Unpretentious and hardy hunter, wary of strangers. Used for burrowing fox, badger, raccoon dog. Irreplaceable jagdteriere in the search and supply of black birds from the water and work on ungulates.
History and standard
Jagdterrier breed is still quite young - she is not even 100 years old. The ancestors of these dogs were German and English Fox Terriers. At the beginning of the last century, a group of hunters and enthusiasts decided to create an ideal burrow breed of dogs.
At the beginning of the experiment, German purebred black and light English fox terriers were mixed. Black and tan puppies were born. At the next stage, the selection was headed by Dr. Herbert Lackner.
As a result of serious breeding and successful crossbreeding with Old English Terriers and Welsh Terriers, a black and tan terrier was born in 1925, which had a powerful hunting instinct and excellent working qualities. The dog was distinguished by courage, pressure, fighting spirit. However, she was surprisingly balanced and faithful. Breed received name jagdterrier (German jagdterrier).
In 1926, the first German club of animal lovers was registered. The breed was officially recognized in 1981. At the same time, an international standard was developed.
A small muscular dog with a slightly elongated format, a dry and strong build, a dense bones and an elongated head.
Growth of an adult individual is not more than 40 cm (males) and 38 cm (females). Weight - from 8 to 11 kg.
Jagdterrier (photo of which you see in our article) has a thick, even and rather coarse coat, with a dense undercoat. There are two types of animals — smooth and hard-haired.
These varieties differ only in the quality of the scalp, and therefore are considered one breed. Hard-haired individuals have longer hair on their ears and paws, in addition, they have a beard.
The standard allowed three color: dark brown, black and gray-black with tan. A few years ago, the standard allowed the brown and tan color, but today such animals are not allowed for breeding. Despite this, puppies with such a fur coat are occasionally born. Animals have strong bones, powerful musculature.
Wool and care for her
Regardless of the type of dog's coat, it perfectly protects the animal from the weather. Smooth-haired Jagd Terrier has a short, smooth and tight-lying coat. In a hard-haired animal, it is longer, but likewise fits tightly to the body. It is necessary to highlight one more subspecies - the coarse jagdter. Characteristics of the breed applies to it in full. Except for wool. It has two layers. Upper - very dense and in its structure resembling a wire. A very dense and short undercoat - this is the second layer. The fur on the face is longer, it creates the eyebrows and beard that are typical for this breed.
Dog jagdterrier needs regular combing (at least once a week).
This is a completely fearless and determined dog. Nature rewarded her with an aggressive attitude toward predators and burrowing animals. Jagdterrier, the photo of which can be found only in special cynological editions so far, has a rather complex character. He is distinguished by inflexibility and will, his temper is rather severe. Dogs are very wary of strangers, but they are not shy and do not show unjustified aggression. His work (hunting) is very loved and received from her true pleasure.
Jagdterrier, the characteristic of the breed of which positions him as a very severe creature, is attached to his master with his whole soul, becomes infinitely loyal to him. They defiantly ignore the rest of the family members.
Dog jagdterrier can be very stubborn, but it is always agile, full of life, extremely energetic, sociable with the owner.
Jagdterrier, reviews of which are rather contradictory, can get along with children. This happens only if they do not offend the animal and do not bother with excessive attention. Since this dog has the strongest hunting instinct, relationships with other pets somehow do not add up. From this it follows that these animals need socialization, and at an early age, and systematic training. In the absence of education and proper control are prone to vagrancy.
Yagdterrier - real hunters. They are distinguished by a subtle flair and boundless courage. This is a difficult dog that needs strict education. It is not suitable for a novice dog breeder.
Jagdterrier is famous not only for its outstanding hunting characteristics. Characteristics of the breed testifies to his magnificent guard instincts.
Jagdterrier, whose price is quite high, is naturally endowed with good health. It is impossible, of course, to exclude injuries on the hunt or during sports. But this is not insured, and representatives of any other breed. In addition, the dog can get an infectious disease. For their prevention, you must follow the schedule of vaccinations.
Fortunately, these animals are practically not susceptible to genetic diseases that lead to a certain hereditary predisposition. This proves that with proper care, your pet will live quite a long time.
Maintenance and care
Jagdterrier (reviews of dog breeders convince us of this) does not require complex care. As already mentioned, once a week it is necessary to comb the dog's coat so that it does not get confused and has a beautiful and healthy look.
It is necessary to bathe an animal in process of pollution, and also after its stay in an open reservoir. In addition, you must regularly clean the ears and teeth of the animal. In the case when the claws do not grind off, they should be trimmed.
Jagd terrier needs significant daily physical exertion. He feels more comfortable in a large yard, where a dog could independently run as much as he needs. When kept in an apartment, the animal becomes restless and very restless. In addition to freedom of movement, the jagdterrier needs attention and love.
We should not forget that in the first place it is a hunting dog. It works well in burrows by badger, fox, raccoon, it easily “lifts up” the beast, it works great in water, by boar, by blood trace.
With proper training, the jagdterier performs all the commands, except for the stand and the adaptation of heavy game. Often these dogs give birth as pets, but this is advisable only if the owner is active, loves to travel, relax in nature.
Hunting in burrows
Basically, these dogs are used by hunters to hunt for burrows. Experienced jagdterrier crush, and then pull the prey out of the hole. When the hunt goes on a badger, you have to open a hole. And at this time the dog bawns the beast and does not give him the opportunity to dig.
Often the jagdterrier weighs two, or even three times smaller than the beast, but at the same time boldly attacks it.
This strong and hardy dog needs a dominant owner. However, it is better to refuse hard training methods. Training should be carried out firmly, consistently and fairly.
The learning is simple and very clever jagdteriere. Characteristics of the breed leads to the conclusion that these animals seek to fulfill all the requirements of the owner. They are fairly easy to adapt to any conditions, without problems, change their place of residence, feel comfortable in long hikes.
From all this, it becomes clear that the energy of these dogs is in full swing. They need considerable physical exertion. Jagdteriera should not be kept in a city apartment. It will be difficult for him to live with a lazy and sedentary owner.
Jagdterriers are omnivores, but if you want to sharpen his already developed hunting instinct, feed him with raw meat. The diet can be anything, but an adult dog should receive food twice a day. It is preferable to do this in the morning and in the evening, and the puppies of the game-terrier get food from five times a day. Gradually, by the year, the number of feedings is reduced to two.
Puppies of a yagdteriera always look like their parents, so when choosing a baby, try to get to know them. Living conditions are important, not only babies, but also adult dogs.
Ask the breeder about the puppy's psyche, his state of health. You should find out what vaccinations were given to him. If you need a good hunting companion, then you should pay attention to animals whose parents won at exhibitions and various competitions.
Puppies must be well-fed, energetic and very active. If the puppy is about one year too dry, it may mean that he may have worms. A skinny kid can form a skeleton incorrectly, which is rather difficult to recover.
Pay attention to the behavior of the little jagdteriere. If he starts to resist, actively escape from your hands, turn out, playfully attack, then you can be sure that you will grow up an excellent hunter.
According to people who have such a four-legged friend, with the right upbringing, he becomes a faithful and loyal companion, an excellent hunter. Jagdterrier, the price of which ranges from 8 to 20 thousand rubles, is a loyal and devoted creature. But remember: in the absence of socialization can be dangerous for other pets.
Characteristic breed Jagdteriera
Jagdterrier - German hunting terrier, a normal breed of dogs.
Excellent watchman, companion for the hunter and a very active person.
Brought in the 19th century in Germany, it was quite difficult to achieve the necessary qualities.
The goal of the breeders was to create a universal hunting dog with a dark color.
Different breeds were used to breed the jagdter and get the necessary hunting genes, such as the German Hound, Lakeland Terrier, Pinscher, Dachshund and Fox Terrier.
Considering that the main task was the breeding of the working breed, the appearance - the exterior, was not strictly taken into account.
There are two types:
The quality of the breed, mainly determined by the quality of performance. In this regard, it should be at a high level. This is a kind of burrow hunting dogs.
Most often, it is taken on a hunt for a fox, a boar, a hare, a badger, and a waterfowl.
Very popular in Austria and Germany.
Jagdterrier is short, well-built dog with strong, well-developed muscles.
- The head is wide and slightly flat, the transition from the forehead to the muzzle is not pronounced, smooth.
- Eyes deep set, oval, small in size, always dark.
- The ears are small, set high, elevated and triangular in shape.
- Very developed and strong jaws.
- The body is slightly extended, the neck is strong, of medium length.
- It has a strong withers and deep chest, strong and muscular back, a long, almost horizontal croup.
- Limbs muscular, strong, straight, paws of small size.
- The coat is tight to the body, hard, straight and short.
- The undercoat is quite bright, very thick.
- the black
- dark brown
- grayish black with tan
The color is tan yellow, located above the eyes, on the muzzle, under the tail and on the limbs.
A mask on the face of the animal, a dark or light color is allowed, white markings on the limbs and chest may be present.
The tail is cropped by three quarters, so that when the dog grabs the prey in the burrow, the owner can pull it out by the tail.
German Teacher Character
Character yagdteriera rather complicated. He is brave, fearless, vigilant, but often very stubborn.
This is a hurricane of energy and a perpetual motion machine, even in adulthood remains a fairly mobile dog.
Jagdterrier has good health, gets along well with children, is affectionate and playful, unpretentious in food and care, a good guard, an excellent hunter, tolerates a long journey.
In relation to strangers, the dog is often aggressively disposed, suitable as a watchdog.
Wanting to buy a jagdteriere, remember, this is not the breed that is turned up as a pet, which will be peacefully snuffling on the couch.
First of all, it is a dog-hunter, and the desire for the will in her blood. Therefore, her character is appropriate, absolutely does not like a quiet lifestyle.
Jagdterrier has a delicate instinct and vivid courage.
They are very aggressive to the beast, they can attack the neighboring cats of dogs, hunt poultry, the instinct laid down by nature for decades is almost impossible to overcome.
But timely training and rigorous upbringing can hold back the rabid energy of the yagdteriera.
Sometimes they are aggressive towards people, but these are primarily problems in education. Therefore, to acquire such a breed, should a person with a strong character, knowledgeable in dog training, or an experienced hunter who can use an animal for business, and strictly educate him.
The owner, the jagdter, is treated with devotion and respect. Recognizes only one owner. With proper education, the dog is obedient and restrained.
Caring for a toy terrier is very simple and does not require much attention. But for the health of the dog, you should monitor its coat, ears, eyes and paws.
It is desirable to bathe the German jagdteriera as needed by shampoo for short-haired breeds.
After bathing, dry the towel and ears with a towel, you can use a hairdryer, make sure that the animal is not in a draft. After swimming, walking is allowed after 2 hours (in the warm season, in the winter, bathe the dog for the night) when the ears and hair are completely dry. To speed up the drying of the ears of the jagdter, insert cotton wool into the ears and it will absorb excess moisture.
Wool, it is necessary to comb out a special brush from natural hair, or a rubber mitten 1 time per week. Wool will gain shine, clear of dust, will not tangle.
Ears regularly inspected and inspected. Pollution in the ear from dust and sulfur, clean with a damp cloth.
Ticks and fleas of the jagdteriera: Treat jagdteriera regularly with ectoparasite products (ticks, fleas, lashes). These little bugs carry a great threat to health and life.
Photo jagdterrier on the bed
Drops are applied to the area between the shoulder blades, closer to the dog's neck so that it cannot lick. Do not bathe for 10 days, do not give children to stroke throughout the day.
Considering that the dog is a hunter, it happens in the forest, runs through the bushes and dry grass, there is a huge risk of picking up a tick. Very often they are found in the ears, on the neck, under the arms, on the chest.
After the walk, be sure to inspect the entire pet, remove the tick if it is still found, and treat the affected place with iodine or hydrogen peroxide.
The eyes of the game terrier are the most sensitive area. Once every two weeks, or when souring, wipe the eyes with a soft cloth dipped in chamomile infusion, a weak tea brew or a special spray, which can be purchased at an animal store.
Claws cut with a claw cutter once a month, if they are not alone. Remember the fifth finger on the front paws, it is shorter than the others, it does not grind on its own, it can grow long and stick into the paw of an animal. Because of this, the pet begins to limp.
Inspect the paws after walking, make sure that there are no splinters, cracks and cuts.
In winter, add 1 teaspoon of sunflower oil to your diet, every day. This will help prevent cracks in the paws.
In the photo yagdterrier puppies on a lounger
For the content of the gamedog, a country house with a spacious enclosure will be ideal.
It is an active and agile dog, with which it is necessary to walk very long and long, even when kept in an aviary. While walking, it is advisable to load the jagdter with active games, long runs, and training.
Jagdteriera brought up from early childhood, when the puppy 3 - 4 months.
The breed is smart and smart, quickly begins to understand the owner and execute his commands. Very good to use the method of imitation. If possible and desired, an adult trained dog should be close by, then the jagdterrier begins to take an example from her.
During training, he must feel dominated by the host.
Stiffness in training can not be applied, but at the same time, the instructions must be firm, accurate and persistent.
If training methods are not liked by a bobbler, she will show it and show obstinate character and disobedience.
With improper and cruel upbringing, the dog may become uncontrollable or too aggressive, therefore, a great deal of attention should be paid to training.
If the upbringing is correct, the jagdterrier becomes a very loyal, friendly and obedient pet.
When keeping a jagdteriere in a city apartment, the owner must take into account all the needs and disadvantages of the breed:
- It is necessary to walk, 2 times a day, 1 - 2 hours.
- Walking, active, active with elements of training
- Do not let go of the leash, can throw under the car
- Охотиться всю жизнь на все живое, готовьтесь к неприятным сюрпризам (бросается на котов, птичек, посторонних собак)
- Может убежать из дома, или на прогулке
- Left alone at home for a long time, can spoil the property (gnaw slippers, toys, wires, etc.)
- Feed until walk
- Engage on the court, attend training sessions on frisbee, agility
Jagdterrier meals, menu for puppy
Jagdteriera can be fed dry professional food or natural food.
If this is the second option, then it is necessary that cereals, meat, and vegetables predominate in the diet. Be sure to monitor the availability of clean water to drink.
Products necessary in the diet Jagdteriera:
- Beef, beef broth (veal is better not to give, poorly absorbed, sometimes diarrhea)
- Various offal, chicken, turkey, beef
- Dairy products:
- low-fat cottage cheese up to 9% fat, otherwise put the liver to the pet)
- natural yogurt, without dyes
- puppies up to 3 months milk
- Kashi: buckwheat, millet groats, rice (with diarrhea), oatmeal
- Cartilage as a delicacy
- Seasonal vegetables and fruits
Jagdterrier: puppy feeding
Menu for puppy yagdteriera, time and frequency of feeding:
Puppy 1 - 2.5 months:
- 8 o'clock - Milk with yogurt and some honey
- 11 o'clock - Hercules, pre-soaked for the night in milk, yogurt, broth
- 2 p.m. - raw beef scalded with boiling water, boiled sea fish with raw vegetables, finely grated carrot, with vegetable, sunflower, soybean, or cornwort
- 17 h - low-fat cottage cheese, or milk with honey (1 ch. lie. per glass, it is possible with rolled oats, buckwheat)
- 20 hours - the main feeding: raw meat, scalded with boiling water, with the addition of 0.5 hours of vegetable oil. Chopped seaweed, a floor - a teaspoon of chopped seasonal greens: lettuce, parsley, celery, dandelion leaves, young nettle, wild mint.
- Twice a week yolk, dip in it raw meat.
- add garlic 2 times a week to meat with broth
Yagdteriera puppy 2.5 - 4 months:
- Feeding hours - 8, 12, 16 and 20 hours.
- Be sure to give meat and fish in the last two feeding
- Spread the milk, kefir, cereals and vegetables between morning and afternoon feeding.
- The number of additives to meat, increase to 1 - 1.5 teaspoons, depending on the weight of the dog.
Puppy yagda older than 4 months of age, fed three times a day: at 8, 14 and 20 hours. Increase the amount of food and give the meat with additives in the last - the main feeding.
Puppy after 8 months and feed an adult dog 2 times a day.
- Morning cottage cheese, cereal, vegetables
- In the evening, meat or fish with additives
Jagdterrier is the healthiest breed in the world. Throughout his life, he receives only injuries on the hunt.
Of course, he can get sick, like any animal, but plus the breed in the absence of hereditary diseases.
Symptoms resembling a disease, appear only with insufficient care of the owner.
Be sure to regularly and do anthelmintic prophylaxis (1 time in 3 months), when in contact with wild animals, this procedure is only a bolt of health.
Do not forget to vaccinate Jagdteriera on time, rabies vaccination is obligatory by law.
The specificity of the life of the game-lizard or any hunting breed is such that it is often at risk and can become infected even with an uncharacteristic disease for dogs.
You have noticed that the dog is sad, inactive, sleeps a lot, refuses to eat, be sure to show your pet to the veterinarian. The specialist will diagnose and prescribe treatment, the main thing is that it becomes timely.
Origins of Toy Terriers
About this breed we can say that it is relatively young, because these dogs appeared less than a hundred years ago. The ancestors of the jagdterrier are the English and German fox terriers. The history of the breed began in the 20s of the 20th century, when a small company of enthusiasts took up the restoration of the working qualities of the once popular fox terrier dogs. The main goal of the work was the creation of ideal hunters.
At the beginning of the activity, the mix touched various Fox Terriers, Germans with black color and English with light wool were taken. As a result, dogs with a black and tan color appeared, to which they soon added blood of another breed - a black and red Old English terrier with hard wool.
The selection work was carried out under the direction of Dr. Herbert Lackner. As a result of the laborious breeding work and the successful selection of material (the forebears of the breed were Old English hard-haired terriers and welsh terriers) in 1925, a black and tan terrier appeared. He had a developed hunter instinct and all the qualities required in this business: strong-willed, courageous, energetic, but also distinguished by a balanced character and devotion.
Breed received name German jagdterrier. A year after its appearance, the first breed club was opened. In the early 80s, jagdterriers were recognized by the International Film Festival, at the same time a standard of this breed appeared, according to which pedigreed representatives belong to large and medium sized terriers. It also clarifies that dogs undergo mandatory testing of working properties.
Description of the German Jagdterie breed
In breeding the breed, the priority was to obtain ideal working qualities, and this could not but affect the external data of the animals. In dogs of this breed, sexual dimorphism is quite well pronounced - males are distinguished by a stronger muscular constitution, strength and courage. The females are somewhat smaller and have a more graceful constitution. Kobelinoy bitches are rejected.
Yagdterery have strong bones, developed muscles, dry, dense, elastic skin, which fits tightly to the body. The disadvantages include excessive lightness or roughness of the body, to the defects - light bones, poorly developed muscular frame, loose skin, depleted or loose complexion. Growth representatives of the breed range from 33 to 40 cm, males weigh from 9 to 10 kg, females - from 7.5 to 8.5 kg.
Standard approved such external data jagdteryerov:
- Headwedge-shaped with slightly cheekbones and flat cheeks, slightly flattened between auricles. The muzzle is different in strength and strength, has a smooth narrowing to the ear. Nose is black in most cases, only in dogs with chestnut color it is brown or liver-colored. Lips have a black border, tight fit. Jaws with well developed muscles, strong, with large teeth and scissor bite.
- Auricles small, triangular, set high, hang on cartilage tissue. Ears in a standing position, small or heavy, are vices.
- Eyes small oval-shaped, with dark brown iris and dry, dense eyelids, deeply set. A certain vigilance slips into a penetrating gaze.
- Neck medium-sized, with a pronounced nape, different dryness and developed muscles, it gradually turns into a well-marked withers.
- shoulder blades with oblique staging fit snugly to the body. The back is straight, without bulges, with excellent muscles. The lumbar region and the croup are short, wide, muscular.
- Tail It is stopped at 1/3 of the entire length, has a high setting, is slightly thick, is in line with the back or slightly higher.
- Rib cage It is considered moderately broad, with an oval cross-section and a decent depth. The ribs are convex, elastic. The abdomen is taut, with a beautiful smooth line from the chest in the groin area.
- As for forelimbsthen they are parallel, have strong bones and dry muscles. The hind limbs are distinguished by wider staging, strong, strong, with pronounced knee joints. The paws are small, oval in shape, the pads are fleshy, with arched, tightly clenched fingers.
German dogs move easily, freely, along a straight path.
The colors and coat of the toy terriers
There are two types of representatives of this breed:
- Smooth haired terriers - have a single-layer, dense, short hair, which evenly covers the entire body of the animal, has a natural sheen.
- Wire-haired jagdterrier - with an elongated, tough, dense coat. From the guard coat is formed decorating hair in the form of small tows and beards.
According to the standard, German jagdterriers come in a black and brown shade.
Regardless of the color of the coat, all dogs have symmetrically located, clearly defined holders, which are located above the brow arches, on the sides of the muzzle, in the chest, legs, and in the anus. The standard allows for a light or dark mask, small spots on the sternum and fingers.
Another popular German breed is the Great Dane.
The nature of the breed
Hunters to the bone - jagdteriera have anger towards the beast, they are brave and fearless. The dogs showed themselves well not only in the hunt for poultry living in burrows, but also in the search for the beast on the trail of blood, they also find field and water game well, they perfectly apparate.
Dogs are not too friendly to people, so they are considered quite complex pets that require early education and socialization. Therefore, the breed is not recommended for inexperienced dog breeders. Without training and educational measures, the dog becomes uncontrollable.
Yagdterrier need constant physical exertion and regular testing of working qualities, so they are better to get people who are overly active and mobile. This pet will always be happy to accompany the owner on long hikes, bike rides, any travels.
Dogs of this breed are well accustomed to new conditions, so they are good for families who often change their place of residence. A well-educated dog is friendly to all family members, he truly loves his owners and is boundless to them.
Jagdterriers are good for children and love active joint games very much. They are excellent defenders, and are not afraid of opponents, surpassing them in strength and size. Naturally, dogs are not suitable for sharing with other animals. The shortcomings of the breed include timidity and malice towards a person, to vices - unreasonable aggression, an unstable psyche.
Training and coaching of dogs
Given the specificity of this breed, the processes of dressing can not be considered separately from the coaching of dogs for game. Inborn burrow hunters still require proper training. It is also worth noting that their training is a rather specific process, since the character of the laggy terriers cannot be called simple.
They are malicious and stubborn, which even with a developed intellect, greatly complicates the learning process. In addition, due to strong hunting instincts, dogs have the ability, without receiving a command, to decide for themselves how to proceed based on circumstances. On the one hand, this is a valuable quality, on the other hand, possible difficulties.
When training requires a serious approach and taking into account the age, mental and personal characteristics of the pet. It is recommended to start a pet from the first days, as he was in a new house. If everything is done correctly, the dog will quickly learn the standard commands, learn to behave properly, including in the house.
But in addition to the usual training, jagdterrier needs to be trained, which experts recommend to carry out in artificial burrows. This makes it possible to exercise control over the pet and help him if necessary. The half year old dog can be introduced to a raccoon, then to a fox, and by one and a half years with a badger. In this matter, haste can hurt, and it will be rather difficult to correct the situation. This is especially true of bitches, with the males the same as the dressing is much easier.
The results of tests of dogs of this breed on blood tracks show that they have the same qualities as huskies, but their scores, evaluating the sense of smell and search, are somewhat higher than those of huskies, welshes and other breeds.
Caring for a toy terrier
The coat of representatives of this breed is unpretentious in the care. To make the dog look great, it must be periodically cleaned with a special brush. Brutal haired terriers need to be trimmed 2-3 times a year to rid them of dead hair. The pet does not require frequent washing, the procedure is carried out when it is necessary. Take care of the ears and teeth of a pet, cleaning them. Claws are cut off as they grow - in the winter time, the procedure is carried out more often.
The dog feels psychological comfort if it gets a chance to move a lot. A pet of this kind is not suitable for people who like to spend their free time at the TV. Since the nature of this breed of dogs laid some aggression, they need to spend it and do it better through training and hunting. Ideally, dogs need 3-4 hours of walking a day.
Vaccination is very important for young terriers, because they are in contact not only with other domestic but also with wild animals. You should also regularly give anthelmintic drugs and treat against external parasites.
How and what to feed jagdteriera
As in the case of other breeds, the owners of the lugger terriers have a choice - to feed the pet with ready-made rations or natural products. When feeding in kind, the dog needs to prepare food every day, especially if we are talking about several pets. Among the permitted products are the following:
- Meat: representatives of the breed perfectly digest beef broth, but boiled veal is not suitable for the diet, can cause indigestion and diarrhea.
- Offal - great food for German terriers. You can take the heart, lungs, kidneys, stomachs of poultry and beef.
- Dairy products and sour milk - low fat cottage cheese, kefir, yogurt, and ryazhenka should be present in the diet of the game dugger. Milk can be given, but only skimmed.
- Groats - boiled buckwheat, oatmeal, rice, millet.
- Vegetables - there are many options, you can boil potatoes for your pet, give raw carrots, beets, zucchini, cabbage. It is useful to add fresh greens, sorrel, beet tops, pre-scalded young nettles to food.
Adult dogs are fed once or twice a day, bitches in position and lactating - three times. If the owner chooses to feed the pet with ready-made dry rations, then it should be a high-quality product that provides the dog with everything necessary. It is better to choose feed from the category of premium and super premium. It is recommended to increase the portion of food in winter to dogs that are kept outside. Instead of water, it is better to apply clean snow to the drinking bowl.
Photo of German Jagdteriere
How much is a puppy jagdteriera
Despite the fact that the breed in the territory is not very common, however, in large cities there are kennels that breed these dogs. Experts do not recommend purchasing puppies from random sellers, since, in addition to the risks of getting a bloodthirsty pet, there is a chance to buy a puppy with behavioral abnormalities and genetic disorders.
In addition, professional breeders are obliged to take care of the working qualities of their wards. The cost of pedigreed kids with documents varies from 15,000 to 30,000 rubles. Lower price should be alerted.
The German hunting game lizard is a pet, which is not quite suitable as a sofa companion. This dog is intended for hunting, participation in competitions and other active events. In addition, he needs compulsory education and training, a master with a strong hand. Otherwise, the dog will be uncontrollable, and cause a lot of trouble. If such difficulties do not frighten, then you can safely go for a new family member.
The history of the origin of the German terrier, one of the few, when to get a breed of dogs was formulated the exact goal and to her walked purposefully and pedantically. This is understandable, because the breeders were German breeders. One of them, Walter Zangenberg in 1923 acquired puppies from fox terriers. These puppies were culled due to their too dark color. But it was the color that interested the breeder. After all, a dark hunter in the forest is almost imperceptible, which gives him certain advantages in the pursuit of game. In addition, the dark color is more practical for normal hunting.
The breeding of dogs of the new breed began with inbreeding. In order to get the necessary hunting qualities - a vicious dog, capable of working under any circumstances - in burrows, in water and on the ground, the blood of fox terriers and Welsh Terriers of dark color was infused into the future breed, with the necessary workers and personality.
At the beginning of the twentieth century in Germany, a club of game enthusiasts is created, the first exhibitions of representatives of the breed are held, and standardization of the breed is underway.
Over time, the quality of the breed gradually improved, and its standard was approved by the International Canine Federation in 1954.
Since the breed is constantly evolving, the standard for it is undergoing some changes. The current breed standard jagdterrier sees the perfect hunter like this:
- The average height is from 33 to 40 cm, girls are slightly smaller than boys. Weight for the hunter is ideal in parameters from 9 to 10 kg for males and 8-9 kg for bitches,
- The head should be wedge-shaped, but not pointed. The skull is elongated, the transition between the frontal part of the skull and the muzzle is mild,
- The ears are small, set wide apart, with hanging tips,
- Глаза небольшие, овальные, глубоко посаженные. Поэтому выражение « лица» у собаки всегда внимательное и напряженное,
- Нос хорошо развит, мочка не должна раздваиваться и сужаться. Окрас носа – черный, но если окрас у собаки с коричневым оттенком, то и нос может быть коричневый,
- Прикус должен быть безупречный – полный ножницеобразный. The teeth must comply with the complete dental formula (42), large, healthy,
- Lips are tight, not drooping, with dark pigmentation,
- The chest is not wide, but well developed, the ribs are set back,
- The back is straight, not short, strong, with muscular loin,
- The entire body of the dog must be strong, with well-expressed withers, a tucked up belly and a well-pronounced curved groin line,
- Front legs straight, firmly standing parallel to the body. They are more developed than the rear. Elbows tightly adjacent to the body. The fingers are pressed tightly to each other on strong and thick pads,
- The hind legs are wiry, muscular, straight, with wide hips, well adapted to the jump and powerful push,
- The tail of the yagdas is traditionally cropped due to the unattractive long look. Docked by 1/3 of the tail of dogs should be held vertically,
- The coat can be hard or smooth as standard, dense, even. The skin under the coat should not be gathered in folds,
- Some variety is allowed in color: it may be black, grayish black, dark brown. In any of the colors must be clearly visible yellow-red or brown-yellow tan. They are located on the face, eyebrows, breasts, groin and belly, on the inside of the paws and at the base of the tail.
Photos of dogs of breed jagdterrier with standard parameters are presented here.
Disqualification of the yagda may follow if he has the following defects:
- Fear of the beast or the shots
- Weak temperament
- Bite problems: overshot, undershot bite, skewed jaw, pincer bite, incomplete dentition,
- Colorful eyes,
- Dark eyes
- Atypical pigmentation on the lips and paw pads,
- Non-standard, with white or gray spots,
- Lower than standard growth.
The breed is still in the process of improvement. Selection work continues to sharpen the versatility of the hunting qualities and nature of yagdov. Photos and description of the game lighter that fit the standard are presented here.
Character and temperament
For the explosive temperament of the yagda called "dynamite." His character must be assessed both by the hunting qualities and by his social adaptability. He is first and foremost an assistant to the owner on the hunt. Therefore, its hunting qualities, for which the breed was bred, should be considered first.
The best host for the yagda is the hunter. Characteristics of the breed Jagdteriere can be expressed in several qualities:
- Fearlessness and perseverance in the pursuit of the beast,
- Absolute devotion to your master,
- Discipline and clarity of the task at the hunt.
From an early age, jagdas manifest their extraordinary character. In the description of the breed of breeding terriers, many breeders point to its personality traits. Aggression against other animals is laid at the gene level and the owner of such a dog should always be aware of this. Yagd tries to become a leader not only among his own kind, but also among family members, including the owner. And if you give him the slack, then to cope with a hunting dog that can float his teeth will become simply impossible. Therefore, if you want to have a great hunter in the face of a jagdteriere, you need to keep in mind that he needs a firm hand and a stronger will in upbringing than he himself. Yagd, recognizing his master and unquestioningly obeying him, will become a family favorite, disciplined and adequate.
When planting in a yagda house you need to know that there should not be any other animals there. These dogs do not tolerate either cats or birds due to a very jealous attitude to their person, as well as due to a very developed hunting instinct.
As a watchman for a jagdter, it’s also risky to hold. He is adequate in the role of a watchman until he gets in the way of someone, in his understanding - “game.” This may be a cat and someone else's dog, and even uninvited guests, who appeared without an invitation.
Here is such a complex, unsteady character of this small, seemingly unremarkable doggie of a yagdteriere whose photo you see. Therefore, for the representatives of this breed, the most important moment is the proper upbringing, giving them a lot of time and energy - physical and mental. Then they make great hunters and true friends.
Maintenance and care
Jagdterery unpretentious to the conditions of detention. Important points in the care of these dogs is the careful grooming and prevention of helminth invasion. The fact is that jagdteriera have to deal with wild animals that are infected with worms and can transmit them to a dog. In addition, a hunting dog must be vaccinated against dangerous infections in a timely manner.
Proper diet in the life of a jagdteriere is of great importance. From it once and for all food should be excluded from the master's table. Do not give a puppy or an adult dog smoked, fatty or sweet food. They need a varied diet, with a full set of all nutrients, vitamins and trace elements. For this purpose, suitable high-quality dry dog food.
Up to 4 months of age a puppy must be fed at least four times a day. In the diet should be fresh meat, boiled fish, chicken eggs, dairy products and vegetables.
Upon reaching 9 months of age, you can switch to three meals a day. This age period is very important for the formation of a healthy adult animal. Therefore, a young dog needs fresh meat and additional minerals. Portions during this period need to be increased, since active growth requires a lot of building material. Only one year old young jagdteriera can be transferred to two meals. It is important to remember that high-grade high-quality nutrition of the pupil is the key to his good health and endurance as a future hunter.
The most important component of the correct content of the yagd is their active lifestyle. They need long, walking a few hours a day with energetic games and running. Without the fulfillment of this condition, it is impossible to take on the maintenance of the yagdas, since they have behavioral problems with a lack of activity.
Nataska and training
In the characterization of the jagdterrier cannot be dispensed with questions of training and training. They begin at the age of three months when the puppy learns elementary commands. More complex training on hunting begins in 10 months. It is better to conduct classes to a cynologist because of the complex nature of the pupil. Therefore, to approach his education should be with full responsibility and not give him any indulgence, trying to mute the negative traits of character and promote dignity.
Health and life expectancy
The description of the breed and the nature of the dogs would be incomplete without mentioning their health status. Feature of the breed is excellent health and strong immunity. Yagd practically does not get sick, if from an early age he was properly cared for. Of course, no hunting dog is immune from injuries that may occur during a hunt. Yagdy can be injured by wildlife, sprains and bruises. The only hereditary disease that is noted in some members of this breed is dermatorexis. This is a skin pathology characterized by weakness of the skin to break. Such animals are rejected and not allowed to cross.
In general, the breed has good health and longevity. On average, yagdy live 13-15 years.
The origin of the breed
Characteristic black and tan color got jagdteriera from culled fox terriers - the ancestors of the breed. The history of its occurrence is interesting because in the twenties of the XIX century, tireless fox terriers were popular among German hunters. Breeders mistakenly tried to develop all the qualities in the breed at the same time: external data, malice towards the beast and endurance. As a result, the hunting qualities of dogs deteriorated, and the breed from working turned into an exhibition.
The creator of the breed - German hunter and breeder Walter Zangenberg believed that the hunting dog's appearance should not be in the foreground. With like-minded people: dog experts Rudolf Freis and Karl-Erich Grünenwald, he decided to breed a new breed that was most adapted to burrow hunting. He was helped by the case - the director of the zoo in Hagenberg presented him with four fox terrier puppies, rejected because of the color: two puppies and two bitches. From them began breeding work on the creation of a new breed of hunting dog.
Between the pairs was made mating with each other - this fixed the black and tan colors. In the future, puppies odnopodniki crossed with the most dark fox terriers with good working qualities. Thus was created a new breed line with a discreet appearance, but high hunting characteristics. The breed standard was established in 1934.
The nature of the German jagdteriera
The FCI standard breed is a harsh and courageous dog, enjoying work. These tireless, energetic and temperamental dogs are considered reliable and easily manageable. Aggression and excessive cowardice are grounds for disqualification and rejection.
The dog is born a hunter, and its hunting instincts are not able to suppress any training. Owners of young terrier dogs should be ready for long active walks and to the fact that any living creatures on the way will seem like a pet to a pet. The dog will pursue all life on earth, under the earth, in the sky and in the water. Neighboring cat, bird, frog, fish include the mode - "Catch and disarm!"
The nature of the pet is best described by the following qualities:
- Increased jealousy. If you start a jagdteriera - you should not have any other pets, except for individuals of the same breed.
- Constant activity. Jagdterrier not sitting on the ground. Get ready for constant attacks, jumps and running around - it can bring discomfort to the home.
- Excessive alertness. Dogs are distrustful to strangers, they can be used as watchmen.
- Not aggressive to children and can get along well with small family members. It is necessary to teach children to respect the dog and to treat it with care.
Fully friendly to their owners, but not suitable for the role of companion dog. You need to be prepared for the constant containment of the hunting instincts of the dog, not to let her off the leash for a walk, to reduce aggression towards other dogs with the help of socialization. The dog is complex, requiring a professional approach to education, early training.
Care and maintenance
The compact size of the hunting terrier allows you to keep it in the apartment, and in a country house with a plot. Country content is preferable if the site has a deaf fence with a deep foundation. This will allow to keep the dog without a leash, it will not be able to escape, making your favorite dig. Dig constantly for pleasure and guided by hunting instincts. Dog enclosure should be spacious. Only captive content is unacceptable - dogs need long walks and training with games and training.
When housing maintenance it is necessary to provide the dog with a large number of toys and long walks - the psychological comfort of the pet depends on it. The concept of walking includes many hours of games and activities. Jagdterrier is a dog that can walk and play for hours without experiencing fatigue.
The rest of the care - not complicated. Dogs have coarse coat with good water repellency. Shedding - restrained and passes quickly. The main grooming is to brush and wipe it weekly with a wet cloth.
Animals are rarely bathed, when the hair is heavily soiled with soft shampoos, so as not to wash the protective fat layer. If necessary, animals are trimmed - pluck out old hairs manually or using special tools.
In addition to grooming, dogs are regularly rubbed with chamomile decoction using wadded disks. Check and clean the ears of sulfur plaque. As they grow, claws are cut off. Clean the animal's mouth and teeth.
Training of the game-room
We have already said that the breed is difficult. They need to be brought up strictly and competently. To inexperienced dog breeders to cope with this task is not easy. Dog breeds hunting terrier early begin to teach obedience and socialization. With the help of socialization reduce the natural aggression to other dogs and cats and fearfulness.
Begin training puppies as soon as the pet has appeared in the new house. Patient correct education is a guarantee that the puppy will learn all the standard commands. At first, a person must support a pet in order to teach him not to be afraid of loud street sounds, other dogs on the street, noisy home appliances. It is necessary to encourage the puppy when he behaved obediently on a walk or was not afraid of a big dog.
The specificity of the breed provides a combination of education, training and training for game. Jaggie-terriers are taught aportirovaniyu, search activities, running near the bike and tricks with a flying saucer (frisbee). The complex and stubborn nature of the hunting dog requires constant monitoring by the owner and complicates the process of training. Tips for education and training:
- Behave yourself strictly and demandingly, but do not allow physical impact.
- Provide your dog with a mock hole on a dog platform. Encourage her to climb this simulator.
- Constantly monitor the animal - because of the instincts of the dog can behave as you want it.
- If you plan to use the dog on the hunt, take it to the front station. At the age of 6 months, you can introduce her to a raccoon and a fox. In 1.5 years - with a badger.
- Do not use delicacies as a reward for the team performed - drop the aport or hide your favorite toy.
- Never provoke aggression towards others in an animal - a dog cannot control its hunting rage.
- The best company for joint walks is terriers who can stand up for themselves. A dachshund or a pug will not be able to defend themselves from a played hunter.
- Never fool a dog - it perceives any command as a call to action. Jokes this breed does not understand.
To sum up, the training of the German jagdteriere is a symbiosis of training, active play and coaching. The main thing you need to teach your pet is self-control.
How to feed a jagdteriera
Hunting breed, designed for high loads. Proper nutrition from a young age - a guarantee that the dog will grow strong and healthy.
The owners have a choice - to feed with natural products or ready-made industrial feed. Adult adult lamb dwellers are fed 1-2 times a day, pregnant and lactating 3 times. The daily rate of natural food - 240-320 gr. Dry food - 150-200 gr. The daily rate of lactating and pregnant bitches increase. Little yagdas are fed 5-6 times a day.
Food for feeding German lgdterrierov choose not less than the class of super premium. The best brands for this breed are: Oriana Juice Freezе-dried, Bosch Adult Mini.
Breastfeeding requires the owners to create a balanced diet and takes more time to prepare food.
In the daily diet with natural feeding should be present:
- Frozen raw meat, except veal,
- beef broth,
- offal: beef, turkey, chicken. Calf's tongue, udder and lung are not recommended,
- non-fat dairy products, except milk,
- porridge, any other than manna,
- vegetables: raw and boiled,
- fresh greens.
Food should be without salt and spices. Prohibited: sweets, fatty and fried foods, smoked meats.
Natural nutrition requires additional vitamins. When feeding high-quality industrial feed - an additional intake of vitamins is not required.
Black and tan - the standard color of the breed, characterized by clearly limited red tan on the eyebrows, in the lower limbs and on the breast.
Dark brown has a uniform dark brown color throughout the body. The muzzle and paws are distinguished by a lighter shade.
Gray-black in color resembles black and tan.