Ticks are blood-sucking parasites that are most active in the spring - the breeding season and in the warm months of the year. Parasites can wait for their “sacrifice” on the ground, in the tall grass, fall from the trees, “travel” on clothes and shoes, so the owners of four-footed must know how to pull the tick from the dog. At least 1 time, you will definitely encounter the parasite facing the "proboscis", so the material will be useful to everyone, given that the "standard" ticks parasitize on humans and all mammals, and the technique described below is universal.
Peculiarities of tick physiology
There are 48 thousand species of ticks in the world, more than 850 thousand of them parasitize on domestic animals, but they all have the same structure and principle of parasitism. There is only one fundamental difference - the structure of the shell - hard or soft. The "ordinary" so-called encephalitic tick has a hard scaly shell of a dirty gray or black color - see the photo. The parasite goes through 4 stages of maturation:
- Egg - does not parasitize.
- Larva - parasite on small rodents, birds.
- Nymph - visible parasite, similar to an adult, but has 3 pairs of paws. Parasitic on rodents, birds, small animals.
- Adult - has 4 pairs of limbs, clearly distinguishable head. In the autumn, the female lays eggs or hibernates, if she did not have time to mate, the males die.
Important! When attaching, the parasite digs into the skin with all its paws and proboscis (mouth) literally, growing together with the skin. Visually, the parasite looks like a convex mole of black or brown color.
The proboscis and paws of the tick are equipped with microscopic spike-hooks that allow the parasite to hold onto the skin even when the dog itches. It is important to remove the parasite correctly, if the tick is not completely pulled out, the proboscis or paws remain in the skin, then the risk of infection and suppuration of the wound is added to the discomfort.
How to remove the tick
The elimination of the tick is a sensitive matter and requires a special approach. If you are confronted with blood-sucking parasites for the first time, it is not recommended to remove the tick from the dog yourself - contact your veterinarian, who will show an algorithm of actions and teach you the nuances. To the veterinary clinic far, and you are determined? - Take action!
Note, if the dog does not allow the tick to be pulled out or to examine the wound, it hurts. Use local anesthesia - Novocain injection or lidocaine spray. To remove a tick from a dog at home you will need:
- Good lighting - we put the dog under the lamp and calm it down.
- Sharp scissors or butter, if the dog is long-haired - we cut out all the wool that interferes with the view or smooth it with grease.
- Mites breathe with the body, so for applying the first “strike” you need a fluid that creates an airtight film:
- Specialized veterinary ointment to eliminate ticks.
- Nail polish - carefully we smear the whole body of the tick in several layers.
- Oil - using a syringe without a needle, place the parasite into the shell (large drop) of oil. If possible, mark the flare in a wide ring and fill the improvised container with oil.
- Fat cream.
- Gasoline - be careful, the dog should not sniff or lick the fuel!
- Paraffin - be careful not to burn your pet!
- Leave the treated tick for 20–30 minutes and observe. If the parasite has not had time to pump blood, it will disappear by itself. A brown, swollen mite loosens its grip, pulls out their paws and proboscis.
- If the “bloodsucker” did not retire on his own, apply a layer of oil with a syringe and wait another 15–20 minutes. The dog must calm down, at this stage pain is gone, but the wound is still itching. Not dropped? So, only with the help of oil you cannot cope - we take tweezers and a magnifying glass.
- Carefully inspect the "stubborn" - all legs must be raised, the head can be distinguished. If you don’t see one of the limbs, we hook it with tweezers and pull it out.
- Carefully, we capture the body of the tick and gently rotate it one way or the other - as if we are loosening a milk tooth. Note that you twist the same proboscis, it can hurt your pet. Alternatively, you can use the thread - looping the loop or just grasping the proboscis, crossing the ends of the thread. Gently pull from side to side. When using tweezers, there is a risk of handing out the parasite, with a string, you can cut the proboscis and it will remain in the body.
Important! Do not throw away the "trophy", but hand it over to the laboratory - if the tick was the carrier of the disease, you will know about it before the first symptoms appear, which will significantly increase the effectiveness of the treatment.
What to do if a tick has a head off
If everything went well, we treat the wound with an antiseptic. Do not use iodine and brilliant green, if there is no special means, alcohol will do. We will understand what to do if the head is torn off and how to remove the remains of the tick:
- Need to find a black dot, looks like a splinter.
- We harden a thin needle.
- We disinfect and anesthetize the skin.
- Remove the remains of the insect and disinfect the wound.
- If the head remains deep in the skin and you do not see it - contact your veterinarian, the doctor will extract the remnants of the parasite, making a small incision.
Important! Follow the animal's well-being after extracting the tick, many symptoms of diseases that the parasites suffer have an incubation period of 14 to 21 days.
What are dangerous ticks for dogs
Ticks are carriers of various transmissible infections. The greatest danger to dogs is the disease piroplasmosis, which is characterized by the breakdown of red blood cells, as a result of which the dog loses hemoglobin. The disease develops rapidly - the symptoms appear within 2-4 days. The pet becomes sluggish, sedentary, refuses food, experiences strong muscle pain. His temperature rises, vomiting appears, the color of his urine darkens. Next, the animal falls into a coma.
Pyroplasmosis in 90% is fatal. Such a sad statistic is explained precisely by the untimely treatment to the veterinary clinic. In the case of a bite, you need to act quickly, as the delay can lead to costly treatment, serious complications and even the death of the animal. That is why you need to know how to pull a tick from a dog before he has time to give her the entire stock of pathogens concentrated in saliva.
Tick on a dog: how to detect it
To remove the parasite, it must first be found. This is not so easy to do, especially if the dog has a long coat. Feeling the skin, look for a non-characteristic tubercle, which was not previously observed.
When bitten, the tick bites into the dog with its trunk and paws, equipped with microscopic hook spikes, literally growing together with the skin, and becomes like a pea brown, black, gray, dirty pink (depending on the type of parasite). Even if the dog itches, it fails to reset the insect. In this case, the parasite does not immediately dig in. He needs to find a place where blood vessels most closely adjoin the skin: behind the ears, in the auricles, on the neck, in the areas of the inner and back of the paws, in the groin.
How to pull a tick
It would be more correct to take a pet to the vet, but if there is no such possibility, you will have to do it yourself. If the dog does not allow to examine itself, it means that it hurts. Therefore, it is advisable to use local anesthesia (lidocaine, novocaine).
Information on how to pull a tick from a dog at home can be easily found on the Internet. The most convenient way to do this is with a special tweezer to remove ticks, which is called Tick Twister and is sold in veterinary pharmacies. To get an insect is very easy - just grab it with a Tick Twister and make several twisting movements. The parasite extracted with this curved right angle device is intact and is suitable for further analysis in the laboratory where it must be taken. If the insect was the carrier of the infection, you will know more about this than the dog will show the first symptoms of infection. So you will gain the precious time needed for treatment.
In addition to tweezers, you will need rubber gloves, cotton wool, a small container, and disinfectant (alcohol, hydrogen peroxide). Iodine and brilliant green is not recommended.
How to get a dog out of a tick:
- Wear gloves. There is a possibility that the tick will burst, and this will lead to infection.
- Reassure the dog. If there is no pain medicine on hand, ask someone from the household to help you hold the animal.
- Tweezers grab the parasite as close as possible to the head. In no case do not jerk the insect, act carefully, otherwise you will tear off its head or paws, and this can lead to suppuration and inflammation.
- Unscrew the flare body counterclockwise, gradually pulling it out.
- Take out an insect, put it in a jar. To keep the tick alive, put a cotton swab moistened with water in a container. Screw the cap tight. The maximum term of delivery of the parasite to the laboratory is 2 days.
- Treat the wound with a disinfectant solution.
Arthropods can also be removed with ordinary cosmetic tweezers, but in this case, its tips should not be positioned vertically or at an angle, but horizontally.
Unfortunately, often the owners of dogs make mistakes that cost their pets life. For example, they use oil or various aggressive liquids (gasoline, kerosene), which allegedly force the tick to go out due to blocked breathing. You can not do this! The parasite will die, but will remain under the skin of the animal, which will inevitably lead to infection.
In addition, the mite smeared with any liquid will not be accepted into the laboratory.
Any disease is easier to prevent than to cure. The best way to protect against dangerous arthropods is to comply with preventive measures. During the period of activation of the ticks, exclude the contacts of the pet with stray animals, do not let it play in places with dry tall grass.
Use special anti-mite preparations, shampoos, collars, which repel parasites.
Every time after the walk, inspect the dog for insects, carefully feeling the coat. Moreover, this should be done no earlier than 2-3 hours after returning from the street, so that the tick inflates and can be detected.
You can also ask a question to the staff veterinarian of our site, who will answer them as soon as possible in the comments field below.
The danger of tick dogs
Almost all types of ticks from the number of Ixodes and Argas that feed on blood are universal carriers of various pathogens of infectious diseases through a bite. Each type of parasite has its own specific pathogens, depending on the type of victim on which they are parasitic. Ticks that attack a person suffer such dangerous diseases as encephalitis and Lyme borreliosis, and ticks in dogs infect animals with pyroplasmosis, as the most dangerous disease, as even if successful, up to 90% of animals die.
This is mainly due to the late request for medical treatment. If this is done on time, then there are chances for a full recovery. Even the slightest delay can result in various irreversible complications and a long period of treatment.
Pedigree dogs, hunting dogs, puppies and elderly individuals are most vulnerable to piroplasmosis. Even a single tick bite can lead to unpredictable consequences.
On a note! Naturally, not every tick that bites a dog infects it with a dangerous disease. Since the risk exists, it is better to pass the tick for analysis. Dogs react calmly to the removal of the tick, so there will be no problems with the parasite removal. Unfortunately, this is not always possible, since the disease passes very rapidly and it is necessary to pass a tick for analysis as soon as possible.
When a tick bites a dog, the pathogens, namely babesia, along with the secretions of the parasite, enter the blood of the animal. After that, they are embedded in the red bodies and destroy them. As a result, the animal’s hemoglobin level drops and within a week the animal falls into a coma and dies. At the same time, during this period the animal is very hard to suffer. The clinical picture of lesions piroplasmosis:
- Already after 2-4 days, although maybe after two weeks, the effects of the disease appear on the behavior of the dog.
- The dog loses its appetite and refuses from their favorite delicacies and food in general.
- Her movements become stiff, lethargic, and reluctant, as if all her muscles ache.
- A high temperature rises, about 42 degrees, against the background of chills. The animal often breathes heavily.
- The dog begins to nausea and vomiting, against the background of intestinal disorders.
- The dog tries to retire and not show his eyes to others, refusing to communicate.
- At the same time, the mucous membranes change their color to yellow or pale.
But the very first sign is the changed color of urine, which is characterized by a rich dark shade, similar to coffee or strong tea. If you managed to pull out a tick from a dog, then it should be monitored for 1 week. At the slightest change in the behavior of your pet, you should immediately contact the veterinary clinic.
Attention! A tick, when bitten, can infect a dog not only with piroplasmosis, but also with other equally dangerous diseases, such as rickettsia ehrlichiosis, hemobartonellosis microbes, and Lyme borreliosis. Some of the ailments can threaten the owner of the dog. Therefore, protection from ticks and constant inspection of the animal for the presence of parasites is the key to excellent everyday well-being, both the dog and its owner.
How, when and where to look for a dog tick
Finding a tick in a dog is not so easy, considering how thick the coat is and what a small parasite it is. It is important to know where to look and when to look. A tick, when saturated with blood, will disappear by itself, but during this time it can transmit to the animal the whole bunch of harmful microorganisms. Therefore, it is very important to find the parasite and remove, and it must be done correctly. Simple rules will help to get rid of the parasite in time. For example:
- First, the animal must be inspected every day, feeling its fur.
- The tick, clinging to the animal's hair, looks for places where the skin is thinnest and close to the capillaries.
- Immediately, after the walk, it does not make sense to examine the dog, since it is very difficult to find in the thick hair of a hungry tick due to small sizes.
- Only after the tick clings to the body of the animal and locks in, and after increasing in size, it can be detected on the dog's body and pulled out.
- From the moment of the first walk to the moment of the next walk - this is the interval during which the tick will already drink the blood of a pet, but not earlier than 3 hours after the walk.
Naturally, we mean everyday walks.
The animal has areas where inspection should be carried out first. These are such areas as the muzzle, the area of the ears and neck, the inner sides of both the front and hind legs, the stomach, the chest and the groin area.
On a note! Feeling problem areas, you should pay attention to the characteristic bumps that were not in these places before. It just may be a tick.
The correct algorithm for removing a tick from a dog
If you still managed to find a tick, you can do the following: contact a veterinary clinic or begin to remove the tick at home on your own, following certain rules. Naturally, the first option is the most suitable, since the experts will not only pull out the tick, but also make its analysis. Unfortunately, this is not always possible, since the clinic can be at a considerable distance, and there may be no transport at this moment. In this case, you will have to extract the tick yourself.
Such skills can be useful, since no animal is immune from the attack of ticks and other parasites. By the way, ticks are extracted from a person according to the same principle. But here we need a clear procedure, otherwise the consequences can be quite unpredictable.
- Better help to deal with the tick special tweezers, which is sold in pharmacies, both human and veterinary. His grip is made at right angles. The grip is worn on the body of the parasite, protruding from the body of the animal. When the tweezers begin to unfold in one direction or another, the tick is easily removed with this grip without any damage. After that, the tick should be given for analysis.
- Ordinary tweezers will go to remove the tick if there is no special one. To do this, the sponge of tweezers should be positioned horizontally, or, in other words, parallel to the body of the animal, as the tick can be anywhere, but not at an angle. Sponge tweezers poddevaetsya parasite at the point of entry of its head into the body of the animal. You can not take it for the body, because you can crush it, which is undesirable. Holding the tick firmly, the tweezers unfold in any direction, after which it falls away from the body. Нельзя клеща тянуть вверх, так как можно разорвать паразита, и головка с хоботком останутся в теле собаки.
- Если таких инструментов не оказалось, то придется вытаскивать пальцами. Для этого нужно обмотать пальцы отрезком чистой ткани или бинтом. Захватывать паразита нужно как можно ближе к точке входа его в тело животного. После этого, клеща нужно выкручивать, но ни в коем случае не тянуть его вверх и, тем более, не дергать его. The fact is that the tick is securely held inside by claws and any sudden upward movement leads to the separation of its body from the head.
- After successfully ridding the dog of the parasite, the wound should be disinfected with any antiseptic or hydrogen peroxide, and maybe even with alcohol-containing liquids.
On a note! If you moisten the tick with any alcohol solution, it will be much easier to remove the tick. It is better not to use any other formulations, as this can only harm.
Frequent errors when extracting a tick
Incorrect actions in the event of an attempt to extract the tick from the body of the dog lead to disastrous results, since infection is guaranteed. So, what not to do:
- According to many, if you put a drop of some oil on a tick, the tick will get out on its own, as it is blocked by oxygen. Indeed, the tick can thus block its breath, but it will not get out, but rather die, and remain stuck in the body of the animal. But as a result of the death of all the contents of the proboscis will be in the wound, along with all kinds of pathogens.
- The same result leads to the use of other liquids, such as kerosene, gasoline, etc., which will kill the tick on the skin of the animal.
- If as a result of pulling out, a parasite breaks out, then the result is the same: the parasite dies, and all pathogens enter the bloodstream of the animal. This result also does not bode well.
- In addition, there is another side of the coin: a damaged tick, as well as a tick doused with kerosene or gasoline, is unlikely to be taken for analysis. In this case, you will have to rely only on luck and a happy outcome, since not every bite leads to infection.
Actions after tick removal
After removing the parasite from the body of the dog, you need to decide what to do with it further. At the same time, every day you need to monitor the behavior of the animal. Therefore:
- The ideal option is to transfer the parasite to a special service for research, if it was possible to remove it alive, without damage. This is the only way to find out if a tick is a carrier of such terrible ailments.
- To save the tick, it must be placed in a small container and tightly closed, but so that it has access to air.
- During the first 2 days you need to fulfill your intentions and take a tick for analysis.
- If this is not possible, then the tick is better to destroy. The best option is to burn the parasite.
- The same should be done with a damaged parasite.
After that, especially in the first couple of days, it is necessary to closely monitor the condition of the four-legged friend. If during this period the dog began to show an unwillingness to play, refuses to eat, especially from the one she often asks for, and even more so when the dog begins to feel sick and vomiting occurs - these are signs of developing pyroplasmosis. In this case, you can not lose a minute.
How best to protect a dog from tick attack
Since the dog loves to walk in the grass, then it’s easy to pick up a tick. A tick without any problems clings to the animal's hair, and it only remains to get to the body itself. As a rule, the tick clings to the lower part of the body, although it all depends on the height of the dog. After the tick hits the animal, he slowly begins to look for a suitable place to bite.
Starting from spring and ending in the fall, almost all dogs run the risk of picking up a tick, no matter what grass it runs on, whether it is grass outside the city, at a dacha, or in a city park. Ticks can be located both there and there. Therefore, during this period it is very important to regularly treat animals with acaricides, as well as repellents.
Quite often ticks affect treated dogs. Whether it is not effective drugs, or whether ticks managed to develop immunity against some chemical agents. To reduce the risk of infection by piroplasmosis dogs, it is better to follow a number of rules. For example:
- Visit the veterinary clinic and consult with specialists, which drugs are better to treat the dog, and which of the drugs have lost their effectiveness.
- Currently, experts recommend an integrated approach to solving this problem. It is better to protect the dog on the principle: drops + spray, drops + protective collar, collar + spray.
On a note! Normal dog overalls are able to protect the animal while walking. It reliably protects precisely those places where the tick can cling.
Keeping an animal like a dog is a big responsibility. Although some owners, while they are not faced with a similar problem, do not think so. Therefore, their dogs walk wherever they want and contact, with whom they want. Piroplasmosis is not the only problem. The dog can pick up not only ticks, but also other parasites that are no less dangerous for both the animal and its owner. Moreover, you need to be prepared for everything all year round, and not only in the spring and autumn period. Although this period is the most dangerous for the animal. Bringing the dog for a walk, you should not allow her to run through the grass, through the bushes and do not attend garbage dumps. If there is a dacha, then there should not be high grass in its territory if there is a dog in the house and visits this territory with the owner. You also need to take care that next to the cottage was as little as possible of weeds and thickets of unknown origin.
Such an approach can be considered preventive measures. They are quite simple, but effective. In combination with chemicals against ticks and other parasites, you can really expect a positive result, although you should not expect a 100% guarantee.
Danger tick for dogs
Immediately it should be noted that ticks, even in large numbers, are unable to exsanguinate the dog.
Their danger lies in the other - parasites are carriers of pathogens of very severe diseases are dangerous.
For example, piroplasmosis. This is a blood disorder that can quickly lead an animal to death as a result of rapidly developing renal failure.
Also mites carry Lyme disease. It is dangerous for both animals and humans. If such a disease begins to develop in a pregnant dog, it will cause the death of the offspring in the womb.
In addition, the “dog” parasites can be carriers of the causative agents of the most dangerous diseases. These are ehrlichiosis, bartonellosis and some other, affecting blood cells.
These illnesses can affect dogs of different ages and breeds. Interestingly, the infection occurs not only through the bite, but also as a result of accidentally swallowing the carrier.
There are also ticks, which permanently settle on the skin of dogs. They do not tolerate dangerous infections, but you can’t even call them harmless. The main source of their nutrition are pet skin cells. As a result, parasites cause the development of various dermatological diseases in the dog.
But there are general signs suggesting that something is wrong with your pet:
- Reducing the usual activity of the dog. The dog ceases to be playful, does not ask for a walk, does not run and does not jump.
- Decrease / loss of appetite. The animal refuses even from favorite treats.
- On days 3–5, there are usually more alarming signs characteristic of a particular ailment.
When piroplasmosis, in addition to the general weakness of the dog, rapid weight loss is observed, the temperature rises, the urine becomes dark in color. In addition, jaundice is manifested, some organs increase in size (for example, the liver and spleen). It is necessary to proceed to the correct treatment as soon as possible, otherwise the death of the dog cannot be avoided.
After infection with Ehrlichiosis and Bartonellosis, a pet develops a strong fever, which deprives him of his strength. Joints can also inflame, pulmonary edema, anemia can occur.
Ways to remove at home
It is quite difficult to remove the tick from the wound. After all, the dog will escape from the pain. Relieve her condition will help lidocaine spray.
Next you need to send a flashlight to the problem area, calm the dog down and press it to the sofa. If the bite has long hair, it should be trimmed, and the surrounding hairs smoothed with oil.
Parasite extraction algorithm:
- Spread the body of the tick with a liquid that does not allow air to pass through. This can be nail polish or a special tool from anti-parasite vet drugstore. A large drop of oil in which you need to put a tick is suitable for this purpose.
- Leave the parasite in this form for about half an hour and watch it. If the tick has not had time to drink blood, then he will fall off himself. The swollen parasite will simply weaken, remove the proboscis and legs from the skin.
- It happens that the tick does not "leave" on its own. Then you need to add a new layer of oil and wait another quarter of an hour.4
- Again, not "retreated"? In this case, you will need to use tweezers. First of all - get all the limbs of the parasite.
- Next - grab his body and gently remove the tick from the skin. At the same time it is necessary to twist it in different directions, such as, for example, when loosening a tooth.
It is important not to crush the parasite. It must be removed in a jar or tube and taken to the laboratory. If the tick turns out to be a carrier of the infection, the owner will be able to start treating his pet at the very early stage of infection.
What is absolutely impossible to do, finding a tick
It is very important to get the tick out correctly so as not to harm the dog. In the process it is absolutely impossible to touch the insect with your bare hands. All work must be done in gloves. Otherwise, the owner himself may become infected with a dangerous virus.
No need to pull and strongly pull the tick from the wound, because his limbs and head are easily torn off. Danger and crush insect. Otherwise, its secrets can get into the wound and cause severe inflammation in the animal.
What to do after removing the parasite
After removing the dangerous “guest”, it is necessary to disinfect the problem area of the skin. If the head of the tick is still in the wound and it is impossible to get it yourself, it is better to go to the vet right away. It is forbidden to make a deep incision in the skin.
After the procedure, you will need to carefully monitor the state of health of the dog. It must be remembered that many of the pathologies noted above have an incubation period of up to 3 weeks.
Features of tick bite
The expression "grasped like a tick" became commonplace for nothing - removing the parasite is very difficult. Having found a tasty patch on the victim, the mite cuts through the skin with a proboscis and sticks to the blood vessel. The proboscis and forelegs are equipped with tiny spikes that prevent the parasite from being extracted until it is saturated.
Ticks are blind, but they feel good heat. They are waiting for the victim on the leaves and grass, stretching forward forepaws.
Clinging to the animal's fur, the mites for some time looking for a suitable place to bite. Most often these are “hot” areas where blood vessels come close to the surface of the skin: the neck, the area around the eyes and ears, the auricles, the belly, the groin, under the tail, and between the toes.
Such areas are least covered with wool. Looking at the animal, pay special attention to them. Try to get rid of parasites as soon as possible.
Ticks are dangerous for dogs, as they can be a source of pyroplasmosis.
Important! The faster you remove the tick, the less likely it is that the infection will enter the dog’s blood. Removing the parasite in the first two days reduces the risk of infection by 80%.
How to remove a tick from the dog's skin by yourself
Faced with the problem for the first time, it is better to seek help from a veterinarian. But it is necessary to learn how to rid the animal of ticks on its own in case the medical facility is far away.
The entire parasite is removed so that the proboscis does not remain in the skin. This can be done in several ways.
It is better to take care of them in advance and buy in a veterinary pharmacy.
There are the following types of remedies for ticks for animals:
Both Russian (Bars) and foreign (Bayer, FrontLine, Hartz) manufacturers produce these funds.
By the way the action means are divided into:
- Repellents - scare ticks.
- Insektoakaritsidy - destroy parasites already stuck.
The most competent to choose a remedy for ticks for your dog will help the vet. The effectiveness and safety of the action of the means directly depend on such factors as the weight of the dog, age, how sensitive the skin is, and whether there is a tendency to allergies.
If you used special tools, but the parasite did not disappear itself, proceed to the mechanical extraction.
Twisting ticks for dogs
The tool is sold in pet stores and resembles a small plastic nail puller - the foot is connected to a curved handle. The foot is applied over the skin to the site of the bite so that the tick is clamped in it. Then the tool is rotated in a spiral, twisting the tick out of the skin.
Perhaps this is the easiest, most effective and fastest way.
One of the most effective ways to remove a tick from a dog is to use a tick twister.
Video: how to remove a tick from a dog with a twist
Tweezers are used in a similar way. It is necessary to carefully grab the proboscis and not crush the belly. After that, the tick is removed by rotational movements.
Most suitable tweezers with curved ends or surgical clamp. Ordinary tweezers are also suitable.
To remove the tick is better to take tweezers with curved edges.
If the problem took you by surprise and there are no tools at hand, then the usual strong thread will help. There is no coil at hand - pull out of clothes.
Make a loop in the middle of the thread from the loose knot. Turn the “lasso” on a tick and tighten it on the proboscis. Do not be too hard so as not to tear the proboscis. Connect the ends of the thread and twist among themselves, until the tick loosens its grip and leaves the victim's body.
If there are no special tools at hand, you can remove the tick with a thread
This tool is always with you, with skillful handling will help rid the animal from uninvited bloodsuckers. Protect your hands with rubber gloves before handling, this will protect you from possible infection.
No rubber gloves - wrap your thumb and index fingers around the gauze or bandage. Catch the parasite by their proboscis. Do not squeeze the abdomen, otherwise the lymph will penetrate into the wound. With gentle movements, gently swing and unscrew the tick. This will weaken it and help extract.
The needle is heated with a flame of a lighter or in another way and brought to the tong. Under the influence of high temperature, the parasite will immediately weaken the grip and disappear by itself.
Another way is to pierce a sucking bloodsucker sucking on a needle. The tick will die and it will be easy to remove with your fingers or tweezers. Use the method with caution so as not to get burned and injure the dog.
There are recommendations for the extraction of ticks by vacuum created with a syringe. The corpus is cut at the bottom, a syringe is placed on the skin so that the tick is inside and pulled over the rod.
The method is questionable and traumatic. First, the impact occurs vertically upwards, which means the spikes will not allow the proboscis to be removed from the skin. Secondly, blood rushes to the skin area, which the parasite thirsts for.
Oil, wax, alcohol or gasoline
This method is popular on the world wide web. Oil, melted wax, alcohol or gasoline is recommended to drip on the tick. The substance will block the parasite's access to air; in 20-30 minutes it will suffocate and disappear.
The method is ineffective for the rapid extraction of the tick. Although the respiratory organs of this arachnid are located on the body, the mite can live long enough without oxygen. In addition, gasoline treatment harms the dog.
It is interesting. Known "taiga" method of extracting a tick. Fingers are moistened abundantly with saliva and clamped on the parasite. Hold until the tick relaxes the proboscis and falls out.
How to remove proboscis
It is not always possible to extract the tick completely, and then the proboscis (head) remains in the dog's body. It is a source of infection, as the virus is found in the salivary glands of the tick. It is necessary to remove this fragment as soon as possible.
Remove it the same way as a splinter. Disinfect the bite site and needle, gently pry the proboscis and remove it.
Errors when extracting a tick from a dog and how to avoid them
- You can not pull the parasite sucked up, so you risk tearing the abdomen and leave the proboscis in the skin. Remove it with twisting movements.
- Manipulate without jerking, slowly and smoothly, otherwise there is a risk of breaking the bloodsucker.
- Be sure to protect your hands with rubber gloves, tick-borne infections can be dangerous to humans.
- Do not press the body of the tick, so as not to crush it, the infected blood will fall into the damaged skin of the dog.
- Be sure to remove the proboscis to avoid infection. Even if the tick is not infected, the fragment left can cause an allergic reaction or suppuration.
- Do not leave the bite site after removing the tick untreated.
What needs to be done after removing the parasite
- Treat the wound with iodine, brilliance, hydrogen peroxide or another disinfectant. Do this after the extraction of the proboscis.
- If the tick has been on the dog's body for a long time, wash the animal with shampoo and treat it with an acaricide. Обработка акарицидным средством поможет уменьшить риск укусов клещей
- Понаблюдайте за поведением и самочувствием животного после укуса. Если появились явные отклонения, немедленно обратитесь к ветеринару. Это следует сделать и тогда, когда укус произошёл во время течки и собака готовится к вязке. Врач проведёт необходимые исследования, чтобы исключить или выявить инфекцию.
Tip! Извлечённого клеща поместите в пробирку или пузырёк и сдайте в лабораторию. Анализ позволит установить, является ли паразит переносчиком инфекции.
After removing the tick, put it in a jar and take it to the laboratory.
Dog owners about their tick extraction experience
Usually I twist the ticks with my hands without any oil, take it with my fingers and gently turn it until I fall off, then I treat the wound with an antiseptic. But you rarely have to act like this, not only do dogs walk in collars against ticks, so even after each walk in the park I look at them, quite often the tick doesn’t have time to get a sore, it just crawls along the fur, then I take it off.
We usually do not lubricate the ticks, but try to pull them out with our hands. While it turned out.
The most successful for me was the option of using a red-hot needle: the tick quickly reached the dox and was easily completely removed.
It is very important to trace the condition of the dog after being bitten! If during the day the dog has become lethargic, apathetic, refuses to eat or fever, urgently go to the doctor under the drip. The life of the animal goes on the clock. Without going to the doctor for the first day, the probability of losing a dog is very high.
When I find a tick, I pull it out with my hands, without any adaptations or medicines. My nails are long, so there is no particular difficulty.
So, we take oil, we plentifully we grease them the place of penetration and the tick. Of course, he suffocates and dies - you need to wait about twenty minutes. With my method it is impossible to make a mistake, there will be no consequences. So, as time passes, we begin to twist the tick - strictly in one direction, taken clockwise. Personally, I don’t see any sense in choosing a specific direction - that is, it could be counter-clockwise, but it is less convenient. The main thing is the direction IN NO CASE do not change and the tick in the ass does not pull - no matter how desirable. Sometimes it is enough ten turns, and sometimes a little fifty. Owing to this rotation, the tick will simply “go away like clockwork” (the way it is) and will remain in your hands. He will need to consider whether all the paws are in place, if the proboscis is not left in the wound. I always had a complete set :-) And then the wound needs to be thoroughly disinfected.
It is very easy to twist counter-clockwise with tweezers or the like. Snatching is very undesirable!
I still looped out of the thread smoothly took out the tick
Ticks are disturbing, even if they are not carriers of infection. Preventive measures will help to avoid contact with them. Eliminate forest walks with the animal during the period of mite activity, wear a special collar on it, treat the skin and fur with acaricides. And then do not have to extract from the pet of dangerous bloodsuckers.