Falcon birds


Total found: 19

hawk of the falcon family

hawk of the falcon family

falcon bird of prey, trap bird

falcon family of prey

a large mountain bird of prey of the falcon family, with bristly feathers under its beak

hawk of the falcon family

(karanho) (Polyborus brasiliensis) is a bird of prey from the group of griffon falcons of the falcon family

hawk of the falcon family

(Caracara) (Polyborus brasiliensis) is a bird of prey from the group of griffon falcons of the falcon family

small bird of prey of the falcon family

hawk of the falcon family

large bird of the order of birds of prey, family falcon


hawk of the falcon family

hawk of the falcon family

falcon bird of prey

(zoology) a small bird of prey from the family of falcons, feeding mainly on larvae of wasps and bumblebees

hawk of the falcon family

falconry bird of prey, unsuitable for falconry

hawk of the falcon family

hawk of the falcon family

hawk of the falcon family

hawk of the falcon family

small bird of prey of the falcon family

a small bird of prey from the falcon family

hawk of the falcon family

hawk of the falcon family with a short hooked beak and long sharp claws

Background information about the animals of the species - birds, family - falcon: habitat, size, appearance of animals

Migratory view. It nests in the Far East: in the northeast of China, in the east of Mongolia, in North Korea. In Russia - in Transbaikalia, Amur and Primorye.

The Saker Falcon is spread across the mountains in the south of Siberia, in Cisbaikalia, up to the 55th parallel, in the Transbaikalia along the Selinga steppe, throughout the territory of Kazakhstan

It lives in Australia and New Guinea.

Distributed in Central and South America from northern Mexico in the north to Argentina in the south, as well as on the island of Trinidad.

The passerine kestrel is widespread in North, Central and South America, including the islands of the Caribbean, from Canada in the north to the Falkland Islands in the south. Birds of Canada and the northern part of the United States migratory, most of the range - sedentary.

The inhabitants of the open spaces of southern South America: alpine meadows and foothills of the Andes, Patagonia, the Falkland Islands and Tierra del Fuego.

In continental Eurasia nests to the east of Scandinavia, Latvia and Belarus

Sedentary birds of tropical forests of Southeast Asia.

Migrant. It nests in the forest-steppes of Eurasia from Eastern Europe and the Balkans in the west to the Vilyui basin, the upper Lena stream and the Baikal coast in the east.

East and South Africa

It inhabits open forests in the foothills of the Himalayas, but is also found along the edges of the forest, on agricultural plantations, often kept close to rivers and streams on the plains at an altitude of 900 m above sea level. It prefers to settle in sparse forests or light forests with a large number of dry trees, near fields or meadows. It lives in India (the Himalayan foothills, at an altitude below 650 m to 2000 m above sea level), in Nepal (at an altitude below 915 m), Bhutan (at an altitude below 760 m), Myanmar (Burma) - there it is called Microhierax burmanicus, in Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam (under the same name).

The Arctic and subarctic zones of Europe, Asia and North America, a separate subspecies is found in Altai, Sayan, central (probably eastern) Tien Shan. The northernmost points - in Greenland under 82 ° 15 's. sh. and 83 ° 45 ', the most southern, except for the mountain-Asian subspecies - the middle Scandinavia, Commander Islands (Bering Island, about 55 ° N lat.). On migrations in the cold season to about 60 ° c. sh. all in. America, Asia, Europe, individuals and south

Himango inhabit the southern part of South America to Bolivia in the north. Himahima - South America from northern Argentina in the south, and the southern part of Central America.

Lives in Madagascar and Mayotte, as well as the Aldabra Atoll

The genus includes two species. One is common in the sparsely forested spaces of Southeast Asia, the other in the semi-deserts and savannas of the northeast and south-west of Africa.

It inhabits prairies, semi-deserts and deserts in the USA, in the north of Mexico and in the south of Canada. Nesting birds in the northern areas of the migratory range, in the south - sedentary.

The beginning of breeding in November (Argentina) and in January-February in the north (Florida).

A typical example of the spread of the kestrel in the Old World is its discovery in Europe, Asia and Africa, where it populated almost all the climatic zones of Paleofaunistics, Ethiopia and the East. Kestrel is more common in the plains.

There are more than ten species, of which two species live in Russia: the common kestrel and the steppe kestrel

Sapsan is a cosmopolitan - it is widespread on all continents (except for Antarctica), as well as on many islands. Being unpretentious to the habitat, it easily gets on like in the cold climate of the arctic tundra, reaching 70 °. sh. in Greenland and 78 ° c. sh. on Novaya Zemlya and in the hot tropics of Africa and Southeast Asia

Inhabits Australia, Christmas Island, New Guinea, New Zealand, New Caledonia.

The Seychelles kestrel lives exclusively on the Seychelles archipelago, without making migrations.

Migrant. It nests in the desert regions of northeast Africa, the Middle East, the Arabian Peninsula, and the coastal regions of Pakistan. Winters in Madagascar and the coast of Mozambique.

Osprey is common throughout the world, breeding or wintering on all continents except Antarctica. There is no data on whether they breed in South America or Indo-Malaysia, but sometimes they are met there in winter.

The vast area covers Central and South America from northern Argentina in the south to southern Mexico in the north. It dwells on edges, glades and glades of tropical forests.

Distributed in Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, in Asia Minor, Italy and the Balkan Peninsula. It dwells mainly in open spaces of stony deserts and semi-deserts, less often on rocky coasts.

Breeds in North-West Africa and the strip of steppes and semi-deserts of Eurasia from the Iberian Peninsula to the east to Mongolia and northern China. It winters in sub-Saharan Africa. A flock of birds, rarely found in single pairs.

Inhabits the steppe, semi-desert of India and the savannah of Africa.

In Eurasia, it is distributed along the whole length from west to east, rising northward in Scandinavia to 61 ° C. sh., in Finland and Russia to the east to the Yenisei to 66-67 ° c. sh., east of the Yenisei to 67-68 ° c. sh., reaching the northeastern boundary of the Kolyma Highlands. To the south it is found up to the Mediterranean coast, Asia Minor, the mountainous regions of Iran and northern Afghanistan, the southern Himalayas, the north of Laos and Vietnam. Outside the mainland, it is found on the islands of the Mediterranean, the British, Solovki, southern Kuril, Japan (Hokkaido and Honshu) islands and on Sakhalin. In Africa, nests in the northwest of the continent from Morocco to Tunisia.

Migrant. Breeds on the islands of the Mediterranean: in Greece (more than 2/3 of the population), Croatia, Cyprus, Sardinia, Sicily, Malta, the Balearic Islands, as well as on the coast of Algeria and Tunisia. Part of the population nests on the Atlantic coast of Morocco and the Canaries. They hibernate in Madagascar (where the silver hoch often similar in color also hibernates) and the Comoros, and also, possibly, in southeastern Africa.

Distributed in deserts and dry foothills (up to 1500 m) of North Africa, the Middle East, the Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India (Kashmir), countries of Central Asia, in the mountains and foothills of the south and south-east of Kazakhstan from Talasskoho Alatau to Tarbagata or even Southern Altai

The South Mexican falcon is widespread in the meadows, savannas and marshes from the south of the United States in the north to Argentina in the south.

Different species and families of animals inhabit our planet. If you want to learn more about them, we suggest you use our directory of wild animals of the world. In this section of the site we have collected a description and photographs of animals that belong to the species of bird of the falcon family. Thanks to the reference book, you will be better acquainted with the world of wild animals, and from the pictures you will learn how different birds of the falcon family look like.

General information: description, anatomy, interesting facts

This is a wild and dangerous bird. It belongs to the falcon family (lat. Falconidae), the genus "falcons". It is found all over the world, not counting Antarctica. Prefers to settle on hills: trees, rocks, buildings. Less often builds nests on the ground.

Members of the falcon family are predators. Anatomical features: 2 narrow wedge-shaped wings and a powerful beak, make them excellent hunters. Birds maneuver perfectly at high speed.

Falcon is considered one of the smartest birds, thanks to the keenness shown in the production of food. They occupy the fifth line of the ranking, immediately after the crows, parrots, owls and turkeys.

Protection of falcons - an important task of mankind. These birds play a huge role in the ecosystem. But, because of their unusual nature, they are constantly subjected to poaching attacks, which leads to their extermination.

Lifestyle, character, habits

Falcon lifestyle obeys its hunting habits. Habitat - the sky and inaccessible places where birds make a nest. They hunt in the morning and at night.

Some falcons make a show out of the hunt. They play with food, showing their "I." It is interesting to watch such performances: the birds hang over prey, they miss the mark, giving the victim false hope.

Usually, in the process of hunting, the falcon, having found the prey, beats it with its paws. Such a blow is fatal. Often the victim does not even have time to realize what is happening.

Falcons are not afraid of people, but they do not aspire to friendship. Never eat carrion. Owners are by nature, do not share what they consider to be their: habitat, female, food, nest.

Interestingly, only young falcons migrate. Older individuals prefer to spend the winter on their homeland. Therefore, to call them migratory birds can only partly. Their average lifespan is 15-16 years. Some live to 25 years.

The diet of feathered hunters

Falcon eats any warm-blooded. The main condition is the small size of the prey. The diet of the bird is usually:

It can eat fish, if there is no other living creatures. Of the birds, the real falcon prefers to feast on swifts and swallows. Interestingly, with age, winged hunters require less food.

These features must be considered to understand how, what and when to feed a domestic falcon. Newborn chicks are fed 5 times a day, grown-up birds 3-4 times a day. An adult eats twice: in the morning and in the evening.

Maturation, reproduction, feeding

Puberty falcons begin at 12 months. But couples form only by three years. Sometimes feminine birds are called falcones. More often simply - female falcon.

Winged hunters breed once a year. The mating season is in spring or early summer. The laying does not exceed four eggs, both parents incubate them. Chicks are born a month later.

Falcons feed babies up to 1.5 months. While the male produces food, the female ensures that the nest is kept warm. Parents feed babies together, tearing food into small pieces.

The wingspan of young individuals looks larger due to long wing feathers. Such a device allows the chicks to quickly master the technique of flight, but reduces hunting skills.

Types and their features

The largest falcons are Krechety. When opened, the wings reach 160 cm. These are white birds with small specks on the feathers. In Russia, the species is found in the territories of Kamchatka, Chukotka, and the Bering Sea. Got names because of the sounds being played.

This is one of the few species used for falconry. Catching birds trades poachers: to sell an individual abroad. Hunting habits are similar to a peregrine falcon.

Sapsan is the most common type of falcon in Russia. Do not leave their homes, leading a sedentary lifestyle. Formed pairs are stable. During the hunt, the bird dives at a record speed: 322 km / h. Overtaking the victim, strikes with bent paws.

Sapsans live all over Russia, not counting Antarctica. Hunting, they rise to a height of 4,000 m. In order for the falcon pair to feel comfortable, they need up to 10 km2 of their own space. They do not like places where it is not possible to arrange an “observation post”.

The hoblock is a beautiful small bird. Gray feathers on the back. The breast, cheeks and abdomen are white, with dark specks, the head is dark. In flight, its wingspan reaches 84 cm. On the territory of Russia, the species settles in the areas of the Kola Peninsula and the Kolyma Highlands. Cheglocks - migratory species. In the winter are sent to Africa and tropical areas of Asia.

Birds are common outside of Russia:

  • on the islands of the Mediterranean,
  • in England,
  • in the north of Africa,
  • in Asia,
  • in the Japanese archipelago.

Merlin is one of the smallest falcons, the wingspan does not exceed 73 cm. In flight it looks like a swallow. Small birds are extremely maneuverable. In Russia, they are found everywhere except in the cold regions of the country.

Unlike big brothers, derbnik eats not only rodents, but also lizards or large insects. The species is also common abroad: Iceland, British Isles, America. Birds winter in Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Africa, Afghanistan, Asia.

Kestrel ordinary

Particularly interesting is the type of falcons - common kestrel. The peculiarity of the bird is that when hunting, it is able to hang in a fixed state. These are small individuals with a wingspan of 65-82 cm. They are not shy, easily get along with a person.

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Definition of the word kestrel in dictionaries

Wikipedia Word Meaning In Wikipedia Dictionary
Kestrel: Birds Kestrel - the name of several species of birds of the genus Falcon. Kestrel ships (galley, 1720) Kestrel (galley, 1729) Kestrel (galley, 1773)

Great Soviet Encyclopedia Meaning of word in dictionary of Big Soviet Encyclopedia
(Cerchneis tinnunculus), a bird of prey of the falcon family. The body length is 31≈38 cm, weighs 160≈240 g. Females are larger than males. The female has a back and tail red with dark transverse stripes, the male has a back with dark specks, the tail is gray with a dark top. Distributed.

Examples of the use of the word kestrel in the literature.

Black kestrelsitting on deer horns, shook her wings, snapped her crooked beak.

Black kestrel, sitting on the horns of a deer, flapped its wings, gnashed claws.

Another movement, hypnotizing, smooth, gentle, and black kestrelwith a twist of her head, she squealed loudly.

Knew that black was wet from the rain at the head of the bed kestrelholding a letter in a crooked beak.

There was a slight rustling in the air, as if from an angel's wings, a brown body flashed, a glittering eye, a light touch on the tips of my fingers — and kestrel flew away with a mouse.

Source: Maxim Moshkov Library