The American Staffordshire Terrier is a proportionally built dog characterized by such features:
- legendary fearlessness
- willingness to guard and protect
- a living mind and a kind of intelligence,
- rich facial expression
- susceptibility to training,
- loyalty to the owner
- love for all home,
- personal security,
- demanding socialization and learning
- high threshold of irritability,
- ease of maintenance in the apartment,
- the need for physical activity.
Stories of excessive aggressiveness relate primarily to defects of breeding and problems with the education of amstaffs. Unreasonable ferocity is not characteristic of them. But an angry staff terrier is hard to stop.
Advantages and disadvantages of the breed
Opinions about this breed are divided: some call the staff a brutal killer, others - a gentle and loyal companion. These are really extremely brave and determined animals. But the modern breed Staffordshire Terrier is more docile than quick-tempered.
If the beloved master needs protection, the dog will rush into battle without delay. People confuse this courage with uncontrollable cruelty. But courage and cruelty are different things. Dog Staffordshire Terrier on an intuitive level is able to assess the situation. Educated dog gets involved in a fight only when there is a real threat. But if it happens - it will not stop. Staffs never flee.
- Mind and intelligence - to train them is interesting.
- Fearlessness and courage - can quickly neutralize the threat, even if the enemy is greater than them.
- Unpretentiousness in care are pets that are comfortable to keep.
- Excellent physique - the body consists of steel muscles covered with skin.
- Lack of an unpleasant smell - do not create discomfort in the house.
- The ability to get along with children - loves to mess around with kids and teenagers.
- Diligence and endurance - pets can perform complex work.
- Obedience to the master - a trait laid at the genetic level.
- Good detective abilities - during the tragedy in the "Nord-Ost" representatives of the breed were able to detect the location of terrorists with explosives.
- Rarely they bark - without a good reason, the voice is not given, the dogs are not inclined to mournfully howling.
- Amstaffs have a hard character, people with an unbalanced psyche, they are not suitable.
- Unquestioning obedience - this advantage can become dangerous, because the dog does not distinguish the good from the bad, he executes commands without evaluating them from the side of morality.
- Pronounced self-esteem - the pet from the first days in the house must realize its place.
Character dogs, behavior
Amstaffy came to life thanks to the crossing of aggressive bulldogs and frisky enduring terriers. During the formation of the breed battles flourished, so the fighting qualities of dogs were valued. But as a result of the selection work, the staff terriers got rid of unjustified aggressiveness. Individuals with an unstable psyche are rejected at breeding. Therefore, uncontrolled ferocity is not the norm for modern Amstaffs.
Dogs are characterized by such features:
- attentiveness - the animal loves to follow the master's facial expression and adjust the behavior to his mood,
- no prolonged adaptation to a new family - unlike most breeds, they can change the host without too much difficulty,
- interpersonal skills - love to be among people
- composure and not fussiness - the psyche is stable,
- emotionality, playfulness - they prefer outdoor games, they are always full of energy.
- intellectuality - they are able to make decisions independently of a person, but act not spontaneously, but deliberately,
- courage and passion for the fight - if the animal is forced to attack, it can become very dangerous.
Courage, endurance, loyalty and curiosity are the main features of a Staffordshire Terrier dog. Characteristic breed ambiguous. This is a friend and companion with a fighting past. The popularity of the breed in the 90s led to the fact that terriers with a fighting appearance and fearlessness began to breed uncontrollably. There were individuals who lost control of themselves. All this is in the past. The dog will grow aggressive or calm - it depends on the owner.
Behavior in the house
This is a plastic breed, its representatives can trace the dependence of the nature and characteristics of the behavior of the demanding owner. It can not get weak-tempered people. Pets are quite capricious, and do not want to listen to the owner, who himself does not know what he wants. The dog will fulfill the commands of a confident leader for whom objections are not acceptable.
The description of the breed of the breed is incomplete, if not to say about his love for children. He gets along well with them. But the child needs to explain the rules of behavior. If the owners go in for sports (bike, cross-country skiing, trekking) - the dog will gladly join these activities. Lack of attention from people is disastrous for him.
Staffords like to fight. The dog will not rush to any oncoming, but too obsessive relatives can and pat. A pet needs to be taught the correct reaction to a conflict situation, otherwise fights with its own kind cannot be avoided. Poorly trained pets can not distinguish between real danger from imaginary, which leads to trouble and sometimes tragedy.
Relationship to strangers and the protection of the owner
If animals for amstaff are rivals, then an attack on a person is taboo for him. They do not know how to protect from birth, that they need to be taught. They have phenomenal abilities to see danger. They can protect a house, property, work as bodyguards, detectives, and know how to find traces of blood, regardless of their statute of limitations.
Daily cleaning of the hair with a special brush with bristles of medium hardness is an excellent massage and a way to remove dead hair. Do it better after the walk. The pet's procedure is taught from puppyhood, otherwise its reaction to incomprehensible actions may be unpredictable.
Bathe the pet as needed, no more than once a month. Use special shampoos, cosmetics for people is not suitable. In winter, wool can be brushed with snow. In the hot period, allowed to swim in open water. Staffs quickly get used to the water, easy to bathe.
After each walk you need to wash your paws. Weather and time of year do not matter. In the city, pets can dirty their feet in fuel oil, paint, bitumen. To remove such contamination, you can wash your paw with soap or a special shampoo. If it does not help, take a solvent and with a cotton swab remove dirt. Then rinse the paws with clean water and dry with a towel.
Propensity to diseases, prevention
Healthy amstafff is active, has a wet nose, clean eyes and excellent appetite. The pet has no unpleasant odor, its intestines and bladder are emptied regularly. The sick dog does not eat well, does not play, does not want to go for a walk, and behaves differently than usual. Unreasonable changes in the behavior of the animal - a reason to visit the veterinary clinic.
American Staffordshire terriers are subject to these diseases:
- hip dysplasia,
- arthritis and arthritis,
- retinal atrophy,
- turn of the century (entropion),
- hyperplasticity of the vitreous body
- dermal histiocytoma,
- solar dermatitis,
- fat cell tumor
- mastocytoma - skin cancer.
Before prophylactic vaccination, puppies and adult dogs are dewormed. For vaccinations allowed the use of monovalent vaccines (from one type of disease) or polyvalent (complex) drugs.
Vaccination should be carried out annually. They protect the animal from such dangerous diseases as the plague of carnivores, infectious hepatitis, leptospirosis, parvoviroz, rabies. The complex vaccinations often include vaccines against adeno-and coronavirus and parainfluenza.
Do not do without antiparasitic treatment. To combat ticks and fleas use special shampoos, sprays, drops on withers, special collars.
How many times to feed amstaff depends on the pet's age:
- up to 2 months recommended 6 one-time feeding after walks,
- 2–4 months - 5 times a day,
- in 5-11 months - 4 times a day,
- per year - 3 times a day,
- 1.5 years - 2 meals a day.
Ready feeds save the owners time, but not money. Quality dry diet can not be cheap. You can not buy advertised feed in supermarkets and markets. For amstaffs, rations of a class not lower than “Premium” are suitable. They can be found in specialized stores.
For a 20-kg dog, the nutritional value of the feed should be 1324 kcal. During exercise, the rate is increased by 10-15%. For dogs doing physical work, you need to choose diets with an increased content of protein and fat.
If you want to transfer your puppy to dry food, start with soft canned food. Gradually add the crushed dry food with water to the bowl. By the age of 5 months, the Staffordshire Terrier must be completely transferred to dry food. This will simplify the process of changing teeth.
It is impossible to give dry and natural food during one feeding. This is fraught with problems from the gastrointestinal tract. For the digestion of each type of food requires different enzymes. Mixed feeding is an extra burden on the body.
Amstaff puppy's natural diet
For kids, the regime and the availability of water in free access is important. If the puppy does not eat the entire portion immediately, food debris is removed. For normal development, a puppy needs animal proteins - this is meat. Its share is at least 30% in the diet.
- The basis of the diet - lean beef, veal, chicken or rabbit.
- 1-2 times a week, meat can be replaced with boneless marine fish.
- Useful offal: scars, liver, heart, lungs, brain. They are either boiled or cut into pieces and scalded with boiling water.
- From dairy products suitable kefir, yogurt, cottage cheese. They can be mixed with chicken egg yolk.
- Vegetables are ground on a grater and filled with vegetable oil. Puppies eat carrots, beets, celery, cucumbers, zucchini well.
Do not give the puppy pork, beans, large oatmeal, chicken and fish bones, smoked meats and sweets. As an encouragement during class, you can use crackers or pieces of dried meat.
American Staffordshire Terrier: History
This breed appeared in the 19th century, when dog fighting fans crossed a bulldog and a terrier. In the course of this experiment, the ideal dog for a fairly hard sport was obtained. After in Britain they found out about such a find, the breeders decided to bring out several representatives of the new breed in England, as a result of which the Staffordshire Terrier appeared, whose character was distinguished by aggression. Despite the fact that, in fact, it is an American-British mixture, according to the standards of the international canine federation, it is a purely American dog.
In short, the Staffordshire Terrier is called amstaff.
Amstaffs have short, but very thick wool, and the color can be very diverse. Puppies are born monochrome or spotty. A distinctive feature of the breed is its amazing endurance and strength. For example, amstaff can easily climb on the fence from the net, clinging to it only with its claws and pulling on its paws. In addition, terriers have very strong hind limbs, so they can overcome more than 2 meters in a jump.
With a height of 47-48 cm, the dog reaches a weight of up to 30 kilograms or more, possessing a very developed muscle mass.
Since this is a fighting breed, the Staffordshire Terrier requires training from its owner. It is not recommended to start a Staffordshire terrier to those who have not previously encountered the education and training of such dogs.
The Staffordshire Terrier, a breed description of which is rather intimidating, is not as aggressive as it seems. Amstaff is an amazingly intelligent dog with a good-natured temperament and playful temper. Very faithfully applies not only to his master, but to the whole family, especially to children. Devotion and courage are qualities inherent to a terrier from the very first days of life.
Nevertheless, the fiery blood of a fighter in combination with a powerful body sometimes plays a joke on a good-natured dog, and it can become more aggressive when playing. In order to completely eliminate undesirable consequences, it is important to simulate the behavior of the dog and inspire her with the rules through persistent training and training.
Of course, Stafford will never attack the owner, but his rush to protect his family can result in a decent threat to the average passer-by or neighbor. The dog must clearly know the commands and understand that only after the owner utters the keyword, he will be able to attack the attacker or protect the owner if he is attacked by stray dogs. The Staffordshire Terrier is ready to fight a whole bunch and is likely to win.
The fact is that this breed is extremely tied to the family and sometimes confuses a real threat with a simple slap on the shoulder or a friendly game. In order not to be in the mighty jaws of the dog, it is better to keep some distance if you first came to visit the family in which the Staffordshire Terrier has recently appeared. The description of the breed does not say that the dog is uncontrollable, nevertheless it is better to allow it to get used to your presence. After some time, Amstaff will begin to perceive you as a friend and will feel comfortable and good next to you.
American Staffordshire Terrier: puppies, how to choose
Choosing a future pet is a difficult process, so you should be patient. The four-legged friend must not only like the appearance, but also respond to the characteristics declared by the breeder.
When buying a small Amstaff, you must clearly define for yourself what exactly you need a Staffordshire Terrier for. Puppies will cost more if your list of requirements is large. If you decide to start a champion in your home, then carefully read the international standards and characteristics that a future winner should have. In order to continue to participate in exhibitions, it is best to take a puppy from the nursery and see its pedigree. In addition, a professional breeder will help you make the right choice and tell you what to do next when the Staffordshire Terrier appears in the house. The description of the breed and the pedigree that he provides you will make the best choice.
If you decide to start amstaff as a protector and guard of your property, pay attention to how balanced the puppy is. Aggressive dogs from birth after additional workouts aimed at hard behavior can become uncontrollable in the future and even harm the owner. If you need a bodyguard, buy a puppy under the age of 2 months with a calm temper.
Taking a more mature dog that has undergone training and dog training is not a good idea. Like any animal, amstaffs have a special attachment to the one who raised and raised him. In addition, during training, the dog could develop certain habits and character traits that may be incompatible with yours.
Feeding adult Amstaff natural food
The main share in the dog's diet is meat and offal. You can diversify the menu with cereals: buckwheat, rice, wheat, oatmeal. To replenish the body with vitamins give vegetable salads with vegetable oil. Fresh milk is better to refuse - the product is poorly absorbed by older animals. It is better to replace kefir or yogurt.
Amstaff is fed after walking twice a day. In summer, during heat waves, food can be given once a day, in the evening. Regardless of the season, necessary vitamin and mineral supplements. Pick them better with a veterinarian.
Training and education
Education should be engaged in a person with a strong character. It is important to establish contact with the pet at the very beginning. Staffordshire terrier puppies are well aware of what is required of them, but they are stubborn and do not always execute the command the first time. Indulge the kids can not. Begin the educational process with 2 months. A 6-month-old puppy must comply with the basic commands and adhere to the rules of behavior in the house and on the street.
The best methods for amstaff are promotion and rigor within reasonable limits. Compulsion is used cautiously, and physical punishment is recommended to be avoided altogether, otherwise the dog may get angry with the owner. If the pet refuses to execute the command, it must be thoroughly shaken. Excessive aggressiveness is stopped immediately. Instead of screaming, it is better to look the dog directly in the eyes, until humility appears in the look of the animal.
For amstaff, socialization is important. During walking you need to look for a company of peace-loving dogs. One cannot miss the moment when these socialization skills are formed. After 1.5 years, dogs are worse education.
For inexperienced dog breeders, raising a Staffordshire terrier can be difficult. Важно понимать, что каждая собака имеет свой характер. Но есть общие рекомендации. Нельзя менять правила игры.If today amstaff cannot sleep on the couch, then after a month it should not be let in under any pretext.
In the understanding of American Staffordshire, the leader cannot concede. If the owner allows him to break the rules, in his eyes this means that the leader is weakening, and listening to him is not necessary.
You can not encourage aggressive behavior of the pet. If Stafford growls at a drunk on a bench, you can not praise him for this behavior. Otherwise, the dog will understand that aggression is the norm and the owner likes it. And next time on the bench may be a grandmother or a child.
You can do it yourself or on the court. For Stafford such options courses:
- general course
- dog in town
- dog bodyguard.
Most owners of amstaffs are limited to teaching basic commands: “Fu,” “Stand,” “Forward,” “Place.” This is enough for walking in the city and in nature without incident.
Choosing and caring for a puppy
Puppies should leave the breeder at the age of 2 months. When choosing a companion dog, they are guided by their own preferences. Before you buy a future star of an exhibition or a breeding producer, you need to carefully study the standards of the Staffordshire Terrier breed. Colors may be different. The most common are: black, blue, fawn, red (red), brindle.
When inspecting a puppy you need to pay attention to such moments:
- activity and appearance of a puppy,
- conditions in the nursery,
- compliance color standard
- the exterior and achievements of the parents.
Features of education
By the appearance of the baby in the house you need to prepare: buy bowls for food and water, bedding without a nap, toys. The breeder must provide new owners with instructions on the care and nutrition of the baby, as well as give a little familiar to the puppy feed.
At first, the puppy will be bored. He needs to spend as much time with people as possible. But do not take him to bed to calm him down. He must have his place. Keep away from him the wires, shoes and other items that he may take for toys.
The primary task is to accustom the baby to cleanliness. Puppy most often taken out for a walk, and after he does his work - praise. Toddlers can not control urination. It makes no sense to scold them for puddles on the floor. Only a half-year amstaff can withstand 5 hours in the daytime and 8 hours at night.
The history of the breed
The nature of the breed and the external data are easily explained by the history of its appearance, which dates back to the 70s of the XIX century. It was then that the British moved en masse to America, who brought from the shores of Britain dogs — bulldogs from the county of Staffordshire. At the new place of residence they are used as assistants to farmers, for the protection of their homes and protection from wild animals.
In those days, dog fighting for money was very popular. To get the perfect fighter, the American breeders decided to cross an aggressive English bulldog with a hardy and mobile terrier. The result exceeded all expectations - the dog turned out to be harsh, enduring and cruel. In battles, a new breed showed stamina and boundless fearlessness.
The fight of two amstaffs is not a sight for the faint of heart! Nothing could stop the dogs during the battle. They did not notice serious wounds and fought to the last, like true fighters. Centuries passed, the persecution of animals and dog fighting have lost their relevance, moved into the category of classes that are not recognized by the public. Dogs began to wind up in private homes for the protection and use as bodyguards.
The breed did not receive its real name immediately. At first she was given the name "pit bull terrier" - it happened in 1898. The people called her: Yankee Terrier, Pit Dog, Brynd Bulldog. Since 1936, the dog bears the name "Staffordshire Terrier", thus it was immortalized the name of the progenitors - the Bulldogs from Staffordshire. And only in 1972 the word “American” was added to the title to emphasize the place of breeding animals. In the same year, the FCI International Canine Federation developed a description of amstaff, which meant its official recognition.
The modern representatives of the breed are practically not used for dog fights - they are reliable bodyguards, guards and excellent companions. Amstaffs are successfully used as show-class dogs at various exhibition and competitive events.
These are courageous, fearless, very inquisitive and sociable dogs, showing real dedication towards their owner and his family. With all the threateningness, amstaffs can be brought to families in which there are small children - the animal feels that the kids are weaker than him and becomes a real caring nurse for them. Dogs like walking with younger family members, fun and active games and competitions. Other pets are considered to be their family and do not offend them.
In the course of selection, dogs were rejected which had an unstable mentality and could not distinguish between man and dogs. Contrary to popular belief, the American Staffordshire Terrier will never unreasonably attack people. Maliciousness inherent in dogs at the genetic level, is directed only at rival dogs within the fight ring.
A certain imprint on the character of amstaffs left the historical fact that in America dogs were used as assistants to local farmers. These are very hardworking and agile dogs, and their aggression depends on the conditions of detention, upbringing and genetic predisposition. It is believed that one should not be afraid of dogs of this breed, but one should be afraid of the owners of these dogs - the highest devotion does not allow one to ignore the desire of the owner.
Dogs can support in difficult times and are ready to breastfeed to defend the family and property of the owner. At the same time, the breed is very sensitive - dogs do not tolerate aggression from a person; they don’t like it when they are raised their voices, scolded and punished. For a comfortable existence, they need love, trust, care and attention.
Care and maintenance
As soon as the baby amstaff crosses the threshold of a new home, he needs to allocate his own place to sleep and rest - no need to accustom him to his bed, the baby will grow up very quickly. This may be a couch, bedding or a piece of old furniture: a sofa or a chair.
Remember, this breed is not suitable for keeping in a booth or aviary. This is due not only to the short coat. For normal development and socialization of the dog requires constant contact with family members, attention and care. If you ignore this rule, you risk raising an aggressive and suspicious dog.
Care of coat is an important part of care. Dogs coat is short, it is enough to regularly brush it out with a stiff bristle brush. To make the wool shine, you can wipe the pet's body with suede fabric. Bathe dogs once in 8-10 days with special mild detergents or baby soap. After taking the water treatment, wipe the dog's coat dry with a towel.
In winter, you should not bathe. You can sprinkle a dog with a copious layer of snow during a walk and clean it with a brush. After that, wipe dry with a towel. This procedure cleans the coat, strengthens the immune system of the animal, has a positive effect on the nervous system and respiratory organs.
Growing claws need to be cut at least once a month. Excellent grind off claws in a natural way of daily walks on an asphalt road surface. Interestingly, amstaff fears not like to cut claws and trusts this process only to the owner - in his hands he will endure even pain.
Ears are cleaned as they are contaminated with a cotton pad moistened with an antiseptic or in warm boiled water. Similarly, clean the eyes, which are washed with a decoction of chamomile or a weak tea solution. Teeth are regularly cleaned with a special brush.
For a good form and emotional state, long walks and vigorous exercise are necessary. You do not need to look for secluded places for walking on this breed - you need to walk your pet on the common grounds. This will help the dog to learn how to manage their mood and contact with strangers and other dogs.
We have already paid your attention to the fact that the owner of the American Staffordshire Terrier is responsible for the aggressive uncontrollable behavior of the American Staffordshire Terrier. Errors in the education and training of this breed can turn into big problems for others. Novice dog owners should think carefully before getting such a puppy. And training and education should be trusted only by experienced professional dog trainers. This is the only way to raise a reliable friend who will become a loyal assistant and security guard.
Amstaff education begins at 2 months. By half a year puppies should know the rules of behavior on the street and at home, as well as follow the commands of the basic course. It is necessary to immediately show the puppy who is in charge and nip his attempts to dominate at the root. This must be done firmly, but with love. Amstaff puppies understand everything perfectly, but can be stubborn. You can not go on about the kids.
- At the genetic level, dogs have a desire to please the owner, often praise the pet. He will try harder.
- During training, forget about rudeness and physical strength.
- Do not yell at the dog. Look closely at her and do not take your eyes off - the dog will feel your strength and will begin to obey.
- From an early age, teach your puppy to walk in the company of friendly dogs. It is important to inculcate the necessary socialization skills at the age of 1.5 years - then the dogs are poorly amenable to education.
- The rules are created in order to not violate them - let this phrase become your training motto. A person must be the main (leader) in the eyes of a dog, he has no right to give in to an animal. It is enough to give up the dog once, and it will cease to obey you.
- Stop the aggression on the vine. If a dog growls at a drunken person - you can not praise her. The dog will understand that aggressive behavior is good, it is pleasant to its owner. Remember that in place of a drunken child or old woman can be.
With a sufficient amount of experience with the dog, you can do it yourself. For novice dog breeders, it is better to attend special canine courses. The following training programs are suitable for this breed:
- dog in town
- dog bodyguard
- general (basic) course.
Most often, the owners of the Staffordshire terriers stop at the basic teams: “Give up”, “Place”, “Stand”, “Forward”, “Fu”, “Voice”, “Near”, “Sit”, “Lie down”, “Me” , "Barrier". This necessary minimum is enough to take walks in nature and in the city without danger to others and unnecessary adventures.
The breed is considered conditionally healthy, but there are also “weak points” in such seemingly strong guys like amstaffs:
- Benign and malignant neoplasms.
- Colitis of various origins.
- Dermatological pathology.
- Allergic reactions.
- Eye disease.
- Inflammation in the urogenital system of viral nature.
- Gastrointestinal disorders.
Preventive measures aimed at maintaining the health of the pet:
- Timely vaccination (vaccinations).
- Regular antiparasitic and anthelmintic treatment.
- Control over the diet of the pet. Breed differs in sensitive digestion. It is important to organize a proper balanced diet.
What to feed the American Staffordshire Terrier
Like all owners of purebred dogs, the owner of Amstaff has two ways: natural food and ready-made industrial food. The first way requires more time and effort to compile a balanced menu, as well as the need to include special vitamin and mineral complexes in the diet.
The second is simpler and faster, but it is important to be as responsible as possible when choosing food. Food class "economy" from the nearest supermarket such a dog will not work, moreover, they will be able to cause irreparable damage to its health. The choice should be made among the products of the class "super premium" and "holistic."
The best finished dry food for the Staffordshire Terrier:
- Purina Perfa,
- Hill’s Adult Large Breed Regular,
- Bosch Adult Maxi,
- Brit Premium Adult L,
- Monge Dog Maxi Adult.
When fed naturally, the basis of the diet should be raw meat - they need high-quality animal protein. In order to avoid the risk of infestation by parasites, the meat is pre-frozen or boiled. Best of all come low-fat beef.
In the diet additionally include:
- raw scar,
- boiled offal
- sea fish,
- fermented milk products (kefir, yogurt, sour milk),
- raw egg or scrambled eggs,
- rice or buckwheat porridge,
- vegetable oil.
The daily ration should be equal to 3% by weight of the dog.
In both cases, it is important to observe the feeding regime. Food should be issued at the same time, food debris removed. The exception is water - the dog should have it around the clock.
Important! It is unacceptable to overfeed the animal - this can lead to obesity and adversely affect the state of health of the pet.
The black. Solid uniform color, without inclusions and stains.
Pale yellow. Light reddish tint approaching the sandy.
Brindle. Red wool with dark brown or black stripes.
Redhead Wool uniform red color.
Blue-brindle. The main color is red. Strips - gray shade.
Blue. Wool gray shade. The nose is gray. Possible combination with white.
The origin of the breed
Amstaff is the result of the crossing of two breeds from Great Britain - a bulldog and a terrier, which were brought to the States in the 70th year of the 19th century. Initially, dogs did not have a name, they were called differently - pit dog, Yankee terrier and others. A bit later they got stuck - pit bull terrier, but due to the fact that there was no single standard, the breed was not recognized internationally.
At that time, these strong and durable dogs were used for fashionable bloody amusement - dog fights. In the 30s of the 20th century, taking the pit bull terriers as a basis, the breeders brought out the Staffordshire Terrier, which received recognition from the American Club. Already at the time of breeding, dog experts set themselves the task of obtaining not warlike animals, but pets. In the 70s, the breed acquired the final name, and a little later the international standard, allowing the amstaffs to participate in various prestigious exhibition events.
American Staffordshire Terrier Colors
There are several colors of amstaffs, most often dogs with wool of the following colors are found:
- black - thick, saturated, even in the light does not give off in other tones, small marks are allowed in the nose and paws,
- a combination of white and black - if a dog with such wool has white color located on marks in the area of the muzzle, neck, back and paws, the color is called “Black Boston”,
- blue - tones vary from light blue to blue-black, for dogs with a rich blue color the nose is of the same shade, with dark it is almost black,
- brindle - wool colors can be brindle or reddish; there are dogs with a very bright and even color, with a red or red tint.
The modern representative of the breed is a great guard, but at the same time a wonderful companion is obtained from such a pet. But, thanks to international recognition, amstaffs also show themselves at exhibitions.
They are brave, courageous, loyal to their owner, sociable and inquisitive. Amstaff is agile, hardworking, a dog who can be brought into a family with small children, he is aware of his power, therefore he is very careful.
Ever since the dogfights, during the selection there was a rejection of dogs with an unstable psyche. First of all, it concerned dogs that stopped distinguishing between man and dogs. This allowed to get balanced animals, not inclined to baselessly attack people. A certain natural anger among the representatives of the breed is present, but it is aimed at rival dogs that come to the same ring with them.
In addition, in America, the breeding of Amstaffs had a completely different focus - here they were used as farm assistants. Whether a dog will be aggressive depends on many factors - heredity, upbringing, the environment in which it lives.
Canine experts say that for those around it, the owner of this dog is more dangerous, giving the command than the dog itself. Because of the devotion, he is not able to ignore the desires of the owner. Amstaff needs constant contact with his family, and he gets along well with other pets.
For the right training for teams, visit the commands section.
Boy or girl: who is better
If we talk about the field of the future pet, then a novice dog breeder is certainly worth taking a girl. This results from the fact that terrier girls give in to training better. In addition, they are not prone to domination, as males, and this will be a great relief for the owner, since the male, having first entered the family, may decide that he is the owner of the house, and you will have to prove to him otherwise. Amstaff girls quickly become attached to the owner and always want to serve him. Единственный недостаток такого выбора - это потенциальная беременность. Выводя любимицу на прогулку, нужно очень внимательно за ней следить, так как в период течки ее будут окружать довольно настойчивые поклонники.
Амстаффы-мальчики намного агрессивнее, но и более самостоятельны. Although training will still have to spend a lot more time and patience. In addition, dogs constantly mark their territory both on the street and at home, so one more item will have to be added to the list of trainings.
How to train and educate the American Staffordshire Terrier
How a dog will behave in adult life depends directly on the diligence and patience of the owner. It is extremely important to begin to train and train the puppy to discipline before he turns 1 year old. Between the ages of 1.5 and 6 months, amstaffs learn best.
A special feature of the training of the Staffordshire Terrier is its socialization, since by its nature the dog is rather aggressive towards its relatives and man. From the first months start to teach your puppy to the fact that he is surrounded by people who do not wish to cause him harm.
After the baby has been made all the necessary vaccinations, and he is well tolerated quarantine, you can begin to take him outside and slowly acquaint with other dogs on the court. If the puppy began to show at least minimal aggression, immediately show him that this is wrong, such a model of behavior is unacceptable. Of course, when a small amstaff is standing in front of you and trying to growl, this is a rather amusing sight, but you shouldn’t give in to emotions, because in a few years it will be a decent sized dog, and it will not be fun.
It is very serious to watch how the Staffordshire Terrier behaves in training. Photos posted on cynological sites will help you decide on uniforms, etc. If you can not self-train the mighty defender, it is best to contact a professional trainer. By attending a training course, you will learn all the nuances of working with a fighting dog and you will be able to work with your pet on your own and fully appreciate the Staffordshire Terrier breed. Reviews of owners of such dogs abound with positive emotions and praises of their pets.
Strength training is extremely important for the proper upbringing and training of the dog. In specialized stores you can buy weights and other equipment for exercise, which staffordshire terrier likes to do. A description of everything you need can be obtained from a specialist.
What qualities appreciates amstaff in man
For this breed of dogs peculiar leadership in the pack. In our case, the pack is a family, and amstaff is absolutely sure that he is its leader. Show the dog that he is not, namely, you are the master and chief. For this puppy to appear in the house, it is important to explain that to sleep on a bed, go out, etc. he can only with your permission. Thus, the hierarchy will be restored, you can control the animal in any situation and be an authority and leader for it.
Amstaffs appreciate hard character, for them firmness and constancy is the highest manifestation of strength. Do not lisp with a terrier, he will not understand this, it is better to speak seriously and treat him as a rational person, and not as a cute baby.
How to care for a Staffordshire terrier
The coat of the American Terrier is short, so it does not require special care. It is enough to brush the dog periodically with a stiff brush. Amstaffs love to swim, so you can pamper your favorite water treatments. After that, wipe the dog's fur with car suede, and then it will shine. Before bathing a terrier, it is imperative to inspect the skin for cuts or small wounds, if any, it is better to postpone bathing. If after a bath an unpleasant smell emanates from a dog, contact your veterinarian, most likely the animal is sick or suffering from a chronic infection.
Walking with Staffordshire Terrier is recommended as often as possible, it will help him get used to the environment and feel better. Always keep the dog on a leash and in a muzzle during walks. A sudden encounter with a homeless dog or a drunk person may lead to a passer-by or a Staffordshire Terrier himself. The description of the breed contains a number of such cautions.
Due to good heredity and unlimited health, Amstaffs practically do not get sick. In addition, dogs of this breed are not predisposed to genetic or hereditary diseases. Nevertheless, there are a number of diseases that the Staffordshire Terrier is prone to, the owners' reviews contain the following complaints about:
In order to eliminate the risk of possible diseases and infections that can be transmitted to the dog from other animals, you need to put the puppy the necessary vaccinations at the age of about 2 months. Before vaccination, you need to prevent worms, and after the procedure to protect the animal for several weeks from stress and communication with other dogs.
The life span of American Terriers is 12-14 years.
Food Staffordshire Terrier
Amstaffs are completely unpretentious in food and care, however, they also have their own preferences. Dogs are very fond of guts, but they need to be boiled thoroughly, after cutting them into small pieces. You can also feed a pet:
- Chicken heads and necks.
In order for the dog to be in shape, be sure to give it boiled fish, but only by removing the bones from it or carefully extinguishing them so that they become softer.
A puppy will be useful to give fermented milk products containing calcium. You can prepare the mixture, for this, add 2 tablespoons of calcium chloride to a liter of milk, then boil the milk and collect it in gauze, letting it drain.
From cereals fit:
- Corn grits.
- Wheat groats.
It is necessary to wash the bowl after each feeding so that no harmful microbes grow in it. For feeding, you should purchase a special stand, which you will exhibit higher as the animal grows, so that it does not have to bend down.
Is it possible to give a dog bone
Bones can be given to a puppy when teeth begin to cut. It is better if it is sugar bones or vertebrates. But to feed a puppy or an adult dog with bones is often not worth it, it can lead to constipation. In the pet stores you will find delicious bones that will appeal to your pet. Upon reaching amstaff adult age to feed the bones is not recommended, as they damage the enamel of the teeth.
What can not feed Amstaff
In no case do not give the dog:
- Moldy food.
- Smoked meats.
- Greasy food.
- Sausages, sausages, etc.
Many owners feed the animal with leftovers from the table, this should not be done, as the dog's body can not cope with junk food saturated with fats and other harmful substances.
How to train a dog
According to popular belief, amstaffs are difficult to learn and are not able to absorb anything other than the simplest program. But this is another common misconception - the dogs of this breed study quite successfully, and, moreover, they do not lag behind the service dogs - Rottweilers, black Russian terriers and others. And they love to work at the site!
For training to be productive, the owner must find a common language with his pet, have patience and do not forget about consistency. Amsaffam is very important to get the approval of the owner, so they will try their best to please. But the owner should not use rudeness or physical strength, if the dog does not do everything.
If the owner has no idea about the training of the American Staffordshire Terrier, then there is always the opportunity to seek advice from a specialist.
Victoria: “Our girl is already 6 years old. For all the time there was no such thing that she roared at someone. The dog is very smart. My husband was engaged in its training, drove to the school of dog breeding. Now we are not afraid to let her out without a leash, she obeys the command. Maybe even go on their own without a leash. The dog loves children, is ready to play with them for hours, protects and listens to them. Such a mom-nanny. Absolutely not afraid to leave her child in the yard. At first, the neighbors looked at our girl with caution, then they got used to it. Nobody is afraid of her. ”
Novel: “Those who write that this is a killer dog do not understand anything in the breeds of dogs. Amstaffs are the smartest guys, perfectly trained. If someone amstaff someone bitten - the claims and lawsuits must be submitted to its owners. With proper training and maintenance, the dog will not touch anyone. Even if she wants to bark or bite, she will not do it without the host team. ”
Pet Care and Health
Coat of dogs is rather short and does not require special care. It is enough to periodically comb your pet with a stiff brush and bathe when it becomes dirty. To make the wool shine, you can sometimes wipe it with a suede cloth.
Amstaff should be washed no more than once every 8-10 weeks, using a special detergent - shampoo or soap, you can use baby soap. After bathing, the dog's hair is wiped dry with a soft nap towel.
In the winter, you can do without taking baths, it is enough to periodically sprinkle the dog with a copious layer of snow and clean it with a brush with stiff bristles. And after the coat is wiped dry. In summer, the pet can be allowed to swim in different, but always safe, ponds.
Such procedures allow not only to clean the coat, but also temper the animal's body, strengthen the nervous system, immunity, respiratory organs and joint-bone apparatus.
Owners are advised to inspect the skin for damage. If after washing the dog smells worse than it was before the procedure, it is possible that he has a chronic infection and requires a veterinary inspection.
The dog needs to clean its ears as it is contaminated, using a cotton pad dipped in boiled water or antiseptic. Attention should be paid to the eyes, which should be wiped with a cotton pad. If redness appears, you can wash them with chamomile decoction or a weak tea brew.
Another delicate problem is the care of the anal glands, since if the procedure is ignored, an overabundance of secret in them can cause an inflammatory process. Cleaning can be carried out by both the veterinarian and the owner himself. To do it right, you should see how a specialist cleans the glands.
Amstaff needs regular physical exertion, and this is important not only for good form, but also for emotional mood. Walking the pet on common sites will allow him to learn how to properly communicate with strangers, both with people and other dogs.
Breed diseases amstaffov
Representatives of the breed can boast of excellent health, but they also have "weak points". First of all, they, like other dogs, are able to become infected with severe illnesses, so it is important to promptly vaccinate your pet from them. In addition, they have a very sensitive digestive system, which is why frustration often occurs. It is important to take care of proper nutrition of the dog.
The list includes the following health problems:
- dermatological diseases
- allergic manifestations,
- inflammatory processes of the urogenital system caused by viruses,
- eye diseases
- tumors of benign genesis.
Proper feeding amstaff
The owners have two ways - to feed the dog with natural food or production dry food, but in any case, the food should be of high quality. In the first case, vitamin and mineral supplements will be required, in the second one granules are enough.
It is important to comply with the regime - the feeding process should take place at one time, and everything that the pet has not eaten must be removed. But this does not apply to water - the dog should constantly drink the drink, it is desirable to replace the fresh water with a new one.
With natural feeding, the basis of the dog's diet should be raw meat. So active dogs need to get enough animal protein. It is best to give lean beef, 2-3 times a week - boiled offal and fish. It is useful to periodically treat your pet with pieces of raw scar.
The menu should include dairy products - cottage cheese, kefir, yogurt. For food, you can add raw yolk or egg in the form of an omelet, but not more than 1-2 times a week. Porridge dog boiled rice or buckwheat, with the addition of vegetable oil, chopped herbs, meat.
You can not overfeed the dog, and this applies to both a puppy and an adult dog. If the pet earns obesity, then it will negatively affect his health and well-being.
Where to buy a puppy and what you need to pay attention to when choosing
There are several options for dogs and owners, before purchasing a puppy, should decide for what purposes the baby is bought. If the owner needs a dog for future participation in exhibitions, then you should pay special attention to the standard data of the dog, because even the slightest flaw can complicate the task.
If the puppy is to continue to participate in breeding, then a good pedigree is of great importance. In addition, animals with any defects to participate in matings are not allowed. In this case, it is not recommended to acquire a puppy from the original bitch, it is best to give preference to an adult, young dog that has already given 1-2 litters of healthy offspring that meet the standard requirements.
Amstaffs make excellent guards, so if a person is looking for a puppy who will do such a responsible job well, then it is important that the parents of the baby have a stable psyche. Do not think that it would be best to guard the dog with heightened aggressiveness, since such a pet, if approached incorrectly, can become a threat not only to others, but also to family members themselves.
It is advisable to take a puppy into the house for 1.5-2.5 months and train it yourself. This is especially important if the family has small children.
You can buy a puppy with a stable psyche, without genetic abnormalities, purebred and healthy in the nursery or from a private breeder with a good reputation. At least, here you can get some guarantees, in addition, assistance in the cultivation of a representative of such a difficult breed.
You should not hurry, and, if possible, to start to visit various nurseries and breeders offering puppies of this breed.
Best Amstaff Kennels
- Moscow "STAR AMERLAND" S-no. 9835 http://www.amstaffstar.ru/
- Kiev "Endless Shine" http://www.esstaff.com.ua/index.php
The American Staffordshire Terrier is a fearless dog, ready to perform almost any task of the owner and even give his life. So who is to blame for the fact that its excellent qualities are misused?
History and birthplace of origin
The ancestors of the Amstaffteriers are called the ancient dogs and mastiffs. They were replaced by Old English Bulldogs, who were occupied not so much by guarding and grazing livestock, but by baiting bulls (as well as wild boars and bears).
In England, the bloody sport was banned in 1835, finding a substitute for it - fighting with rats. The descendants of overweight dogs, coached by bulls, hardly dodged the rage of a petty adversary, which is why the bulldogs were crossed with nimble hunting dogs - terriers.
Believed to be exactly so the bull terrier was born, who subsequently gave birth to two closely related lines - the Staffordshire Terrier and the American Pit Bull Terrier.
In the 70s of the century before last, Europeans, who were going to relocate to America, took the bull terriers with them to arrange cruel spectacles there. The Americans enjoyed watching the dogs fight among themselves, with the bulls and other animals.
The breed got the name “Pit Bull Terrier” in 1880, and 18 years later it was registered under this name by the American United Club (UKC).
At that time, amstaffs and pit bull terriers were two lines of the same breed, and were only divided in 1936, when the Staffordshire terrier was registered as an independent breed. A year earlier, the Staffords were recognized in the UK.
The adjective "American" was added to the title in 1972.
Wool and color breed
The coat of the Staffordshire Terrier should be shiny, thick, short, straight and hard. The disadvantage is recognized soft / rare, loosely lying coat, the defect - silky, too soft, long, sparse, wavy or matte hair.
Staffords can have almost any color.
Staffordshire is allowed to have (by standard) almost any patterns and colors of wool. Acceptable monochromatic color - from black to cream, with the exception of white. The latter is allowed for the collar / chest as part of the paticolor coloring.
Important. The category of unwanted include the so-called rottweiler color (black and red tan) and brown-red.
With bicolor white spots should occupy no more than 20% of the body area. Brown and black spots are possible (up to 4/5 of the main color). Pied, spotted, two-tone and brindle colors are also considered as pedigree.
Boy or girl what is the difference and whom to choose
An inexperienced dog breeder will easily find a common language with a bitch: she is more affectionate than a dog, and is more easily trained. The disadvantages include only possible pregnancy.
У кобелей минусов чуть больше – стремление метить территорию (на улице и в квартире), а также желание посоревноваться с хозяином за титул альфа-самца. Второй недостаток корректируется последовательной дрессурой, а первый (при нехватке времени на отучение) – кастрацией.
Суки стаффорда более покладистые и мягкие, они больше подойдут для новичка.
Amstaffter Terrier is naturally life-loving, energetic, independent, inquisitive and endowed with increased intelligence, coupled with empathy, which allows the dog to read the thoughts of the owner.
A balanced psyche is the result of purposeful breeding work, which implies the culling of evil (in relation to people) animals. The process of arousal in a Staffordshire terrier does not prevail over inhibition.
Due to this quality, amstaff immediately executes the orders of the owner, easily returning to its original state.
Education and training dogs
The undoubted advantage of the breed is the unmistakable execution of commands, which makes Amstaff an ideal (service, exhibition and domestic) dog.
Stafford is an exemplary babysitter and reliable friend of all households. Moreover, a properly trained dog loyally perceives other pets, including cats.
True, in order for your amstaff to become just like this, you will have to work hard, without giving it any favors. The key to success is the regularity of classes, strict discipline and increased volume of workloads.
Staffordshire terriers are recommended:
Sport keeps the dog in good shape, contributing to a surge of tension, and forms a magnificent musculature.
Care and maintenance requirements
Grooming smooth-haired dogs is simple: shear sticking hair and make your pet more catchy, highlighting some details.
Daily care for wool, ears, claws, teeth and eyes is their daily inspection. The plaque in the eyes / ears is removed with a cotton pad moistened with boric acid solution. Dead hairs are collected by a rubberized mitten, the claws do not need special care if the dog runs a lot on the asphalt.
Important. If you intend to stop the ears, perform this operation when the puppy is 1.5-2 months old: later there will be more blood vessels in the auricles and the rehabilitation period will be delayed.
The shape of the ears for each baby is selected individually. It is undesirable to make a partial amputation of the ears when the dog's teeth change.
Health, life expectancy and diseases for which the breed is susceptible
With good innate immunity, the American Staffordshire Terrier lives for about 10-12 years. The most typical breeds amstaff illnesses associated with the musculoskeletal system. Increased physical activity often leads to torn ligaments.
The list of breed diseases includes:
- dysplasia of the hip joints,
- abnormalities in the thyroid gland,
- heart failure,
- eye diseases (retinal atrophy and cataracts),
The "professional" sores of amstaff are considered to be torn infected wounds, which he receives in dog fights. But, if the genes are not pumped up, your four-legged will rarely get sick.
Choosing a puppy: features, price, kennels
The one and a half month old puppy of a Stafford can be weaned from the mother, but until receiving planned vaccinations (at 2-2.5 months), it is not put up for sale. If the monthly babies have their ears cropped, ask the breeder about the reasons for the early operation, but rather give up on the purchase.
A personal acquaintance with the parents of the staff is welcomed, but if the dog was “imported”, ask the breeder for documents from the club in which the dog is registered. The mother should not be excessively haggard, but a noticeable loss of hair is possible if there are more than 4–5 puppies in the litter.
Demonstration of some alertness or friendliness is considered normal: anger refers to disqualification flaws. The same rule applies to the puppy - he should not bark, growl, or attack you. Fearfulness is also not welcome, but shyness is permissible.
In Moscow and St. Petersburg for puppies amstaffteriera can apply:
On average in Russia a puppy staff can be bought for $ 250 - $ 430. In Moscow and St. Petersburg nurseries the price is slightly higher and can go up to $ 515.
Features mating American Staffordshire Terrier
If the dog is experienced and active, mating usually passes easily and quickly. Amstaff with a vulnerable psyche should get used to her partner: in this case, pairing is carried out under the supervision of an instructor.
Immutable rule - mating suit on the territory of a dog, which allows him to be less nervous and get down to business faster. The principle of territoriality is especially important if one of the partners is first invited to mate.
Before viscous dogs should be introduced to neutral territory.
Mating in a neutral sector is possible when both dogs are experienced enough or already familiar with each other. The main thing is to choose a quiet place where there are no people, no noise and other stimuli.
- It is better to wear a muzzle on a bitch so that she does not bite a dog.
- When a female partner is ready, the dog makes a cage and, after several rhythmic movements, enters the bitch.
- As soon as the dogs mate (enter the castle), you must ensure that they do not pull in opposite directions. This will harm the dog.
- After the act, the dogs are allowed to drink water and breathe.
Knit repeat the next day or every other day.
American Pit Bull Terrier and Staffordshire Terrier: Differences
It is not surprising that the dogs of these breeds, derived from common ancestors, are similar as cousins. Back in 1936, one dog had a double breed and was often registered in two clubs at the same time: one as an American pit bull terrier, and the other as a Staffordshire terrier.
Even now, not all APBT or AST fans can clearly answer the difference between the breeds.
But it still exists:
- Height and weight. Pit Bull Terrier - from 40 to 42 cm with a mass of 12-28 kg, Stafford - from 46 to 48 cm with a mass of 20-32 kg.
- Color The staff is not welcome black and fawn, liver and color with a predominance of white. There are no restrictions for the pit bull.
- Nose. In Amstaff it is only black, in a pit bull it can be brown.
- Head. AST is endowed with a wide skull with noticeable cheek muscles. APBT has more powerful square jaws (with wide cheekbones).
- Anatomy. In the more proportional staff the chest is wider and the legs are higher than in the APBT.
Summary - Amstaff harmonious, massive, wider and ... friendlier than the American Pit Bull Terrier.
Reviews from owners about the breed
Jeanne. Wonderful breed (I have a stuffed girl, she is 8 years old). A dog needs a firm hand, but it is impossible to beat! Be consistent, adamant and less crawl to her with kisses. Mine grew up with a cat and over the years did not bite anyone. Do not take stuff if you have constant abuse at home: stress can bring a dog to trouble. If your pet is nibbling on shoes and tearing up furniture, it's just your fault. The dog must be educated and remember that this is a big responsibility.
Irina. I had experience in keeping different thoroughbred (including fighting ones) and purebred dogs. Now I have a staff, and I thank fate every day for meeting this extraordinary breed. Amstaffs are extremely gentle, thin and smart. They understand people as psychologists. I often forget that there is a dog beside me: so it resembles a person. And he is very kind and strong. Staff is a sports dog, not a fighting dog.
We offer for viewing a small film dedicated to the American Staffordshire Terrier dog breed.