The breed received its official name in honor of the historic district of Pomerania, which is located on the Baltic coast. The exact place where these dogs came from is unknown, but some researchers connect their appearance with the northern European part - where the German spitz came from. Oranges became widely known in the 18th century, being pets of ordinary people, and after hitting the families of aristocracy and royal palaces.
In 1860, the popularity of doggie was overshadowed by the Pekingese, trapped from China to European states, but only temporarily. When the spitz became the favorite of Queen Victoria, the breed received the close attention of the English Kennel Club. Then the breeders began to strive to get smaller representatives, as there was a weight limit for participation in exhibitions.
Breed description pomeranian
Of course, modern Pomeranian spitz-dogs differ somewhat from dogs from the 19th century, however this relates more to size, but they have not lost their charm at all. Today, these are small doggies with a fluffy tail-ring and fox eyes that look like a plush toy.
According to the standard, pets of this breed have a strong constitution:
- Head medium size, the transition from the forehead to the face is clearly pronounced. The forehead is round, wide.
- Muzzle shorter than the frontal region, but not pointed, with dry, tight-fitting lips, pigmented in black.
- Teeth small in size with a scissor bite. Ears triangular, set close, standing.
- Eyes medium, slightly slanting, they give the animal a slightly cunning look.
- Neck not short, but because of the rich fur coat it seems quite small. Rib cage different depth and width. Back creates a straight line and goes into a short lumbar belt.
- Front and rear limbs straight, have a parallel setting relative to each other. Paws compact size, rounded.
- Tail high rise, medium length.
It is worth noting that for representatives of this breed it is important to comply with the established standard characteristics - height, body weight and other indicators. If the dog has any deviations, it will be considered low breed.
Pomeranian spitz colors
Pomeranian spitz have a distinctive feature - wool, standing upright and making the dog so attractively fluffy. If we talk about colors, there are a dozen of them. However, the color of the coat is fully manifested only by half a year, when the puppy will transfer shedding for the first time.
The main open classes in terms of coat color include the following individuals:
- bright red
White Pomeranian spitzs are rare, but they should be snow-white, without yellowish spots.
The nature of the representatives of the breed Pomeranian Spitz
These little charming dogs are active. What is at home, that on the street spitz will be happy to frolic, jump, run, communicate with others. Dogs love to meet other pets and their owners. The oranges are quite appeasable, and if it becomes necessary to leave a pet with friends or acquaintances, then there will be no problems with this. The dog will obey others as well as its own.
But, this applies only to man, among other dogs this small dog will show leadership qualities, and the size of his rivals is not important to him. Also jealous spitz will apply to the territory occupied by him. A person can easily invade here, but the four-legged uninvited “guests” are waiting for a small, warning bashing.
Most of all oranges love to communicate with a person, but also with other pets who are not inclined to lead, they are able not only to contact, but also to live under the same roof. Those who are not so warmly perceived by the Pomeranian Spitz are cats. On them they can bark long and fiercely. If the plans to have a puppy of a Pomeranian spitz-dog, it should be borne in mind that these dogs are quite demanding - without petting, increased attention and communication they become irritable.
They adore younger family members, especially when it comes to children 4-5 years old and older. It is at this age that they are ideally suited as companions for games. In addition, with such a child, the pomeranian can exercise all its guard and guard qualities that are embedded in its blood. After all, children will not treat the little brave with disdain.
Features of training and education
Pomeranian spitz can be perfectly trained and trained without difficulty. Moreover, the owner does not need to use strict methods - it’s enough for a pet to say once, so that he understands everything. The owners of these little dogs are unanimous - pets are able to surprise, showing remarkable acumen and unconditional talents.
In order for the puppy to fully develop and go through socialization, he needs to live in a circle of people - chains, cages, remote premises are not for him. Otherwise, as an adult, the dog may cause some difficulties. The disadvantages of behavior include their pronounced dominance and “loudness” - due to high excitability and activity, it can bark for a long time and for any reason.
As with other active dogs, unpleasant behavioral traits are particularly pronounced when pomeranets do not receive the necessary physical exertion. If you hold sports activities, take your pet for long walks, travel, play with him, then he will reciprocate, which will manifest itself in the form of good behavior.
How and what to feed the Pomeranian Spitz
When a baby gets from a breeder to a new family, it is recommended not to change the food that is already familiar to him. This important question should be clarified during the purchase of the puppy. If this is not possible, then another feed should be introduced into the diet gradually, the transition period lasts 7-10 days.
When feeding dry rations should choose high-quality brands. Feed must contain a large number of protein components - both animal and vegetable. Also required the presence of vitamin supplements in the selected feed. It is not recommended to feed a pet from your table, it is fraught with various health problems.
The selected brand of ready-made rations is not recommended to change, unless there is a special need. Vitamin-mineral complexes and other additives can be given separately to a pet only with the advice of a doctor. The menu can be varied by the inclusion of natural products: dairy, fresh vegetables and fruits, meat. It is not recommended to give the dog hot and cold food. Pet should also be provided with round-the-clock access to drinking water.
Dogs can be injured by sweets, pork, sausages, smoked and salted foods. Also, adult dogs should not give whole milk. Legumes and white cabbage can cause bloating.
How much is a Pomeranian puppy?
This breed is at the peak of popularity, so do not expect low cost. In addition, the price will depend on the gender, variety, titles of parents, transportation and delivery, and other nuances. In addition, the price is influenced by the fact that there are few pomeranian litters, only 1-3 puppies are born to the female.
Puppies, which can be used exclusively as a pet, cost from 18,000 to 38,000 rubles. Naturally, we are talking about offspring with the necessary documents. It will cost more to a pet who can participate in breeding, having a pedigree, but due to some minor deviations from standard characteristics will not be able to win prizes in exhibitions. In addition, his parents can not boast a large number of awards and titles (and this, as you know, affects the cost of pedigreed animals).
More expensive than the rest will cost a puppy from titled parents - champion dogs. He has ideal characteristics, will be an enviable continuer of the family and he will have an excellent exhibition career. Great luck will be to buy such a baby for 60000-70000 rubles, but the cost of promising puppies is usually higher and can reach 150000-170000 rubles. Also, there is always the opportunity to buy a pet cheaper by finding an ad on the Internet. But since most dogs are without pedigree, it is difficult to judge the puppy's pure breed.
Pomeranian is a doggy that you just need to love, and then complete reciprocity is guaranteed! Representatives of this breed appreciate good attitude, care and affection, they really need it.
Characteristics of the breed Pomeranian Spitz
Pomeranian spitz - small decorative breed of dogs. For you, he will be a great friend and fun companion.
This is quite an active, agile and energetic dog, she loves a lot of attention to himself.
The dog feels good, both in a small apartment and in a large country house. Pomeranian spitz will be a great friend for your child, and his gentle and affectionate nature does not leave anyone around indifferent.
Pomeranian spitz color
- Wolfspitz - gray
- Large - black, brown, white
- Medium - black, brown, white, orange, zone-gray, etc.
- Small - black, brown, white, orange, zone-gray, etc.
- Dwarf spitz - black, brown, white, orange, gray-gray, other colors
- Black - the undercoat and skin are darkly colored and externally colored, lacquered black without white or any markings.
- Brown - uniform dark brown
- White: the coat is pure white, without any other person, especially the yellowish residue, which is most often found on the ears.
- Orange color monophonic, medium intensity.
- Zone-gray (keeshond): color silver-gray, with black tips of guard hair. Muzzle and ears are painted darker. There is a distinct pattern around the eyes, with a thin black line running obliquely from the outer corner of the eye to the lower corner of the ear, as well as with dashed lines and shades that form short but expressive eyebrows. The mane and shoulders are light, the fore and hind limbs are silver-gray without black spots below the knees and elbows, with the exception of a slight hatching over the fingers, the tip of the tail is black, the underside of the tail and pants are light silver-gray.
In the photo pomeranian white and red spitz
- Cream sable
- Sable orange
- Black and tan and spotted
The main color of the spotted individuals is white. Black, brown, gray and orange spots are distributed throughout the body. Any monochromatic color with white paws is accepted as a marriage by color.
By nature, the Pomeranian is a fun, affectionate, playful and smiling breed. Pomeranian active and dedicated dog will be for you and your family an excellent companion and favorite of the family. He loves the owner, feels his mood very well and easily adapts to the temperament and lifestyle of the owners. He is ready everywhere to follow the owner on his heels, and if he suddenly needs it, he will bravely rush to the owner’s defense without hesitation.
Despite the small size, they do an excellent job with the work of the watchman, because they are quite decisive and bold. Thanks to their ringing voice and excellent hearing, they will always inform the owner about the arrival of someone else. For strangers is wary and sometimes too suspicious.
The Pomeranian Spitz loves the children of the owner, never shows aggression towards them and participates in various fun games on equal terms, but with restrained children behaves with restraint.
Puppies of orange need early socialization and proper upbringing. They are amenable to training, because these little dogs with toy looks are very clever and intelligent. With improper or late training, the Pomeranian can grow easily excitable or overly active. An unpresented adult Pomeranian can without a reason bark or rush at strangers who will be perceived as enemies.
Photo Pomeranian Spitz - two babes pose for a photo
Puppy of the Pomeranian spitz-dog needs to be brought up from the first days of appearance in your house and taught to execute commands from 6 months of age. The whole process of training takes place in the form of a game, without screams and assault. If the pet performs the commands correctly, be sure to praise him and treat him with a delicacy, the owner manifests his displeasure only with intonation in his voice.
The Pomeranian Spitz loves active walks, and with pleasure will walk in any weather, as thick hair does not let the cold through and he feels comfortable.
A city apartment will be suitable for keeping the Pomeranian Spitz on condition of regular walking at least 2 times a day and a country house.
Pomeranian care and maintenance
In the photo Pomeranian spitz at the exhibition
Caring for the Pomeranian Spitz is time consuming and mandatory. But with proper care and regular combing you will not notice wool on furniture and clothing.
Breed longhair, sheds. Shedding usually occurs in the spring, as the orange is overgrown with a thick and dense undercoat for the winter period.
The first molt of a puppy occurs at 4 - 6 months; during this period, the puppy padding changes to an adult one. Some puppies in this period look bare and bald. In adult girls, molting is noticeable before estrus and of course after childbirth.
But if the molt is constant, shreds fall out and bald areas are visible, the skin peels off and itches, be sure to review the nutrition, or change the makeup.
Whatever the Pomeranian dog was not afraid of hygienic procedures, the puppy from the first days of appearance in the house is gradually accustomed to all procedures and tools. Keep combs, scissors, claw cutters and other tools in the room where the puppy lives, let's sniff them regularly and so the Pomeranian will get used to the smell and the fear will pass.
Bathe orange 1-2 times a month, as necessary, before cutting or exhibition with a special shampoo for long-haired breeds. Shampoo must be diluted with water, as high-quality products are highly concentrated. After bathing, treat the surface with an air conditioner and blow-dry, while combing with a blower or comb. Walk after swimming after 2 hours, it is necessary that the wool is well dried out.
Combing: 1-2 times a week with a comb or comb with long teeth in the direction of hair growth to the root. Never comb a dry coat. Before combing, be sure to sprinkle six with water (to soften the water, add a little conditioner to it) or a spray for dogs. Thus, you will remove dead hair and prevent the appearance of mats.
During periods of molting, the pet is combed 3-4 times in a pukhoderka or furminator. a week you have to choose bunches of dead undercoat, and carefully comb through with a comb. An excellent feature for Pomeranian Spitz wool, it does not fall into tubers.
Sad puppy Pomeranian Spitz - photo
To care for the German spitz you need:
- Massage brush on a rubber cushion with long metal teeth
- Combs with long sparse and frequent metal teeth
- Natural bristle brush
- Pudder or Furminator
- Air conditioning
Haircut: Pomeranian Spitz is cut with thinning scissors (not shortly) in order to maintain a neat look and highlight the silhouette, thereby emphasizing the dignity and beauty. When hygienic haircut, the hair is cut between the paw pads, on the paws themselves, the area under the tail is cut, the tail and ears are emphasized.
You cannot cut an orange with a machine to zero, they have arctic type of wool that protects from cold and moisture in winter and from overheating in summer. Shaving wool, you break the natural structure of the guard hair, which repels dirt and protects it from tangling. The regrown hair will be soft and fluffy, which will lead to the regular appearance of tangles, besides there is a risk that the hair will no longer take its original appearance.
Teeth: brush 3-4 times a week with a special toothpaste for dogs with a toothbrush, a toothbrush or a piece of bandage. To prevent tartar, include solid foods in the diet.
Eyes: inspect daily. The healthy eyes of the Pomeranian Spitz are shiny, without tears and souring. Small lumps in the corners of the eyes in the morning are easily removed with a soft cloth without a nap dipped in chamomile broth. Each eye is wiped with a separate piece.
If you notice excessive acidification, swelling of the eyelids, eye redness or lacrimation, immediately contact your veterinarian for help.
Claws: cut once a month with a nail clipper for small breeds. Smooth sharp ends with a nail file.
Paws: wash or wipe with a wet towel after walking. Paw pads inspect for the presence of wounds and cracks. During the winter period, especially thoroughly wash the pads of salt and sand and do not allow your pet to lick the paws in order to avoid poisoning.
Regularly rub vegetable oil into the paw pads and include it in the diet of orange (1 tsp. Per day) so that the pads remain elastic, elastic and without cracks.
Фото померанский шпиц белого окраса
Померанский шпиц: клещи и блохи
Регулярно обрабатывайте померанского шпица средствами от эктопаразитов. Блохи вызывают зуд, раздражение кожи и являются переносчиками глистов.
Ticks, in particular ixodic ticks, are carriers of a deadly disease - piroplasmosis (babesiosis).
Preparations from fleas and ticks for dogs:
- Drops on withers (valid for 3 weeks)
- Collar (effective with constant wear)
- Tablets (allowed to give only healthy adult dogs after consulting a veterinarian)
- Spray (applied before the walk, and in case of infection with fleas, it is necessary to process all things: clothes, lounger)
The coat is very thick with a dense undercoat and it is not easy to look at it. Therefore, the late detection of a tick will lead to serious consequences and even death. Do not be afraid, not all ticks are carriers of the disease.
If you find a tick, put on rubber gloves and use a pair of tweezers to twist the parasite out of the dog's skin in circular motions. Treat the bite with antiseptic. Watch your pet's health for the next few days. If there are no symptoms listed below, the tick was non-infectious, which means that this time your pet is lucky.
Symptoms of piroplasmosis (babesiosis):
- High body temperature (39 degrees and above)
- Lethargy, apathy
- Refusal from food and drink
- Red brown urine
- Yellow whites of the eyes
- Can't stand on hind legs
If you notice these symptoms, go to the veterinarian immediately, as the dog will need medication.
Photo adult pomeranian with a ball in his mouth
Walking an orange is necessary (at least 2 times a day from half an hour to 1 hour), he loves and will walk in any weather. Walks are active, interesting with elements of training.
Sunbed fit open with sides or with a roof-type booth. There are also transformer loungers 2 in 1. Such a lounger from an open, easily turns into a closed house. Choose a lounger from quality materials that are easy to wash. Place for dogs should be in a cozy corner in the house, not on the aisle, without access drafts.
Toys: made of dense rubber (rings, balls) with and without beeper, rope toys.
Clothes: the orange has a rich and dense coat, so some clothes will look ridiculous, but to maintain cleanliness you can buy overalls for the winter period and a raincoat to protect against dirt.
Inexperienced owners often wonder: "How to feed the Pomeranian spitz-dog?"
Easier and healthier, balanced dry feed. They contain all the necessary vitamins and minerals for dogs of different ages.
Having made the decision to feed with natural products, you know, food from the table is contraindicated.
Pomeranian must comply with mono-diet, and do not forget to monitor the balance of vitamins and minerals.
Prohibited Dwarf Spitz Products:
- sausage, smoked meats
- spicy and fatty foods
- flour products
- small tubular bones of a bird
- pork (fatty meat, load on the liver)
- River fish
The diet includes such products:
- beef, lean lamb (scalded or raw)
- sea fish, boneless (only boiled)
- fruit (seasonal)
- dairy products
- cereals (rice, buckwheat, rolled oats)
- 1 teaspoon vegetable oil per day
Food for the Pomeranian Spitz is served always fresh, at room temperature.
Be sure to have enough fresh water.
Stiff back hairs are perpendicular to the body thanks to a fluffy and thick undercoat. Having a double coat, the Pomeranian does not freeze in the cold because of its "fur coat". Of course if the cold is not too strong.
Also, the Spitz has an elegant “collar” and fluffy “pants” on its hind legs. Twisted tail is covered with thick hair.
Answering the question: how many shades does a spitz have, you can get lost. In total there are about twelve colors, but it is worth noting that the final shade will be formed only by six months, after the first molt.
The main open classes in the colors of the Pomeranian Spitz are:
- bright red, orange, cream, sable,
- black, brown, blue,
- other valid colors.
The origin of the Pomeranian Spitz is rooted in the history of northern Europe. On the Baltic coast, in Germany, there is a region of Pomerania, where this breed was first bred. From there the dog got its name. The ancestors of the Pomeranian Spitz were dogs much larger, weighing 10-15 kg.
Queen of Great Britain Victoria in the beginning of the nineteenth century visited Florence, where she met this breed, which she immediately liked. Thus, the Pomeranian spitz came to England, where famous breeders began working on breeding a different type of breed with improved wool cover and smaller dimensions.
In America, the Pomeranian spitz came in 1892, after crossing the Atlantic Ocean. There, this exquisite breed began to participate in all sorts of dog shows.
To date, the American Kennel Club has registered the Pomeranian Spitz on the fifteenth place among other known breeds.
You can read more about this in the article “History of the Pomeranian Spitz” breed.
The nature of the Pomeranian Spitz is distinguished by good nature and cheerfulness. He will be a great companion in games and a friend in life, not only for adults but also for children. Dogs treat children with special love, with great pleasure are ready to play with. However, care must be taken that the child does not injure the spitz.
Despite the fact that the Pomeranian Spitz has a very strong psyche, they subtly feel the mood swings of their master.
The small size and attitude to the decoration of this breed does not mean that this dog does not have the makings of a real dog. He always follows his master and is ready to defend him in case of any danger. The Spitz’s dominant character, therefore, if an outsider appears on its territory, he will quickly notify the owner of this with a loud barking.
How much the Pomeranian Spitz lives on average depends on the living conditions and the quality of care. The life span of dogs of this breed is about fourteen years, but with proper care for the physical health of the dog, she will be able to live much longer.
This is a breed created artificially, thanks to the long work of geneticists, therefore, mainly the diseases of the Pomeranian Spitz are associated with its small growth. Let us see what diseases are most often affected by dogs of this small breed.
First, almost every spitz owner will be affected by a problem with the pet's teeth, since its milk teeth are too long. Because of this, they fall out long and with complications, hindering the natural development of molars. In this case, you will need to consult a doctor to remove milk teeth. Also, pets often have tartar, respectively - a bad breath, which also needs to be treated on time.
Secondly, due to its small size, Spitz has problems with joints. If during games the animal has a noticeable limp, it is possible that he fell ill with diseases such as weakness of the ligaments of the limbs or subluxation of the knee joint.
Thirdly, there may be a collision with problems of the gastrointestinal tract. Despite the fact that the Pomeranian Spitz unpretentious in food, they have a very good appetite. If it is too often fed, the spitz will very quickly become fat, which will lead to indigestion.
Fourthly, Spitz has often a spasm of the cartilaginous larynx after walking or eating, which leads to coughing.
Fifthly, these animals often have discharge from the eyes, along with lacrimation. This is especially noticeable after walking in windy weather or in dry hot weather.
Despite the fact that the breed has characteristic diseases, if you properly care and constantly monitor the Pomeranian spitz, you can notice the first symptoms of the disease in time and contact your veterinarian for timely treatment.
Despite the fluffy and long coat of the Pomeranian Spitz, you will not have to constantly look after it. It is enough just to follow a few rules in the care of wool and there will be no problems, since the density of the undercoat perfectly holds both yourself and the guard villi.
Combing a dog needs to be twice a week. Too frequent brushing may remove the undercoat. Daily care will be needed during shedding and only with a massage brush.
It is necessary to bathe a pet only at strong pollution, but not more often than once a month. At other times, you can use dry dog shampoos, then gently comb the coat.
After walking it will be enough to wipe the legs of the spitz with a damp cloth and it is easy to walk with a brush against the coat.
Upbringing and training
As soon as the puppy gets into the house, you need to immediately begin its proper upbringing. The first thing is to allow what is possible, and to prohibit what is impossible.
One should always praise a pet for obedience and scold if it is a naughty one. The Pomeranian Spitz is very clever and seizes everything on the fly, so do not shout at it. But there should be no indulgence either - the spitz will quickly realize that he can achieve everything he wants.
It is very important to pay attention to the pet, communicate and play with him. Otherwise, there is a risk that an insecure and aggressive dog will grow.
Having started a Pomeranian spitz-dog, you will not have to change your habits - he likes to please the owner, so there will be no special problems with training. Already from five months the dog can learn the basic commands.
Tell us how your pomeranian looks and behaves? How old is he?
Pomeranian Spitz character
Peculiarities of the breed highlight the good-natured, friendly nature, devotion and tenderness of the Pomeranian Spitz. They have a strong nervous system and high intelligence.
- Mistrustful attitude to strangers.
- Pomeranian is a great friend and companion for people of any age.
- Very attached to the owner and sensitive to his mood.
- Quickly adapt to any changes.
- Pomeranian spitz unobtrusive, easily tolerate travel.
- Curious and picky, they like to bark at big dogs.
- Affectionate with children and get along well with other pets in the house.
- Energetic, love movement and long, active walks.
- Alert and courageous. If they feel the danger to family members, they become protected.
As long as the Pomeranian spitz lives, they remain cheerful, positive, active. If we talk about the pros and cons of these pets, then from the negative qualities of the owners emit only a loud barking.
Pomeranian is very clever and intelligent, which is why it is easy to train. Already at the age of 4-5 months puppies learn the basic set of commands. They are well-versed in any situation; one owner’s movement understands what is required of them. Puppies breed quickly accustomed to the tray.
IMPORTANT! To learn how to raise a puppy properly, purchase a book or special training manual.
- Begin to train the baby immediately after his appearance in the house.
- Pay attention to walks and active games.
- Adjust the dog's behavior during training, in society.
- Do not use aggression and physical strength as a punishment.
- Require the execution of commands and assigned tasks.
- Do not allow strangers to take part in raising a puppy.
- For the performance of commands praise the dog and treat delicacy.
- Consistently and patiently let your pet know that you are the boss.
Only with the right upbringing and training, the Pomeranian Spitz will be faithful, affectionate and reliable friend.
Care and maintenance
Lifespan babies is 12-15 years old. Despite the chic thick coat, these dogs are unpretentious and do not require much time to care. A caring owner should know the basic rules of keeping a dog, how to care and how to wash a pet.
- It is necessary to bathe a pet 4-6 times a year with dog shampoos. It is advisable to comb the wool 2 times a week, and during shedding - daily using special massage brushes and combs.
- Do not allow the appearance of lumps and tangles on wool. During the molting, make sure that the spitz does not appear bald places between the fur.
- Teeth should be cleaned 3-4 times a week with dental powder. During the change of teeth, monitor the condition of the gums and the formation of the correct bite.
- Auricles are cleaned from dirt with wipes moistened with lotion. The procedure is repeated 2 times a week.
- Eyes rub daily.
- Claws are clipped 1 mm with the help of a claw cutter once a week.
- Spitz dogs do not tolerate cold, so it is necessary to warm the pet in the winter cold with clothing.
- Knitting is allowed after reaching the age of 1.5 years. We do not recommend mating earlier - it is dangerous for the health of the bitch and newborn puppies.
Each owner, acquiring a Pomeranian Spitz, must know some of the rules for its content.
- Provide a safe, comfortable place for your dog to rest. The bed can be made of a soft mattress or a rug with a replaceable sheet.
- Teach your dog to clean. Take time every day to hygienic procedures.
- Do not let the furniture and your things bite. Buy a dog toys.
- Take care of hygiene products and the availability of a veterinary first aid kit.
- Daily walk your pet. Duration of walks should be 2-3 hours.
- Get special dishes for the dog.
- Buy a soft collar and leash.
Each owner, bringing a pet into the house, takes responsibility for his health. From infections and illnesses of a pet protect with the help of vaccinations.
Vaccination is carried out in three stages until the dog reaches one year of age. Further vaccinations are made annually. To get vaccinations at home, you can invite a veterinarian.
The most dangerous diseases of the breed are:
- retinal atrophy,
- heart disease.
IMPORTANT! Regularly visit the veterinarian for a routine examination and detection of diseases in the early stages. If you do not know how to determine the signs of the disease, do not delay the trip to the vet.
What to feed Pomeranian Spitz
In order for the pet to always be full of strength and look healthy, its owner needs to take care of the nutrition of the dog. Depending on the age of the baby, the number of feedings will be determined: for a puppy - 4-5 times a day, for an adult dog - 2-3 times.
Choosing what to feed your puppy, stop at such products:
- boiled sea fish without bones,
- dairy products,
- lean beef,
- boiled offal (heart, kidney, liver, lungs),
- poultry meat.
Teeth dogs need in bones. Try once a week to pamper your pet beef, calf bone small. It is not allowed to feed the pomeranian bones from poultry.
Determining how to feed your pet, give preference to dry food with a minimum fat content. Make sure that the composition contains all the useful vitamins and minerals. In order to avoid problems with the stomach, it is advisable not to overfeed the dog.
Photo of Pomeranian Spitz
Appearance and Description
Pomeranian Spitz, as a separate breed, entrenched in Germany, Britain and America, France and Holland, as well as in our country. To date, there are three types or the main varieties of the Pomeranian Spitz, but only dogs that have a very characteristic “fox” snout correspond to standards. The other two varieties are also becoming more and more popular with breeders every year - these are “baby dollars” or bby door, as well as “bear type” or teddy market.
Breed standards for an orange were adopted by experts of the American Kennel Club, and characterize such a pet as an animal with a unique compact size and constitution, giving the body an original square shape. Standards of dogs participating in exhibition shows are presented:
- size and weight
- head area
- legs and limbs
- color features
- the nature of the movements
In accordance with the standards set by the ACU, the breed show Pomeranian spitz has:
- weighing from 1.4 kg to 3.2 kg, harmonious and compact, but strong addition,
- proportional to the body, wedge-shaped head,
- sly and "fox", sparkling, dark, medium in size, almond-shaped, set not very wide, but not close eyes,
- small, erect, high, but not very wide ears,
- slightly bulging skull
- rather sharp transition from the forehead area to the thin, but without sharpening, muzzle,
- black or matching lips,
- black or matching the color of the nose,
- scissor bite, no snack or undershot,
- rather short, well-set and high, and also smoothly turning into withers, with a straight topline, neck,
- strong, with convex and rounded ribs, body,
- deep enough and not too wide breasts,
- set high, tight to the back, tail.
- shoulder blades of the forelimbs, which cause the neck to be held high and high,
- straight and parallel to each other, medium-length forelegs with steep pasterns,
- задними конечностями с поставленными перпендикулярно земле и параллельно друг другу плюснами, а также не развернутыми скакательными суставами.
The coat of orange with a short, soft and thick undercoat and a longer, but coarse and glossy coating coat that is tough to the touch. On the neck there is a characteristic "collar" represented by longer, thick, straight and protruding hair. A rather thick coat is also noted on the tail, and the front limbs are distinguished by good feathering. At the mono-breed show, in the "Open Class", all dogs shown are divided by color:
- bright red
- bright black
- any other, acceptable bright color.
All colors recognized by the breed of orange are estimated to be equivalent. In assessing the presence of:
- any solid color
- any solid color with a lighter or darker shade in the same color scheme,
- any solid color with a black or sable shade,
- spotted color,
- sable and black and tan color.
Movements of the Pomeranian Spitz should be smooth, free and confident.. Seen from the front, the elbows should not turn outwards, and behind them, there should be no convergence or a wide set of hind limbs.
Important! When choosing a Pomeranian Pomeranian dog, you need to pay special attention to the temperament of the animal, which must have a look with guessed extraordinary mind, cheerful and very cheerful character and appropriate behavior of the breed.
The overall life of a four-legged pet will directly depend on proper care and compliance with home maintenance rules.. With due attention, the Pomeranian Spitz is able to maintain puppy enthusiasm and the presence of pep for fifteen or sixteen years.
Care and hygiene
The basic rules for caring for a pomeranian spitz when kept at home are as follows:
- water procedures are carried out no more than once every two or three months,
- drying the dog's hair is done using a hair dryer,
- you need to cut the claws with special nippers,
- de-worming should be carried out regularly,
- from ectoparasites in the summer, special collars, sprays, drops and shampoos are used,
- regularly need to carry out examinations of the mouth, ears and eyes,
- wash your eyes with a sponge, previously soaked in warm and boiled water,
- brushing your teeth with special toothpaste is necessary a couple of times a week to prevent the development of severe dental diseases.
Pandas are most often formed in the groin area, as well as behind the ears and between the fingers on the paws. It is allowed to trim the coat around the paws, up to the hock joints, and also to remove the sticking hairs along the edges of the ears and anus of the dog.
Oranges are not only possible, but also need to be cut properly. Canine hairdressers are ready to offer a huge number of options for everyday and exhibition hairstyles that are ideal for such a miniature breed. With all the rules of care and compliance with regular combing, the dog almost imperceptibly sheds, and the wool does not fly around the house and does not settle on the interior.
Food Pomeranian Spitz
Feeding orange can be natural products or special ready-made rations. The advantages of the second method include:
- saving time and effort on cooking,
- properly balanced composition
- lack of supplementation of food with special additives,
- ease of storage and transportation.
The disadvantages of this dietary option are represented by a high price and the need to purchase diets of only the most expensive brands.. The composition of a complete feed should include vegetables and cereals, vitamins and oils, minerals and additives for immunity. Best proven:
- Canadian fodder Nw Nvturvl Holliscis with natural meat, fruits and vegetables, without the presence of cereals,
- the Rawa Pro Plan feed line with various tastes and composition aimed at the general strengthening of the animal immunity,
- Balanced feed Royal Bay with vitamin-mineral complex, which allows to preserve the health of your pet.
A full natural menu of the Pomeranian Spitz should be presented:
- crushed meat in the form of lean beef or lamb, as well as a variety of by-products,
- boneless and cut into small pieces river fish in boiled form and sea fish in the raw,
- boiled eggs
- fermented milk products in the form of sour cottage cheese or kefir,
- rice, buckwheat or oatmeal porridge,
- finely grated and mixed with vegetable oils, vegetables, raw or stewed,
- greens and fruits.
For the teeth and the development of the jaw muscles, it is recommended to give the Pomeranian spitz-dog rye crackers and special chewing bones. It is strictly forbidden to feed the dog with flour and butter products, potatoes and beets, legumes, chocolate and other sweets, semolina and millet porridge, as well as salty and spicy, fatty and smoked, pickled foods. Also, you should not give your pet sausage, pork and spices..
Important! To prevent obesity, you should not pamper a puppy and an adult Spitz outside the feeding schedule with “snacks”, as well as overfeed the pet. When detecting the first signs of overweight, it is necessary to revise the diet, eliminate fatty and poorly digestible ingredients, reduce portions.
Diseases and breed defects
Dwarf spitz-dogs are the result of the painstaking and long-lasting work of geneticists, so a significant part of the diseases of the artificially bred breed is directly related to the size of the dog:
- problems with the oral cavity and teeth, accompanied by the appearance of a sharp and unpleasant smell,
- violations of the correct operation of the stomach and intestines,
- pathologies associated with liver tissue,
- tooth loss,
- pronounced change of bite,
- weakness of the ligaments and joints of the limbs,
- subluxation and dislocation of the knee joints,
- fractures and displacement of bones,
- spasms of the cartilaginous part of the larynx,
- excessive tearing,
- anomaly of the lacrimal duct of the eye,
- progressive congenital atrophy of the eye retina.
In recent years, hypoglycemia, nanism or excessive dwarfism, incomplete accretion of the cranial bones have become very characteristic of the Pomeranian Spitz, hydrocephalus, congenital or acquired hypothyroidism, as well as testicular tumor and cryptorchidism in males.
The most common breed and disqualifying defects include the presence of an animal:
- round, domed skull,
- sloping pasterns,
- cow set,
- soft, tight-fitting or improperly standing coat,
- excessive local haircuts,
- white chest, paws or limbs in dogs with a solid color, with the exception of white.
It should be noted that the fifth fingers on the front legs can be, and sometimes even need to be removed. Also, the dewclaws of the hind limbs are necessarily removed.
Buy Pomeranian Spitz
You can buy an orange puppy both from private breeders and in many nurseries that specialize in breeding this breed. As a rule, it is the second purchase option that guarantees the purchase of a purebred and healthy puppy that has undergone primary deworming and vaccination, as well as having all the necessary documents and stamp.
What to look for
A puppy is best purchased at the age of one and a half or two months when the dog begins to eat solid and varied food on its own. When choosing a pet from a private breeder or in a nursery, be sure to consider:
- the mobility and activity of the animal,
- jaw and teeth health
- clean the inside of the ears,
- clean and fluffy wool without dandruff,
- the skin without damage, injuries and bald patches,
- absence of umbilical and inguinal hernia,
- clean and shiny eyes
- cool nose with no discharge,
- clean, pink tongue and gums,
- healthy and even limbs.
Responsible breeder sells puppies with a veterinary passport, which indicates the full information about made and upcoming vaccinations.
It is interesting! In the first days after the acquisition, at the stage of adaptation, an orange must be guaranteed complete safety, since puppies of this breed are susceptible to drafts and cold, poor-quality food or water.
Price dog breeds Pomeranian Spitz
The average cost of a dwarf or pomeranian spitz-dog in different nurseries can vary greatly:
- the price of an orange puppy, which will become just a kind and affectionate friend, most often does not exceed 20-25 thousand rubles,
- the price of a puppy, which is supposed to be shown at dog shows and contests in the future, is usually 30-45 thousand rubles,
- the price of a puppy, which can be used later in breeding work, starts from 45-50 thousand rubles.
The most expensive puppies of orange always have perfect pedigree characteristics and a pure pedigree, and also have excellent anatomy with strong bones and the correct structure of coat.
Pomeranian Spitz, definitely not able to get along in the same house with lazy and passive owners. This breed needs activity that allows a pet to completely throw out all the accumulated energy. Nevertheless, it is noted that the spitz often become excellent companions for both adolescent children and the elderly, leading a fairly active lifestyle.
When choosing a Pomeranian Spitz as a pet, you need to consider several pedigree features. A distinctive feature of the appearance is the vertical standing of wool, which gives the animal a very original and attractive, "fluffy" look. You should also remember about excessive barking and very ringing voice, which becomes frequent and especially annoying in the absence of the necessary upbringing.
It should be noted that even at puppyhood, Pomeranian spitz-dogs are very insightful. If such a pet feels the lack of perseverance of the owner in the learning process, it may well begin to stubborn and able to ignore the execution of any commands.
Despite their extremely tiny size, oranges represent themselves as large and fearless animals, because they often attack dogs, which are several times larger than them in age and size.