Conjunctivitis is an inflammatory process that affects the inner mucous membrane of the eye, called conjunctiva. If you notice that the cat is constantly trying to rub (scratch) the eye, which is swollen, tears abundantly, and secretions from the mucous membrane accumulate in the corners of the orbit, then purulent character, welcome to the vet - these are signs of developing inflammation.
The main causes of conjunctivitis are:
- injuries, foreign objects, bruises, sand or ground pollution (mechanical factors),
- irritation of zenica with various chemicals (acids, toxic fumes or gases),
- systemic bacterial / viral infections,
- microbial invasion of the damaged conjunctiva with the development of an independent purulent process,
- transition of inflammation from adjacent tissues and body parts,
- allergic reactions.
Main symptoms of conjunctival inflammation
Clinical manifestations of conjunctivitis in their strength depend on the course of the disease:
- spicy the course is accompanied by a sudden onset and strong clinical signs of inflammation with copious secretions,
- subacute the course is clinically a little weaker than acute
- chronic the course is characterized by slow development, a long course and a mild clinic.
Common symptoms of all conjunctivitis in a cat:
- inflammation of the mucous membranes in the eyes, their active redness,
- increased tearing,
- various kinds of discharge - from mucous to yellow-green purulent,
- Constant attempts of the cat to "wash" the eye or scratch it (rub),
- sour eyes after sleeping, gluing dried pus,
- pain when blinking, squinting, fear of light,
- sometimes a hazy film on the cornea is visible.
By the nature of eye secretions, you can easily determine the causative agent of the disease with the further determination of the initial cause of inflammation:
- purulent discharge due to the presence of a bacterial infection,
- serous (turbid and liquid) secretions accompany viral infections,
- mucous membranes Allergic conjunctivitis in cats is usually accompanied by secretions.
If conjunctivitis is not a primary disease, then the clinic will be dominated by the symptoms of another primary disease, and conjunctivitis will become concomitant.
One such example is chlamydial conjunctivitis in cats. Inflammation in cat chlamydia affects not only the organs of sight, but also the entire upper respiratory tract - the throat and nasopharynx. At first one eye reddens and swells up, in a few days the second one joins it. Redness goes into enhanced blood supply of the conjunctiva. The brightest and heaviest clinic appears between 8-13 days, then the symptoms subside over the next 2-3 weeks. With a weakened immunity, the clinic can be maintained for a very long time, despite the treatment.
The diagnosis of such conjunctivitis is made after laboratory microscopy of secretions from under the conjunctiva, during which chlamydia is detected. Treatment will only be effective if this type of bacteria is detected and specific antimicrobials are used.
Species of feline conjunctivitis for selected clinical symptoms
Conjunctivitis in cats, depending on the clinical course, is:
- Catarrhal in acute course. The eye swells, there is tearing, which turns into a discharge of thick and cloudy exudate (fluid). Selections accumulate in the eye corners, form lumps, and after a long sleep they can glue the eyelids of a cat due to drying. If such conjunctivitis is not treated, the acute form will become chronic.
- Catarrhal chronic. Discharge in the eyes are noted in small quantities, but regularly. Often marked in the corners already in the dried state. Inflammation with swelling expressed distinctly. Due to prolonged tearing, inflammation passes to the eyelids until the hair falls around the eyes.
- Purulent conjunctivitis often affects both eyes at once. In addition to the classical conjunctival clinic, the animal has a decrease in appetite, lethargy, low blink rate due to pain, jumps in general body temperature, severe swelling of the orbit, apparently purulent discharge with a repulsive odor, bright red conjunctiva and the eyeball itself.
- Follicular conjunctivitis in cats, it is the most severe form of the disease. This form of the disease is accompanied by narrowing of the eye itself, pus flows from all sides due to the eyeball, accumulating under the lower eyelid, not only in the corners, eyelid edema, severe redness of the mucous membrane and the eyeball itself, increased soreness and muscle spasm of the eyelids.
- Parenchymal inflammation covers almost completely the entire eye socket. In addition to swelling and redness of the mucous membranes, conjunctival bleeding is noted. With failure to provide timely treatment, the cat may be completely blind.
- Allergic Conjunctivitis differs from all other species in the absence of marked edema and copious tearing with transparent secretions. If you are late with antihistamine therapy and do not eliminate a potential allergen, this type of conjunctivitis may turn into any of the above.
The diagnosis is usually made on the basis of pronounced clinical signs of the disease. In some cases, laboratory analysis of secretions from the eyes is carried out to determine the exact pathogen in order to increase the effectiveness of antimicrobial therapy.
The first thing to do is to gently rinse the diseased eye with a slightly pink solution of manganese or boric acid. With the same solution, with cotton swabs or cotton disks, soften and carefully remove the formed purulent dried crusts. For washing use:
- pale pink solution of potassium permanganate,
- furatsillina solution (0.5 g of powder in 2.5 liters of warm boiled water),
- boric acid solution (0.5 tsp of boric powder for 1 cup of cooled boiled water).
From the means of traditional medicine for washing the eyes you can use not strong decoctions of chamomile or calendula (1 tsp of grass is drawn into 0.5 l of boiling water, cooled to a warm state). Only after cleansing can you use local drugs prescribed by a doctor.
To relieve pain under the lower eyelid, you can drip 2-3 drops of 2% novocaine (often available in a human medicine chest). This not only relieves the eyeball, but also relieves the swelling a little. Drip no more than two times a day.
On this self-help first aid to a cat with conjunctivitis is over. It is impossible to self-medicate and drip any drops to cats in the eyes, not knowing the exact reason why the infection is caused. Home treatment of conjunctivitis is possible only prescribed by a veterinarian drugs.
Incorrectly selected drug used for self-treatment can distort the clinical picture of the disease, which will further complicate the procedure for making a correct diagnosis to a veterinarian.
Drug treatment of conjunctivitis in cats
How to treat conjunctivitis in cats determines only a veterinary specialist! Therapy is carried out immediately in two eyes, regardless of the difference in their defeat, and even if one side is visually healthy.
- The basic principle of treatment of all primary conjunctivitis is almost the same.
- There is one difference: in case of purulent and follicular lesions of the eyes, as well as chlamydia, along with local antibiotic therapy, a common one is administered - antimicrobial drugs orally or intramuscularly.
If conjunctivitis is a concomitant symptom of any other disease, then none of the known drugs will cure it if the underlying disease is not eliminated.
First, the eyes are washed as described above, then the medication help for conjunctivitis is:
- Pain relief
- Corticosteroid therapy.
- Local antimicrobial therapy (eye drops and ointments).
- General antibiotic therapy.
- Tissue therapy for protracted chronic processes.
- Retrobulbar blockade (according to Aurorov).
Retrobulbar blockade with novocaine according to Aurora
The essence of the blockade is in the injection injection of 3-4 ml of 0.5% novocaine into the space behind the eyeball, where muscles, fat and nerves are located through the eyelid. Conducted only by a specialist! Repeated injection is done after 4-5 days, but usually enough once. Gives a very good healing effect.
Feline conjunctivitis is a serious contagious disease that needs to be given proper attention. The main point of timely treatment is to prevent the animal from losing sight.
Causes of conjunctivitis in Fuzzies
Conjunctivitis is a mucous membrane pathology. It is expressed in redness and inflammation. For the correct treatment of conjunctivitis in a kitten, you should determine the source of the pathology, its main cause. The disease is sometimes provoked by bacteria, mainly staphylococcus, viruses, parasitic and fungal infections in the body. Even banal allergy, substances that have entered the eyelids (detergents, paints, etc.), foreign bodies (dust, sand) become the culprit of conjunctivitis. Trauma can also lead to the development of this disease.
If treatment is prescribed, without having established the exact cause of the disease, it can turn to the chronic form and periodically recur in the form of relapses. Gradually, the disease can spread to the iris and the entire eye, which in the worst case scenario causes a decrease in vision.
There are a number of symptoms that are related to conjunctivitis of any kind. it:
- increased tearing
- the animal is constantly washed to clean its eyelids,
- there are different types of selection,
- in the morning the pet's eyes go numb,
- the cornea is covered with a turbid film,
- The pet is afraid of light and often squints.
The cat doctor examines the fluffs and prescribes a series of tests. This determines the causes that contribute to the occurrence of conjunctivitis in cats. Probably, a biochemical analysis will be taken, in addition, samples of secretions from the conjunctiva are being studied.
During the diagnosis, the veterinarian visually determines the nature of the discharge, which helps determine the root cause of the pathology. Discharges are as follows:
- discharge of serous type usually accompany a viral infection,
- mucous appearance - with allergies,
- purulent appearance - bacterial infection.
It is very necessary to do tests for chlamydial conjunctivitis. Chlamydia is treated exclusively with antimicrobial drugs.
This kind of treatment is prescribed by a veterinarian after the diagnosis. To cure conjunctivitis in a cat is not so difficult if the problem is approached responsibly. It is necessary to treat not one eye, but both at once. Principles of conjunctivitis therapy,
- drops and ointment.
But purulent, chlamydia, follicular conjunctivitis need antimicrobial drugs. If the doctor found out that conjunctivitis is a consequence of a different pathology, then it is better to immediately remove this problem.
Treatment of conjunctivitis necessarily continues with a special ointment. When washing is done, ointment should be applied to the eyes. For this purpose, it is recommended to buy tetracycline or erythromycin ointment in a veterinary or regular pharmacy. (only certainly for the eyes). Apply the ointment not with your fingers, but with a fitted glass rod, which must be doused with boiling water before use. The place of applying the ointment is under the eyelid. Cats often resist such treatment, so you can put a little ointment on the lower eyelid. When a cat blinks, it will evenly distribute itself to the right place.
Drops from conjunctivitis - another effective option for the treatment of cats from conjunctivitis. Like any other medicinal product, they should be used after washing the eyelids (dosage - 2-3 drops with a frequency of 3-4 hours). Despite the fact that the use of drops is much more convenient, they can flow out quickly enough. In any case, before you drop eyes, you should consult a veterinarian, which means more suitable fluffy, and not to self-medicate. In the process of treatment, the owners of the animal should be patient, then their efforts will certainly be crowned with success.
Purulent conjunctivitis in a pet often occurs due to allergies or the presence of parasites in the cat. In this case, it is worth to treat with antihistamines or de-worming, respectively. The path of infection of the disease can be infectious. This means that the animal should be checked for the presence of pathogens and should be eliminated (antibiotics are used to increase immunity).
It is acceptable to use for therapy and various folk techniques, but after the approval of the doctor and not instead of the prescribed medications.
Traditional methods of treatment
Traditional medicine at home uses in its recipes medicinal plants. The most commonly used pharmacy chamomile, almond oil is no less popular. Also, medicines are made from eyebright, and even from tea leaves.
This little list goes on. Every owner who cares about the health of his pet has not one recipe in service that will help his pet cope with the illness. Treatment of conjunctivitis in a cat at home is desirable to engage after consulting a doctor. This is a prerequisite.
Based on the diagnostics, the veterinarian prescribes a course of therapy for the cat, which includes: ointment, drops, injections or a whole range of drugs. The choice of drugs and dosage is determined based on the severity of conjunctivitis. Usually, the doctor prescribes:
- furatsilina solution,
- potassium permanganate,
- as a sedative is used decoction made from medicinal chamomile.
If the disease of conjunctivitis in the eyes of kittens is at an early stage, development in the course of therapy includes drugs, including antibiotics:
Conjunctivitis is a highly contagious pathology. However, the occurrence of conjunctivitis can be prevented by adhering to certain preventive measures.
- you need to often give Fuzzy funds from parasites,
- try to avoid drafts and keep the animal warm,
- at least once every 6-7 months show fluffy to the veterinarian,
- strengthen the pet's immunity,
- make sure that the wool does not fall into the eyes.
If the painful process has affected the eye, you will need to use novocaine or hydrocortisone. Highly efficient silver-based droplets. If the disease has become severe, intramuscular injections will be required.
Conjunctivitis of any kind is quite infectious, it is a danger not only for the animal, but also for humans. Looks disgusting in the photo. Therefore, after treating the animal, you should thoroughly wash your hands with soap and water, the risk of infection is very high and everyone around you is exposed to it.
If you follow the simple rules, you can quickly and easily cure this disease in cats. It is necessary to follow the rules of hygiene and take various preventive measures. Can catch any cat as pedigree or not. The most common conjunctivitis is Persian and British breeds. They should be well monitored and at the first signs to contact a veterinarian. Strong conjunctivitis in your kitten is very contagious to others.
All surrounding susceptibility to infection. For this reason, the pet must be temporarily isolated. Procedures should be carried out only with gloves; after contact with an animal, hands should be thoroughly washed.
Can a person become infected with feline conjunctivitis
Can a person get conjunctivitis from an animal? Currently, transmission of feline conjunctivitis to humans is not fixed. But precautions will not be superfluous. For viral conjunctivitis can be transmitted by airborne droplets.
Purulent conjunctivitis in a cat
The reasons why cats often have teary eyes
If a pet scratches his eyes constantly and they have watery eyes, this does not always mean conjunctivitis. Causes of tearing:
- Mechanical damage to the eyeball.
- Dust or dirt has entered.
- Small kittens can not always clean their eyes.
- Allergies to various household products, dust or other drugs.
- Parasites contribute to heavy tearing.
- Anatomical structure of the eyeblock.
- Tear ducts are blocked.
When tearing is considered pathological
Tearing is a natural process.
When you notice that the cat constantly scratches them, accumulations in large numbers and, especially, purulent discharges regularly accumulate in the corners, this indicates a particular eye disease. One of the common diseases is conjunctivitis.
Conjunctivitis in a kitten.
Types of conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis in a cat has several types or forms of the course, depending on the neglect of the inflammatory process.
1. Катаральный конъюнктивит
Характеризуется покраснением век, припухлостью — незначительной или вплоть до выворота век. Слезотечение обильное. Perhaps a change in the consistency of "tears" - the shade is acquired dull white, consistency stretching. Discharges are collected at the corners of the eyes. The hair around the eyelids gets very wet. In chronic form of inflammation of the eyelids, wool may fall on them.
2. Purulent conjunctivitis in cats
Far from a harmless form of eye disease. It is even visually diagnosed: purulent drops follow from the cat's eyes. They can be observed in the corners of the eyes, wet the hair under the eyes, glue the eyelids. The initial stage is yellow crusts in the corners of the eyes upon waking. Progressive form - fairly abundant yellow or green discharge. Purulent conjunctivitis in cats can develop into keratitis and cause blindness if not treated properly. Therefore, do not pull a visit to the vet.
3. Phlegmonous conjunctivitis
Long-curable form of conjunctivitis. Symptom - copious discharge of pus. But the danger is that pus accumulates under the epithelium of the mucous membrane.
4. Follicular conjunctivitis
Congestion of pus behind the eyelids, in the corners of the eyes, severe jerking pain. Inflamed third follicle. Strong redness of the eyelids and sclera, narrowing of the eye.
What Causes Conjunctivitis in a Cat: Main Causes
1. Infection and fungi
Conjunctivitis often develops when a Murky is infected with an infection. Also, the causative agent can be a fungus that settled in the eye. Progression occurs due to reduced immunity. Fungal conjunctivitis is treated for a long time.
2. Allergy. And cats have allergies. Provocateurs are very different - from an allergy to a product to an allergy to household chemicals and your cosmetics. Allergic conjunctivitis is manifested by copious discharge of clean tears, redness of the eyelids and mild swelling.
3. Damage Integrity of the eyelid skin or eye injury. Even a slight scratch is the path to germs for microbes. If any injuries form in the eye area, immediately treat the place with chlorhexidine and do this until it is completely healed.
This category includes damage by chemicals or vapors. Do not allow your pet to household chemicals.
4. Worms. Parasites can settle in the eye of the animal. Intoxication associated with their vital activity provokes conjunctivitis in cats.
5. The common cold. If the cat caught a cold and “earned” rhinitis, most likely conjunctivitis will not bypass it.
6. UV light from aquariums or nail lamps negatively affects the eyes of pets. This is a kind of radiation that dries the eye and provokes inflammation.
- Be sure to include vitamins and herbs in the diet. Meals should be balanced.
- Regularly clean the cat litter and do wet cleaning at home.
- Protect your pet from dampness, drafts, hypothermia.
- With a light, slightly flushed eyelid, wipe your eyes with chlorhexidine.
- Avoid contact with homeless animals.
- Once every three months, give anthelmintic.
Abundant tearing, eyelids swelling and mucous membrane inflamed. Wool, close to lids, wet. Temperature may rise.
This type of disease has an initial stage and is the easiest.
Symptoms are the same as those of catarrhal. Only purulent discharge is added. Perhaps the appearance of yellow crusts in the eyelids. Eyelids stick together from a large amount of discharge.
When the follicular conjunctiva is inflamed, not only the mucous membrane of the eyelids, but also the lymphatic follicles. They are in the third century and bulge out with the disease.
May be caused by viruses, bacteria or fungi. Symptoms are the same - profuse tearing. Viruses are conjunctival and infect it.
The disease can take two forms:
- Acute - the animal experiences pain and itching, the eyelids are swollen and the cat constantly scratches. Abundant discharge from the eyes. The pet has no appetite and may have problems with the digestive tract.
- Chronic - occurs as a result of unpaid acute form. Tears constantly flow from the eyes and the eyelids swell.
Conjunctivitis can occur for a variety of reasons:
- Mechanical damage to the eyes.
- Contact with various chemicals.
- Parasites can trigger the disease.
- Various viruses and bacteria.
- Allergies can cause illness.
- Cold and other diseases.
Anything can be the cause of inflammation of the internal mucous membrane.
Hemoz conjunctiva in cats
Moreover, sometimes conjunctivitis is not a separate disease, but accompanies many systemic viral or microbial infections.
Symptoms and signs
- Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eyes.
- Profuse tearing.
- Abundant discharge from clear to purulent.
- The cat constantly scratches her eyes.
- Eyelids stick together.
- On a cornea there can be a muddy film.
- The cat squints or does not open the eyelids at all.
Allocations may be:
- Purulent - an infection caused by bacteria.
- Cloudy gray - caused by viruses.
- Transparent mucous membranes are an allergic reaction.
If symptoms are present, some procedures can be performed at home:
- Washing can be done using a decoction of chamomile or calendula. These herbs will help relieve inflammation. Broth must be warm! In no case is hot or cold. For washing, you can use strong black tea without sugar. You can use furatsillina solution according to the instructions. To wash the cat's eyes with a moistened cotton pad, wipe them gently and remove the secretions and crusts. Flush every 3 to 4 hours! To eliminate the pain in the pet, after washing, you can drip a few drops of 2% novocaine. This drug will help to remove and swelling. The washing technique is the same for both adult cats and kittens.
- Use a special ointment after rinsing thoroughly. For these purposes, suitable: tetracycline, erythromycin ointment. Ointment must be laid under the upper eyelid specially glass rod. Before each procedure, pour boiling water over the wand. With a strong resistance of the cat, you can lay the ointment on the lower eyelid. Blinking, the pet will distribute it.
- Special drops must be instilled into clean, washed eyes 2 to 3 times a day. Lightening the cat's condition: rinsing and cleaning the crusts, contact your veterinarian. It is necessary to find out the cause of the disease. Prevention of lacrimation and conjunctivitis.
To prevent disease, take the following measures:
- Carefully monitor the health of the cat. Very often, conjunctivitis becomes the result of a disease.
- Maintain pet immunity.
- Proper and balanced nutrition.
- Keep the cat out of contact with sick or stray animals.
- Watch your pet's hygiene.
After all, cats, like people, are prone to disease.
What is conjunctivitis in cats - how does it manifest itself and how is it dangerous
Conjunctiva - the inner mucous membrane of the eye, which protects it from drying out and damage. The inflammatory process that affects it is called conjunctivitis. If a pet often rubs his eyes, which constantly tears, and secretions that have a slimy or purulent character accumulate in the corners of the orbit - it's time to make a visit to the veterinarian.
Inflammatory disease is characterized by a variety of forms and varieties. Pathological changes of the mucous membrane, on the one hand, can be a consequence of exposure to external stimuli, and on the other hand, the state of the conjunctiva can be a reflection of a developing infection process, a disease of one of the internal organs, a malfunction in the process of metabolism.
The intensity of the manifestations depends on the form of the disease, which can be acute, subacute and chronic. The first form is characterized by the sudden onset of characteristic symptoms and their severity. The subacute form proceeds slightly weaker than acute, and for the chronic it is characterized by slow development and mild symptoms.
Common symptoms of conjunctivitis in the feline are:
- redness of the mucous membrane of the eye,
- eyelid swelling,
- excessive tearing and the presence of mucous or purulent discharge,
- frequent attempts of the animal to "wash" the eyes,
- eye bonding after sleep,
- constant blinking and narrowing of eyes, fear of light.
Common symptoms of any form of conjunctival inflammation are profuse tearing and redness of the mucous membranes.
You should be aware that conjunctivitis is a rather dangerous disease - if the patient is not treated properly or is not treated correctly, the animal may lose sight. This pathology is contagious, both for other animals and for humans. Therefore, when communicating with a pet, it is necessary to follow the elementary rules of hygiene, and medical treatment should be carried out with gloves.
Diagnosis of the disease
To prescribe the correct therapy, the specialist must determine the cause of the inflammation. For this, in addition to visual inspection, a general and biochemical blood test is done, bacteriological and cytological studies are carried out. Based on their results, the cause of the inflammatory process is determined, and appropriate therapy is prescribed.
Causes of eye inflammation in cats
Causes of conjunctivitis in pets are quite diverse. The main ones are as follows:
- injuries, foreign objects, contamination,
- eye irritation with chemicals
- viral or infectious pathologies,
- the activity of parasites, bacteria, fungi,
- transition of inflammation from nearby areas, such as the skin of the eyelid or nasal mucosa.
In most cases, conjunctivitis in pets is one of the manifestations of a serious illness. Only therapy of the main pathology will help rid the animal of inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye.
Varieties of the disease
There are several forms of conjunctivitis, each of which is characterized by certain symptoms:
- Catarrhal It is considered the most harmless and easily treatable. In this form of pathology, there is redness of the eyes, swelling of the mucous membranes. The temperature usually does not rise. Pet is in pain, trying to open his eyes, which are constantly watering. If the inflammation is caused by a severe injury, a protrusion of the edematous inner lining from under the eyelids can sometimes be observed.
- Purulent. Observed with the full spread of the infection. It is easy to notice its signs - the eye does not open at all, the discharge is abundant and have a yellow or green shade, the eyelid swells. The pet's temperature rises, photophobia develops, it experiences weakness.
- Follicular Dangerous type of inflammatory process. Infection affects lymphatic follicles. An increase in the size of the eye is observed. The doctor prescribes a serious therapy, sometimes surgical intervention is indicated. The causes of this type of inflammation are usually eye damage or infection. Pathology develops slowly - there is a slight discharge, on the inner surface of the eyelid there are clusters of enlarged, dark red follicles.
- Parenchymatous. The most difficult form of pathology. Inflammation affects not only the mucous, but also the inner surface of the eye. In the absence of proper therapy, the animal may lose sight. This form is characterized by conjunctival protrusion, the surface of which acquires luster and a bright red hue through the eye slit. The observed discharge is serous or slimy or purulent.
- Allergic. It is a complication when an allergic reaction occurs, most often for inappropriate feed. The main symptom is the presence of heavy tearing, in which you should contact a specialist as soon as possible.
Eye rinsing is the first thing that an owner can do to relieve a sick cat. For this procedure, a pinkish solution of potassium permanganate, Furacilin solution (0.5 g per 2.5 l of warm water) or boric acid (0.5 g of powder per cup of water) is suitable. From folk remedies for washing you can use weak decoctions of chamomile or calendula - t. plants 0.5 liters of boiling water.
You can not only wash the eye, but also soften and remove dried pus crusts in a prepared solution, which is abundantly wetted with a cotton swab or disc in the prepared solution. This cleansing will need to be carried out and subsequently, before each use of medicinal preparations prescribed by a doctor.
You can not only wash the eyes of an animal, but also clean them from purulent crusts with plenty of disc moistened with a special solution.
Almost in every human medicine cabinet there is a 2% Novocain solution. It can be dripped to an animal under the lower eyelid by 2-3 drops. It will relieve pain and swelling. No other means, not knowing the exact cause of the disease, cannot be used independently.
Treatment, after determining the cause and prescription of the appropriate drugs by the doctor, is carried out immediately in two eyes, even if one of them seems to be visually healthy.
If conjunctivitis is not an independent, but a concomitant disease, then it will be impossible to get rid of it without treatment of the underlying pathology.
The main treatment regimen for all primary inflammations of the conjunctiva is almost the same. There are differences only in the treatment of follicular and purulent varieties of pathology. In these cases, in addition to local antibiotic therapy, antimicrobial agents are prescribed intramuscularly.
After washing and anesthesia, the following types of drugs are used:
- antimicrobial local agents - drops, ointments,
- antibiotics in the form of injections,
- hypodermic agents for tissue therapy,
- 0.5% novocaine solution for retrobulbar blockade.
When anesthesia Novocain 2% or Ledocaine 2%, caution should be exercised. Use these drugs should be no longer than 5 days and only externally. Dexamethasone can be used as a corticosteroid. The drug should be used twice a day, 1-2 drops. Dexamethasone treatment is best combined with the use of the drug artificial tears.