British cats have gained tremendous popularity and conquered the world with their truly royal appearance, unusual behavior and expressive traits of character. Self-esteem and gentlemanly restraint - this is how British cats differ from their fellows. Characteristics of the breed is replete with interesting and unusual facts, which will be discussed below.
There are several options for the origin of this type of cats. The most common version according to which the Roman legionaries at the beginning of the conquests in Britain took four-legged pets with them. It was believed that this will lead to successful swimming. In contrast to the militant legionaries, cats conquered the island with their character and unusual appearance, for which they received the status of permanent resident. Thanks to the dense wool, which protected Albion from the damp climate, the British Shorthair cat felt quite comfortable here. Some claim that this species is related to the famous cat Cheshire, who helped Alice in her fairyland.
Sometimes the British are called the ideal pet of a business person, because they tolerate a long separation from the owner and, left alone, will surely find something to do for themselves.
The character of the British cats is self-sufficient, non-aggressive temperament and a pronounced sense of self-worth. The phrase "a cat that walks by itself" perfectly shows the attitude of this breed to man. The British are trying to preserve independence from the owner and do not allow them to fully subordinate themselves to his will.
But this absolutely does not mean that this breed does not feel love for its owners. They reciprocate those people who show affection and good attitude. To the person who often feeds and cares for his pet, he will definitely come to sit on his lap.
These felines very well distinguish the intonation with which they are addressed. Therefore, if you shout or talk to them in a raised voice, a Briton might be offended by a person and not pay attention for several days.
British cat does not fit the role of toys for the child. Due to the calm nature, he will not show aggression when dealing with children, but would prefer to hide from excessive attention.
- Due to the extraordinary appearance, among similar species, the British Shorthair cat is the most successful. Description of the breed should start with an unusual wool, which to the touch resembles a plush toy. The inhaling climate of the British Archipelago influenced the development of a thick undercoat. Thoroughness and regal character of the breed is especially evident in appearance:
- the body is rather massive, its paws are strong, well developed. The head is rounded with prominent cheekbones and rounded cheeks. The neck is short, with a characteristic skin fold, which gives the lordly appearance of the breed. The nose is wide and unreleased. Ears are rounded, wide at the base,
- The color is very diverse and is still the subject of controversy. The most popular are smoky, two-tone, Siamese, tortoise. Each has its own advantages, but without exception, elegant and beautiful,
- One of the most common eye colors is yellow or amber, and the variety of their shades. However, there are green, blue. Eye color depends on the exterior. The eyes are very expressive, large, rounded in shape.
- the tail is harmonious to the body, is also well developed, has a recognizable rounded tip.
Nutrition - the guarantee of a healthy pet
The right diet and healthy, containing the necessary micronutrients and vitamins, food is necessary for any living creature. Still, disputes do not subside about what to feed your pets with - regular, natural food or special food. An unequivocal answer to this question is impossible to give, because each person has his own opinion. But when choosing one or another type of feeding, it is worth considering some nuances.
If the choice fell on natural food, then the diet should consist of meat and chicken (sometimes turkey). Meat must be cooked and separated from the bones in order to protect the animal from possible injuries. Do not give the cat a skin or legs. You can dilute the diet with liver and boiled egg, but this food should not be exacerbated. Cucumbers and carrots can also be used as a good vitamin supplement. Do not forget about fermented milk products, which occupy a considerable place in the diet.
If you eat a cat is a special food, you should choose a quality manufacturer, which has established itself in the market. The British Shorthair cat breed can be quite picky about the type of feed, so it is better to give preference to special lines for this breed of pets. Usually in the production of such feed dyes are not used, so it can be replaced with a natural diet.
Pet food should be given two to three times a day. There should also be unimpeded access to fresh drinking water. For good health, prevention of diseases and beautiful appearance, along with food it is necessary to give vitamins.
Wool is the pride of British cats. Characteristic of the breed, which distinguishes them from the mass of other types of cats, is a dense coat with a dense undercoat, which needs careful and timely care. Two or three times a month it is necessary to comb the cat with a special brush with frequent nap. Britons are distinguished by exceptional cleanliness, but sometimes there is a need for washing. To do this, pour warm water into the basin and, holding the pet, wet it with wool. Using a special shampoo, lather the wool and wash off the foam with plenty of water. You should not pay attention to the intimate area, the British will not tolerate such an attitude. After all the procedures, you should dry the wool with a soft towel and comb it after ten to fifteen minutes.
During the shedding, you should comb the wool once a day, and also add a special anti-ball hair to your diet.
If necessary, time should be spent on eye and ear hygiene. To remove the discharge from the peephole, you can use a cotton swab or a disc dipped in clean water. Before such a procedure, hands should be thoroughly washed to prevent any infection on the mucous membrane.
My pollution requires cleaning of the auricles. To do this, you can also use a cotton swab and a solution of hydrogen peroxide. Clean your ears as carefully as possible so as not to harm the animal.
For a long time, people who are engaged in breeding cats, knit Britons with Scottish cats, but at the moment has become a valuable purity of these two species. Some countries at the legislative level have banned such incest.
After about six months of life, the British begin the first heat, but should not be mated, because the body is not fully formed.
It is recommended to determine in advance with a partner and arrange with the owners about the meeting on the third day after the start of estrus.
The best option would be if the female is visiting the male. So he will be more liberated and will be the master of the situation, since he is on his territory. Thanks to this mating will be more active and successful.
If you do not want to get offspring from the pet, it should be sterilized. This option is more preferable than contraceptive, which can lead to health problems and hormones.
Instead of conclusion
A pet is a responsibility. A person must prepare for this step, not only acquiring everything necessary for his pet. He should be ready to share his warmth and love with him. Especially if the pet of the breed of reserved Britons.
If you take a small kitten to bring up, you need to think through every detail, and even options for the nicknames of cats boys of the British breed. It’s usually harder to name a cat than a cat.
They say that pets are similar to their owners, but if the choice as a pet fell on Brit, then you need to match the features that British cats have. Characteristics of the breed - calm, moderation in behavior and character, independence - will suit the same people.
And a little about the secrets.
The story of one of our readers Irina Volodina:
My eyes were especially frustrating, surrounded by large wrinkles plus dark circles and swelling. How to remove wrinkles and bags under the eyes completely? How to cope with swelling and redness? But nothing is so old or young man as his eyes.
But how to rejuvenate them? Plastic surgery? I found out - no less than 5 thousand dollars. Hardware procedures - photorejuvenation, gas-liquid pilling, radio lifting, laser facelift? Slightly more accessible - the course is 1.5-2 thousand dollars. And when to find all this time? Yes, and still expensive. Especially now. Therefore, for myself, I chose another way.
Where did the British come from?
The British breed of cats - this is one of those few lucky women whose biography is rooted in events that occurred before our era. In the distant forty-third year BC, the uncle of Emperor Caligula, occupied the throne. He decided to strengthen his power by opening the war with Britain, and therefore sent troops. Upon return, the cats returned with the Romans who fought in Britain.
The confrontation of the Romans and the Celts did not end forty years. But the British Shorthair cat did not take any part in this war between people. They conquered more and more people with their beauty and affection.. Therefore, when at the end of the nineteenth century we were talking about animals loved by the nation, the descendants of those cats who managed to somehow but reconcile two violent peoples in the past were used as the basis.
In the old writings and documents they say that an ordinary cat suddenly turned out to be very strong and resilient, knew how to survive in various conditions, and at the same time did not lose its charm and charm. We learn about it from G. Weir - the founder of cat exhibitions. Here it is - the history of the British breed.
Quite often, scientists argue about which cat breeds are closest to the British. Definitely, they have something in common with Persian cats - a slightly flatish muzzle of a round shape, but no more.
First of all, let us remember that the British are quite capricious, and even partly touchy - something, and these small animals have pride not less than their owners. The main thing is not to confuse the Scotsman and the British - their owners will definitely consider it an insult. Just remember that British cats are purebred animalsthat came to their appearance through adaptability, experience and mutation. But the Scotsman is a genetically bred breed, like many other cats that appeared relatively recently.
So, looks. What is the difference, what is it, and how do you understand what is british in front of you?
A British cat is a happy owner of the head, located on the shoulders. Outlines of almost regular round shape are a sign of pure blood. The skull is wide, while the muzzle should be round.
Since cats almost always breathe through their noses, this is the basis of their instincts (as opposed to people who are able to independently switch to mouth breathing), it is important to pay attention to the nose and the correctness of its structure. A purebred British breed spout will be short, but wide, without curvature or change. On the nose there is a small, barely perceptible, but imperceptible deepening. If the nose is twisted, the cat may "wheeze" when breathing or make other strange sounds.
The British Shorthair is an exception to the cat's rules. If usually cats always “keep their ears open,” then the British breed does not have such features. Their ears are low and far apart. In this case, the ears are small and slightly rounded. Outside they have enough wool. This does not apply to the Fold-eared British - their ears are often lowered, and placed quite close, as well as closer to the back of the head.
The British breed has rather large eyes, with open, and of course, round shape. Like ears, they are quite wide. The eye color of the British is mostly golden. Less common are blue, bright green and lavender. Cats are appreciated, both with unusual and with pronounced typical eye colors. But dim eyes or iris with spots, rims, and so on, are not just not appreciated, but are considered to be a disadvantage.
The origins of the emergence of standards for the body and physiology of British cats originate in those early times of their appearance. Since the British felt they were masters of their own lands, they grew up in muscular cats, which have considerable strength. However, they may be large or medium in size according to the international classification.
They have a wide bosom, and at the same time, a massive and muscular back, which allows them to write all sorts of pirouettes even in everyday life. Paws are not long but strong, which allows the cat to periodically land on only three of the four, and use the “spare” paw as an attacking weapon in case of a prey jump.
As for the tail, it is also rather short. Thin only kittens, while the British of all ages, it should taper to the base.
Weight and size
A cat of the British breed is much more than a cat, but it is expressed only in appearance, and not in their characteristics. In scientific terms, this breed is characterized by sex demorphism. Kittens, regardless of gender, quickly gain weight. From small, skinny Britons, they quickly turn into miniature copies of their parents, but only outwardly. They gain weight for a long time, the process of growing up also lasts for several years.
After four years, the physical part of the body of the British is fully formed, and by age five he has a stable personality. At this age, cats weigh about five to eight kilograms, and cats weigh from four to six.
This is where the striking differences begin between the breeds, which are British, but fundamentally different.
British long-haired cat is a kind of elegant and representative aristocrat. It is impossible to cross with other breeds, only with the British, otherwise at the exit you risk getting a violent British with an incomprehensible color. But there will be no partner of such an animal with short or long hair.
Despite the fact that the breed is called long-haired, the length of the hair reaches only the average. Without waves and curls, straight, with a rich undercoat that provides the cat with heat preservation. Wherein the tail is always very fluffy. Colors are varied, the only exception that is not recognized is the combination of white with Siamese or partial color on the paws, muzzle and tail.
As for individuals with short hair, they always have surprisingly delicate colors. The coat is dense, evenly distributed over the body. The average length of wool - up to three millimeters.
Mostly monochromatic color should be uniform and uniform so that the wool does not stand out in some places. At the same time, the British breed may have something like a haze on the wool or a tint in some color - this is not prohibited by the breed standard.
According to official data, there are three dozen variations of the color of the British.
The most popular plain colors of this breed are:
- Red breed
- Cream breed
- Black breed
- White breed
- Gray breed
- Breed lilo - a combination of gray, gray and pink.
The most popular two-colored breeds:
- Blue-gray breed
- Tiki breed
- Breed Tabby ("freckles" on wool)
Recently, cattle of British breed with a Whiskas style are gaining momentum. The name came from advertising known feed. But this is just a household or colloquial name, and if you turn to experts, they will explain to you that this is a type of "mackerel." The main color of these Britons - silver. On the back there should be only three dark stripes, and already on the body there is an unlimited number of dark stripes. It is important that the stripes are darker, not lighter.
Lacks of body parts, head
Deformation of the nose, consisting of an overly strong hump of the nose. Flat forehead, large “eyebrows”, long nose. The nose is too narrow, the bite is not amenable to correction, and also, the shape of the muzzle is broken.
The lack of the desired level of "plush". This attribute depends on the undercoat, which ideally should be smooth and very dense. Then the wool is fluffy and looks like plush. The lack of necessary signs most often occurs in large cats, cats with color cinnamon, and also tabby.
Therefore, if you expect to take part in exhibitions or competitions, you should choose an animal of this breed with special care. А если вы приобретаете друга себе домой, то эти внешние особенности не имеют никакого значения – на здоровье, породу или характер они не влияют никоим образом.
Какие особенности британской кошки отличают её от представительниц других «кошачьих рас»? В первую очередь, это манеры. Her playfulness, and such an impossibility to get to her, is still the touchy, especially if the person does not like the pet. At the same time, quite capricious animal, despite its cute appearance. Of the permanent traits of character that are inherent in this breed at any age, independence and stubbornness can be noted.
The British are very friendly and affectionate creatures, they are very easy to contact.
They love a friendly and mild tone, do not tolerate orders or demands towards themselves - especially if it comes not from the owner, but from someone else.
The British breed easily comes in contact with dogs, loves to play with children. He does not like being bored, but at the same time, in the case of a small child, he will endure to the last, so as not to hit his paw. What is special about the British? This breed easily tolerates loneliness.. If you are rarely at home, but very fond of cats, then the British for you is a great solution. They quietly remain alone with themselves, play, sleep, study the outside world. And although they miss the owner, they will not make a mess in all the rooms at the meeting or in his absence.
Be healthy and beautiful!
The unique qualities of British cats is the ability to not get sick, even in very harsh conditions. They have no hereditary diseases, as such, at the same time, cats are endured with coolness with endurance. However, this does not mean that the British do not get sick in principle - they are typical of feline disease.
- Gingivitis This is inflammation and subsequent decay of teeth. It is important to show the animal in time to the veterinarian, because in the first two stages the disease can be cured. But it is much easier to simply prevent him - brushing your pet's teeth and not letting him eat any nonsense.
- Cardiomyopathy, which occurs due to too much load or, on the contrary, because of its absence. The main symptoms are a catastrophic weight loss, loss of interest in the world, the owner, toys, slow pulse and breathing, wheezing.
- Partial paralysis is also possible. Usually - this is the rear limbs. In addition to the above, pay attention to the pads of your pet. If they change color to blue - see a doctor immediately.
- Sometimes hemophilia is found in the British. Here, too, nothing can be done, the best option would be just to follow the pet so that he would not get injured.
- And the last typical disease is a fungus that appears on the claws. You can recognize it by deformation or stains on the claws, so pay attention to the pet's paws.
To prevent heart problems, doctors recommend doing an examination - ultrasound of the heart, at least - one per year, ideally - every six months.
Remember about vaccinations - it is easier to make and prevent them, than to take care of a sick person or worse - a dying pet. The best period for vaccinations is the time when animals are taken from their parents (in two or three months) or the time for changing teeth, i.e. about eight months. Do not forget that it is necessary to carry out preventive treatment for worms. Every year you need to update your rabies vaccine.
If you monitor the health of the British, he lives easily and quietly for at least fifteen years.
It is important to care for a British cat not only at the moments of its possible illness or quarantine, but constantly. A pet is a big responsibility, and a purebred and wayward is twice as many responsibilities.
The difference of the British breed from many other breeds is the absence of the need for scrupulous and careful care. This breed is unpretentious in its living, although it has a number of features, but taking care of them will not take much of your time.
The first thing to do is remove the undercoat once a week. To do this, you should purchase a soft round brush made of rubber or a special material that will remove the statics from the wool. When the cat starts to fade, you need to comb it dailyotherwise, this process will affect your furniture.
The British are a very neat breed, and even though cats, even cats, are very concerned about their hygiene, they constantly lick their fur. Because of this, their stomach is often clogged with hair. You do not need to wait until the kitten becomes ill, and he himself gets rid of hairballs in the internal organs, because it is not a fact that until that moment they will not be harmed. To prevent this, give your cat a special medicine, which is sold in the form of tablets and feed, and dissolve lumps even in the digestive tract.
And returning to the paws - be sure to regularly inspect the claws, so that there is no fungus, cracks or chips.
Finally, remember that the characteristics of the British cat do not mean that the standard procedure does not apply to it. Eye rinsing, specialized cleaning of the ears and pads - this is necessary for every purebred cat, not just for the British.
How to feed, what to feed, when and where?
Immediately we hurry to disappoint fishing enthusiasts - cats do not need fish. At all. No - whether it is food or ordinary fish. Do not believe the ads that advertise fish feed - this is just a marketing ploy. Yes, your cat will gladly eat the fish, but this does not mean that he will like it. How to feed British cats? - you ask. Let's take a closer look at the diet for such a cat.
- Meat. Most of your pet's diet is meat products. Three quarters, sometimes a little less, from the diet should be the meat component.
- The best option for a cat would be beef or poultry, as well as offal. Giving a cat a piece of meat is an unwise decision. Freeze the meat, then it should be minced or chopped. In general, prepare for cat food.
- Garnish. One quarter of the ration consists of various cereals, potatoes and vegetables. It can be a side dish from your table, but you can cook for the cat separately.
- Every five to seven days, be sure to give the British an egg.
- Occasionally, you can give dairy products - it can be cottage cheese or kefir, cheese, pazhenka. You can use dry food from the premium - there are all the necessary substances for the cat, but its taste leaves much to be desired, alas.
What should not be given to cats?
- Milk. Allergy to lactose is especially pronounced in pedigree cats.
- Sweet. Even occasionally. And on holidays, too, is impossible. Consider that the cat needs to follow the figure!
- Marinated and salted. The marinade contains acid, which is bad for the cat's body, and salt delays the release of water from the body.
- Alcohol and coffee. It does not just harm the body, but leads to heart problems.
Remember that the British breed of cats is prone to corpulence, so their diet should be monitored.
Where to buy, why and why?
The main characteristic of a British breed cat is photogenic. These cats love to play at any age., they can be taught to pose, and most importantly, they know how to smile! It turns out just amazing photos: a smiling cat in a pot from under a flower, in a bath hat, hanging in the air at the moment of jumping. And what funny videos are obtained with their participation! These seals are sometimes too smart, but they can be trained with a bang. Therefore, you can not worry about the obedience of such a cat.
As for the place of purchase, you have several options. The most common is the cat market. Popular, but unreliable option. Prices there are two times lower, but here you are in danger. Not the fact that an animal bought in such a market will be healthy and with all vaccinations. Of course, vaccinations can be made, cured, and so on, but is it worth it? And a healthy kitten is better than a sick one.
You can purchase British breed from the hands of people who breed British people. Reliability, as well as price, will be higher, but there are pitfalls here too. You can not always check the documents and breed purebred, and also do not receive any guarantees.
The best option would be a nursery. Before visiting, be sure to look at the reviews on this place, make sure that there are all documents, licenses. Pay attention to the conditions in which animals are kept. They must be clean, with equipped places. In bowls should be food and water.
After making a purchase decision, be sure to issue all the documents on the cat, ask for confirmation of all medical procedures and a guarantee. Do not forget to purchase in advance everything you need to transport this breed - carrying, if it is cold outside - an additional blanket or blanket. The ideal option would be to call a taxi home, but if there is no such possibility, try to ensure the best conditions for your future purebred cat.
British Shorthair: Care Features
Previously, all cats of the British Shorthair breed were of the same color - blue, however, over time, the colors became more and more and now kittens can be born with absolutely any coat color.
British shorthair cats are very affectionate and loving.
They are incredibly attached to their home, but despite this, the Briton’s cat’s absence will not pay attention at all to its long absence. He will do his favorite things or sleep peacefully. Cats of this breed are very playful and before you buy a kitten, you must take care of the leisure of your pet.
In pet stores you can buy a large number of toys specifically for British cats. Photos of toys can be viewed on the Internet.
The British are real fidgets, they are interested in absolutely everything that is going on around: the book fell, the cat runs to see what happened there, the doorbell rang - the British knocked everything in their way rushing to the front door.
However, despite this, they are very clean and clever, easily accustomed to the toilet and the scraper.
The origin of the breed
We know at once several versions and different assumptions of the pedigree, which try to explain the emergence of the “British”, but they do not claim to be documented and the only true ones. It is assumed that cats of this breed were brought to different countries from the territory of France on merchant ships, where sailors kept such animals to protect food being transported from rodents.
It is interesting! It is considered that the “British” became the prototype of the well-known Cheshire cat from the famous works of L. Carroll.
In the XIX century, exotic breeders paid close attention to the elegant and very attractive "British", but Garrison Fair made a special contribution to the development of the breed, with the direct participation of which in 1871 the first exhibition with the British shorthair tabby cat of blue color. In 1950, the breed was approved in America, and the British cat deservedly received worldwide fame. In our country, the "British" were introduced in the last century, but became popular relatively recently.
The breed is distinguished by a rounded head with fairly well developed and pronounced cheeks, wide in the cheek area. The neck is thick and short. The short nose has a wide and straight shape, and also forms a vertical with a strong and even chin. The ears are small, rounded, set wide and low on the head. The eyes are large, round in shape, well open and set wide enough. Eye coloring depends on the characteristics of the main color.
It is interesting! The second name of the "British" - a positive or optimistic cat. It is believed that this is the only breed of the cat family, able to smile. This feature is due to unusually plump cheeks and protruding tongue.
The body is squat, cobby-type, with a straight and short back, as well as a broad chest. The shoulder is wide and massive. Limbs are short, powerful and thick, ending in round, strong and tight legs. The tail part is thick, medium in length, with a rounding at the end and a wide base.
Short and thick coat has shine. The coat is rather dense, with a thick undercoat. It should be remembered that in nature there is no breed "British Fold". All "British" belong to the breeds "British Shorthair" and "British Longhair."
British cat character
The real "British", unlike most other breeds, are independent animals. An adult pet quite easily tolerates loneliness, almost never clinging to its owner and not asking for it. However, the British cat loves its owner very much and misses being separated.
Important! "British" is a true English gentleman, distinguished by characteristic restraint and having a sense of dignity.
To outsiders the breed is very incredulous and prefers to keep from strangers at a sufficient distance. It is a calm, moderately gentle and absolutely not annoying pet, intelligent by nature, neat and very intelligent. Devoted "British" do not scratch or bite, are somewhat melancholic, so the breed is well suited for keeping in a house where there are small children or elderly people.
Good health, and as a consequence, the life expectancy of any pet, are the result of competent maintenance of the animal. British cats belong to the category of healthy and strong breeds that can live at home for more than ten to fifteen years. It should be remembered that life expectancy is directly dependent on a large number of external factors, including good nutrition, quality care and regular veterinary examinations.
British cat content at home
Caring for a British breed can not be considered as something special, therefore, to keep such a pet is not too hard.
Nevertheless, it is very important to take into account some nuances that will allow the “Briton” to shine at show shows or participate in breeding.
Care and hygiene
Unusually attractive wool cover is the main advantage of all the "British", so care for your pet in this direction will require quite a thorough and competent. A couple of times a week is required to brush a British cat with a special massage brush-pouderki.
This procedure will allow you to remove all dead hair in a timely manner and at the same time plays the role of a kind of massage. Wash short-haired animals can be a couple of times a year or as pollution. Long haired specimens require more frequent water treatments.
Important! Even in the presence of a scraper, it is important to trim the claws of an adult “Brit” half the total length about a couple of times a month.
Caring for the eyes of a British cat is required daily. Hygiene measures should be directed to the removal of natural excretions using a wet cotton pad. Movement should be carried out in the direction from the external angle to the nose. Routine examination of the ears is performed every two weeks. Accumulated dirt and earwax should be removed with a cotton swab or disc moistened with a special hygienic solution.
Daily inspections of the oral cavity of a domestic cat are carried out for the detection of tartar and other pathologies. It is recommended to teach a kitten to hygienic procedures in the form of brushing your teeth with special means from an early age.
Diet - how to feed a British cat
The structure of the coat, as well as its condition and overall well-being of the British cat, is largely dependent on a properly formulated diet. The composition of the feed should be as complete as possible and contain not only the nutrients necessary for the animal, but also trace elements and vitamin complexes.
The diet can be represented by ready-made feeds, as well as natural products. The type of feed and its components must be selected based on the age characteristics and sex of the pet, as well as its health and preferences.
It is interesting! At an early age, the need for breast milk lasts up to one and a half months, after which you can gradually transfer the animal to cow or goat milk, milk semi-liquid cereals, as well as shrimped or thoroughly chopped beef.
If the ability to cook the kitten on its own is completely absent, then it is advisable to purchase special premium and super-premium food, focusing on the age category.
The natural diet of an adult animal must include:
- lean meats represented by chicken, beef, rabbit, or turkey,
- meat offal, represented by the kidneys, lungs, liver and heart,
- boiled sea lean fish, boned,
- quail eggs,
- buckwheat, rice, oatmeal, semolina and wheat porridge,
- germinated cereals represented by wheat or oats
- special cat grass.
Starting from three months, natural nutrition must necessarily be enriched with special vitamin and mineral preparations, the number and composition of which varies depending on the age characteristics and physical activity of a pet. It is strictly forbidden to feed the cat "on the table" with normal food..
Diseases and breed defects
Настоящие «британцы» характеризуются довольно крепкой иммунной системой, но отличаются повышенной чувствительностью к холоду и сквознякам, поэтому достаточно легко простужаются.
Британские кошки крайне редко подвергаются различным мутациям или болезням генетического характера, поэтому относятся к числу наиболее здоровых и крепких пород домашних кошек, зарегистрированных в настоящее время.
It is interesting! British cats, compared to other breeds that are popular with breeders, are less susceptible to various oncological diseases, and neutered and sterilized animals live much longer than their relatives, capable of having offspring.
The lack of fullness of the cheeks belongs to the breed defects, due to which the main charm of the “British”, represented by thick plush cheeks, disappears. Frequent shortcomings of the breed include excessively long or soft wool, too pronounced feet or mustache pads.
Excluded from breeding animals with a strong snack or anomaly in the location of the jaws and teeth, as well as skeletal deformity and cryptorchidism. It is forbidden to use in breeding animals with deafness, blindness, squint, eyelid anomaly, a significant deviation from the color standards.
Buy a British cat - tips, recommendations
Animals that fully comply with all pedigree parameters belong to the SHOW class, but the British cats of the BREED class can be used for breeding. If you need to buy just a pet, it is recommended to pay attention to the kittens belonging to the PET class. This class includes pets with small discrepancies and inaccuracies that do not exclude active life activity.
Where to buy and what to look for
When choosing a kitten, you must first pay attention to the exterior. Quite often, with the correct shape and standard proportions of the head, the impression is very large or the ears are set too high. This deficiency can be age, but sometimes remains for life.
It should also be remembered that breeding and exhibition animals should have a normal scissor bite.. It is necessary to acquire a “British” kitten only in specialized nurseries with relevant documents confirming the activity.
British cat price
The cost of the animal depends on the class. Show pets intended for pedigree breeding are much more expensive, but for the highest price animals of the show class are realized, ideally meeting all breed standards.
The price of such a kitten often exceeds 25-30 thousand rubles and can vary depending on the gender, color characteristics, pedigree characteristics and age.
Breed class kittens are cheaper, but can participate in show shows and be used in breeding. The price of such a "British" reaches 15-20 thousand rubles. The most affordable option is to buy a pet-class kitten. Such an animal often has a serious deviation from the breed standards, therefore it is necessary to perform the procedure of castration or sterilization.
According to the owners of the "British", the advantages of such a popular breed at the present time can be attributed to undemanding attention. The animal is not very active and very balanced, therefore it is ideally suited for people engaged in work.
Important! It is not recommended to purchase a British long-haired cat if you are allergic to wool.
The first molt of an animal begins at the age of seven to eight months. In the process of shedding, wool, as a rule, gets out very strongly and is represented by hair from the undercoat. Even daily combing does not always help to cope with such a problem.
The British cat is an animal with character, therefore it is necessary to be engaged in its upbringing from early childhood.. Before purchasing, it is recommended to think over the method of keeping and buy all the accessories necessary for the animal, which can be represented by a special stove bench or cat-house, a closed plastic tray as a toilet with silica gel or wood filler, ceramic or metal bowls, a claw or a game complex, and also hygienic by the set.
Many owners of the "short-haired British" are pleased to purchase various additional accessories in the form of wardrobe items. It should be remembered that any clothing must be comfortable and convenient, made from high-quality natural materials that are easy to wash and dry quickly.
Care and nutrition
Before you buy a British kitten, you must first arrange a place where he will sleep and rest. Otherwise, the pet will choose its own sleeping place and this will not always work out well.
Cats of this breed do not need special care and it is necessary to carry out standard procedures: trim the claws, monitor the ears and eyes of the animal, bathe and comb in time.
In the spring, cats of the British breed start to molt and it is necessary to brush the wool daily, otherwise the whole house will be in small cat hair.
When the kitten is still small - the owner should decide on food for him and choose either natural or feed food.
And so, and so the cats of the British breed can not be fed, otherwise they will have health problems. Also, to avoid complex diseases, vitamins should be included in the diet of your pet.
British shorthair cats are great friends, and, as a rule, they always become common favorites.
Return to the list of cat breeds with names and photos
A brief description of the appearance of the British cat
Description of the breed of the British cat traditionally begins with a description of its appearance. This is a fairly large cat with a well-developed muscular body.
The complex is dense, the legs of the middle dina. Such cats have a round head with pronounced cheeks and small erect ears. The tail is of medium length, rather thick. Cats of this breed are somewhat larger than cats.
The British may have different types of colors, but the traditional smoky-gray color is considered the most popular. There are short-haired and long-haired representatives of the breed.
Shorthair British hair is very dense, thick, does not require much care. Breed description British longhair cat is almost no different from the description of shorthair representatives, except for differences in the length of the coat. In the long-haired she is silky and thick, sometimes a little curly. Long-haired cats often have tassels on their ears and between their toes on their paws. Their tail is very fluffy.
British shorthair cat
Although they do not play with them, they are willing to patiently endure their harassment, not showing aggression. British cats are very clean, quickly accustomed to the toilet and devote a large amount of time to licking their own fur.
These cats and cats can safely get along in the same apartment with other animals, including with other cats.
Breed of big cats
Lovers of exotic animals will certainly fall in love with large cats with an unusual appearance, but a gentle friendly character.
We will tell about big cats and their features in the article.
Like any family member, cats simply need their own cozy corner.
In the article we will tell you what are comfortable and interesting houses for cats.
Vitamins for cats fur
The condition of the coat is one of the most important indicators of the health status of a cat.
What vitamins should be given to your sweetheart, so that her hair remains beautiful and silky, we will tell in the article.
Food for older cats
In old age, the needs of the body change, so the diet should be special.
Which feed is better to choose for older cats, we will tell in the article.
British cats are aristocratic creatures. The breed was bred in England, which could not fail to leave an imprint on their character: stiffness, arrogance, intelligence, innate upbringing and tact, restraint in communication - this is the true face of a real British. What will be the behavior of a particular pet is difficult to predict, because each animal is unique in its own way, but the habits laid down by genetics cannot be eradicated by any education.
British cat. On the breed of cats: a description of the breed British cat, prices, photos, care
The animal can not be called intrusive, most of the time it prefers to engage in his persona in proud solitude. If you want a tactile contact or close communication, the cat will not use this to inform you: it will start rubbing against the legs or clinging to the owner when he lies down to rest.
Sitting on my knees and purring peacefully is not about the British.
We'll have to make a lot of effort to keep the pet in their hands - another manifestation of independence.
By the way, the self-sufficiency of these cats is a positive trait of character for busy people who spend little time at home. The Briton is not afraid of loneliness, he can be at home for a long time himself, without particularly worrying about it.
But always happy to meet the owner after a long separation, showing unexpected tenderness and affection.
Main character traits
The British Shorthair cat is notable for its patience - it stoically carries all the grooming procedures that do not go over to familiarity that can humiliate her.
Aggressiveness is not about them.
There is no more good-natured animal in the cat world. Although you shouldn't take them out of yourself either: they will not attack, but for a long time will conceal a hidden insult.
This breed belongs to the leaders. They will calmly accept the appearance of another animal in the house, whether it be a dog or a cat, but at the same time they will show primacy and primacy with their whole appearance.
Cat special education is not needed. She is too intelligent to walk in need in the wrong place. From the first days of life in a new house, the pet knows where to sharpen nails, where to eat, and where to sleep.
She cannot be called a sluggard, but after a hearty lunch, she always needs rest. The lack of daytime sleep will not only spoil the mood, but also worsen the general condition, which will manifest itself as a lack of appetite, apathy and a little nervousness. Cleanliness is manifested by excessive licking: they can engage in hygienic procedures indefinitely.
By the way, this process is also necessary to achieve a feeling of peace during a period of stress. For example, after visiting a veterinarian or a long journey, you can see with what diligence the pet licks the fur.
British cats behavioral factors
In infancy they love to frolic, running headlong from room to room, hunting for a fictional victim.
The British are big inventors: anything can be the object of pranks. Cats of this breed are difficult to attribute to hyperactive. With age, the craving for games subsides altogether, but this does not mean that the cat should be allowed to spend all day on the sofa.
An adult animal is very useful to provoke the game.
Movement is life, and active exercise will keep a puss healthy and support muscles in a good shape.
An interesting observation - they love to hide, while they dexterously draw people into the fun.
Finally, we highly recommend watching the video selection from the life of a British cat, which very reliably conveys the dynamics of the nature of the breed:
Well and, as usual - we will be happy if you share your personal impressions of life with these charming beauties in the comments!
Cat Breeds> British Shorthair Cat
The British Shorthair is a stocky, sturdy animal with a broad chest and has a dense, short and very thick coat. Representatives of the breed of unpretentious care, easy to get along with a man.
The breed is compact, with short or medium limbs.
The front legs are straight, the paws are tight and round. The head is large, round in shape with widely set rounded ears, round cheeks, large wide open eyes and a medium length nose. The tail is straight, not long, thick at the base and slightly rounded at the tip.
A characteristic feature of the British is a skin fold around a massive head on a thick short neck. There are individuals of medium and large sizes - cats are usually smaller than cats.
Possible colors: solid blue-gray, black, purple, smoky, chocolate, tortoise, tabby, bicolor, colorpoint.
Nature and lifespan
The British are calm, unobtrusive, self-sufficient animals that respond well to affection and attention, but do not like being squeezed. Aggression is not peculiar, not vindictive, respond well to children.
A breed of late development, the animal reaches full maturity at the age of 3 to 5 years.
British short-haired cats have strong immunity, but are sensitive to cold, do not tolerate drafts and overheating, can catch cold.
The average life expectancy is from 10 to 15 years.
Features of maintenance and care
Amenable to training, they adapt well to the conditions of detention, do not require walks in the fresh air. The treatment is simple, includes combing once a week, bathing only as needed.
Characteristics of British cats - height, weight, size
It is not recommended to stay in the sun for a long time because of the risk of the appearance of redfish on the coat.
Appetite is good, the weight rate for a cat is from 3.5 to 7 kg, for a cat from 2.5 to 5 kg. Prone to constipation, it is recommended to add a few milliliters of vaseline oil per day. There should always be clean drinking water.
Mating British Britons is dangerous for the young body.
In general, mating and childbirth are easy.
Who should start?
The pet does not require constant attention, it differs from other breeds in particular independence, it can be left alone for a long time, therefore it will suit people who spend a lot of time at work outside the home. If required, they can be excellent micelles and rat catchers.
The animal is quiet, meows quietly and rarely, but quite playful - it shows interest in outdoor games until late age.
Characteristic obstinacy, it is necessary to educate from an early age.
How to choose
When buying, you should pay attention to the pedigree of a British kitten and its state of health: the coat should be thick, not dull, eyes without secretions, scissor bite, canines properly positioned.
The nose should be without a hump - visually it should look short, it should be smooth to the touch from nose to forehead.
The norm is a slight banding in a kitten of a monochromatic color, especially on the tail - it will disappear with time. Kittens at the age of 4 months go through the first molt, the eye color begins to change - the process will be completed by the year.
It is not recommended to take a kitten from a cat under the age of 1 month in order not to undermine its immunity.
It is optimal to buy a pet from 2 months of age, the future breeding animal - from 6 months.
British cats weight
1. Our Briton is 2 years old, weighs 6 kg, and how much should he weigh at this age?
Answer: The normal weight of a British cat should be 5-8 kg.
The maximum weight is reached by the 4th year. The weight of cats is usually less.
2. And how much should a kitten weigh at 6 months
Answer: The normal weight of a cat at the age of 6 months is 2.5-3 kg.
3. We bought a kitten, he is 3 months old, but he is some small. What size should be British in three months?
Answer: in three months, on average, a British kitten weighs 1.5 kg-2 kg.
However, the weight depends on the sex - cats are smaller than cats, on heredity - how big his parents are, on food, diseases, etc. Find out what the kitten fed in the nursery. Sometimes the correct nutritional errors can be corrected with proper nutrition, and your kitten will gain the necessary weight.
4. I now have a great British kitten 3 months.
Tell me how much should he weigh? And how can I find a suitable table for further weight control and development?
Answer: British cats can differ by weight almost twice.
In addition, cats weigh more than cats. We present the average data: 1 month - 0.5-0.7 kg 2 months. - 1.2-1.5 kg, 4 months. - 2 kg, 6 months. - 3 kg, 9 months. - 4 kg, 12 months. - 5 kg, 2 years - 6 kg.
My cat will soon be 3 months old, but he is very skinny about 1.2 kg, we gave him worms yesterday, tell me how soon he will start to gain weight and how much should he weigh in 3 months?
Answer: if your cat has a normal appetite, then there is nothing to worry about.