Syrian hamster: care and maintenance, how many lives, feeding, cage, walks


The larger than the dwarf hamsters, the Syrian hamster - also known as the golden or hamster teddy bear. The Syrian hamster is a small rodent belonging to the family of hamsters. These hamsters have quickly gained popularity as pets in the west since, when in 1930, Professor Aharoni caught a female Syrian hamster and her 12 calves in Aleppo, Syria.

Indeed - all Syrian hamsters, which are bred as domestic animals, have a pedigree originating from this female. The breed was domesticated in North America and in 1936 for the first time became widespread as a pet. Syrian hamsters, as the name implies, mostly live in Syria and some parts of Israel.

What does a Syrian hamster look like?

Syrian hamsters are small rodents, comparable in size to the palm of an adult. Their length ranges from 13 to 15 cm. Their usual weight is about 110-125 grams. They have a rather contented, stocky body with a small tail that is barely visible under their fur.

They have small fur-covered ears and short, stocky paws with wide feet. Hamsters have relatively large eyes. The original color of the Syrian hamster is golden brown, hence its second name is “golden hamster”. The most remarkable feature of the Syrian hamster is its ability to store food in large cheek pouches.

Syrian hamsters are excellent for many people pets for people of all ages, especially for children. They are naturally obedient and easily tamed. They are light and pleasant to handle, because they are rather slow compared to other hamsters, and have optimal sizes for rodents - not too small and not too large.

Unlike the dwarf species, the Syrians are strictly solitary animals and must be kept separately. If you keep Syrian hamsters together, there are high risks that they can harm or even kill each other.

Even if they show no signs of aggression towards each other, in any case they will be under stress from having to live with another adult hamster. For this reason, they are not recommended to be kept in one even a large cage. Syrians can live with their brothers and sisters until they are about 5 weeks old, and then they must be separated and placed in different places or cells.

The Syrian hamster is a nocturnal animal, so it spends most of the daytime in its nest and sleeps. Activity comes only in the evening and at night, which means that they will be ideal animals for those who are at school or at work during the daytime.

Syrian hamster's lifespan

Before buying any pet, you should learn about its life expectancy. You can expect an average healthy Syrian hamster to have a life expectancy of 2 to 3 years. In the wild, they tend to have a shorter life. The oldest Syrian hamster officially lived up to the age of six and a half years.

Many factors affect the lifespan of Syrians:

  • Quality of life and care
  • Diet
  • Genetics
  • Environment
  • Physical activity
  • Diseases

Syrian hamster care

Syrian hamsters are relatively easy to care for and with daily care and responsible handling they can become completely tame. Syrians, though single animals, but they are sociable and obedient to people.

To avoid hamster frustration, be sure to spend time with him every day and give him a large selection of toys for fun. Ordinary cardboard boxes, toilet rolls and cereal boxes can be excellent toys. A Syrian hamster rarely bites its owner, and they usually respond well to frequent contact.

Do not wake your hamster, as this may scare him and he will be so kind to you. Hamsters are clean animals, and they choose the corner farthest from their nest for the toilet, so their cage does not need to be cleaned often.

What to feed the Syrian hamster?

When it comes to feeding your Syrian hamster, you should base its diet on high-quality feed. A good hamster mix should contain a suitable combination of seeds, grains and nuts with a nutritional balance of about 12-15% protein and 3-6% fat. Pregnant females should receive an additional amount of protein and fat, while they bear and feed the offspring.

You can supplement your hamster's diet with fresh fruits and vegetables. The most suitable for them are carrots, apples, broccoli, pears and cabbage. Avoid citrus fruits, as they are too sour. You have to make sure that they eat fresh food every day, because hamsters like to keep food in their nests. An excess of fruits and vegetables can also cause stomach upset and diarrhea.

Any food should be thoroughly washed to remove possible pesticides harmful to your pet. Be sure to remove unused food after 24 hours to protect animals from eating spoiled food.

All hamster species have cheek pouches, which in the wild are used to carry food into their burrow. Hamster owners often mistakenly estimate their pet's food intake because they do not take into account the products that were hidden in these bags.

You can treat your hamster once or twice a week to provide them with additional protein. Hamsters love these delicacies, but you should not overfeed them. Store-bought honey crackers or chopsticks are harmful to hamsters in large quantities. More healthy types of treats are:

  • Cottage cheese
  • Hard boiled egg - once a week
  • A small amount of timothy hay
  • Sunflower seeds or peanuts - a small amount, because they contain a lot of fat

Housing - the best cage for the Syrian hamster

Syrians should start living by themselves at the age of 4-5 weeks. There are several options for placing your pet, and the cage is the most popular. All hamsters should have a fairly spacious environment with plenty of litter so that they can dig, because they dig holes in the wild.

A big cage is always better!

Studies have shown that a close environment affects the mood of a hamster and can cause him chronic stress, so it is important to provide them with the best possible habitat. Syrians recommended at least an area of ​​1 square. m, or 10,000 square meters. centimeters. Their cage should be quite high - at least 30-35 cm. Hamsters living in small cages, more often show signs of stress and bite the rods.

In addition, it is important for the hamster to provide:

  • Substrate or bedding - it is necessary for absorption of urine and as material for digging and burrowing. Wood shavings or paper underlay or filler can be excellent bedding materials.
  • Nesting material - hamsters need bedding, and if you provide them with paper filler, they can also use it as bedding for the nest. Another available option is shredded toilet paper - also an excellent material. You should not use cotton wool and other similar materials, as they can restrict movement and even strangle the hamster if he tries to swallow them.
  • Running wheel - Adult Syrian hamsters need fairly large wheels with a diameter of at least 20 cm. Smaller wheels can lead to back problems in the animal. Many hamster cages come with an integrated wheel.
  • Drinking bowl - much preferable to a bowl of water, because it is protected from tipping and contamination.
  • Bowl for food - Your pet should have a large bowl so that it cannot knock it over.
  • ToysChewing wood - hamsters, like other rodents, have continuously growing teeth, so it is important to give the necessary items that will allow them to keep their teeth in good shape.
  • Delicacy - hamsters love treats from time to time, which make them happier.
  • Toys - hamsters fit toys so that they do not get bored. It is vital to give them the necessary mental and physical stimulation to distract them from the feeling that they are trapped.

Types of Syrian hamster wool

The first domesticated hamsters had short hair, but since then the breeders managed to breed individuals with 4 main types of wool: short-haired, long-haired, Rex and satin.

Long haired - have longer hair than usual. The longest coat grows only in male hamsters - its length reaches up to 8-10 cm.

Satin Syrian hamsters are beautiful animals with a glossy shine wool. Some hamsters have an ultra-shiny appearance. However, breeding two sateen hamsters is not recommended, as this will lead to ugly, oily and thin wool in their offspring.

Rex - relatively new type of wool. The main feature of these hamsters - in their curly and wavy hair. Their fur is usually very short and dense.

Syrian hamster colors

Many breeders and breeders were able to bring hamsters with a variety of colors, patterns and markings on the wool. Syrian hamsters have several basic colors, including gray, black, yellow, brown, or a mixture of several different colors:

  • Golden
  • Yellow
  • Brown
  • Beige
  • The black
  • Cream
  • Dark grey
  • Light gray
  • Sable
  • White
  • Red
  • Smoky

Differences between Syrian and Dwarf Hamsters

Both dwarf and Syrian hamsters are excellent pets. The main differences between them are:

  • Syrians are bigger than dwarf hamsters,
  • Syrian hamsters are solitary animals, while dwarfs can live together,
  • Syrians have many colors, patterns and types of wool,
  • Syrians remain tame, even if they are ignored for several days. Dwarf hamsters need constant attention to stay tame.

Main characteristics

  • Length: 13-14 cm.
  • Weight: 100-125 g. It is important for the Owner to know how much his Syrian hamster weighs. Both obesity and weight loss are dangerous. For weighing, you can purchase small kitchen scales.
  • Color: golden, beige, black, sand, white, silver, etc.
  • Lifespan: 2-2.5 years.
  • Character: independent, that is, does not require much attention, but is well tamed, loves hands and affection. Very curious.

Sex determination

How to determine the sex of the Syrian hamster? To find out the sex of babies is almost impossible, so if you do not trust the seller, choose an older animal. Sexual signs become clearly visible at the age of 2 months. Males have large testicles, which are easy to see if you put it on the back.

Who better to start: a boy or a girl? In general, everything depends on the individual preferences of the owner, since there are no special differences between the behavior of males and females. But many owners point out that Syrian hamsters boys smell less and come in contact with a man easier than girls.

At home, it is not recommended to keep several Syrian hamsters, regardless of what sex they are. These animals prefer loneliness and do not live in wild families. Cohabitation in the same cell will lead to frequent violent fights and constant struggle for territory.

Cage or maze?

The size of the Syrian hamster is quite small, but this does not mean that he needs a small house. Before buying the animal, think about where he will live. You have several options.

The simplest and most common home for rodents is a cage. Its minimum size is 30 * 40 cm, but it is desirable to choose a larger cell. The distance between its rods should be no more than 1 cm, otherwise the animal will be able to escape.

It is important that there are at least 2 floors in the cage. On the first floor, arrange a dining and playroom, and on the second floor - a bedroom. 3 floors will give even more opportunities.

In addition to the cage, a pet can live in a maze. A house with a lot of rooms on different tiers connected by pipes is very similar to a hole and will definitely enjoy the animal.

Do not immediately furnish a new house. Watch how the pet behaves. Remember where he sleeps, where he made the toilet, and where he prefers to play. Now you can begin to fill the maze.

Space for cell

Where to put a pet? You should not put it in the bedroom, because at night it will behave very noisy. The most common place for the cell becomes the kitchen or hallway.

Do not place the house near the sources of light and heat. Also, the animal will greatly disturb the music systems and TV.

Cage equipment

What should be in the cage of a Syrian hamster?

  • A house for sleeping. It is better to choose a small house of wood or plastic. It should have one entrance and a window.
  • A bowl. Buy one that the animal cannot turn over. It is important that the bowl is easy to clean. The most suitable materials are clay and steel.
  • Drinking bowl . It is convenient to rodents to drink from suspended droppers.
  • Wheel. This is an optional element of the cage, but it is useful if the animal does not have enough space to run. The charging wheel should be solid, safer for fingers and paws.
  • Toys The hamster happily fiddles with small objects - walnut shells and plastic balls. Try to give him a toilet paper cylinder. You can also purchase special toys at the pet store.

As a litter, you can use sawdust, scraps of soft paper or wood cat litter. If you choose the latter option, purchase non-flavored granules.

Can newspapers be used as bedding for a Syrian hamster? Many put them under the main filler. This greatly simplifies cleaning, but is very harmful to the health of the animal. Printing ink contains lead, which can cause poisoning.

Syrian hamster has a specific smell, so you need to regularly clean up in its cage. Change the filler on a schedule - every 2-3 days. It won't take long, and it will always smell good in your home.

Syrian hamster care and maintenance

How to care for a Syrian hamster? The pledge of the health of any animal is proper and varied nutrition, as well as constant access to clean water. In addition, it is important to maintain its wool in excellent condition and regularly walk around the apartment.

What can you eat Syrian hamster?

  1. Feed. The main food of rodents is dry. Quality food should consist of grains, pressed grass, as well as a small amount of dried fruit and seeds. Every day, pour 1-2 tablespoons. in a bowl.
  2. Fresh food. Juicy fruits and vegetables are included in the daily diet. They need very little - only 10-20 g, that is, a few pieces. Homes are very fond of carrots, apples, cucumbers, cabbage, radishes, turnips, squash, peaches, grapes and other berries. Do not give too much fruit and vegetables. It can upset the digestion and cause severe discomfort in the animal.
  3. Milk products. As a source of calcium and protein, use natural yogurt or fresh milk. Only 1 tsp is enough.

Every morning, throw away everything that was not eaten and give the Syrian hamster a fresh meal. Also do not forget to change the water in the drinker.

Forbidden food

What can not feed the Syrian hamster? If you want him to be healthy, eliminate from the diet:

  • all products with sugar,
  • chocolate,
  • citrus,
  • melon
  • green leaf lettuce,
  • onion and garlic,
  • fish fat,
  • eggs,
  • meat products,
  • Chips, salted nuts and other snacks.

Do I need to give vitamins to the Syrian hamster? Additional minerals and vitamins are needed in old age, during pregnancy or when recovering from an illness. In all other cases, quite a varied diet.

A hamster will always come up with something to occupy himself in a cage, but sometimes you have to let him play and run “outside. If he is already accustomed to the owner, he will be happy to play with him.

Make your room safe before walking.

  1. Close the door.
  2. Cap all holes under furniture with rags or close them with boxes.
  3. Remove all wires, plants, and sources of water and open flame from the floor.
  4. For the first walk, arrange toys and other objects with which the animal is well known.

If you can not closely follow the walk, but do not want to deprive the pet of this pleasure, buy him a ball to charge. It is a hollow plastic ball, which can be climbed. Running inside, the animal will move around the room. In this case, you can not be afraid for the wires and indoor plants!

The animal should be released from the cage only for 10-15 minutes. You can do this several times in the evening.

A bit of history

For the first time about the Syrian hamster (Cricetus Auratus) is mentioned back in 1797 in an article by Russell brothers. Already in 1839, rodents were so small that they began to be considered extinct. The zoologist Izrael Ahoroni searched for them for a long time and found them on April 30, 1930. He found a hole in which there was an adult female and her brood of 11 young. Чтобы сохранить вид, их было взято с собой в Иудейский Университет. К сожалению, большинство погибло по тем или иным причинам, осталась только одна самка и 3 самца (по другим данным никто не погиб и столько же было найдено).In order to preserve the species, they needed to be propagated, but there could be no similar connections between the family so as not to spoil genetics. Therefore, they were crossed with another rare species. By the end of the year, the number in captivity had grown to 150 individuals. Other searches for the golden hamster were not married with luck. In 1938, scientists concluded that they were completely extinct. Fortunately, rodents were simply not found, and still live in Iran, Turkey and the Balkans.

Syrian hamster description

The Syrian hamster is the largest and at the same time the kindest species. Body length rarely exceeds 19 centimeters. At what males are usually smaller. Small ears, a round muzzle and shiny eyes will not leave anyone indifferent. Some people think that this breed has no tail, but it does. Just so small that it hides in wool and is practically invisible.

The Syrian hamster, whose photo you can see below, has won the most supporters. There are 5 fingers on its hind legs, and only 4 on its front paws. Perhaps this is due to the intersection of the species. The animal is loved for its amazing habits and kindness. This is the only kind that can be accustomed to the nickname.

If the Dzungarian hamster does not hibernate for the winter, then our hero is sleeping quietly and peacefully already at + 4 ° С.

There are short-haired and long-haired animals, which also won many hearts. Within one breed there is such a choice. Longhair have thick and soft fur, which also practically does not fade.

How much the Syrian hamster lives depends on the care and maintenance. On average, life expectancy is 2-2.5 years, but some centenarians live to 4 years. Of course it is subject to proper nutrition and care.

The animal in nature pulls holes up to 2.5 meters deep with many tunnels with a total length of up to 8 meters. In the branches there are cameras for food and sleep. There fluffy is experiencing winter and adverse times. Frost does not get to him or to his reserves.

Pet health

People are interested in everything about Syrian hamsters in order to properly care for them. This is the right approach, because the health of the animal is directly dependent on the care of him. By itself, it is very enduring and not painful, but with poor content it can be changed. Provide all natural needs and you will get a long-liver.

Draft is very harmful for any hamster, so try to put the cage away from it and direct sunlight. Do not put on the floor or window. Find a quiet secluded place where the animal will be comfortable.

Syrian hamster food directly affects the state of health. If you give only authorized products, fresh and without rot, full of vitamins, while adding dry food, then the pet is unlikely to complain about their health. But you can take a bad start without knowing what you can not feed the hamsters. Many products for it are strictly prohibited and can cause serious poisoning.

I will not tell all about Syrian hamsters, unless I add information about their cleanliness. This is just something extraordinary. They are up to paranoia to take care of themselves and the purity of their wool. Even when crippled or sick, cleanliness is at the highest level. Therefore, if you hear somewhere that the rodent stinks, then the owner simply does not remove the cage. Smell is possible with serious diseases, and this adds irresponsibility to the pet owner.

The state of health can be seen by how much the Syrian hamster weighs. A healthy individual weighs 100-200 grams.

What you need to know

Even before the purchase is worth knowing that the Syrian hamster, whose size is the largest, requires very little care. Some parents give responsibility to his children. They get a lot of pleasure from it and at the same time learn and become responsible. This suggests that care is so simple that even a child can handle it.

Respect your pet, do not try to teach your regime. By this you will only undermine his health. So the fluffy is arranged, sleeps during the day, and wakes up at night and lives to the fullest. Do not put the cage near the bed, rustling can wake you up.

To survive in the wild, you have to move a lot. This need is laid on the gene level and in captivity it is necessary to satisfy it as much as possible. If not, immunity will weaken, and life expectancy will decrease. Therefore, if you decide to have a hamster, take care that he has everything you need. For the activity you need a running wheel (diameter 18 + cm) and a walking ball. In the first version in order to run without leaving the cage, and in the second - in the apartment.

Cell arrangement

Syrian hamster care and maintenance plays an important role. But meeting the most basic needs is extremely important. One of these needs is a cell of sufficient size and with the correct content. For this type, you need dimensions of at least 50x30 centimeters. Try to fill it as much as possible. There are many accessories that diversify the life of a pet.

If possible, make a variety of tunnels. Ideally, they connect two cells. But remember, there is only one animal per dwelling (cage). If the fluffies where they meet, they will not be so good. Everyone will defend their territory and both will be subject to stress and injury. Fatal cases are not uncommon.

Every cell must have a litter. At the bottom buy a special filler that absorbs moisture and odor. It is best to use corn.

Let's return to one of the most important issues than to feed the Syrian hamster. Here you need to maintain a kind of balance. The diet should include both dry food and products enriched with vitamins. The main thing is not to overfeed, it will not benefit anyone.

Feed recommended twice a day. The diet includes special foods, cereal mixes, vegetables, fruits and greens. That is, there must be a variety. Some products give so to say "to failure", others are recommended in limited quantities in small portions so as not to harm. Here you need to check each vegetable separately. Is it possible this or that.

The diet includes:

  • Dry food. Be sure to quality, do not buy Russian, it has virtually no nutrients.
  • Nuts Gretsky, peanuts and others.
  • Fresh and dried fruits.
  • Krupa. Barley, buckwheat, corn.
  • Vegetables. No signs of rot and natural, without the use of chemicals in the process of growing.
  • Seeds.
  • Fresh greens.

Of course, not all at once, you need to alternate. This is not the entire list, here only what is given in the majority is taken into account. But people have different abilities like animals have different appetites.

It is strictly forbidden to include in the diet of the Syrian hamster:

  • Garlic and onions.
  • Salty, sweet.
  • Spice.
  • Mushrooms
  • Chocolate and candy.
  • Fried and fat.
  • Almond.
  • Citrus.
  • Exotic fruits.

Each cage for a Syrian hamster should have a drinker with always fresh water. You need to change every day. A rodent will not be healthy if it constantly feels thirsty.

Breeding Syrian hamsters

Already at the age of four months, the female can become pregnant. The duration of pregnancy is 18-21 days, after that 4-16 small, naked and blind pups are born. They are not able to eat themselves, they drink only mother's milk. So it will be in the next 3 weeks. When they reach the age of one month, they become independent and need to be resettled from their mother, since they begin to be perceived as competitors. Reproduction of Syrian hamsters in captivity occurs 3-4 times a year.

Attention, never touch the female on the last days of pregnancy and the brood before the age of one week. You leave your scent on the children, which will cause mom to panic. There are frequent cases when she eats her children. It is in the genes, the laws of nature are cruel. So find a quiet place and put a cage there. Do not interfere in the life of the female, only with the purpose of feeding.

Who is breeding Syrian hamsters at home. They are perfect for this. The brood is large, often born. Therefore, they are bred and sold. There are whole nurseries who do this on a professional level. They have good care for them and even have a passport for everyone. Thus, in such places it is easier to buy a healthy individual, and there is little chance of being deceived. Syrian hamster, its price rarely exceeds 500 rubles, but the amount all levels.

The nature of the hamster and its acquisition

The nature of rodents is different, before buying it is advisable to read reviews of Syrian hamsters. They are usually purchased for children, as these animals are calm and docile. They are obedient, good to train. Compared to other breeds, Syrians are more lazy and slow.

Syrian hamsters are solitary in nature, therefore only one pet can live in one cage. Living together with an adult individual causes the Syrian stress, the consequences of which can be loss of appetite, sleep disturbance, aggression towards the neighbor. After the animals have turned five weeks, they are separated from each other.

The Syrian is most active at night. He sleeps during the day and hardly shows up from the nest. The animal is perfect for those who are busy during the day and free in the evening.

The price of hamsters depends not only on the breed, but also on the color, place of purchase and the age of the animal. Syrians are distinguished by a variety of colors, large size and flexible temper, so their value is higher than that of other breeds. The price for them may be different, as the seller regulates it at his discretion. To navigate the cost of a rodent, it is better to read reviews breeders. The lowest price for an animal will be in the poultry market, and high for breeders. They sell a vaccinated kid with metrics and pedigree, hence the increased cost. In the market, a hamster costs from one hundred to three hundred rubles; in a nursery, its value can reach thousands of rubles.

If you purchased a hamster, buy it related products. The animal necessarily needs a cage, a feeding trough and a trough, toys for an active lifestyle, and a mineral stone to grind off the incisors.

The best cage for the Syrian hamster

The larger the animal, the larger the cage should be. In a small and uncomfortable cage, an animal may experience stress and develop obesity. The optimal size of the dwelling is 40 by 60 cm. You can combine two cells by connecting them with a labyrinth. Syrians are by nature alone, so the appearance of neighbors in the cell is unacceptable.

The door of the house should be large enough to fit the hand of the breeder with the pet. The tray must be solid, the net may cause injury to the animal.

In addition to the cage, feeders and drinkers, the hamster needs a mineral stone to grind the incisors, a house, toys and a running wheel. A mobile lifestyle is very important for the health of the rodent. Hamsters sleep during the day and show activity in the dark. During the night, they can run seven kilometers, so the cage should be placed where they will not be heard trampling.

Description of the species

Syrian hamster is the only representative of its kind. In size, it is quite large, slightly smaller than a guinea pig. A distinctive feature of the breed - a golden coat color. Although in recent times there are also colorful animals.

The length of the hair are long-haired and short-haired animals.

The length of the body is about 30 cm, and the weight is about 120 g. The paws and muzzle are short, and the body is stocky. The eyes are small, black. Ears round. On the hind legs, four fingers, and on the front - five.

The advantage of the breed is that its representatives are resistant to diseases. Therefore, they are not so difficult to care for. In the wild, rodents live in Iran, Syria, as well as in eastern Turkey. The habitat is inhabited - steppe and meadows. They feed mainly on herbs, seeds and insects. As a rule, animals live alone, couples form only during the rut, in order to continue the race. Here they are, Syrian hamsters. How many such rodents live? In nature - about three years, and at home, perhaps even five.

We recognize the sex of the rodent

How to determine the sex of the Syrian hamster? In this case, everything is quite simple. In females between the urinary papilla and the anus, the distance is less than in males. Of course, the sex of the cub is more difficult to determine, but the same rules apply. By the way, usually in females nipples are more noticeable.

Syrian hamster: content

If you do not plan to breed animals, then acquire one rodent, as such hamster gets along very well with its relatives.

It is better to live a rodent in a cage with metal rods. What sizes should it have? A cage of 40x60 cm will do.

You can keep in the aquarium.

The cage should be covered only with sawdust. Cotton wool, newspapers and toilet paper - all this can not be used as bedding for a hamster.

What should be in the cage of a rodent?

  • House. It is best attached to the cage, otherwise the hamster will often make a "permutation".
  • Toilet for small rodents. This tray can be purchased at the pet store. In addition, you can do it yourself.
  • The wheel is the right size. Syrian hamsters love to run in such a "simulator", so be sure to get a similar accessory for your rodent.
  • Drinking bowl Its volume should be more than ten milliliters.
  • Feeding trough. Now on sale you can see many different types of such products. Choose the ones you like best. Can be purchased for a rodent ceramic bowl.
  • Ladders and poles. If you buy such things, the hamster will be happy to climb on them.

Now you can even buy a fully equipped cage, which will have all the necessary accessories.


Best of all, animals can be tamed at a young age. If during this period of life to offend a rodent, he will not be able to trust the owner. The process of domestication should be carried out gradually. For the first time, take the baby in your arms slowly and very carefully, so as not to drop or scare him. By the way, the sooner you start the process of taming, the faster the hamster will trust you. Pay attention to the new pet need to systematically. Every day, gradually communicate with your pet, just do it carefully, so that the communication with you will not cause negative emotions in a rodent.

You can use a treat as an aid. Treat your baby with seeds, pieces of fruit and vegetables.

With an adult animal, of course, it will be more difficult, since it can bite. Some people, when the rodent begins to behave this way, give up this business, as a result of which it only gets worse. The hamster understands that they are afraid of him, and continues to do the same. Remember: there are no tame rodents, you only need more time to spend to achieve the desired result.

Syrian hamsters: rodent care

Basic care is timely cell cleaning. It is best to do this twice a week (at least once). For the period of harvesting, of course, the rodent needs to be transplanted to another place, for example, in another cage. If it is possible to clean with a disinfectant, then be sure to use it. Sawdust as pollution change to new. Items that are used by the hamster, also need to be periodically washed. Bowls and drinkers should be cleaned daily. For best results, you can pour these items with boiling water.

No special care is needed such a hamster, he does everything himself. The only thing you can help him, as it is a little to care for the fur, occasionally combing it. If the pet is dirty, then, of course, you need to clean it. To do this, you can use a soft cloth or a handkerchief. It is necessary to bathe a hamster as a last resort. Such a procedure is stressful for him. If, however, such a need arose, then you need to bathe in warm water, the muzzle and head should remain dry during this. After the procedure, you need to dry the hair with a hair dryer.

You can use dry shampoo to clean wool.

In general, such a beast has good health. With proper care, your pet will feel good.

An animal can get sick if:

  • eating wrong
  • sleeping on a wet bed,
  • there are sharp objects in the cage
  • the humidity in the room is too high or low
  • it lacks movement.

A healthy rodent has a dry nose, thick silky fur, a clean anus and eyes.

What are the most common Syrian hamster diseases? Now we list them:

  • cold (sneezing, nasal discharge, chills),
  • pneumonia,
  • clogged or damaged cheek pouches,
  • diarrhea,
  • skin diseases
  • conjunctivitis,
  • lymphocytic choriomeningitis (the main symptom is photophobia).

Always monitor your pet's health. The first symptoms of the disease may be the following:

  • loose stools
  • display of aggression,
  • loss of fur,
  • the appearance of fleas,
  • the formation of wounds on the skin
  • difficulty breathing
  • appearance of sores on the skin,
  • a little damp wool to the touch,
  • apathetic condition of the animal.

Noticed any disturbing symptoms? Urgently to the vet!

Syrian hamster at home in need of a balanced diet. Competently made menu is a guarantee of the health of the rodent. It is necessary to give him vegetable food (seeds, roots, herbs), as well as small insects (if possible). You can do without the latter if the rodent eats everything else. So, what should a Syrian hamster eat?

Making the diet of the animal, add these products:

Грызуну нельзя давать следующие продукты:

Хомяк сирийский предпочитает сочную пищу, поэтому не стоит давать ему только сухой корм. Обязательно добавляйте в рацион витамины. Зеленую травку грызуны поедают с большим удовольствием, а из сена делают гнезда.

Хомяк сирийский очень запаслив, поэтому нужно проверять его «кладовые» в клетке, чтобы продукты не портились. By the way, overfeeding a rodent is also not worth it.