The German Shepherd is generally considered the most popular breed in the world. Many people dreamed about such a dog, and when it comes to service dogs, an image of a border guard with a faithful and courageous companion, a German shepherd dog of German blood, immediately rises before his eyes. The prevalence of these dogs is not affected by global cataclysms, or time, and to this day, the representatives of this breed are an example of loyalty, courage and real courage.
The origin of the breed
German Shepherd - the most famous and oldest breed. According to popular belief, their ancestors are northern wolves, but researchers do not reject the participation of Indian predators. As a separate breed, the “Germans” appeared only at the end of the 19th century. They immediately established themselves as the best service-searching dogs, excellent livestock guards. Therefore, they have been successfully used both in the service and in the farms.
Max Emil von Stephanitz made a great contribution to breeding. It was he who fired up to get a dog that could become the national symbol of Germany. Max took the shepherd dogs from the central and southern regions of the state as a basis. The work was painstaking, and it was only after several decades of numerous crossbreeds that a dog appeared that responded to all the requests of von Stephanitz.
The first in the genealogical book of this breed was a German shepherd named Greif. The dog had the best performance in livestock grazing competitions, and besides, it was the most responsive to the commands of a person. However, its appearance, or rather the dirty white untidy coat, did not fit the dog, which is a symbol of the nation. It required an animal with a more aristocratic appearance.
Therefore, the date of the appearance of the first, truly German shepherd, the researcher himself designated April 1889. It was at that time that he drew attention to a dog with a complex nickname, Horand von Grafat, who had a size and appearance similar to a wolf. He was distinguished by good quality characteristics, although not without gaps in his upbringing.
The dog was declared the same year the winner of the exhibition in Germany, and Von Stephanitz founded the club of this breed, of which he became president. Later, Khorand became the progenitor of the breed, and as a result of selection work with a male dog, his descendants who were crossed with females with a similar set of genes, several lines of German shepherd dogs with pronounced pedigree qualities appeared.
At that time, Arthur Meier joined the selection activities of Von Stephanitz, and by joint efforts they create a stud book, which included important data on the breeding of German Shepherd Dogs. They also made the breed standard. The breed was gaining popularity and a new problem appeared - for the sake of a quantitative indicator, not all breeders properly focused on the cleanliness of the representatives of the breed.
World wars had a different impact on the development of the breed. During the First World War, the excellent working qualities of these dogs were identified and rightfully appreciated, and they perfectly performed their functions on both sides of the front. But the Second World War almost brought down all the works of Von Stephanitz to nothing, and the breed almost disappeared from the face of the earth. This phenomenon is attributed to the fact that, being Nazis, many members of the breed club did not allow its founder to lead the organization to the world level.
As a result, Von Stephanitz died after spending the rest of his life in endless persecution, experiencing disappointment in the activities to which he devoted almost all his life. And after the war, only a few purebred pedigree "Germans" remained. But the founder of the German Shepherd dogs left followers who did not allow the breed to fade. However, the division of Germany into the Federal Republic of Germany and the GDR led to the appearance of two breed lines with some differences.
Today, the German Shepherd Dog can be called a universal breed, as it is used in detective work, at various services, it shows itself perfectly on guard and at the border. This dog gets along well with children and it turns out a sensitive guide for blind people. The data of official studies confirm that German Shepherds are among the three most intelligent dogs. Until now, in the breeding of breeds all over the world, the standards set by Emil von Stephanie apply. All of the above confirms that the work of this researcher was not in vain, and thanks to him, all over the world one can meet these smartest and most beautiful dogs.
Description of breed German shepherd
If we talk about the general impression, the thoroughbred representative has an average height with a slightly stretched body and dry bones. The dogs are powerful and have a developed muscular corset. According to standard data, the weight of males varies between 30-40 kg, height - 60-66 cm. Females are somewhat smaller and weigh about 22-32 kg with growth of about 55-60 cm.
German Shepherd Dog Breed: photo
The standard provides breed characteristics as follows:
- Head a wedge-shaped form with a slightly prominent forehead that has no grooves, is devoid of coarseness and excessive lightness, with an average width in the area between the ears. When viewed from above, you can see a uniform, smooth narrowing of the skull from the ear to the nose. Black color
- Both jaws dogs are powerful, well developed. Bite dog like "scissors". Muzzle with dry lips that fit snugly and a straight back of the nose.
- Eyes small, almond-shaped, slightly slanted and devoid of bulge. The darker the iris, the better. Light eye color affects the expression of the animal's muzzle.
- Ears have an average size and standing vertical form. They have the same direction, sharp ends, but fractures or hanging ears are undesirable.
- Neck the Germans are quite strong and strong, with developed muscles and have no suspension in the neck. Similar characteristics and has the back of the animal. The croup differs in length, slightly subsiding, smoothly passing to the beginning of the tail.
- Thoracic torso The dog is characterized by a moderate latitude, with a long and pronounced sternum. Special requirements are imposed on the ribs; they should not be either barrel-shaped or flattened.
- Tail long and ends at the level of the hock joints. The lower part is covered with a longer coat. The position of the tail in a calm state is soft, hanging down, curved, when moving it is somewhat elevated, but only slightly.
- Front limbs are located straight and parallel. Thanks to the developed muscles, the scapular and humeral area closely adheres to the body.
- Paws round shape, tightly assembled, with stiff, but devoid of brittleness pillows, with dark-colored claws. If an animal has a proportional body, then its movements, respectively, are light and sweeping.
German Shepherd Colors
Skin with a light fit, not forming folds. The coat is dense, straight and slightly harsh, shorter in the head and front of the paws, and slightly thicker in the neck. On the hips, the coat forms tight, but not too long pants. The undercoat is present. There are several Shepherd Dogs:
- black with markings - yellow, red-brown, brownish, light gray,
- pure black
- black and tan
The standard allows small white spots in the chest area, as well as too light color on the inner surfaces of the body, but they are undesirable. Regardless of color, the nose can only be black.
German Shepherd Character
Of course, each dog has its own characteristics of character, but still there are common data that characterize the German Shepherd Dog. From it and breathes confidence, and it is noticeable in appearance, and behavioral manifestations. Pets of this breed are very strong and fearless, and their family will be protected not for life, but for death. Moreover, having a good physical form, they have every chance to win over the offender.
German Shepherd Dog: photo
The main desire of the shepherd dog is to become ideal and beloved for its owner, and it will confirm this every time. Purebred representatives play an excellent role as a caretaker, and it is almost impossible to pass by them. You should not think that such dogs are created only for work, they are also excellent companions. The “Germans” feel great in the family, but in this case it is extremely important that the pet is well educated and socialized.
The German Shepherd Dogs have in their blood to take care of the weak and younger members of the family, whom they perceive as their flock, and therefore begin to automatically take care of their safety. Also, dogs are nice to get along with other pets, including cats. But they are difficult to experience loneliness, as they are accustomed to constantly contact with others. As a result, they are calm and balanced, they can be taken on trips and not regret it.
German Shepherd Care
Care, above all, requires the coat of the animal. Since wool is prone to tangling and churning into mats, it should be scratched every 3-4 days. Several times a year it is necessary to carefully trim the long hair coat on the hips, especially on the inside.
German shepherd puppies: photo
These dogs do not require frequent washing; this hygienic procedure is carried out as needed, using a stiff brush. It is necessary to use detergents for dogs, and wipe the pet with a soft towel. After the bath, care should be taken that the dog does not lie on its side until it dries completely.
Clawing is done every 2 weeks. Brushing your teeth is an indispensable daily procedure that will save your pet from bacteria and unpleasant breathing.
How to raise and train a German shepherd
In order to grow from a puppy an obedient, docile dog, who would be loyal to his family, the owner must prove that he is a leader and is worthy of the respect of his pet. This will require to show the strength of spirit and positive moral qualities. However, becoming an authority for a dog, this status will periodically require confirmation. But we are not talking about constant confrontation, but only about a serious attitude to educational issues and training.
Yes, the German Shepherd requires a clearly structured hierarchy, but to call it difficult the training of a pet of this breed will be wrong. Being a puppy, the dog will be cunning and naughty, but with a patient approach you can teach your pet the correct behavior and make contact with it, which is extremely important for subsequent interaction.
An excellent company for a puppy are children from 9 years old, however, it is not worth to fully charge them with the responsibility for raising a pet. Yet in this case, control of adults is necessary. You should not delude yourself that the intelligence and intelligence of the German shepherd will greatly simplify the process of training. These dogs can be very cunning and quirky, so only the right incentive will force them to do what is required of them. With insufficient stimulation, the dog will use all means to trick it in order to avoid work and rest.
Periodic use of mechanical stimuli for stimulation is allowed, however, it is impossible to educate and train a pet using this method alone. But experts recommend another effective incentive - the use of snacks. They act smoothly on the German Shepherd, and for a tasty morsel, the pet will do the impossible. The main thing is that this product is useful and liked by the pet, then the commands of the dog will be associated with pleasant memories. Shepherd dogs also appreciate the praise of the owner and are happy to please their owner.
If this is the first dog in the family, then it is recommended to visit at least a few lessons of professional training in order to gain basic knowledge of the correct contact with the pet. If the dog is intended for a child, then it can be engaged in its training at the age of 10 years and under the supervision of adults.
German Shepherd Photo
German Shepherd Puppy Price
Prices for German Shepherd puppies vary greatly. Naturally, offspring with documents from titled parents is not cheap. It is possible to buy a high-bred dog that has all the chances for a championship, for 60000-600000 rubles, and sometimes they are much more expensive. They are usually sold at the age of 6-9 months, when the animals have already been able to prove themselves in the ring and even win prizes.
Dogs that do not have a pedigree, cost from 18,000 to 36,000 rubles, but this is on condition that the buyer, if desired, can issue all the necessary documents, which means that the puppy is 100% purebred. This price category includes representatives of the breed that have a club lineage, and not the Russian Cynological Association or the International Cynological Federation. Offspring, which has no documents at all, costs from 6000 to 12000, and this price applies to the capital, and in the region it may be lower.
The German Shepherd is an excellent pet for active and motivated people. A dog can be an invaluable helper, or just a friend and companion. But at the same time she will never cease to protect and protect her family. Naturally, all this is possible with the right approach to her education.
Attitude to children
Relationship to strangers
The propensity to train
- Attachment to the family. Dogs tend to be the best and most loved by their owner and his family. Their loyalty has no limits. They love all members of the family, care and protect everyone they consider their own. Dogs act as a reliable bodyguard, but at the same time, they are ready to be companions. Separation from your family is painful.
- Attitude to children. Dogs are incredibly gentle to children. They are happy to make a company to small family members, will protect them. The only thing worth warning against is not to start a small shepherd puppy if there is a child in the house under the age of three. It will be difficult to keep track of two children! In addition, an older child can be partially charged with caring for a pet.
- Attitude to strangers. A well-bred dog with good socialization will never throw at a stranger without a host command. The dogs will welcome guests at home, who are happy to host, friendly. But, uninvited guests can not say hello!
- Security qualities. German Shepherd Dogs are the perfect guards. Their blood contains the care and protection of their families (flocks). The dog never for a moment lets go of the sight of its owner. It does not matter if it lies at his feet, or is somewhere in the distance. The dog watches and guards constantly. There is nothing more touching than to watch the sheepdog guarding the sleeping baby in a stroller or crib. However, the stranger who decides to approach the sleeping baby is unlucky.
- Watchdog quality. A well-trained dog German shepherd breed is the best caretaker. The only thing that a master has to do is to educate and professionally train a dog from an early age. She should not take anything from strangers, pick up food from the ground so that attackers could not poison her. And with the protection of the house the dog will cope on its own - the guard instinct is laid down at the genetic level in the German Shepherd Dog.
- Loss of wool. The Germans moult very much! Indeed, strongly. If you choose this breed, you will have to put up with a huge amount of wool on your clothes, furniture and carpets. To alleviate the problem can regular brushing wool.
- General health. The breed is strong and relatively healthy. But, like other breeds, there is a propensity for a number of genetic pathologies. Read more about this feature below in the subsection “Health”.
- Playfulness The dogs are playful. In some individuals and in adulthood, teenage playfulness persists. Dogs constantly ask the owner to play with them, bring their favorite toy.
- The tendency to training. And again, the highest score! High intelligence and excellent learning have done their job - the dog is perfectly trainable. Due to this quality, German shepherds work alongside a person in many areas: security and guard duty, drug control, customs inspection, police, guides of blind people. But, inexperienced dog owners are better off abandoning such a dog or learning how to train puppies from professionals. In the training of the Germans need a systematic, competent and professional approach.
Who is suitable breed
- People who lead an active lifestyle. Sheepdogs need physical exertion and regular work. It will be a company for tourists, travelers and lovers of cycling and jogging.
- Balanced people, as a guard and watchman. Nervous types with such a dog can not cope, and if they cope, they will break the psyche of the dog.
- Owners of large apartments and country houses. Dogs need a lot of space. Ideally, there should be a large private courtyard with a high fence.
Who does not breed
- Retired. Older people will be difficult to match the activity of the pet.
- Lazy inactive people. For such owners, French Bulldogs and Chihuahuas may be suitable, with whom it is not necessary to take a lot and take a long walk.
- Безответственным людям, которые не готовы дрессировать и воспитывать собаку. Собаку, у которой идеально развиты сторожевые и охранные качества, необходимо грамотно дрессировать. Хозяин должен понимать, что овчарки не рождаются с командами в голове и их инстинктами должен научиться управлять человек. А это ежедневный планомерный труд!
I want to have a German shepherd, but they say that it is a dangerous dog. Is it so?
Shepherd the perfect watchman, guard and bodyguard. The owner is everything for her. The dog is a danger to any stranger who behaves inadequately. Taking such an animal is a big responsibility. If the dog feels threatened by its owner, it will immediately attack the stranger.
The child asks to give him a German Shepherd for 14 years. He wants to deal with it, whether it will cope?
No, do not take such responsibility. Sheepdog will take the child to their puppy and in every way to protect. The hand of a school friend extended to greet a dog may be considered a threat. Without the participation of parents or a dog handler, the child will not cope.
How to choose a German Shepherd puppy?
It is difficult to advise. The main thing you need to pay attention to is to know the reputation of the nursery, ask parents for documents, find out their titles, ask about the number of puppies in the mating (the smaller, the stronger they are), look at the physique of the puppies and their parents.
How difficult is it to look after a German Shepherd?
If you are not afraid of daily active walks in the fresh air with active physical training, dog training. If you are not afraid of large amounts of shedding wool and are ready to feed the dog with the best feed or fresh meat, it is easy to take care.
Does the fur creep strongly in BUT during moulting?
Sheep-dogs very molt, especially this is problematic in spring. Have to constantly comb out wool. This should be done on a regular basis during and during the moulting season.
At what age can begin the training of German puppies?
Canine experts recommend starting training for basic course teams from three months of age. Earlier training may not give the desired result.
They took BUT from the shelter. She is 2.5 years old. The dog is very active, always on edge, is it normal?
If you have a purebred shepherd, then it must be so. This is an indicator of her health. Another thing is that you need to arrange active long-term exercise with her on the street, teach obedience and work teams, and bring them to the site. The dog needs physical activity and work.
I am confused by the red color of my dog's coat. Maybe I was sold not purebred dog?
No, it should not embarrass you if the animal’s back is black. There are dogs zonarno-red, fawn and black coat.
We took the dog BUT for the protection of a country house. He is already 5 months old, but he does not bark at anyone?
What do you want from a child? Of course, in 5 months the puppy of a German shepherd is already big enough, but this is a child. Wait for him to grow up and mature. Get used to family members. Learn to distinguish between their own and others. To train to protect shepherd dogs begin only in 1 year, when the psyche of the dog is fully formed. If you need a Poluletka - you had to take a cur. A guard should train a specialist.
Can I keep a German in an apartment?
If you want, then you can. Provided that you can organize your dog enough exercise and regular active walks. And they themselves are ready to constantly vacuum sofas, carpets and chairs - there will be a lot of wool from a dog.
At what age BUT do ears stand up?
This usually happens in half a year. If the ears have not risen to this age, then most likely the problem is in not very good genes.
Is it suitable for breed only street content?
Yes. Under the following conditions:
- the courtyard should be surrounded by a high deaf fence,
- The aviary should be with a roof
- the dog must have a warmed booth on a wooden flooring.
Is it possible to start BUT into the house where other pets live?
You can lead. But know that you need to work on the socialization of the dog. She can begin to protect your children and you from other pets.
How much should you walk BUT?
It depends on how old the dog is. Adults - ideally 1-2 hours. Up to a year - 2-3 times for 45-50 minutes. Babies (up to 6 months) - 15 minutes each, an unlimited number of times a day.
Does shepherd need clothing for the winter?
No, there is no need for clothes. But toys are needed. Lot. Various. Made from durable latex or cast rubber.
Are there aggressive German shepherds?
Aggression - the marriage of the breed. Dogs are not aggressive, they are distrustful and suspicious of strangers. This is normal!
Can a shepherd overwhelm a wolf?
Yes, in the media flicker such materials. But most likely it is fiction. Sheepdog - not a hunter. One dog with a wolf can not cope. When talking about such cases, most likely we are talking about Caucasian Shepherd Dogs - those are much bigger and stronger than BUT.
What breeds have pros and cons?
- high intelligence and learnability
- unpretentiousness in food and living conditions,
- sociability and openness
- activity and energy,
- perfect security features.
- strongly fade, have a characteristic smell,
- noisy: noisy eating, breathing and falling,
- not suitable for beginners, you need experience in education,
- necessary space for keeping a dog and daily active long walks,
- may show excessive aggression to strangers, defending the house and the owner.
What are the nicknames suitable for the Germans?
The first thing that comes to mind is Rex. But the choice is wider. A large list of nicknames can be found here.
According to the German FCI breed standard
- Body type. Proportional, muscular body.
- Back. Straight with continuous topline. Strong croup slightly tilted. Muscular
- Limbs. Front - perfectly straight and parallel. Rear - parallel, in the rack laid back.
- Paws. Rounded, arched. Strong dark pads.
- Gait. Lynx.
- Chest. Wide with a pronounced front.
- Neck. Muscular and strong.
- Head. Dry, wedge-shaped, proportional.
- Skull. The length of the skull is commensurate with its width.
- Forehead. Without frontal grooves. Round shape.
- Nose. With black lobe.
- Lips. Dark, tight, dry.
- Jaws. Strongly developed.
- Teeth. Scissor bite. Teeth - strong (42).
- Ears. Straight lines Standing. Parallel located in the vertical direction.
- Eyes. Diagonal almond-shaped. Dark.
- Tail. Length - to hock. Falling arc-shaped. In the excited state should not rise above the back line.
- Coat Two varieties: Upper coat with undercoat (shorthair) and long awn with undercoat (longhair).
- Color Black, zone-gray, zone-red. Black and red, black and yellow, black and gray. White Shepherd - breed marriage.
- Growth at the withers. Males - 60-65 cm. Bitches - 55-60 cm.
- Weight. Males - 30-40 kg. Bitches - 22-32 kg.
- How many live. The average life expectancy is 12-15 years.
The exemplary representative of the German Shepherd breed is a fearless and confident dog. Alert attitude to strangers and attentive - to those whom the dogs consider "their" in their blood. With proper socialization and professional training, dogs can become ideal protectors and watchmen.
Dogs need a permanent job. They quickly learn and can perform various tasks of the owner. Watch, wear things, help around the house, perform tricks and bodyguard functions. It is necessary to constantly set various tasks for the pet - this contributes to their good physical and mental state.
Shepherd temperament cheerful and playful. They enjoy playing with children, can accompany the owner during long journeys and walks. Athletes dogs make up the company during jogging, cycling and active games in the fresh air.
For other pets, big and strong dogs are tolerated. This also applies to cats. If a puppy of a German shepherd grows alongside a cat, he quickly realizes that she is the main one in the house and gives up her palm. They may even become best friends.
Sheepdogs are extremely smart. This quality is successfully used during the training of service dogs. The Germans are used for guard and military service. Dogs work at customs, in drug control, used for therapeutic purposes. The first guide dogs are also German shepherds.
Devotion is another feature that needs to be mentioned. Dogs show boundless affection and loyalty to their family. They are affectionate and sensitive to each family member, consider them to be their flock, which must be protected and protected from intruders. For the owner ready to give life. The main nightmare of a German is to become useless to his “pack” (family). Do not hesitate to rush into danger. They need human attention and are bored in separation.
Care and maintenance
The German Shepherd is unpretentious - it gets along perfectly in all conditions. For its maintenance and fit the house and city apartment. Dogs tolerate adverse weather conditions, so aviary type of content also suits them. Of course, owning a house is the perfect place for a German. In a small city apartment there is a risk of hypodynamia.
Features of the content in a city apartment
- Sunlight is necessary for dogs, especially puppies - do not shut the windows tightly,
- a thick mattress is suitable for the lounger, it must be positioned so that the dog can observe everything that happens around,
- slippery flooring (laminate, linoleum, tile) badly affect the dog's position and can be the cause of injuries during active games,
- should not be within the reach of the pet - electrical wiring, expensive things, hazardous substances and objects that can get hurt.
The main thing you need to remember when starting a representative of this breed is active and very active shepherd dogs. They need to be loaded with work, a lot and actively walk. When leaving the dog alone, do not forget to give it a big bone or a strong chewing toy. A bored dog, left alone for a long time, can find an occupation for itself. Not sure if you like standing barking, digging under the fence, gnawed table legs and torn shoes.
The master of the German must be ready for constant training of the mind and body of his big, intelligent and active dog. Training in dog training club, work on the dog playground, long walks, running, agility, frisbee - the dog must be constantly busy. Dogs quickly understand what they want from them - the Germans can be taught to help around the house: guard the child’s sleep, bring slippers and a newspaper, carry bags from the store.
Basic rules of care
- Twice a week, the dog's coat should be combed with a puhoderka. During the molt, this procedure is repeated daily. Sheepdogs strongly molt.
- Frequent bathing is bad for the natural protective lubricant of the shepherd's coat. Bathe dogs with heavy dirt, trying to avoid aggressive detergents.
- German ears are cleaned weekly with a dry sponge. You should regularly examine them for inflammation.
- Claws trimmed with shears only puppies. In adult dogs, they grind off naturally.
- To clean the teeth, special bones are needed, sold in veterinary pharmacies and pet stores.
- Anti-flea and anthelmintic treatment is carried out regularly. To protect against ticks in the spring-autumn period, it is necessary to use anti-parasitic agents and collars.
- German shepherds vaccinated according to the established veterinarian scheme. Animals that live outside the city are additionally vaccinated against lichen.
- Eyes do not need special treatment. It is necessary to inspect them regularly. In case of increased tearing and redness, you should contact your veterinarian.
In addition, there are three types of breed: short-haired, long-haired and long-haired with a hard coat. Currently, the focus is on short-haired dogs, but from time to time long-haired puppies are born.
The German Shepherd is covered with a coat consisting of a hard top layer and undercoat. The top layer should be tight, firm and fit snugly to the body. The head, ears and front of the legs are covered with short and thick hair. On the back of the paws, shins and hock, the coat is slightly longer. Small "pants" are formed on the hips.
On the head, ears and the front of the legs and legs, short hair and thick. On the back of the limbs, towards the woman and the hock, the hair is slightly longer, forming small pants on the hips.
In terms of their color, the German Shepherd Dog can be black with tan points in shades of reddish, fawn, yellow or gray with a black or gray mask and caprice. A white spot on the chest and a lighter color on the inner sides of the legs are permissible but not desirable. The nose is necessarily black, regardless of coat color. In newborn puppies, it is most often pink, but quickly turns black. The absence of a mask, very bright eyes, bright or white markings on the chest and the inside of the legs, bright claws and a red tip of the tail should be assessed as deficiencies in pigmentation. The undercoat should be gray, with the exception of dogs that are completely black in color.
Interestingly, the first officially registered representative of the breed, according to the description, had a dirty white color, and in the early stages of breeding, white shepherd dogs were often born, who did not receive recognition from the sheep breeders, for which they were bred. For example, in the USA and Canada, such dogs were registered as German Shepherd Dogs or as a separate breed - the American White Shepherd Dog. The first white shepherd dogs came to Europe exactly as imports from the USA and Canada, and Switzerland became the first country to approve a new breed. Therefore, today this breed is called white Swiss Shepherd.
Brief history of the breed
The German Shepherd takes its roots from mountain shepherd dogs living in the territory of modern Germany. These early shepherds appeared in the seventh century. According to the descriptions of German dog handlers, they are descended from wolves domesticated in the Bronze Age. These dogs looked like a shepherd, but had a light color. However, since the beginning of the sixteenth century, these dogs have wool similar to modern.
In the nineteenth century, a significant reduction in pastures began, due to the growth of arable land. In connection with this, the role that the dogs of the breed had previously played began to change. At this time, the cynological movement was born in Central Europe, and the development of cities led to an increase in crime, which was expectedly increased interest in service dogs. In Germany, the organization formed Phylax, whose goal was to support the breeding of herding dogs, in which they saw good material for breeding a service dog intended for use in the army and the police.
Already in 1880, the German Shepherd began to serve in the Prussian army, and in 1882 the first solo exhibition with the participation of these dogs took place in Hannover. After eight years of Phylax, a new society emerged, formed on April 3, 1899 by Captain Max von Stephanitz, who is considered the founder of the modern German Shepherd Dog.
Together with his friend Arthur Mayer, he initiated the breeding of this breed, crossing short-haired, long-haired and wire-haired shepherd dogs from Bavaria, Thuringia and Württemberg. By 1915, a description of the breed appeared with the division into wire-haired, short-haired and long-haired options. Later the wire-haired version almost disappeared, and the long-haired one, in accordance with the breed standard, was not allowed to the exhibitions until the end of 2010, until this variety was singled out in a separate breed.
Over time, the German Shepherds became unusually outstanding service dogs for the police and army. They participated in both world wars, gaining recognition from the soldiers of all the warring armies. It’s hard to say how many dogs went through the service in those few years. For comparison, during the First World War, almost 50,000 shepherd dogs served in the German army alone.
After the war, the adjective "German" became not very popular, and sometimes even offensive. However, English breeders did not want to get rid of these wonderful, universal dogs, so in the UK the dog was renamed Alsatian Shepherd (in English - Alsatian or Alsatian wolf dog). And only many years later, in 1971, the British Kennel Club restored the name of the breed (German Shepherd in English).
By the way, because of the word wolf in the English name of the breed, some people believe that this dog is the product of crossing a dog with a wolf, which is not true. Nevertheless, an attempt was made to cross a sheepdog and a wolf. Thus, breeders tried to increase such characteristics as strength and endurance, but if you believe the descriptions, the attempts ended in failure. The problem is that, along with the improvement of physical qualities, the offspring thus obtained has adopted the negative qualities of a wolfish character. For example, deceit and cowardice.
Today, the German Shepherd is one of the most popular dogs in the world and probably the most versatile. Initially, she was used as a shepherd dog, but today you rarely meet her in this role, since she has many virtues. She still serves in the army, detecting explosives and mines, as well as performing patrols and guards. In the police she keeps order, helping to search for drugs, missing people and helping to find traces. Спасательные службы охотно используют ее превосходное обоняние, чтобы разыскивать людей под обломками зданий или лавинами. Она помогает людям с ограниченными возможностями и слепым, а также используется в качестве караульной, охранной собаки и компаньона.
Подробнее об этом вы можете прочесть в статье «История породы немецкая овчарка».
This is by far one of the most popular breeds in the world. It is distinguished by extraordinary versatility, simplicity of content, intelligence and very high ability to learn and adapt, thanks to which the dog has gained many admirers.
She has an exclusively individual character, is self-confident, temperamental, courageous and stubborn, but inclined to obey her master implicitly. This dog loves to work, and you shouldn’t deprive it of its ability to demonstrate itself. She needs movement, daily exercise and new tasks that need to be done. It is not enough just to keep it as a domestic dog, as this can lead to behavioral problems.
In relation to their loved ones, the German Shepherd is obedient, sweet, infinitely faithful and loyal. Calmly behaves with friends. It is an excellent companion for children's games and treats children with care and tolerance. In relation to strangers, she is usually restrained and distrustful, but not insidious or aggressive.
Sheep-dog perfectly justifies itself as a guard and guard dog. She is responsible for the protection of her territory and reliably protects her family and her property from uninvited guests. Excellent lives with other dogs and coexists well with other animals.
Despite the natural dedication that the German shepherd character experiences to the owner, it allows the dog to be raised in such a way that it will be obedient to several people. Largely due to this dignity, the breed is very effective for official use. For example, a shepherd dog can go to the guard with different counselors, while dogs of other breeds often obey only one. This property of character very quickly led to the fact that dogs began to be used in the service in law enforcement agencies not only in Germany, but also abroad. For example, in English Scotland Yard.
Like most other large dogs, in life can suffer from hip dysplasia and, much less often, elbow. It appears when the femur is not properly fitted to the articular bag, causing pain and difficulty getting up and walking. This can lead to serious problems if the dog is already quite a few years old. It is important to identify the disease in time, because a simple surgical operation will save your pet from a lot of suffering in his declining years.
Demyelination often happens - damage to the myelin sheath surrounding nerve fibers.
Very rarely, epilepsy, various skin allergies and bone inflammation can occur. There are problems with the eyes. Including keratitis - long-term superficial inflammation of the cornea. As a rule, this disease affects only German Shepherd Dogs and their hybrids.
There is an average risk of intestinal obstruction - a serious disease of large breeds of dogs.
Representatives of this breed live 12-15 years - this is the average life expectancy. But how many years your pet will live depends on the quality of life you provide for it.
It is easy to care for the thick and tough coat of the German Shepherd, but during all the years of life the dog loses hair, therefore it is necessary to clean the dog at least twice a week. In addition, during shedding the dog wool falls out very abundantly and dead hair must be combed daily. It is best to do this after each walk.
It is necessary to bathe a sheepdog only when it is really necessary. Usually, two bathings per year are enough and no more than once a month, since the use of shampoo can lead to a decrease in the protective properties of the dog's hair.
German Shepherd needs a lot of movement. Outside the house she is very active. He likes to run, swim and can spend hours throwing a ball to her. He is a born runner, able to accompany his master on the run or on bike rides. However, nothing can replace daily walks with the dog, during which your pet will meet other people, animals and places.
Upbringing and training
The owner of a German Shepherd should be a family or an active person who loves sports and is able to satisfy the temperament of the dog with a variety of physical exercises or, even better, find him some kind of occupation. This is an outstanding service dog, which must always do some work, because it lives by it.
She needs close contact with her counselor, but it is not enough for her just to run around her master and walk beside him. Energy that has not found a way out will negatively affect the environment.
How much time to devote to physical activities? As much as your dog needs. There is a saying that a happy dog is a tired dog. From work or exercise. This statement is most true of the German Shepherd. The easiest way is to prepare her for that sport, which can be practiced with the dog.
Accordingly, early socialization of the puppy is also necessary.
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History breed German shepherd
At a time when industry was rapidly developing in Germany, and cattle breeding began to decline, the need for herding dogs gradually began to be lost. Needed a new breed. It was supposed to be a universal service dog, which would become popular in modern society in Germany.
It is interesting! The breeders Shparwasser and Vahsmut took up the task of breeding a new breed. They wanted to create a dog that would have equally guard and service qualities, but at the same time could be a balanced companion animal.
The ancestors of the modern German shepherd were selected representatives of the shepherd breeds: a large Vyuntberg and a more miniature Thuringian shepherd dog. At first, the results of crossbreeding did not fully satisfy the scientists, but in terms of character they managed to achieve certain success. The breeders turned out balanced, calm dogs, loyal and affectionate with the owners, but wary of strangers. In addition, this experience has been quite successful from a commercial point of view. But before the German Shepherd breed was created in its present form, there was still a lot of work.
Later, Colonel Max Emile Frederic von Stephanitz took up the case.. He acquired a very beautiful puppy and it was this representative that became the official ancestor of the breed recorded in the pedigree book. Further work went tirelessly and already in 1925 in Germany there were about 25,000 fans of this breed. To improve the qualities of the offspring, the most worthy representatives were selected. They were selected not only by their external qualities, but also by their character.
During the First and Second World Wars, dogs proved to be like real fighters. They were used in demining, for communication and as guards, showed themselves perfectly and when searching for wounded soldiers. However, the war had a negative impact on the breed. Too many good dogs were killed, others just starved to death. With great effort, the main core was still able to be maintained.
It took relatively little time and the breed German shepherd conquered the whole world. The true success of this breed came in the 70s of the twentieth century. It was at this time that the highest quality of the gene pool was achieved both on the paternal and maternal lines.
The final and last for today standard appearance of the German Shepherd Dog was adopted only in 1991. This is a small, medium sized dog. Sexual difference in German shepherds pronounced. Even a specialist can distinguish males from bitches. Males are larger and more developed physically. Growing males 60-65 centimeters, weight 34-40 pounds. Growth in bitches from 55 to 61 centimeters, and weight from 25 to 32 kilograms. The head of these dogs is wedge-shaped, with an extension between the ears. The ears themselves must be standing upright. Earlobe on the standard of the breed must be black and large. The forehead should be slightly convex, and the frontal groove should be absent or be mild. The lips are adjacent to the jaws and do not hang down; the bite is good, in the shape of scissors.
The body is strong, slightly elongated, blending smoothly into the tail line. The neck is strong, well developed at an angle of 45 degrees to the body. Thorax moderately wide and well developed. The extremities of the German Shepherd dogs are even and strong, in males more powerful than those of bitches. Front feet should be parallel to each other. The back - very strong, the backbone should be well developed. The shoulder blades and shoulders should be equal in length and fit snugly to the body. The forearms are dry and muscular. The tail of these dogs is straight, saber-shaped. The tip of the tail reaches the hock, but no more than the middle of the metatarsal.
It is interesting! The skin tightly encloses the body and should not have any folds. The color of dogs is quite diverse. It may be black, black and gold, ash gray, tan and dark smoky. These shepherd dogs can have different lengths of hair, on this basis they are divided into long-haired and short-haired. On the neck and nape the wool is always thicker and longer than on the whole body.
German Shepherd Feeding
Special attention should be paid to German Shepherd dogs. This is an active and not the smallest breed. Food for the German Shepherd should contain the necessary amount of vitamins and calories, for an active life it needs a good source of energy. Meat-based products should form the basis of nutrition. Buckwheat porridge in meat broth, with pieces of by-products or meat, can best be added, you can add vegetables. Barley and millet are poorly absorbed by the dog's body, so these croup should be avoided. If you want to feed the German Shepherd with ready-made artificial feeds, then you need to be careful, allergies can occur in dogs, then the diet must be changed.
Important! The main thing - it is strictly forbidden to feed the dog from the table. This can not be done mainly for two reasons. First: the dog can be banal spoiled, and then you get a naughty creature. The second reason is that the food familiar to humans contains salt, pepper and other seasonings that can harm the health of the shepherd dog. In particular, the liver and kidneys may be affected. Fried, sweet and salty - completely excluded for the same reason.
It is strictly forbidden to overfeed dogs, this can lead to obesity, which will lead to an extra load on the musculoskeletal system, and this is a weak point not only in German shepherd dogs, but also in other breeds. Also banned all smoked, fresh bread and raw river fish, as it has a lot of bones. Feed your dog properly and it will delight you for many years.
Puppies are very useful to give low-fat cottage cheese and cereal. On a full adult diet, you can go with the age of five months, then you can also enter into the diet of boiled fatty fish. This is a very beneficial effect on the development of young animals.
Where to buy and what to look for
So that you do not have problems with your pet, puppies should be bought only from trusted official breeders in special nurseries. Do not buy a puppy from random people in the "bird markets". This will protect you from a number of problems, and the dog will be healthy both physically and mentally. For a start, it is worthwhile to draw on the appearance of the puppy, it must have well-developed paws and a correct posture. The nose should be cold and moist, and the eyes - clear and shiny, without discharge and pus. Wool should be shiny and bright. The stomach is moderately plump, but it should not be swollen. These are just the most general tips that you should pay attention to when choosing a German Shepherd puppy. So how much is such a joy?
Before you get a puppy German shepherd should think about for what purpose you get a dog. There are several classes of this breed. The first and most expensive is the “show class” Puppies of this breed can cost from 50,000 to 90,000 rubles. If you have such a dog, then it gives the right to participate in the most prestigious exhibitions.
The second, less prestigious class is the “bird class” - promising for breeding. If you are going to breed a German shepherd and are not going to conquer exhibitions, then dogs of this class will do. The price of such puppies is from 45,000 to 70,000 rubles.
And finally, the puppies of the simplest level are “pet-class”. With them you will not be taken to the exhibition, and for breeding they prefer the first and second. These puppies will cost from 20,000 to 40,000 rubles.
If you are not going to the exhibition or become a breeder, then you should not frankly overpay. It is quite suitable "pet class". It has no effect on behavior, health and other official qualities.
If you buy or take an adult dog, and sometimes it happens, then the former owners need to find out the following points: what feeding regime and walks the former owner had, food preferences, whether he gets on with other animals, behavior patterns and many other points. You should also find out if there are any health problems, this can be very important. In general, the German Shepherds can quite easily survive a change of scenery, quickly get used to the new owner, and if everything is done correctly, the dog will not feel sharp changes and problems with adaptation in a new place, as a rule, will not arise.
In conclusion, I would like to say that the German Shepherd is a very serious breed of dogs and requires a serious attitude. You will have to put a lot of effort and time to the dog became a reliable companion and friend, it all depends on your patience. Good luck to you and your pet!
German Shepherd Health
Breed is considered relatively healthy - with sufficient physical activity, dogs can live up to 15 years. However, there are no dogs with 100% health. Genetic pathology is inherent in all breeds, shepherd dogs are no exception.
When choosing a puppy, you need to carefully examine the documents of his parents and require the results of medical and genetic tests for the baby from the breeders.
Genetic pathology of German shepherds
- Hip dysplasia. Breeders are constantly working to reduce the percentage of this genetic defect.
- Degenerative myelopathy. Slowly progressing pathology of the spinal cord. Causes paralysis of the hind limbs.
- Heart diseases. Noises, valve developmental pathologies.
- Vision problems.
- Autoimmune diseases.
- Inversion of the stomach.
The temperament of the dog is also inherited. An aggressive, too insecure and unbalanced dog can be dangerous to others. Demand from the breeders the results of tests on the temperament of the parents
Germans are ideal dogs for dog training. But, in the inept hands of dogs you can spoil. Dogs are clever and cunning, if the owner could not put himself in the place of the leader, and this is the first thing to be done, the shepherd will try to deceive the trainer. A competent, constant and phased approach is needed.
Dogs have good memory, endurance and ingenuity. Quickly remember the commands and willingly carry them out. Sheepdogs perceive the training and execution of commands by their work. Therefore, they are very responsible for this activity. Work for the sheepdogs - that's all!
You need to train dogs in the form of a game. For obedience - to actively encourage, with disobedience - to restrain negative emotions. Force methods, cry, sharp movements and corporal punishment - are not allowed! All commands are pronounced clearly. Intonation of the voice for encouragement and punishment must be radically different - the dog must understand to scold or praise it.
Puppy rearing is carried out the entire period of maturation (up to 10-12 months). Ideally, one person should train the Germans, best of all, a professional should do it. If the owner himself wants to raise and train his pet, he will be helped by special courses of trainers.
German Shepherd breeders practice two types of feeding: natural, which is based on fresh meat and feeding ready (industrial) feed. It is useless to argue about which type is better. Each diet has its supporters and opponents. Both are allowed by veterinarians. Each owner must decide what to feed the puppy.
Rules applicable to all types of food:
- adult dogs need two meals a day,
- you need to feed 15-20 minutes after the walk,
- the volume of the portion depends on the weight, age, activity, metabolic rate and physiological condition of the dog,
- the feed must be of high quality, the pet's health and longevity depend on it,
- fasting and overfeeding are not allowed
- meals should be made at fixed hours, in between the food is removed,
- fresh drinking water should be available around the clock free access.
Суточный рацион собаки должен состоять из свежего мяса, мясных субпродуктов, овощей, кисломолочных продуктов, витаминов и минералов. Допускается вводить в рацион сырые перепелиные яйца и куриные в виде омлета, несколько раз в неделю морскую отварную рыбу без костей.
Мясо составляет основу рациона. Его дают в свежем виде, предварительно подвергая глубокой заморозке для уничтожения паразитов. При подаче – режут на мелкие куски и обдают кипятком. Жирные сорта мяса не подходят для вскармливания собак, нужно выбирать диетические: индейка, кролик, курица.
Хозяева немецких овчарок используют крупы в меню питомцев. In fact, you can do without this component - this is not a prohibited product, but not the most useful. From the groats you need to choose buckwheat and rice (preferably brown).
Feeding ready-made feeds is easier and more convenient for dog owners. This is a good alternative to high-quality natural feed. The main rule is that in one feeding it is impossible to mix dry and wet industrial feeds, and also to give ready-made feeds simultaneously with natural products. For the digestion of different types of food in dogs different gastric secretions are secreted. Mixing, you can break the pet's digestion.
The daily feed rate is calculated in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations on the package. On average, an adult active dog needs 600-750 grams. 500 grams is enough for a sedentary dog.
A large active dog needs a high-quality, balanced feed with enough calorie for the needs of such a dog. Best suited to the brand with a class of "super premium" and "holistic."
The best finished feed for sheep dogs:
- Acana Heritage Adult Large Breed Grain-Free, Canada, holistic - high-quality formula consists of 8 species of animal protein. As part of the feed fresh poultry, fish and eggs - this provides the necessary set of amino acids. Fresh chicken cartilages are used as a natural source of collagen, chondroitin and glucosamine. Proteins - 31%, fats - 15%. Does not contain cereals. To strengthen the immunity added brown algae. Blueberries and cranberries are natural antioxidants. The formula is enriched with medicinal plants and seasonings,
- Grandorf Adult Maxi Lamb & Rice, Belgium, holistic - a special formula for large breeds of dogs. Protein - 25%, fats - 15%. The formula uses fresh and dehydrated lamb and turkey meat (60%). Cereal is a quality ingredient - brown rice. Food is enriched with vitamins, minerals, Omega-3, Omega-6. Contains chondroitin and glucosamine for joint health,
- Eukanuba Breed Specific Dry Dog Food For German Shepherd Chicken, the Netherlands, super premium - a full-fledged dry food for German shepherd dogs. The specialized formula contains the optimal level of L-carnitine for natural fat burning. Meat ingredients are chicken and turkey meat. ,
- Advance German Shepherd Adult, Spain, super premium - specialized breed formula for German shepherd dogs. The size of the granules is adapted to the jaws of the breed. The main ingredients are rice and turkey. Contains: glucosamine, chondroitin, biotin, omega-3, omega-6, green tea (antioxidant), zinc and active immunoglobulins,
- Royal Canin German Shepherd Adult, France, super-premium - dry breed food for adult dogs. The optimal content of substances helps to maintain the health of the dog. The size and texture of the granules are adapted to the jaws of the sheep dogs.
Black german shepherd
A rare representative of the breed pure black. Wool is uniformly colored, without scorch marks and impregnations.
Characteristic black mask. Primary coat color is gray. Back with blackout.
The main color is red. On the back is blackout. Expressive black mask on the face.
Black and yellow
A beautiful combination of black and yellow. Yellow color can be of different intensity.
Black and red (black)
The most common color. The black back smoothly turns into a red bottom. Expressive dark mask on the face.
Vladlen: “I want to warn those who are just thinking of having a German Shepherd Dog. The breed is not as romantic as it is shown in films about Commissioner Rex. Dogs carry dirt into the house, they smell a lot, shed horribly, gnaw bones are scattered all over the house and they can eat and drink without care. If this does not stop you, then take a sheepdog! I already have the second dog of this breed, I just adore the Germans. They are intelligent, selfless and loyal. But the choice of this breed should be deliberate and deliberate step. "
Anatoly: “For owners of private houses, the German Shepherd Dog can be an ideal breed. They are excellent guards and companions. Dogs have an ideal genetic memory for teams, but they need to be trained professionally. Without training with the Germans live will not work. The dog must be taught to obey the owner, not to pick up food from the ground, not to attack without a command. They also need space and hours of active walking. ”
Helena: “When we got a dog, we thought a lot about what to call a puppy. We stopped at Mary. In honor of Mary Poppins, a famous nanny. Our Mary is a great nanny. She is already 10 years old. All the children grew up next to her. Each she took care of and guarded, as his child. The smartest creature. Sometimes it seems to me that she is smarter than man. All neighbors are in love with her. The dog is seasoned, affectionate and very sociable. He likes to play with our children and their friends. Protects them all. Strangers do not admit to children. Responds to inappropriate behavior of strangers. "
How much is a puppy
The cost of puppies is influenced by several factors:
- titles of parents
- the location of the nursery,
- where the mating took place.
In Russia, the price for German Shepherd puppies ranges from 20,000 rubles. up to 50 000 rubles
In Ukraine, German Shepherd puppies cost from 5,000 to 16,000 UAH.
The appearance and size of the German Shepherd
The body of the German shepherd is strong, dry, muscular. In withers, the growth of a dog is from 60 to 65 cm, and females - from 55 to 60. Weight ranges from 27 to 50 kg.
The head is long and wedge-shaped. Muzzle and skull are the same in length. The shape of the skull: almost square. As for the jaws, they are very well developed, so the bite is very powerful, scissor-like. The lips are dark, tight to the jaw. The nose is black. The eyes are dark, almond-shaped, of medium size, set slightly obliquely. The ears are erect, triangular, medium in size. Sometimes the ears can lie (this is considered a marriage), but usually stand with shells ahead.
The tail of the German Shepherd Dog is hanging down, there is a soft curve, and its lower part is fluffy. The fore and hind limbs are straight and necessarily in parallel set (the elbows of the fore limbs must not come close to or be turned out). Paws are round, well-folded, large size.
Type of coat and color
German shepherd hair is short and hard, tight to the dog's body. On the neck wool is more elongated. But there are German shepherd and long-haired. Not so long ago, since 2011, the long-haired German Shepherd Dogs were no longer considered a “marriage”, now the long hair is included in the breed standard.
German shepherd wool comes in different colors:
- black (only black wool, a rare color),
- black and tan (the whole body of the dog is black, but the inner side of the limbs and the lower abdomen are light),
- zonary (the color is distributed over the wool by ring zones due to the special color of the hairs: they are light at the base, then black, yellow in the middle, and black in the tips),
- Chereprachny (at the moment the most common color of German Shepherd Dogs: V-shaped or just a vague black spot all over the back, legs, belly and neck are brown).
German Shepherd Ears
The first frequently asked question is: when do German shepherd dogs get up? Ears begin to rise in two-month puppies. If by six months they did not get up, then it is not very good. The reasons that the ears are not worth, usually is the lack of substances necessary for the normal development of cartilage tissue.
Ears in German Shepherd puppies get up to 6-7 months, if this does not happen, you need to contact a specialist.
In order for them to be enough, you must give the dog such additives:
If the dog eats these dressings, but the ears do not stand up, then you need to contact the veterinarian, it may be necessary to glue the ear, other food or any vitamins. Take care of this is necessary until the dog has grown.
What to feed a German shepherd
The best option is natural food. Of course, feed is very convenient, in addition, there is very good quality dry feed (for example, Hill’s, Royal Canin, Nutro, Eagle Pack, Purina Proplan and others), but natural natural food is still better.
Feed the sheepdog should be primarily meat.
It is also necessary to include in the diet:
In the diet of the German Shepherd must necessarily be meat in large quantities.
- fish (necessarily boneless, sea - raw, and river - boiled),
- boiled eggs,
- dairy products (especially cottage cheese),
- thick porridges (buckwheat, rolled oats (quite a bit), rice),
- fruit (a little, as a treat).
You can not feed the dog the following products:
- flour products (including pasta, lead to obesity),
- potato (poorly digested),
- salted, pickled or smoked products,
- tubular bones.
Portions should be calculated depending on the weight of the dog, and most importantly, to monitor the calorie content of products. It is important that food is at room temperature, thick and fresh. There should always be water near the bowl. It is best to feed at the same time.
Health and life expectancy of German shepherds
German shepherds live about 12-14 years. If you follow the rules of the dog, then special health problems should not arise, although there are some diseases that are often found among representatives of this breed.
Among them are:
German shepherd dogs often have malfunctions in the gastrointestinal tract, many dogs suffer from allergies.
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (especially often: bloating, bloating of the stomach),
- joint dysplasia and various joint diseases in general, for example bursitis,
- intervertebral disc health problems
- pyoderma (purulent lesions of the skin),
- eye diseases: pannus, corneal dystrophy, cataracts,
- degenerative myelopathy (a disease of the spinal cord, usually in older dogs),
- ear infections,
- malignant tumors, cancer.
But this list should not frighten, many of these diseases arise either from birth or from an early age, so you just need to carefully choose your pet. In addition, in order to avoid disastrous consequences, it is imperative that you at least once a week conduct a dog's inspection yourself. The first step is to check the eyes, ears, and also the joints of the dog. If you carefully monitor your pet, nothing bad will happen to him.
German shepherd puppy diseases
It is necessary to pay attention to the health and behavior of the shepherd dog at a young age in order to suggest what diseases it may have in the future. For example, if a puppy has frequent diarrhea, then without timely treatment, she may develop serious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Often puppies suffer from a lack of growth hormone. Some of them never grow to a full build and die early.
If a German Shepherd puppy often has diarrhea, there is a high risk of developing serious pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract.
Advantages and disadvantages of the breed
The advantages of the German Shepherd Dog are obvious - in general, it’s her character, her mind, she can be trained and raised well. However, there are some disadvantages. For example, if you neglect the education of the German shepherd, it can grow aggressive, and therefore dangerous for society. Therefore, attention should be paid to the dog's training and, in any case, to walk in a muzzle and on a leash.
Important. As soon as you acquire a puppy of a German shepherd, you must immediately show who is the owner and not let the descent, otherwise you will hardly be able to raise a dog.
Also among the minuses extraordinary activity of the German shepherd. It always needs something to occupy. If she feels little attention, boredom and laze, then her behavior can be very spoiled. Therefore, if you are a homebody and do not like to move actively, you should choose a dog of a different breed.
Knitting German Shepherd: Required Requirements
German Shepherds are allowed to mate, like dogs of other breeds, from 2 years. For the selection of a partner (partner) it is better to contact the German Shepherd Club. There you need to bring the documents of your pet, and you will pick up a good pair. However, this can be done independently, for example, via the Internet.
With an independent search, pay attention to the appearance of the dog, and its dimensions, as well as documents. Be sure to specify when the last time was mated (the less often it occurs, the better). It is better to make a mating on the territory of the dog, so he feels more confident.
Only those representatives of the breed are allowed to mate who have all the necessary tests passed and an assessment has been obtained at the exhibition.
In order for offspring to receive documents, it is necessary to prepare documents and pass some tests for dogs' health, namely:
- certificate of origin (RKF, FCI, AKC, KC, CKC, NZ, ANKC),
- the exterior rating is not lower than “very good” at the official certificate exhibition of the RKF, or the ICF (FCI) (you need the original diploma),
- passing tests on training (any type recognized by the RKF: OKD, ZKS, KS, KD, IPO 1-3, IPO-FH, IPO-ZTP),
- certificate of research HD (degrees A, B or C),
- it is necessary to check for ticks, fleas, worms and, if necessary, treat dogs,
- all vaccinations must be indicated.
How to choose a German Shepherd puppy, kennels and prices
First of all, get a puppy from a breeder who specializes in this particular dog breed. It is important to pay attention to his credibility, how many years he has been doing this. This is very important, because a good breeder and he takes care of that he bought a good puppy. That is why good specialists in dogs eat well, they are properly cared for.