Owl and eagle owl belong to the order Owls (Latin Strigiformes), the Owl family (in the family there are more than 200 species).
These birds have some similarities, for example, both birds lead a predatory lifestyle.
The world is black and white for them, their eyes are fixed all their lives, and their heads are turning more than 180 degrees. However, despite belonging to the same order, these birds have differences.
What is the difference between owl and owl?
The owl differs from the owl in large body size. Some sources claim that the owl is the largest owl bird. However, this is not the case in all cases. For example, the massive fish is inferior along the length of the bearded owl from the same order owl.
The length of the eagle owl is about 60-75 cm, the wingspan is 160-190 cm, the weight of the male is about 2.5 kg, of the female - 3.0 kg.
The body length of the bearded tawny is 60–85 cm, the wingspan is 140–150 cm, the weight of the male is about 1.3 kg, and the female is 1.4 kg.
A characteristic feature of an eagle owl is “feather ears” (sometimes similar to thick eyebrows), which are actually elongated feathers of the head. Their function is to help it merge with the environment during the holidays.
On the upper part of the back and the head of the eagle owl there are dark longitudinal stripes. Its color depends on the range. In Europe and China it is brownish-black, in Siberia and Central Asia - cream and grayish. There may be ginger and ocher tones in the coloration, which makes this bird inconspicuous during a night hunt.
The color of the owl's body is much simpler, it is more solid, most often gray.
The color of the eyes of an eagle owl can vary from pale yellow to bright orange. The eyes of owls may be light yellow, red, dark brown.
Nutrition and Lifestyle
The eagle owl is able to hunt day and night, while owls are deprived of good "day vision".
Both, as was said, are predators, however, the owl hunts for larger, unlike owls, prey. Even a pheasant, a raven and a falcon can become its victims.
Most often it feeds on rodents, hares, hedgehogs, however, it can easily switch to lizards, turtles, snakes, amphibians and fish.
Owls feed mainly on small rodents, insects, and fish.
Flying owls are almost silent, while when flying some species of eagle owl (for example, fish) sounds are heard, resembling a whistle.
The difference in the wing plumage.
At owls at the edges of steering and flight feathers there is a slight soft pubescence. The wing itself is rounded at the top, and a special bend of the vane fan suppresses the sound of friction against each other feathers. The terminal grooves on the edge of the outer vapors are only partially linked. All this contributes to its noiseless flight.
When they are ready for breeding, a period of tokanie begins. Since owls are predominantly nocturnal birds, it is not typical for them, unlike day birds, to change their color for the time of flirting. Owls rely on the perception of organs of sound. Males fly from place to place or sit on a tree, calling for a hoot by a female.
Marriage games and those and others, as a rule, do not have serious differences and in addition to the song, may include bows of the male and female to each other, touching their beaks, feeding.
Owls and owls, because of their settled life, live in pairs. An educated couple is preserved, as a rule, for many years or for a lifetime.
In reproduction of these birds there are no particular differences. Mostly owls lay eggs once a year, in spring. In the autumn nesting, which is rarely observed, the chicks usually die.
The eggs are laid so that at the time of hatching the chicks have a period of maximum availability of feed.
In the famine years, both birds and other birds may not lay eggs at all, however, there are other ways to reduce the number of eggs in the clutch. Hungry females, which are usually fed by a male, can fly away to hunt. The eggs in the clutch are supercooled, and the embryo dies.
It should be noted that in highly specialized owls, for example, a fish owl, there are rarely more than two eggs in a clutch, while the usual number of eggs in a owl clutch is 3-4.
This is due to the fact that the fish owl is harder to obtain food in order to feed the chick, especially in winter, when the water bodies freeze. The eagle owl has a wider ration; therefore, it is easier for him to feed offspring.
The appearance of owls and owl
The main difference between owls and owls lies in the appearance of these birds. The owl is much larger than the usual owls, the body length of some of them reaches 70 cm, and the weight is 4 kg. Owl weight rarely exceeds 2 kg.
The most noticeable external difference between owls and owls is the presence of “ears”. Owls have plumage on their heads, and when the silhouette of a owl appears, feathers sticking upwards resembling ears are immediately visible on the head. "Ears" on the head of an eagle owl play a role not only ornaments. Thanks to them, the bird is able to catch sounds several times better than owls.
The third external difference between the owl and the owl is the color of the plumage. Owl feathers are colored, as a rule, almost monotonously. Only in some places the color may darken or be lighter. There are some species of owls that have an absolutely snow-white color. The facial disk may not differ in color from the body of the owl, some individuals have masks in the form of black eye contours and darkened beards.
The plumage on the head of an eagle owl is distinguished by a special brightness. This bird has no face disc. White or gray spots in the form of an arc are located above the eyes, under the beak - a black spot, the so-called beard. There is a wide black outline around the eyes, and on both sides of the beak there are arcuate white or light gray spots. The black feathers above the eyes smoothly change into the shape of "ears".
In addition, the plumage of the body of an eagle owl is never monophonic. Reddish-yellow color is combined with dark stripes located on the back and head. Eared owl looks very similar to owl due to the presence of "ears" on the head. However, unlike its large relative, the bird is not large, and the color of its body is mostly monophonic.
Lifestyle and diet
Differences of owl from owl are observed not only in appearance, but also in lifestyle. Owls hunt exclusively at night. Eagle owl can be awake not only at night, but during the day.
The owl feeds mainly on small rodents. The owl, thanks to its impressive body size, is able to catch not only mice, but also larger animals. The hares, the young of some animals, the birds that are inferior to the owl in body size often fall into the diet of this bird. The owl hunts even small roe deer.
During the flight, the owl makes a lot of sounds, some of which resemble whistling. Flying owls can not be heard, it makes it absolutely silent. This effect occurs due to the difference in the plumage of the wings. In owls, the ends of the wings are rounded, while in owls they more resemble a pointed form. That is why the owl soars during the flight, and the owl cuts through the air, while emitting characteristic sounds.
It is also worth noting that the owl is a rather rare bird, which is not so easy to see in its natural environment. The owl is listed in the Red Book and recognized as an endangered species. There are a lot of species of owls, they live practically in any territory.
Owl: a description of the external characteristics
The most distinctive feature that marks an owl is its large muzzle and head with large round eyes. Owl beak curved, short, with nostrils located at its very base.
The plumage of the owl is thick and soft, the wings are rounded, large, the tail is rectangular. In addition, the wings of those birds that hunt in the forest are short, and those who prefer a more open area (and more often fly) are long. But they are still large compared to body weight, which allows birds to fly, easily planning, silently and without much effort.
Usually owls have “protective” plumage coloring, which allows them to blend in with shades of the environment and remain unnoticed during the rest period during the day.
Feathers of owls living in forests, usually brownish shades. And owls living in deserts are distinguished by their lighter (reddish) coloration.
Females differ from males in larger sizes, but their feathers are almost the same. Only at the polar owl males have snow-white plumage, and females have feathers with a noticeable brownish variegation.
What is different from owl owl, consider a little lower.
Owls of the owl family
Owls are relatively small owls of larger build. Feather ears are absent. The bird has a clearly defined black front disc with a white border.
A short tail gives a visual deceptive idea of the wings - they seem longer than they actually are. The legs are feathered differently in different forms of owls: in the southern - their fingers are covered with bristles, in the northern - the plumage is present up to the claws.
Under the beak, they have a black spot that resembles a beard, framed with white, elongated spots. The rollers between the eyes are light gray, in the form of eyebrows (crescent-shaped), are located from the beak towards the inside of the facial disc. The pupils are black, the eye iris is yellow. The eyes are small, the beak is yellow.
Occasionally (oriental populations) among them, there are completely black birds, in which their bright yellow eyes are clearly distinguished on the face disk.
Females and here are larger than males and are indistinguishable in coloring.
The owl differs from the owl in a brighter and more saturated gray color, a bright, well-defined facial disc with many concentric circles, with a “beard”, no “ears”, medium-sized yellow eyes, and a darker color.
Beautiful bird owl. How does owl differ from owl in appearance?
The owl is an unusually attractive bird. This is a larger owl, with a wingspan of which the length reaches from 150 to 170 centimeters, and the length of each wing is up to 50 centimeters. Its weight is about 2 kg.
Adult birds have a rusty yellow color, densely spotted with brownish blackish shades.
Her eyes are reddish-yellow, the beak is dark, one might say black. On the sides of his head are tufts of feathers that form something like ears (nothing to do with real ears). Both females and males have the same color.
What is different from owl owl: photo
Common owl is a species of birds of prey from the order of owls. Owl and eagle owl are different species.
Each bird of the order of owls has its own characteristics.
And what is the difference between owl and owl? Firstly, owls are more numerous than owls.
1. The owl is much smaller than the eagle owl, and it does not have feather ears like the first one (except for the species of long-eared owl).
2. Most owls have on the front of the head a framing with a nimbus of short, hard feathers that the owl is missing.
3. Owls fly very quietly and easily plan, and the wings of the owl produce audible whistling sounds during the flight.
4. An owl hunts, as a rule, for smaller animals, and a large hare or even a young roe deer may be the prey of an owl.
Owl is the most common species of owls.
What is the difference between owl and owl in terms of habitat?
The owl is a bird, able to adapt to the most diverse and unpredictable conditions of existence. It can be found in the Ussuri region in dense forests, and in polar forests on the Mezen, and in Altai in the mountain taiga, and in the Ukrainian steppes, and in the deserts of Mongolia.
It can also live in the Tien Shan mountains, in the eastern Pamirs and in Tibet (even at an altitude of up to 4,000 meters above sea level). Owl perfectly survives anywhere and tolerates all weather conditions.
Owls also live in the territories of almost the whole world, from the equator itself to the harsh cold northern territories. You can find them everywhere: on the shores of the seas, in the mountains, in deserts, in the steppes. Most of this bird species lives in forests (and in wooded areas).
Not many of them (for example, a swamp owl) prefer larger open spaces. And some of the owls, unlike the owls, willingly lodge in the settlements under the roofs and in the attics of houses. You can see them in the park areas of cities. This is another one of the moments, the difference between owl and owl.
It is important to note about the owls that people sometimes use them as birds of prey, but there is one minus in this - this bird is difficult to learn. Eagle owl huntsman - this is a great rarity. Moreover, there are often extremely dangerous attacks by birds on their owners if they are improperly maintained and brought up.