Beginner breeders are interested in the question of how to teach a dog the command “Give me a paw!”, As well as others: “Place!”, “Sit!”, “Lie down!”, “Fas!”. Many people want to know when it is better to start learning a puppy, what methods to use, methods and exercises. This article will tell you how to teach the dog the commands “Voice!”, “Fas!”, “Lie down!”, “Give me a paw!” And others.
It is best to start a puppy from the age of one and a half months. Although most dog handlers determine the start of dog training for teams aged 4-5 months. But the practice proves that many animals willingly learn it in early childhood, and quite effectively.
In fact, the upbringing of any animal begins from the moment when it first reaches the owner. What kind of intonation a person addresses to his pet, what words and phrases he says, how, when and where he feeds, is already upbringing. Therefore, from the first minutes it is necessary to be attentive, and first of all to yourself.
The importance of intonation and the accuracy of phrases in relation to the animal
You can not raise your voice in the presence of an animal, a small creature can take it personally and get upset. Or it will get used to the fact that the owner often swears, and later will not respond to his disgruntled intonation.
You also can not lisp with a puppy, say too many words about him. From early childhood, the dog begins to memorize some words, so all actions should be commented briefly and clearly.
For example, if a novice dogologist is given the task of teaching the command “Give a paw!” A dog, then this phrase should be spoken. And it’s not “Give me a sweetheart, dearie!” And in case you want to get a submission of a particular left and a separate right paw, then you need to start with the words “Give me the right paw!”, “Give me the left paw!”
There are three main areas of training animal teams:
- Promotional way (the principle of the carrot).
- Punishment or threat (whip principle).
- "Feline education" (the use of ready-made habits and desires of the animal, his personal initiative).
About the principles of "carrot and stick" is known to most people. But what is "cat education", they know a few. Therefore, it is worth to talk a little more about it.
In fact, this is the easiest version of education, when you only watch the animals carefully. For example, it is necessary to guess when it chooses a place for itself and goes to bed. It is there that he needs to be equipped with a sunbed and constantly repeated when it fits, the word "place."
If the puppy happily runs up, seeing the owner and paw trying to draw his attention to him, there is nothing easier than to teach the dog the command “Give me paw!” At this very moment, repeating this phrase every time.
At the moment when the pet has crouched on the floor, with its head on its front paws, the attentive owner will state: “Lie down!” the word “Fas!” as if this was not a dog played out on its own, but the owner demanded that he carry out the command.
And at that time, when the pet starts to bark fuckily, you should definitely remind him that this should be done when the owner says "Voice!" Oddly enough, but even very little kids quickly grasp it.
Noticing that the animal is spinning around the room, chasing its tail, you can come up with your own team, for example, “Dance!” Or “Twist!”. Later, you can make a cool number to the music, which include an episode of "catching the tail."
Promotional way of education
However, one should not rely solely on the fact that the puppy will always prompt his master himself, what he should learn. There are things that a person must oblige to teach his pet, who wants the last one or not. And sometimes the question of how to teach a dog the command “Give a paw!” Cannot be solved by a simple “cat education”.
Then the owner uses the "carrot" option. And in fact, before teaching the dog the command “Give me a paw!”, The cynologist should take care of the treat to be brought up. Of course, you can use gingerbread - dogs love sweets. However, this type of food is not so useful for puppies. It is best to use a piece of dry food.
But a full puppy will not want to work for the usual food. Therefore, before you teach the dog the command “Give me a paw!”, You need to wait for the pet to get a little hungry.
Method "Get a snack!"
The feed teacher gives the puppy a sniff and pinches in his fist. Naturally, the animal wants to get it, will begin to nod, spin. At some stage, the dog will try to help itself with its paw, trying to straighten the closed fingers of the owner. Here you need to take a paw in the palm of your hand, repeating the command and treat a puppy.
Some owners succeed quite quickly. It is enough to repeat this procedure 4-5 times. If it is impossible to teach a puppy in this way, then other canine experts give other advice on how to teach a dog to give a paw. The techniques and exercises that reinforce the execution of this command are just as simple.
Dogs are extremely intelligent animals. Unlike cats (which, by the way, are not inferior in mind to dogs, but are harder to train), they want to please the whole person, loyal to him, considering him the leader of the pack. Trying to guess what the owner wants from him, the dogs are very attentive.
And since it is impossible to teach a dog to give a paw using the “Get A Delicious!” Method, you should use the hint method. A treat also needs to be clenched in a fist, but not shown to his puppy ahead of time. Having uttered the command, you need to lightly touch the animal's paw near the elbow bend with your free hand. The puppy instinctively raises his paw, because the owner of this, apparently, wants. At this point, a person should quickly take the pet's hand in the palm and praise him with the word “Well done!” Or “Good!”. And then, without releasing his paws, put a snack in his mouth. Now you can let go of the paw - it is not very convenient to eat in such an unnatural posture.
And it should be clearly understood that the most important thing when raising any animal:
- constancy of requirements.
When a four-legged friend appears in the house, the owner should give him a lot of time, patience and attention. From the first days of the puppy's appearance in the family, you need to teach him a nickname and place. Usually it takes about a week for this and for adaptation in the house. The young pet quickly becomes attached to its owner, who from the very beginning should become an authority for him, a leader. This is the only way to achieve obedience and command execution.
Experts advise inexperienced dog breeders to start with training prohibiting teams, that is, "no" or "fu." When the dog has learned them, you need to go to the commands "near" and "sit." They are considered basic skills that help the owner to subjugate his pupil, to discipline him. The dog handlers recommend giving a paw to a young pet at the age of five months. By this period, relations of mutual understanding will be established between the host and the ward. Ideally, the owner for a few months should teach the dog that the master of the house is the owner, and the dog must obey, delight him.
So, you decided to teach a pupil to give you paws. Classes should always be held when the dog is in a good mood. After the meal should pass two hours.
Only the owner should train the puppy, not the other family members in turn. The teacher must have one dog. Then the dog will listen to him unquestioningly and learn faster.
It is possible to teach a pet to give a paw after it has mastered the “sit” command, since from this position the dog will carry it out.
It is necessary to immediately be patient, to tune in to the fact that from the first day of training nothing will work out, because this is not an easy task. However, it is necessary to train daily.
Skill formation mechanism
Give the dog a command to sit. Let it settle down in front of you. Take the favorite delicacy of your ward, hold it in the right palm. Direct a clenched fist in the direction of the dog - he immediately senses the smell of tasty food and will try to get it, but with a muzzle to unclench your hand will not succeed. The animal will begin to float and legs. At such a moment, the owner should command “give a paw”, take it from the bottom, hold it for a few seconds with your left hand. No need to lift the limb high and squeeze it hard. Do this carefully so that the animal does not fall. At the moment of holding the paw, you must open your right palm and give the dog a treat, praise, stroke it. So you need to do two more times.
Do the exercise several times a day. And when the pet will have the team performing, he will finally give you his paw, you need to improve the skill with delicacy in a different setting, for example, in a park, yard, forest. Be sure to praise the dog. She must understand that she pleases her master.
Later train without delicacy. When training, the dog will serve you the same limb. Only after he will perform as a team clearly, you need to teach him to give another paw. First you give the command, the dog performs it without stimulation. Then you put the filed limb on the floor and say "another paw." As at the beginning of training, you should push the other foot into your palm, praise your student. By the way, with the other limb the process will go faster - this is the complication of an already formed skill. Further, when the animal begins to give you both limbs implicitly, it will be enough just verbal praise for stimulation.
Only after the dog has mastered the skill with the master perfectly, will he demonstrate it to other family members. It is difficult to predict how long it will take the owner to train the pet to this team, even if it is purebred, service. However, it is precisely this category of dogs that master the skill more easily than others.
Trick or something more?
For most dogs, with the skillful approach of a trainer, training at home becomes an unobtrusive game. Even if you practice with a pet in a group, you need to repeat and reinforce the commands at home, the dog must feel harmony and teamwork.
Give a dog a command to a dog, you can give a paw at any age, as recommended, optimally in 4–5 months. In practice, both the 2-month-old “booties” and the 3-year-old “serious specimens” are easy to learn and gladly carry out the command. The essence of learning consists of several aspects:
- Game encouragement - giving you a paw, the pet feels approval, satisfaction with the performance, albeit uncomplicated, but the command.
- Equality is an imitation of people, an extremely important nuance of socialization of a dog. By shaking the hand / paw of a dog, you help her feel parity with other members of society.
- The development of logical thinking is the basis for the execution of all commands.
Note! The older the dog, the easier it is to train the team. However, the pet must clearly understand what you want from it.
The education of dogs is then successful if it takes into account the instincts and character of the animal. It is easy to teach the “give a paw” command, since it is also based on the innate instinct - the movements of the newborn puppy, called the milk step. The puppy “massages” the mother's belly to get more milk. From infancy, he formed a logical chain - the movement of the legs is connected with pleasure. Therefore, puppies learn to execute this command so quickly. A maximum of 7 days, the dog will already give a foot.
“Handshake” is also important for establishing a close emotional connection with the dog. She feels friendly disposition, approval, which is superimposed on the already existing instinct. Has the command "give a paw" and practical value:
- inspection of pads after walking and processing, if necessary, scratches and damages,
- claw care - trimming or filing,
- putting shoes on paws.
Dogs always have a hierarchy. He projects it on the “flock” in which the dog lives. Therefore, it is better to train the dog to fulfill the command of the leader of the “pack”, so the desire to win the leader’s position will stimulate the lesson quickly and correctly.
Conditions for learning
Start training better at the age of 4-5 months. During this period, the puppy already recognized himself as a dog, recognized the “alpha” in the social hierarchy, and learned some commands, for example, “sit”, from which he would execute the command “give a paw”. To make learning easier, you need to:
- the surrounding stimuli did not distract the puppy,
- he should not be too hungry or full, so that food encouragement would cause an appropriate reaction. The optimal training time is 1.5-2 hours after feeding,
- the delicacy pieces should not be too large so that the dog does not have time to quickly get enough and lose interest, and not very small so as not to fall out of the mouth,
- master and dog must be in good spirits,
- training should not be too long and interspersed with periods of rest, so as not to cause psychological stress. Enough to spend on the lesson every day 5-10 minutes,
- workouts must be consistent and regular.
There is no lower age limit for teaching the “give a paw” team. Dogs remain learnable for a long time.
It is easiest to train a dog to a team, using dainty as a reward and incentive. For the consistent development of the command "give a paw" you need:
- give the command to sit,
- hold a piece of delicacy in your hand and give your puppy a sniff of his hand,
- when the puppy becomes interested and tries to unclasp his toes, wielding his nose, it is recommended to wait for him to try again, helping with his paw,
- release your hand, giving a treat, and with your free hand hold your puppy's paw above your wrist for 1-2 seconds, saying the words of the command.
- repeat the exercise 3-4 times.
The delivery of the treat should be supported by voice and tactile encouragement - say “good” and stroke the puppy. The amount of food encouragement signals should be reduced gradually and the voice of approval should be taught. If the puppy refuses to raise its paw, then it needs to be helped by raising the limb to the level of its shoulder and holding it carefully so as not to cause the dog discomfort and prevent falling.
Any violence or manifestation of irritation, discontent should be excluded. The dog should feel only positive emotions. Playing in between lessons will help the dog change mental stress to physical stress, which will prevent fatigue and increase mood.
When a team is considered mastered
A team is considered learned if the dog begins to give a paw:
- immediately after the voice command - no later than 2-3 seconds,
- from any position - sitting, lying, standing,
- putting a paw on a support or holding a canopy,
- without food promotion.
In the same scenario, you can train a dog without food encouragement, expressing approval only with voice and stroking. It will take a little more time, but then the little dodger will not manipulate the master, asking for a treat.
After the dog has mastered the team, you can begin to teach him to give another paw. This will happen faster, since the command “give another paw” is just a complicated version of the first one. Having mastered the command "give a paw", it can be complicated by commanding "give the left or right paw", "give the back paw", "give five" and so on. This will help develop behavioral abilities, strengthen the vestibular apparatus, bring the owner and pet closer together, teach you to concentrate on the object.
The dog has learned to give paw: what next
There are as many ways of teaching and types of tricks as a trainer can invent. If you are interested in further developing the skills of the four-legged artist, we advise you to learn other interesting elements, the base for which is the simple ability to give the foot.
- "high five" - raising the paw high, the dog touches it to the owner's open palm,
- "Give both" - the dog simultaneously serves both paws,
- "Ladies" - funny element that imitates children's play,
- "Hold" - after raising the paw, the animal keeps it on weight,
- "Give back" - not the most convenient trick for a dog, performed from a standing position,
- "Spanish step" - tail comrade paces, raising his front paws. It is hard to believe that performing this complex element of freestyle (dancing with dogs) is impossible without the ability to give a paw. But who knows, maybe your pet will become a star not only in a narrow family circle, but also at prestigious sports competitions?