- Choosing and purchasing a puppy Veho
- How to train an East European Shepherd
- How to feed the East European Shepherd
If you decide to purchase an East European Shepherd, then you should contact a specialized club or amateur dog breeders who purposefully cultivate and breed VEO, using efficient dogs with a good appearance or, in other words, an exterior and a strong psyche. Before you buy, you can go to the exhibition and choose the parents of the future pet, if you are ready to wait some time.
When choosing a VEO puppy, you should decide for what needs you are going to purchase it:
- for guard,
- to participate in exhibitions,
- for sports,
- for breeding.
When contacting the club, dog breeders take into account the wishes of customers and help you find the perfect pet.
By the way, keep in mind that puppies of parents of a middle exterior are cheaper than from the lines of tribal Oriental. At the same time it is necessary to take into account the working qualities and character of the puppy Veo. If you decide to purchase a dog for breeding, then you need to be especially careful about the puppy's parents, it’s better that his mother and father are from well-known manufacturers, have a good exterior, high exhibition grades.
Decide on the sex of the future pet. If you want a soft and sweet dog, more attached to the owner, choose a bitch. They are easier to train and are not inferior in protective qualities males. Beginner breeders have concerns due to the peculiarities of keeping female dogs. You should not panic and be terrified because of this, because bitches pay attention to males only during estrus, and this happens every six months. Males require a more skillful approach to themselves, they are more powerful, larger, more independent and, as producers, are concerned about the issue of reproduction. But the character of the East European Shepherd will depend not only on the biological characteristics of the breed, but also on your desire and desire to raise an adequate dog and reliable companion.
Buy a puppy Veho can be from one month of age.Take your time when choosing, talk with the owners, look at the mother of the VEO puppies, study the documents. Watch these cute clumps, choose a puppy who is interested in everything and who is not afraid to approach people, active and cheerful. Healthy VEO puppies are usually funny, well-fed, with cold noses, clean eyes and shiny soft hair.
When cynologists want to give a vivid example of an excellent service dog, an intelligent, loyal and devoted dog, they recall such legendary dogs as "Dyke", who played "Mukhtar" in the movie "To Me, Mukhtar!" or "Brutus" from the film "Border Dog Scarlet". But after all, she and the other dog belong to the East European Shepherd breed.
Characteristics of the breed can not but rejoice: it is reliable, unpretentious in the content of the service breed of dogs, perfectly adapted to the Russian climate.
About Veho can say that this is a dog, time-tested. In addition, the "Easterners" have an amazing performance, which is especially important in the service dog breeding. Compared with German Shepherd Dogs, the EEO standard is different. They are larger, more massive, more developed physically.
Keep VEO best in a private house. The apartment is also possible, but it is less comfortable for the owners, and for the dog.
Temperament and character
Compared to other service breeds, the VEO is distinguished by a strong nervous system, a balanced character, and a good ability to train. Compared with the German Shepherd, the "Oriental" is slightly inferior due to the larger dimensions in speed and maneuverability. For the same reason, “growing up” happens the same way a little later.
The East European Shepherd Dog cannot be called loyal and trusting towards strangers. As a rule, they have an active defensive reaction, moderately aggressive.
The breed standard VEO was initially recognized by the Union of Cynological Organizations of Russia and the Dobryi Mir Club. After they joined the Russian Cynological Federation. To date, the breed of the Eastern European Shepherd Dog has received recognition from the UCI (United Clubs International - International Union of Cynological Clubs), MKS (IKU - International Kennel Union, which translates the International Dog Union). Nevertheless, the ICF (FCI - F? D? Ration Cynologique Internationale. С fr. International Cynological Organization) does not yet recognize the breed.
The East European Shepherd Dog is classified as a gigantic breed. These dogs have a strong dry constitution, a well-developed musculoskeletal system and relief muscles. The sexual type of the "Easterners" is noticeably pronounced: males are much larger than females.
Veto, height and weight: height in withers in cm. In males in the range of 66-76, in bitches - 62-72, live weight - 35-60 and 30-50 kg. respectively. The proportions of the “Easterners” are such that the body is 10–17% longer than the height at the withers, while the size of the skull is 40% of the height at the withers. The bone index is 1-19, and the leg height index is 50-53.
Muzzle It also has the shape of a blunt cone - narrows to a rather large nose of a pure black color.
Forehead area flat and moderately broad. Longitudinal groove marked weakly or absent. Occipital and supraorbital ridges are not very pronounced.
The forehead and the back of the nose should be parallel to the horizon line as standard.
Lips black, closed. The coloring of the gums is also predominantly of dark shades.
Both jaws powerful, well developed.
Teeth covered with white enamel, smooth, large, well adjacent. Tooth formula, like the German Shepherd, implies the presence of 42 teeth. The bite is normal scissor.
Tongue quite long, from pale to dark pink.
Cheekbones slightly rounded, not forward.
Eyes harmoniously arranged. The size is average. The iris is brown to almost black. The eye section is oval. On the face, the eyes should be set wide enough, but not too much, and slightly diagonal. Eyelids dark color, smooth, smooth, tightly closing.
Ears have an average size, are proportional, have the shape of a triangle (isosceles), standing, rather wide set auricles forward, with slightly rounded apices. In a relaxed state, the ears look slightly to the side, and in a state of excitement they stand clearly vertically in relation to the horizon and parallel to each other.
Neck developed, muscular, dry, widening towards the shoulders, proportional, without dewlap, relative to the horizon at an angle of 40-450.
Body slightly elongated format, with bulky breasts. The length of the body according to the standard is 10-17% more than the height at the withers. The backbone is strong, heavy.
Wide and deep chest (the depth of the chest reaches 47-50% of the height at the withers) contains the lungs of large volume, which provides good endurance. The chest has the shape of an oval (in cross section) and is lowered to the level of the elbow joints.
Well defined long withers.
Croup long, muscular, moderately sloping, round-shaped. The line of the abdomen taut.
Tail from the base it is a continuation of the line of the cupola and descends downwards by a smooth arc. It should be long enough - at least to the level of the hock joints, it can be a little lower, saber-shaped, moderately fluffy. With emotional arousal, raising the tail in the first third of its length to the level of the dog's back is allowed, and then - smoothly bending upwards, but only to the level of the dog's back.
Front legs should be straight, with smooth hair, parallel to each other. Height to elbow joints is equal to or slightly greater than 1/2 the height at the withers.
Fingers closed, oval trail, pads and dark-colored claws. Pasterns elongated, strong.
shoulder blades medium-sized, located obliquely, at an angle of 450 relative to the horizon line and tightly adjacent to the chest.
Forearm straight, straight, parallel to each other. Directly humerus should be moderately long. The angle of joint of the shoulder-shoulder joint is approximately 1000.
Hind legs have a wide set, moderately drawn. When viewed from the back - straight, parallel to one another.
Thighs different well-developed muscles.
Knees rounded, not prominent.
Hock dry, with a pronounced angle of approximately 450. The legs are rather long and proportionate.
Hocks dry, collected, put almost sheer.
Fingers should not be. If a puppy is born with such fingers (6th finger on the paw), then they should be removed.
The hair of the East European Shepherd is thick, rather hard, with a rich undercoat of light gray, silver color. In the area of the head and on the front side of the limbs, it should be short, in the neck, in the collar area, longer. In the area of the back of the thighs the coat is as long as it forms a kind of “pants”.
Color VEO reminds color German shepherd. They are also characteristic cheprachny, black and zoanarny colors. On the face - the traditional black mask, only more often deeper than that of the "Germans". "Deep shraprak", almost "black and tan" is also characteristic of the East European shepherd. A rather bright distinctive feature - the light zones of the “Easterners” are painted in light gray and silver colors, when, in the “Germans”, they are more likely to have a reddish tint. Zoned colors (zonar-red, zonarno-gray) may well be present in the breed. They are not an exterior defect.
Disadvantages, defects and defects VEO
Minor deviations from the listed breed standards in the exterior are flaws (or defects). More significant and pronounced deviations that adversely affect the working qualities of the dog, are defects, including and disqualifying.
- Rough, light or loose constitution.
- Weak muscles.
- Too long or too short hair.
- Weakly expressed gender identity.
- Weak ligament apparatus.
- Curvature of the limbs.
- Unbalanced movement.
- Deformation or weakness of the ears.
- Light coloring of the iris of the eyes.
- Uncertain, cowardly behavior in the presence of unfamiliar stimuli.
- Auburn or brown "tan" with black coat.
- The tail is spin-shaped, or twisted by a ring.
- Full or one-sided cryptorchidism (undescended one or both testicles into the cavity of the scrotum).
- Any deviations from scissor bite.
- Any non-standard color.
- Inconsistency breed type.
- Nose is not black.
- Kitsetail (tail of insufficient length).
- Dysplasia of the hip and elbow joints.
- Severe cowardice or unjustified excessive aggression in behavioral reactions.
Choosing a puppy
Puppies are best purchased from proven breeders with a good reputation. It can be both private individuals and specialized nurseries. In the first and second versions, breeders should be engaged in breeding and accounting for it. It would also be useful to pre-visit the mono-breed exhibition VEO, get acquainted with the breed "firsthand" and chat with experienced owners of dogs of this breed.
1. Ask the breeder to show the puppy's parents and their pedigree documents, show awards. Also find out if they have a veterinarian's opinion on the presence / absence of dysplasias. Examining parents, make sure that they are at least visually healthy.
2. Choose a puppy with the support of an experienced dog handler. It will help you choose a baby with a strong nervous system, without exterior and behavioral defects.
3. Remember that as a rule, by the time of weaning, puppies should already be treated against worms, fleas, and vaccinated.
4. When choosing a puppy, be sure to pay attention to his health. Ears must be clean. Eyes - clear, without discharge. On the stomach should not be any formations, hernias. The anus must be clean, without any traces of feces. Mandatory presence of all milk teeth. A puppy must be active, with a good appetite.
Brief description of the breed East European Shepherd
- Other possible dog names: Veho, East European Shepherd.
- Adult dog height: 63-75 cm
- Weight: 32-58 kg.
- Characteristic color: black-necked, gray, red, darkened “mask” on the muzzle.
- Wool length: Medium length, straight and tough.
- Lifespan: 12 years.
- Breed advantages: brave, strong dog, good defender. Easy to get on with other animals.
- The complexity of the breed: if the dog began to show aggression, it is almost impossible to correct it.
- How much is: The price for an East European Shepherd Dog is about $ 250.
The purpose and character of the East European Shepherd
East-European shepherds have proven themselves well as service dogs. They were specially taken out for militia and military service. Perennial breeding work led to the appearance of a brave, faithful dog, which is still used to carry guard and guard duty.
In addition, representatives of this breed can be wonderful companions and even lifeguards. They are full of inner confidence and dignity, so that they become not only excellent bodyguards, but also full members of the family.
The main feature of this dog is host orientation. At any moment she is ready to give his life for him. She does not trust those around her, but, thanks to her strong nerves and a balanced psyche, she treats them calmly and does not show aggression if there is no need for this. In the event of a dangerous situation, the dog instantly takes an active defensive position.
East European Shepherd Dog have good character - they are loyal friends of the person, love children and are ready to play with them at any time. These dogs will never offend a child, even a stranger. The only condition for the formation of all these positive qualities is the correct upbringing from puppyhood.
East European Shepherd breed video review
In this video, they tell about the history of the origin of Eastern European shepherd dogs, about their character, merits and demerits. The plot reveals the basics of raising a dog of this breed, proper care and maintenance. Any dog owner will be useful information that is presented in this video review.
How to choose an East European Shepherd puppy
According to breeders and veterinarians, you can take a puppy of this breed not earlier than 1.5 months of age. By this date, puppies are not so much dependent on the mother and can easily become attached to the new owner.
According to the rules, up to 45 days, dogs are subject to act - an inspection for the presence of various defects and disqualifying signs. It is allowed to acquire an older puppy, but if he is already 5 months old, it will be quite difficult to teach him new habits.
Choosing an East European Shepherd puppy before you buy, you should pay attention not only to the availability of all necessary documents, but also to breed standards:
- Head. It should be proportional to the body, massive, wedge-shaped, with slightly rounded cheekbones. The skull is flat, with a small longitudinal groove. The forehead is somewhat rounded when viewed from above and in front.
- Muzzle. Has a wedge shape, gradually tapers to the nose. The length of the muzzle must be equal to or slightly less than ½ of the length of the head.
- Lips. Densely closed with each other, dry, dark shade.
- Teeth. Large-sized and scissor bite. The incisors are located on the same level.
- Eyes. Dark-colored, oval-shaped, dry, tightly touching eyelids.
- Ears. Standing, medium length, set high. The shape of the ears is pointed, the tips are pushed up and forward.
- Back. Wide, strong, slightly convex. Withers well expressed, croup rounded, wide, with a slight inclination to the beginning of the tail.
- Chest. Oval, medium width.
- Front paws parallel, straight. Hind legs set back slightly. The shape of the paws is oval.
- Dog movements well balanced, free. When the shepherd dog moves at a trot, the croup and withers are aligned.
Nicknames for the East European Shepherd
Puppies of the same litter of this breed are usually called with the same letter. The nickname is chosen so that it emphasizes the features of the dog. This is a very serious dog and its name should be appropriate. Well suited such nicknames like: Arwen, Agat, Palmyra, Tokay, Buran, Versailles, Blizzard.
For dogs should choose a nickname that will not be very long, but sonorous, for example: Kim, Asgard, Ruslan, Zeus, Battle, Pirate, Prime.
Females Eastern European Shepherd Dogs are much smarter and smarter than dogs. They will suit such nicknames as: Grace, Agatha, Jasper, Wald, Cora, Montana, Aurelia, Marcy, Tara.
Nicknames can be geographical or fantasy character: Tasmania, Narnia, Astana, Tauriel. It is very important that the nickname was liked by all family members and the dog itself.
Keeping and caring for East European Shepherd
East European Shepherd Dog not picky in living conditions. They are able to live in aviaries, and in a private house, and in the apartment. Единственное условие – у собаки должно быть свое место. Рекомендуется класть подстилку, которая будет мягкой и легко чиститься. Если планируется содержать собаку на улице, нужно обязательно построить ей будку с утеплением.
Food and water It should be given in different bowls, and it is advisable to place the bowls on special supports - this will save the dog from disturbing the exterior.
How to feed the East European Shepherd
That the dog was strong and healthy, its nutrition must be balancedcorresponding to the activity and age of the pet. Food should be based on feed of animal origin: chicken, duck meat, beef cartilage and meat, low-fat sea fish, eggs, milk. Food should be given only fresh and always raw.
In the diet of puppies must attend dairy products and calcined cottage cheese, as well as cereals, vegetables, herbs and vitamin supplements.
Feeding frequency depends on the age of the dog: up to 2 months - 6 times a day, 2-4 months - 5 times, 4-6 months - 4 times, 6-9 months - 3 times, 10 months and older - 2 times.
It is recommended to feed the dog strictly at the same time. Feed must be served warm and thick in consistency. Immediately after eating, you cannot drive the dog for walks, it needs to rest for about 2 hours. Access to water the pet must be permanent.
Training and education of the East European shepherd
Dogs of this breed require mandatory training, and to do it recommended by a professional. East-European Shepherd Dogs - the breed is very serious and it must be properly raised from an early age.
It is required to comply with certain regulations:
- a puppy should not be allowed to do something that was not allowed before,
- it is not recommended to scold the dog, you need to talk to her strictly, but without unnecessary emotions,
- if the dog is stubborn, you need to repeat your demands again and again - over time, she will understand what the owner wants and that he should be obeyed,
- Do not forget about the promotion of the dog after the correct execution of commands.
Pros and cons of East European Shepherd breed
The merits. Dogs of this breed are faithful protectors and best friends. They are amenable to training, they know how to get along with other animals and adore children. For decades, the qualities that have been cultivated in them make East European Shepherd dogs excellent bodyguards and dedicated "trainees."
Disadvantages These dogs can only be attributed to the fact that, if improperly reared, they will often show their character, poorly obey, and sometimes show aggression. In addition, the standards of this breed is extremely tough and improper care can spoil the appearance of the dog.
Owner feedback on the East European Shepherd
Very kind and patient dog. Our one-year-old daughter gets up with her what she wants - our Timur tolerates everything and does not even lead by ear. But to our cat treats without much love. Perhaps the reason here is that we took the dog already when the cat was an adult. We trained our Timur a little - he already understands everything perfectly well, and almost without words.
A dog is just a storehouse of wisdom, understanding and devotion. It is almost always possible to talk with him about something and he will always listen very carefully. Feel free to let the child go with him, knowing that he will always be safe. The best friend!
Description and characteristics of the breed
The East European Shepherd Dog (VEO) is distinguished by its powerful muscles and developed bones. The hind limbs are located under a right angle with respect to the body. Males are always bigger than females, they are taller and more powerful. The color of a shepherd dog does not have certain standards; it can be black, with red spots, gray, black and white and so on.
Many lovers are closely related to the Veto and the German Shepherd, and some generally believe that they are representatives of the same breed. To what extent this may be so, because the Germans are considered to be the direct ancestors of the Oriental. The latter were bred in a separate breed on the territory of the former USSR.
The difference between the German Shepherd Dog and the East European one is as follows:
- the chest area of the orientalist is much wider,
- Germans are more active and playful,
- East color has a light background,
- Easterners are a few centimeters taller than the Germans,
- BEO used for official purposes, the Germans - can become faithful companions,
- In the VEO movement, a strong supporting push is noticeable.
History of origin
In the 30s of the past century, it was decided to breed a new Soviet breed, whose representatives could protect the state border and fight crime. The universal dog had to adapt to different climatic zones, that is, to serve faithfully both in the bitter cold and in the hot heat.
The basis for the new breed was to “put on” the qualities of the German Shepherd dog known at that time and closer to the beginning of the 40s, a huge number of their representatives appeared in the units of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
The war years were the cause of the extermination of many pets, only a few nurseries of purebred animals managed to be kept within the Urals. After the war, at one of the Moscow exhibitions, experts noticed a large dog Ingul. From the connection with him the offspring was always born, similar to his father.
Just line Ingul and easy basis for breeding in the USSR. In the 60s, the Germans of the Eastern European type significantly changed, as a result of which experts began talking about the creation of a new breed. Animals became noticeably higher, as evidenced by elongated limbs, increased weight, as well as gait and psychological characteristics.
In the 90s of the last century, representatives of the breed experienced a period of extermination, in most clubs dog breeders in general forbade them to appear with them. And only 10 years later, the gradual restoration of the Eastern population began.
The question of how much shepherd dogs live will definitely be in front of you if a long-awaited pet appears in the house. By standards, the Orientalist lives up to 10-13 years, provided that there is proper care and high-quality food.
Standard indicators include the following characteristics of the BEO:
- Neck muscular, closer to the shoulders extended.
- Saber tail.
- The triangular shape of the ears, set high, erect.
- The head is wedge-shaped, corresponds to the proportion of the body.
- The case is stretched. There are insignificant differences in the height of the sacrum and withers. The shape of the back is straight.
- The nose and lips are black, the jaw forms 42 teeth, the cheekbones are not strongly marked. Eyes - ovate, medium, dark brown.
- The paws are straight, the hind legs are slightly wider.
- In the gait, sweeping movements are observed.
- Wool is strictly straight.
The average weight of females from 30 to 50 kilograms, males are 10-15 kg heavier. Males grow to 76 cm, females, as a rule, 5-6 cm below.
The nature of the breed has the following characteristics:
- Great for dog training. Shepherd will never try to dominate its owner, she is obedient and loyal.
- East is not aggressive to other pets.
- Dogs have a guardian's innate instinct. If there is a threat to the owner or his property, dogs from friendly pets go into the alert phase.
The character of the breed is well developed in all respects. The pet always has a vigorous, active look, he is devoted to the owner and is ready to protect him in any situation. Easterners love kids, are ready to play with them and in no case will they be harmed. But such indicators can be achieved only with the right education. If the dog is not raised, you will not be able to achieve the desired results.
Puppy selection criteria
If you decide to buy a VEO puppy, study the breed standards to know which points you need to pay attention to when choosing a pet. Dogs are very similar to the Germans, so you need to know their main differences.
To buy an animal is best in the famous kennel. It is there that you will be able to provide complete information about its origin, as well as show the necessary documentation.
It is best to take a puppy after it is 45 days old, this time is necessary for adaptation, as well as for identifying possible deviations. Pay attention to his behavior. The kid should behave actively and playfully, have a healthy appearance and a good appetite.
Content, care and feeding
The advantages of the Oriental are that he does not require any special skills in care. The only thing that needs to be paid due attention is nutrition and regular active walks. Pets will feel comfortable and housing conditions, and in a private house. If you put the dog in a booth, then make sure that it is spacious, as the shepherd dogs have large dimensions. It is not advisable to change the dog living conditions. If she originally lived in your apartment, then you can’t move her to a booth or aviary.
It is enough to bathe a dog once in 6 months and then as needed. Try to comb the animal as often as possible, this will avoid contamination of the coat. During this process, you give your pet a kind of massage that can improve blood circulation.
Examine your ears, eyes and teeth regularly. The ears are cleaned twice a month with a cotton swab. Regular brushing is the prevention of the formation of tartar. Eyes are cleared only if there is a discharge on them.
Give remedies for worms regularly. Fleas must be disposed of twice a year - at the end of spring and in the middle of autumn.
For an animal to develop properly, it needs a balanced diet. The emphasis should be on protein foods, including meat. Do not forget to include porridge with vegetables in the diet, give river fish (especially it is necessary for puppies). Fish must be boiled, it will help reduce the risk of infection with worms. You can also give dairy products to your dog.
Please note that milk is allowed only up to 6 months of age. For adults it is contraindicated.
If you do not know how to properly formulate the diet for your pet, you can feed it with dry food, which are sold in special stores. However, preference should be given only to reputable manufacturers.
How to train an East European Shepherd
As a rule, the BEA training takes place in pleasure. Dogs love to learn. Sometimes it seems that they look into the eyes of their owner, thereby trying to understand what will be demanded of them. Such features allow you to train your pet in the home without the help of a professional canine.
Teams need to teach an Oriental from a young age. At first, the process should take place at home or in the yard, and only after the dog begins to respond to basic requirements, training can be transferred to the park. The latter is necessary in order for the dog to carry out all commands surrounded by irritants, that is, in places of large concentrations of people and great confusion.
Do not be scared if the dog refuses to execute commands in the first lesson, this is typical of him in the new conditions. However, still try to obtain from him obedience, encouraging every correctly executed command.
Walk the dog on a leash, try to change the route each time. This will allow the adult individual to always calmly treat all changes in the environment.
- needs constant long walks,
- requires mandatory training
- quite expensive content
- Shows distrustful attitude to strangers.
Veho is a great guard, protector and companion in one person. The dog will demonstrate all its positive qualities with a competent approach to its education.