South Africa is considered the birthplace of this dog, despite the fact that the roots of this ancient great dog breed come from Asia. In Assyria, these animals were used as soldiers, covering their bodies with special armor. Alexander of Macedon brought them from Egypt to Europe. After a while, burbuley bred mastiffs for guard and hunting dogs. There is an opinion that almost all varieties of now-known European dogs are descended from these two species.
Already in the XVII century, this breed was again restored from European breeds. At this time, it began to be used as a farm dog. As a result of natural selection, a hardy and strong African burbul appeared.
In the 80s of the last century, work began on the restoration of this breed in South Africa.
Quite a large dog growing at the withers up to 75 cm. Such a giant weighs over 80 kg. His body is harmonious and well balanced, the muscles are clearly pronounced, the bones are strong and rather massive.
African Boerboel has a flexible back, slightly elongated body, developed powerful croup, muscular, strong limbs. South African burbuli move silently.
The dog is perfectly built and has good health and longevity. With proper care, she lives up to 15 years.
At Boerboel it is short and smooth. The color is usually creamy, light yellow, auburn, possible brindle and spotted. On the face you can often see the “mask”, the ears are darkened.
African Boerboel - Character
The peculiarities of the personality and character of the boerboel are genetic, which have been consolidated over several centuries, since in the process of natural selection the strongest individuals endowed with certain mental and physical abilities. Working and living conditions excluded from the population of stupid, overly self-confident or unreasonably brave dogs.
African Boerboel dog has a stable psyche. For its impressive weight and height, it is quite mobile and active. Because it requires serious daily physical exertion, for example, runs for 5 km.
South African Boerboel - not capricious, balanced dog with excellent character. Faithful and devoted friend for all households, ready to rush to the defense at any second. He gets great pleasure from playing with children, while he carefully looks after them.
From its beloved host, the African Boerboel, whose photos you can see in our article, is waiting for attention and care.
This dog does not differ excessive malice and unjustified aggression. She is loyal to others.
A properly trained African Boerboel does not create conflicts with other pets. For strangers is loyal, but wary.
The South African Boerboel is an animal with bright individual characteristics. He is very independent and self-sufficient. Males prefer to dominate, so behavior correction may be required if the puppy was raised incorrectly.
These dogs are naturally endowed with a good memory, they learn very quickly. When they perceive commands, they are thoughtful and somewhat slow - they are not accustomed to executing commands on unconscious automatism.
If you have noticed a frank sabotage when executing commands by an adult burbul, this means that your authority has significantly weakened or you have made obvious mistakes in education. To correct the behavior of an adult animal, we recommend contacting a canine specialist.
If for some reason you decide to take on this work yourself, then be extremely careful. Stop the slightest deviation from the command. Show perseverance, but in no case do not use physical force. Otherwise, you will completely lose your credibility, and then it will be very difficult to improve relations with your pet.
Maintenance and care
The African Boerboel, the photo of which you see in our article, is a viable animal that easily adapts to any climate. Although it is a southern breed, it can adapt to any conditions.
In Africa, these dogs live in the open. In our country, they are more often kept in city apartments. Animals feel great in country houses. They can live in the fresh air, as well as in warmed rooms. But at the same time they should be free-range. A pregnant dog and a bitch with puppies are always lodged in a separate protected place.
Take care that there are no drafts in the place where the animal sleeps. The litter must not be too hard.
Training and education
Raising a puppy may require limiting its communication with strangers. The whole point is that the boerboel (the reviews of the owners confirm this) is extremely sociable, so he can quickly get used to the guests who are often in the house. He will trust them, as well as all family members.
The African Boerboel is undoubtedly endowed with high intelligence, as well as an excellent memory. Do not be deceived if it seems to you that the dog is too slow to respond to commands. Slowness is a consequence of mental activity, cunning and ingenuity. Boerboel never acts automatically, but only after assessing the situation.
Natural selection has made the burbulya a genetically healthy animal. Veterinarians point out only two possible basic problems concerning the health of these beauties.
The first one is pretty typical for all large dogs. This is a predisposition to joint disease (dysplasia).
The second problem is vaginal hyperplasia, which bitches are prone to. This disease is genetic. It is inherited. Such animals are excluded from breeding.
Close relatives of burbuley are mastiffs, besides, the breed is an African line of molossi. But there is no reason to call these dogs mestizos, as the South African burbuli belong to a full breed with a long, interesting history.
Researchers assume that the ancestors of these dogs are not from Africa, but from Asia. Later they came to the territory of Ancient Egypt, from where, thanks to Alexander the Great, dogs penetrated into European countries. Here their further history is lost, however, it is believed that dogs are the founders of almost all European breeds.
But there is another theory: dogs from Europe entered the African continent and mixed with local dogs. But in any case, there is no doubt that the breed was formed by natural selection. Their external and characteristic qualities over time almost did not change. This origin has contributed to the fact that today the South African Boerboel is famous for its excellent health, endurance and power.
In the 17th century, Burbuli was recreated from European breeds. For residents of the Cape of Good Hope, they became reliable assistants in farms. They turned out to be excellent defenders, guards and hunters. In the 20th century, the need for such qualities of dogs decreased, and the number of the breed decreased significantly.
The next revival of the breed dates back to the 80s of the 20th century, and it happened in Africa and was a success. South African burbuley and to this day can be found in different parts of the world. Including they received recognition in Russia.
What does the South African Boerboel look like?
The breed, though not recognized internationally, is supported by the South African Kennel Club. It was here that the standard of its representatives was defined.
In dogs, the gender difference is clearly visible - in bitches more compact, graceful constitution, they are better to contact. Although females look no less threatening than males. Indicators of body weight and size are quite different and are estimated only in the complex, an important condition is compliance with the proportions of height and weight.
Body weight varies from 60 to 90 kg, the minimum growth of males is 60 cm (preferably 66 cm), bitches - 55 cm (preferably 61 cm).
From the general description, we can distinguish the fact that burbuli are large dogs with a developed muscular corset and strong bones:
- Head in dogs it is proportional to the body, when viewed in profile, its shape is rectangular, on top and full face - square. The frontal bone of dogs is wide, in the middle there is a shallow groove. In the area of the nose skin, the skin folds, which are more pronounced in moments of concentration of the animal. Even on the face of the dog muscular relief is noticeable. The muzzle is wide, but by the end of the nose narrows. The lips are dry, fleshy, the upper closes the lower, but does not reach the chin. Dogs have bryl, but they do not hang down much, their excessive formation is attributed to the shortcomings of the breed.
- Jaws the dogs are powerful, strong, with a strong grip. The teeth are fully staffed, large. As a rule, a scissor bite, but a slight snack is allowed - straight or bulldog. The nose and lower jaw should be strictly aligned. Nose is large, has the correct shape and wide open nostrils.
- Eyes should be brown, preferably darker shades. They are round, widely spaced, tight eyelids, with black pigmentation.
- Ears triangular in shape, small in size, have a high landing and are rather wide apart when the dog is calm - hang down and not too close to the muzzle. If the dog is alert or interested, they rise a little in the base area.
- Torso the burbul is strong, strong, the back is even without bends, the shoulders are wide. The withers stand out a little, there is a smooth transition to the neck. Wrinkles are possible in this area.
- Chest in dogs it is very wide, with pronounced musculature. Limbs - and the rear and front, smooth, large joints. Pets with straight knees or hocks do not fit the requirements of the standard.
- Paws large, with collected pads, covered with a thick skin of dark color. The tail has a high setting and natural bend. It is dense, thick, along the length reaches the hock joints, it is stopped in the region of 3 and 4 vertebrae.
- Coat burbuley has a short, tight to the body, ostevogo hair is soft and elastic. The skin of the nose, palate, lips, groin has an extremely black pigmentation. Black paw pads and claws.
The mask may be present in dogs of any color and does not apply to the disadvantages or advantages of the representative of the breed. Coat color is standard for mastiffs, there are tiger, red, fawn burbuli. Also, the standard allows dogs with white spots in the chest and paws, but with the proviso that they are not recommended for breeding.
The appearance of the dogs of this breed is quite aggressive and belligerent, but does the character correspond to this type? In a sense, yes. Considering their origin, one can understand why these dogs have a highly developed tendency to dominate. The genes of farm dogs are firmly entrenched in the genes - to subdue the inhabitants of the farm and protect them from any danger. And at that time not only the fox could encroach on the hen house, but also the lion to wander after the exotic inhabitants of the farmstead - deer and antelope.
Such living conditions led to the fact that the dogs had to grow up early. As early as 3-4 months, the puppies had the discretion and ability to make their own decisions, otherwise it was extremely difficult for them to survive. Therefore, if the crumb begins to protect the owner, you should not be surprised. It is important for him to find out as early as possible who is “his own”, to familiarize himself with the territory, this will allow him to set priorities and continue to grow with an adequate dog.
Boerboel has a positive attitude towards younger members of the family, but others' children can sometimes be perceived as small predators. Seriously, he will not attack, but he can scare at least, push aside a maximum and thereby cause minor injuries. Therefore, it is important to acquaint the dog with strangers before they invade the territory.
Boerboel is able to protect his family, in the literal sense, not for life, but for death. In this case, the decision he takes independently, and no team will not work. Knowing that he will die, the dog will definitely try to take the offender with him.
How to care for a pet
The coat of purebred dogs does not require special care. It is enough to periodically comb out a pet with a special massage brush or rubber glove. Such actions will improve skin blood flow, relieve the animal from dead epidermis cells and hairs. During periods, the link is worth doing it a little more often.
South African Boerboel pictured
Representatives of this breed are prone to hypothermia, so do not bathe them often. If it is possible, it is better to avoid bath procedures in the winter, and to remove impurities with a cloth or use dry shampoos. It is permissible to wipe the pet with clean snow. Boerboel just two bathing a year, be sure to avoid drafts and walking to dry completely.
Ears for dogs of similar breeds should be cleaned 1-2 times a month using a cotton swab. But they should be inspected regularly, especially after walks in the forest zone. Healthy ears are smooth from the inside, light gray in color, no odor. Any discharge with an unpleasant odor is a reason to consult a veterinarian for advice.
Healthy dog's eyes are clean, without tears and discharge. To prevent the development of infections, it is necessary to wipe them every 3-4 days with a swab soaked in chamomile decoction. The owner should be alarmed by the reddening of proteins, copious flow of tears, rapid blinking - these are the primary signs of eye ailments.
Dog breed South African Boerboel pictured
Boerbools are best suited for keeping in an aviary with the obligatory presence of a warmed booth. This is due to their love of large spaces, but the territory should be limited. However, in the apartment the dog feels good only if it is provided with the necessary physical activities. At home, he behaves well, because he likes to sleep and can do it most of the day.
The pet requires double walking, each must be at least 40 minutes long. It is advisable to walk at a brisk pace, if possible run and play with your pet.
Read more about feeding boerboel:
Features of education and training
The enemy of the upbringing of the Boerboel is an atmosphere of permissiveness; the dog may grow self-willed and impudent. To avoid this, it requires a firm hand and a strong character of the owner. All attempts at domination should be stopped immediately, as well as manifestations of excessive self-confidence.
Requires stiffness, but not cruelty. Pet must learn a few prohibitions:
- under no circumstances should you bite the master, even during games,
- pull the leash is strictly prohibited
- it is not necessary to rise, leaning on people by paws, as dogs are rather heavy,
- it is forbidden to pick up trash from the floor, this is especially important for Boorbuly, as they have a tendency to “gathering”,
- any conflicts with their own kind are stopped right away, as dogs of this breed like to lead and are able to prove this not in the most humane ways, more often this quality is manifested in males.
It is necessary to teach the dog to obedience as early as possible, to acquaint with the basic prohibitions and to teach the main commands. All this dog can learn by the 4th month, as it was already noted their early maturation.
South African Boerboel Puppies
The cost of puppies South African burbulya
It is possible to buy a pet from hands without documents and for 5000, only now experts do not recommend buying a puppy of such a serious breed where there is no normal selection. The average cost of a purebred puppy from the nursery is 40000-50000 rubles.
The South African Boerboel is a dedicated dog that allows owners not to lock the door even for the night. But they need attention, care and excellent training.
South African Boerboel: Breed History
The breed of dogs Boerboel has a rather long history, dating back to ancient times, when Herodot lived, Assyria and Babylonia existed. Representatives of those drums participated in the battles: protected by special light armor, they boldly attacked the enemy.
It is known for certain that Alexander the Great, admiring the strength and courage of the animal, really wanted to get them. And such a gift was presented to him. Around the end of the 4th century BC, the Macedonian brought to Europe 156 burbules, which were specially trained to hunt large wild animals: elephants and lions. According to sources, the adult dog could completely defeat a large predator.
Interesting! The ancient Romans, who worshiped bourboule, believed that the dogs were the result of the crossing of a lion and a large dog. And Aristotle, mentioning in one of his treatises on burbuly, called them "sons of lions."
In Europe, these dogs really liked. Со временем от них сформировались две породы: мастифы и охотничьи собаки, которые получили в наследство от своих предков силу, выносливость и послушание. Скрещивая истинных бурбулей с собаками других пород, люди пришли к утрате внешних качеств южноафриканских псов.
О произошедшем естественным образом восстановлении породы стало известно в середине 17 столетия, когда несколько животных с переселенцами освоили мыс Доброй Надежды. The most enduring animals survived in difficult conditions, which at the genetic level strengthened the best qualities of burbules.
Interesting! The name of the breed "Burbul" means "dog farmers". Indicating the historical roots, add "South African" or "African burbul." Sometimes they are called “Boers dog” or “Boer mastiff”.
With the development of cities and the relocation of people from rural areas, the need for dogs capable of protecting farms, helping with farming and cattle grazing, began to disappear. Not everyone could afford to keep such large animals in urban homes.
In the early 80s of the 20th century, the South African Association of Bourboule Lovers was created, which set out to restore the breed. An enormous amount of work was done: dogs were selected that, according to their data, corresponded to the breed standards, films were made about them in order to popularize the animal, serious studies were carried out, thanks to which even 14th century paintings were found that depicted burbuli.
So, at the end of the 20th century, the breed of South African burbuley was revived, standards are described.
South African Boerboel: breed description, standards
South African Boerboel, whose photo shows a strong dog, does not convey beauty, lightness and grace. Externally heavy, she runs and jumps easily, able to climb a high ladder or jump over a wide ditch.
Breed standards are highlighted:
- height at withers to 70 cm (male), 65 (bitch), weight 80-90 kg,
Attention! Deviation is the growth of a dog below 60 cm, bitches -55.
- head is rectangular, wide, short,
- on the cheekbones are strong muscles, but the cheekbones practically do not act,
- the groove between the eyes is poorly marked,
- eyes rounded, set wide apart
Attention! By standards, all shades of brown are allowed in eye color, the best is the darkest shade.
- jaws taper slightly in front, strong,
- scissor bite, strong teeth, white, correct row,
- the upper lip, hanging over the bottom, covers her and her teeth,
- nostrils wide apart,
- the ears are close to the head, set wide and high, wider at the base, the ends are rounded,
- the neck is strong, muscular, of medium thickness, the neck is clearly visible,
- the body is rectangular, muscular, the back is slightly arched, the sternum reaches the level of the elbow,
- sacrum wide, muscular, height at withers,
- tail thick, set high
Attention! Usually, the tail of the Boerboel at the level of 3-4 vertebra is stopped, it is possible uncropped, the length of which is to the hock. Defect breed - loop-like tail.
- paws strong, muscular, on the front - oblique shoulder blades, pronounced angles, hind legs slightly smaller than the front,
- skin is loose, loose, thick:
- a suspension in the neck and above the eyebrows,
- the coat is short, but rather thick, smooth,
- color red, fawn, brindle (stripes are vertical, asymmetrical, dark color),
Attention! In Burbuley pigmentation is pronounced: eye rims, nose-nose, lips, palate, paw pads, genital area, claws of exclusively black color.
The character and behavior of Boerboel is negotiated. The main role is protection and protection, so the animal must be non-aggressive, obedient.
South African Boerboel: breed characteristic
An important quality of Boerboel is his calmness: excessive nervousness is unacceptable, since his task is to properly assess the situation and react if necessary. Never without a reason burbul will not bark. The description of the breed emphasizes its ability to distinguish between imaginary and real danger.
You can not bring up a dog malice. Being a naturally strong animal, the Boerboel must demonstrate its physical abilities only in the case of the necessary defense and never in the attack. Also pay attention to the manifestation of cowardice in the dog: this behavior should be immediately corrected with an experienced dog handler.
Owners of African burbuley say that dogs are able to clearly distinguish between their own and others. They are very friendly to those with whom they live: careful in dealing with children, not jealous of other animals in the house, perform their role as a guard. But if someone intrudes into their territory, Burbul is alarmed and is in a state of readiness to protect the first signal of the owner, but he will never take the initiative and not rush to someone else without a reason.
But strangers to the dog people should be aware that when dealing with the South African burbul should show respect for the dog: do not provoke him and do not check how calm she is. Dogs of this breed have a pronounced sense of self-worth. If they consider that someone is trying to offend them personally, they may first growl a warning, and then attack the enemy. You should not tease Boerboel or set other dogs on him.
Interesting! If you believe in the legend of the animal's origin from lions, then the dog's habit of sleeping does not seem strange. The hosts can decide that the boerboel always slumbers. But in fact, he never loses his vigilance and is always ready to fulfill his duties.
South African Boerboel Health
Dogs of this breed are distinguished by good health, the average life expectancy is 12-14 years.
The main health problems associated with the musculoskeletal system. A fairly large weight of the dog affects the bones and joints of the limbs. Burbuli usually suffer
- torn ligaments
- dysplasia of the joints (hip and elbow),
If you see a dog limping or walking heavily, consult a doctor. Sometimes, in order to identify the cause, it is necessary not only to examine the animal, but also to make an x-ray.
Teach your dog hygiene. Be sure to wash your paws after walking, brush your teeth (without toothpaste!), Wipe your ears, and bathe occasionally.
For dogs of the South African Boerboel breed, natural nutrition is preferable. The diet should include
- fresh lean meat (40-50% of the total amount of food),
- fermented milk products (obligatory low-fat cottage cheese),
- cereal porridge,
- river and sea fish boiled,
- boiled eggs,
- boiled vegetables.
Attention! It is strictly forbidden to give sweets and confectionery to South African bourbouls. This can destroy the dog's teeth, provoke diabetes.
If you give the animal ready feed, choose the appropriate breed and feed according to the recommendations given on the package. Be sure to put the dogs water.
Boerboel: photo of a dog in kennels
If you are planning to have an African Boerboel breed dog, whose photo you will find in sufficient quantity in the puppy sale ads, it’s better to contact professional breeders who can provide you with information not only about the chosen pet, but also about its parents. It is very important that these are dogs that do not have deviations in mental development: this is transmitted genetically.
In our country in recent years there have been many nurseries engaged in breeding South African burbuley. Photos of puppies, pedigrees, information on vaccination, contact breeders and recommendations for education, training and care you will definitely get.
History of origin
Due to the strong similarity between the burbul and the European Moloss, there are suspicions that the breed originally appeared on the European continent, and then after it accidentally fell into South Africa in 1652. There they instilled in the burbulu the maximum working qualities, making a guard dog from a dog. The name "burbul" itself, comes from the Boer tribe in which they lived. In the European community of dog breeders, the breed was not officially recognized, despite all its achievements.
The description of the Boerboel breed says that we have a serious dog in front of us, with well-developed muscles, sharp movements and incredible dexterity, despite the size:
- The average weight of an adult Boerboel is 70 kg, but males can reach 90 kg.
- Growth bitch 59-65 cm, male 64-70 cm.
- The body of the dog is powerful, slightly elongated, ending in a powerful tail that can be cropped or not.
- Paws straight with well-developed muscles.
- The head of the Boerboel is rather large, but does not create a sense of imbalance.
- Hanging ears, pets, most often they do not stop.
- The coat is short, tight to the body.
Important! Significant deviations from these standards most often suggest that the dog is not pedigree, that is, there is an admixture of other blood in it. So, for example, burbules are crossed with a bullmastiff, with a boxer, which is completely unacceptable.
Colors breed Burbul
You may already be interested to know what colors the African Boerboel breed has. It turns out they are not particularly diverse. The breed standard is 3-4 shades of brown or red. So puppies of one brood will most often be almost identical. It is important that the Boerboel has a so-called “mask” - a blackout on the face. But various blotches in the main color are unacceptable - it will be a half-breed, and not a purebred.
Do you agree with the statement: “How many people, so many opinions”? It is the best suited to the breed. The American people and many inhabitants of European states are categorically against breeding these dogs. They even prescribed it at the legislative level, and also banned the importation of this breed into the country. The motivation is simple - Boerboel, aggressive, out of control, has a dominant character. There are numerous cases, both here and abroad, about the attack of these dogs on a person with a fatal outcome.
Such cases did take place, but most often the culprit was not a burbul, as such, but his upbringing, or rather his absence. Indeed, this breed requires hard hands and hard work on socialization at puppy age. This will make the animal flexible, as initially the breed was provided for hunting, protection, which required the manifestation of independence in critical situations.
Now, when there is no need to fear the raids of another tribe, the need for excessive aggression of this dog has disappeared. Those who have such a pet in their family consider it, although slightly obstinate, but kind, sympathetic and affectionate, especially with small children.
Important! No matter how well your Boerboel was raised, you cannot leave him alone with the baby, as well as any other breed.
Care and maintenance
Due to the fact that the African Boerboel lived for a long time in the wild conditions of Africa, where there was natural selection, the breed turned out to be extremely hardy. And until today, these hardy laborers are not afraid of the heat or the cold, they are not afraid of sunstroke and other disasters. Therefore, it is absolutely easy to care for burbul.
Important! The dog requires a properly chosen diet, regular bathing and a lot of movement. Moreover, the more often and harder will be training, the better it will affect health.
This large dog, which is in motion all the time, is better off living not in apartment conditions, where its movements will be constrained, but outside the city.
South African Boerboel Breed Health
As mentioned above, the dog adapts perfectly to a variety of conditions. It does not affect e health. Burbul breed - surprisingly strong and healthy dog. The only ailments that can be met with her are:
- dysplasia of the elbow and hip joint, which is amenable to correction with proper nutrition and improvement of living conditions, as well as restriction of mobility,
- vaginal hyperplasia of the genitals in bitches, the disease is incurable and such a dog is not allowed in breeding.
As you have probably guessed, it is necessary to feed the South African Boerboel perfectly. To maintain skin elasticity, muscle growth and joint mobility, the diet should be perfectly balanced. Well, when the owner has the opportunity to feed your pet premium class feed. They meet all the requirements of veterinarians to feed large, energy-intensive breeds.
If, for any reason, preference is given to natural food, then the diet must contain:
- beef offal, as well as meat,
- once a week cottage cheese and sea fish,
- vegetables and fruits, in addition to forbidden cabbage, beans and grapes,
- cereals from healthy cereals (corn, buckwheat, rice, oatmeal).
Important! In a special bowl, the dog should always have clean filtered water. If necessary, it is changed several times a day. This is especially true for burbules, which consume dry food, as they require much more fluid.
We present to your attention a few photos of the Boerboel - this mighty, mastiff-like dog with a gentle soul.
Reviews of the breed Boerboel
Anyone who is seriously thinking about buying a dog should read reviews about the breed in order to understand whether it is suitable for the future owner:
Helena: “Burbulya puppies are very cute, but they grow up just before our eyes. So, acquiring this nimble little ball, you need to immediately look for a person who understands the subtle psychology of this particular breed. ”
Ignat: “My South African Boerboel, nicknamed Marcus, is an excellent defender. On duty, I often have to be on the streets in the evening, and there it is not always safe. At the slightest hint of aggression in my direction, my dog immediately shows who is in charge here. ”
Konstantin: “Bun - so affectionately in the family we call our dog. Despite a lot of negativity from the media, we chose to have this particular breed and did not lose. This is a whole-hearted dog not only to the owner, but also to his “pack”. ”