Hungarian mangalica was bred - as can be judged by the name - in Hungary, by crossing half-wild Carpathian pigs Bakonyi and Szalontai with Mediterranean Sumadia. The main distinguishing feature of the breed is the presence of a rather thick long wool curling in winter. The purpose of the crossing was the breeding of the most adapted to difficult weather conditions and unpretentious in eating the animal.
Officially, the Hungarian mangalica breed was registered in 1830. Around this time, it was forbidden to cross it with other species of pigs. Violations are even punishable by law. Unfortunately, in the middle of the last century, this wonderful breed was almost completely bred. This was due to a sharp increase in imports to Hungary of foreign early ripening meat species of pigs. However, the Hungarian mangalica was not completely forgotten. Thanks to the efforts of VNIISK specialists, the breed was successfully restored. Hungarian breeders didn’t even have to cross with any other pig species. To restore the population, the piglets of one of the half-feral herds of mangalites were simply captured. After six months of fattening, the live weight of the pigs reached about 350 kg. Some specimens fed up weight even in 500 kg. With all this, the animals completely preserved the genes of the old original breed. Events were held on the revival in the 80s of the last century.
Hungarian mangalica pigs were brought to Russia in large quantities immediately. Initially, it was bred in the Moscow region and in the North Caucasus. Now this breed in our country is becoming increasingly popular. As for foreign countries, it has spread in Spain, England, Hungary and Ukraine.
Characteristics of the breed
As already mentioned, the main distinguishing feature of the exterior of these pigs is the presence of wool. Other features include not too great fertility (4-5 pigs in offspring), phenomenal unpretentiousness in food and the most delicious, in comparison with any other breeds, meat. The latter characteristic is the main reason for the popularity of this species. Most varieties of mangalica shed. The piglets on the back clearly visible longitudinal strips, because of what they are very much like wild hogs.
Adult Hungarian mangalica breeds (photo confirm this) have short legs and a big belly. The constitution and the backbone of these pigs are strong and well developed. Females reach sexual maturity by the end of the first year. Pregnancy can last 116-120 days.
Currently, only two types of pigs are bred - meat and greasy. Hungarian mangalica belongs to the second group. Her meat is very juicy, with fatty layers. Growth in young pretty fast. At the age of 8 months, pigs already have about 5 cm of subcutaneous fat (fat). By 10 months this layer reaches 9 cm.
Mangalica meat is considered a delicacy and, among other things, is distinguished by its presentation. Because of the interlayers of fat, it looks "marble." In Europe, recently actively switching to natural products, it is very much appreciated. Meanwhile, at the age of six months, the piglets of the Hungarian mangalica already weigh about 70 kg. And it is almost on the grassland stern.
In Spain, many farmers keep these pigs on a specially designed diet, one of the components of which are acorns. Subsequently, a very popular and expensive dish is cooked from meat - dried ham Jamon. Only one kilogram of this product costs 4 thousand rubles. The leg is first dried, and then dried in the shade in hot weather - in the hot wind.
Due to the presence of mangalica wool Hungarian can be kept on the range and in summer and winter. In the warm season, the “fur coat” saves the animal from insects, in the cold - from frost. However, more often in winter this pig is still kept in closed, unheated sheds. But if you breed mangalits in the same way as ordinary pigs - without walking at all, their wool does not grow. Vaccinated pigs of this breed do not.
How to feed
Another feature of these animals is omnivorous. On a pasture, a Hungarian mangalica pig feeds on the remains of harvested fields, reeds, acorns, grass (even very hard), algae, and digs up roots. You can feed animals with beets, zucchini, carrots, potatoes, etc. These corn ears are very fond of these pigs. Experienced mangalica farmers do not advise giving them too much food. This is especially true for piglets. From overfeeding babies can even die. And there is no sense in extra expenses. With a minimum amount of feed, these pigs can gain up to 700 g of weight per day.
Piglets can be fed from 3-5 days of life roasted barley and liquid mash. It is very good to give pigs chalk, red clay and bone meal. Of course, water must be available to animals constantly. Independently gnawing vegetables and fruit piglets begin at three weeks of age. Their stripes disappear about a month after their birth. At the same time, they can be separated from the mother. Tails pigs do not stop.
Hungarian mangalitsa: reviews
Our farmers have a very good opinion about this breed. The unpretentiousness of animals in food and the absence of the need to equip a pigsty with heating equipment are especially appreciated.
The business of breeding mangalits is considered profitable, not only because of the rapid growth and tasty, well-divergent meat. Grow these pigs and for sale. Since the Hungarian mangalica (photos of the breed can be seen on the page) in our country is not too common, and the climatic conditions for it are suitable well, snapping up the pigs very willingly.
Of course, experienced livestock breeders are advised to acquire young stock only in farms that enjoy a good reputation. Pigs of the Hungarian down mangalica are worth about 15 thousand rubles.
Farmers speak very well about the nature of the animals we are considering. These pigs are very benevolent, both in relation to their owners, and to other living creatures in the compound.
Abroad, sometimes there are not too flattering reviews about mangalitsy. However, they are mainly associated with ignorance of the characteristics of the breed and risky acquisitions of young stock from dubious sellers. The fact is that some unscrupulous farmers are engaged in crossing wild boars with ordinary pigs, after which they give out piglets for the offspring of mangalits. Such animals very slowly gain weight, their meat is tough, and their character is aggressive.
Currently, only three main varieties of mangalits are officially registered - blond (szoke), red (vurus) and swallow (fecskehasb). Farmers distinguish the so-called “black wolf” as a separate group. However, the origin of this species among breeders raises some doubts.
Blond at the moment - the most common species of breed. Wool in these pigs can take on different shades - from grayish-white to yellowish-red. These pigs are subject to seasonal molting. At this time, their pigmented skin is clearly visible through the heavily thinned hair. The hooves, mouth, rim of the nose and nipples in blondes are black. The ears and head of the mangalits of this variety are of medium size, and the patch in profile is slightly curved. Another distinctive feature is the tail thickened at the base with a white tassel at the end. Eyebrows and eyelashes in szoke black. Mangalica sows of the Hungarian varieties of blond have 5 nipples on both sides.
There are some undesirable in terms of the purity of the breed signs - pink or light skin on the abdomen, white color, dark tips of hair, ears covered with dark bristles. Absolutely unacceptable are non-stained or spotted wool, white specks on the skin and pink nipples.
The main advantage of this group of mangalits is considered to be high fecundity. One sow usually brings 8-10 piglets. These individuals also gain weight faster than others. Their coat is dark red, and pigs grow very large. A variety was developed in Hungary, in the east of the Great Plain.
This group was obtained in the south of Croatia. The bristles of the swallows are black and rather short. On the bottom of the croup from the neck to the abdomen - white or silver.
Interesting about the breed
In the homeland of Mangalitsa - in Hungary - the festival devoted to it is annually held. Its participants present to the attention of the public products made from the meat of these pigs. It can be salami, sausages, famous Hungarian bacon and, of course, various kinds of smoked meats.
Export of pigs of this breed outside the country for the purpose of breeding is strictly prohibited. Nevertheless, the Hungarian mangalica in some incomprehensible way, quite widely spread in the surrounding countries. However, the ban of the Hungarians still affected the cost of these pigs. Pay for their tender meat or young animals will have a lot.
As you can see, the Hungarian mangalica is an unusually interesting breed, and its breeding, quite possibly, will become a profitable business. Of course, the piglets are not cheap, but in the farms involved in their breeding, orders are currently scheduled for a long time ahead, which indicates the growing popularity of these unpretentious exotic pigs- “sheep”.
Mangalica pigs are famous for their original appearance. The highlight of this breed is the presence of wool and the so-called “Wellman spot” with a diameter of about 5–6 cm, which is located on the edge of the right ear.
Sow and newborn pig breed of Hungarian mangalitsa
They were bred artificially in 1833 when they crossed a domestic boar and a wild sow. Due to this, the pig breed mangalitsa is characterized by increased resistance to the effects of severe weather conditions, rapid weight gain and endurance.
Representatives of the species have medium body size and a strong, powerful body. A distinctive characteristic of mangalits is the ability to change coat color depending on conditions of keeping and feeding. Hair color can vary from snow white to dark gray and brown. The skin of sows and boars is well pigmented, dark in color. The nipples on the body are painted black or gray.
1-2 weeks after purchase and transfer to a new location, the pig may be under stress, so its color will be white. After the animal has mastered and gets used, the color will become darker and more pronounced.
During the year, the type of wool can vary - in winter, pigs with braziers acquire curl with thick hairs, and molt for the summer, leaving only a short and hard undercoat. In the warm season, the animal has a darker and more saturated color. In the case when it is poorly fed, or taken care of, the process of molting can be delayed for a long time.
The head of the mangalitsa is proportional to the size of the body, and the tip of the snout is slightly bent upwards. The back should be slightly arched, or straight. Auricles are medium in size, lean forward. A characteristic pedigree characteristic of downy mangalits is coal-black eyebrows, eyes and eyelashes, as well as a soft white bristle tassel at the tip of the tail. Sows should have no more than 10 nipples.
Criteria for breed marriage:
- Too thick, thin, or spun in ringlets,
- Pink, or white skin on the belly,
- The absence of "Wellman's Spot"
- Dark hairs on the ears,
- White tips on wool.
There are four main types of Hungarian pigs: white, black, red and mixed. The most common color is white wool, and red and mixed is much less popular among livestock breeders. Black breed brazier is extremely rare in the household and almost disappeared.
Mangalitsa red color
These animals are very hardy and insensitive to adverse weather conditions. The average weight that a boar reaches in its entire life can be 250–270 kg. Sows have a smaller size and weight, their weight reaches 230--250 kg.
In order for the boar to gain a large muscle and fat mass, it must be castrated 1–2 months after birth.
Another indisputable advantage is the rapid weight gain with low feed intake. For the first year of life, piglets of the brazier breed can gain 150–170 kg of live weight.
Sow and Grown Piglets Hungarian Mangalitsa
The meat of the mangalica breed is considered to be very valuable, is easily absorbed in the body and has excellent taste. It is distinguished by its special tenderness and richness, and it looks like marble.
The best way of harvesting meat mangalits - dry. In the process of cooking, it becomes a real delicacy.
Thanks to the long and thick wool, sows and boars can be kept in an open pen all year round. They are insensitive to temperature fluctuations and any weather conditions.
Due to the presence of Mangaliz wool, they can be kept round in the open pen
If pigs live indoors all the time, their wool does not grow.
Breed of pigs Hungarian mangalitsa is omnivorous. The list of their favorite feed includes pumpkin, pulp, potatoes, corn, but they can eat any vegetation. They are extremely unpretentious, so their diet can be a variety of waste, roots, grass, weeds, reeds, and even algae. In order for the animal to be healthy, it should be given balanced and enriched with minerals and vitamins feed: roots, bagasse, potatoes, fodder beet, grains and legumes.
It is important not to overfeed the animal, from this it can even get sick and die prematurely. The biggest advantage of mangalits is a high daily weight gain - 600–700 grams, even with a fairly meager diet.
Feeding the piglets
In a week, newborn piglets of mangalitsa can be fed with steamed liquid bran, or roasted barley. As an additional source of minerals can be given salt-lizunets, bone meal, chalk, or red clay. Young animals can be converted to solid food one month after birth. Experienced breeders recommend not to stop their tails. You can start the sale immediately after the piglets of the Hungarian downy mangalitsa will switch to coarse succulent feed.
Pigs of Hungarian mangalitsa breed are advised not to stop their tails.
The origin of the breed
The merit of the deduction of the Hungarian mangalica belongs to the Archduke Joseph. In 1830, he received as a gift a dozen sows and two boars of semi-wild Serbian pigs, which marked the beginning of a new breed.
By crossing the obtained breeding material with Carpathian and Mediterranean breeds, reed pigs from the southeastern region of Hungary, the Hungarian pig-breeders by 1860 formed a new greasy breed of curly-haired pigs - the Hungarian mangalica.
In contrast to their ancestors, distinguished by hard, fibrous meat, low in fat, the mangalites fed on marble bacon, which had remarkable taste. The love of the then gourmets for fatty sorts of pork, ham and sausages also played into the rapid spread of the Hungarian breed. Hungarian pig meat was the most popular on the European market until the 1950s.
Then the taste preferences of Europeans changed, and the rapid development of the meat industry of pig breeding began. Early pigs with lean meat ousted mangalitsa, the number of Hungarian pigs has decreased dramatically. But already in the 90s of the last century, manufacturers of pork delicacies faced the problem of a shortage of raw materials for the production of high-quality products, in particular for jamon and lomo.
Woolen pigs of the Mangalica breed in Hungary are equated to the national cultural heritage and protected by law.
Spaniards began to revive mangalitsa. Jamones Segovia, S.A., which produces meat delicacies, has developed and successfully implemented a plan to restore the Hungarian pig. Currently, Jamones Segovia is the only company with three subspecies of mangalica and owning enough livestock for the industrial production of ham under the brand name “Mangalica”.
Since the beginning of the 2000s, a number of legislative acts have been issued in Hungary, which equate mangalite to Hungarians, a national treasure, and work is underway to restore and popularize the breed.
They show interest in breeding mangalits in the UK and Ukraine. In Russia, Hungarian pigs, due to the rarity and high cost of breeding material, are few. В немногочисленных хозяйствах производят небольшое количество мяса для элитных ресторанов, выращивают поросят для продажи на племенное разведение.
Описание и характеристика породы с фотографиями
Благодаря месту происхождения и своеобразному внешнему виду мангалица (мangalitza) имеет множество названий — шерстистая, овечья, пуховая, мохнатая, кудрявая, курчавая, венгерская, мангалицкая свинья.
Important.Hungarian mangalica is one of the highly productive butcher-breeds of pigs.
Mangalitsa are medium sized animals with strong light bones and a dense constitution. Limbs strong, short, with developed, stiff black hooves. Downy mangalitsa has bulky chest, big belly, medium or long groin. The back is even, sometimes with a slight deflection. Sows have no more than 10 nipples.
The head is of medium length with a curved snout, rather large ears oriented forward.
Color depends on the subspecies of the breed. Eyes, eyebrows, eyelashes, snout, lips, nipples, anus and the inner side of the tail are necessarily black. The brush thickened at the base of the tail is white.
The description of the breed will not be complete without mention of the coat. The body of Hungarian pigs is covered with a soft, thick, long bristles and a soft underspin. The fur resembling astrakhan fur protects animals grazing on free-range runs from the cold of winter, wind and rain.
Downy pigs are subject to seasonal molting. With the onset of heat, the undercoat disappears and the bristles straighten.
The body of Hungarian pigs is covered with a soft, thick, long bristles and a soft underspin.
The characteristic distinguishing feature of the purebred mangalica is the presence of the Wellman spot. This is a bright mark at the base of the ear with a diameter of 3-5 cm.
The characteristic of productive qualities given in reference books is the following:
- the average live weight of a sow is 160–200 kg, the boar is 200–300 kg, the record weight is 500 kg,
- for half a year the youngsters gain weight up to 70 kg,
- the average weight gain is 0.6-0.7 kg per day,
- a layer of bacon from 55 mm to 65 mm.
The white subspecies (szoke) is the most common. About 80% of the total mangalica population is white with a distinctive dark rim around the eyes and piglet.
White color of wool can have various shades - light gray, light fawn, fawn-yellow, fawn-red.
About 80% of the total population of Hungarian mangalicans are white.
Red and black mangalitsa
For the breeding of the red variety, white mangalicans were crossed with another aboriginal Hungarian szalontai. Red down pigs are larger than the relatives of a different color, they are characterized by a higher growth rate.
Hungarian red and black pigs are few and officially recognized as an endangered subspecies. Currently, red and black Hungarian pigs are not allowed to be sold to private individuals.
Mixed-colored mangalits are called fecskehas. Their ancestors were white mangalitsa and pigs of the Sirmium breed. On the back and sides of the swallows, the coat is black. The belly, lower body, lower jaw are white, yellowish or silver gray.
According to the descriptions of breeders of the early twentieth century, mixed-colored pigs were larger and more powerful than white relatives. Now this breed quality is lost and the swallows do not differ in size from the white mangalitz, and often are inferior to them in weight. Swallows have coarser and short bristles. They are considered the hardiest among the varieties of Hungarian pigs.
In mangalitsa, the main color of the swallows is black, and the lower part of the body has a white, yellowish or silver color.
Conditions of detention
Initially, Hungarian pigs were nomadic. In the summer, herds of mangalites grazed freely in the forests and meadows, in the winter they were transferred to primitive shelters located not far from the range. Pigs protected by frost and heat throughout the year independently obtained food for themselves throughout the year.
Nowadays there are three main types of mangalica content:
- Natural or open content type. It is most suitable for down pigs. Pigs are kept in pasture and in pens on the street. Young animals are kept together with adult pigs, even small pigs are not transferred to the enclosed area.
- Closed. Standard way of life of animals in large pig farms. Pigs are kept year-round in the room. With this type of content many of the advantages of the Hungarian breed are leveled. For high-quality meat requires a specially selected diet, which significantly increases the cost of feed. Unmet need for movement often leads to obesity. With constant life in the pigsty mangalitsy lose their coat.
- Mixed type most often used for the maintenance of productive sows. Cold-hoofed animals wait in the stable, with the advent of pasture they are transferred to street pens and pastures.
When choosing a place for content, several rules are followed:
- for any type of content, the pen and the crib are lined with deep straw bedding, which is changed as necessary, but not less than 2 times a week,
- for the winter in a pen they set up a stack, serving as a refuge in bad weather,
- artificial grasslands are sown with grass and fenced, restricting access to stray dogs, other cattle,
- on canoes they install canopies from the sun and precipitation, provide constant access to water,
- the temperature in the pigsty in the frost should not fall below 15-16 ° C.
Important. When fattening mangalits for ecologically pure meat, EU regulations on the production of organic products take into account. On one hectare of the area we will allow the feeding of no more than 14 pigs, 6 sows or 74 heads of young stock.
Feeding Hungarian Mangalis
Mangalitsy belong to the herbivorous breeds of pigs. They have enough grass to feed in summer and hay in winter, which makes growing these pigs a highly profitable business.
Hungarian mangalitsa - herbivorous pigs.
Natural, wet foods are added as feed: root crops, acorns, chestnuts, corn cobs, pumpkin and legumes, raw potatoes, oil cakes, bran, bard, weeds, food waste, silage, shrubs and trees, algae, cane. Do not disdain omnivorous animals with fish, frogs, insects, snails, worms.
Red clay, chalk, bone meal must be introduced into the diet. In winter, 70% -80% of the menu is made up of moist natural foods, which are complemented by hay, grain, chestnuts, acorns, hazel, bran, farinaceous meat.
30 days before the slaughter of animals, they begin to give 300 g of grain per individual per day.
Hungarian pigs are prone to obesity, overfeeding them should not be. When growing mangalitsa do not use artificial additives, chemicals and growth stimulants.
Reference. In the early twentieth century, schemes were developed for intensive fattening of mangalits with wheat, barley, and natural additives. If you follow a special diet, achieve a uniform formation of fatty layers and increase in live weight of pigs up to 500 kg.
Breeding curly pig breeds
Cultivation of curly pigs is almost the same as breeding pigs of other breeds:
- mangalica reach full maturity 12 months after birth,
- fertility is low: in the first farrowing, from 4 to 6 babies, the number of piglets can increase in the future,
- the birth of ten or more piglets is considered atypical and undesirable for high-breed animals,
- before farrowing, the sow is transferred to a dry warm room,
- the umbilical cord is cut, the wound is treated with a solution of iodine or amoxicillin from the umbilical infection,
- Newborn wiped and enclosed to the mother.
Immediately after farrowing, the litter must be removed and the floor swept. If this is not done, the pig can eat the newborn piglets.
Hungarian mangalits rarely give birth to more than 10 piglets.
Care for the young
Care for piglets is simple. It is only necessary to follow some simple rules and know how to feed the pigs:
- like piglets of other breeds, small curly pigs, in order to avoid anemia and rickets, for 1-5 day after birth pierce a course of iron-containing drugs (suiferrovit, feroglyukin, ferrodex),
- on the fourth day, the babies are biting on two canines above and below, otherwise they will injure the mother’s nipples,
- in the first days, the ration consists of mother's milk, for 3-5 days additional supplements are introduced - liquid mash, peas, roasted barley, corn, wheat,
- in 3-4 weeks of age, the piglets begin to give vegetables and fruits,
- when the babies disappear characteristic "boar" strips of their weaned from the mother,
- tails do not stop,
- 1-2 weeks piglets not intended for breeding, having an inguinal hernia, castrated.
Important. Mangalitz has a powerful natural immunity. Adult animals and piglets do not need vaccinations. Mandatory only antiparasitic prophylaxis.
Hungarian Mangalica Meat and Fat
Mangalica meat belongs to the delicious exclusive elite varieties:
Mangalica meat is distinguished by a delicate marble structure.
- it is distinguished by high fat infiltration into muscle tissue and, as a result, a delicate marble structure,
- has a higher percentage of unsaturated acids, iron, zinc, vitamins A and B², thanks to which it is easily digested and absorbed,
- different low cholesterol
- treats products anticarcinogens, normalizing metabolic processes in the body.
The taste of meat is unique. It is described as tender, soft, juicy, melting in the mouth, fragrant. Subjected to drying for 18–20 months, the meat of Hungarian pigs turns into the famous ham, the cost of which starts from 4,000 rubles per kilogram.
Advantages and disadvantages of the breed
Among the undoubted advantages of the breed:
- Ease of maintenance and care.
- High immunity, which allows not to make mandatory vaccinations, course injections of antibiotics.
- Endurance, adaptability to the harsh natural conditions.
- Cheapness of feed.
- Calm, balanced temperament. Attachment to the house.
- Demand for products.
- The high cost and small number of breeding material.
- Long puberty. Low fertility rates.
- The need for extensive pasture.
In the video, the farmer shares his experience of growing and breeding Hungarian mangalicans in his farm.
Reviews breeders and farmers
Karina. We acquired with great difficulty three pigs and three pigs. We were looking for real breeders for a long time, we were warned by many that a lot of hybrids sell under the guise of feathers. Miracle, what a pig. Hard grass grind like cows, roots. And we do without a barn. The fence set.
Vladimir. Next year we are going to buy more. Amusing they, such balls fur on legs. Frisky, funny, and meat. Fat and meat is just a masterpiece. Even selling a pity.
Maksim. It's just a godsend for Siberia! They graze themselves, our frosts stand, they run to feed as soon as they knock on the bucket from any place. My wife is just fascinated! Asks for more piglets to bring. Probably agree, although a little expensive.
Hungarian Mangalitsa: features and characteristics of the breed
Hungarian Mangalitsa breeders are sometimes referred to as a wild pig, because it was bred by crossing a wild boar with a domestic pig. The breed is not very common in the world (amateur breeders are interested in it more), which cannot be said about the “homeland” of the breed - Hungary, where everything is exactly the opposite.
Attention! In the 19th century, the demand for this breed was very high, but in recent years it has slept and this is due, primarily, to the fact that a hundred years ago the fat, ham and bacon were especially valued (these products, made from Mangalitsa, are very are good). Now the consumer gives preference to pork.
Due to the unusual appearance of the breed can not be confused with any other: its curly thick coat immediately "signals" about who is in front of you. Pigs of breed Hungarian Mangalitsa have a strong average growth a framework. The pig's coat is quite dense and in the cold season it perfectly protects it from hypothermia. By the way, in winter, Mangalitsa is easily confused with a sheep. As soon as stable and stable weather sets in, the undercoat disappears and the bristles look like fluffy little rings of wool.
The head of a pig is not very big, with ears pointing forward. Eyes, eyebrows and eyelashes have a black color.
Hungarian mangalitsa is conditionally divided into 4 types depending on the color:
- White. More than 80% of the representatives of the breed belong to this species. Distinctive appearance - dark spots on the skin around the eyes and piglet.
- Red / Black. Endangered species that are currently under restoration. Accordingly, it is practically impossible to find them in “pure” form.
- Mixed. This variety is grown mainly for sale. Mixed species is a hybrid of Mangalitsa and any other breed, which, when bred in its pure form, can reduce the productivity indicators.
Inheritance of the species under consideration is distinguished by a fairly large live weight - adults can reach 300 kg. Even one-year-old piglets weigh not so little - about 150-160 kg.
Thanks to the genetic memory of its wild ancestors that remained in the pig, the piglets Mangalitsa are born striped.
Among the advantages of the breed are the following characteristics:
- High endurance. These pigs absolutely calmly endure long walks, and long grazing will only benefit them.
- Excellent memory. Pigs can easily find their way home and grazing, so you can safely grow them in large groups.
- Strong immunity. Representatives of the breed extremely rarely get sick, so the percentage of reduction in livestock rarely exceeds the minimum figures.
- Unpretentiousness to the conditions of detention and feed. Due to this characteristic, the breed is very easy to grow at minimal cost.
Among the disadvantages of the breed, there are moments that are more related not to the characteristics of the pigs, but to the conditions of their keeping:
- For breeding breed requires high quality and large enough grazing.
- Breed is quite expensive to purchase.
- Late maturity of the young.
Subtleties of care and content
The breed is ideal for growing in private households, since it is not afraid (as it was said before), it is unpretentious and very enduring in caring. The main condition for a comfortable life of pigs breed Mangalitsa - the presence of a large grazing with high-quality thick grass.
In order for the pigs to stay on the pasture only as a joy, fence a part of the pasture with a small fence in order to exclude the possibility of stray dogs getting there. Also, it does not hurt to install a small canopy there, where animals could hide from the scorching sun.
For wintering pigs will need high-quality and warm pigsty with fresh bedding, where it will be convenient to live. Although it is known for a long time about one particularity of the breed: Mangalitsa can overwinter even in a haystack, you should not try this option in practice.
Meat Mangalitsy different unusual taste and spicy aroma. Not for nothing is it made from it the famous Spanish jamon (dried pork ham), which stands out for a considerable price. The meat of Mangalitsa is also actively purchased by expensive restaurants: due to the presence of greasy veins (the so-called marble meat), it is convenient to use it for the preparation of various delicacies.
In order for the meat of the pigs to really have the “same” taste, animals should be fed with high quality (although Mangalitsa will gain weight very well, even if there is only pastures in the diet).
In the diet of pigs must necessarily contain a large amount of juicy grass (which will ensure good grazing) and fiber. The latter can provide pigs, adding to the diet of bran, bagasse, chestnuts and acorns.
As an additional "goodies" you can add zucchini, pumpkin, potatoes (both raw and boiled), turnips, sugar beets, etc. to the diet.
Pay special attention to the arrangement of the drinker, because the pigs need constant access to clean fresh water. Accordingly, water should be changed frequently.
The cultivation of the Hungarian Mangalitsa breed in Russia is currently engaged in a considerable number of farmers. In most cases, this is done with the aim of obtaining quality stock for sale. After all, a purebred healthy pig can cost about 15,000 rubles.
But in order not to be trapped, be sure to ask the seller for a pedigree of pig. This should be done as a safety net, because the pigs of the breed in question are very rare.
It is advisable to purchase piglets at the farm for breeding these pigs, so that if you want you can see the parents of the specimen to be bought. Thus, you can be as secure as possible against the purchase of poor quality young animals.
If your goal is breeding for the purpose of earning income, be prepared for the fact that you will have to grow them more than one year, because the peak of the productivity of sows of this breed occurs only after the second farrowing.
Reviews about the breed are extremely positive. In some cases, farmers note the low fecundity of females, which can be considered either as exceptional cases or as cases when the result is the acquisition of an unbreeding animal for reproduction.
This concludes our acquaintance with an unusual and very easy-to-breed breed of pigs. Now you know what subtleties should be taken into account and what "pitfalls" to remember when breeding it. Good luck!
Breed of pigs Mangalitsa is a greasy category of pigs. Представители вышеуказанной породы показывают такие характеристики: средний размер туловища и легкий мощный костяк. Шерсть наиболее распространенной белой Мангалицы может иметь различные тона: от желто-красного до серого.Pigs and pigs of the Hungarian Mangalitsa are able to change color depending on the feeding conditions, the content and nature of the soil. Naturally, during the first few days the “painting” will not be visible, but after 1-2 weeks the color will noticeably change. Mangalitsa skin has a grayish-black tint, pigmented. The pig has black nipples.
This breed can be distinguished from others on the basis of some external signs, the main of which is the Wellman's Spot. This is a bright spot, the diameter of which is about 4-5 centimeters, with a smooth transition. The above distinctive feature is on the bottom edge of the often right ear.
Hungarian Mangalitsa has long and thick hair in pigs. In winter, it curls a bit, and in summer it is straight, short and thick. Curly wool is also regarded as a distinctive breed trait. At the same time, hard straight bristles or wool curled into rings are undesirable. Overly thin wool is also not welcome. Another quality characteristic of Mangalits is seasonal moulting. This process is very noticeable on curly and thick winter wool.
Pigs that are in good conditions and the diet of which contains many nutritious vitamins and minerals shed thick wool in the spring. Summer wool is short, in turn, straight and has no complicated structure. The dark, pigmented undercoat under fine hairs is more noticeable, therefore in summer the animals have a darker color. If a pig is sick or poorly fed, it can shed winter wool long enough. It is because of this that in the summer you can also meet Mangalitsas with curly thick hair.
The head is of medium length, and the nose is slightly bent. Mangaliz’s ears are pointing forward and are of medium size, and the eyebrows, eyes and eyelashes are black. The base of the tail is thick in most cases, and the tassel on the tip of the tail is white. Mangaliz can have no more than 10 nipples. The line of the back is slightly curved or straight. The inguinal region is of medium or small length.
The original product of the work of breeders was downy Mangalice four colors: white, black, red and mixed. According to preliminary data, white Hungarian Mangalitsa is currently the most popular. Mixed and red breeds are less popular. Soon the red and mixed species will have to be entered into the Red Book, because their population is decreasing annually. Black Mangalitsa can be seen only in old photos, because over the past 10-20 years they have completely disappeared.
Natural selection made from these pigs "pros" for survival. They can live freely in almost any weather conditions. The maximum weight of the adult Hungarian Mangalitsa boar breed is approximately 300 kilograms, and sows - 240 kilograms. According to the pig breeders, sows reach sexual maturity by the first year of their lives. The first litter, in most cases, does not bear large fruits, but the subsequent "recoup". For the first time, a sow can give birth to no more than 7 pigs, however, for the second pregnancy - 10-12 pigs.
Mangaliz meat is a dietary delicacy, because it looks like marble and contains many substances that are useful to the human body. Meat dishes from Hungarian Mangalits get very juicy and tender. The main reason for this is undermining the fat in the layer during the cooking process.
The breed of pigs Mangalitsa, due to the presence of wool, can be kept in the pen, both in summer and in winter. The wool coat in the warm time saves the animal from insects, and in the cold - from frost. At the same time, representatives of the above breed are often kept precisely in closed barns. If Mangaliz breed without walking, like ordinary pigs, then they do not grow wool.
For Hungarian Mangalits it is practically not important in which conditions they are contained, since they adapt very quickly to almost any conditions. Pigs do not require additional feeding or pasture. May be kept both outdoors and indoors. At the same time, one should not forget that poor housing conditions have a negative impact on most of the qualities of pigs, such as fruitfulness and others. You should not make luxury apartments for pigs - a small walk on the street and vegetables are enough for them.
One of the main distinguishing qualities of animals of this breed is omnivorous. Representatives of this Hungarian pork breed see everything in the role of food: remnants from harvested fields, acorns, can eat reeds, grass, algae and other things. At the same time, we should not forget that the diet of the Hungarian Mangalitsa should include foods that provide the body with essential nutrients, vitamins and minerals. Animals prefer to eat zucchini, beetroot, potatoes and carrots. Also pigs love corn cobs. Experienced breeders who are engaged in breeding Mangaliz, warned: do not give them too much food. This is especially true for young stock. From overfeeding piglets can even die. If you look at this breed from an economic point of view, it is very profitable, because it does not require a large amount of feed. Even with minimal expenditure on feed, these pigs can gain 0.6-0.7 kilograms per day.
Pigs can begin to feed already from 3-5 days of life liquid mash or roasted barley. It would also be nice to give the pigs red clay, bone meal or chalk. Pigs of Hungarian downy Mangalitsa begin to gnaw fruits and vegetables on their own at the age of 3-4 weeks. During the first month of their life, the stripedness disappears in piglets and during this period they must be weaned from the sow. Do not offspring offspring offspring is not worth it. On the sale of pigs, you can start thinking about a month after birth.
Reviews of the above breed among farmers are very good. According to them, the greatest advantage of representatives of this breed is the unpretentiousness of animals to the conditions of detention and food. Cultivation of downy Mangalits is a very profitable business, as the pigs gain weight very quickly. Since the Hungarian Mangalitsa breed of pigs in our country is a rather rare phenomenon, and the pigs themselves perfectly adapt to any climate, piglets are in great demand.
Cattle breeders say that young stock is worth buying only in farms that have good authority. The price of a pair of piglets Hungarian downy Mangalitsa is about 15 thousand Russian rubles.
At the same time, farmers also speak well of the character of Mangalits. Pigs are benevolent towards man and the rest of the living creatures with which they “meet” in the yard. Some farmers in their reviews joked that Mangalitsis can be easily confused with sheep.