Fortunately, today not only emperors and grandees can afford the luxury of decorative chicken. Today, Chinese feathered dwarfs are grown all over the world, but a few centuries ago, this variety was so small that some poultry farmers didn’t see that they didn’t even see the feathered beauty.
In antiquity, almost all Eastern rulers loved to create unusual animals in their gardens and farmsteads. In those days, the presence of such a bird was considered a luxury, and its content could not afford the usual Chinese.
The privilege to possess the family of these ornamental hens belonged only to the emperor and his relatives. For a long time, no one can get a wonder, but as a result of the Anglo-Chinese war, or rather due to its end, winged beauties were able to penetrate the territory of Europe.
The emperor of China presented a gift to the most beautiful representatives of his flock to the Queen of England, in order to finally consolidate the end of the war and peace between the two countries. Therefore, for the first time, European countries were able to see the unusual Cochin-Dwarf birds only in 1860.
Later, tiny beauties were brought to Europe again, and this happened in 1884. From a small family of birds, it was possible to produce an entire European population.
Because of this, the chicken has spread throughout Eurasia, has become popular in America and today its population is not as small as before.
Farmers, familiar with the standard representatives of the Cochins, often mistakenly believe that their reduced copy has the same characteristics. In fact, it is not. Keys have their own individual characteristics, both in appearance and in productivity, character, and other characteristics.
Consider what is special about their appearance.
Exterior of Cochinkin Dwarf Chickens
- First, consider the features of physique. Feathered beauties have an unusual body shape. It is planted quite low, has a V-shaped, due to the deep breast, graceful neck and short back. The breast is round, well developed. Hips and legs are also pronounced.
- Emphasizes the lush forms of rich plumage, which extends not only throughout the body, but also on the paws. The tail and wings are miniature, short, the lower part of the body is covered with fluffy down. Due to the fact that the lower part of the body and paws are abundantly fledged, the legs are almost imperceptible under them, and it seems that the birds are crawling rather than walking on the ground. Due to the lush plumage, the leaves look much larger and larger, although their weight is very small. The average dwarf hen can weigh up to 700 grams.
- Kokhinhinskih babies have a miniature head, in comparison with the volume of the body. The earlobes are light shades, and the neat comb and rounded earrings are red. Small, straight and wide beak.
Exterior of cockerels Cochinchin dwarf
- In their physique the leaders of the herd are different from the ladies. Their bodies are stocky, more elongated than those of chickens. Breast less bulky, long neck. Landing is also squat due to very short paws. In terms of weight, adult males are also different, about 100-150 grams.
- The heads of the leaders are as small as those of the quotas. The only difference is that they have developed a comb and earrings. Also distinguish large eyes, the color of which may be different, depending on color.
- The plumage is no less magnificent than that of winged beauties, but the only difference is that the roosters have a more pronounced tail and wings. The paws are also covered with a thick feather, because of which it seems that there are none at all.
Kids-kohi are presented in various variants of color, as well as their large relatives. Consider what colors winged dwarfs are.
According to the standard, the ears should be covered with completely white feathers and the same down. The snow-white color does not allow the presence of any blotches.
Contrast colors are monochromatic, black, with greenish tint. The presence of gray down and feathers is permissible in the lower part of the body. Charcoal dark clubs are distinguished by a red-orange, saturated eye color.
Very popular color. Birds are dressed in fawn coats, reddish, with a lighter fluff. The eyes of such individuals are also orange, saturated color. Paws and beak gray-yellow. Fawn may have an uneven shade of a fur coat, but the presence of blotches of a different color gamut is unacceptable and is a reason for rejection.
Incredibly beautiful variety of colors. Feathers are gray with a blue tint, of the same intensity, throughout the body. Only fluff a few shades lighter. Blue crumbs are few, and therefore valued much higher for their unique decorative qualities.
The name itself suggests the idea that Klush coats are colored black and white. Birch layers are also unique and have a beautiful, striped pattern on the mane.
An interesting species. Fur coats are similar to those of wild partridges, so this species got this name. There are various shades - from chocolate to yellow.
Cochinquin dwarf not only beautiful, but also is the owner of a wonderful temper. Chickens are calm and graceful, not prone to aggression, but on the contrary, they can remain indifferent even in stressful circumstances.
Kohi manual, literally. They are very affectionate, quickly get used to people and painfully tolerate a change of owner.
Puberty and laying
Decorative chicken is rarely combined with excellent user qualities such as precociousness, high performance. Miniature layers are no exception. Winged Chinese Cochinkhinus dwarfy begin laying eggs from about the 7th month of life.
They produce tiny testicles, about 30 grams each. Incubation may be larger. During the first year of laying, about 70-80 eggs in a brown shell can be obtained from mini-layers.
Chinese hens can serve as an example for some representatives of the animal world. Selfless quotes gladly deal with the issues of motherhood, take good care of the hatched chickens and help them to settle in this world. Every year, miniature moms can show a desire to hatch testicles several times. But this does not mean that it is easy to propagate the Chinese.
Only professionals or poultry farmers with experience can be engaged in cultivation of this species. Difficulties arise not so much at the stage of rearing the pups, as in the process of fertilization of the testicles.
Formation of the parent family is made in the ratio of 1: 4, that is, 1 rooster is needed for 4 hens in order to obtain a high percentage of fertilized eggs.
In addition, it is important to strictly observe the storage rules for the incubation material, since the slightest disturbances in the temperature regime can lead to the fact that the chicken does not hatch from the egg.
Chickens Cochinchik dwarf
The birth of chickens requires that the farmer carefully plan and prepare for the tiny chicks everything you need in advance.
Chicks are born very small and sensitive, and until they get stronger, you need to carefully care for and properly feed the babies. Living conditions for chicks are needed the same as for babies of other breeds.
Feed the "newborns" on the first day, but after 5-6 hours. The first feedings consist of boiled yolk, ground with small cereals, wheat or corn. After a couple of days, the diet is enriched with herbs and begin to regularly add calcium and vitamins for successful growth and maintaining health.
Taking into account the fact that chicks differ in size from their relatives, they need to give chopped feed longer, preferably a crumbly consistency, so that they do not stick inside the goiter, because of which the crumbs often crush. From 2-3 weeks they begin to expand the range of products used in feeding.
Kids walking with mom are pecking insects with pleasure, trying to eat worms, greens and small pebbles and grains of sand necessary for proper digestion.
We should not expect rapid growth from small Chinese. In a week such cubs can gain no more than 50-70 grams of weight, and such indicators are observed only from the 4th week of life. Babies continue to grow up to about 8-9 months.
The diet of an adult herd
There are no features and special requirements for feeding adult kokhs. They eat the same things as other chickens, but if they build their diet properly, their health will be stronger, and decorative potential will be revealed to the maximum.
Here are tips on feeding.
- In no case can not overfeed babies, and even more so to use too fatty and high-calorie foods. Because of this, the hens swim in fat, which can entail a number of negative consequences. Fatty slices are urgently planted on a vegetable diet, complementing the menu with a small amount of low-calorie germinated grains.
- The main product of the menu is cereals, or special feed mixtures, which contain not only crushed grains, but also meal, protein, mineral and vitamin supplements. This product should be about 65-70% of the daily volume of food.
- To maintain the beauty of plumage and health, care must be taken to ensure that foods contain fats, vitamins and minerals.
Maintenance and care
The poultry breeder who decided to start such beauties in his poultry house must initially be prepared for the fact that this is the easiest thing to do. Fluffy babes require a lot of attention, and their decorative fur coats without care can lose their chic. Some tips on quitting are listed below.
- It is necessary to equip the house so that it is spacious, clean, dry and warm. For spending the night make high roost. It is important to use the bar for roosts thinner than usual, so that hens with tiny paws would be comfortable to climb and fix on while sleeping. Outdoor content is unacceptable, because of this, the appearance of beauties suffers greatly.
- Particular attention should be paid to the arrangement of walking. For the exercise yard, an elevated place is chosen so that during the rainy season the moisture does not stand and the swamp does not form. The pad is covered with a thick layer of sand, or sown with greens. Be sure to install several boxes filled with ashes and sand in the yard and in the house so that the ladies could clean their feathers there.
- It is important to pay attention to the prevention of infection by parasites. In the lush head of hair they have somewhere to roam, and infection in some cases may even lead to the death of the herd. For example, infection with lice is a deadly disease.
- In winter, the house is additionally heated only during the most frosty periods, when the temperature outside the house is below -12 degrees.
Shedding and breaking egg production
The natural defensive reaction of the organism of the hens is the suspension of masonry for the period of molting. In spite of the fact that fluffs molt painlessly and relatively quickly, there is no point in waiting for testicles during this period.
But the Cochin Dwarf is not carried not only during the molt. In the cold season, they also stop their egg activity.
The most dangerous for the family is considered a parasitic infection. Fleas, ticks, lice - all of this is a danger to the beauty and health of the livestock. Preventive treatments are recommended at least 1 time per month.
The herd has no predisposition for other diseases.
Advantages and disadvantages
If we talk about ornamental chickens, dwarf Cochinchins are distinguished from others by their visual appeal and are also good because they have good health and can endure the cold. But you can not call them perfect.
The tendency to obesity, the need for specialized care and high cost - these are qualities that can be attributed to the minuses.
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General description of the breed and conditions of housing chickens
Cochinquin - beautiful chickens with original appearance. Body type these birds are large and massive, which distinguishes them from other breeds. Another feature is the chic and fluffy tail of the roosters, and completely feather-covered legs. The head of these birds is small, the transition from the neck to the shoulders has the form of a strong bend. The color of the beak is yellow.
Chickens of this breed are calm, and do not cause trouble to farmers, reviews of which can be viewed below. Kokhinkhinov not meet on large poultry farms. More often they are kept in homestead farms as decorative chickens.
Cochinquins, like Orpingtons, cannot fly, so they can avoid building high fences.. These chickens hibernate beautifully in non-insulated poultry houses. Make sure that the room does not have high humidity, as this will negatively affect the condition of feathers on the legs. These chickens live quietly in the cages, but the farmers almost never use this content of the Cochin breed.
Characteristics of growing productivity
The main direction of the breed Cochin - meat. Here is main characteristics of chicken productivity:
- females reach weight 4 kg, males - 5 kg (Dwarf Cochinquins weigh no more than 1.2 kg),
- one chicken per season gives up hundreds of eggs, and during the winter period egg production rises,
- average the weight of each egg - about 55 grams, the shell is painted in a light brown color.
Chickens with this color are most common. The plumage has a bright and saturated yellow color, so they are often called Kochinqui pale yellow, but the tail is slightly darker. The beak should have the same shade in which the feathers of the bird are painted. Any white, black or other blotches are considered marriage, such chickens do not take part in breeding.
Blue Cochinquins - unusual and beautiful chickens. Feathers and tail are painted evenly. Wings, neck, head may have a black color. White color of down is allowed. The beak is yellow. Marriage is the presence of white markings in the tail, and a yellowish shade of feathers.
In the breed Cochin distributed black color. All feathers, including the stem, should be black with a slightly greenish tinge. Undesirable purple reflux. The color of the fluff may be white, but only if it is not visible from under the main pen. The beak of birds is yellow or dark. Marriage is considered to be a brownish tint of a feather.
Chickens of such a motley color are less common. The head of the cocks is striped, painted in brown-red color. The feathers on the neck should be rich golden. Each feather has a black longitudinal stripe. Fly feathers must be brown on the outside and black on the inside. The chest, tail and abdomen are black-brown, the down is gray.
Chickens are not so saturated. Their plumage should have a uniform golden brown color. On each feather there is a border repeating its outline. The neck and tail are darker than the main color (closer to black).
Marriage of partridge considered the presence of red or red in color (in roosters), the lack of characteristic rims on feathers, white blotches, light belly and chest.
Cochinks of this color must have absolutely white plumage. Any extraneous inclusions are not allowed. Individuals that have feathers of a different color are necessarily excluded from breeding. The beak and tarsus of the white Cochins are yellow.
Dwarf Cochin Quinces
Dwarf Cochinquin is a separate independent breed. Such chickens are considered decorative. Like the standard Cochinchins, these birds have a strong build, lush plumage and various colors: white, black, birch, striped, brown, marble.
The maximum weight of an adult rooster is 1.2 kg, and the chickens, 800 g. Dwarf Cochinchins carry only about 80 eggs per year, and the weight of one egg does not exceed 30 grams. The shell, like the standard Cochinquins, is light brown.
Features breeding and nutrition
Chickens of this breed adapt to any conditions of detention, so there are no new requirements for the arrangement of housing. Cochinquins winter well in ordinary non-insulated premises. There is only one feature - the roosts should not be high, as these chickens do not know how to fly.
Cochinquin's diet does not differ from other breeds.However, farmers should remember that because of their calm temper these chickens are prone to obesity. If your birds are gaining extra weight, you should limit their food.
If the chickens feed on feed, it must be in the feeders all the time. In summer, the bird eats green fodder with pleasure, in winter they are replaced with crushed hay. It is useful to give germinated grain to chickens. Give the bird a boiled carrot (you can substitute a pumpkin), potatoes.
Также в рацион входят следующие ингредиенты: жмых, мука (мясокостная, рыбная, костная), зерно (дробленое и цельное), дрожжи кормовые, отруби. Обязательно около кормушек для взрослых птиц в отдельной посуде должен стоять гравий.
Выращивание породы Кохинхин в настоящее время направлено на сохранение и улучшение существующего поголовья. In the breeding work using only the most prominent representatives.
Treatment of diseases
Cochins, like any other bird, are susceptible to many diseases. Here are the most common ones:
- Salmonellosis. Symptoms: indigestion, weight loss, reduced egg production. The disease is treated with antibiotics, sick birds are isolated, the rooms are treated with disinfectants.
- Tuberculosis. Symptoms: loss of appetite, lethargy, paralysis of the limbs, decreased productivity. Tuberculosis is rarely treated as the drugs are expensive.
- Pasteurellosis. Symptoms: severe thirst, lethargy, refusal to eat, feces becoming greenish yellow with blood patches, foam can be released from the nose. Juveniles die within a few days after the first signs. For treatment, chickens are injected with antibiotics and hyperimmune serum.
- Colibacteriosis Symptoms: lethargy, refusal to eat, mucous membranes acquire a bluish tinge, birds begin to choke. There is no cure. Sick chickens are sent for slaughter, and furatsilin solution and antibiotics are drunk as a prophylaxis for health.
- Parasitic diseases. The main sign of the presence of parasites is diarrhea, sometimes mixed with blood. Such diseases are treated with antiparasitic drugs.
Advantages and disadvantages of the breed
The advantages of birds include: excellent taste of meat, unpretentiousness and endurance, increased egg production in the winter, developed hatching instincts for eggs, minimum requirements for walking size, beautiful and original appearance.
There are not many drawbacks to the Cochinquin breed. These include: a tendency to obesity, late ripeness, difficult breeding work (it’s almost impossible to maintain the breed qualities at the required level at home, so chickens will probably not have to be sold), the high cost of the young.
Poultry farmers reviews
Farmers celebrateCochins are similar to the Brahma breed, but have a little more weight. A small egg production is a significant minus for many poultry farmers. Due to the fact that there are very few chickens of this breed, it is sometimes difficult to find a truly thoroughbred bird. Farmers advise purchase chickens only on breeding farms.
Chickens breed Cochin will become main decoration your personal subsidiary farm. They are unpretentious, calm and peaceful, in addition, their meat has excellent taste.
For the first time these chickens came to Europe only in 1860 as a gift to the Queen of England as a sign of the end of the Anglo-Chinese war.
After 24 years, twelve Dwarf Kochinhins were brought to England again, but this time by Chinese traders who were selling spices. Since that time, amazing birds began to actively breed throughout Eurasia.
In their appearance, the Dwarf Coquinchs resemble little fluffy balls that do not walk, but “creep”. This impression is due to the fact that these birds have a round body and abundant plumage not only on the stomach, back and wings, but also on the legs.
The head of the rooster is small, on it is a strong strong beak of bright yellow color. Representatives with dark plumage may have a light dark patina on their beak. On the head is an erect comb with evenly spaced teeth and deep cuts.
The face has a red color, the same color is rounded earrings and ear lobes. Eyes are yellow or bright orange, sometimes they may be brown (in specimens with black plumage), deep set. The neck of the males of the Dwarf Kochinh short, covered with a lush mane, which falls beautifully on the shoulders and back.
Roosters have a massive and wide body that is slightly tilted forward. In the lumbar region, the back is slightly raised and smoothly passes into the tail. Plumage on the loins is very fluffy and plentiful. The tail feathers on the tail are evenly arranged in a circle, and the braids have the same length as the steering feathers or are slightly longer. Because of this, it seems that the tail of a male Dwarf Kochinquin resembles a ball in shape.
The chest is wide, the belly is full and soft. The wings are also wide, but the plumage on them is short. They seem to be "immersed" in the down, located on the bird's torso. The legs are very massive, but short, strongly fledged, the “cuffs” are developed. Hops are also abundantly fledged, yellow in color (sometimes brown in representatives with dark plumage).
Dwarf kohinh hens are more massive and are planted lower than cocks, so they look very stocky. The feather cover is soft and loose, the body has a greater inclination than the males. Lumbar pillows are full and lush, and this gives even more massive females of this breed.
Like the roosters, the earrings and the comb are red, but they are much smaller in size than the males. The rest of the hens have the same characteristics as the roosters.
Often, chickens of the Dwarf Kochinquin breed show signs that do not meet breed standards. These include the following:
- narrow body and high seating,
- back and chest are long and flat
- a long tail that does not have a circle shape,
- white earlobes,
- dark color of the legs,
- scanty plumage on the paws,
- dark bloom on the beak of light-colored individuals.
Dwarf Kochinquin is of two varieties: smooth and curly. The latter each feather as if curled out, so it seems that the bird looks even more magnificent than its sleek relative.
There are also:
Females of the Dwarf Kochinqua breed are good chicks, therefore the use of an incubator is not necessary. However, this does not mean that breeding these chickens is simple.
Problems arise at the stage of fertilization of eggs and the selection of incubation material.
If you are not confident in your abilities, then it is better to buy chickens from trusted breeders.
To get eggs suitable for hatching, one hen is given to four hens. If there are more females, the percentage of unfertilized eggs will increase significantly. Also, when selecting eggs for incubation, the weight of the eggs is important - only those that weigh at least 35-40 g should be selected. It is also important that they are of the correct shape, without deformation, with a strong shell. In addition, it is necessary to strictly observe the storage time of hatching eggs.
After the chicks hatch, the mother hen will care for them, warm and train them. You can completely trust her chickens and not worry that the bird will throw them or crush them.
Chickens of the Dwarf Kohinkhin grow very slowly; they gain up to 70 g of weight per week. Growth continues up to 7-9 months of life. Chicks are fed the same way as other chickens - grain flour, mashed boiled yolk and cottage cheese, etc.
If for some reason you cannot get chickens of the Pygmy Kokhinhin breed or you don’t like any particularities of these birds, then we advise you to turn your attention to breeds that have similar features to the Dwarf Cochinchins in one way or another:
- Milfleur is an unusual bird that attracts breeders for its unusual appearance. This is a dwarf breed, which, like the Dwarf Cochinquins, has magnificent plumage on the body and legs. But, unlike them, the Milfleur breed chickens have very low egg production (about 12 eggs a year), so these birds are suitable only for breeders who wish to have a beautiful pet.
- The small tongue is also a dwarf breed that has an original appearance. They are highly productive - 120 eggs per year and 1 kg of body weight. Therefore, if you want to have not only a beautiful, but also a useful bird, then turn your attention to this breed.
- Shabot - these chickens also have a very interesting and unusual appearance. Especially distinguished by their short legs and perpendicular tail located. The productivity at the level of Dwarf Kochinchins is approximately 80 eggs per year.
By what signs can one distinguish the sex of chickens? We told about it here.
The hen house is different from a chicken coop for broilers. How to make a barn for laying hens, you will learn by reading our article.
Preparation for the exhibition
Since the Dwarf Kochinquin is a decorative breed, the owners of these unusual chickens often participate in exhibitions. It is necessary to make sure that the individual does not have any unacceptable signs (we described them above).
Also worth taking care of an attractive appearance. To do this, chickens no earlier than 48 hours before the event bathe. After that, the birds of the curly variety can be dried with a hairdryer. It is not recommended to do similar manipulations with representatives of a smooth breed, as their down will curl and the bird will look unpresentable. It is better to allow the plumage to dry naturally.
In addition, care should be taken that chickens are not afraid of large crowds. Dwarf Coquinos have a soft and friendly character, they quickly get used to their hosts, but there will be a lot of people at the exhibition and, moreover, they will take it to the jury for examination. The best way to prepare for the exhibition will be communication with children.
The origin of the breed of chicken Kokhinkhin
According to the basic version, the initial region of appearance of the breed is the Cochin China region, located in the extreme south of modern Vietnam. True, there is an alternative version, according to which these chickens come from China. It is proved that, at least, the dwarf Kochinquin was precisely bred at the palace of Chinese emperors as an ornamental bird. (However, many consider the dwarf kohinhina a completely separate breed.)
One way or another, but in the middle of the 19th century, these birds, already well-known in Southeast Asia, first came to Europe. Very quickly, exotic-looking Kokhinkhins gained enormous popularity among Western poultry farmers, especially in English-speaking countries. First, the magnificent plumage and the overall appearance unusual for European chickens immediately made them the decorative breed No. 1 of that time. Secondly, possessing a rather massive physique, the Cochin-quins were used to create highly productive meat breeds.
At the end of the last century, these birds finally reached Russia, where amateur breeders were also very fond of, and breeders, in their turn, began experimenting on the development of new domestic meat breeds on their basis.
By modern standards, the Cochin chickens have too low productivity, so they are not of particular interest to industrial chicken producers. Today, they are mainly used as decorative birds, and are also sometimes attracted to participate in experiments on the breeding of new highly productive chicken breeds and crosses. But the main crosses are still created without the participation of this breed.
In addition, many modern breeds of chickens carry in their genes a significant portion of the heritage derived precisely from the Cochinquins. This influence is especially noticeable in hen breeds of Brahma, which a non-specialist can easily confuse with the Cochin.
In comparison with the highly productive cross hens, which are used in modern industrial poultry farming, the productive characteristics of Cochinhah are not impressive. At the peak of its egg production, the chicken gives an average of about 100-120 dark brown eggs per year with a mass of one egg at 50-60 g. Moreover, unlike its other relatives, the kohinhin breed chickens are most actively carried not in summer, but in winter and spring .
The average weight of females is 3.5-4 kg, cocks - 4.3-5 kg. The young growth is growing at an average rate, reaching a mass of about 2.5 kg by the end of the fourth month. Puberty also occurs rather late, which makes them not the most suitable breed for producing eggs.
Although these birds have very tasty meat, they produce quite a lot of fat from one carcass, as the breed is prone to obesity.
Content of Kokhinhin chickens
One of the reasons for the popularity of this breed is its simplicity to the conditions of detention and feed. Although the Cochinquans come from a hot tropical climate, the plump plumage allows them to feel comfortable enough even in the conditions of the Russian central belt and the north. In winter, it is enough for them to have an ordinary insulated coop without heating. However, it should be remembered that Kohinquin chickens fledge rather slowly, so special conditions should be provided for them, excluding the possibility of hypothermia.
An important advantage of the breed, which favorably distinguishes it from others, is undemanding to walking. These birds feel great in cramped conditions, so if you want in the winter they can not even let out on the street. In the summer, they will need only a very small walking area.
As mentioned earlier, the Cochins do not like flying at all. Rather, they simply cannot do this because of the large mass of their bodies and the weak plumage of their wings. For this reason, they need to ensure the easiest access to the perches, since these birds cannot hop on high poles.
The famous unpretentiousness of the Cochinmen is particularly well manifested in the preparation of their diet. These chickens eagerly eat any food that you give them. However, this is to a certain extent a lack of breed, since the owner has to keep an eye on the balanced nutrition. Besides the fact that you need to saturate the feed with all the necessary minerals and vitamins, it is also important to ensure that the bird is not fat.
For the rest, the rules for the maintenance of kokhinhin do not fundamentally differ from the generally accepted ones.
Prospects for breeding in Russia
If the Cohinquins are evaluated on the basis of their requirements for the issues of care, maintenance and feeding, then for our country this breed fits quite well. Chickens are not hot in the southern regions and not cold in the northern ones. At the same time, they easily tolerate any conditions of detention - both cellular and walking.
As for the productivity of these birds, then everything is not so clear. Taking into account the fact that the Kokhinkhin breed has a mediocre egg production and gains weight for a long time, it is absolutely unpromising to choose it just for the sake of getting eggs or meat. Much more valuable is the luxurious appearance of the Cochinquins. If the bird interests you primarily for ornamental purposes, then the Cochin here manifest themselves very worthily. And here already mediocre productivity indicators will not be a disadvantage, since in general they are not so bad.
In the course of breeding, chickens acquired a large build, strong bones and thick plumage. They differ from other breeds by wide breasts and back, they have a beautiful body curve. Kohinquin's cock has a small scallop, fluffy tail with small feathers. The structure of the tail in chickens is similar.
Large birds with developed harmonious physique and royal posture. The main pride of the rooster - tail with sickle feathers. In this they differ from many other meat breeds. Scallop does not have a specific standard for the size and number of teeth. The body of the chicken is rounded, with long glossy feathers, eyes deep-seated. The rooster has strong and elongated thighs and ankle, set relatively wide. In chickens, limbs are slightly smaller.
Farmers have noticed a downward trend in the growth of Cochinquin, which negatively affects their breed.
In young chickens the down coating process is slow. Chickens for a long time are bare without feathers. Adults have enough fluffy plumage, which helps to adapt to any climate.
This kind of quinquin is different in size. Their feathers are longer and hang almost to the ground, their limbs are short, and sometimes the impression is that the chicken is swimming, not walking. Feathers mini breed fluffy and soft. The color range is very different from yellow to black, but more often this variety has a bright yellow color.
Cochinha care unpretentious, and maintain them is not difficult. The coop must be warm, with additional lighting. It is necessary to maintain a normal level of humidity in the room. Cochinquins cannot fly, and they do not need high shelves for roost. The floor in the house must be wooden, it will help keep the hens legs healthy and not spoil the plumage.
If the house is too crowded, the bird eventually becomes curved in the wings and leads to a shortening of the longitudinal feathers.
Birds withstand the cold, and this does not affect the performance of egg production. The desired temperature in the house in winter is 12-16 degrees, humidity 55%. The lower limit for the bird is allowed at minus 2 degrees, maximum plus 25 degrees.
Prolonged heating adversely affects the health of birds!
Good ventilation is established in the chicken coop, since the lack of fresh air leads to the multiplication of infectious diseases. In winter, you can not heat, the main thing - that the room was well insulated. It is known that Kochinquin chickens need good conditions in order to avoid hypothermia.
The advantage of the varieties of this breed is that they do not require a long walk. With a high density in the house feel good, in the cold season you can not walk.
Осенью куры линяют, продолжатся этот процесс примерно месяц. В это время наступает затишье в яйценоскости. Трудный период нужно поддержать богатым рационом с витаминами и микроэлементами.
Для развития и роста кохинхина подойдут мягкие корма. Chickens fatten ready-made complete feed, which affects their lifespan. Upon reaching two weeks of age, soft food is added to the diet. It is based on bread and kitchen waste, boiled peel of potatoes. In these mash put greens, cereals, vitamin-mineral complex. This feeding is combined with the evening meal with whole grain and becomes constant throughout the birds.
To keep bones strong and feathers thick, maximum protein is added to food from week 16. Animal protein is yogurt, cottage cheese, reverse, meat and bone and fish meal. As soon as the chicken is fed, the protein content in the diet is reduced. This affects their body constitution and feather color.
Add summer vegetables: boiled carrots, pumpkin, zucchini. If the main food of chickens is mixed feed, it is necessary to regularly feed the feed in the feeders. In summer, the bird has greens, in winter it is fed with ground hay. Near the feeders in a separate container put the gravel.
At the time of puberty, you need to monitor the diet and fatten chickens separately from roosters.
Before they mature, they are kept together, then separated. Roosters require high protein content in food, chickens on the contrary - soldering trim. To avoid problems with reproductive function, it is impossible to overfeed birds. This also happens if there is a shortage of protein and nutrients. If you often walk and observe the power of unpleasant moments can be avoided.
Lodging and walking room
In the room always need to maintain order and cleanliness. Do not allow moisture to get into the litter; litter should be cleaned regularly.
The birds are quite calm, it is important to step from place to place. Place for walking birds should be free.
A long stay in the sun adversely affects the color of the plumage of fawn and white chickens, but these are only assumptions. Before the onset of cold weather, the coop must be warmed and supported inside the room by additional lighting. To prevent the comb from being damaged, it is advised to keep chickens and roosters separately.
When selecting for selection, the bird must meet the required standards: the general appearance of the bird, the color of the plumage, study the size of the scallop and wings.
Which birds are not allowed:
- with narrow and small body,
- with poorly developed chest,
- the birds have a long back,
- feathers loose,
- lobes are not bright colors
- eyes strongly bulged,
- scallop large and coarse.
For the Kochinqui breed, good living conditions, a balanced diet and care are necessary. Only under this condition can all their qualities be preserved with new breeding of birds.
Video review on the breed of chickens Cochinhin.