Adults have white, less often cream plumage, newborn ducklings of dark yellow color. The head is large, the eyes are black. Beak orange, medium length. The neck is long, curved in the female and thick in the drake.
The duck has a rather massive and slightly raised body, wide and long. Chest volume, well developed. The wings fit snugly to the body. The tail is raised, near the drake the tips of the tail feathers are facing the back. Legs are orange, short, thick.
The main external difference that speaks of gender is considered body weight - drake is much larger.
The productivity of this breed refers to the meat direction, ducks are considered early ripening, because they quickly gain the bulk of their body weight.
Young by 60 days from the moment of birth reaches a weight of about 2.5-3 kg. The adult female gains about 3 kg of body weight, the drake usually weighs 4 kg.
The breed is not whimsical in feeding, but excitable and noisy. At the age of 7 months, the female begins to lay eggs, on average, up to 120 eggs per year, weighing 85 - 90g. Due to the fact that ducks are bad chickens, they use an incubator or lay eggs to another chick to obtain offspring.
Conditions of detention and care
Peking breed ducks are not recommended to keep large livestock in a small area. Them dampness is contraindicated litter is regularly replaced. The room should be warm.
Oviposition in females begins in March. The number of eggs is affected by the feeding regime and the quality of feed - with drastic changes, the egg production decreases and the molting period may begin earlier.
The physiological characteristics of ducks - This is an accelerated metabolism. Therefore, feeding is done at certain hours. They feed adult ducks 3 times a day. In the diet there are necessarily various boiled cereals, boiled potatoes, corn, bran.
The approximate amount of daily feed is about 400g per bird. When there are errors in nutrition, special premixes are added to the basic ration, containing the daily rate of essential vitamins and microelements.
Due to the strong immunity, Peking ducks rarely suffer from infectious diseases. A greater percentage of diseases are accounted for by non-contagious diseases caused by improper maintenance and feeding. A common manifestation of a dietary disorder is various avitaminosis. In the first place they are subject to ducklings.
With a lack of vitamins, young animals are stunted in growth, gaining weight poorly, as a result fall protective properties of the body.
Dangerous infectious diseases, such as aspergillosis, pasteurellosis, and tuberculosis, are severe in young stock, and can affect all livestock.
Attention! If you lose your appetite, lethargy or intestinal disorders, consult your veterinarian.
The main preventive measure to prevent the incidence isobservance of hygienic norms in poultry houses, Properly balanced feeding is also important, covering the daily needs of growing ducklings and ducks. For infectious diseases, the only prevention is timely vaccination.
Breeding of Peking breed ducks is a very profitable business, both in small households and in industrial farms.
The meat of this breed has a rich taste, and is considered dietary. Eggs are quite fatty and are used to make mayonnaise. The breed is not very whimsical in the content, and even without the experience and skills that often frightens off beginners, you can grow a healthy livestock.
It is enough to comply with the necessary requirements for care and success will not take long to wait. Breeding will be profitable in the presence of a natural reservoir, it significantly saves feed.
In farms, ducks are kept in specially equipped premises, with artificial lighting and an automatic feeder. For positive results, sanitary conditions are monitored and timely mass vaccination is carried out.
Conditions of detention and cultivation
Peking duck rearing, both in industrial and in home farms, is quite simple and profitable a business. Knowing the main nuances and observing content requirements and feeding can be achieved in record time.
On an industrial basis the bird is found in specially equipped rooms. Poultry houses are equipped artificial lighting, heating, automatic feed and water. The microclimate is monitored and all sanitary and hygienic norms are observed.
In homestead farms for the Peking ducks they build poultry houses or adapt existing premises. The house should be made of bricks, without cracks and holes. If possible, the room is insulated, which reduces heating costs in the winter. Heat should not go through the roof or floor, if the windows are old, they must be sealed. No rooms with earthen or wooden floors are allowed. Floors are made of concrete. Good floor not only will keep heat, but also will not allow penetration into the shed of rats that are capable of causing irreparable harm to the bird.
Peking ducks in the yard
Laz is made in the south side, the hole should be well closed by a door and is 5–8 cm in height from the floor. The manhole height is 30–40 cm and the width is 40 cm. high productivity birds need normal lighting. Artificial lighting is set at the rate of 1 square meter of floor 5 watts. Reflectors are hung on the bulbs. Concerning natural lightingthen on 1 square. m floor should go 100 cm2 windows. In winter, due to lack of light, egg production is reduced, so the daylight hours are extended to 12 hours a day due to artificial lighting.
In each house must be nestsThey are made of plywood or tesa. Normal socket options: 40x50, height 50 cm. When entering the nest, a threshold of 8-10 cm is made. Nests are placed along the side walls of the house in dark places so that other birds do not disturb the duck.
Feeders are made of wood, the thickness of which is 2-2.5 cm. Since birds often scatter feed, a plank is attached on top so that the duck cannot climb inside. Length of adult bird feeders - 110 cm, and for young stock 100. Width for adults 23 cm, for young stock 14.5 cm. Troughs are made with several compartments, so that you can give out mineral feed. Vacuum drinkers are recommended for both young and adult individuals.
In summer, Peking duck is advisable. keep on the runs and drive into the room only at night. On runs, as in the house, set feedersand if there is no access to the reservoir, then drinking bowls. Summer maintenance can reduce the cost of funds due to grass and reduce labor costs per unit of production.
In the house no drafts allowed. In winter, the temperature should not fall below 5 ° C. Optimal temperature in the house 16 ° С, with a humidity of 60-70%. Due to the down coat, ducks tolerate frosts and retain heat through their own bodies. Low temperatures are poorly tolerated if the bird has a dirty plumage. The cleanliness of the ducks is directly dependent on the condition of the house, which must be cleaned and ventilated regularly. As deep litterand use sawdust, straw, shavings and flax. Deep bedding maintains a normal climate in the house, absorbs moisture and produces heat, due to the decomposition of organic matter. 20 kg of bedding is used per year. Accommodation rate on 1 square. m: 2-3 adults or 6-8 heads of young animals.
In addition to the floor content of the Peking ducks can be grown in cages. Cells are placed in the house in several tiers, the floor is made of slats or grid so that the legs of the birds do not fall through the holes. With this content, ducks eat well, move a little and grow quickly, which makes it possible to get profit much faster.
Live weight drake - 3.6-4.2 kg ducks - 3.4-3.9 kg. At 2 months of age, young animals weigh 2.2-2.6 kg. Ducks start laying eggs at 23 weeks, egg-laying time 42 days, hatchability - 85-88%. Egg production - 100-140 eggs per year. Eggs large - 85-90 g. Shell thickness - 0.38 mm. High egg production lasts for 2-3 years. Daily feed intake per 1 head - 340 g. Slaughter yield - 67%. Body temperature 42.2 ° С, ducks breathe with a frequency of 30-34 respiratory movements per minute. 5 ducks are attached to 1 drake, i.e. family consists of 6 individuals.
Cultivation and feeding
When feeding a Peking duck, it is necessary to take into account the structural features of this breed. Peking ducks have accelerated metabolism. The small intestine promotes the rapid absorption of food (4 hours). Given these nuances, the bird must be constantly provided with food, which, in turn, contributes to the rapid weight gain.
Peking ducks good grow on ground feed and feed. The ratio of feed to water 1k4. One adult per day has an average of 1 liter of water. Birds are sensitive to feed changes and feeding disturbances.
Feeding occurs 3 times a day. In the morning and in the afternoon wet food is given, and in the evening, cereals, in accordance with the norms and rations of feeding. Mixes prepared immediately before feeding and given fresh, in no case can not be fed soured foods. During the feeding period the bird must be free. access to water. On average, a duck per day should get 80 g of oats, 75 g of barley, 60 g of bran, 40 g of fodder beet, 15 g of lentils or peas, 40 g of greenery, 11 g of animal feed, 4 g of bone meal, 9 g of chalk and 1 Mr. salt.
Peking Duck Chicks
Feeding the chicks begins after the plumage has dried. In the early days give the crushed boiled egg, it is possible with the addition of cottage cheese. After a few days in the diet is introduced starter feed and finely chopped greens. Feed the kids need at least 5 times a day. Milled egg shells will be suitable as a mineral feed. Youngsters should be provided with vitamin supplements.
Diseases and care
Despite the fact that Peking ducks belong to resistant species of birds, they are still subject to some diseases.
White Peking Ducks
With avitaminosis birds become sluggish, appetite disappears, movement coordination is disturbed, growth slows down, wings sag, eyes become inflamed, convulsions appear and fluid is released from the nostrils. Lack of vitamin D can lead to rickets. A balanced diet is the only way to fight against avitaminosis and if a bird develops symptoms of a disease, then there is a lack of any element in the feed.
The cause of the disease can be sticky foodswallowing foreign objects or large food. If the bird does not immediately help, then the disease can go into the chronic stage and the goiter will stop shrinking. When a goiter is blocked, you should try to clean it yourself, holding the duck by its feet with its head upside down. If the problem is serious, it is strongly recommended to call the vetwho will conduct an autopsy goiter.
Infection, leading to lethargy, reduced egg production, poor appetite and blood frothy stools. Transmitted through food and feeding supplies. The first diseased individual must be isolated from the common herd. To prevent coccidiosis, coccidin and sulfadimezin are added to the water. Infected poultry house disinfect with 3% formalin solution and a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Peking ducks in the yard
This disease most often affects ducklings and can lead to a large young fall. With aspergillosis, ducks breathe heavily, wheezing appears, fluid is released from the beak, birds convulsively swallow air, appetite decreases, growth slows down, paralysis of legs or wings is possible. To eliminate the disease, all remnants of food and litter are thrown away, equipment and house are disinfected. Added to feed nystatin0.05% solution in water copper sulphate.
Pasteurlosis or cholera
This disease, although infrequent, is very serious. It is transmitted through the air, feed and inventory. With cholera in ducks, apathy sets in, body temperature rises, thirst appears and appetite disappears, frothy discharges from the nose, and loose stools with blood. Infected birds are killed, their place of residence is disinfected. Healthy but contacting birds with infected individuals, biomitsin is injected, and sulfadimine is given.
Advantages and disadvantages of the Peking duck breed
- Good adapt to cold weather.
- Differ high early maturity.
- Unpretentious in feeding.
- With the content there is no urgent need for reservoirs.
- Ducks are not prone to brooding.
- Get sick and fall to their feet in the damp.
Peking duck - This is one of the best and unpretentious meat breeds. It has a high productivity and good meat qualities. Ideal for industrial and domestic breeding, and due to precocity, the period of profit is reduced several times compared with other breeds.
Peking duck breed
Peking duck is the best option if you want to breed beef. Gutted carcass weighs 2-2.5 kg. Young meat is very tasty and not tough. The normal percentage of fat, it is just a little and, at the same time, the meat is not dry. It is better to grow in the incubator, because there is little sense from the hen. Of the 10 eggs on average, 8 healthy and viable chicks hatch. AT feed peking ducks It should not be limited, but there is no need to give a lot of food either, since they like to scatter it. Water should be constantly, and if there is an opportunity, it is better to release to the reservoir. If you breed for yourself, then by the autumn you can get a full-fledged duck, ready for slaughter.
White beautiful Peking ducks have become a favorite breed of many farmers. They do not require special costs for keeping and feeding. Ducks give a year 120 eggsthat are perfectly incubated. They grow very fast and in 2 months weight of ducks already reaches 3 kg. Food is consumed moderately, and if you buy modern feeders, then its consumption will be much reduced. Birds are well tolerated low temperatures, and in a warmed poultry house it is necessary to heat only during severe frosts. In general, it is very beneficial to grow Peking ducks, and most importantly, quickly and with minimal expenditure of money and care.
Peculiarities of keeping and breeding Peking ducks
Intensive fattening allows you to get excellent meat products within 60 days after the ducklings are born. However, when breeding Peking ducks at home, slaughter is performed somewhat later. Experienced poultry farmers advise not to overdo it. There are several reasons for this. After 70 days of life, ducks begin to molt, that:
- slows their growth
- dramatically increases feed consumption,
- complicates the removal of plumage from carcasses after slaughter.
And with the wrong diet, these birds can gain not muscle mass, but fat. As a result, the economic benefit of keeping Peking ducks is markedly reduced.
Among the features about which you need to know the poultry farmer, who is going to engage in the breeding of birds of this productive meat breed, increased nervousness and duct excitability. In addition, they are not very good chickens, so the eggs "Peking" enclose under the hens of other breeds or lay in the incubators.
Those who have had experience of holding indoutok, representatives of the Peking breed seem to be great lovers of swimming, but they do not differ in cleanliness.
Breeding ducks at home
What features of the content is still? How to care for ducks of Peking breed in a private compound?
For beginners, domestic breeding of Peking ducks is associated with the acquisition of daily young stock and the arrangement of the future residence of the livestock. It is better if the chicks support and care for the hen. This removes a lot of problems from the poultry farmer. If this is not possible, ducklings are settled in a room where the temperature should be maintained at 28–30 ° C. Heating inside the brooder is supported by special lamps, heating pads or other methods safe for the bird. During the first two weeks of life, the temperature in the house is gradually brought to normal, room temperature, and the need for additional heating is eliminated.
In order for fast-growing chicks to not feel constrained, you should not settle more than 15 ducklings per square meter. At the same time, the poultry farmer needs to constantly monitor the sanitary condition of the room, the level of humidity, light and ventilation, as well as the appearance of the bird. Ducklings with signs of ill health, lethargic, refusing to eat or disheveled, should be immediately sown from the rest of the herd.
Attention to feeding Peking ducks from the first hours of life should be maximal. The first meal is waiting for the kids when they dry out a bit.
At this time, the ducklings are fed with wet finely ground grain mash, porridges, low-fat cottage cheese. The bird is given fermented milk products, chopped hard-boiled egg. A few days later in the diet of Peking ducks include juicy greens. It may be:
- ошпаренная крапива,
- green peas.
Ducks are very fond of cabbage leaves, carrot tops. To ensure the nutritional value of food in the feed, you can add a little boiled crushed potatoes.
And to meet the need for minerals, ducklings are offered:
- a piece of chalk,
- sifted wood ash,
- crushed shell.
Slightly on the menu include table salt, shell, and gravel. Up to one and a half weeks, ducklings are fed six times a day, flavoring the mash with sour milk, fish or meat broth. Gradually, the number of feedings is reduced to four. And from one month of age, the bird is released to a safe reservoir, where Peking ducks not only swim with pleasure, but also perfectly feed food in the form of aquatic vegetation, small crustaceans and insects, mollusks and worms, as well as juvenile local fish.
Despite the naturally high growth rate, Peking ducks, like other related waterfowl, have rather short intestines. This speeds up the passage of food and determines the high intensity of metabolism. In order for the bird to consistently gain weight, it must be fed often and satisfyingly.
Digestion of grain feed lasts about four hours, and wet mixes are processed in just three. To get good quality meat, it is important to provide balanced feed, rich in both carbohydrates to maintain the body's energy supply, and proteins for building muscle. Here fish and meat meal are indispensable, and if possible, ducks give minced fish, ground meat and heat treated meat products.
The composition of the diet also include mineral supplements that are responsible for the replenishment of the body with trace elements, and especially calcium, as well as vitamins.
These include crushed shell and chalk. To improve the digestion of roughage, fine gravel is poured into individual feeders. We must not forget about the needs of birds in clean drinking water.
For bathing birds near the house, install tanks with water separately or give the herd access to a reservoir with a safe descent.
Ducks love green succulent plants. Aquatic vegetation and garden crops are introduced into the summer menu. When breeding Peking ducks at home, you can use boiled potatoes, sugar beets, carrots, and other root vegetables. They give soaked bread to the bird and add yeast rich in vitamins of group B.
Having a reservoir nearby when breeding Peking ducks helps save a significant amount of feed. However, it is not possible to completely disclaim responsibility for feeding the poultry farmer. Only when the rules for keeping and caring for the bird are observed, Peking ducks show truly outstanding results and give the meat carcass of good fatness and quality.
Peking duck breed: history
The appearance of this breed occurred three centuries ago. in Pekin. After launching, she quickly became popular in China, and after a while, she was recognized around the world. First, Peking ducks came to America, and a little later spread throughout the European continent. At the moment, in Russia, the content in the private courtyard of these birds is quite common. Many poultry farms are engaged in their cultivation. The main advantage of the breed is that it grows quite quickly, while it does not require special care. It is this bird that is used today as the basis for breeding new ducks.
Characteristics and description of the Peking duck
A characteristic feature of these birds is the powerful addition of the body with a wide chest and back. The bird has a well developed head. You can learn it by a convex flat forehead, which has a bright orange shade and is large in size. The wings of the Peking ducks, tightly fitting to the body, are distinguished by their power and large scale. The tail is small in size, gracefully raised up. The duck has low legs, on which it stands thoroughly. The neck is curved and has a small length. Peking ducks characteristic high plumage density. Most often, you can meet individuals with white plumage. A bird with a cream colored plumage is less common.
Peking ducks: female and drake
Ducks can reach a weight of 3.5 kg. If we talk about the drakes of this breed, the largest individuals have a mass of up to 4 kg. Each egg weighs an average of 90 grams. Egg production rates for ducks of this species are at the level of 120 eggs per year.
Already at the age of 1.5 months the birds have a weight of 3 kg. Their meat is highly nutritious, soft and very juicy. In addition to this, it is dietary, because it contains a small amount of fat.
The merits of the Peking ducks
Like any bird species, this breed has certain advantages. Among the most significant are the following:
- tolerates both cold and hot climate conditions,
- undemanding to feed,
- grow fast
- do not require a reservoir.
Productive qualities of the Peking ducks
Many experts confidently say that breeding these birds at home is a cost-effective occupation. Pretty fast weight of individuals passes for a mark of 3 kg. However, a large weight gain is provided if the owner does not save on the stern and gives it to the ducks in sufficient quantity. It is advisable to breed Peking ducks only in order to get meat. Many eggs do not get from them. Within one year, they bring 120 eggs. The average egg weight is 90 g. This is reported in the description of this breed. Due to its characteristics, it has become popular among many poultry farmers, who speak positively about the breeding of this bird.
Content and feeding
Peking ducks are distinguished from other bird species at a rapid growth rate. Therefore, if they are turned on to get high-quality meat, then the individuals are kept only until their molting. Thus, the slaughter is carried out already in the second month of duck life. When the birds start molting period, growth slows down, and feed costs increase. Therefore, their further content is devoid of any meaning.
By slaughtering a bird in the second month of life, the farmer receives meat that is distinguished by its high taste. After molting, ducks begin active development and growth of internal organs, as well as new feathers. This leads to meat taste is noticeably worse, while the process of its processing becomes more complex. Many poultry farmers are mainly focused on these moments, making the decision to kill the bird.
In order to properly grow this breed, it is necessary to know some of the points that arise during their maintenance and feeding. Peking ducks differ from other birds in that they have fast metabolism. At the same time, the size of their intestines is small. Therefore, the assimilation of food eaten quickly. Usually the food that the bird ate, its body absorbed within 4 hours. For this reason, when keeping this breed of birds in its compound, it is necessary to ensure the constant availability of food. Frequent consumption of feed mixtures and due to the fact that when breeding Peking ducks, they quickly gain weight.
In order to achieve good results in their cultivation, it is necessary not only to comply basic feeding rules, but also to know a number of features that will ensure proper nutrition of individuals of this breed. This bird belongs to the meat group, which determines the composition of the feed, which they must give the owner. Birds need fodder mixtures, which include proteins as the predominant nutrient. If the indicator of protein food in the feed decreases, then it affects the weight of the bird, which decreases. As a result, low productivity arises when breeding this breed.
Speaking about the Peking ducks, it should be noted that these the birds are completely omnivorous. They have a very good appetite, while they are able to eat any food. You can keep them not only on the plant, but also on the stern of animal origin. At the same time, it is necessary to pay attention not only to quality, but also to its quantity.
Poultry feed mixture should receive in the amount not below the norm. This breed is very sensitive to changes in feeding mode. If even a minimal deviation occurs, the bird's weight decreases and an unplanned molt occurs.
These birds have one peculiarity: individuals have an easily excitable nervous system. This is the reason for the frequent screams that the bird makes. Poultry breeders who breed at home complain about this moment. In order for the birds not to rustle too often, it is necessary to create comfortable conditions for them.
They should be in a relaxed atmosphere. Extraneous noise in the exercise yard should be. Also, there should be no other stimuli that can provoke a bird to cry. If your main goal in breeding this breed is to get large individuals, then you can achieve this without any problems. The main thing is to provide comfortable living conditions for your bird.
Peking duck breeding
Young Peking ducks have good staminatherefore, the breeding of this bird at home has become popular among farmers, as well as owners of private households. Juveniles have a higher survival rate compared to chickens, goslings. If you plan to start breeding this bird in the near future without using a hen, then you need to think in advance about artificial heating, as overcooling affects the condition of the young in a negative way. The optimum temperature for them is 30 C.
In order for the ducklings to be comfortable, you must install the box in which they fit. In the same place the usual hot-water bottle is placed. It can be wrapped in soft fabric. Electric lamps can be used as a source of heating. In the first weeks of life for ducklings, it is necessary to ensure optimal conditions of detention. Then you can refuse to heat the birds and keep them at room temperature.
For the cultivation of Peking ducks in the home enough for the usual house of simple design. Being engaged in its creation, the most important thing is to think about good ventilation, as well as to create conditions for cleanliness and dryness. In the room where ducks are kept, must be present warm floor and laz. The latter should be located on the south side. The occurrence of colds in individuals of this breed occurs for the following reasons:
Colds can lead to the death of ducklings. Before placing the ducks in the house, it is necessary to lay the floor with a dry bedding. Also should observe the rules of placement of birds. On the area of 1 sq. M should live no more than 12 ducks.
Birds of this breed, which are provided with the right conditions of detention, demonstrate high mobilityand also have a good appetite. Their plumage is uniform and smooth. If a bird has a fever, then it negatively affects its condition. She becomes lethargic. Its plumage gets disheveled appearance. The bird refuses to eat, drinks a large amount of water, and practically does not move. In that case, if the ducklings are cold, then they begin to constantly squeak, while in order to warm up, they gather in a handful and become clogged in the corners. Cold for young individuals is destructive. Trying to warm up, ducklings can overwhelm each other.
In order for the weight gain of the birds to be good, it is necessary to provide them with food in which the whole complex of nutrients must be present. Grown up youngsters can be given boiled egg, porridge, cottage cheese or crushed grain. Also, in the diet of poultry in sufficient quantity must be present and greens. You can add nettle, clover, dandelions to the feed mixture.
The bird must be given and mineral and vitamin supplements. If you correctly approach the task of selecting a diet for ducklings, then observing the feeding regime will ensure their rapid development. In just a few months they will gain an impressive mass. If it’s right to breed, feed and maintain this breed of poultry, in a couple of months you can get meat with excellent taste to your table.
Owners of private households often keep poultry in the compound. Quite a few people breed chickens. They are kept by those people who want to have fresh eggs of high quality on their table. To always have dietary meat with excellent taste in the table, it is worth making a choice not in favor of chickens, but Peking ducks. This breed has a high growth rate. Already in the second month of life, the weight of individuals is 3 kg. It is at this age that the ducks are slaughtered.
Many people who want to consume high quality meat, they decide to breed Peking ducks. This choice is quite reasonable, because these birds quickly gain weight, while the food and conditions of detention are not demanding. If the Peking duck was chosen, breeding at home this bird will not bring a host of great difficulties. Individuals can be kept in the house of a standard design. Drafts in it must be absent, otherwise it will lead to the death of the bird.
When breeding these birds at home, it should be remembered that protein food should prevail in the feed mixture. Pay attention to the amount of feed. If it becomes less, it will lead to a decrease in the weight of the bird.
Peking Duck Breeding
For breeding ducks, you can build a special room or use existing ones. The house must meet the main requirements of livestock and zoohygiene:
- be dry and light
- be clean
- have good ventilation.
As already mentioned, the Peking duck is not very demanding in conditions of detention.
Peking ducks of the Beijing breed are yellow, the beak and head are red. Buy young possible by price from 70 rubles apiece. To do this, you can contact the farm or find ads for the sale of ducklings. The larger the purchased batch will be, the cheaper it will cost each duckling.
At the same time, if you are just starting your own business, it is not at all necessary to spend money on the purchase of a large herd. Subsequently, when the bird grows, you can breed it yourself.
Feeding and maintenance of Peking ducks after hatching
As feed for ducklings can be used:
- hard-boiled and finely chopped eggs,
- cottage cheese,
- crushed grain (except rye),
- crumbly cereal,
- boiled potatoes,
- greens: clover, nettle, alfalfa, dandelion,
- mineral dressing - eggshell, ash, limestone.
Availability mineral dressing and greenery is required. If near the house you have water with dense vegetation, you need to use it as pasture for duck stock. This way you can cut the cost of feeding the Peking ducks twice.
To ensure the ducklings have enough water, it is best to use automatic drinker. Young animals will not be able to overturn it, while the water in it will remain clean and fresh for a long time.
Breeding duck mollardov at home no less popular than the content of Peking. This is the main meat breed, bringing a good income.
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Features of growing ducklings
On one square meter house can accommodate 10-15 ducklings. If you grow them without a hen, you will need artificial heating with temperature 28-30 ° C. To ensure rapid growth and to avoid disease or death of young animals, this issue should be given special attention. Especially dangerous sudden changes in temperature at night.
Heating can be arranged using a conventional water-filled heating pad or installing a light bulb. He will be needed only in the first two weeks of life of the ducklings - after this period, you can keep them at room temperature.
What to feed Peking ducks at home?
As feed for Peking duck you can use:
- cereal - wheat, corn, oats, barley, legumes,
- agricultural production waste - cake, bran, bard,
- herbs - aquatic vegetation, clover, alfalfa, young nettles, peas, silage,
- vegetables and root vegetables - grated carrots, cabbage, boiled potatoes,
- animal feed - dairy products, meat and bone and fish meal,
- mineral dressing - egg shells, chalk, table salt, coarse sand.
For an adult bird, the feed used for chickens is suitable, but there are some nuances in the organization of its food. Need to pay special attention protein food - It is she who provides quick weight gain.
Peking duck - meat breed, and the rate of weight gain is of great importance. If there is not enough protein, the profitability of the whole enterprise will drop significantly.
2 weeks before slaughter Duck must be transferred to a diet with a maximum protein content, it will help her gain maximum weight. Also at this time, the bird should be given peas and boiled potatoes, but fish and fish meal should be excluded.
By age 50 days the mass of ducklings increases 50 times - they weigh already 2.5-3 kg. Their meat is tender, juicy and at the same time less fatty than the meat of more adult ducks. Over two months to keep the bird unprofitable.
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Чтобы иметь возможность сбывать продукцию, понадобится оформить документы. As a legal form, it is better to choose not IP or LLC, but LPH - personal household farming.
You also need to get veterinary permits. When you slaughter a bird, you need:
- warn the vet about the planned slaughter,
- obtain from him a certificate of pre-slaughter inspection,
- after slaughter, get a certificate stating that it was conducted in compliance with all norms.
After slaughter is necessary:
- issue a veterinary certificate number 2,
- put a stamp on meat
- get permission to trade - in the event that the meat will be sold on the market.
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Peking Duck Costs
The main expenses for the organization of the duck farm:
- poultry house preparation
- purchase of feed,
- purchase of duck livestock.
After the house has been built and the initial population of ducklings is purchased, about 100 rubles will be spent on growing one bird. Of these, 80 rubles make up the cost of food and another 20 rubles - additional costs.
In this way, to grow 250 ducks, it will take 25 thousand rubles. If you want to organize a small farm on a personal plot and grow, for example, 50 birds, 5 thousand rubles will be enough for you. However, the income in this case will be small.
Gains from growing Peking ducks
If you manage to sell products at a price of 200 rubles / kg, it turns out that you earned 400 rubles from each carcass, since one duck gives an average of 2 kg of meat. The revenue from the livestock of 250 birds will be 100 thousand rubles, and the net profit - 75 thousand.
Normal profitability for duck farm - 70%, payback period - 12-16 months.
Thus, if you firmly intend to arrange a farm on a personal plot, then Peking ducks will be an excellent choice. First you need to buy a starting livestock and build a house. After that, you will only need to spend money on feed and other related expenses; you can breed the bird yourself.