Cat owners have already become accustomed to determine the health / ill health of their beloved moustached pet as its nose mirror. This is partly true. But not always dry cat nose is an indicator of poor health. When to start to sound the alarm, and when it is enough just to wait some time, and everything will be back wet and cold without any other interventions? Why does a cat have a dry nose?
When dry nose should alert
If the nasal mirror has dried up, and this symptom is accompanied by other manifestations, then you need to pay special attention to these symptom complexes. A cat's hot nose should be alerted if this fact is noted for a long time (for example, it is constantly dry throughout the day).
The following accompanying symptoms should attract attention:
- the cat / cat is lethargic, apathetic, practical, they do not eat anything, do not want to play,
- thirst can be observed (due to dehydration, a secret that makes the nose wet is no longer produced)
- sleep a lot and long (it seems that the animal is sleeping around the clock),
- together with the cat's hot nose, perceptibly hot ears (usually a sign of fever),
- rapid shallow breathing (normal - from 16 (18) to 33 respiratory movements per minute) or accelerated heartbeat (pulse is normal 100-120 beats / min in adults, up to 140 beats / min in kittens),
- on the contrary, slow and deep breathing,
- discharge from the nose of any manifestation and sneezing,
- any changes in color (blue, yellowish, intense red, or white, almost discolored).
If a warm and dry nose is accompanied by the following signs, then this is an excuse for compulsory visits to the vet (especially if the signs are pronounced):
- there are changes in the frequency of toilet visits, and it doesn’t matter whether there is an increase in or, on the contrary, a decrease (on average 1-2 (3) times a day, defecation, 2-3 times urination),
- a change in the condition of the feces - usually in the direction of diarrhea (especially if with bloody impurities),
- nausea (the cat starts to lick often, often, because at the moment of nausea salivation increases) or there are obvious emetic urges,
- the discharge of the nostrils is opaque, with an unpleasant odor,
- body temperature rose to 40C.
Why is the nose dry and hot?
If the physiological causes of drying and warming of the nose are discarded and the time period during which this fact is observed begins to alarm, the cat is definitely sick. The exact cause and diagnosis can only be made by a veterinary specialist after an on-site inspection and delivery of the necessary tests to the animals (if necessary).
Possible causes of dry and hot nose:
- internal infections (viral or bacterial),
- inflammatory process of any localization,
- wool in the stomach or intestines,
- dehydration due to diseases or adverse conditions that contain the cat / cat,
- urolithiasis and any pathology of the kidneys,
- cat colds
- nose injuries
- poisoning or digestive disorders.
How to help your pet?
What if a cat has a dry nose? Of all the possible reasons for which the organ of smell is hot and dry, owners of baleen pets can only try to normalize the temperature of the body, because with this symptom, it is most often elevated. It is better not to engage in self-diagnosis and self-treatment, since There are many different reasons for this condition; it is almost impossible for a non-expert to determine the exact cause! Temperature measurement is the first and most important thing that a pet owner should do when detecting a long warm and dry nose.
A fever in cats (up to 40 ° C) is strongly not recommended to churn medications. The three main points of decreasing the body temperature without medication: drink a cat with cool (not cold!) Water, wet the fur and apply something cold in the groin and underarms. Any other help should already be provided by a veterinarian after establishing an accurate diagnosis.
hot and very wet
When the transition from dry to wet and cold, the nose first becomes wet and then cools. If such a state does not last long, then everything goes as it should - the owners just got at the time when he still had time to cool down. But if the condition is long and the nose remains hot, but wet - you need to measure the temperature of the body, it may have increased.
the cat does not eat and the nose is dry
Also a clear sign of an animal's ill health. Causes range from poisoning to serious infections. Better understand the cause will help vetspecialist.
There are many reasons for the nose mirror to warm and dry. Not all of them are associated with any diseases. If with such a symptom the cat feels great, and nothing in its behavior of the owner is alarming, it makes sense to just wait for some time when the nose itself becomes wet and cold. However, any of the accompanying signs of deviation in health status is an unequivocal reason to visit a veterinarian!
What should be a cat's nose?
The cat's nose has two nasal passages, which are separated by cartilage. They lead to a maze of lattice shells, in which an animal can hold aromas for a long time, dividing them into components. This helps them to identify objects by smell, to find them, to identify the danger. The scent of cats is many times better than that of humans.
In addition to the direct function, the spout helps them to warm the air, clean it from small trash can, bacteria, determine the temperature of surrounding objects..
Normally, the cats nose is warm or cool and wet. But these pets are very susceptible to various changes and events, and, therefore, even their body temperature can change during one day. If the cat has a dry and warm nose, this does not mean that he is sick. There are a variety of reasons why this may occur.
Causes of hot nose
The body temperature of a healthy cat ranges from 37 to 39 degrees (depending on the breed). During the day, it may slightly increase and decrease. If you find that your pet has a hot nose, this is not necessarily a cause for concern. After 1-2 hours, touch it again, and if it is no longer hot, but has become cool (or just warm), then you should not worry. Usually such temporary changes are caused by the fact that the cat:
- asleep or recently woke up
- was active, ran, played,
- leads a sedentary lifestyle and overeat,
- located in a room with low humidity,
- located near heating devices
- suffered significant stress.
If the temperature of the animal does not drop for several hours or even a whole day, and the nose is still hot and dry, this should be a concern. This signals that pathological processes occur in his body, which may have different degrees of severity.
A cat's hot and dry nose (against the background of a general increase in body temperature) may be due to:
- recent childbirth,
- infectious diseases
- viral diseases
- ear mite,
- diseases of the gums and teeth.
In addition to all of the above, the cause of a hot nose in a cat may be other factors. In the body of the pet can occur biological processes that are not visible externally. Also, if an animal has recently undergone treatment or medical manipulations, its thermoregulation may be impaired.
The nose may be hot:
- due to medications - some medications can cause the excitation of brain cents, which are responsible for thermoregulation,
- due to the accumulation of salts - the accumulation of salts in the body can lead to an active breakdown of proteins and an increase in temperature,
- due to protein metabolism processes, when protein decomposition is actively taking place in the body for various reasons, the products of such a breakdown cause an increase in temperature.
Anxiety should arise if the cat does not eat and has a hot nose all day long regardless of the surrounding conditions. In this case, it is worth watching the animals and determine if there are other symptoms that may cause anxiety.
A cat's hot and wet nose is not a symptom in and of itself. If you monitor its temperature during the day, you can notice significant fluctuations in its condition. This does not mean that the cat is sick and needs medical attention.
Anxiety should arise if changes occur in the pet's behavior. In this case, you must carefully consider the state of the animal and note any deviations from the normal state. They will help to further identify why the cat has a very hot nose.
Signs That Can Talk About Illness:
- lack of activity
- lack of appetite,
- refusal to drink
- nasal discharge
- red eyes,
- aggressive behavior,
- the desire to hide
- refusal of contact and games.
Before contacting the veterinarian, you need to eliminate the factors of stress, heat or cold, the presence of allergens, which can also lead to such behavioral reactions in a cat or kitten.
When self-examination of the pet should also touch his ear. If it is also hot, then this may indicate a general increase in body temperature.
If a cat snot out of his nose and he is hot, then you need to contact a veterinarian. Most likely the pet has rhinitis or sinusitis.
How to help the cat
In healthy cats, body temperature is always higher than that of a person by 1-2 degrees. Therefore, it is often difficult for owners to determine if the temperature is high or not just by touching their nose. If during the day there are suspicions that the nose is really hot and your pet is not in order, you should consult your veterinarian.
However, in order not to expose the animal to excessive stress due to a meeting with the doctor, you can measure the temperature of the cat yourself. This way, you can quickly find out if there is a reason for serious concern and what to do next.
The body temperature of animals is measured rectally through the anus. This procedure is unpleasant enough not only for pets, but also for owners. You need to be ready for resistance and aggression from the animal. It is desirable that 2 people participate in the process. The cat must be firmly fixed (it must stand or lie on its knees) and insert a thermometer into the anus.
You can pretreat the thermometer with petroleum jelly or oil. Movement should be slow, smooth, screwing. It is recommended to use plastic (more durable), and even better electronic thermometers (show the result more quickly). After the procedure, the thermometer must be wiped and sanitized.
There are also infrared thermometers for measuring temperature in the ears. But they are expensive and may not give accurate results.
Normal feline temperatures range from 37 to 39. If the cat has a temperature above 39 degrees and there are symptoms of indisposition, you should seek veterinary care. It is not necessary to prescribe treatment for a pet on your own. Accurately determine the presence or absence of the disease, the diagnosis can only be a qualified specialist. He will also instruct you about treatment and proper care.
There is a popular opinion among people that if a cat has a hot nose and ears, this is the first and sure sign of temperature. In this article we will try to figure out how this statement is true. Also, all owners will be useful to know whether to really worry every time a cat has a hot nose.
Features of thermoregulation
First of all, never forget that, according to nature, the cat's body temperature is usually almost 2 ° higher than that of a human. Sometimes it becomes the reason that the owner feels like the pet's nose is slightly lukewarm, while the cat itself can feel great. You also need to remember that all the mechanisms of thermoregulation in cats work very well. Their temperature on individual parts of the body can vary throughout the day, and this is normal. If the cat has a hot wet nose, and in 30-40 minutes it becomes absolutely normal (warm or cool), this means that there is no reason for excitement. Most likely, the warming of the nose was triggered by non-lethal factors for the cat, which increased the overall temperature. At the same time, thermoregulation mechanisms independently coped with this problem.
Should I worry?
In fact, cats are so vulnerable and tender creatures that many household factors can provoke a short-term rise in temperature or make their nose warm. There can be several answers to the question “why does a cat have a hot nose?”:
- the pet is sleeping or just awake, and after he has warmed up in his sleep, his temperature is slightly increased,
- the cat experienced stress (the appearance of another pet in the house, moving to a new place, someone shouted at it loudly),
- the animal got scared of something (loud noise, barking dogs, vacuum cleaner, etc.),
- the fluffy friend showed too much activity, played, jumped, etc.
The cat has a hot nose: what to do?
First of all, of course, do not panic. If a pet has normal ears, it behaves in the usual way, eats and drinks water, keeps activity and mobility, then it is simply worth watching the animals for the next few hours. Most likely, this symptom will pass by itself.
If the owners have noticed a hot nose in a cat, they should worry and get to the vet as soon as possible in cases where at least one of the following symptoms is added:
- the animal does not drink water for a long time,
- the cat refuses to eat
- avoids the owners, hides, does not want to play, does not go on his hands,
- shows aggression, runs, rushes about the apartment, behaves irritably,
- the animal, on the contrary, becomes apathetic, falls into melancholy,
- there are signs of a cold: sneezing, red eyes,
- fluid flows from the nose, discharge appears.
How to measure the temperature of your pet
It is not necessary to postpone the visit to the doctor in cases where for a long time the cat has a hot nose and at the same time he has a lack of appetite and apathy. But in order to understand whether a hot nose really signals us about the temperature and whether it is worth stressing the cat, taking it to an unnecessary examination at the clinic, the temperature can be measured at home, on its own.
In cats, this is done basally (that is, through the anus). Little cat will take this master idea with enthusiasm, and you need to be prepared for the fact that the animal will resist and will not sit quietly for 5 minutes with a thermometer in the pope. Therefore, it is desirable that the procedure was performed by 2 people, one of whom could keep a fluffy patient well all the time. In this case, it is desirable that the thermometer body be plastic, not glass.
It must be remembered that the body temperature of our tailed friends is several degrees higher than that of humans. So the figures in the region of 38 ° -39 ° for cats are acceptable. But the temperature above 39 ° should be a signal that it is time for the pet to show the vet.
Hot and red ears
One of the symptoms of having real problems with feline health can be at the same time dry and hot nose, as well as red hot, “flaming” ears. Such a condition may indicate an ear tick infection. Also a bad signal is a dry nose, red ears and a peculiar, unpleasant smell from the ear. This may be a sign of simple or already purulent otitis. In this situation, do not waste time. Carry a cat for a visit to the doctor as soon as possible.
Advice to caring owners
Many of us, madly loving our cats, noticing they have a hot nose, immediately run to the computer and begin to search in various forums for tips on what to do. Having read the advice of various "experts-breeders", the owners risk only aggravate the condition of their furry friend. On the Internet, you can read absolutely ridiculous advice, for example: pour a teaspoon of vodka into your cat's mouth, pick grass along the road, add the Aspirin or Paracetamol pill to the food. Such methods, especially with the use of alcohol, can shake the health of even a completely healthy animal.
No matter how great the temptation is to “save” your sick tailing friend, remember that in an animal, just like a human, only a doctor should assign a drug. If a cat has symptoms of a real illness, take money, time and show it to the vet, because the most important thing is not to harm the animal with your care.
The cat's nose is moistened with a secret secreted by the mucous membrane, in addition, the cat itself licks it.
Однако если вы заметили, что у кошки сухой нос, не торопитесь тревожиться — так бывает после активной игры или сильного стресса, если питомец спит или только что проснулся, если он находится в плохо проветриваемом помещении или просто лежит рядом с батареей. Также сухие носы бывают у кошек, которые ведут малоподвижный образ жизни. В течении дня кошачий нос может менять свое состояние с сухого на влажный и обратно несколько раз — и это вполне нормально.
In addition, it should be taken into account that the normal temperature of cats is 2 ° C higher than that of a person, so the cat's nose often feels hot to the touch.
However, it is worth watching the cat more closely, often check its nose. And if you notice that it remains dry for too long, and the cat itself, usually agile and playful, has become apathetic, lethargic and has lost its appetite, it is time to take action. First of all, measure the temperature in the traditional way still at home, because in a veterinary clinic your pet will start to get nervous, and its temperature will “jump” because of this. Cat fever can also be "reported" by reddened ears, which also feel hot to the touch.
The reason for the dryness of the nose in a sick cat may be hiding in an elevated temperature, as well as in dehydration of the body, due to which the secret is not produced in sufficient quantities.
Causes for alarm are cracks, crusts or sores on the cat's nose - this is a sign of skin disease. In this case, the pet definitely needs to be taken to the vet.
A cat's nose can signal ill health not only dryness. If nasal discharge is present, it should be transparent. But the yellow, green, even if the black discharge, foaming or dense, suggests that the cat must be taken for a visit to the doctor.
A nose too cold is also an unkind sign, it can talk about hypothermia, poisoning or shock.
However, it is noteworthy that in some breeds, the nose color varies with the season, and pigmentation on the nose does not speak about diseases, but about old age. Owners should learn about these subtleties from specialists in order not to worry in vain.
So the temperature of the nose - a relative phenomenon and not a very reliable indicator. It is better to evaluate the state of health of a cat by its behavior in general, with alarming "bells" to measure the temperature yourself and, if necessary, bring the pet to the specialists. Well and, of course, to ensure that the cat's nose was clean, not clogged with dirt or secretions.
Nose in a healthy cat
A healthy kitty should have a moist nose, a little cool and slippery. The fact is that the mustache regularly licks it, and in addition to this, the spout is covered with a special secret that creates a protective mucous membrane.
That is why for the cat nose is not only the organ of smell. Thanks to him, she determines the temperature of the object, the direction of the wind, and even, along with the vibrissae, it senses the nose.
Also, the constant moisture of the surface of the nose in cats is necessary to increase its sensitivity, while the dry nose does not cope with the performance of its basic functions, and, cracking, causes some discomfort to the animal.
Fortunately, if a cat's nose is warm and dry, this does not mean that he is sick. A person may feel that a cat has a dry and hot nose, since the cat's body temperature is as much as 2 degrees above the body temperature of a healthy person, and this difference is very noticeable.
After active games with the body, the heat evaporates (this process is well known to athletes — they sweat and warm up during training). Consequently, when the cat has played enough and is in a vigorous state, its nose may seem wet and hot, and after only 10 minutes it may feel wet and cold.
However, such temperature fluctuations are not a signal about the development of diseases. In this case, the cat's nose only conveys the normal, completely natural processes of changes in the body temperature of the animal, depending on its physical activity.
Consider the following causes of dry cat nose:
- If the cat was a lot in the open sun, his nose could easily dry up not only as a result of exposure to its own body temperature, but also the air temperature outside or indoors, as well as dust and wind. When the cat goes into the interior of the room or in the shade, everything is normalized. Also, the nose can be dry from the fact that the cat was lying at the warm battery or is in a room with very dry air. If central heating batteries are capable of draining the skin of people, what can we say about the hypersensitive cat nose.
- When it is too cold indoors or outdoors, then cats usually do not lick their nose, so it becomes dry and cold. In this case, there is no reason for concern - this is normal. After the animal goes into a warm, dry place, it will lick again, thus moisturizing the nose.
- After a favorite pet just woke up, its nose will almost always be warm and dry. And this is understandable - in a dream the cat does not lick, and therefore its olfactory organ remains undisturbed. Already after a short period of time, the cat's nose, as before, will be cool and wet.
When do you need vet help?
How can you determine that something is wrong with your beloved kitten or cat? Here you can not do without zeal and observation. Be careful, watch the cat throughout the day, checking his nose for temperature and humidity.
If the behavior of the pet is not the same as usual - the animal does not play, eats badly or completely refuses the favorite delicacy - this is a dangerous signal, so it’s best to go to the veterinarian without delay.
Having discovered the following symptoms in a cat, it is imperative that you contact your veterinarian to determine the true cause of the pet's discomfort:
- apathy, lethargy,
- pale and cold nose
- dry and hot spout
- discoloration of the olfactory organ (blue, red, yellowish, white).
However, remember that dry nose itself is not necessarily a bad thing. As a rule, if the cat is vigorous and playful, the dryness of the nose may be due to minor deviations in the body's work, such as: overeating or, on the contrary, malnutrition, if the stomach is clogged, with a slight cold (if the cat sneezes).
Therefore, do not worry much - such minor ailments pass quickly - in about a day, and sometimes even in a few hours.
If the owner observes the following symptoms along with the cat's hot dry nose, he should immediately consult a doctor:
- prolonged vomiting
- difficulty urinating,
- blood in the stool or urine,
- increase in body temperature by more than 2 degrees,
- loss of consciousness,
- copious salivation or separation of foam from the mouth,
- unnatural long sleep
- discharge from the genital loop (not the heat in females), eyes, anus,
- scream for no apparent reason
- stallion or hair loss,
- wobbly walk,
- rashes on the skin,
- hoarse or difficulty breathing,
It is useful for every cat owner to know that a cold and pale nose in a pet is a symptom:
- chronic disease
- low body temperature
- total lack of appetite
A warm and white nose indicates a violation of the circulatory system of the kitty.
Cat's hot and blue nose says about:
- inflammation of the respiratory organs
- heart failure
- oxygen starvation,
Hot and red pet nose is a symptom:
- infectious disease
- mechanical damage
Dry kitten nose
Noticing that your kitten has a dry, hot nose and warm ears, you can easily start worrying. But such symptoms do not always mean that the pet is sick.
The fact is that the kittens still undergo a process of normalization of heat transfer, therefore their body temperature is higher than that of an adult cat. In other words, the work of the body of a kitten is configured to protect it from the effects of cold, and therefore, to prevent hypothermia.
Very small kittens can have a dry nose, as they have not yet learned to lick, and the body still does not release the necessary moisturizing secret.
Help your beloved pet
If you touch the nose of your cat and feel that it is dry and hot, touch the ears - and they are also hot, then we can surely say that your pet has a high body temperature.
Interesting: in cats, the normal temperature is 38-39 degrees, and in golosherstnyh rocks the norm is higher - 39-40 degrees. In pregnant cats and kittens, the norm also moves up to half a degree.
Increasing the cat's body temperature by one degree is not critical, but a higher temperature requires an urgent visit to a veterinary specialist.
The temperature of cats, like other animals, is measured rectally. To do this, enter a thermometer into the anus to a depth of one centimeter, holding it for about one minute.
If you decide to measure the temperature of the cat in this way, you can use the usual thermometer, but you need to be extremely careful and careful, as the pet is unlikely to enjoy the procedure and it will break out.
Therefore, hold it tight and do not forget that the thermometer is glass. It is better to carry out this procedure together, when one holds the animal and the other measures the temperature.
Important: In no case do not beat down the temperature of a cat with aspirin, paracetamol, nimesulide, and similar preparations from a human first aid kit, as this is fraught with serious consequences, including death.
If the temperature of the animal is too high, he must be helped, which may be as follows:
- There should always be cool clear water near the cat.
- Periodically moisten the animal's hair with a spray bottle or a wet towel.
- Put an ice pack under the pet's neck and on the inside of the hips.
So, in itself, dryness or high temperature of the cat's nose is not a sign of the development of any disease. Only a whole complex of symptoms can speak about the pet's discomfort, of which a dry nose is the last one in importance.