​​is two years old. Very active, cheerful, good-natured and affectionate dog. There were difficulties in education, as this is the first dog, but all the efforts and nerves are worth it. Great friend, companion and security guard. He likes to run and play a lot with both the owner and the dogs. I think this dog loves everyone as soon as strangers talk about him, he immediately wags his tail and begins to get to know each other, to lick his hands. I highly recommend to train for obedience both in puppy and in more adult age - it will be easier to educate and understand a dog. I want to clarify the breed: they have a genetic predisposition to urolithiasis.

Can a puppy arrange a fasting day (1.5 months

My 10 years. I would never have a dog of this breed. It needs to be very very energetic. The energy of my dog ​​is the key, just a fountain of energy. Up to two years she was running around the apartment like an energy generator. The whole family was tired of her. And we decided to give it away just like that. If it were not for us, she would grow; she was then 3 months old. Many people came to us and no one even took her for free, she galloped, screamed, jumped on people licked, sat for a second. Nobody wanted such a miracle, so she left us crazy to drive. When she slept, and it was rarely we went on tiptoe, so that God forbid, do not wake up, snatched everything out of hand, unwound toilet paper, ate everything in the house that you can eat. It took me a lot of patience before making a person out of her. They are difficult to train, disobedient, restless. They say they have hearing problems. May so deaf until you rustle delicious. For the appearance of such a dog in the house you need to prepare and think a hundred times. Ten years have passed and she has become a little quieter, still she does not lie on the spot, she walks after you constantly and asks for affection, will pester and throw her hand up with her face until you iron her. And you need to iron endlessly, she has no measure. they are very talkative often whines, constantly cursing growls, shows discontent. For example, you came from a walk with her, but she urgently needs food, but you still haven’t taken off your shoes, and now you’ll stand to growl from a bowl to run to me and swear so arrogantly. Well, this is my kind of bad luck for me, but very friendly of all the neighbors adores everyone is glad endlessly that I have doubts whether I am her mistress or any person can also be loved. problems with their ears often. We have chronic otitis media, we are treating infinitely with the baby, there are no more health problems. And my dog ​​doesn’t like children to growl very much, although I didn’t let the children torture her and she’s friendly to them, but to certain limits, she still doesn’t love them, my friend also has a Dalmatian who doesn’t love children. Everything is very individual. And our neighbors have super calm Dalmatian, it was not audible and could not be seen. Yet I think this is an exceptional copy. I love going to the woods with her, she rushes there, and I am happy for her. When the first snow sees crazy with joy coming in circles, it can be worn endlessly. And age is not a hindrance. I think my twenty years will live. But no more Dalmatian!

I have a boy for two years called Fog 😍 in general, this is my first Dalmatian, but I can talk about him forever by the fact that he is so smart, gentle, handsome, good-natured dog, and this breed has its drawbacks and the main disadvantage is that he would just play and play just to play and because of this, it is slightly frivolous, but the fact that these dogs are stupid is said only by those who could not win the trust and respect of this dog, but not every owner of this particular dog can be a leader and at the same time a friend of the dog, otherwise she either sit on your head or be about guard the master

Hello, the guys took Dalmatians to him for 4 years, the owners flew to St. Petersburg. It was grafted, clever, tell me how to care for such a big dog and what to feed. Still knows the place, obedient, loves to walk and so that I was always near. chain and slept on hard. on the paws on the logts, all the blisters wiped out. I live in an apartment. Thin while I cook soup, noodles. I tried to wash our shower doesn’t go to bed and I can try to lure 23 kg and one eye as I was told to turn out a century. belmo.soderzhalsya not reabilitiruyu.u have two daughters 7 i5let.on trogaet.poka they are not in the apartment did not let go of is tied to the battery.

lives 4 days with us, and of course he still suffers, but if you let go freely, he marked the area on the street twice every 10 steps so it marks. I want to sterilize it

How b..lya can feed the dog soups. I understand everything, but you don’t feel sorry for the dog’s stomach? Sorry for the money for meat and proper nutrition, give the dog! Do not machayte

I have an ideal dog, bitch 9 years old. They took her five years, the hostess began to work very hard and the dog burdened her. I do not have a single fact, when the dog was a burden. Very kind and calm, not nibbled, walks twice a day, but. It can endure for 12 hours, although it remembered the only negative, picks up from the ground, so we walk in a muzzle, but without a leash. Very obedient, never runs away. Probably I was lucky or the previous hostess trained her a lot. I had had dogs, a poodle and two Germans in a row before, but they were no match for this dog. Yes, he walks on his heels, but if you tell him about the place, he goes on without a murmur. And of course this dog is just a decoration of life.

Photo of dalmatian

Character, behavior

Dalmatians are good-natured, sociable, cheerful and mobile. They are real sanguine people, they love to play, to communicate with people, they love to please their master. In return, they demand respect. The character of the Dalmatian is strong, strong-willed, they do not tolerate rudeness, often vindictive. Prone to stubbornness, can make their own decisions.

Dalmatians are impressionable, emotional, their feelings can be expressed by various sounds: lowing, grunting, etc. They get offended when they are punished, they endure hard partings. With a lack of attention, frequent walks, physical exertion, the character of the dog deteriorates, it becomes closed, indifferent to everything. From boredom, a pet can behave badly, gnaw things.

Learning ability

Dalmatians are the smartest dogs who constantly accumulate experience and successfully use it. They are distinguished by tenacious memory, increased behavioral and psychological adaptability, and a lightning reaction to stimuli.

Representatives of the breed are easy to train, successfully participate in circus performances, because they have outstanding acting data. Sometimes the dog can seem silly when he does not want to obey the master. It is important to persevere, otherwise the pet may become disobedient.

Attitude to the owner, children, strangers

Dalmatians treat with love not only the owner, but also all family members. Intelligent dogs are very sociable and can easily build relationships with any person, including those who are complex. Due to the high innate socialization of the pet you need to pay maximum attention.

They treat children well, can become real nannies, and then companions in games. Parents should teach the child how to properly interact with the dog. Dalmatians do not like familiar relations.

In relation to strangers behave benevolently or indifferently. Raised dog does not show aggression. Dalmatians can be good watchmen and give voice when they hear suspicious sounds. In case of danger the dog will be able to intercede for the owner.

Attitude towards other animals

Dalmatians are able to make friends with cats and even rodents, if they do not show aggression. Representatives of the breed interact well with congeners living in the same house, so it is easier for them to endure loneliness. However, they tend to dominate. Males show aggression to each other, especially to those who met on the street.

Care and maintenance

Wool: the content of the Dalmatian provides for daily brushing with a brush with a bristle of medium hardness or a massage mitten. Dogs shed year-round. If the pet is combed regularly, it will minimize the amount of wool in the house.

For shine, wipe the coat well with a cloth moistened with a special solution. To prepare it, it is necessary to mix in equal parts vinegar, water and vodka. If the pet's skin is dry and flaky, sometimes lubricate it with special oil.

Bathing: 2-3 p. in year. Exhibition animals are washed on the eve of the event. Use shampoo for short-haired dogs. If you have problems with wool, you can additionally buy a balm (rinse, lotion). Procedure Procedure:

  • Put a mat on the bottom of the bath and pour some warm water (30 ° C).
  • Put your pet in the bath, you can put a toy there.
  • Moisten the coat with water.
  • Apply shampoo.
  • Carefully rub it into the coat, paying particular attention to the paws.
  • Rinse the shampoo out of the shower.
  • Wrap the dog in a towel, it should be done quickly, as he will seek to shake off.
  • Dry the coat with a towel.

Within 2 hours. after the procedure, you can not go out with your pet. We must make sure that there are no drafts in the house (the dog may catch a cold).

Ears: regular inspection. If sulfur or dirt appears, remove them with a cotton swab moistened with antiseptic solution or water.

Teeth: brushing 1 p. to remove plaque. In order to prevent the occurrence of tartar, buy special biscuits and bones for your pet. You can give the dog tomatoes, rub your teeth with lemon juice, slightly diluted with water.

Claws: trimming 1-2 p. / Month. Too long claws prevent fingers from gathering into a ball. Cut the claws at an angle of 45 grams using a nail clipper. Then file them with a saw. If during the procedure the claw was damaged, use a hemostatic agent, preferably in powder form. Put it on the damaged place, press it with a hand for 45 seconds. It is recommended to trim the claws when the pet is sleepy.

Health, prone to disease

Dalmatians are physically healthy dogs that are not susceptible to genetic diseases. However, older animals often suffer from urolithiasis. Symptoms:

  • full or partial urinary retention,
  • frequent, drop-shaped, painful urination,
  • the appearance of blood in the urine.

The disease is a very serious threat to health and life, especially if there is a complete delay of urination. Other complications: severe cystitis, intoxication, exacerbation of kidney disease.

Treatment includes catheterization, diet, the appointment of antispasmodics, antibiotics, herbal. The method of pulsed magnetic therapy is used, allowing to dissolve stones without resorting to surgical intervention. Some types of stones are removed only by surgery. In the future, you need a diet that helps maintain urine pH at the required level. Prevention of urolithiasis is to increase the amount of water consumed, prevent stagnation of urine (i.e., ensure frequent walking).

Dalmatians are prone to allergies. More often the pathological reaction is caused by:

  • apricots,
  • oatmeal,
  • Strawberry,
  • bee products,
  • bananas
  • Brewer's yeast,
  • fatty fish
  • some industrial feed.

Allergies are also provoked by: excess protein in the body, care products (shampoos, flea collars, etc.), plant pollen, insect bites, and even house dust. Symptoms:

  • rash,
  • skin redness
  • dull fur, her fallout,
  • pinkish beige specks on the head, along the spine.

Treatment is to exclude contact with the substance-allergen, the use of antihistamines.

Choosing a puppy, care, maintenance, education

A puppy of this breed is recommended to be taken at the age of 6-8 weeks, when individual character traits begin to appear. Pay attention to the behavior: the baby must be friendly, cheerful, inquisitive, active. Give up a timid, scared, lethargic puppy. Signs of the breed:

  • the back is flat,
  • front legs straight, elbows pressed to chest,
  • hind legs with well-defined articulation angles,
  • fingers tucked together
  • the tail has a saber shape, it does not rise too high from the level of the back, does not twist into a ring,
  • the ears are set high, tightly pressed to the head,
  • bite right (scissor).

Check the hearing in the dog, the correct reaction to a loud sound - pushing the ears, head movement.

Dalmatian puppies have dark blue eyes, the color changes to brown after 2 months. Blue eyes are a vice; such animals cannot be exposed and used for breeding.

Upbringing

Start from the first days. It is important to make clear to the puppy that the owner is the main one in the house, the “leader”. Otherwise, the Dalmatian will grow out of control. Explain to the puppy the rules of behavior in the house: you can not climb into the bed with the owner, nibble at sneakers, bite, ask for food from the table. It requires confidence, patience and perseverance.

Remember that these dogs are very sensitive and emotional, so you should not be rude to your pet. It is unacceptable to beat the puppy, it is enough to scold him (but not shout), lightly slap the newspaper, pull the withers. It is necessary to punish only when the culprit is caught at the scene of the crime, otherwise he simply will not understand why he was scolded.

Do not allow the puppy did not execute the command. For the correct behavior, obedience stroke, treat a treat. However, it is impossible to behave with the dog too softly, otherwise it will not be able to perceive the owner as a leader. It is recommended to build relationships with a pet on the basis of mutual respect, to be sincere, to keep confidently.

Dalmatians easily learn basic commands: “a place”, “me”, “no”, etc. Monotony quickly bores the animal, so you can soon move on to learning more complex commands. It is recommended to sign up for classes that are held at the training site under the guidance of an instructor.

  1. Feeding must be at the same time.
  2. Feed the dog only after the walk. If you walk Dalmatians on a full stomach, your dog will hang back.
  3. Food should be a little warm.
  4. Add salt to food can not.
  5. Change the water in the bowl twice a day.
  6. You cannot change the menu structure too drastically; add new products gradually, over 2-3 days.
  7. If too much protein is present in the diet, the Dalmatians are disturbed by metabolism, urolithiasis develops.

Feeding frequency per day:

  • 1.5-3 months - 5 times,
  • 4-5 months - 4 times,
  • 6-9 months - 3 times,
  • after 10 months - 2 times.

Ready feed

High quality industrial feed contains the necessary vitamins, trace elements, does not cause violations of the gastrointestinal tract. Since Dalmatians are prone to allergies, it is better to purchase hypoallergenic brands or food marked "for dogs with skin problems." Do not buy diets for active animals. This feed contains too much protein. The optimal protein content - 22%, fat - 10%.

Feeding natural food

How to feed a Dalmatian:

  1. Meat - from 30% to 50% (beef, rabbit, lamb, poultry). Up to 20 g of product per kg of animal weight should be given per day. Feeds raw or zashparivat boiling water. Sometimes you can include in the diet of offal (boiled).
  2. Meat can be replaced with sea fish (boiled, boneless), give 1-2 p. / Week.
  3. Groats - from 25% to 35% (buckwheat, rice). Cook porridge on the water, add boiled vegetables.
  4. Dairy products - from 20% to 30% (cottage cheese, natural yogurt, kefir, yogurt). Sometimes you can give cheese - as a treat.
  5. Vegetables - up to 20% (carrots, beets, pumpkin, cabbage, zucchini).
  6. Eggs - 2-3 pcs. in weeks (cook or make an omelet). It is better to feed the yolk.
  7. Raw bones (vertebrates, sugar), tails, cartilage - occasionally.
  8. Vegetable oil, fish oil - sometimes added to feed. This improves the quality of the coat.
  9. Fruits, berries (apples, grapes, cherries, currants, melons, etc.) - as a delicacy. Give with caution, when allergy symptoms appear, exclude from the menu.
  10. Vitamin, mineral supplements.

  • pork (contains a lot of fat, meat can be infected with parasites),
  • Hercules (often causes allergies, wool fades, becomes yellowish)
  • millet, pearl barley (poorly digested),
  • potato (poorly digested),
  • pasta, bread,
  • sweets,
  • fried foods
  • smoked products
  • tubular, hard bones,
  • sausages,
  • food with spices, spices.

What can you give a puppy

Until the age of 15 days, puppies eat mother's milk, and later they begin to be given complementary foods (cow's milk, liquid cereals). At the age of 1 month малышам скармливают:

  • измельчённое мясо,
  • растёртые овощи,
  • творог,
  • кефир,
  • каши (гречка, рис).

В период смены зубов рекомендуется включать в рацион холодец с кусочками мяса, хрящей.

Творог нужно давать не реже 2-3 р./нед. (он богат кальцием). Полезен продукт, приготовленный в домашних условиях. Mix the kefir with milk in equal proportions. Leave at room temperature. When the mixture turns sour, heat it over low heat. Drop it on the gauze and wait for the serum to drain.

Breeding characteristics

Animals are used in breeding only when they reach physiological maturity: males - 15-20 months, females - 18-24 months. (to the 3rd heat). To pick a dog for breeding, visit several exhibitions, chat with the owners, watch the offspring. Make a list of "applicants", analyze the exterior.

Learn the advantages and disadvantages of a bitch. Determine what you need to try to keep the exterior, and what - to fix. Compare the imperfections of males and your dog. For example, if a bitch has a very flat chest, do not bind her with a dog that has the same defect. The best time for mating is from the 9th to the 14th day of estrus. The "process" is produced where the dog lives. After one day, control binding is recommended.

On average, the duration of pregnancy is 60-64 days. During this period, the dog needs the usual physical exertion in order to maintain strong muscles. However, you can not allow her to actively play with her relatives, jump. How many puppies give birth to bitches of this breed: the average litter is 6-7 babies. Weight of 1 newborn - 350-400 g.

In the lactation period, pay attention to hygiene. After walking you need to wash the dog's paws (water) and nipples (with a weak solution of potassium permanganate). The first 2-3 weeks. Bitch caring for puppies herself. In the future, you want to maintain the purity of the arena, to teach kids to the toilet. Socialization is also important. Puppies that are afraid of people, show aggression will be harder to sell.

Characteristics of the breed Dalmatians

Dalmatian (Dalmatian, dalmatian) - dog of medium breed. Reliable guard, loyal companion. Croatia is considered the birthplace of this amazing dog, or rather its north - western region Dalmatia. Officially, the breed is named Dalmatian, but the most common Dalmatian.

Dalmatian description and standard ICF (FCI)

On the photo are Dalmatian standing on a log

Country of origin: Croatia.

Use: hunter, companion.

FCI Classification: Group 6 Hounds, blood dogs and related breeds. Section 3 Related breeds. Without a working exam.

General appearance: head mesocephalic, prismatic shape, with drooping ears. Dalmatian body is rectangular, strong, muscular with characteristic spotting. The movements are elegant. Sexual dimorphism is clearly expressed.

  • The length of the body to the height at the withers refers to 10: 9.
  • Height of elbow joints: 50% of the height at the withers.
  • Height of hock: 20-25% of height.
  • Head length: almost 40% of the height at the withers.
  • The length of the skull to the muzzle is 1: 1.

Behavior / Character: Dalmatians are friendly, bold, calm, stress-resistant without showing aggression. Dalmatian cheerful, loyal, independent and easy to learn. He loves water, has a strong hunting instinct.

The head is proportional to the body, the skull part is moderately wide. Skin without folds.

  • The length from the occiput to the foot and from the stop to the tip of the nose is 1: 1. Slightly shorter muzzle permissible.
  • The line of the skull and the line of the muzzle are gently diverging.
  • Chewing muscles and cheekbones are not pronounced.

Skull: Flat, with soft rounding to the lateral planes. Between the ears is wide, well formed at the temples. The frontal furrow is mild.

Stop (transition from the forehead to the face): moderate.

Nose: Large, with nostrils wide open, fully pigmented. The color matches the color of the spots.

Adult Dalmatian lies and looks into the distance - photo

Muzzle: with well developed jaws, the back of the nose is straight.

Lips: strong, close to jaws, do not droop. Full pigmentation is desirable.

Jaws / Teeth: regular scissor bite, upper incisors overlap lower ones without gap, white teeth, arranged vertically. A complete 42 tooth formula is welcome. In older dogs, a bite is acceptable.

Eyes: oval, subfrontally set (at an angle of 10-15 °). The color matches the color of the spots. Eyelids well fitting. The edges of the eyelids are completely pigmented in tone of coat.

Ears: in the shape of an isosceles triangle, set high, thin and soft to the touch, adjacent to the cheekbones. The length reaches the inner corner of the eye or foot. The tips are gently rounded. Ears are spotted according to color (not completely black or brown).

Neck: strong, long, narrowed to head, without dewlap.

Dalmatian's body: rectangular.

Back: strong, straight.

Loin: short, muscular.

Croup: Muscular, slightly tilted by 30 °.

Chest: deep, bulky, not wide or barrel-shaped. Depth of chest 45-50% of the height at the withers. Elbow level is 50%. The ribs are well arched.

Dalmatian belly: moderately matched, not retracted.

Tail: planted in the continuation of the croup. Reaches up to the hock, or slightly longer. At the base is powerful, tapers towards the end, not too thick. Worn with saber. Spots are desirable.

Forelegs: straight, arranged parallel.

Shoulders: Shoulder angle approximately 115-120 °.

Elbows: adjacent to the body.

Forearm: The bones are proportionally developed and strong (round), the fore limbs are straight. The legs are vertical.

Wrists: Slightly sloping, elastic.

Front feet: toes closed (cat feet). The pads are tough, elastic. Claws as pigmented as possible.

HINDQUARTERS: Strong, well muscled. Postav hind limbs parallel.

Knees: strong. The knee bend is inclined 40 ° to the horizontal.

Hock: Strong.

Hocks: The height of the hock joints is 20-25% of the height at the withers. The angle of the hock is about 130 °.

Hind feet: closed toes. The pads are tough, elastic. Pigmented nails.

Movement: elegant, harmonious. Step and trot long, with a wide front step and a strong push back. Seen from behind, the limbs move in parallel.

Wool: short, shiny, hard, thick.

Height / Weight Dalmatian:

  • Height at withers: Males: 56 - 62 cm, bitches: 54 - 60 cm.
  • Weight: males 27–32 kg, females 24–29 kg

Disadvantages of a Dalmatian: any deviation from the above mentioned is considered a disadvantage, the assessment depends on the severity of the deviation, the ability to perform work, the effect on the health and well-being of the animal.

Dalmatians - disqualifying faults:

  • Aggression or excessive cowardice.
  • Physical abnormalities, behavior disorders.
  • Converging lines of the head.
  • The absence of more than 6 premolars, the absence of M3 is not taken into account and is not evaluated as an error.
  • Entropy, ectropy, birch eyes, variously colored eyes (heterochromia), blue eyes, partly blue iris.
  • Not pigmented nose
  • Tail ring
  • Monocle (black spot around the eye or both eyes) or spot in any other place
  • Tricolor (black and brown specks on the corresponding dog), tiger, lemon, orange and blue specks, pure white color without specks.
  • Hard-haired, long-haired.
  • Deafness.

Note: Male animals should have two apparently normally developed testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Care for spotted dalmatians

Pictured funny Dalmatians on the snow

Dalmatians is a short-haired breed that does not need special and painstaking care, and is not too demanding on the conditions of detention.

To preserve the well-groomed appearance of the breed, regularly brush your dog with a brush or a massage mitten (this will remove the dead wool and give it shine).

The molt is not too intense, but the process continues all year round. The breed is rather clean and does not have a specific dog smell.

Regularly inspect the claws and paws, after a walk, check for cuts or cracks. Claws are clipped 1 - 2 times a month, using a guillotine with a clipper or scissors. Bathe no more than one - twice a month, or as pollution.

How to feed a Dalmatian

In the diet of Dalmatians include such products:

Food is used at room temperature, not from the refrigerator and not too hot, always check before feeding the dog.

Dalmatians are a predatory pet, so raw food is more useful for it than boiled. Meat is better to cut into small pieces, as mashed or minced in the body is not digested.

It is better not to salt the food, you can add to the diet cheese - cheese or herring (always check for bones).

To prevent plaque on the teeth, let the Dalmatian have a fresh tomato or tomato juice. Better to abstain from sweets (chocolate, cakes, cookies)

Do not add seasoning (can badly affect the dog's scent)

Not recommended rolled oats, millet, pearl barley.

Carefully pick up the finished feed - Dalmatians are prone to allergies.

Description and characteristics of the Dalmatian breed

The first mention of the breed dates back to the 18th century, but medieval objects of art and images left by ancient civilizations point to a more impressive age.

Dogs used to:

  • hunting for animals and birds
  • escorting and guarding carriages,
  • circus performances
  • fire brigade escorts,
  • search for wounded under the rubble,
  • work in the patrol service.

In 1926, the FCI recognized the breed, setting the following standards:

  • Ears. They have an average size and high landing. The base is wide, the coloring contains spots or a marble pattern.
  • Head. The skull and muzzle have equal proportions and coincide in length.
  • Eyes. Accept a shade of a brown palette, changing brightness depending on a color. The eyelid has a continuous stroke and fits tightly to the eye. In the States, allowed a blue hue and are allowed multi-colored eyes.
  • Nose. Depending on the color takes a brown or black shade.
  • Lips. Pigmented fully or partially, tightly covering the strong jaws with scissor bite.
  • Body. The ratio of length and height, measured in the body and withers, is 10 to 9. Sizes: medium, small, dwarf.
  • Limbs. Muscular and strong, providing a long and parallel step. Seed gait - a reason for disqualification.
  • Tail. Long, reaching to the hock and having spots. In the excited state, the tail is slightly raised from the down position.
  • Sizes. Maximum height and weight indicators reach 62cm and 32kg.
  • Wool. Hair is hard and short. The coat should be shiny and shiny. Acceptable color is white with spots: black (black lobe) and brown (brown lobe).
Black color Brown color

The correct breed name is Dalmatian. Dalmatians appeared because of the incorrect translation of the famous Disney cartoon that made the dog recognizable and popular all over the world.

With proper care, the maximum life span of a dog is 12 years.

Rules of the maintenance and care of the Dalmatian

For the health of the four-legged friend is important:

  • Combing wool Year-round moult leaves a large amount of hair, so for the cleanliness of the apartment the dog will have to be combed daily.
  • Maintain an adequate amount of physical activity. A house with a separate section allows you to throw out the accumulated activity and not lose shape. In the conditions of urban life, the pet will have to walk for 1.5 hours every day. Take the dog for a walk or a bike ride. The animal will gladly make a company and knead its limbs.
  • Monitor the condition of the ears, eyes and mouth. Stick to general recommendations and do not allow dubious formations.
  • Observe calorie content and do not allow overfeeding. The breed does not have a feeling of fullness, therefore nutrition implies a certain frequency and proportions.

For dry food, choose a quality feed and follow the recommendations on the package.

Natural feeding is based on:

  • raw meat, scalded with boiling water and cut into small pieces (choose low-fat varieties),
  • cereals (rice, buckwheat), boiled in water, frequent use of oatmeal gives yellow wool, and yachka, barley and wheat are not absorbed by the body,
  • raw and cooked vegetables containing a small amount of vegetable oil,
  • fermented milk products (especially for puppies).

The breed is prone to allergic reactions and picky in the diet of natural products, so industrial feed will be preferable.

Spotted fur coat does not leave dogs no chance to be overlooked.

Animal character

Characteristic features of Dalmatian include:

  • Attachment. The animal is dependent on human attention, so do not be surprised if in the middle of the night it penetrates under the covers, begging for a portion of hugs.
  • Masculinity. The dog is always ready to protect his family from danger, regardless of the magnitude of the threat. Dalmatian bites only when provoked by the opponent, so the animal does not hurt the random stranger.
  • Conflict-free. A pet that has gone through early socialization is happy to tinker with young children and has contact with other four-legged family members. Males Dalmatians badly get along with each other because of the constant rivalry for leadership.
  • The need for constant communication. If the pet lives alone, then during the absence of the owner he may get bored and mess things up. Gnawed things, a hole in the couch and neighbors, unhappy with loud barking, are common.
  • Grudge. Try not to offend the dog without a reason. She is able to remember her abuser for a long time.

Dog training

A dog that has missed early socialization has a nervous and timid temper. It is difficult for her to interact with strangers, and some situations cause destructive actions.

In training is important:

  • Be hard. Prove your leadership and do not give the opportunity to twist the rope. The dog must respect the owner.
  • Do not use hard methods. Punishments are meaningless. They only discourage desire and cause aggression.
  • Encourage the most tiny achievements. A contented host and the resulting goodies are the best incentives for the spotted animal.
The dogs of this breed have a very expressive face with rich facial expressions.

Dalmatian is distinguished by the rapid development of skills, but beginners will have to tinker with it fairly. For a quick result, you should sign up for joint courses at a canine club and get training under the guidance of an experienced dog handler.

Dalmatian health

The main diseases inherent in the breed include:

  • dysplasia
  • eye diseases (superficial keratitis, retinal atrophy, glaucoma, cataracts),
  • IBC
  • congenital deafness
  • food allergies and flatulence,
  • dermatitis affecting interdigital space,
  • demodicosis,
  • distichiasis
  • polyneuropathy.

Before buying a puppy, make sure there are no congenital diseases. Deaf pets peculiar fearfulness and aggression.

How much is a puppy

The cost of puppies depends on:

  • compliance with the exterior,
  • costs incurred by the breeder,
  • parental status.

The minimum price for purebred dogs is about 18 thousand rubles, and a representative of the show class will cost 60 thousand rubles.

When buying an animal, contact only large kennels with all the necessary documentation. Remember that animals for sale before the age of 1.5 months are too small and do not have passive immunity.

Already from 5 months it is recommended to undergo a general training course.

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