Exot was bred about 60 years ago as a result of the breeding of cats of such breeds as the American Shorthair and Persian. The purpose of crossing breeds was to improve the hair of the "Persians".
This is exactly what happened to the breed of cats “Exotic Shorthair”: thick-faced plush kitten with a funny face.
Exot - description and standard
An exotic cat has huge similarities with its ancestor (Persian), which is why this cat can be called Persian Exot. However, the exotic cat has significant differences from the Persian. So that you more clearly understand what the peculiarities of this breed are, we bring to your attention the breed standard. Based on this standard, you will understand what a cat looks like (how it differs from a Persian).
Here are the main signs of the breed, which can be seen in the photo:
- Head has an average size and round shape:
- eyes are large, set wide apart and very expressive,
- small ears ("look" down).
- Body medium-sized, strong school, musculature not protruding. If you look at the cat from the side, then its body resembles a square.
- Limbs medium (not long, but not short), quite strong, both fore and hind limbs.
- Tail small, proportional to the body of the animal.
- Wool short and soft as plush, there is an undercoat.
- Colors the breed was inherited from the Persians and can be completely different, both in one, two and three colors with spots (tabby, point) of different sizes.
Exotic cat has an average weight (4-7 kg) and size, as well as life expectancy (up to 15 years).
External features and character
The description of this breed, as well as its character, is perfectly presented "through the eyes of its owners and breeder" (whose reviews will not leave indifferent). Consider its main features and characteristics of character.
Exotic cats inherited almost nothing from their American ancestor and, oddly enough, in their character there are similarities with the second ancestor - the Persian. Their voice is quiet and calm, like they themselves, can be heard only by divided moments (when pussy wants something).
The expression of the muzzle of this "plush kitty" is unusually sweet, which makes exotic the favorite for children. Exotics are quiet and patient pets with a rather calm character. They are very intelligent, lively, active and not at all aggressive. These cats easily get along, both with children and with animals. There is no limit to their devotion they suffer from loneliness and love the attention to their person.
Exotics care is not as simple as we would like, but there are no particular difficulties. Features for their care are the same as that of the Persian. They are associated with the features of their health - some physiological deficiencies:
- Difficult breathing (due to flattened nose), which is sometimes accompanied by snoring,
- Deformation of the jaw (teeth)
- Teariness, due to which the eyes of the animal must be monitored daily.
Otherwise, these cats have quite good health, inherited from the second parent - "American."
- keep track of the claws, providing claw, do not forget to shear the tips of claws,
- comb the wool (once a week) and wash the cat once a season (three months), but more often during the molting period,
- after washing the cat's hair is desirable to dry, as the undercoat is rather thick and dries for a long time. If you do not help the cat to dry, it can catch a cold,
- Do not forget about the correctness of feeding (do not feed human food): balance and vitamins,
- It is necessary to periodically remove worms and fleas in the cat.
Try to give love to the exotic and give more attention, since this is the main condition for their longevity (they get depressed and die much loneliness much earlier).
Want to learn something about the breed, but be lazy to read, then watch this video clip:
Exotic colors with photos
There are a lot of colors of the breed, as there can be different combinations of colors and tabbies. We will show some of them (see photos).
- Red tabby - color with a bright red tinge on the back and less pronounced on the stomach.
- Marble is a color whose shades may be different (red with beige, gray with black), but the “pattern” has such “marble” lines. See photos
- Black color does not have any other shades.
- Blue is a color of a gray-blue shade.
- Turtle color is a combination of colors.
- White color - the perfection of whiteness is striking in its purity.
- Red color has a delicate shade of beige (cream).
Conclusions about the breed
How to describe the nature of this breed in a few words? Persian cat know? Not at all like! Exotic cat is more active and smarter, playful and more peaceful.
If to describe the temperament of the breed in one word, this word will be serenity!
Breeders and simply owners of an exotic shorthair cat note the special sociability of representatives of the breed. They are equally happy to communicate with the owner of the house and with small children. Exotics surrounded by their human flocks are calm and at home, and on long journeys.
Like all artificially bred breeds, an exotic cat has a number of hereditary diseases:
- deformation of teeth and jaws,
- chronic sinus disease,
- epiphora - increased tearing,
- hereditary kidney disease.
Reviews of owners of exotic shorthair cats
Lyudmila: “It looks like a bun, but not a toy! Different passions tell about this breed - and supposedly there are breathing problems due to the peculiar structure of the muzzle, and if they are allergenic, they constantly shed ... Well, I don’t know. Our scarf has no such problems! I admit that it was just that we were lucky with him. But not everything is so rosy - the character of Sharfi is not as soft as his plush coat.
He can scratch if he doesn’t like something, he can defiantly ignore. At the same time, he, like all the exotic ones, is rather a phlegmatic person. Choleric in it wakes up only at night! She doesn’t like children and caresses too much, but at the same time, Scarfik is very intelligent. ”
Irina: “Our cat is called Boniface, and simply Bonya and this cat are joy. He is very sensitive to the general atmosphere in the family, feels the mood of everyone. He does not like to sit on his knees, but at the same time he touches us with his foot. It wakes up in the morning and loves to play with water from the tap. Bönke is already 6 years old and for all this time they haven’t spoiled a single thing!
I noticed that my cat exot pretty touchy. They cannot be called vengeful, but they know how to be offended very effectively. I advise the owners of kittens to pay special attention to nutrition, because our kids are prone to obesity. "
Stepan: “Exotic cats have always been in our family, so I can consider myself a specialist in the breed. So, I recommend - fatties, but not fools! They are optimists, but not populists. The activity of exotic animals is average, they will not hang out on the curtains, and will intelligently play with the toy they have bought.
They will not go to strangers for anything in life, and they love their pack wholeheartedly. It's funny that innate intelligence is combined in them with terrible curiosity. And they are typical bastards and, on occasion, they should steal something. ”
Where to buy a kitten exotic?
How much does an exotic kitten cost in a particular nursery can be obtained directly from its vendors (nurseries or breeders), where you can buy them as broods appear. This breed is bred in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and many other countries. Here are the kennels where you can buy these cute kittens:
The cost of a kitten of this unusual exotic breed depends on some factors (pure breed, color, good breeding, accustomed to the toilet, to the stern). Exotic kittens are sold both in breeders and in professional nurseries, where the price is much higher. However, on average, the price of a kitten ranges from 7,000 to 50,000 rubles (1,500-10,000 hryvnia).
If you need a cat more, read about the Maine Coon cat.
Exotic Shorthair Cat
To see the magic power of breeding and genetics, just look at exotic shorthair cat. This unusual creature appeared in the world solely due to artificial breeding. Anyone who has ever seen exotic animals affectionately call them teddy bears. Their distinctive features are the doll's face, the endearing look of huge eyes, thick soft hair and golden character. These and other virtues very quickly allowed the exotic to take a place in the top ten most popular breeds in the world.
Description of an exotic cat
Standard breeds of exotic largely coincides with the Persian. The main exception is the characteristics of the coat. In addition, there are some other distinctive features.
Exotic Shorthair has a squat massive body. The size of cats can be from medium to large. The back is straight, the chest is as wide as the croup. A short straight tail is always proportional to the body and keeps below the back line.
On average, adult males of exotic animals can weigh up to 7-8 kg, females slightly less - up to 4-5 kg. The well-developed musculature of exotic plants is combined with moderate fat deposition.
The front and hind legs of medium length are straight. Limbs slightly shortened, thick and strong. The paw pads are large, rounded. The fingers are pressed close to each other, while their number is different on the limbs: on the front - five, on the back - only four.
Cat Exotic Shorthair stands out a massive round head that sits on a short and thick neck. The bones of the skull are wide, the chin is massive and well developed. Cheeks full round slightly down.
On the round face of the exotic, a wide, flat and noticeably upturned nose attracts the attention. Stop pronounced. Widely spaced ears have a low fit and do not distort the general rounded outlines of the head. Auricles are small and slightly bent forward. The tips of the ears are gently rounded. The round, very large eyes of an exotic Shorthair cat are widely set. The characteristic look of pets and the gleam in their eyes gives them a cute and even toy expression of their faces.
Exotic coat is an item of luxury and prestige. It is shorter than that of the Persians, but longer than that of the American and British representatives. On average, the main hair reaches a length of 2 cm and is combined with a thick undercoat. To the touch wool soft and thick, as if stuffed. It is these qualities that create the impression of plushness.
The colors of the representatives of the breed are very diverse. Currently there are more than one hundred shades. Exotic shorthair kitten may be born monochrome or multi-color. In the framework of the exotic breed of cats are allowed tabby, calico, point, bicolor and others.
Characteristic features of exotic shorthair
Inheritance from the Persians, the exotics got not only amazing eyes and pussiness, but also a wonderful character. Exotic Shorthair cat is calm, moderately playful, friendly, curious and unobtrusive. This combination makes it desirable in every home where cats love and appreciate.
Peaceful exotics can show signs of laziness and idleness in their behavior. They love quiet pastime on the host's lap or passive observation of moving objects. Kittens exotic shorthair cat show more mobility and love active fun. Having matured, their temperament becomes more balanced. But despite this, adult pets do not mind sometimes cheer up and play with a caught mouse or candy wrapper.
Exotics are very attached to a person and prefer loneliness to communicate with family members. But these cats never become obsessive and annoying. They will calmly wait for the person to pay attention to them and agree to caress. The tagging on the heels of the owner alternates with a long sleep somewhere in a secluded place of the apartment.
Exotic Shorthair is ideal for lonely people, and for large families where children grow up. Thanks to its friendliness and phlegmatism, exot easily gets along with other animals. He never shows signs of aggression and does not get depressed if a dog or another cat appears in the house.
Pets exotic breed safely carry travel, travel and short trips. For them, the main thing is that the owner is there and they feel his protection and care. Pets give to know about their needs in a quiet voice, but it happens so rarely that exotic animals can be called silence compared to other cats.
Maintenance and care of exotics
One of the advantages of this breed is simple and easy care. Exotic short-haired cat due to the characteristics of wool does not need frequent combing and bathing. To maintain the coat in perfect condition, it is enough once a week (more often during shedding) to comb the hair with special combs.
For washing of exotic it is better to use dry shampoos. If the cat is bathed in the classical way, then after the procedure it is important to make sure that it is not in drafts. This is explained by the fact that thick wool dries out for a long time and overcooling can provoke an inflammatory process.
Due to the special structure of the nasal passages and tear ducts exotic cat requires regular hygiene examinations. In order to prevent increased tearing, you must wipe your eyes with a swab. It is recommended to use special solutions that remove the lacrimal paths. Such procedures are important for an exotic short-haired kitten - this is a guarantee of its health in the future.
Diseases of cats of an exotic breed
In general, exotic shorthair cats have good health. Of the possible problems, the following should be highlighted:
Have cats of exotic breed rarely are genetic abnormalities. Of these diseases, only the first is relevant. But due to the possibility to apply DNA tests, the carriers of the defect are excluded from the dilution.
With proper care and attention, exotic cats live for up to 15 years, without causing much concern to their owners.
Findings about exotic shorthair cats
Due to the huge number of advantages, the exotic breed of cats today is very popular and beloved in many countries. This explains the fact that buy a kitten exotic in the nursery in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan and many other countries is not difficult. Exotics fully justify their name and are one of the most amazing four-legged creatures on the globe.
The history of exotic
The first representatives of cats, similar to today's exotic shorthair, appeared as a result of a not very successful experiment to improve the American shorthair breed in the 50s of the last century.
These cats, similar to teddy bears, appeared thanks to an unsuccessful experiment.
It seemed to the breeders that the American Shorthair and Persian cats could be crossed to expand the colors and make the backbone slightly wearable. As a result, kittens were born, completely different from the original breed, but at the same time impossibly charming. Although the result was unexpected, the work on the removal of these cute cats, it was decided to continue.
Persian cat was taken to improve the qualities of the American Shorthair
The crossing was carried out without the permission of the CFA Board of Directors, and at the same time the kittens that came into being were very different in appearance from the standards of the American Shorthair cat. In 1966, Jane Martink, on behalf of breeders, made a proposal to single out hybrid kittens in a separate breed.
The American Shorthair was directly involved in the emergence of a new breed
This is how a new breed of exotic shorthair cats appeared with standards of beauty that almost completely followed the standards of the Persian cat, the only exception was plush wool.
However, the breeders of the Persians suddenly began to refuse to give up their cats for breeding exotic animals. It seemed to them that these works harm directly the Persian cats, and the purity of the breed as a result of such a crossing may be lost. However, a very small group of breeders noted the beauty and charm of plush cats. They became participants in the improvement of the new species.
In 1973, the standards for the exotic shorthair cat approached the Persians, and the “stop” combination was added, meaning a rather abrupt transition from forehead to nose. At this time, it was still allowed to cross the Persians with any short-haired breeds, but already in 1975 it became possible to cross only the Persians and the American Shorthair, and from 1980 only the Persian breed. Since 1990, the standards set absolutely identical requirements for Persians and exotics, the only difference between these two breeds is wool. Soon the exotic breed received a ban on crossing with any other breeds, including Persian.
Exotics differ from Persians only in wool.
На сегодня в помётах экзотов могут рождаться как короткошёрстные, так и длинношёрстные котята. In the CFA (American Cat Lovers' Association), representatives of exotic hairs with long hair are considered to be a side effect and can take part in competitions where only places are played without awarding titles. In all other felinological organizations they are classified as Persian or exotic long-haired cats without any restrictions on participation in competitions. Crossbreeding between long-haired and shorthair exotic cats is allowed anywhere except CFA.
An exotic shorthair cannot be confused with any other breed. Animals have a unique appearance, create the impression of a perfectly balanced cat with strong bones and rounded body lines. The standards even spelled a special "sweet expression." Exotic eyes are round, large and widely spaced, wool plush, thick, emphasizing the roundness of the body of the animal.
The exotic skull is large and wide, the head is round, proportional, massive, located on a short strong neck. The nose is wide and short with a neat "foot", the cheeks are full, the jaws and chin are strong.
Exotics - large and rounded cats
Exotic ears are small, rounded, widely and low set. Eyes are round, large and expressive. It is brilliant bright eyes that give the cat a sweet expression of the face.
The body is massive, stocky, with well developed muscles, the chest is wide. The limbs are not long, strong, muscular, the paws are rounded, it is desirable that there are tufts of wool between the fingers. The tail is short, proportional to the length of the body, fluffy and rounded at the end.
Exotic cat's fur resembles plush
Exotic wool is thick, soft, reminiscent of plush. She is rather of medium length, that is, slightly longer than the wool of ordinary shorthair cats. But at the same time it can not be so long as to lie on the body. Any colors are allowed, except for faun (light beige) and cinnamon (reddish brown, cinnamon).
For colors white, harlequin, van, bicolor, different eye colors are allowed, for example, one is blue, the other is yellow.
Representatives of the exotic shorthair breed have a very friendly character and the ability to get along with any member of the family. However, these animals need time to accept new people or animals into their lives. Once in the family, exot will initially watch the owners. And then he will choose for himself the main person, to whom almost canine loyalty and loyalty will demonstrate. He will love everyone, but he will give the palm to the one whom he chooses himself.
Exotic cats love games, but they cannot be called too mobile. They can run for the ball, but they will be more pleased with the calm, kind of lazy tossing of a paper ball. In childhood they will be much more active.
Eco cats don't like to move too much
An exotic pet, if there are other animals in the house, will easily find a common language with them, but will always be able to stand up for itself. If another pet shows aggression against a teddy cat, the latter is most likely to simply stop communicating with an unpleasant neighbor. But the cat will respond to a friendly attitude in the same way.
Exot has a rather quiet voice, and at the same time these cats are more silent than other breeds. As a rule, exotic will not bother the owner with loud demands for food or simple attention. Rather, the pet will just sit down and begin to look intently at the person until he looks back and does not understand what the pet wants.
But sometimes these cute plush cats can persevere by asking for food or attention. It will manifest itself in gentle stroking with paw or friction on all parts of the host body that are within reach. If these actions are not noticed, the animal will move to a more active influence and can gently lick the hands or face, sometimes gently and gently biting the fingers.
This cat can spend hours with the master of the eyes
The main feature of the nature of an exotic cat is a dislike for loneliness. This pet is ready to go anywhere, as long as a favorite owner is nearby. These cats easily get used to new places if they are with the person they are attached to. In this case, cats are more inclined to communicate than cats.
Experts agree that exotics are very friendly and never show aggression. However, from the experience of communicating with a neighbor's exotic cat, I can confidently say that there are bright exceptions to the rule if you buy an animal not from a breeder, but on the street with it. The neighbor cat, having chosen the daughter of my neighbors for itself as the mistress, experienced notable hostility towards all other members of the human race, which was demonstrated by sudden attacks on the legs and arms of all family members, except for the beloved mistress. Attempts to re-educate the cat were unsuccessful, and consultation with a breeder of Persians and exotic animals confirmed that unscrupulous breeders did not pay attention to the nature of the animals, choosing partners for mating.
How to choose a kitten
Exotic kitten must be purchased exclusively from a proven bona fide breeder with a good reputation. Since exotics, like the Persians, belong to an artificially bred breed, they may experience some health problems. Bona fide breeders will never sell a problem or sick animal, as they care not only about their own reputation, but also about the health of their pets.
Criterias of choice
Choosing exotic, it is necessary to pay attention to the proportionality of the baby. These signs of the breed are already visible at the age of 3 months:
- A kitten should have a large skull, without any cavities and asymmetries.
- The tail is straight, without any creases.
- Coat of medium length, not adjacent to the body, ivy-looking. If the coat is so long that it is adjacent to the body, it is possible for the future owner to be a representative of a long-haired exotic that can be born to the most thoroughbred parents.
- Eyes in a kitten should be large and expressive. Particular attention should be paid to their purity. If the kid has soured eyes, then this can be a sign of illness.
The eyes of exotic children from childhood are large and expressive.
Experts and breeders strongly recommend purchasing an exotic shorthair kitten not earlier than at the age of 3.5 months. By this time, small exotics are completely vaccinated, they can eat on their own, they are accustomed to the tray. It is already clear that the short-haired exot babe in front of you or a representative of the breed with long hair.
Exotic babe is best purchased at the age of 3.5 months
But everywhere recommended for the purchase of kittens age 1.5-2 months, experts consider it too early. At this time, the animal is not yet ready to break away from the mother.
Height at withers is 25-30 cm.
The weight of an adult animal is from 4 kg (female) to 7 kg (male).
The body is medium to large in size, rather short. The paws are massive, short and strong, with a round foot and lush tufts of hair between the fingers. The breast, shoulders and back is massive, short neck. The tail is small but thick, with a thick edge, slightly rounded at the tip.
The head is round, heavy, with full cheeks and a prominent forehead. The nose is short, wide. Strong chin and lower jaw. Look open and clear.
The eyes are large, round, very expressive, the color of the eyes depends on the coat color. Set wide and low ears small and round.
The coat is short, very thick, but at the same time rather thin and silky.
All colors are recognized, including colorpoint without white.
The drawbacks of the breed include tearing and heavy breathing, light or stretched body.
The cat of an unusual breed Exot was first bred in the 1960s moves in the USA. Then the American Shorthair breeders set out to improve and make the color more diverse, for which the Persian breed with a silver color was chosen. It was expected that this would give “American women” green eyes, a “heavier” core and an abundance of colorings, but the result of the crossing was a failure.
Exotic kittens born were typically Persian: friendly, with short legs, short plush and thick fur.
The babies who came into being could not help but fascinate the professionals: in 1966, the American breeder Jane Martink proposed to bring this breed to a new one - sterling, later changing its name to “exotic shorthair”.
To further improve the breed of exotic cats, they needed Persian blood, however, the overwhelming majority of Persian breeders were categorically against such crossing.
Fortunately, there were also innovators, such as the breeders of the Persians Doris Valkingstik (Grayfire kennel) and Caroline Bussey (New Dawn).
Since the main criterion for improving the breed was the consolidation of the shorthair gene, the Persians crossed not only with the American shorthair, but also with the Burmese and Russian blue. When the main goal was achieved, the strictest ban was imposed on such experiments.
In 1973, a change was made to the standard, thanks to which exotic cats came closer to the Persians - a new characteristic of the skull “with a stop”. From now on, an exotic cat is not just a copy of a short-haired Persian. Now she has a new, very characteristic feature - snub.
Since the 1990s, the standard of Exotics and Persians has become identical: from now on, any changes in the standard of Persians are made in the standard of exotic ones.
Corresponds to the Persian variations.
The most common shades:
- tabby - marble with stripes and spots, on the forehead between the eyes there is a characteristic mark in the form of the letter "M". There is a classic, mackerel and spotted tabby. The most famous combinations are blue, red, purple and tortoise tabby,
- monophonic - black, white, brown and silver variations.
Also known is the extremely rare Lynx Point color (colorpoint with an admixture of tabby).
According to studies of felinologists, exotics are highly intelligent cats. They calmly and patiently endure the journey and the trip to the vet. They are extremely important close emotional and tactile contact with the owners. They can also be called very sensitive - the exotic cat will always come to you if you feel bad, and with a lulling purring attempt to smooth the negative. Plush handsome always feel the imminent appearance of the owner and wait for him at the door.
Exotic cats with their open, understanding look and quiet, barely audible voice as never before will suit those who love comfort, peace and tranquility.
They have a very subtle attachment to the household, but they will not bother you with rubbing on their legs and jumping onto their knees, but will patiently wait for them to wither behind the ear. Both adult cats and little kittens are very fond of being in the company and they endure hard loneliness.
Most often, cats behave more independently than cats. Seals are more loyal to the owner and meet him with a truly puppy joy in his eyes.
However, the exotic ones, who borrowed many character traits from the Persian cat, still have their differences: unlike the quiet Persians, the exotics are lively and active. They gladly run for a string or a ball, especially if there is a grateful spectator nearby.
Kittens quickly go to contact with children and other animals in the house, differ in a balanced character and a complete lack of aggression.
Exotic short-haired kitten is easy to train good manners. You need to start the process with a methodical memorization of commands and prohibitions.
There are cases when these cats are afraid to sit on their hands, and the point here is not at all in psychological trauma and cowardice. They are so delicate in this regard that you will have to take the first step, because hugs for cats, as well as for humans, are not only a manifestation of love and tenderness, but also the ability to control emotions. It is important to remember that you cannot take an animal into your arms with force - in principle, they do not accept aggression, therefore an extra noise, cry or holding on hands against their will can injure them once and for all.
Exotic shorthair cats are pretty unpretentious. They do not need professional care, but it is necessary to provide basic.
Since their wool is different in texture and length, but not by volume, - and they have a thick and balanced coat with an equally thick undercoat - you need to comb short-haired fur seals 2-3 times a week using a good-quality metal comb. It is also recommended to bathe the cat with a special shampoo at least once a month.
The muzzle also provides for systematic care: due to its special structure, the eyes of exotics constantly tear off, so you need to wipe them daily with a slightly moistened cloth with a napkin, paying particular attention to the tear paths, eyes and spout.
Care for the ears is elementary: you need to gently clean them every two weeks with a cotton swab.
Claws will also require care: they need to be cut once every two weeks, cutting only a few millimeters using a special claw. Do not forget about the presence of scratching posts in the house.
It is necessary to take care of timely vaccination, you can learn more about terms and vaccines from the breeder or when you first visit the vet.
In addition, you need to do a periodic inspection of the teeth and mouth. Brushing teeth is a necessary procedure that prevents the appearance of tartar. Use for this purpose a special silicone brush, you can buy it in a large pet store.
It may seem difficult to care for exotics, but the whole process will take you no more than 10 minutes a day for face and hair, and 15 minutes once every two weeks for ears, teeth and claws.
Food should contain high-quality protein, carbohydrates, fats, minerals, vitamins and beneficial trace elements.
The easiest to prepare and balanced is professional premium dry food. In addition to the normalization of the gastrointestinal tract, it also helps to clean the teeth from plaque.
In case you decide to feed the animal with natural food, you should follow certain rules:
- kittens should be fed 3-4 times a day, adult cats - twice in the morning and evening,
- cats in their essence are, though domesticated, but predators, and need animal protein (meat), so the vegetarian menu does not suit them,
- in addition to regular food, they also need high-quality multivitamins, which can be purchased at the pet store or from a veterinarian.
Beef, turkey, as well as liver and hearts are ideal as a protein food. In the daily diet should be carrots, eggs, dairy products and cereals.
Together with the virtues, the exotic line inherited the disadvantages of the Persian. It is characterized by problems with breathing and sinuses of the nose, narrowing or obstruction of the nasolacrimal canal and lacrimation. These diseases are mainly associated with the features of the shape of the face and a short, flattened nose.
The animal is subject to dental diseases, the formation of stones on the teeth, gingivitis, periodontitis.
It is necessary to take into account the propensity for polycystic kidney disease (cyst formation). The most common heart disease in such pets is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
A characteristic problem is the displacement of the lower jaw, which further causes problems with the dental plan and interferes with normal nutrition.
Walking and exercise
The activity, mobility, playfulness and ease of movement are distinguished from the Persian ancestors of our pets, while the specified criteria do not lose their relevance with the age of the animal.
They are ready to play with anything: both a ball and crumpled paper, even a simple ribbon, will be used. However, as a rule, they are played for a short time and prefer to spend all their “free time from work” lounging on a soft blanket.
Street walks are not compulsory for them, but from time to time it is possible to bring a plush pet into the yard on the grass. Do not forget about the harness! Take your favorite delicacy for a walk so that this process is associated with something not only unusual, surprising and maybe even a little frightening, but also very pleasant.
Mast and knitting
It is worth noting that the number of matings does not affect the number of kittens, it all depends on the fertility of the kitty.
Pregnancy passes without problems, but in the process of childbirth, which begins after 63-66 days, you may need the help of a veterinarian.
Pregnant pet should be fed 3-4 times a day special. pretty nutritious food.
A few days before giving birth, you need to prepare a box and a soft bedcover, which the expectant mother uses as a house.
Pregnancy and kittens
Before you get a new family member, you need to pick up a nursery and "talk" with all the kittens in person. An experienced breeder will always tell you which baby is right for your family, but you should, of course, rely on your heart.
Не забудьте попросить заводчика предоставить ветеринарный паспорт с отметками о проведении вакцинации а также родословную.
Не стоит покупать котят в возрасте младше 2,5 месяцев – за это время они должны пройти первичную обработку, вакцинацию и осмотр у ветеринара.
Pay attention to the baby himself: a healthy baby will frolic and play with brothers and sisters, he will not be afraid of people or show aggression. Do not hesitate to examine the eyes and ears - they should be clean.
Cat and your apartment
Exotic kittens need warmth and comfort, so the animal must have its own little corner, the cat "house".
It is required to pay attention to basic security: put nets on the windows - this will help to air the rooms without any risk to the animal, because, due to the special structure of exotic cats, the fall for them often ends in death.
We hope that the exotic cat will become a true member of the family, bring warmth and comfort to the house, and also live with you a long and happy life!
Exotic Shorthair Content
Exotic cats are not too complicated in content, but there are some nuances that you should know in advance.
Exotic shorthair cat is unpretentious in food, it has a very good appetite. However, you should not feed it too often, as representatives of this breed are prone to overeating. Because of the wide muzzle, the exotic ones often get dirty with food and drink, so the water and food bowls should be high, with their edges slightly curved inward, to allow at least a little to protect the animal's fur from pollution.
The amount and composition of food
Preference should be given to super-premium dry industrial feeds (Yams, Hills, Royal Canin, Pro Plan) with the necessary content of all necessary substances.
It is allowed to supplement the dry ration with canned meat of the same producer as the dry food. The amount of food in the first and second versions should correspond to the weight of the animal and be consistent with the recommendations indicated on the package with feed.
Exotists have an excellent appetite, so it is important not to overfeed them.
If the owner gives preference to the natural nutrition of the pet, then the diet should be balanced and coordinated with the veterinarian. The menu must be:
- Frozen raw beef,
- boiled chicken,
- dairy products, usually ryazhenka,
- quail - less chicken - eggs,
- steamed oatmeal or buckwheat,
- boiled vegetables.
Do not give fat meat, sausages and smoked meats. The presence of fish and milk in the diet is not recommended. Fish, especially river, in the diet of an animal can lead to urolithiasis, and milk - cause digestive problems.
Choose your pet razon carefully.
With natural feeding, it is necessary to additionally give the animal special vitamins containing the necessary substances, since it is often impossible to get them in full. When feeding ready-made industrial feeds, the inclusion of vitamins is not required, they are already there in the right quantity.
How many times a day to feed a pet
The recommended number of meals for an adult exotic cat - 2 times a day, morning and evening. Kittens up to 3 months eat 6 times a day, up to 6 months - 4 times, from 9 months the transition to two meals. Access to clean drinking water from a cat should be around the clock.
The role of a balanced diet in cat health
Proper nutrition and the availability of all the necessary vitamins and minerals are the key to good health and the appearance of an exotic cat. The visible sign of an imbalanced nutrition of the animal is a poor state of wool, problems with the chair.
With a normal, well-balanced diet, the animal has a minimal chance of getting diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. If the owner feeds the pet with premium ready-made feeds, as a rule, no problems arise. With natural nutrition, the best solution is to consult an experienced veterinarian, who will calculate the daily intake of protein, fat, carbohydrates for a particular animal, taking into account its age and weight.
Combing and bathing
Exotic cats are usually bathed once every 2–4 months or as they are contaminated using special cat shampoos, preferably containing seaweed extracts or medicinal herbs. However, pre-exotics washed with the use of a degreasing agent for washing dishes. Without double soaping with such a tool, the shampoo simply does not penetrate into the thick undercoat, and the dish detergent defats the hair. Then the agent is thoroughly rinsed, the cat is washed with shampoo and rinsed with conditioner. During bathing, special attention is paid to the most polluted places: front paws, chin, tail.
After washing, it is necessary to dry the animal's hair with a hair dryer, since in exotic animals the wool, although not very long, is very dense, so natural drying can be delayed. After blow-drying, the use of special grooming powder, purchased at the pet store, is recommended. It removes moisture and makes hair silky.
Plush wool requires special attention and care.
After vaccination, it is not recommended to wash the cat for two weeks; after deworming, a day should pass.
Combing exotic plants quite often, 3-4 times a week, helping them get rid of dying wool. At the same time, only the sides and belly are combed over the hair, and all other parts of the body are opposed.
Exotics have large, wide-open and slightly protruding eyes, so they need daily care. The lack of daily procedures can lead to inflammatory processes. Eyes are washed with a special lotion (purchased at a pet store or a veterinary pharmacy), dried with a cotton napkin. After that, a special powder is applied to the area under the eyes with a brush or cotton swab, especially carefully at the places where the yellowness of the tear paths appeared. The antibiotic contained in the powder reduces the discharge from the eyes and prevents inflammation.
The ears of an exotic cat need to be cleaned every 7–10 days and after each swim. Special lotions are used to cleanse to remove dirt. It is applied to a cotton pad and gently wipe the pet's ear from inside. After that, dry with a clean, dry cotton pad and treat with antiseptic powder. This powder not only eliminates the remnants of pollution, but also helps to remove dead hair inside the ear canal.
This procedure is an integral part of pet care, but the cat should be taught to her since childhood. Usually claws are clipped every two weeks, cutting only the very tip with special scissors-claw cutters.
These scissors are used for clipping claws.
Oral cavity care
Brushing teeth is also a necessary procedure for exotics, as they are prone to gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) and the formation of tartar. Cleaning is done at least once a week with a special cat or soft baby toothbrush. At first, in the process of schooling, the brush should be moistened with water, then a tooth powder, which does not contain fragrances and flavors, is used.
Kitten from an early age should be taught to brush your teeth
Before the exotic kitten gets into the house, it is necessary to purchase the necessary things for the baby:
- Tray where the baby will go to the toilet. Exotic kittens love to row, so a tray with a grille is not very suitable for them. The filler most suitable for this breed is pressed sawdust. The clumping filler is not recommended by breeders of exotic plants, since the baby may accidentally swallow it, and if the filler gets into the stomach, death is almost inevitable.
These are the pressed sawdust suitable as filler for exotic
- In order for a cat not to sharpen claws about furniture and corners, it is necessary to acquire a claw, or rather several. The kitten should also be taught to her from a very young age, gently indicating to the pet that it is impossible to sharpen claws about furniture and encouraging the use of a special device. There are flat scraper and volumetric:
- flat - this is a regular board or plywood with a stretch of soft cord,
- volumetric claws are better to acquire high enough so that the cat can climb them like on a tree, especially the exotic houses located at the top or in the middle of the claw come to love - there they can relax and look around at the same time, but they usually ignore the exotic houses on the floor.
Here is such a house with a pet house
Diseases of exotic
Exotic cats may experience the following diseases:
- problems with breathing and sinuses, narrowing or obstruction of the nasolacrimal canal and lacrimation - are associated with the anatomical features of the structure of the nasolacrimal canal and the shortened and flattened nose of exotic animals,
Problems with the nose and sores due to the anatomical structure
In order to avoid health problems, you should regularly visit a veterinarian. Inspection at the feline ENT doctor with a detailed examination of the pet's nose is obligatory.
To prevent kidney disease, veterinarians recommend urine testing once every 4–6 months in the absence of complaints about the animal's well-being.
Cardiomyopathy is determined at an early age, it is a genetic disease and kittens with this pathology are usually not offered for sale.
De-worming and vaccination of exotic animals is carried out on schedule, just like for cats of any other breeds.
Thanks to the painstaking work of breeders in exotic cats, there are less and less defects in appearance, however, felinologists have singled out features that lead to disqualification of an animal at exhibitions:
- bends or creases of the tail,
- wrong number of fingers on the paws (there should be five fingers on the front, four on the back),
- deformity of the spine or skull (asymmetry of the head or muzzle),
It should be noted that for breeding a breed it is necessary not only to love animals, but also to have the right to such activities. If the owner has decided that his pet should have offspring, you need to approach the issue of choosing a partner very carefully.
For breeding such beauties you need to carefully choose partners.
How to determine if kittens were born with long or short hairs
In newborn kittens it is impossible to immediately determine how long the coat will be. If you inspect the babies immediately after they have dried, the future long-haired kitten may show a wavy coat. At the same time, a short-haired cat has a slightly tougher coat than a long-haired cat.
At 2–3 weeks long tails of the long-haired exotics may resemble a whisk, while the short-haired will not have hairs sticking out in all directions. Finally, the future length of the coat becomes visible in 8–9 weeks. Long-haired representatives will be more accurate and cute, and plush exotics look awkward and disheveled.
Castration and sterilization
If the cat or cat is not intended for breeding, it is better to castrate or sterilize the animal. When castration, the reproductive organs are removed, in whole or in part. The testes are removed from the cat, only the ovaries in the cat with partial castration, and the complete with the uterus. Recently, however, partial castration has been offered less and less because of the risk of development of pathologies in the uterus that began before the castration. During sterilization, nothing is removed, and the cat's spermatic cord or duct is tied up at the cat.
In this case, animals retain the ability to mate without the appearance of offspring. Sterilization is usually practiced in nurseries.
This procedure is sometimes needed by professional felinologists and owners of pedigree cattery in their breeding work on breeding. Cats are able to give birth several times a year, and cats are able to demand and knit cats practically without interruptions. Therefore, to solve such problems, sometimes a feline team contains a sterilized cat or cat. But owners of ordinary domestic cats and cats do not need sterilization, and it is neutering that is necessary for their pets.
Journal "FRIEND" №06 (08) June 2004
Experienced veterinarians and breeders recommend castrating exotics at the age of 7–9 months.
Pet care after surgery
Caring for a cat or a cat of an exotic breed is no different from caring for animals of other breeds. On the first day after the operation, it is necessary to monitor the condition of the pet, ensure its warmth, peace and lack of contact with other animals, if any.
The animal after surgery requires special attention.
In the postoperative period, the animal has:
- Dry eyes. When anesthesia is used, the cats' eyes do not close, they remain open. During the operation, the veterinarian from time to time closes the eyelids of the animal, in order to wet the conjunctiva with a tear. As long as the cat is not away from the anesthesia, the owner will have to do this. In order to properly care for your pet's eyes, you need to buy tetracycline eye ointment or antiseptic drops. After the pet has come out from the anesthesia, it is not necessary to close his eyes, he will do it himself. There are cases when an animal lies with its eyes open for a long time, then saline must be dripped into the eyes, this will save them from dryness.
- Low body temperature. The usual feline temperature is 37.5 - 39.0 degrees Celsius. In the postoperative period, the temperature can drop to 36.5 - 37.0 degrees. The cat must be put on a warm bedding and covered with a warm blanket. In extreme cases, you can heat the heater. To normalize blood circulation, you need to rub ears and legs.
- Reeling gait. This is due to muscle relaxation during the use of anesthesia. On the first day, it is better to follow the pet so that he does not climb to any height, otherwise he may not be able to resist and fall.
- At first, the cat needs painkillers. If the pet is silent, it does not mean that he does not feel pain. Most animals silently endure pain. They completely refuse food, are in a fixed position. Their pupils, as a rule, are dilated, concentrated. The look is fixed at one point.
The actions of the owner in the postoperative period:
- Every day you need to look at the groin area and check for bleeding,
- to heal the seams better, they are treated twice a day with hydrogen peroxide and green, you can also lubricate the suture with ointment Levomekol,
- during the rehabilitation period, it is necessary to put a collar on the cat, which will not allow the animal to lick off the wound, since this may lead to a divergence of the seams and, accordingly, infection,
- the rehabilitation period is easier in the winter, if the operation was performed in the summer, then a five-day course of antibiotic therapy may be needed - it is better to make sure than to cure the resulting infection.