Caracal: description, character, content at home


Caracal (steppe lynx or desert lynx) is a fast and very predatory predator.. If it were not for the long tail and rather large sizes, it could be taken for an ordinary lynx or some other representative of the lynx. However, geneticists think differently. They singled out the individual in separate genus, leaving the ancient name - Caracals. The word has Turkish roots and is translated into Russian as "black ear".

  • African subspecies are quite numerous, they do not need protection. Local hunters shoot animals, luring them with the help of various devices - imitators of the screams of wounded animals, or simply trap animals and collect randomly caught prey.
  • The number of Asian subspecies decreases dramatically. They are listed in the Red Book, are under state protection. The population of the Turkmen Caracal is not more than 300 individuals, now it belongs to the endangered species.


Caracal, like a lynx, hunts under the cover of night. In winter and early spring, violates the established rules, going in search of prey in the afternoon. The hunting grounds of the male occupy tens of kilometers, are marked with urine, jealously protected. Females huddle in more modest areas. Their possessions are located on the periphery of the territories of males, the borders are violated only during the mating period.

Under the lair, these animals equip the long-empty fox mink, abandoned by the former owners of the porcupine den. They can make a rookery under thick bushes or in a rocky cleft. Caracals get used to their place, live in the same lair for several years in a row.

The diet of the steppe lynx consists of small living creatures inhabiting the steppe and desert. The most favorite food of this predator is the young antelope. But most often caracals hunt jerboa, hares, gerbils, birds, hedgehogs, reptiles, mongooses. On occasion, he does not give up on lambs, home game, goats (they are dragged from cattle farms).

The victim long hunts and secretly pursues. From fast running the predator gets tired, tries to catch the game with several jumps. The length of one such jump reaches 4.5 meters. Steppe lynx is famous for its incredible speed of reaction. Best of all, it manifests itself in the hunt for birds - the beast jumps up above a flock on the ground like a serval and at the moment when the birds take off, it captures them with clawed paws. From other predators hides prey in the trees.

Reproduction and care for offspring

Animals breed all year round.. The period of mating games has no special peaks. Caracal cat is free in its choice, it can mate with two or three partners. The offspring grow independently.

Before the birth, the Caracal female manages to prepare several shelters in various secluded places. Pregnancy lasts almost three months (78 - 81 days). There are usually two kittens in the litter, rarely three or four. The first month in the life of kids is the most difficult and dangerous. The female, in order to protect the cubs from other predatory animals, has to be dragged daily from the den to the den. The only available food for them at this time is mother's milk.

How to look newborn kittens in the wild is difficult to learn, because the family leads a secretive lifestyle. But the cubs born in captivity look very funny in the photo - fluffy, with small spots on the skin (in adults they remain only on the muzzle), with bright blue eyes, very large ears with long thin tassels at the ends.

The monthly kitten of a caracal can move independently, in case of danger hides in a den. The mother gradually transfers the cubs to solid food, teaches the tricks of the hunt, and six months after the birth, part with them. The younger generation settles near the maternal possessions and begins an independent life. The Caracal cat breed reaches sexual maturity at one and a half years. The average life expectancy in the wild 10 to 15 years.

Life at home

Among other predators, the caracal breed stands out for the softest and most livable character and in this can compete even with some breeds of domestic cats.. The animal is kind, playful, gets along well with pets. However, it is better not to acquaint with lemming and squirrels - he will take it as a prey and will definitely eat it.

Home caracal is curious, always trying to be the center of attention and all the events taking place in the house. He takes an active part in children's games. If there are children under the age of five in the house, it is better to refrain from buying this animal until the baby learns how to properly handle pets.

The caracal may be contained in the apartment, but in this case it is necessary to walk with him more often on the street - he is in dire need of physical exertion, running and workouts. Pet walk, keeping it on a leash.

For the maintenance of the animal is better suited to a private country house with an attached enclosure, which has free access. The area of ​​the enclosure should not be less than 15 m 2. The room is equipped with steps, shelves for jumping, a log or a wooden bar covered with hemp twine is fitted under the scraper.

Bring up the homemade steppe lynx of childhood itself. Behavior in games resembles dogs - caracal loves to run after a ball and bring it to its owner, walks excellently on a leash, breathes an open mouth when it runs up strongly. Loves to play around, lick, rumble. Well accustomed to the tray.

They bathe the cat as needed, comb it once a week. Only toys are played with animals; hands and feet are kept away to avoid injuries.. For games they choose durable natural toys, periodically they are hidden so that the animal does not lose interest in them.

The pet's diet includes meat, eggs, fish, and sometimes dry food. The composition of the menu changes periodically.

  • For feeding from meat products use game, rabbits, chicken, beef, rats and mice.
  • Pork do not give.
  • Until three years of age, calcium supplements and vitamins are added to food.
  • By choosing a dry food approach thoroughly, be sure to consult with a veterinarian and stop on feed only high quality.

The daily daily intake of products for an adult animal is 3-5% of body weight. In summer, caracal at home eats less, in the cold season - more. Kittens feed more often than an adult. Food should be at room temperature and fresh.

Diet - one, rarely two feedings per day. The cat should not have constant access to food, the remnants of food are removed. Hungry days are spent approximately every 10 days (the rule does not apply to kittens and nursing females).

  1. Caracal is endowed with good health and strong immunity. With proper care and feeding, he rarely gets sick.
  2. Eating pork can lead to Aujeszky's disease, which causes nervous system damage and itching.. Therefore, to give pork to cats of this breed is strictly prohibited.
  3. Vaccinations are done according to the schedule set by the veterinarian.

Choosing and buying a pet

The official breeding and sale of these exotic animals is carried out by specialized nurseries (home and aviary type), it is legal to buy caracal only in them. It is prohibited to keep this predator at home without the necessary documents, it is subject to seizure. In addition, the caracal bought from poachers and second-hand dealers may turn out to be sick.

It is better to buy a kitten in a home-type nursery. There you can more accurately find out how much Caracal is. The pet is taken home when it is 5-6 months old. At this age, he is ready to change the situation, meet and make friends with new friends.

The kitten for breeding is not castrated and future owners should get ready for problems with the label of the territory. Pets prudently castrated in 3 - 5 months.

A healthy kitten has a thick and shiny coat, is active, does not show aggression towards a person. His nose, ears and eyes are clean, without unpleasant-smelling discharge.

In the kennel, everyone who wishes to purchase an animal will be provided with detailed information on the characteristics of the maintenance and care of caracals, based on personal experience, observations, and will be acquainted with all the necessary documentation.

The starting price of a Caracal kitten is $ 10,000.

Interesting to know

  1. Manual trained Caracals help drive birds away from the runways of military airfields in South Africa.
  2. This predator gets the liquid from the food eaten and can not use water for a long time. In an additional source of moisture needs only in the summer.

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Caracal cat description

The desert lynx is not such a small predator: a slender body with developed muscles reaches 65–85 cm, and grows at the withers over 50 cm. A beautiful cat weighs between 16–19 kg, cats are larger and can have a weight of 20–25 kg.

Paws are longer than average. The movable tail is quite long.

The head of the beast is small. On it stand out high standing ears with dark long tassels.

The eyes of the animal are extremely expressive, almond-shaped and have a black outline around it.

Wild caracal has a short, very dense and thick coat with a spectacular color: variations in the shades of wool from sand tones to rich brown. The abdomen is lighter than the rest of the body, only the outer part and the tassels are black in the ears. The muzzle is covered with white and dark spots.

Who hears voice caracal for the first time, then wonders: this is the most natural tweet. But cats are perfectly able to purr, if they are in a good mood.

Desert Lynx Character

It is difficult to judge the nature of the wild cat in relation to man. But if you domesticate the beast, you will have to face many difficulties. A man not only with a big heart, but also a strong will, will cope with the freedom-loving nature of the carkal. In order for the cat to show affection, understanding and obedience will require the same education as for puppies of large breeds of dogs.

The reviews on domesticated caracals are positive: cats quickly learn a new role for themselves as a member of the human family and behave with dignity. However, one should not expect the behavior of a soft homemade kitty, after all this is a wild beast, in the genes of which lies a thousand-year-old memory of nature.

Caracal in the food chain

Caracals occupy a safe place in the food chain - these are fast predators, which are even capable of killing other predators. Previously, these cats were classified as lynx due to external similarity, but genetic studies have identified the wild caw, as a separate genus.

Wild caracal is close not only to lynx, serval, but also to puma for a number of morphological features.

Caracal Power

In the carnivorous diet croaks includes a variety of animals. With pleasure the predator will have lunch with a hare, rodents, birds. Desert lynx hunts for both antelope and small monkeys, dorkas gazelles, ordinary gazelles.

The migratory bird season allows you to catch pigeons and partridges.

Often, the African big bustard, gerenuk and sharpen stump become prey.

In the famine years reptiles get into the menu.

The habitat also affects the diet. In Africa, large ungulates come across the menu, in Asia - small vertebrates. If possible, the Caracal will easily attack pets.

The cat kills small prey by biting the back of the head, and the animals, larger than themselves, are grabbed by the throat.

At night, in search of prey, animals are able to walk up to 20 km.

Main enemy cats caracal It is considered a person who, in turn, also sees the beast as his enemy, because these cats often attack pets.

The sand-brown color protects the cats from other enemies quite well - it is enough for the animal to lie on the ground, and their fur becomes a worthy disguise.

Lions and hyenas are not able to catch up with the predator, since it briskly jumps on the trees and thus slips away in two accounts. A leopard is considered a serious opponent of Caracal.

Distribution and number of caracals

The wild cark is widespread in many parts of Africa, settled in the Arabian and Anatolian peninsulas, is found throughout the country in South-Western and Central Asia, Kazakhstan and central India.

There are no these cats in the central part of the Sahara desert, they also avoid the dense forests of the equatorial part of West Africa.

There is a beast on the territory of the CIS, though not in such quantities as in Africa. Sometimes Karkala is seen in the foothills and deserts of Dagestan, where its population is about 100 individuals.

Domestic cat Caracal

If you want to have caracal in your home, it is worth exploring the possibility of keeping such a pet at home. The cat loves space, so a free aviary is built for it or purchased only for spacious houses.

In the aviary the beast will need shelter for recreation. If the cat caracal lives in the house, then it quickly gets used to the society of the owners and does not bother them. You can combine a house and an aviary, making the cat the possibility of free-range in it.

Owners like the beast's love of bathing - the bath becomes common entertainment. Wash steppe domesticated lynx hypoallergenic shampoo. Kittens quickly get used to the silicone comb, are trained to cut the claws.

Caracal kittens from childhood are taught to the tray, and they quickly get used to the permanent toilet. Since the individual is not small, then the tray is selected appropriate.

Home caracal should be treated from worms and receive annual vaccinations. The immunity of these cats is impeccable, and with proper care, the cat will delight the owners of 15-18 years old, remaining vigorous and mobile.

Buy Caracal

Buy a caracal kitten You can not just anywhere, but in a nursery specializing in them. There are nurseries that breed only rare breeds of cats. If you are offered a kitten with hands, without certificates, then it is quite possible that this animal is cut off from the mother by poachers.

In the world there are several nurseries, including in Moscow, where you can find the desired home caracal. The price of a predator is at least 400,000 rubles.

Breed caracal hybrids

Caraket (Caracat) - Felinologists tried to cross a Caracal cat and a domestic cat. The result is a hybrid, called caraket. The breed began in 1998 in Moscow, and further selection was carried out by specialists in the United States. In 2007, the Abyssinian cat gave the world a kitten from a Caracal. The process has stalled, and already Russian Irina Nazarova took up the breeding of carquets and achieved recognition of the breed as the Russian International Registry of ICU and the International Cat Organization TICA.

Appearance and character

The steppe lynx, as Caracal is otherwise called, is of several types, but their differences among themselves are minimal. A person who does not possess zoological knowledge can hardly recognize species.

Common features:

  • Elongated head with narrow and long ears. At the ends of the ears are black tassels. The ears themselves are erect with a great distance from each other.
  • The animal is large and thin. Because of this, it seems elegant and light.
  • The limbs are long and dry, and the body is short.
  • The tail is mobile and half shorter than the body.
  • Large paws.
  • Short red sand color sand. Due to this color, they are masked in the desert from their enemies: lions and tigers.
  • On the belly, the coat is somewhat longer than on the back and legs.
  • The height at the withers is 50 centimeters, and the weight of the animal reaches 20 kilograms.
  • The eyes are almond-shaped, yellow in color with a beautiful black edging.

The steppe lynx lives for about 15 years, but at home life expectancy increases slightly. The tamed caracal becomes a devotee and acquires a calm balanced character. The owners of these animals celebrate their easy learning and kindness to people. Caracals are extremely curious and playful. This wild cat will not lie on the sofa, he spends half of his time in noisy active games.

As the story tells, cats Caracals have been accustomed to people before. In ancient times, they could well replace the hunter dog during the hunt. They knew how to hunt a hare, a pheasant, and even small antelopes. In India, domesticated lynx was called the “cheetah for the poor,” since unlike the rich, the poor hunters used the services of caracal, not cheetah. To date, man does not use the hunting abilities of the steppe lynx.

The main character traits:

  • Despite the predatory instincts, the tamed caracals are soft and meek, like domestic cats.
  • Bursts of activity they are replaced by a long laziness. After stormy games can sleep all day.
  • Sense of your territory. Через некоторое время можно заметить, как этот кот оберегает свою территорию от остальных животных.But there is nothing to worry about, the new pet will get along well with all the animals inhabiting the house or apartment.
  • Curiosity killed the cat - an English proverb says. And this cat was clearly a caracal. He will react to every rustle and be near the owner faster. If the doorbell is ringing, the first one to be near it will, of course, be caracal. With its curiosity, the steppe lynx will probably surpass all domestic animals that have ever lived in humans.
  • Playfulness As a partner for games, caracal sees a man. Therefore, do not be surprised if your pet will walk behind you and constantly touch.

How to choose a kitten

Its price is large enough and decide on the acquisition of the steppe rysenka, maybe not everyone. Try to get the future pet not from the enclosure, but as domesticated as possible. Now many people are engaged in breeding steppe lynx. Kittens that are accustomed to human hands will feel much better with you than captive ones.

Carefully inspect the kitten. It should have a healthy shiny coat and skin without wounds and peeling. The eyes of a healthy kitten should not sour, and the ears smell like unpleasant odors.

Care and maintenance

Get a kitten at six months of age. Immediately you should decide on further actions. If you are not going to breed Caracals, then it is better to immediately castrate the kitten. Otherwise, given its size, a mature male will turn your home into a smelly shed. By castrating a male, you also deprive him of the aggression inherent in all predators.

Be careful if there are children in the house. It is unwise to start a caracal when there is a small child in the family. Grown up children should be explained that it is not safe to offend and pull the domestic lynx.

Make all the necessary vaccinations. Caring for him is no different from caring for other pets. And you should also comb the Caracal wool during shedding, clean the ears and wipe the eyes if necessary. Sheds caracal all twelve months of the year. This process is especially noticeable in the summer. Get a silicone brush or mitten and spend it on the body of the animal. Claws are periodically trimmed with tweezers.

That is why there will be no problems, so it is with swimming. Caracals like water treatments, they are excellent swimmers in the wild.

Caracal diet:

  • Be sure to include raw meat in the Caracal diet. Remember that this is a predator and without meat its stomach will suffer. From meat give preference to beef and poultry.
  • To exclude Aujeszky's disease, do not give your pet pig meat.
  • Pamper him with a raw egg once a week.
  • Dry food pick a good quality without preservatives and dyes.
  • Give your pet vitamins.
  • Salty and spiced foods are extremely harmful to the domestic predator.

Feed the animal twice a day, so he will always have a good appetite. Meat will require about 0.4 kg per day. An uneaten meal is immediately removed. Occasionally arrange your pet fasting days, but not more than one day in two weeks.


Caracals need in walks. These are active animals, which are closely in the city apartment. For safety, provide him with a convenient leash and try to walk your predator away from the dogs, because the fearless caracal tries to fight with them. If you live in a private house, make him an aviary where he could run and jump as much as possible.

Get them rubber toys and scratching posts. If this is a private house, then put a log in the aviary. He will climb on him and sharpen his claws.

Caracal quickly gets used to the leash and, unlike domestic cats, gladly walks alongside the owner. Get him an flea collar.

Also quickly accustomed to home lynx and to the toilet tray. Put wood filler in it and place it in a far quiet place, away from the doors. Tray clean every day.

Health in wild cats is usually excellent with a strong immune system, and problems can only begin with improper care and inadequate nutrition. Otherwise, young caracals do not develop diseases until old age. It is enough to carry out timely vaccinations and preventive examinations at the veterinarian.

The first vaccination is done in three months, and a month later revaccination is performed. Be sure to vaccinate caracal against rabies, rhinotracheitis, penkleykimii and kaltseviroza. Every six months, it is recommended to conduct a physical examination at the veterinarian.

If you are going to breed Caracals, keep in mind that during the marriage period, their behavior becomes aggressive and completely unpredictable.

The female Caracal usually gives birth to 2-3 kittens.In rare cases, their number can reach six. They develop more slowly than domestic cats. For example, their eyes open only a week after birth, and starting at ten days of age, kittens learn to walk. The female feeds cubs with milk for half a year. Meat can begin to give kids after 50 days of birth.

The price of caracal kittens is not small. So, one kitten can be purchased for 400 thousand rubles. Try to buy kittens at six months of age and from a trusted breeder. In this case, the kitten will be accustomed to the tray and solid food. In addition, he will already have all the necessary vaccinations.

In a word, you should not be afraid of these predators. It is enough to take precautions when handling it, especially for children. Caracals - large gentle cats, more playful and mobile, than their lazy congeners. This animal is for the same active people who do not tolerate monotony even in the choice of a pet..

Appearance, description of Caracal

The appearance of the caracal resembles a lynx, but has smaller body sizes, is distinguished by its harmony and uniform coloring. The average body length of an adult individual varies between 65-82 cm, and the tail length is 25-30 cm with the height of the animal at the withers 44-46 cm. The body weight of an adult caracal does not exceed 13-22 kg. A distinctive feature is the presence on the tips of the ears lush tassels up to 50 mm. On the paws there are stiff, bristly hair, which allows the animal to move easily, even on a sandy surface.

It is interesting! In a natural habitat, melanistic individuals are sometimes found. Such caracals are characterized by a much darker, uncharacteristic for this species, almost completely black staining.

The body is covered with short and rather thick fur. The coloring of wool resembles the fur of the North American puma, and is represented by a sandy or reddish-brown top with a whitish lower part. The lateral part of the muzzle is distinguished by pronounced, well-marked black markings. The tassels on the ears and the outer part of the ears have a black coloration. Against the background of sand dunes, the steppe lynxes are almost imperceptible. In summer, the predatory animal sheds, replacing its fur with a lighter, but the same thick and dense wool.

Habitat and geography

A large number of individuals of the caracal are found in Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, in Asia Minor and in the Middle East. A small number of steppe lynx inhabits southern Turkmenistan, the coast of the Caspian Sea and the Mangyshlak peninsula, as well as the eastern part of Kyrgyzstan and the Bukhara region in the territory of Uzbekistan. In our country, isolated individuals are found in the foothills and deserts in the territory of Dagestan.

The main enemies of Caracal

Such large predators as the lion and hyena, from which the caracals flee in dense thickets, are capable of attacking the steppe lynx. Steppe wolves and Alabai dogs, which are used by people to guard sheep flocks, also belong to the enemies of Caracal..

Recently, the Caracals have been deliberately exterminated by people, which is caused by the need to protect livestock from an attack by a predator. The sharp decline in the number contributed to the introduction of the steppe lynx in the lists of protected species, and in the territory of the CIS countries hunting for this predator is prohibited.

The content of caracal at home

On the territory of ancient India, as well as in Persia, the steppe lynx was specially tamed to hunt such wild animals as the small antelope, hares, pheasants and peacocks. This type of hunting was mostly popular among poor people, since the Caracals were much cheaper than cheetahs, and did not require special care and a lot of food.

To keep such an animal was very simple, but a properly tamed steppe lynx is a kind and affectionate animal. To date, the maintenance of such a large predatory cat at home has become a sign of wealth and is very prestigious. Many wealthy people are purchased as an exotic pet unpretentious Caracals. However, the cost of such a graceful animal is very high, so its acquisition and further home maintenance is not available to everyone.

What to feed caracal

Under natural conditions, the food ration of caracal is represented by meat, therefore, at home, meat and by-products should be used as feed, as well as hare, rabbit and rodent fodder. You can feed the steppe lynx and the most affordable raw poultry meat, as well as fish and minced meat.

It is necessary to supplement the diet of Caracal with vitamins and minerals. As a rule, food is given to a domestic predator a couple of times a day, and a portion should be calculated based on the age and body weight of an exotic animal. In the access zone must be a bowl of clean and fresh water.

Diseases of the steppe lynx, prevention

Unlike most breeds of domestic cats, the steppe lynx is not predisposed to diseases initially and has a very powerful immune system. The main causes of health problems are improper care for an exotic pet, age characteristics or late veterinary care in the absence of prevention.

Important! The steppe lynx may be a carrier of chlamydia, but any clinical manifestations of this disease in a domestic exotic predator are completely absent.

The first vaccination is given to a Caracal kitten at the age of three months, and revaccination is carried out in a month. Then you need to vaccinate the animal against rabies. Also required are vaccinations for panleukimia, rhinotracheitis, and calceviroza. It is not recommended to carry out preventive measures at the time of tooth change or if the steppe lynx feels bad. Routine inspections are required to be held every six months.

Nuances and problems of education

As a rule, well-educated and properly tamed wild cats are gentle. For this kitten, the Caracal must be acquired even by small, from already tamed parents. Steppe lynxes belong to non-social animals, unsuited to live in a group, therefore with their relatives such wild cats constantly fight and expel them from their territory.

The attitude towards other species is also very tense. There are often cases when Caracals attack dogs that exceed their size.. Wild cats are very mobile, they love different games, they are smart and well trained.

If an exotic animal is not planned to be used for breeding, then sterilization or castration will be the best option. Cats that have been sterilized rarely mark their territory with urine, and timely neutered cats are more docile and do not show aggression towards their owners.

Caracal Reproduction

A specific period for the reproduction of the caracals is missing. Wildcats are able to mate throughout the year, but the main peak is in the period from October to February. At such a time in nature there is a large amount of food, which allows the steppe lynx to proceed with the continuation of the species. The mating season is accompanied by the release of large amounts of urine by females with special pheromones that attract males.

It is interesting! During the marriage games, the caracals make certain sound signals that resemble a loud cough. For several days, females mate with several males, but preference is always given to the largest, most active and strong individuals.

Pregnancy can last from 68 to 81 days. Kittens are born in a secluded place, in rocky crevices or in burrows under the roots of plants. In the first few days, the female with the kittens constantly changes the location of the nest. After about two or three weeks, the Caracal kittens become quite independent, but remain under the care of the mother. Fully mature individuals become closer to the year.

Where to buy, what to look for

It is best to buy caracal in a specialized nursery, where you can watch the behavior of the kittens and their parents being sold. As a rule, the animal from the nursery is already accustomed to the tray and basic hygienic manipulations.

Sometimes zoos also sell wild animals, but such an exotic pet is not capable of becoming tame, and it will be extremely difficult to instill discipline in it. With great caution you need to treat the offers on the Internet, where animals most frequently caught are caught in natural habitat conditions.

A healthy animal has a good appetite, sufficient mobility and playfulness.. It is necessary to pay attention to the behavior of the kitten in the presence of people and its attitude to strangers. Before purchasing, you should make sure that the kitten you purchase has no signs of disease, clean eyes and ears. Wool should be smooth and shiny. The kitten must have a veterinary passport, in which there are marks of the state veterinary clinic about vaccinations performed.

Price of caracal

Today, the average cost of a pedigree lynx kitten grown in our country can vary in the range of 410–450 thousand rubles and above. Especially expensive are melanistic individuals, which are distinguished by unusual coloring, as well as individuals suitable for breeding. A caracal kitten is best purchased at the age of half a year or younger. A more mature animal with great difficulty gets used to new owners and does not adapt well in an unfamiliar environment.

Owner reviews

According to experienced breeders of the steppe lynx, a private suburban household with a special enclosure attached is best suited for keeping a wild cat. The standard area of ​​such an enclosure should be at least 15-16 m 2. Indoors it is necessary to equip special steps, shelves for jumping, as well as a scraper in the form of a log or wooden bar covered with hemp twine.

Important! To raise home caracal you need to start from early childhood. By its behavior during the game, the steppe trot resembles a dog. Even small Caracals love to run after different objects and bring them to their master.

For games it is recommended to buy strong and reliable toys made from natural and durable materials.. The animal quite easily gets used to the leash and collar, fawns and rumbles like an ordinary domestic cat. Steppe lynx if necessary, well and quickly accustomed to the toilet in the form of a tray.

Home caracal is very vindictive and well remembers rough treatment or physical punishment. In retaliation, the animal can scratch or bite the owner, as well as spoil all the furniture in the house. If there is no self-confidence, then for training it is recommended to attract professionals who will inoculate the whole complex of necessary skills and will socialize the animal quickly.