Labradors are one of the most popular dog breeds today.
If as a description you need to pick up one word, then this word will be a friend.
How this breed of dogs originated, how to look after them properly, how many years they live, how much they cost in different countries, and how much one Labrador can eat per day you will find out in this article.
Until now, people are not completely aware of how these dogs appeared in our life.
A huge number of researchers believe that the origin of this breed was from the domestic dogs of North American Indians. At that time, they helped their masters to fish.
At the beginning of the 19th century, European sailors wandered onto a Canadian island called Newfoundland and noticed such a beautiful breed of dogs among the Aborigines.
They became real, universal assistants. Their duties included diving for fishing nets and bringing game from the forest.
In 1830, the Labrador breed appeared in Britain, and received great success among hunters.
Endurance, patience and activity helped hunters get out of the most difficult situations.
Only in 1903 this breed was officially recognized and named "Labrador". They got their name due to their origin.
Their ancestors were bred on the Labrador Peninsula. Now these dogs are in the life of almost every famous person.
Whether he is a politician or a movie star. Repeatedly Labradors are used as guide dogs for blind people.
Appearance of a dog
The external description of the breed is quite simple. This dog can be recognized very easily.
There are international standards by which you can determine whether a dog is a member of its breed.
Conducted calculations and criteria that were recorded in the table. Thanks to the created table, it is determined whether your pet can be attributed to the Labrador breed or not.
First of all, you should pay attention to the fact that the dog must be strong, muscular and compact.
The height of a standard dog at the withers is 56-57 cm, and females - 54-56 cm.
According to the American standard, in a dog, the height at the withers should be 57-62 cm, and in the bitch at the withers 55-59 cm. The height at the withers can be measured with a conventional centimeter or a ruler.
The head is wide, the ears are small, hang a little behind. The neck is powerful and large, the chest is wide, the limbs are strong, and the paws are compact.
The tail is also an indicator of the breed of the dog. In Labrador, it should resemble an otter's tail.
Growth and color
The growth of these dogs is optimal, as it is not a very big dog, but also not small.
In the first month of their life, their growth is 23 cm, by three months - 40 cm, 6 months - 50 cm. When the puppy is one year old, his height will be about 56 cm, at that his growth stops.
Today, there are three varieties of color:
Characteristic of the dog
Labradors are a breed that has an excellent positive characteristic.
They are very talented, have high intelligence. They are never scared, sad or lonely. No matter what kind of lifestyle you lead, the dog easily adapts to you.
You can be a hunter, a fisherman, a police officer, a lifeguard. According to statistics, almost 80% of guide dogs are Labradors.
They are prudent. These are reliable companions, especially for blind people. The balanced nature of the Labrador simply conquers.
Such a dog is very difficult to offend or bring to the point that it starts to snap. Always have fun with her.
Your adult friend can adjust to your mood and will not get under your feet, but is always ready to help.
Without any fear, you can leave the dog with the child, even if the child is only a few years old. Many believe that dogs of this breed are real nannies.
It happens that a dog appears in your home earlier than a child. They will be best friends. Labrador will never offend a child and will always be able to look after him if you leave for a few minutes..
Labradors live well with other animals. They are non-conflicting and the first will never begin to snap at a foreign animal.
So if you have a cat at home, you do not need to worry that they will quarrel among themselves.
Many people worry that big dogs do not live long. Therefore, try not to buy them, knowing that in 10 years the dog will have to say goodbye.
Therefore, it is often asked how many years one or another breed lives on average. For example, shepherd dogs - from 10 to 13 years, and small and up to 17 and 18 years old.
Fortunately, the Labrador also boasts its longevity. On average, such a dog lives 15-18 years.
And This is a very good indicator. Together with your children will grow and live your pet, which even in old age will not let you get bored.
The life span of your pet is primarily up to you. Even minor symptoms worth paying attention to.
Labrador is the most energetic and mobile breed, but also it is calm. You probably think that this can not be, but it is. The main thing is to learn how to control its activity.
For a Labrador, an ideal exercise is considered to be a morning walk lasting about half an hour.
And then an evening walk, but here the duration should be at least two hours.
It is desirable that the dog does not just follow you, but play a ball and run. A great option would be a bike ride or a frisbee game.
The main feature of Labradors is wool. If you look at the photo on the Internet, you can see what a luxurious wool he has.
But a minus of such beauty is a periodic molt. To avoid this, you must purchase a comb and comb it several times a week.
If your dog was bought in the river, then after a walk, her wool should be washed with running water and then wiped dry with a towel.
Content in the apartment
Sure you may. It is only necessary to know some features of keeping a dog in an apartment.
First of all, you need to remember that the dog loves communication very much and that is why it should equip a place where it would have a good viewing angle.
You should not buy a dog box or box, enough litter from natural materials. The size should be such that the dog can easily stretch and relax.
Proper nutrition is a prerequisite for the health of any dog, especially when it leads an active lifestyle.
How many times a day you need to feed a guide dog and what to feed, it is of interest to all who like this breed.
In her diet should be all useful and nutrients. And then it will look like in the picture.
Labradors are prone to obesity, so if you decide to feed the dog meat, it is better to choose a dietary type.
Most often, breeders refuse natural feeding and prefer professional food. But here everyone decides for himself.
When buying a dog in a kennel, you can ask for a complete description of what the puppy has been eating all this time.
The first time will have to stick to this in order not to rip the puppy's stomach. It will take several years and you will forget how to teach him to one or another food.
No matter how old your pet is, his inclination to disease will not go anywhere.
First of all, you should pay attention to such a disease as obesity. Only physical exertion will help you protect your dog from this.
Also, many large breed dogs have a disease such as dysplasia. This disease is not yet fully understood and for what reasons it may occur in your pet is unknown.
Try at least once a year to go to the vet for a checkup. With proper care, all illnesses will bypass your pet.
Interesting facts from the life of Labradors
If you still doubt whether to start a Labrador, here is a list of interesting facts about Labradors and their lives:
- For 3 seconds they gain speed of 20 km / h.
- Dive to a depth of 14 m.
- Labrador scent is 25% better than a sheepdog.
There is already a proven fact that a Labrador can safely take an egg in its mouth and bring it whole.
Another fact is that these dogs almost do not feel pain, so they boldly rush into the very center of the fire or disaster.
They also often starred in various films while having both a main role and a minor role.
The minimum cost of a puppy in Ukraine is from UAH 6,000, in Russia from 35,000 rubles.
If you can not determine whether your pet is a Labrador, you can contact the dog training club and consult or compare your dog with the photos we have chosen especially for you.
We bring to your attention a very interesting TV show in which you will be told in detail about how to properly maintain and care for a pet of this breed.
We recommend reading:
The origin of the breed
Scientists have so far failed to fully clarify the origin of this breed. But there is information that the first dogs came to the territory of England from the shores of Canada, more precisely to the island of Newfoundland. Therefore, initially they were called by the name of the island and the city of the same name.
There are several theories of the origin of these dogs. According to one of them, they are descended from Newfound dogs. But Dr. Woods offers a different version, according to which the formation of the breed took place on the island and Basques and Vikings took an active part in its creation. Life on the island has left its mark on the habits of dogs. They love water and agree to work even on land, even in water.
The fishermen of Newfoundrenda needed a quadruped helper — a small one, so that he could get on the boat and get out of it, equipped with water-repellent wool, with a developed search instinct and high performance.
At that time, two types of animals developed on the island - small Newfoundland dogs and large ones. Large dogs were used as a force for priests. But in the beginning of the 19th century, they began to be taken out of the island for English aristocrats, since large-sized dogs with long hair came into fashion. They have retained the original name of the island.
Small dogs were rather tiny, had a short, waterproof coat, agility and vigor. They loved the water and had a unique scent. They were called differently: Lesser St. John's, Lesser-Newfoundland, and, surprisingly, researchers - Labradors.
Large dogs - Newfoundlands are still representatives of a fairly common breed, and small dogs have become the founders of modern breeds of retrievers, including Labradors.
The unique qualities of Labradors - the ability to stay on the water and docile nature, noticed athletes from England. When the fashion of pheasant birds began to be fashioned, the representatives of the breeds setter and point were often replaced with retrievers. But then no one followed the purity of the species, and the owners received offspring from individuals with short and long hair.
Since 1830, small dogs (St. John’s, they are Labradors) began to be taken from the island to England for breeding as a separate breed. At that time, some breeders began to adhere to certain rules, trying to preserve natural data. But many were engaged in experiments, reducing Labradors with other representatives of breeds of a retriever.
At the beginning of the century, Labradors could be seen in English exhibitions. At that time, the name of the retriever included several species of dogs - long and short hair retrievers, dark chestnut retrievers and Norfolk, which have already disappeared. Later, individual species were registered for each species, and in 1903, a separate breed of Labrador Retrievers was registered at the English Kennel Club.
For two decades, several large nurseries have been improving the breed, and their work is the appearance of modern Labrador retrievers.
Description of breed Labrador Retriever
Dog breed Labrador Retriever - photo
Retrievers have developed muscles, proportional physique. Characteristics of the breed:
- Head the dogs are wide. Puppies 3-4 months she looks more than the rest of the body.
- Body dogs long, powerful, with a broad chest and massive neck. Loins short, muscular.
- Ears trailing, located slightly behind. The eyes are almond-shaped, wide apart. Muzzle elongated.
- Paws neat, rounded, between the fingers are leathery membranes.
- Tail has a certain similarity with the tail of an otter, at the base it is thick, and by the end it narrows considerably. Oriented horizontally.
- Coat stiff, dense, short, with abundant well-developed undercoat. Such a fur coat went to the dogs from their ancestors living in cold climates. She pushes water away.
It will be interesting: what kind of dog to get.
Labrador Retriever Colors
The standard identifies three types of color Labrador Retrievers:
- with black wool
- pale yellow,
- brown (chocolate, liver).
But the permissible palette includes:
- light cream tones
- Fox Red,
A small white spot in the chest area is allowed.
Character traits of labrador retrievers
Labradors are intelligent and very gifted dogs. Their keen scent and love of applishing allows them to use representatives of this breed for official work. Dogs are able to perform work in the hunt, to look for prohibited and dangerous substances at customs points. Labrador retrievers make excellent lifeguards in the mountains, on the water and in ordinary terrain.
They are so balanced and calm that they can serve as a guide for blind people. According to statistics, this breed accounts for about 80% of all four-legged guide dogs.
Labrador Retriever Puppies - Photo
And the most important qualities - dogs are distinguished by reliability, devotion and developed intellect, which makes them unsurpassed companions. Dogs differ in cheerfulness and goodwill. They are always ready for contact, but they do not impose their society. Surprisingly subtly capture the mood of the owner and behave very delicately.
Labradors - excellent nannies, under their supervision, you can safely leave the children. These dogs are calm and they are not touched by vanity, the presence of outsiders, children's cries, screams and other unforeseen situations. When they get out of “unkind” hands to a caring family, pets recover very quickly and show extremely positive character traits.
But in the nature of Labradors there is one nuance. They were bred for continuous work side by side with a person, so they are experiencing quite sharply loneliness. Without proper attention and with long-term loneliness, they may start behaving in an inappropriate way or acquire bad habits, for example, they may bark monotonously for a long time. Owners should take into account that this is not "harmful", but a request, a prayer of a clever pet for help.
If the dog receives proper care and attention from the owner, then its behavior is almost exemplary. Naturally, we are talking about adults, puppies are playful and lively creatures. Yes, future owners should be warned - the period of maturation at Labradors is quite long.
Past socialization and training courses, Labradors can peacefully coexist with any other pets. They are by nature very peaceful creatures and communication with their own kind gives them great pleasure.
Dog labrador retriever photo
Purebred representatives are omnivores. In addition, they have a tendency to steal food. Yes, and other methods for the extraction of food (asking eyes, feet on the knee, and others. Tricks) they use with success. Therefore, it is important for the owners not to allow the dog to get to the remnants of food. Especially since Labradors are prone to obesity.
A pet should be given considerable physical exertion so that it does not get bored and does not begin to look for a “occupation” on its own. Labradors are not guards. Yes, they can rush towards the people who have come and bark loudly at the same time, but they do it out of good intentions to greet the guests.
The mind and intelligence of these dogs greatly facilitates the processes of training. They react to any encouragement, be it a treat, a toy, or a kind word. They should be trained as early as possible, as they can quickly lose control.
Experts warn that dogs of such a build should be taught at an early age to walk on a leash, since subsequently it will be very difficult to keep the labrador's pulling leash. These dogs clearly show the desire to please the owner, so the owner is only required to apply the methods of consistent training.
Features care and maintenance
In the care of Labradors do not require any special manipulations, however, some nuances are still there. For example, these dogs shed all year round, so regular combing of the hair with a comb is necessary. This should be done 2-3 times a week.
Любовь к водной стихии, при обычном выгуле, может приводить к стихийным купаниям в лужах. После таких прогулок питомца необходимо помыть под душем и промокнуть тканью с ворсом. Moisture in the ears can cause the development of infectious diseases, so after water procedures, ears should be wiped dry, and if necessary, use special hygiene products. Labradors also need daily teeth cleaning. The dog’s nails should preferably be trimmed 3 times a month.
Choosing a place for a dimensional pet, it is worth considering that a dark corner, somewhere in the backyard, a pet will not work. Labs love to be in the center of events, and they need an overview of everything that happens in the apartment. Any obstacles and houses they do not need, dogs are not timid dogs. They are quite suitable for large litter on which the dog could stretch to its full height.
Feed the dog should be meat, and a quarter of the diet should be cereals. It is also necessary to include in the menu supplements that are useful for joints. When choosing ready-made rations, you need to give preference to premium, super-premium feeds, holistic for large dogs.
How much is a Labrador Retriever puppy
Suitable age for puppy sales is 1.5 months. No self-respecting breeder will offer offspring that have not reached this age. The cost of a purebred puppy with a kennel stamp, pedigree and all the necessary documents varies from 30,000 to 65,000 rubles. Naturally, the price depends on the class of the dog.
You can purchase a purebred puppy, but not having puppy cards, for 10,000-12,000 rubles. Puppies offered much cheaper in private announcements are a real “cat in a bag” and no guarantees about their belonging to the breed can be obtained.
Labrador Retriever is an ideal dog for a big, friendly family. He will be great to treat all, without exception, family members. However, such a pet needs attention, care and love.
Scope of application
Worldwide interest is consistently high. Thanks to the friendly nature and natural desire to please the owner, Labradors have become one of the most popular family dogs.
They are widely used in search and rescue, coastal and other services. Their work is often described in the psychological support of patients, as guides. According to the results of a three-year international study, Labrador Retriever is recognized as the best for work in customs.
They still remain widely in demand for hunting game birds. Almost everywhere, where the dog requires balance and perseverance in the absence of any anger, labriki won the palm. But for the protective guard service, according to all the owners, they are absolutely not suitable.
Ordinary weekdays service retriever in the Russian Emergencies Ministry.
Limbs set straight and parallel. Rounded paws are collected in a ball, pads are well developed. It is very important that the movements are correct - free, light, slightly springy.
The stilted gait, the short step, the wiggle of the back end speak of the defects of anatomy. Such a Labrador does not meet the main requirement - the ability to work long hours on rough terrain.
Wide skull and muzzle should not be either fleshy or dry. The transition from the forehead to the face is pronounced. According to the official description of the breed, medium sized eyes should express the mind and good character, the color from nutty to brown.
Triangular ears hang, lying close to the head - not too wide, not heavy. Tail of medium length, straight "otdrovy", very thick at the base. He hangs freely or fun raised, but never bends over his back.
Wool two-layer - hard short awn and softer undercoat. The correct coat should be straight, very thick, water-repellent - after swimming under the wet top layer, an almost dry undercoat is noticeable.
- black, pigmentation of the nose, eyelids and lips black
- chocolate - from light liver to the color of dark chocolate. The pigment is brown,
- pale yellow (cream, golden) - from almost white with a barely noticeable “patina” on the ears, back and upper part of the tail to the saturated red. The pigment is black.
There are informal description of Labradors with non-standard colors.
- Redfox, Fox (redfox) - bright red, is considered a variant of the yellow color. There is a suspicion that is obtained by mating with ridgeback. It is possible that the expert disqualifies with the notation “atypical color,” although fox color is permitted by standard
- silver - even gray, obtained by crossing with Weimaraners. Non-standard More often it is 3-4 generation mestizos,
Silver Retriever looks charmingly puppy, but keep in mind: further access to breeding and at the exhibition you will be closed!
In the photo - a typical Dudley, with a red nose and eyelids.
Raised Labrador with a normal psyche is fully consistent with numerous descriptions. These are very friendly creatures, ready to literally communicate with everyone. They adore the family, but to strangers always with a wagging tail and a wide smile.
Children, especially teenagers, are perceived as the best playmates. It is easy to get along with small animals (cats, dogs, trifles anyway). Unhappy alone, require a lot of attention, bored "bully" - spoil things, howl.
Education, even under inexperienced owners. However, the obedient robot of them does not work because of the active inquisitive character. Read more about the character and training in a separate article.
Such a domestic terminator appears when the dog is not implemented and is bored.
A young dog, not to mention a puppy - a real hurricane! It is interesting to him to try everything for a tooth, to stick his nose everywhere, and if it is possible - to be entirely himself. And the tail lives its own life, knocking down from the tables everything that is not nailed.
This is fun, but it involves a number of dangers - injuries, electric shocks, obstruction, poisoning from household chemicals. First time at home you need to maintain perfect order. Different toys, joint active games partially save from furniture attacks.
The content of the Labrador does not presuppose any features - its place (orthopedic mattress is better), non-slip bowls or stand, mental stresses before bed (in youth especially, so that it doesn’t make noise at night).
Bathing as necessary.
Despite the modest length of the hairs, they sprinkle profusely and constantly, especially if you walk a little with the dog in winter. If you teach a puppy to a vacuum cleaner, dying hairs can be collected with a brush or pipe without a nozzle - many reviews describe this "massage" as a favorite entertainment of a Labrador.
According to the owners, the following tools help speed up the molting:
- metal squeegee loop. If the undercoat is not very thick, for paws and lower body. You can not push hard, otherwise the skin will scratch (scratching, dermatitis),
Double-sided scraper-loop for the care of labrador wool.
- wide stripping is designed to prepare hairless dogs for trimming, but perfectly comb out a thick undercoat.
- The awn is well collected by the rubber groomer - the teeth "fence" triangles or "crowns." The usual gauntlet with "fingers" is ineffective.
During the period of molting, the furminator works fine (in the photo on the left), but it is risky to use it before the exhibitions (awesome). Although if you take a couple of lessons from the breeder, it will work for combing out the case.
Puppies are combed out more for schooling, therefore single-rows and a massage brush with rounded teeth are sufficient. To make the gloss suitable brush with boar bristles.
If an adult dog sheds very little, you can do with the same tools or buy a puhoderka.
It is desirable to comb out clean, dry wool. Bathing shortens the molting period, but “special” food additives stretch the process, causing damage to the liver.
In the summer, black and chocolate colors turn brown or "rust", so show dogs do not stay in the sun for a long time. A haircut from the heat will not save, on the contrary - without the air "barrier" the surface of the body heats up faster.
In the fight against shedding haircut, haircut is also not the best option - shortened hairs are harder to remove (not a zero shave?).
Walking and activity
A walk with a vigorous clown full of energy is still a pleasure. Of the most frequent disadvantages of the breed Labrador owners describe these:
- pestering all passersby with a mute request to play, jumping into a crowd of children. Soiled or torn clothes, at least an angry rebuke, and even a blow with a shocker or a shoe,
- eating everything in a row - small gravel, leaves and other litter, not to mention edible waste,
- tendency to escape, sudden "deafness" at the sight of something interesting. Retrievers are often lost, even adults brought up, so the tag with the address on the collar is required,
- increased interest in dogs, cats, birds and all living things with whom you can play. At the sight of a non-aggressive dog, the labra “stalls” and pulls so that you go along the asphalt. From the evil dog can take a tail - lost.
Roulettes to young labs are not very suitable - they are taught to pull, not feeling the jerks controlling movement. The harness is only allowed from 2 years. Strict collar and stranglehold are not suitable for this breed, with the exception of uncontrolled aggressors (and that as a temporary measure).
Walking with an adult retriever is fun for children.
In summer, active workouts should be postponed to morning or evening. Labradors, especially those who are overweight, get tired quickly in the open sun. They are naturally more suitable forest and water element.
The pond should be relatively clean. In cool weather, you must either wear a neoprene vest, or wipe the dog dry and make it move a lot.
Puppies, chronically ill and elderly labs can swim only in summer. After a long swim in a still water a warm shower is obligatory, otherwise it will be unpleasant to smell from a pet.
Labradors are not clean, quite the contrary. For example, a dog may fall out in a slush or "dive" into a deep puddle. From the mud will save rain. At trainings it is obligatory to cover it so that the dog does not catch a cold after warming up.
They tolerate frosts well, love snow and are more “alive” than hot summers. But for a long walk from -15 it is better to wear warm overalls, especially if we are talking about an elderly or unlearned dog.
In the description of the Labrador breed, their fingers are gathered together, pressed together, and as a result, rubbish is collected between the pads. And because of the thick wool he gets stuck there. Dog, gnawing mote, peel off the skin, which can lead to the formation of cracks or infection (fungi, bacteria). After each walk, the paws should be inspected, in winter - to remove adhering lumps of snow.
You can learn more about the character and habits of the Labrador by watching the video from our channel. A selection of fun moments will surely amuse you:
Labrador Retriever is a tireless marathon runner, he must be capable of long-term work on land. And the need to swim in not always warm water suggests the presence of a developed subcutaneous fat layer. To save heat, too, leaves energy.
Therefore, by nature, they are characterized by excellent appetite. They eat like with a week's supply! And anything, without being picky, and sometimes deciding whether it is possible to eat at all after a piece has fallen into the mouth.
The diet should be balanced: either naturalka after consulting a veterinarian, or a good super-premium dry food. Plus active workouts to keep fit.
Since the characteristics of the breed are omnivorous, solid vegetables and / or diced fruits are well suited for promotion. Encouragement is a small piece for flawless execution of the command, and not a kilo of carrots for beautiful eyes.
From an early age do not indulge your crumbs with gastronomic delights!
If the Labrador is dry food, one of the feeds can be moved outside. At first, a hungry dog runs into a good run, and then practicing the skills of obedience, endurance, hauling. Without barriers, aport and other hustle and bustle - quiet training, so that there is not the slightest risk from the gastrointestinal tract. There is no need to run, because this is not about delicacy, but about a full portion.
Ban home pets puppy from the table. Explain that he is not a garbage bin or a starving African refugee. This is true for any breed, but the labra is perhaps one of the most roasted, along with dachshunds. And to wean them to burst everything almost unreal.
Problems with excess weight is in the first place in the description of the problems of the breed Labrador. Obesity leads to a variety of chronic sores that shorten the life expectancy of an already not very healthy breed.
Common genetic diseases
- dysplasia of the elbow / hip joint,
- osteochondrosis is an abnormal formation of the joint, often affects the shoulders, elbows, knees,
- retinal detachment, cataracts and other eye diseases,
- hypothyroidism - lack of thyroid hormones,
- allergic reactions, mainly skin (dermatitis, eczema),
- Ichthyosis in Labradors proceeds, as a rule, without damaging the immune system - abundant dandruff and crusts. Only symptomatic support, carriers do not get sick,
- nasal parakeratosis - crusts, painful cracks in the nose. Treatment is only symptomatic, ineffective.
An overly fat lab is an unhappy animal!
Tips for choosing a puppy
If you do not take into account the decorative breeds of dogs, Labrador Retriever is one of the most popular companion dogs. So, a lot of greedy bred. Therefore, you need to buy a puppy only in a well-known kennel.
Breeders with a name value reputation, a frank nightmare in mind and / or health does not knit. Yes, the puppy from the nursery is more expensive. But for years to treat a dog is also not cheap.
- Labrador for hunting is better to buy from work lines, and family pet, too. A dog with severe dysplasia cannot work, plus it is a certain guarantee of a stable psyche and good condition of the litter parents.
- Exhibition success is no less important! Many serious titles are proof that care and maintenance is top notch. Such dogs are cared for as a jewel, and they take care of their health, since considerable sums are invested in them.
- Even if it is a show line, the availability of working diplomas or sporting success (agility, Frisbee) is a big plus. This means that the dog does not sit on the couch, but leads a full-fledged lifestyle (psyche, health, condition, and other characteristics).
- Tests for dysplasia and eye diseases of both parents - the absolute minimum. The rest in Russia do not do or do not everywhere. Serious breeders test dogs in Europe when they go there for exhibitions.
In the extreme case, the certificate issued by RKF.
Certificate for dysplasia RKF (photo is increased by clicking).
Share with the breeder your idea of the ideal pet, give him your description. The main characteristics of the Labrador are already visible at the age of one month. Of course, you can choose the heart - the sweetest, first run up. But it is wiser to trust someone who already knows how to grow every baby. Read more about the selection here.
Otherwise, everything is standard - strong, well-fed kids, pleasant smell, playful and sociable, clean and shiny. Puppy card, stigma, contract of sale and transfer of the baby in new, caring loving hands.
Weight: Labradors - males are considered normal weight from 30 to 36 kg. We bitches - 25 - 32 kg. Labradors can quickly gain weight due to malnutrition, and this is fraught with heart disease.
Height at withers: In males - 56-57 cm, In females - 54-56 cm.
Color: Three colors are considered standard: black, chocolate and fawn. But the shades of these colors can be very diverse: light chocolate, liver, golden, light cream, red fox. Pale yellow often has a brown-liver pigmentation. The breast can be decorated with a white speck.
Wool: Labradors are covered with thick short hair that does not have waves and hair. The coat feels tough to the touch. The waterproof undercoat is also very dense.
The difference between Labrador retrievers of different colors can only be in color. And if they say that black labradors are more inclined to hunt, pale yellow ones are distinguished by some laziness, and chocolate ones - by stubbornness - this is not so.
The first standard of this breed were recognized exclusively black Labradors with a deep coal color. Later in the line of standards were included Labradors fawn, and then chocolate color.
General description of the breed, its character
The history of the most popular dog in Europe - Labrador Retriever began in the 19th century. There is evidence that several small dogs, the Newfoundlands, were brought from Newfoundland to England. They were crossed with a curly retriever, and perhaps with a foxhound and a setter.
This is how the wonderful breed of the modern Labrador Retriever, dogs of presidents and kings, rescuers and police, disabled people and ordinary citizens were brought out.
Varieties of color
The Labrador is a rather large and strong dog with an athletic physique and well-developed muscles. She is may work for several hoursin spite of even bad weather. That is why the Labrador is used as a hunting dog, capable of pursuing a bird in the water or game in the field in the most difficult conditions for a long time.
it universal dog: ее физические данные и устойчивый темперамент позволяют работать как поисковику и поводырю, а интеллект — быть прекрасным компаньоном для хозяев.
Главное, что отличает лабрадоров и чем можно объяснить любовь к ним хозяев — идеальное состояние психики, сообразительность, привязанность к членам семьи, дружелюбное общение с детьми, умение по интонации человека понять, что он должен сделать, и точно исполнить приказ.
Небольшим недостатком можно назвать любвеобильное отношение ко всем окружающим, в том числе и к незнакомым людям. It means that it cannot be used as a watchman.
On a walk
Labrador has a truly golden character. He is ready to serve the masters always and in everything. He cannot be called a bodyguard (cane Corso is better suited for this role), but he can be a guide, nurse, assistant hunter, and even a psychotherapist.
is he won't bark for no reason, but will immediately respond to suspicious noises. Perhaps it makes sense to teach the Labrador command "voice". As a real hunter retriever, will gladly bring the necessary thing to the owner.
Properly educated Labrador obedient, easily perceives learning and training, it is not characterized by an aggressive reaction to people and animals. Moreover, he loves children, is distinguished by a gentle and calm attitude towards the elderly.
Features of training and education
Labrador is easy to learn and train. It's important to start doing it on time., do not wait for the dog to mature and have time to acquire unwanted habits. It is enough to say that three-month puppies are able to solve educational tasks available to other breeds only in 6-7 months.
The dog should always have some kind of occupation - at least to bring the owner slippers or catch toys abandoned by children.
Golden character dog
One of the natural properties of Labrador - addiction to water. It is a pleasure to see them diving and swimming, helping themselves with their tail. And the second passion is do item sorting - and this is a reason to teach the dog to perform the command "Aport!" When playing with the plates.
Hosts should give it maximum attention.so that from an early age she properly adapted to the rules of communication with a person, obeyed his commands. Be patient and explain, as a child, what you can do and what you can not. Screams and physical effects are unacceptable.
The feeding pattern is approximately as follows: six times a day - up to three months of age, five times - up to five months, four times - up to ten months, three times - up to a year, and then two meals.
Puppy food is best to choose dry. You can mix it with soups or porridges. In addition, be sure to include in the diet veal or beef, chicken without skin, lean fish, eggs, vegetable oil, cereals, cottage cheese, fruits and vegetables. Do not forget about vitamin and mineral supplements.
A dog needs a good owner
It is often said that a Labrador is a dog for everyone. Or rather, that for everyone who becomes its good owner.
This is a person who can give her a lot of attention. Who knows that this breed needs a lot of space because of its special tail. Which will be happy to walk, so that the Labrador gives out the output of energy and cheerfulness. Who will have a feeling of closeness with the dog and during games, and in moments of training.
Whom to choose
Many people think that bitch is guarantee of calm and friendliness. It's true. But there is still some stubbornness. And most importantly - estrus, which occurs twice a year. At this time, the owners need to be vigilant, to protect her from males. And some buyers believe that a bitch with an exhibition potential is a sure investment.
A dog in the future will be big and strong dog, mobile and requiring attention. There is an opinion that males are more devoted to their owners than bitches and get along better with other pets.
It is necessary to choose and remember that buying a puppy will oblige the owners of 10-15 years to take care of the pet.
Where can one buy
Of course, the most reliable way is to buy a healthy purebred puppy from an experienced breeder in the nursery of Labrador retrievers. It is best to look after a puppy whose age 6-8 weeks.
In the nursery, they will select the right baby and give recommendations on how to properly care for and maintain their health. In addition, there is an opportunity to see the puppy's parents and get all the necessary documents.
The main points when choosing
- A puppy should not be angry or timid,
- He must manifest signs of friendliness,
- He must be densebut not fat
- On the skin should not be any damage, as well as fleas,
- The puppy should be good appetite.
Should I buy an adult Labrador
If the family decided to take an adult Labrador into the house, you must first weigh some circumstances:
- did the new owners have to deal with similar breeds of dogs,
- watch the dog in the familiar surroundings
- find out if the Labrador had contact with children and pets,
- does she have bad habits (you may have to wean the toilet at home),
- see how the dog behaves on the street, how it is controlled.
How to prepare a house for the appearance of a puppy
- a place to sleep and a mattress,
- feeding area
- stock of special feed
- collar leash
- first aid kit.
It is important to immediately train the puppy to go to the toilet, and not to allow him to do things anywhere.
The price of puppies is influenced by three important factors:
- Tribal value (i.e. the pedigree of the parents),
- High-quality cultivation (conditions, food, vaccines)
- Exterior puppy.
From these components and the price is composed, respectively - 20,000 - 60,000 rubles.
The Labrador Retriever, which can only be blamed for minor flaws such as excessive loving, is an intelligent and useful dog. Like husky, Labrador is a true friend and reliable helper for adults and children. He learns to enjoy life, to be a part of nature. And at the same time, he is able to study hard in order to understand all the requirements of a person.
Doberman - a characteristic of the breed and its features
Fashion for dogs changes frequently. But there are rocks that are not influenced by fashion. There are many reasons for this - the indispensability of any qualities, an outstanding mind, excellent adaptability, an interesting appearance or something else. It is precisely such that the Doberman breed is always in demand.
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An excellent friend, before this breed was very rare in our country, they could be seen only in American films. Now there is no problem to get such a puppy. Very loyal and affectionate dog, loves children very much. And at the same time, a good defender, always stand up for the owner.
And I specifically sought out such a dog, because it was necessary for two dogs to be combined in one dog, necessary for my family - my husband likes exceptionally big dogs, and I need her to love children. We used to have an Asian Shepherd, but she, although a super guard, sometimes behaved inadequately towards children.
Labrador is not a smart breed of sabaki if you took it for the sake of children you had to take sabak husky is a smart breed of sabak and also loves children very much and protects them
Well, Julia, my Labrador correctly writes the word "dog" and "work", and puts punctuation marks where necessary, so you can consider the breed smart enough.
But just as a sabak husky may not work for you if you are long on the robot and cannot play with it, it can die of boredom, it’s not just a dog like a mongrel, and you can’t give a slatty fatty it can harm the dog
Lyubomir, and you just Labrador? I have never seen that dogs of this breed were defenders ... Even in the standard, they have any aggression, especially to a man, considered a vice! This is a wonderful dog - a companion for the whole family, but not as a guard.
she must protect, though not a guard, just any dogs will intercede for the owner
Labrador does not protect and does not protect the owner
We apparently with a vice, constantly bites, throws at the child, growls. When you scold her snaps. I don’t even know how to make contact, let's go to the handlers when the vaccinations are done. We are 2 months.
Regarding the protection: the lab does not throw at a stranger and does not bark at it. But he will not let him go to the owner either, until he sees that the owner calmly reacts to a stranger. Constantly relaxing with our on the lakes with overnight stays - very securely guards. And about aggression - this is not a vice. He is still small, trying to put himself in a “flock” in a higher place. It is necessary to “press” him, sometimes in the literal sense: as soon as he starts to growl, he must grasp his withers, bend down to the floor and hold on until he relaxes and does not recognize your strength. We did this at 6-7 months.
😀 very good dog acquired
We want to purchase as a security guard, but we have a big cottage and it will not live on a leash or in a kennel, but at home.
Labrador is not a guard. It is so kind and friendly dog that it will also show thieves where what lies
An excellent dog. I dreamed about Labrador since childhood. To our already 3 years 11 months. Some owners write that a good guard. I would not say that. Our Andy barks only when the doorbell rings. And he rushes to the door first, wagging his mighty I trained all teams from 2-3 times. But if not in the mood, even burst, the team refuses to execute. Apparently this feature of our pet. Before the children and his favorite guests (he has his favorite) just melts. Good so much that this kindness sometimes costs him sideways. Being still young, more than once was Kusan aggressive owners mongrels - "dummies". Yes, and now climbs to all to meet and play. In general, intelligent, kind, easily trained dog. There are, of course, their drawbacks (and do we not have them?). Everything will depend only from you yourself. Do not regret it even once.
A Labrador bought from a breeder with documents will never be aggressive, bark without a reason, and even more so to be a guard! These are dogs for children! If you still decide to buy a puppy, then take your time and buy a dog with documents and a stigma. Then you get a clean breed and all that is described in this article will be about your dog. Because in order to breed puppies, you must first go to the exhibition and get a grade not lower than “very good” for a dog and a bitch, only then the club allows you to breed puppies and gives them documents. This is done in order to avoid marriage of the breed.
And of course they need to deal with! My dog does not bark at all, the most difficult team was a “voice”, and the rest of the team took 15 minutes to train, at a technical age
Let me disagree with the fact that the "pure breed" will not bark at people or dogs - everything always depends on upbringing, I met a woman whose labrador strangled 10 mongrels according to her, to the question HOW IS THAT? That's the same Labrador - answered that Since childhood, my husband has been constantly persecuting him on yard dogs! you will be poisoning people - he will throw himself at a person! If you hit him, he will snap back and show aggression towards people! For example, one more fact - a 1-1.5 year old bitch was brought to a friend of a friend, because the former owner didn’t have time for her at all, the dog grew almost alone, and nobody was engaged in raising her, and maybe they beat her - she threw herself at people, had to keep her in the aviary while adapting to people. By the way, this Labladorsha was the granddaughter of the very Labradoshi Putin. Withdrawal - since childhood, Labrador needs love and affection and attention!
Where the dog should live in the winter. Can live in the valley on the street?
my friend lives a black labrador. The godmother has two white labradors. She died. Jessie was her name. She lived for 11 years (for a dog), but she still lives with her, Jessie, her name is Nick, she is 5, she breeds labrikov puppies. Now Labradors are very popular though used to be very rare. They are very cool dogs.
Good day! Tell me, please, our Labrador is already 5 years old, before he lived with us in the house, at the moment we have fenced the territory and he lives with us in the street in free swimming - without a leash. I plan to put an indoor aviary and there is a booth in it, I plan to close the aviary only during the arrival of the guests (not everyone perceives its loving nature). I am interested in the question, is a dog normally able to endure winter in such conditions? Can you advise what you need to provide when setting up an aviary and booths. Thanks in advance for your answers.
It is a pity that I probably read your question too late! Labradors are prone to catarrhal diseases; a dog cannot be left in the cold for longer than a walk. Labrador wool does not heat, especially on the stomach and paws!
ZЯ iZ NOVOSIBIRSK. FROST WITH US HIMSELF. HOWEVER IN A WARMED DOG BOOT ARE NOT A GRESMANNER HEATED? BOOK MAKE DISASSEMBLY AND THE WALL AND FLOOR OVERLAYED WITH AN INSERT WITH A FOAMED POLYSTYRENE. FOR EXAMPLE AMATEURS IN THE MOST STRONG FROST FROM THE DOGS (I HAVE TWO) FROM THE FOOT WAS PAIRED AS A BATH. CUTS ON BUTTONS DOSK WAS BONDED PACKLE (YOU CAN BE JUST FIXED WITH MOUNTING FOAM. AT THE FLOOR THROUGH THE CROWN OF THE DRY HALF-PATIENT (WILL REJECT THE FLEA). THE SUCCESS AND THE HANDBAG.
You are GREAT WELLBEEDS. In your descriptions of the rocks, everything is very nice and is selected in maximum detail. Umnichki. Keep it up! All the best to you! THANK YOU VERY MUCH. Thanks to you, we finally decided on a sportage. Sincerely, Catherine.
I want to start a Labrador I live in a three-room apartment with my mother and sister, they are against the dog. I want to keep him on the loggia, the glazed insulated loggia, but it's still cold in the winter. Tell me please, the dog will take root in such conditions.
And you close on the loggia and keep, as you like? They need communication and care.
You yourself need to hold a week on the loggia !! Get accustomed to such conditions.
The dog must start thoughtfully! If the rest of the family members are against it, it is better to wait for some time, or to start when you yourself have a separate dwelling! This is a dog. And not a toy! They all feel and understand! And the negative attitude of the rest of your family members can just break the psyche of the animal!
It is better not to, it will be very inconvenient, both to you and the dog, and she will be bored, and the labrik, in my opinion, is not an apartment dog at all, but they are also big pigs, they turn the trash bin around the house, then from boredom slippers they will eat, and even terrible gluttons and thieves, only put the buter on the table, turned around, there is no buter, and beside such an innocent look, some kind of mystic, although this is my opinion. when I took a puppy I lived in a treshka, so the puppy was fine, and when we grew up we moved into the house, so this is heaven and earth! A doggie expanse, household things do not spoil, garden truth can.
This is a wonderful breed, in our family a fawn male is 4 years old. For about a year, a shkodil was nibbling on shoes and furniture handles. Then he matured and removed like a hand. No problem. Smart, kind, loyal. Only they need to be educated anyway. They are helpers , strive for something on the street to pick up. Cool dog
Andrew, the same story! Also Shkodil up to a year, gnawed everything, then matured.
Intelligent, friendly, kind, my little (2 years) daughter has been torn away for the second year, pulls up his ears, hugs, teeth, thinks he eats apples for two, sits astride while he is lying around. We live in the foothills of the Caucasus, next to the river, he is our eternal wanderer on hikes, near the river he constantly bathes, he loves very much, especially to shake off the water on us)
At first they lived without a fence, he didn’t run anywhere, it was his territory. Then he began to grow up and run farther. Well we have no neighbors within 500 meters. But then he began to travel further, his area expanded, ran for the whole night, came smelly, smeared in some kind of fell, climbed the trash. I had to make him a pen of 20 acres. But this territory was not enough for him and he began to jump over the fence. (
Now here at night he sits on a chain, during the day under our strict supervision.
The teams were trained, but the team “To me” performed extremely reluctantly, especially in tall grass slyly lost and ran to travel. Then they ordered an electric collar on Ali. Miracle purchase. It has three modes, sound, vibration and electric current. After a couple of electric shocks, he realized that we had a miracle-power, and the desire to move away from us unauthorized has calmed down ..
By the way, I tried electric shocks on myself (the current strength is regulated there) on the strongest one is sick, like the bites of horseflies from the river, the same sensations. Now it is enough to send a vibration signal and the dogs rush towards me in full sail. Loves to play, run, jump. Cats sit on it in winter, warm themselves, and chickens too. Still, large dogs need expanse. Wonderful dog.
Need to know what your friend will be.
Amateur dog breeders believe that the pet in the family does not have to meet exact standards, and so it will be loved by all pets. However, to know the main characteristics of the breed Labrador Retriever will not be superfluous.
- height: male - 57-62 cm, female - 50-55 cm,
- Weight: male - 30-36 kg, female - 25-32 kg,
- addition: harmonious,
- color: fawn, black, chocolate (liver),
- Activity: may not be tired for a long time, even in bad weather
- working qualities: delicate scent, developed muscles,
- character: balanced, pronounced desire to be useful to man, loves to swim and splash in water,
- obedience: thanks to the love of the owner, always ready to execute any command,
- attitude to children: friendly, with joy comes into play with children,
- отношение к посторонним: легко идет на контакт с незнакомым человеком, проявляет доброжелательность,
- продолжительность жизни: 12-13 лет.
А может, это собака викингов?
Однако есть теория, будто на северный остров черные собаки прибыли из Европы. И опять некоторые исследователи не согласны. Some believe that four-legged Viking and Basque friends are involved. So this trail leads to times before our era.
Studying the documents, we can conclude about the development of two directions: a large long-haired Newfoundling dog and a small one with a hard, short coat that can repel water. As a result, there was a branching into various types.
Has the right to exist and the assumption that the smaller dogs are descended from the large.
As for the name of the breed, then there is no consensus. Labrador is a natural black mineral. The word labrador from Portuguese translates as "worker", and it is well suited to working animals. And, finally, a peninsula with the same name is located very close.
From England to Russia
Breeding breeding of the breed began when in 1830 the representatives of these animals entered the UK. It is here by crossing them with a curly-haired retriever, and presumably with some other hunting breeds, about forty years later the first Labrador retrievers appeared - strong and patient. Their main job was to feed the prey to the hunter.
Professional breeders of Great Britain recognized Labrador Retrievers as a separate breed only in 1903, and Novy Svet - in 1917.
The first Labrador retrievers came to Russia from India in the second half of the 20th century. Only some prominent Soviet figures could afford such an acquisition, but gradually, thanks to new deliveries from the UK, they began to spread among the residents of Moscow and further across the country.
With soft mouth and otter tail
Modern Labrador Retriever is a rather large dog of athletic build, which has elastic muscles and therefore looks very harmonious. Correct body proportions give him the opportunity to not only actively, but also beautifully move.
Labradors should be divided into two lines. The first group includes those who are oriented to hunting. The second is considered a show line. Accordingly, the former have a kind of lightweight bone structure and will be much more mobile, while the latter, on the contrary, are somewhat massive. However, representatives of both lines retain grace, tolerance in character and unlimited trust in a person.
As for wool, it is the same for both lines - dense, short and able to repel water. It is the latter property that allows animals to work in very cold climatic conditions.
Finally, the tail. He Labrador very special, similar to the tail of the famous swimmer - otter, that is, very thick at the base and narrow at the end. Such a structure helps to “steer” in the water during turns.
The breed of dogs Labrador also has a special grip. “Soft mouth”, if desired, and appropriate training allows it to carry even a raw egg in its mouth without breaking it. So you can be sure: when you give a game a game during a hunt, it will never hurt it with its teeth.
Yellow is not a marriage
Experts, assessing the exterior, temper, ability to work, set the first breed standard. These were only black suit Labradors. It took more than ten years for yellow colored dogs to appear. A future breeder of pale-yellow labradors was born to a breeder from Great Britain by the name Radcliffe from parents with black hair.
The appearance of such color was perceived by dog owners ambiguously, the problem was solved only with the introduction of a new standard. And before that, there were often cases when puppies of this suit were simply killed, as they were considered marriage.
The chocolate (liver) color began to take place even later and was also officially approved only after the introduction of the corresponding breed standard.
In the modern world there is an almost equal number of black and pale yellow labradors. The latter includes all shades of yellow - from light to dark red. If there is a white spot on the chest of a Labrador, this is not considered a fault.
Do without shampoo!
As for wool, the representatives of the breed Labrador Retriever, it is short, thick and tight to the skin. In addition, it does not have waves and tows, but it feels tough enough to the touch. The dense undercoat has waterproof properties.
Due to the ability of the undercoat to repel moisture, Labradors can swim for a long time in cold water and not freeze. This feature also allows them to work on the ground for a long time in any bad weather.
By the way, when caring for a Labrador, it is not at all necessary to bathe it with shampoo. To keep the wool in good condition, bathing in clean water and regular brushing are sufficient.
In the hunt, there is no equal
Labrador likes to move a lot, run, dive. It swims at a speed of about five kilometers per hour. When running at a speed of up to twenty kilometers per hour.
He has all the qualities necessary for hunting. He is obedient and easy to train. He is considered one of the best gun dogs. In the hunt for ducks, he has no equal. Thin scent, quiet and unhurried search, lack of fear of water allow you to find game even in the most inaccessible places.
This description of the Labrador Retriever breed deserves the attention of those lovers who do not set themselves the goal of acquiring a dog to protect their own home, since these true friends of a person are almost completely free from any aggression. They can only barking to warn the owner about the approach of a stranger.
Guarding service contradicts his essence, because he was never grown to bite someone. Thanks to these qualities, the Labrador Retriever is by nature a real family dog - a companion who will always be happy to play with the children and try to fulfill every wish of his master.
I am ready to work hard
In Russia, the Labrador Retriever breed, thanks to its friendliness, stable psyche and high intelligence, is rapidly gaining increasing popularity, including in large cities.
By the nature of this dog affectionate, mischievous, active, playful. Labrador can live anywhere: in the apartment, and on the street, as well tolerated cold. He is firmly attached to his master and his family, ready to accompany the household everywhere.
But it happens that by the decision of the owner the dog suddenly becomes a room dog. And here you still should not forget for what purpose it was withdrawn. His blood is a desire to look for something, to bring something, to help someone, and the water acts so attractively that he cannot pass by any puddle indifferently. So without his favorite work his life would be inadequate.
Labrador retriever dogs are ideal travel partners. He is particularly pleased with long walks, hikes and travels, where he can run free to his own pleasure. During such exits not only acquaintance with the outside world takes place, but also his attachment to his “pack”, that is, to the host family, is strengthened.
Labrador is a modern dog, so it calmly applies to motorcycle and automotive equipment. If you like to ride a bike, then you can easily accustom your pet to accompany you in bike races.
And if you prefer traveling by car, then you should know: he is an avid car enthusiast, with the right upbringing and timely training, such trips will not bring anyone any trouble, the dog will obediently sit and look out the window.
Of course, the owner chooses the profession of a dog, but in any case he must take into account the pedigree features of his pet. As for the Labrador Retriever, he may well become a professional athlete, and in different sports.
For example, parkour agility - is to overcome the obstacle in a certain time. Obstacles may include a balance beam, a pipe-tunnel, an escarpment of two inclined walls, car tires buried in the ground. This kind of competition among dogs also came to Russia from England and is now gaining popularity more and more.
All-around also takes place, which includes several disciplines: slalom, hurdling, hurdling and cross-country distance of 5000 meters.
However, in dog competitions there is one “but”, - the owner himself takes part in them on equal terms, who must also be in excellent sports form.
Profession - rescuer
Very often, dogs of this breed are used as rescuers. Here their scent, ingenuity and average body size are simply irreplaceable. This profession has several different directions: search for missing people on a flat surface, under the rubble or at night.
Many sniffer dogs, equipped with special devices, work completely independently in searching for victims in the rubble after earthquakes, gas explosions, dam breaks. This work is very dangerous and requires maximum concentration, courage and attention from the dog.
Labradors also cope with searches of drowned people, as they can locate a person under water, are able to work by swimming or from a boat.
The guides of the blind and sled dogs
Labradors are indispensable for special services. Due to the subtle scent, calm behavior when a crowd of people, strong nerves can easily pull them to search for drugs or explosives.
There are a number of professions that are very suitable Labrador Retriever, always ready to help a man.
First, it is the guide of the blind. Here his peace-loving disposition, friendliness and disposition towards people are just the way.
Secondly, dogs are helpers for people with impaired locomotor functions. Here, Labradors help pull a wheelchair in the harness.
Thirdly, there are guide dogs for the deaf who, having heard, for example, a bell at the front door or the wailing of an awakened baby, let the owner know about it with a touch.
Characteristics of the breed in this article are only basic data characteristic of all Labradors, but no doubt that each dog has its own individual character and abilities.
So, you got acquainted with the breed of dogs Labrador Retriever. If this article was helpful, leave a comment in which you can share your own experiences and observations of these real friends of a person.