Pets often suffer from various diseases, and this includes the subcutaneous tick in cats. This disease caused by parasites is called demodicosis, and a cat of a different breed can get infected at any age. This is due to close contact with a sick animal, as a result of which the pet's skin is affected.
For humans, demodicosis is not dangerous, but for cats it is a very unpleasant disease that brings them a lot of discomfort. Subcutaneous mites, which lay eggs in the hair follicles, harm the health of the animal. What symptoms need attention? How to treat? Is it possible to use folk remedies? What is best to do to prevent the disease? Let's take a closer look at these questions.
The parasite that affects the skin of an animal is called Demodex, and it cannot even be called a tick in the full sense of the word. It would be more correct to say that this is a microscopic organism, in its appearance resembling a worm, but it cannot be examined with the naked eye only with a microscope. And if you look at the photo of the subcutaneous tick in cats, you can see how disgusting the parasite is.
There are two types of demodicosis: localized and generalized. In the first case, only one part of the body is affected (for example, ears, eyes, neck, etc.), while the second type of disease is more severe - several parts of the body are affected. If the cat suffered a generalized form of the disease, then it should be sterilized to avoid inheritance of demodicosis. In any case, with the slightest signs of a pet's hypodermic tick, it is recommended to immediately show the veterinarian.
Demodecosis is dangerous, first of all, by the fact that it develops gradually, therefore it is not always possible to immediately notice that the animal has a subcutaneous tick on the body. The owner may not immediately understand that her pet has demodecosis, and if there is any suspicion of this disease, it is necessary to show the pet to the doctor as soon as possible. The fact is that the longer Demodex parasitizes, the more dangerous it is in terms of reducing the immunity of the animal. What signs indicate the presence of a subcutaneous tick?
- The coat loses its original healthy appearance,
- Dandruff appears around the peephole, the skin turns red and peels off,
- In some places there is a loss of hair, sometimes tufts,
- Pet torments itching, he often scratches his teeth in certain parts of the body,
- On the body of the animal appear solid and slightly bulging growths,
- The affected areas go bald, pustules form on them,
- The wounds that appear on the cat's body bleed with a dichouse.
In order to accurately diagnose demodicosis, it is necessary to conduct several tests. To do this, animals are scraped, which is carefully studied under a microscope. And only after the diagnosis, depending on the type of the disease, the doctor prescribes treatment.
The first manipulations with this type of disease are bathing a pet with a special agent, veterinarians recommend Doctor and Elite shampoos. This is necessary to clean the fur and skin of the animal. After this, all the wounds and crusts should be treated with the Chlorhexidine solution (if necessary, it can be replaced with hydrogen peroxide), then wait until the lesions have dried.
After cleansing the pet's skin from scabs, the treatment of the subcutaneous tick in cats with a localized form is carried out with the help of the preparations Tsipam, Perol, Ectodes, Ivermek, Neosthomazan, Mikodemotsid, Amit, and also sulfur aversectin ointment. In addition to shampoos, solutions and ointments, the pet must be given means to increase immunity, these include Gamavit, Immunol, Gala-vet, Maxidin.
On the question of how to treat a subcutaneous tick in cats, if the disease has already passed into a more severe stage, the answer is unequivocal: this form is more difficult and longer to treat. After all, demodicosis has spread almost throughout the body of the animal, and the treatment will not be easy. Doctors advise to first cut the pet, so that it is easier to handle drugs. At the first stage, the same means are used as in the treatment of the localized form.
As a rule, this type of disease passes with complications, so a course of injections of the Cydectin solution is prescribed. At the same time, Betamox, Kamacidin, Baytril or Amoxicillin antibiotics should be given to the animal. The drug Ligfol and the vitamin-mineral complex will help restore immunity. Treatment of this form of the disease should take place under the supervision of a specialist.
Immediately we draw your attention: self-treatment of a subcutaneous tick without consulting a veterinarian can be life-threatening for your pet! After all, the skin of cats is much thinner and more sensitive than that of people, therefore, it should be handled very carefully. Treatment of folk remedies for demodicosis is permissible only if the doctor has not found any contraindications for this. Therefore, each option is discussed with a specialist. What means can offer a veterinarian for the treatment of demodicosis?
- Bathe the pet every three days using a special shampoo, and after each water treatment, treat the wounds with a strong decoction of chamomile or sage.
- Similarly, bathe the animal every three days, but with birch tar-based soap, and at the end of the procedure, lubricate the affected skin with calendula tincture.
- In some cases, doctors are allowed to treat the wounds with kerosene, but you can not bathe your pet for three days after this so that the pustules on the skin dry up.
In order to avoid future symptoms and treatment of subcutaneous mites in cats, it is necessary to take care of prevention in advance. First of all, regularly treat the animal with antiparasitic drugs (from fleas and ticks), drive it to the worms and monitor the nutritional balance of the pet. The diet of the cat should be saturated with all the necessary vitamins and trace elements.
You should not allow your pet to animals whose state of health causes you to doubt. It is better to insure than to find demodecosis in your cat. Also try to maintain immunity with your pet, you will be prescribed the necessary medications by a veterinarian.
Although today there are many medicines for the treatment of subcutaneous ticks, but it is better not to deal with this disease. And not even because it takes a long time from diagnosis to recovery. First of all, the cat, whom demodicosis brings a lot of discomfort, suffers. And if you take preventive measures, your pet will always be healthy.
- Never wash your cat with antiparasitic drugs intended for dogs! In these products, a completely different composition, and it is more toxic. Components that are not dangerous for dogs are very dangerous for cats, even fatal.
- If you have to deal with an animal suffering from demodicosis, do not forget to put on a cape and gloves. No, for humans, demodexes are not dangerous, but you can accidentally bring the parasite into your apartment, thereby infecting a pet.
- If the pet has already been affected by the subcutaneous tick and has successfully recovered, preventive measures should be taken anyway. Especially since after the illness the cat will feel unwell for some time. This is due to the fact that the drugs that treated the skin are absorbed into the blood and are not eliminated within three months.
- With the permission of the veterinarian, periodically conduct preventive measures with an antihistamine drug that will prevent infection, eliminate possible itching, relieve discomfort and reduce allergic reactions. The drug will appoint a specialist.
- Remember that in a dry environment, parasites, including demodexes, do not survive. And if you find an ulcer on the cat's skin, it should be dried immediately (for example, with hydrogen peroxide, it is safe for animals), and then immediately show the pet to the veterinarian.
- Try to regularly examine your pet for lesions, especially if the cat began to itch often. Carefully with the help of a magnifying glass, look for even the slightest signs of a subcutaneous tick: convex tubercles, bald spots, pustules, redness, dandruff, allocation of nugget from wounds, sores and bald patches.
- At the slightest suspicious signs in the form of lethargy, temperature, refusal of food and water, aggression, change of mucous membranes, etc. must immediately carry a pet to the doctor. It is possible that the animal was the victim of a subcutaneous tick.
- Whatever drugs you use, for prevention or treatment, always read the instructions carefully so as not to harm your pet by any chance. Study the composition, indications, use, prescription, dosage, contraindications and shelf life.
You can also ask a question to the staff veterinarian of our site, who will answer them as soon as possible in the comments field below.
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Ear Tick (Demodex)
It is believed that the ear mite is part of the conditionally pathogenic microflora of the skin of both animals and humans, and therefore most animals and people can be carriers of this parasite, and get sick if immunity decreases due to illness, hypothermia, stress and other similar factors.
Not only cats can be carriers of the ear mite, but also people.
The possibility of transmission of the disease is not excluded from healthy cat to sick.
Is the subcutaneous mite transmitted to humans?
In healthy people, the development of demodicosis is excluded. . Demodex mite can be activated as a result of prolonged exposure to ultraviolet radiation on the skin of the face. Most often this disease occurs in women, and can also be triggered by hormonal changes.
The defeat of man ear mite.
In appearance, the symptoms of demodicosis may resemble severe acne, accompanied by severe redness. With such a better time, and immediately contact a dermatologist to exclude or confirm the presence of the disease.
Clinical signs of subcutaneous tick in cats
Demodekoz has "favorite" places, by which one can immediately assume that it is he.
First, mainly affected areas of the skin on the face of the animal - eyebrows, cheeks, lips. In places of defeat, the hair falls out, bald areas strongly blush, frown, become covered with white crusts.
Appear cracks , on the surface appears sukrovitsa. That is characteristic, the itch at a demodicosis is absent (sometimes happens, but weakly expressed).
Over time, in the absence of proper treatment, baldness and skin lesions spread to back, chest, belly, root of the tail . There are humpbacks filled with pus and mites. From such animals there is a characteristic smell.
Ear tick can cause severe exhaustion and death of the animal.
Such cats refuse to feed, they develop anemia, exhaustion, and as a result the disease can lead to the death of the animal. Often the disease is complicated by other problems - ear mites, bacterial or fungal skin infections.
Ear tick can begin to parasitize the entire face.
The local form of demodicosis is characterized by the appearance of several (up to five) lesions.
This form of the disease may disappear as spontaneously as it appears, however can recur . It may be associated with age (young animals are sick more often), stress, pregnancy. It needs careful observation to prevent the transition to a generalized form.
Generalized form occurs when more than five skin areas are affected. In this case, most of the body may be affected. The prognosis for this form of caution, it can be extremely difficult to get rid of the disease. In some cases, it may not work out at all.
Diagnosis of this disease is very simple - a scraping on the glass is taken from the affected skin, which then the veterinarian looks under a microscope.
Ear mite under the microscope.
The subcutaneous mite has a very specific cylindrical body shape, so it cannot be confused with other parasites. But given the place of residence of this tick, scraping should be quite deep, so that he got there. Therefore, the material taken from the skin before the appearance of drops of blood.
Treatment of subcutaneous mite at home
In order to recognize ear diseases in time, their periodic inspection is necessary.
One can get rid of the subcutaneous tick easily if the proper treatment is started in time. However, it must be remembered that if treatment is prescribed incorrectly, the animal may die. It is also worth understanding that The diagnosis for demodicosis can only be made by a veterinary specialist after the necessary analysis..
Self-treatment can lead to undesirable complications and deterioration of the animal's state of health.
Drugs and drugs
If we talk specifically about drugs against demodex mites, then these are acaricidal drugs.
Amit is one of the acaricidal drugs for the treatment of ear mites.
There are many such drugs on the market in the form of drops on the withers, for example, which have a complex effect against some other parasites. In order to clarify the range of such drops in a particular city and clarify all questions of interest, it is best to contact a veterinarian at the same time and receive the necessary appointment and clarifying the necessary frequency of treatments.
We must not forget about individual sensitivity and intolerance to certain drugs , self-treatment can lead to undesirable complications and worsening of the animal's health, and even death.
If an animal has any symptoms of skin diseases, it is necessary to immediately go to a veterinary clinic, not doing amateur activities.
Secondary bacterial infection
Very often, due to the inflammation of the skin, in addition to demodicosis, another problem strains - the secondary bacterial infection. To combat it (and in light cases - for prevention) are assigned antibiotics .
With the development of fungal invasion, it is necessary to prescribe drugs to combat it.
With severe disease, a dropper is indicated for cats.
Emaciated animals may need droppers, vitamins and other supportive drugs. Local treatments may be needed to restore normal skin condition. It should be understood that in advanced cases, treatment may be ineffective.
The running case of a cat's ear mite.
Therefore, timely start of treatment is so important. Treatment generalized form of subcutaneous mite can be delayed for months, so you need more patience. It is necessary to conduct control skin scrapings to track the presence or absence of progress in connection with the treatment, as well as its correction.
Treatment of demodicosis at home can be only in the strict implementation of the prescriptions and recommendations of the veterinarian, and only. Unscrupulousness and initiative in the case of demodicosis can lead to disastrous consequences for the animal.
And we took our cat to the country, and she “caught” a tick. Poor woman, what a serious and painful little face she had while we pulled out a parasite. I hope this does not happen again ...
If you keep a cat at home, then this is your family member. And it requires no less attention than people. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure that she eats, where she walks, what hurts. And take timely action.
Galina, did you come here to teach? Not a single useful word on the topic. Everyone will deal with his animal.
Please tell me an effective remedy for treating wood-shit and a hypodermic tick, which antibiotic is better at injections, I want to cure a stray cat, I am very sorry for him
in vetaptek you will advise and sell the desired drug. 2 shots with an interval of 10 days and everything should go. I fly homeless. made one injection so far. I hope for a happy outcome.
Our cat once had scabby mites - I remember this period as a bad dream. Now every month a reminder in the phone works, that it's time to do the processing. It is me who prophylactically drops drops on the withers of Dana ultra, they are generally from many parasites (fleas, lice, lice), but also from ixodic and scabies ticks. Better to be safe than to be treated later.
I just noticed that the cat had such red foci (well, how irritation is so strong with sukrovitsy in some places wet, that is).on the back, on the face and neck there is no - I did not find anything, mainly on the back along the spine from the shoulder blades to the tail and on the paw from the back side such a rash along the tendons, the store was advised here by this drug amit forte, the first day he smeared the floor of the bottle these foci on the back, in general, in the evening, these foci were formed in a crust and the redness slept, the next day I removed these crusts from his back there practically nothing under them left ...., as I understand it, the main and primary focus to the side of the spine is the redness from where I think This began (see somewhere rubbing it sideways as I think), well, the rest of the floor was smeared there and on the paw on the back side where the tendon is ... well, for now, something like this, watch it for now, eat well like (it was a day when He ate, but now he does not refuse), as I understand this bottle will be small ... it will be necessary to wash the mite with shampoo and even these drops to buy and smear, as I understood it should be smeared with them 1-2 times in 5 days ... Write someone with like The symptoms I encountered would be useful and interesting to know what it was and how to cope with this.
Andrew, only today the veterinarian had this problem as you, the British cat, nor any foci were noticeable, and suddenly there was hair falling from the tail to the back. This is a subcutaneous mite, the entire back and sides were shaved, they were processed, washed (in general, for a long time) 3 injections were made. They gave an ointment, they told how to process.
No article is good. It starts about demodicosis, and ends with scabies. Everything is mixed and chaotic. Asked whether demodecosis is transmitted from a cat to a person, I received no answer ...
Piotr, demodicosis itself can of course be transmitted to humans, it is necessary to observe safety measures when treating an animal. But it is not strange, this Demodex subdermal tick lives on the body of a man and any other animal constantly and shows its aggression only in those cases when your immunity is severely weakened. As soon as you are too cold or have a long and difficult to treat disease, so he, the tick, begins to multiply rapidly and turns this process into a disease. Type in Google - human demoleosis and you will open many sites describing this disease in humans.
I was ill with demodecosis myself, I was treated with antibiotics, I’ll say a terrible sore and now I’m looking at my cat itched and plaques appeared again, everything started again, now we’ll run to the vet and continue to treat the dermatologist together. Coincidence is it? I think infection is possible. And we also live on the first floor in our basement, a terrible cat-reader of a shabby cat, it is clear that the sick
No, people do not get sick (except for acne) I lay down our skin does not like it.
Even as sick! If there is a scratch on the skin and contact occurs, for example, a sick cat or a dog will rub against a person's leg with a scratch ...
Good day to everyone .. I moved to another area of the city .. and suddenly I saw a cat with demodecosis of the face ... and it doesn’t give me any peace .. I don’t take a doctor to the doctor .. it’s not possible to stuff into the carrier .. all day I tried ... I did three shots with an interval of 10 days according to the veterinarian owl ... showing his photo ... there is no result ... it hurts me ... I feed him in the morning and pass by in the evening .. I could infect my domestic cat ... the vet refuses to prescribe another treatment according to the photo ... I cannot transport him. .not given .... very much I want to cure. maybe there are some shots more ... you can prick him while he eats ... ..
Write to me in lichku and if you can send a photo of the cat where you suspect that it is a tick and write what kind of tick made the medicine and how much
if the weight of the cat exceeds 2kg tablet Bravekto solve the problem
Otodektin helped us contains 0.1% ivermectin. Put injections in 10 days, it will help.
It is a wandering dandruff, it is simply treated. Drops Lawyer, on the withers to the cat, after 14 days to repeat. The cat suffered for 6 months, changed 3 doctors until it found the name of the tick itself in the internet.
Were treating the neighbor's cat for subcutaneous tick: we brought it to the clinic in the wind. Where she was given two injections (vitamin and something else) with an interval of 10 days. But the neighbor has another cat who is sick (refuses to treat them). Can the cat that we have treated re-infect? All the neighbors' cats that contacted these cats became infected. And it’s useless to talk to the neighbor! How can you make her treat her cats? Does immunity appear after treatment? After the first injection, the cat was less itchy, and now it itches again.
I had the same problem. At work the cat got sick. The whole face was shabby, all in scabs. Began to search on the Internet how to treat. Somewhere it is written that it is incurable, somewhere that a long-term treatment with injections, droppers and ointments. It does not suit me like a street cat. But one woman suggested to me that she cured her dog with AVERMEK spray. White box with a green stripe below. I sprayed 2 times with an interval of 3 days. After 2 weeks, the result was already visible. Now my pussy sleeps under a tree perfectly healthy. I do not understand why doctors are silent that it is possible to cure an animal so easily and simply, but they prescribe expensive treatment. Spray costs 360 rubles in vetaptek. The result was already two weeks. But if the disease is started it is better to splash a few more times. I do not understand why the doctors are silent that it is so easy and simple to cure an animal, but to prescribe an expensive treatment. Try will not regret. May everyone be healthy.
Hello. I didn’t think that she would touch me, the cat disappeared in the summer and just recently the whole patient returned. I flipped through all the websites and wrote everything differently, I don’t have the opportunity to go to the clinic, please tell me if I can do something at home? The cat is very thin and all the symptoms of a tick, how can we be?
Hello, the cat has greasy fur, it falls out, especially along the spine and tail. The cat smells terrible, eyes fester, on the back of his head a large dry sore. In the vet clinic there is no possibility to bring it, we live very far from the city. Tell me, please, what can it be.
What is demodicosis?
Subcutaneous tick or demodicosis is a parasitic disease. It affects the skin and hair of the cat, and causes its parasitic tick, which is called Demodex (Demodex cati or Demodex gatoi).
Local form of cat demodicosis
Once in the body of an animal, it may not manifest itself in any way until the right moment - a decrease in immunity. Against the background of a weakened organism, demodicosis becomes aggravated and the waste products of the tick poison the cat's organism.
Is cat subcutaneous mite dangerous for humans?
As you know, people also suffer from demodicosis. But the subcutaneous mites that cats and cats suffer from are not infectious and are not transmitted to humans, but deliver a lot of discomfort to the animal itself. The disease in humans and in the cat are caused by different types of parasitic pathogens (in humans it is Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis).
How does the infection occur? Ways to transfer
An animal may become infected with demodicosis when it comes in contact with another sick pet, the kittens may be infected with their mother.
Veterinary practice there are cases when infection with demodicosis occurred during the period of prenatal development of kittens.
Forms of the disease
Veterinarians talk about the allocation of several forms of the disease - localized and generalized.
In the first case, the local part of the body of the animal is affected, or areas of demodicosis can be found in several places on the skin. Whereas signs of demodicosis are absent on the cat's paws.
Such animals are no longer recommended for breeding, as the risk of transmitting the disease to future offspring is high.
Generalized form of the disease
Do not engage in self-treatment of demodicosis cats at home, if he was not appointed by a veterinarian. All drugs whose purpose is to fight the pathogen are highly toxic. Improper dosage and frequency of administration of drugs can lead to the death of the animal!
Subcutaneous mites are very difficult to treat.
For the treatment of localized demodicosis, you must use special shampoos, which include benzoyl peroxide or chlorhexidine.
The affected areas of the skin should be treated with peroxide and chlorhexidine solution, after which apply special medicine for ticks, produced in the form of ointments, gels or linimentov.
If we talk in more detail about drugs and agents against demodex mites, then these are acaricidal drugs.
In some cases, it is recommended to apply special oil solutions. In parallel with external agents, it is recommended to include immunostimulants for cats in therapy.
In the case of a localized form of the disease after a month, remission may occur, the symptoms of inflammation disappear. But do not rush to deceive. This does not mean that the animal is healthy. It is just that the disease is in sleep mode, so that under favorable conditions it can be activated, but in a more severe form.
The nature of the treatment is influenced by the age of the cat and the breed. In order to achieve a stable remission, a long course of therapy is required, which lasts up to 12 months.
Treatment of a generalized form begins with the elimination of the disease, which provoked an outbreak of demodicosis, combining this course with a course of treatment for a localized form of the disease. Reception of vitamins and immunostimulants is obligatory. In severe cases, a course of antibiotics is also prescribed.
The appointment of veterinary drugs should deal with a veterinarian who leads the cat. If necessary, he will adjust the treatment regimen, including in it new drugs and excluding ineffective for your case.
This applies to bowls of cats, cat house, scratching posts, comb for combing wool, toys. If you can not disinfect them - it is better to part with them.
Treatment of folk remedies
There are also folk remedies for treating subcutaneous mites at home, before applying these methods - it is recommended to consult with a veterinarian in order not to harm the pet's health even more.
Such an alternative treatment involves:
- Bathing a cat in a decoction of chamomile every 2-3 days
- Treatment of infected sites with kerosene (2 days do not wash off and do not process the skin after this procedure)
- Treatment of affected skin with calendula tincture
- Washing the cat's skin with soap or gel containing birch tar.
Relying on these methods alone, applied at home, is not worth it. But, as an adjunct therapy, if it is not prohibited by the veterinarian, it can be used.
By maintaining the animal's immunity with vitamin complexes (purchased at a veterinary pharmacy), timely vaccination, systematic treatment of fleas - you reduce the risk of infection with demodicosis.
A timely appeal to the veterinarian, if you suspect a subcutaneous tick and strictly follow its recommendations, allows you to get a favorable prognosis for your cat.
Subcutaneous tick (demodicosis) in cats
Demodecosis in cats is a parasitic disease that affects the skin and hair of animals. The cause of this disease is Demodex subcutaneous mite.
Cats of different breeds and at any age suffer from demodicosis. Infection occurs through contact with sick animals, kittens can pick up the subcutaneous tick from the mother. Also known cases of intrauterine infection.
The thing is that the cat's subcutaneous mite can be present constantly and in the normal state of health of the animal does not manifest itself. But, as soon as the pet has a decrease in immunity, the parasite's vital activity products begin to adversely affect the pet's organism.
There are two forms of the disease:
- localized - one area of the animal’s body is affected, sometimes several areas are affected, but there are no signs of disease on the legs,
- generalized - several sites on the body of the animal are affected and the paws of the cat are involved in the process, this form is more severe than the localized one. It should be noted that after the cats tolerate this form of demodicosis, most veterinarians advise to sterilize pets. This is because the risk of inheritance of the subcutaneous tick is high.
Usually, the symptoms of demodicosis in cats develop gradually, and the earlier you seek medical help, the higher the chances of recovery of your pet.
- skin redness
- the appearance of rash in the form of nodules or small pustules,
- deterioration in the appearance of wool,
- there is such a characteristic symptom as "demodectic glasses" - hair loss and peeling of the skin around the eyes,
- hair loss and peeling of the skin on the head, ears, neck (with a localized form of demodicosis), as well as on the legs and torso (with a generalized form of the disease),
- violation of skin pigmentation,
- wounds that bleed
- in the case of a generalized form, a lesion of the internal organs is noted, which affects the general condition of the animal - weakness, apathy, loss of appetite, etc.
Treatment of disease
A month after a month, the localized form of the subcutaneous mite can give remission, that is, the inflammatory process subsides, and the external manifestations of the disease gradually disappear. But this does not at all indicate that the animal has recovered, especially if you did not use the treatment.
Just a tick for a while, so to speak, lurked and already the next outbreak of the disease will develop into a more severe form. Therefore, it is extremely important to diagnose the disease at an early stage and begin adequate treatment of demodicosis. The nature of the treatment may differ from the breed of the cat.
Localized form. In the case of subcutaneous tick in cats, Doctor shampoos with benzoyl peroxide or “Elite” with chlorhexidine are used to cleanse the skin.
The affected areas are treated with chlorhexidine solution or hydrogen peroxide. Thus, cleansing the skin from scabs and crusts. After treatment, the skin should be gently and dry.
If the vet does not prohibit you from using Tsiteal, then this drug can be diluted with water and wash the affected parts of the cat's body, then rinse and dry. This procedure is performed once every 2-3 days.
Use dermal application of Stronghold or Advocate using the scheme: 2-4 application at intervals of one month on the skin in the area of the cat's shoulder blades.
After cleansing the affected areas from crusts, you can apply ointments, gels or liniments: sulfur ointment, liniment Demos, Amidel-gel, Ivermek-gel, ointment Aversectin.
Against the subcutaneous tick in cats, special agents are used, which must be diluted before use according to the instructions, and then sprayed or smeared affected areas of the body with the resulting solution - Neostomazan, sprays ready for use - Acaromectin, Ivermek, Tsidem, Perol.
It is necessary to use the drugs in the complex, observing all the prescriptions of the veterinarian plus drugs that stimulate the immune system: Immunoparasitan, Gamavit, Gala-vet, Immunol, Maxidin.
Generalized form of demodicosis. Treatment of this form of subcutaneous mite must begin, first of all, with the elimination of the primary disease that caused the exacerbation of demodicosis.
Externally, the same drugs are used for the treatment of demodicosis in cats, as in the localized form.
The administration of Dectomax (0.3 ml per 3.5 kg of cat weight) or Cydectin (0.4 ml single dose) should be strictly recommended and supervised by a veterinarian, as these drugs can be dangerous to the health of the pet.
If a secondary infection joins, the doctor prescribes antibiotic injections - Kanamycin, Betamoks, Baytril, Amoxicillin, etc.
In any form of subcutaneous tick in cats, it is imperative to use vitamin-mineral complexes and immunostimulating preparations.
It should be sanitized household items cats, ranging from pans for food and ending lounger.
Prevention of demodicosis in cats
The main preventive measure is to maintain your pet's immunity through timely and regular vaccination, balanced nutrition, providing the cat with vitamins and minerals.
A huge role in the prevention of demodicosis in cats is played by the systematic treatment of the animal from fleas and ticks.
Is the cat's hypodermic tick dangerous to humans?
Despite the fact that people also suffer from demodicosis, a subcutaneous mite that cats suffer is absolutely safe for humans. Disease in humans and cats cause different types of parasites.
But be careful, if you have several cats and one of them got sick with demodicosis, then you should isolate it and watch the rest of your pets in order to detect the infection in the early stages.
Subcutaneous tick in cats
Subcutaneous tick in cats or demodicosis is a parasitic disease, in which skin can be affected with the pet's hair. The cause of the disease is Demodex mite. The cat may fall ill after contact with sick individuals.
If the cat is healthy, the parasite is in the animal's body, not letting itself know. But when the pet's immune system weakens with any disease, the tick begins its dangerous activity.
Thus, there are two forms of demodicosis:
- Localized Lesions are minor, there are no lesions on the legs.
- Generalized. Пораженных участков больше двух и болезнь распространяется на лапы кота. После выздоровления от этой формы болезни, кота или кошку следует стерилизовать, чтоб клещ не унаследовало потомство животного.
Зачастую демодекоз имеет ярко выраженную форму не сразу. The sooner the animal owner notices the disease and starts treatment, the greater the chances of a painless condition and a quick recovery of the cat.
The most common symptoms of this disease are:
- the spread on the body of scales or nodules with insignificant discharge of pus,
- change in the volume of wool,
- severe redness of the skin,
- peeling around the eyes or “demodectic glasses”,
- the wool begins to fall out in shreds
- discoloration of the dermis,
- severe itching
- wounds with blood clots,
- in a neglected form, a violation of the internal organs of the animal is possible,
- decreased appetite
At any stage of the disease by the subcutaneous tick, the cat needs vitamins and immunostimulating drugs.
To avoid the appearance of this disease in a cat, it is important to keep the house clean. Rinse toys regularly and wash rugs and pillows that the pet likes to sit on. Dishes for food must often be disinfected.
It is also worth freeing the cat from contacting domestic animals. If several cats live in your house at once, the sick individual should be isolated before recovery and carefully monitor the condition of the second one. To diagnose subcutaneous tick in early development.
How to treat at home?
It should be said that such treatment may cause irreparable harm to the health of the four-legged. The main methods of therapy at home include the following:
- Once every 2 days the cat needs to make baths of chamomile decoction and bathe it in them.
- Treat the affected areas with calendula tincture.
- The area of localization of the subcutaneous mite can be treated with kerosene 1 time in 2 days, without washing it off after application.
- You can wash diseased cat skin with birch tar soap.
Subcutaneous mites in cats - the phenomenon is quite frequent. And if you do not start the process, and identify the symptoms of the disease at an early stage, then the illness does not give complications, and its treatment passes quickly.
Symptoms and treatment of various forms of subcutaneous tick in cats
Domestic cats can be affected by an endoparasitic tick, which is the causative agent of a disease such as demodicosis. Most often, the disease occurs after contact of a pet with an infected animal.
Living on the animal's body, it begins to multiply, laying eggs at the same time in the hair follicles. After some time, the cat has symptoms that can be easily detected.
Main signs and symptoms
The parasitic subcutaneous mite mainly on the abdomen, neck, ears, face and tail. It can live on a cat for a long time, and at the same time no signs and symptoms of its presence may occur. However, as soon as the pet has low immunity, demodicosis will begin to develop, and its symptoms will begin to manifest themselves:
- Worsened appearance of wool.
- A scaling appears around the eyes.
- Skin pigmentation is impaired.
- Dandruff is found all over the coat.
- In some areas, wool begins to fall out in small scraps.
- Acne appears.
- The animal has itching and discomfort, as a result of which it constantly itches, brushing the affected areas to the blood.
- The affected area is covered with a hardened growth, the height of which can reach 2-12 mm.
- From the small hole of the top of the growth, the ichor constantly oozes.
- On the bald areas of the skin, small pustules appear, and the skin itself becomes pearlescent.
Such symptoms arise due to the fact that the tick under the skin makes moves, constantly moves and leaves the products of its vital activity.
The tick and the cat should be taken immediately to the veterinary clinic, where the specialist will diagnose and prescribe the correct treatment.
Treatment of a Subcutaneous Tick in a Cat
Treatment for each pet must be assigned individually. Also, treatment depends on the form of the disease.
Localized form. First of all, at home, the animal is washed with the help of special shampoos that cleanse the skin. To do this, use shampoo "Elite" with chlorhexidine or shampoo "Doctor" with benzoyl peroxide.
With an interval of 2-4 times a month, the drug Advocate or Stronghold is applied to the skin of the animal in the area of the shoulder blades. The use of Butox 50 and Amitraz preparations, which are used according to the instructions, is recommended.
The areas suffering from a hypodermic tick can be treated with Cytheal solution, the use of which must be authorized by the doctor. After using the drug, the animal must be rinsed and dried well. The procedure must be repeated at least 2-3 times a day.
As soon as the affected areas are rid of the crusts, one of the recommended products should be applied to them:
- Aversectin ointment
- Ivermek gel,
- Amidel gel,
- Liniment Demos,
- sulfur ointment.
After cleansing from scales and scabs, it is best to apply oil solutions to wounds and areas with loose hair, such as Amit, Ectodes, Tsipam, Microdemocide.
For the treatment of demodicosis, experts often prescribe special products in the form of ointments or sprays:
Depending on the form of release of the drug, the area affected by the subcutaneous mite is smeared or sprayed according to the attached instructions.
Treatment of demodicosis should be comprehensive. Along with the use of special shampoos, ointments and sprays, the cat should be given drugs that enhance immunity. These include:
To restore the strength of his pet, it is necessary to provide good nutrition and non-carbonated mineral water.
Generalized form. This form of demodicosis is much more difficult to treat, since the lesions are present almost throughout the body, and large areas of skin are affected. But, if even on the body of an animal ulcers have already formed, and the skin is very irritated, it can be cured. In this case, the treatment will depend on the degree of infection, age, sex and weight of the cat.
For greater effect of the pet, it is recommended to cut it and wash it with the help of medical shampoos. Then the affected areas are lubricated with special oils that must be well absorbed. At this time, so that the cat does not lick the drug, it must be kept. As soon as the oil is absorbed, the skin is treated with a subcutaneous mite agent, which the doctor has prescribed.
In severe cases, the animal is given injections of Cydecten at a dose of 0.4 ml at a time, or Dectomax, which is calculated depending on the weight of the cat. They can be used only on the recommendation of a veterinarian and under strict supervision.
If a secondary infection joins demotecosis, and the disease passes with a complication, the doctor may prescribe a course of one of the following antibiotics:
To restore the immunity of animals, the drug Ligfol has proven itself, which is recommended to be taken in combination with the treatment of subcutaneous ticks. Do not forget that the nutrition of the animal must be complete and rich in vitamins and minerals.
Subcutaneous mite in cats (demodicosis): what owners need to know
A subcutaneous mite is a common parasite that infects many animals. Interestingly, in cats and dogs, these ticks are different. The cats subcutaneous tick is Demodex gatoi and Demodex cati.
Infection occurs when a healthy animal comes in contact with a patient. Interestingly, with a strong immunity in a cat, it can be a carrier, but not suffer from unpleasant symptoms. There are even predisposing factors, including genetic ones.
Symptoms and signs
It is not always possible in time to detect signs of subcutaneous tick in cats on time, because the symptoms may be mild, or demodicosis appears many months after infection.
For example, if a cat has a viral illness, and its body weakens, the parasite is likely to begin active actions.
With a disease such as subcutaneous tick in cats, the symptoms are as follows:
- First, bumps appear on the skin, from which the ichor drips,
- The skin around the place where the tick has settled begins to redden and thicken,
- After some time, the hair on the affected area falls out,
- Starts peeling of the skin, causing itching.
Cats have several forms of the disease. The simplest is scaly, or localized. It is the least dangerous, and often the course of the disease does not cause the cat anxiety. Frequent cases of self-healing.
For the animal, the pustular and papular forms turn out to be more unpleasant for the animal, and the most dangerous - mixed.
With complex generalized demodicosis, ticks clog the cat's body with the products of its vital activity so much that it begins to become intoxicated. This leads to a weakening of immunity, weight loss, violation of the protective functions of the skin. Foci of ulcers, folliculitis may appear, lymph nodes grow.
Subspecies of parasites
Subcutaneous tick in cats is incredibly small in size. It can not be seen with the naked eye. A veterinarian does a microscopic examination and this is the only way to see microorganisms that cause demodicosis. Experts identify two subspecies of the disease - generalized and localized. In the first case, the disease proceeds much more difficult, because parasites attack large parts of the body. In the second case, the problem is less dangerous, since only a separate part of the body is affected, but such a situation with a pet requires attention.
The generalized form of the disease is also dangerous due to the fact that after complete cure, the subcutaneous tick in cats is transmitted to future offspring. Therefore, it is recommended to sterilize the animal after treatment in order to prevent the appearance of sick kittens.
Symptoms of the disease
All lovers of quadrupeds, it is important to know what a subcutaneous mite in cats, the symptoms and treatment needed in this case. The disease is dangerous because it is difficult to notice it immediately. When visible symptoms appear, the parasites are already attacking most of the body. Therefore, in case of any suspicion of demodicosis, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian. The longer the tick parasitizes on the animal's skin, the more it affects the decrease in immunity. This leads to the fact that cats start to get sick often. The first symptoms that should alert the host are the following:
- Wool rubbed its former gloss and silkiness.
- The skin around the eyes reddened and began to peel off. Dandruff may be observed.
- Permanent itching causes the pet to tear out shreds of wool and itch with claws and teeth.
- Wool can independently fall out in whole bunches.
- On the skin you can find small growths, slightly protruding above the surface.
- On bald areas appear pustules. Gradually the suckling begins to trickle.
The subcutaneous tick in cats becomes a big problem. Treatment is complex and begins with therapeutic baths. The vet usually recommends specialized tools that are designed to clean the skin and coat of the animal - "Elite" or "Doctor." After bathing, all crusts must be cleaned and sanitized well with Chlorhexidine. Allowed to replace the funds for hydrogen peroxide. After processing, it is necessary to allow the crusts to dry well.
This treatment will clean the skin from scabs. After that, the vet examines the cat again and prescribes one of the following drugs:
It is possible that the specialist will also recommend the use of sulfur ointment. In addition to the means that have a local impact, drugs will be required to increase immunity. It can be - "Immunol" or "Maxidine". If a subcutaneous tick is detected in cats in time, the treatment has a favorable outcome.
If the disease has already spread to large areas of skin, then treatment will be much more difficult. It does not always lead to a positive result. All veterinarians agree that the animal must be cut to begin. This is done in order to pinpoint the location of skin lesions by parasites and to facilitate the procedure of ointment treatment.
Quite a long time and it is difficult to destroy the generalized subcutaneous mite in cats. Symptoms and treatment in this case do not change dramatically, but require the use of additional drugs. To begin with, a scheme is assigned, as in the localized form. After that, you will need injections to the cat from the subcutaneous tick, because this form often causes complications. For injection used solution "Cydectin".
For effective treatment, antibiotic therapy is prescribed. Veterinarians may prescribe one of the following drugs:
After the course it is important to maintain the health of the cat and restore its immune strength. For this well suited means "Ligfol." Vitamin-mineral complex is also a mandatory item in the treatment of generalized forms of subcutaneous ticks.
It is important to understand that if the disease has spread to many parts of the body, then a veterinarian should prescribe treatment. At home, you can carry out all the procedures, but the specialist must control the process. Only a doctor can prescribe how to treat subcutaneous tick in cats, as well as select the appropriate drugs. Often, drugs that are suitable for one cat may not suit another pet at all.
Traditional methods of treatment
It should be clearly understood that the subcutaneous tick in cats is a rather dangerous disease. Therefore, to self-medicate without the consent of the vet is prohibited. Such actions may lead to irreversible consequences. The skin of cats is very thin and sensitive to all kinds of amateur medicines. Apply folk remedies for demodicosis is possible if the veterinarian approves them and does not find contraindications.
The most common methods that can be resorted to at home are:
- Bathing every three days using a specialized shampoo. After the procedure, wounds are processed with sage tinctures. You can use chamomile.
- If there is no special shampoo, you can use tar soap. Bathing should also take place once every three days. After that, the affected areas are treated with calendula tincture.
- If the conditions do not allow using other methods, it is possible to treat pustules with kerosene. It is necessary to wait for the wounds to dry completely, and then to bathe the animal.
How to cure a subcutaneous tick in a cat will be prompted only by the attending physician. As an addition to the prescribed treatment can be used folk remedies. However, in this case, monitoring the state of the cat should be constant.
It is important to understand what the subcutaneous mite looks like in cats. This is necessary in order to seek help and appropriate treatment in time. In order not to fight the disease, it is easier to warn. The main means of prevention is to treat a pet with antiparasitic drugs that get rid of ticks and fleas. It is also necessary to give drugs for worms and make sure that the pet's nutrition is complete and balanced.
It is better to limit contact with animals whose state of health causes concern. Safety net is much easier than the subsequent treatment of demodicosis. It is also important to maintain the pet's immune strength if it is often sick. Necessary drugs can advise the vet.
A rather unpleasant and difficult to treat disease - subcutaneous tick in cats. Symptoms are important to notice as soon as possible, because the prognosis significantly depends on the form of the disease.
The problem of demodicosis is not only in the complexity of diagnosis and the upcoming treatment. The disease brings discomfort to the animal and many unpleasant moments. The skin constantly scratches, the cat tears it with claws and puts a secondary infection in the wounds. Pustules appear, the undermined immunity does not allow to successfully fight the disease, therefore side diseases can join.
Many people mistakenly believe that the tick does not harm the cat, except for the constant itch. But this position is not correct. Parasites may well be carriers of many dangerous diseases. Ticks can not only get under the skin, causing severe discomfort, but also in the ears, leading to problems with hearing.
Danger to humans
It is necessary to take special care in treating a sick pet, because there is a risk of getting inflammation if the owner of the animal has wounds or abrasions on the skin. Many are interested in whether the subcutaneous mite in cats is transmitted to humans or not.
This creature is parasitic only on cats. People sometimes suffer from a similar form of demodicosis, but it causes a completely different tick, constantly living in human sebaceous ducts. It activates its activity while reducing the immunity of its owner. This disease has no connection with animals. However, there is a risk that a cat tick will cause an allergic reaction in a person.
A cat infected with a subcutaneous mite can behave rather aggressively. Therefore, the processing should take special precaution. Always protect your hands and do not allow yourself to be scratched.
In addition to the treatment directly to the pet, all things belonging to him are subject to disinfection. This applies to beds, bowls, favorite toys. Необходимо обработать специальными препаратами ковры и текстиль в доме.
Стоит отметить, что основной успех в лечении зависит от своевременного обращения
в ветеринарную клинику. Sometimes it is required to process a pet in the hospital and only with a local form treatment is possible at home. The whole process can take up to one year.