In the article I will consider such a breed of dogs as the English Toy Terrier. In addition to the general description, I will talk about: the history of the breed's origin, the nature, the rules of care and maintenance, the special features of training, the diseases inherent in this breed and the cost of puppies.
Breed description English Toy Terrier
English toy terrier is a miniature breed of dog. Lean and small-sized body, elongated muzzle, high-set and upright ears, large and dark eyes. With proper care, the dog's coat is thick, with a characteristic gold or metallic luster.
English toy terrier is a well-built dog.
It has a black-red color, variations are unacceptable. The arrangement of colors looks like this: the main black color covering the back, limbs, ears and face of the dog, and clearly distinguishable red tan. The scoriae are located in the area of the nose, pass through the neck, chest and abdomen, ending with the extremities on the inside.
The first mention of the English toy terriers originated in the middle of the XIX century. People needed a miniature dog to catch rats and participate in special rat battles. After the ban on the organization of fighting, the breed began to specialize as a decorative and exhibition dog. The first representatives came from their large counterparts, called the Manchester Terrier. This breed has not survived to our time.
The terrier was taken out of England and settled in the United States of America and Canada. For a long time in these countries there were extremely limited populations and only in 1962 the breed was declared official and spread throughout the world.
Rules of maintenance and care
Short hair and miniature sizes do not require special care efforts from the owner. It is important to follow only a number of easily enforceable rules:
- The breed has no undercoat, so the process of molting is rare. English toy terrier is enough to comb only when necessary, avoiding regular procedures.
- Periodically, wool must be treated with a special rubber glove. You can purchase this item of care in any pet store.
- Has some problems with teeth. They provoke bad breath and tooth decay. It is important to teach your pet to brush your teeth since puppyhood.
- Short hair is not able to protect the body from low temperature, so in the winter season it is recommended to wear comfortable and warm overalls to miniature pets. You can buy overalls, as well as other accessories and clothing for dogs, in pet stores.
- Due to the insignificant coat of wool in the summer and in the heat, it is necessary to reduce the number and duration of walks. This reduces the chance of overheating or sunstroke.
- Once a month it is recommended to visit a veterinarian for clipping claws (this can be done at home, if you have a set of certain knowledge).
- It is enough to carry out a full bathing procedure 3-5 times a year. Bathing occurs depending on the degree of pollution, but not regularly.
Dry balanced feed - the best option when choosing a diet for a pet. In these feeds there are all the necessary components that support the health of the dog, supply it with certain vitamins, have no chemical and dangerous elements. It is important to pay attention to the percentage of components that make up the product: the amount of meat components should be at least 60%, the remaining proportion - nutrients and minerals.
The basic requirement for nutrition - the diet should be healthy and balanced.
The highest quality dry food:
- Purina pro plan
- Royal canin
Make sure there is a separate bowl of drinking water next to the food. This water must be changed daily.
English toy terrier has a very friendly character. Pay attention to the restlessness and energy of these dogs: they want to participate in everything and everywhere, they almost never sit in one place. It is recommended to take long walks with your pet, avoiding a leash and leash. The breed also has the qualities of a guard, informing the owner about the approach of strangers by ringing barking. But to put on a chain or use as a permanent guard is strictly prohibited.
English toy terrier is active and may abuse freedom. Therefore, it is important from the first months to designate the framework of what is permitted to a pet, to teach him to respect his master. The dog's energetic temperament somewhat interferes with the training, and the owner must have patience, diligence and perseverance. You can not resort to physical punishment and rudeness. This only provokes the dog to anger, make it shy and zashugannoy. English toy terrier has a great acumen and quickly learns the basic commands and rules of conduct at home and on the street.
No characteristic breed of disease is available. Basically there are diseases characteristic of small breeds:
- heavy low temperature transfer
- joint diseases
- diseases of the cardiovascular system
The breed has a sufficiently strong immunity, in favorable conditions, lives happily ever after.
The cost of healthy and pedigree puppies of English toy terrier varies from 20,000 rubles to 40,000 rubles. On the territory of Russia there are no clubs of national character that would specialize in this breed, but there are professional nurseries.
English toy terrier is a great family dog. With proper training and meticulous care, she will give the owner affection, love, and many happy years spent together.
How to choose a toy terrier
The first thing when buying a puppy is to ask the breeders to show his mother. It would be useful to see the father of the baby, but most of the males are from other owners. When examining a mother, it is important to pay attention to whether she is a calm and balanced dog with traditional anatomical composition. If she begins to tremble, fear, or show excessive aggression, this indicates the instability of her mental state, which can be transmitted at the genetic level.
Also pay attention to the behavior of the puppy. Breed toy terrier is distinguished by its activity and playfulness. Of the external signs, the puppy should have a shiny coat with no visible bald patches. It is worth noting that the young toy terrier has several zones where the skin can peek, for example, at the temples and in the chest area. It is important that the ears and eyes of the dog are clean. Any discharge in these areas indicates puppy disease. The nose should be wet and shine slightly. When choosing a pet is recommended to pay attention to his teeth. Toy terrier should have the right bite, even if he is only about a month old. It is important that the fangs are not moved forward or backward. By the age of 1.5 months, a puppy should have 12 milk incisors.
When buying a toy terrier, you should also find out its pedigree, which is recorded in a special passport of its parents. After the first vaccinations, the puppy has a document certifying its main veterinary indicators. In small dogs, many diseases are widespread, which can later be transmitted to both the rest of the animals and their owners. Therefore, when choosing a pet, his veterinary passport is so important, in which vaccinations given to him, and then his pedigree, must be noted.
Care for a toy terrier
Dogs of this breed are very unpretentious, and special care is not required. Most often, toy terriers do not need haircuts and regular combing. Trimming these pets is also not needed.
If family members are constantly busy and do not have a lot of free time to give it to the dog, then the toy terrier will be an ideal option. Care and maintenance of this breed will require a minimum of effort. This is one of the many advantages of toy terriers. What needs to be paid attention to is eyes, ears, hair and claws. When bathing a pet you should definitely use the appropriate shampoo so that the skin does not exfoliate, and there is no itching. The claws of toy terriers grow and sharpen very quickly, so they need to be cut regularly. There are almost no problems with the teeth of this breed, but once a month it will be useful to clean them with a special paste. Caring for a toy terrier also involves rubbing the eyes and ears with a damp cotton pad a couple of times a week.
When purchasing a puppy, you should first take care of its place to sleep indoors. It should not be in the aisle, where the wind will constantly blow through, near heating devices and batteries. The puppy should sleep in a cozy and warm place, which is a kind of house, that is, a closed space so that the baby can quietly retire to sleep. Often, pets hide toys or food in their nests.
What should look like a place where the toy terrier will rest? Care and maintenance of these dogs is to create for the pet the most comfortable environment for his life and growth. In the early stages of development, any puppy with a special zeal learns the world around him, starting with his rightful place. Therefore, it is useful to choose a suitable litter that your pet could nibble and null in it during sleep. The best option would be an old sweater or a large fluffy towel. Pillows or mattresses are strictly excluded, as they contain stuffing, which later turns out to be all over the apartment or can get stuck in the puppy's airways.
The most important points that need to be paid attention to when a toy terrier appears in the house are care and maintenance, as well as an understanding of what the puppy needs and what we should urgently wean. You can not take a pet with you to bed. The temptation is great, but in the end it can lead to disastrous consequences. The bone system in such breeds of dogs is very fragile, so a jump even from the height of the sofa can lead to a serious fracture. There have been cases when adult toy terriers in a dream fell from a bed and died from their injuries.
Representatives of this breed are always very curious, so it is important to limit their access to electrical wires. You should also pay special attention to the content of the toy terrier during vaccination. Within a few days after the injection, the pet's body is very weakened, so it is necessary to exclude its contact with outdoor shoes and dirty floor in the hallway. During this period, the dog's immune system is particularly vulnerable to infections.
In the case of repair or cleaning on the floor there should not be small items, as for a toy terrier there is enough a small piece of wallpaper with a pea to choke.
The basics of proper feeding
Despite their tiny size, toy terriers are predators, so they need constant protein food. The daily menu of representatives of this breed must include meat. It is worth noting that pork and lamb are strictly contraindicated to them. The diet of terriers should also contain dairy products, cereals and boiled eggs. It would be useful once a day to enrich the pet menu with boiled vegetables. In turn, it is recommended to protect the dog from sweet and flour products, as well as from legumes and spicy dishes. Feeding a toy terrier should take place on schedule. Up to 4 months, the daily ration of puppies should be divided into 5 parts. From one year old, the pet should receive food 3 times a day. With age, the dog will start dispensing its daily menu itself.
The toy terrier gives in to training much easier, than representatives of many other breeds. This is a very clever dog, which can easily assimilate any commands. When raising a pet, it is important that he understands and fulfills the owner’s requirements from the first time. Teams are recommended to work on the street and at home so that the dog performs them regardless of its environment. Toy terriers very quickly understand where their toilet is, what things cannot be eaten, from whose hands one can eat. The main thing is to put a pet within the limits of what is permitted in time and clearly explain it to him.
How to teach to the toilet
Teaching a puppy to cleanliness is a priority for its owners. It is best to teach your pet to the toilet in the age of two months. For this, a special cell with a pallet is well suited. Puppies often defecate in the same place where they sleep. After a few days, the tray becomes saturated with odor and can be removed from under the cage. Subsequently, the puppy will need to be put on it regularly, so that he will understand where he will continue to need. Toy terrier, care and maintenance of which do not require special skills, is rightfully considered one of the most neat and intelligent dogs.
It is believed that representatives of this breed can not walk on the street, as they may well dispense in the tray, like cats. In the case when outside the window is a severe frost or windy rainy weather, this option is the most acceptable. However, nature always takes its toll, and if you sharpen a pet in the four walls, whining and barking will not take long to wait.
Caring for a toy terrier involves regular walks in the fresh air. On the street, the dog may be for a long time, if the weather is to that extent Upon returning home, wash your paws and wipe dry.
Toy Terrier Vaccinations
Traditionally, they are divided into 2 stages: the first is done by a puppy at the age of 6 weeks, and the second is done in a month. For travel, you need to vaccinate a pet against the plague of carnivores, leptospirosis, hepatitis and enteritis. Vaccinations of toy-terriers for rabies do at the age of 3 months.
Information about all injections made is recorded in the pet's veterinary passport. Each vaccination must be certified with the appropriate seal.
Historical information about the breed
The story began in medieval England, during a terrible epidemic of plague, the carriers of which were rats. To combat the invasion of rodents, people attracted dogs of different breeds.
The best Pied Piper were Manchester terriers.
Over time, there was a separation of the light weight category, miniature black and tan representatives.
Officially, the division was recorded in 1920, and the modern name for them appeared in 1962.
Today, the English toy terrier is in the list of rare breeds.
Kennel - the club to take care of the safety of its gene pool and viability, prevalence.
Bred in Europe, North America, Australia, a little in Russia.
Appearance and standards
Smooth thick black wool with a rich chestnut tan.
The tan is located, in particular, above the eyes, on the inner part of the ears, on the lateral parts of the muzzle, in the form of an inverted isosceles triangle on the chest.
English toy terrier reminds Doberman in miniature. The ideal weight is 2.7-3.6 kilograms, height is 25-30 centimeters at the withers.
Protruding ears, in view of the flame of a candle, should be planted close one to one, higher on the back portion of the skull.
The size of the ear is such that bending it forward should not reach the eye. Long wedge-shaped head, has no clear outlines of the cheekbones. Correct bite, closed lips.
The lower jaw is strong, well-defined. Having hunting roots, the dog has an excellent physical form: dry build, externally elegant harmonious and compact.
Slightly stretched body format. The tail with a thick base and narrow to the end, does not fall below the jumping joint. And if he is always bullied up, then this is a clear sign of a defect in the breed.
The eyes of the English toy terrier are small, almond-shaped in an oblique section, with a characteristic luster, can be from dark to black, there is no bright shade of the iris.
Despite the fact that the breed was bred to fight rats, its main characteristics are playfulness and friendliness, as well as restlessness, courage and loyalty.
Because of love of freedom and the desire for independence on walks prefers the absence of a leash.
Almost always in motion and likes to poke his nose everywhere.
Possesses guarding qualities, bravely protects his house and owners from danger, often with ringing barking. Never get on your nerves excessively.
A puppy, distinguished by the vividness of a developed mind, requires education from the first months.
The main focus of the training is learning the rules of cohabitation with a person. It is necessary to immediately outline the scope of permissiveness and emphasize who is the boss.
For the preservation of furniture and your belongings, purchase special toys for your dog. Be sure to get a comfortable sleeping place for a pet, so as not to provoke him to go to bed in the owner's bed.
Being very smart, the English toy terrier learns the commands well, but on the part of the owner it is very important to show tolerance and restraint in the process.
Because the puppy takes enough time to get used to the person and the environment. Кроме того, они довольно упрямы и своенравны.
Однако надо приучать к порядку не напугав его, а зарабатывая доверие. Использования насилия и принуждения совершенно неуместны.
Уход и питание
В отличие от многих породистых собак, английский той терьер не прихотлив, не нуждается в специфическом уходе. Нужно производить периодические гигиенические процедуры.
Wool needs cleaning about 1 time in 3-4 months, it all depends on the degree of contamination and the level of activity.
On walks, do not forget about the flea collar. In cold and rainy weather, it is better to dress the baby so that he does not catch a cold.
It is very important for a puppy to have a balanced diet, the necessary content of live protein (meat), carbohydrates, fats, fiber, a complex of vitamins, minerals, bicarbonates, and so on.
Since there is a special susceptibility to diseases of the eyes and teeth.
English toy terrier, which you can see in the photo below, will be devoted and affectionate to all members of your family.
In this video you will learn in detail about how to properly organize the proper care, nutrition and maintenance of dogs of this breed.
Features care for an English toy terrier
Compact size allows you to keep dogs of this breed both in apartments and in private homes. Of course, in a large own courtyard, a toy terrier will be able to rush around and bark at passers-by, guarding his family. But apartment pets will need to walk several times a day, during which the dog will be able to throw out the energy accumulated during the day. A terrier will gladly carry you a toy or just run along for as long as you want.
The problem can be a walk in the winter or in inclement autumn weather. Since the toy terriers have a very short hair coat, they quickly supercool and can get sick. Walking in these seasons should be reduced in time, and special overalls should be worn on the dog.
Subtleties of hygiene English toy terrier
- Thanks to the short woolen coat of the toya - you will not notice much wool on the surface of the furniture or on the floor. During the shedding, the dog should be combed out every other day, and for the shine of the wool, you can use a special rubber glove manufactured by Trixie. Regular massaging of the skin will contribute to the active renewal and growth of wool.
- It is rarely necessary to bathe dogs of this breed using hypoallergenic shampoos, for example, manufactured by Crown Royale. Too frequent use of detergents can lead to drying of the skin of the dog.
- Regularly check the condition of the toi claws, if necessary trim them with a clipper.
- Also, two or three times a week, check the dog’s ears for contaminants that can be removed using a cotton swab dipped in special lotions, such as Excel Ear Cleansing Liquid. It is not recommended to wipe the ears with hydrogen peroxide and other solutions, as the skin of toy-terrier's ears is very thin and delicate, and aggressive liquids can overdry or cause allergies.
- Regularly inspect the eyes and nose of a pet, they should be clean, without secretions and crusts. Periodically, you can wipe them from dust with a clean cloth moistened in boiled water.
- Particular attention should be paid to the teeth of the animal, make sure that no tartar appears on them. Once a week, the dog can brush their teeth or buy bones from special materials for crushing.
Nutrition Features of an English Toy Terrier
Owners of miniature tooy often have a logical question: what is to feed this baby? And in what quantities to make the dog feel good?
If you decide to feed the terrier dog with ready-made dog food, then choose premium or super premium food for small dogs, for example:
Dry food is good because vitamins, minerals and trace elements are already balanced in the necessary quantities. Eating it for food, the dog will receive a daily rate of all nutrients.
If your toy terrier eats natural products, then feed it in very small portions to avoid digestive problems. Remember that you should not dramatically change the diet and introduce new products in large quantities, it is also necessary to periodically add special vitamins to food, selected by a veterinarian.
So, what can and what can not eat English toy terrier:
- Meat should be somewhere around 30% of the dog's daily ration. You can give beef, veal, a little home chicken (as a shopping bird can easily cause allergies). Treat the dog with beef heart or liver periodically. Remember the processing of meat products: be sure to blot them before feeding.
- Occasionally (several times a month) indulge a terrier with low-fat fish: pink salmon, salmon, trout.
- Several times a week, give the dog a porridge, preferably rice or buckwheat, cooked in vegetable broth or milk.
- Pick up those vegetables that your pet likes, and add them raw, grated to meat every day. Most of all toyam like cucumbers, zucchini, carrots.
- For better digestion of food, sometimes add a couple of drops of olive oil.
- The presence of dairy products in the diet is compulsory: not very fat milk, kefir, ryazhenka, cottage cheese. It is best to choose the milk that is designed for children, so more likely that it is well absorbed by the digestive system of the dog.
- A couple of times a month you can pamper your dog with apricots, apples or pears, if, of course, your pet loves them.
Toy terriers are very big lovers of tight eating, so if you do not want your slim baby turned into a keg on thin legs - follow the diet. Puppies are fed fractionally, up to 6 times a day. From about 3-4 months you can switch to 4 meals a day, and from six months to feed in the "adult" mode, that is, twice a day.
Description and characteristics of the breed
The appearance of a miniature English toy terrier is associated with a charming fawn because of the presence of thin long legs, large eyes and a typical color.
Funny, playful and friendly dogs easily find a common language with other people, including children.
It is interesting! These completely toy animals at one time received the nickname catcher rats, since they were originally created for this purpose. Toy terriers are now often used to kill rodents.
For many years, breeders tried to achieve from the breed more and more miniature size, trying to reduce toev to the size of the human palm. However, such experiments provoked multiple problems with the health of the dogs, and the breeders abandoned their attempts.
Modern English toi - miniature decorative dogs, bold and intelligent. A distinctive feature of these creatures is unlimited devotion to the owner. The maintenance of toy, as a rule, does not cause problems: these dogs are simple in care, healthy and unpretentious.
History of origin
About 2 centuries ago, English dog breeders created a new breed of dog called the Terrier. These animals were used to hunt rats, badgers and other small animals, but gradually they became exclusively exhibition samples. And although the English toy terrier does not impress the brave and brave hunter, in fact, these creatures are distinguished by incredible courage and bravery.
These dogs quickly gained love and popularity among the English. Queen Victoria herself was captivated by the appearance and charm of toy terriers.
Over time, some of the representatives of the breed left England and were exported to the United States. There, the population of these animals developed separately from their European counterparts. In America, such dogs were called Manchester toy terriers. In the 50s of the twentieth century, the Manchester population was endangered, so the dog breeders were forced to cross representatives of two breeds - American and English.
Breed standard and puppy selection
The English Terrier Pied Piper is an elegant miniature dog with a typical English polish. Its elongated muzzle is crowned with erect ears. Dark big eyes are filled with nobility. Short, shiny coat says about the health of the animal.
Adults reach the height at the withers 25-31 cm with a weight of 2.5-3.5 kg. Coloring toev should be exclusively black with a fuzzy edge between the redheads on the stomach. Brown burns can also be located on the face of the animal, its neck and paws.
Choose a puppy English toy terrier should be with the utmost care. Before buying a potential owner should study the description of the breed, as well as find out the conditions of care, maintenance and education of the dog.
Tip! An animal should be chosen according to the owner's temperament. Individuals with the same characters will approach active people, and calm owners are better off choosing more passive doggies.
Before choosing a dog is to get information about parents and compare the latest compliance with the standard.
Toddlers must be moderately active and mobile. Wool, ears and eyes of animals should be clean, and their whole appearance to talk about the health of a miniature dog. Attention should be paid to the tummy of the baby: swollen, it can talk about the presence of worms.
Features of the content of an English toy terrier
Due to its small size, the smooth-haired toy terrier is a perfect dog for living in an apartment.
Friendly, malleable and docile temper toy-terrier allows him to easily find a common language with pets and family members. However, this does not exclude the possibility of receiving damage to the fragile dog during the game, for example, with larger dogs.
As a rule, the content of a toy terrier does not cause problems. These animals are clean and have no specific dog "flavor". Toi have unlimited energy and mobility and almost do not know how to sit still.
English toy terrier is a sensitive animal and is very attached to its owner. Alone, these little dogs are uncomfortable. Lacking attention, the English toy terrier is offended.
Toi are extremely sensitive to cold, so with the onset of frost it is best to wear them in warm clothes, and from long walks in the heat should be abandoned to prevent heat stroke from the pet.
In the miniature body of a toy terrier beats the heart of a real lion. An animal with excellent hearing and sense of smell can at any moment rush to the defense of its owner. At the same time, they can even attack dogs that are several times larger than their size.
Care and feeding of a small dog
The short coat of English Toya does not require careful maintenance. It is enough to comb an animal once a week, removing dead hair. You should not bathe yours too often. In case of small dirt it is enough to clean their fur coat using a towel and a rubber brush. The owner should closely monitor the condition of the ears and eyes of the dog, occasionally clearing them from the lumps of mucus formed with cotton pads. Pet's claws should be trimmed regularly as they grow.
To feed a toy terrier you need natural or ready-made food and in no case do not mix these two types of food with each other. Special foods often contain all the necessary minerals and vitamins. It is best to select premium products designed specifically for small breed dogs.
Natural food consumed by this food should include carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals. It is very important not to overfeed a miniature dog. Adults feed twice a day, puppies up to 2 months - 6 times a day, up to 5 months - 4 times, and up to 9 months - three times a day. From about 10-12 months, the dog goes on feeding the adult.
The basis of the diet of small dogs should be meat (lean beef, chicken, rabbit). English toy terrier should be taught from early childhood to fruits and vegetables, as they are a source of natural vitamins. Food for miniature doggie should not be oily, too salty or seasoned with spices. You should also not treat your beans with legumes, sweets, canned goods and marinades.